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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 49. 

Elgin, 111., January 1, 1910. 

No. 1. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. and will not fail to insist on a proper administration 

Editorial, — ■ of justice, when it comes to enforcing temperance 

Our Message for 1910 8 „,..-..„. 

Up-to-Date Things (H. B. B.) 10 measures. 

Derelicts (G. M.) 10 

Essays,— Society leaders of Chicago, by means of a so-called 

one of a Thousand. By i G Crosswhjte, ..... ....,, 2 .. charity Ball," recently raised about $25,000 for the 

"We Who Know Are the People Who Owe.* By Flora J J _ . _ 

E. Teague 2 poor of that city. The propriety of raising funds in 

The Parent and the Sunday School. By OUio Winger, 2 ... , , i ., 

The Passing Years. By Ida M. Helm 3 such a way is being seriously questioned by the min- 

A aS THpTe Sy^By L-T'h. ' Beahn,. ' \ \ \ \ \ \ : \ '. \ \ '. '. \ \ \ \ \ i inters of the city. For every $10 spent by the wealthy 
What we Have seen. By Lydia b. Gibbie i devotees of fashion, in these affairs, only $5 goes to 

The Shepherd's Care. By S. S. Blough, . .- 4 ■ ' ./ -u 

The incentive to christian service. By J. Edwin Jones, 5 the real purpose intended, from which one might 

SSn%friS-Wh°rL rt lf y whS DoesTB-Hngi " By 5 readily infer that the method, at best, is wasteful of 

Geo. d. zoiiers 5 time, effort and means, on the .part of its promoters. 

The Kound Table,— __ When will humanity ever learn that the real spirit of 

A Look at the Last Standing Commit toe.— John Calvin . . , , ... , , 

Bright. The Old and the New.— Paul Mohier. New giving does not seek expression in these questionable 

Year Resolutions — A. G. Crosswhite. Is Home Teach- , , - - r j t <tm i • 

ing Negiecte^-p. R. Keitner. a Foolish Sparrow. methods of securing funds? The proper appeal, in an 

una m. Brubaker. Too Much for Him.— a. Hutchison, e appropriate manner, and along the line of apostolic 

Homo and Family,— precept and example, will result in larger donations 

The River of Yesterday. — Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. A r t , a . 

Marriage in India.— c. h. Brubaker 7 than any sensational, worldly method, — unscnptural 

Missionary Department, — at best. 

Guard Your Homes. Profession and Practice. An Ear- 

nest Plea. Giving that Counts. Some Excuses. Whom PERHAPS never before W3S there a more general HOT 

Shall We Elect?— Paul Mohier. What Kind of a Church? . . ' «, ■ 

— w. r. Deeter n a more genuine manifestation of the true Christmas 

~~ spirit towards the poor of our cities than this year. 
While the needy received much-needed help, the expe- 
rience gained by many of the donors was not only a 
most blessed one, but a revelation of the real needs of 
suffering humanity, little known or suspected. A new 
phase of life, as it is lived by earth's lowly ones, 
has been graphically portrayed to those who, sur- 
rounded by plenty, have this year looked on poverty 
in its worst phases. By many of the kind donors the 
regret has been voiced that more was not done by them 
in the past, and they express the fervent wish that 
systematic efforts might be made to extend the Christ- 
mas spirit throughout the year, alleviating want and 
suffering whenever occasion may present itself. 


The widows as well as the fatherless children at 
Cherry, 111., were made recipients of a bountiful sup- 
ply of practical and useful Christmas gifts by the gen- 
erosity of Chicago and Rockford, III., donors. Only 
those who have been brought in touch with a calamity 
like the one in the ill-fated mining town, and have felt 
the full power of the grim destroyer, can appreciate 
what it means to have the sympathy and love of hu- 
manity expressed in a manner so emphatic and de- 
cisive. It is an echo of the angelic strain on the plains 
of Bethlehem,— the spirit of heartfelt joy and praise, 
— and a practical demonstration of the fact that love 
and good will to man are more and more becoming 
the ruling principle of humanity at large. 

Indiana brewers having announced their avowed 
intention of helping the Anti-Saloon League in the en- 
forcement of liquor laws, — strange as this may seem, 
— are closing many saloons in the State by refusing 
to sell beer to them. The saloons in question are in 
territory where the people have voted dry, and the 
brewers are a unit in declaring that the law must be 
upheld. The sudden conversion of the brewers to a 
strict and unwonted observance of the law is some- 
what remarkable. They made a formal offer to the 
Anti-Saloon League to assist in preventing any law 
violations, and though the League did not see their 
way clear to accept their cooperation in full, it is 
readily seen that the brewers now realize the import- 
ance of a strict observance of the law. To preserve 
the remnant of their once flourishing business, they 
must be more law-abiding than heretofore. 

Once in awhile the people rise up in their might and 
make themselves heard. A brother sends us particu- 
lars concerning a recent local option election at War- 
rensburg. Mo. It appears that a previous election 
was clearly in favor of temperance, but that a would- 
be saloonkeeper, on the strength of a slight flaw in the 
publishing of the election notice, rushed the matter 
into the courts, and succeeded in obtaining a license. 
At a great expense to the taxpayers, another election 
was at once ordered, and then it was that the people of 
Warren sburg not only announced positively that they 
are against the saloon, but, by a largely-increased vote, 
rebuked the court which attempted to force saloons 
upon them. The lawyers and the judges on the bench 
will do well to think upon the way cases are often 
managed to please the rum power. The people are 
wide-awake to their rights and privileges, these days, 

Dec. 19 was observed as the annual " Peace Sunday " 
in many churches of the United States, and, as recom- 
mended, appropriate sermons were preached in har- 
mony with that important issue. If this practice were 
to become more general, no doubt there would be a 
salutary effect produced on the minds of many who 
now thoughtlessly advocate military prowess and the 
glory of war. Mr. O. G. Villard, of New York, is 
authority for the statement that the Navy League of 
the United States, whose sole purpose is the upbuild- 
ing and maintenance of a large navy, is establishing 
branches throughout the country, to advocate the im- 
portance of a "big fleet." Might it not be well for 
those who urge the claims of the " Prince of Peace," 
to become a little more active in the defense of the 
anti-war principles, so clearly taught by Christ? This 
is a time when action is greatly needed. 

As "far back as the days of Christopher Sower, the 
first, there was ample reason to criticise the treatment 
of immigrants on transatlantic vessels, and history re- 
cords that the vigorous attacks of our pioneer brother 
had a salutary effect in eradicating the most flagrant 
abuses then existing. Recent investigations of United 
States authorities seem to show that the modern 
steamer, while affording fine accommodations for first 
and second class patrons, provides most wretched and 
insanitary quarters for its steerage passengers. Spe- 
cial lady representatives of our Government, who took 
passage in various vessels to test the matter, report 
distressing conditions, and especially so for women 
and girls. There seems to be absolutely no privacy to 
the quarters allotted them, and they are continually 
subjected to insulting remarks and uncalled-for ad- 
vances on the part of the crew and others. Such con- 
ditions are a disgrace to civilization, and should be 
speedily remedied. 

" Bread instead of bullets " was the watchword 
Dec. 23, when our State Department learned that 
about 2,000 sick and wounded soldiers of the con- 
tending forces in Nicaragua were sorely in need of 
food and medical attendance. The several American 
war vessels, now stationed at Bluefields, have been 
ordered to take active charge of necessary relief meas- 
ures, and it is thought that much real good will be 
accomplished by this humane and highly appreciated 
action. Winning the good will of both sides, and 
working for a restoration of harmony and peace, will 
be more effectual than any other method. President 
Madriz is recognized by the United States as the law- 
ful head of the Republic of Nicaragua, and as such is 
expected to guard the life and property of all Ameri- 
cans. Under his able leadership it is hoped that ere 
long more tranquil conditions may obtain in the little 
Central American republic. 

While the claims of Dr. Frederick A, Cook, as dis- 
coverer of the north pole, were questioned by some 
from the start, it was hardly thought that the examina- 
tion of his records by the authorities of the Univer- 
sity of Copenhagen, Denmark, would result in so 
sweeping a statement concerning the unreliability of 
the explorer's data. Officials and people of Denmark 
were slow to believe the assertions of those who ques- 
tioned his reliability, but the evidence seems to be 
clearly against Mr. Cook's claims. The explorer, at 
present, has withdrawn from public view, his where- 
abouts being unknown. He is said to have made a for- 
tune of over $100,000 by the story of his alleged dis- 
covery, but even this cannot atone for the loss he sus- 
tains in the esteem of his countrymen and the world at 
large. Once lauded and honored as the greatest dis- 
coverer of the age, he now passes into history as one 
whose story is discredited, whose reputation is cloud- 

Bad books are troubling England as well as the 
United States. Six prominent circulating libraries of 
Great Britain have united in a request to the publishing 
houses that all novels and books of a doubtful tone be 
submitted to their scrutiny, one week before date of 
publication. Then, if, in the judgment of any three 
members of the Libraries' Association, any book is 
found to be " personally scandalous, libelous, immoral. 
Or likely to prove offensive to any considerable section 
of the subscribers," it will not be sold by any of these 
dealers. The publishers greatly resent this implied 
censorship, but the Association is firm in the decision 
to protect their readers against bad books. It might 
be well if there were universal and concerted action, 
everywhere, against books of a questionable nature, 
discouraging them so thoroughly that they would be- 
come a financially unprofitable investment. 

History, both sacred and profane, records the fact 
that most men of power and influence lived simply. 
From the days of Daniel, who insisted on " pulse to 
eat and water to drink," to the days of John the Bap- 
tist, whose life was simplicity itself, the truth of this 
assertion has proved itself again and again. The an- 
cient Egyptians, who, in the zenith of their glory, 
dined elaborately and lived luxuriously, finally reaped 
national decay as the result of their excesses. Other 
examples are found in the records of Rome, Greece, 
Babylon, Nineveh, and countless others, and it will 
not be strange if " history repeats itself " in these 
latter days. While extravagance and luxurious living 
are sapping the vitality of many, it is well that some, 
at least, are trying to stem the tide, and plead for a 
return to greater simplicity of life. *The rugged vital- 
ity of our sturdy pioneers is a powerful argument in 
favor of plain living, — so largely conducive to the very 
best religious and moral conditions of the human rate. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

e: ss a vs 

"Study to shew H,y«lf approved uuta .pod . ■ wortraan Oiat ncedeth not 
to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth. 

A New Year. 

Away over the darkness the wild wind blows. 

Far, far in the east a faint light glows. 
Yes! over the hilltops it comes afar: 

See!— turning to silver the morning-star! 
Away over the darkness breaks far the dawn; 

Night, night with its spectres is dead and gone. 
Afar, over the wild slopes, the birds no more 

Sing sweet at the daybreak, as long o: yore 
Glad, glad in the summer the feathery throng 

Cleft morn with the sweet burst of rapturous song. 
Death!— stillness of death— bleak the mountain sides! 

Wake, wake! for the glad strength of life abides. 
Afar over the grain-fields of months now sped 

See where the wild poppy, in glorious red, 
Vied there with the sunflowers; and earlier, too, 

Look at the wild-roses and violets blue. 
Say, now,— do you tell me that these are dead? — 

The baby soft breathes in his trundle-bed. 
Ah, year, baby year! The fair flowers will wake, 

Like children a'prattle at glad daybreak; 
And over the meadows our feet will roam, 

And we'll find every posie alive and at home. 
For the years are not dead when they fall asleep: 

They have dived after pearls in the oceans deep, 
And, so, over the darkness, the wild wind blows, 

And the hedges are piled with the drifted snows; 
And the Father of love, watching all above, 

Reigns, reigns with the scepter of infinite Love. 
Hope, hope is a'thrill with the joy and cheer 

That expands in the laugh of the baby year. 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

One of a Thousand. 


" The schoolma'am says we can't have any more 
of that coal," said a little boy as he stood shivering at 
the door of the old elder with whom I was making 
my home during a recent series of meetings. 

It was then ten degrees below zero and the wind 
was blowing furiously from the west. 

" Come in, child. You'll freeze," said the good- 
hearted mother as she closed the kitchen door behind 

" What in the world are you going to do now ?" 
" Don't know," said he, half-crying. " Mamma 
says we can get M — 's wagon, and she sent me over 
" to see if I could get your horse to go to town after 
some coal." 

" But what will they do to keep warm while you 
are gone?" said she. 

" Oh, we have a pailful of coal that I picked up 
along the railroad, and mamma says she will go over 
to the schoolhouse and get some more, before she'll let 
the children freeze," said our hero with emphasis. 

" Yes, you can get the horse ; but first go out to 
our woodhouse and carry over enough wood to last 
until you return. The teacher has forbidden you to 
get any more coal from the schoolhouse, and to take 
it now would be stealing, and that is an awful sin." 

This was not the first information that I had had of 
that poor family ; for, very early in the morning, this 
good old mother had waded through the snow to the 
big deserted store where a mother and six helpless 
children were fighting against both hunger and cold. 

Several months before they had preempted a few 
rooms above the big room, that, years before, was the 
village store. Their miserable quarters had not a 
semblance of comfort or safety, and yet, this was the 
best they could do. She was not a widow, or her lot 
would have been, at this time, quite different. Her 
husband had gone to the city to find employment, 
with a promise to send home most of his first earnings. 
When the mother, above referred to, called to inquire 
after their comfort, she found them eating half-frozen 
canned peaches, and actually shivering over a few 
coals that had been picked up, but now the snow had 
covered over what, to them, was more precious than 
silver and gold. Like thousands of others, they were 
too proud to beg, or even to admit their true condi- 

Picture a ten-year-old boy starting out in such a 
storm, in such temperature, in an open spring wagon, 

to go a distance of four miles for a few hundred 
pounds of coal with only " a promise to pay," and you 
will not wonder at this personal appeal to remember 
the poor. 

Mother said she could never sit down to a warm 
stove when she feared that some were shivering with 
cold. While eating, she would almost choke to think 
of little hungry children so near her door. 

" But," some one says, " couldn't that man have 
done better? " Sure, he might have, but that fact will 
neither make the weather any warmer nor feed those 
little innocent children. 

Another cold winter is upon us and it is plainly to 
be seen that all have not been equally fortunate. 
Farmers, especially, have been wonderfully blessed 
during the past year, both in crops and prices, but 
many in the towns and cities have been just as 
proportionately unfortunate, for wages have not been 
commensurate with high prices, and so, without com- 
passion, the rich will grow richer and the poor still 

The Savior says, " The poor ye have always with 
you, and whensoever ye will ye may do them good." 
The better ( ?) class say that one must lay up for a 
" rainy day," but their rainy day may be longer than 
they calculate, and it takes a big shed to cover all the 
kin. There are already many appeals to aid societies 
and churches for supplies for the city poor, and there 
will be still more before the cold days of winter blow 
over. Let us think, some cold night, as we sit by our 
cozy fires and enjoy our good meals, how we would 
like to exchange places with many of the Lord's poor. 
" Inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least, . . ■ 
ye have done it unto me." 

There are very many reasons for people being poor, 
among which may be mentioned the following: 

1. Lack of Foresight. — The father may be a good 
worker and provider, while the mother is both extrav- 
agant and lazy. No man, thus handicapped, can get 
far ahead. With such embarrassments and discourage- 
ments, every day is left to provide for itself. A good 
worker cannot always see a bargain, either, and while 
he is sighting, another shoots the game. 

2. Poor Health or Accident. — This might or might 
not have been prevented. At any rate, there are always 
some who excuse themselves from giving on the 
ground that there is no excuse for poverty in this 
goodly land. Then, too, they claim that they 'are 
heavily taxed for the support of the poor. 

3. Lack of Employment. — Some people have only. 
one trade and while they are learning another, their 
families may suffer. There is a possibility of a lull 
in business of any kind, and the one who needs the 
wages most may be the first to be set off. 

4. Lack of Opportunity. — Many hard-working men 
or women have been forced to steal', from their 
employers or others " to make both ends meet." Is it 
not much better to share profits mutually than for one 
to steal and the other to be the cause of it ? There are 
" open doors " but the signs above them do not appeal 
to all. 

In this connection, though slightly digressing, I 
wish to refer to another case which came under my 
observation about the same time. In that home there 
was a large family of children and at about harvest 
time the first case of typhoid fever developed in the 
family. At the time of my visit, seven of them were 
thus afflicted. Four of them were slowly convalescing 
and three were in bed, in various stages of the dread 
disease. People were afraid to go to the house, and 
thus, for many weeks, the care of the sick, household 
and farm duties were practically left to the family. 
The mother had a small babe, but Providence smiled 
upon them and she was permitted to nurse them all 
through this protracted siege. 

They were not poor but they needed personal com- 
fort and rest, which never came. Surely, God is will- 
ing and able to protect those who are engaged in dis- 
charge of duty ! If there is one coveted blessing which 
stands out paramount to all others, it is to suffer for 
" righteousness' sake," and to fall at last, in line of 
battle, with our faces Zionward. 

Flora, Ind. 

"We Who Know Are the People 
Who Owe." 


At our State Sunday-school convention, held at 
Riverside, Cal., in November, Bishop William Bell, 
of the U. B. church, of Los Angeles, made use of the 
statement contained in my subject. At the time it 
struck me with more than usual force, and ever since 
it has tenaciously clung to me. It made me feel more 
and more the power of Paul's utterance in Rom. 1 : 14, 
" I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the barba- 
rians ; both to the wise, and to the unwis^." 

Since we, as a people, follow out literally more of 
the teaching of Christ than many other religious or- 
ganizations, and since we believe we cannot please our 
Heavenly Father without obeying him in all thing's, 
are we not under great obligations to prove our belief 
by making more strenuous effort to have other pre- 
cious souls trust him more fully ? " We who know 
are the people, who owe." 

Instead of always letting our light shine, we some- 
times try to hide it under a bushel, when we go to 
these and other places. We ought to be glad to have 
the privilege of making manifest, by all the means in 
our power, that we are members of an organization 
who are seeking to take God at his word. 

Yes, we may be set down as narrow-minded, as 
peculiar, as ignorant, yet it is better, in the long run, 
to be so held than to be of the number who try to prove, 
by their words and actions, that God either does not 
mean what he said, in giving us various command- 
ments, or that he had very poor judgment. Such peo- 
ple, by their deceptive ways, lead other unsuspecting 
souls into their evil traps. 

Are we necessarily ignorant when we know and do ? 
How about some professing Christian Bible readers 
who hardly know that John 13 or James 5 is in the 
New Testament? 

Because I believe God when he declares that Chris- 
tian adornment does not lie in superfluity, but in mod- 
esty and a meek and quiet spirit, am I to be ashamed 
of being called ignorant or out of date ? 

I have often found, to my surprise, that those whom 
I presumed to be wise ( ?), were exceedingly ignorant 
on many parts of God's Word. 

Brethren, sisters, we do know and we do believe. 
How much are we doing to pay the debt we owe to 
others? Would it not be well to herald forth from the 
stand a few more doctrinal sermons ? Or shall we let 
them drop out of sight, so our children, as well as 
others, will soon begin to think that probably we do 
not stand for more distinct teaching than other organ- 
izations, hence their preferences might easily be trans- 
ferred to some other church. 
Lordsburg, Cal. 

The Parent and the Sunday School. 


It is generally thought that the Church of the Breth- 
ren is quite active in Sunday-school work. Great 
changes have taken place in the last thirty years. Then 
there were but few Sunday schools ; today there is 
hardly a congregation but what has one or more 
schools, and most of them are evergreen. Then, too, 
the work is receiving more attention from our Con- 
ference each year, and our literature is constantly get- 
ting better. 

A little investigation, however, will show that there 
is yet much to do, to awaken the proper interest among 
our people in this great work. We have many schools 
that are doing but little good. Some of them are 
evergreen, so-called because they continue twelve 
months in the year; but, viewed from the stand-point 
of their spiritual life, they could, more properly, be 
called " everdead." Many of them are so poorly 
attended that the work is very discouraging to those 
who are trying to carry it on. Even in many of our 
larger schools, the attendance, compared with the mem- 
bership, is very poor. 

A little study of the reports of forty Sunday schools 
revealed some surprising facts. Of that number only 
three could show a regular attendance as large as there 
were members in the congregation. The majority of 
the churches could show but little more than half of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

their members attending the school regularly, while 
in some thought-to-be strong churches only one-third 
of the members were regular attendants. If you are 
interested in your school, get the average attendance 
and the number of members in your congregation, and 
see how many of your members need an awakening. 

Who is responsible for this condition ? You may 
place a part of it on the superintendent and teachers, 
and a part on the pastor and officials of the church, 
but I believe that the greatest responsibility rests upon 
the parent. He who assumes the relation of a parent 
has taken upon himself a grave responsibility. Pro- 
viding for the temporal wants of the children is only 
a small part of his duty. The Jewish parents were 
commanded to teach the words of the Lord diligently 
to their children, to talk of them when they sat in their 
houses, and when they walked by the way, and when 
they lay down and when they rose up (Deut. 6:7). 
The command is put no less forcibly in the New 
Testament : " Bring them up in the nurture and 
admonition of the Lord." It is the parents' indispen- 
sable duty to teach their children God's Word, and to 
provide the proper influence to direct them aright. 

Parents are growing careless in this respect. In 
these busy, commercial times, they have too much to 
do to read the Bible to their children as parents once 
were wont to do. The regular family worship is almost 
the exception, not the rule. But were we to grant 
that pressing business is any excuse at all for parents 
to neglect this duty, we must emphasize all the more 
the duty of them taking their children to the Sunday- 
school where the Word may be taught to them. 

The Bible was once a text-book in the public school. 
Many of our fathers and mothers remember that the 
New Testament was one of the first books carried to 
the schoolhouse. But it is not so today. On the con- 
trary, the Bible is not only banished from the schools 
in some States, but in many places there is positive 
teaching that is directly opposed to the Bible. State 
and popular institutions are sending out teachers, all 
over the land, who are tainted with dangerous doctrines 
that are being instilled into the minds of the boys and 
girls. The parents, unfortunately, may not have any 
control over these conditions, but they can give those 
children proper teaching at home, and take them to the 
Sunday school where the Word of God is taught and 

The parent should be fully alive to the importance 
of the Sunday school. Not that it is to take the place 
of the home in the teaching of God's Word, but that 
it should supplement and inspire the work at home. 
And the more worldly and skeptical the environment 
of the child becomes, the greater is the importance 
of the Sunday school. 

Some one will say that there are but few people to- 
day who oppose the Sunday school. Opposition and 
indifference are different terms, but they amount to 
about the same thing. There is something wrong with 
the spiritual condition of the parent who will, let a 
desire for visiting, or that tired Sunday morning feel- 
ing, or many domestic duties keep him and his children 
from Sunday school. Every member of the church 
ought to be an active member of the Sunday school. 
The Sunday school is the church engaged in the 
study of God's Word. If a member is too old or too 
infirm to be at the place of meeting, he ought to be a 
member of the home department. 

The Sunday-school Advisory Committee reported 
for our Bicentennial year an average attendance of 
50,064, — not half as many as there are members in the 
church. Were we to exclude from this number the 
children who are not yet members of the church, and 
compare the remainder with the total membership of 
the Brotherhood, it would show that not more than 
two-fifths of our members are regularly attending Sun- 
day-school. Something is wrong. Who is responsible ? 
Dear parents, let us awake and get busy in the great 
work of studying God's Word, and teaching it to our 
children. If we do, the report for 1910 will show 
that the Church of the Brethren is really alive to the 
work of the Sunday school. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

The Passing Years. 


" Sad or glad the fading year, 
Rich or wan the dawning day: 
God was there, and still is here, 
And his love abides always." 

Without doubt the new year will dawn on many 
as a cheerless day. Business reverses may have fallen 
like a stunning blow ; wasting disease may have 
knocked at the door, filling some hearts with gloomy 
forebodings, — these things bring sorrow. Death may 
have entered the home and broken the family circle, 
and pierced the hearts with anguish. 

Those, to whom the new year will come with hope 
and gladness, should bear cheer to the unfortunate 
ones. The best way for us to make ourselves truly 
happy is by making some one else happy. Attempts 
to minify trouble are wasted. We ourselves must feel 
something of the weight that presses the afflicted ones, 
before we can truly sympathize with them, or be 
bearers of help to them. We must bring to them an 
atmosphere pregnant with hope and the assurance that 
we have faith in their powers to endure and overcome 
their trials and afflictions. The apostle says that we 
should bear one another's burdens and so fulfill the 
law of Christ. We should bring them to see that 
afflictions may be the means of bringing them nearer 
their Redeemer. 

As the clock strikes the hour of midnight, and the 
old year passes, serious reflections steal upon us. An- 
other cycle of time is completed. With its records of 
good and bad it is numbered with the years that are 
past. We say, " Farewell, 1909, till we meet you over 
there." The morning dawns, a new year has begun 
and, as we go about our duties, thoughts of the old 
year force themselves upon us and we realize that 
the old year is not dead. It has only rolled aside to 
make room for its sister, 1910. Regrets for the mis- 
takes we have made, in the past, are useless. We 
can, however, profit by our failures, and make work 
in the new year better than ever before. It depends 
upon us whether" it will be " gold, silver, precious 
stones," or whether it will be but " wood, hay, stubble." 
Our work will be either good or bad, depending on 
the absence or presence of the Christ nature. We 
must endeavor to be righteous, not merely appear so. 

Self-will is the source of all selfishness. We must 
be willing to replace it with the Divine will. If we 
are not satisfied with our living during the past year, 
we must get down to the very root from which the 
disorder sprang, and eradicate it, or we will fail to 
make any essential moral change in our life. The 
fundamental principles. — the germinal elements out of 
which our actions proceed, — must be sound, if we 
would live up to the high standard of living, set for 
us by our Creator. 

" Every day is a fresh beginning, 

Listen, my soul, to the glad refrain. 
In spite of old sorrow and older sinning, 
Take heart with the day, and begin again." 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Gossip is the power to put two and two together 
and make twenty-five out of them. 



Are we anywhere commanded to fast? Do God's 
people fast today ? We believe this is a duty and a 
privilege, required and expected of every devout child 
of God. It is a lamentable fact that it is not more 
generally observed. 

To boast about our fasting is condemned, as it was 
in the case of the Pharisee, yet, how many of us can say 
we have ever fasted for some intense religious desire? 
Some may answer that they have done so, but only 
because the doctor advised it for the benefit of the 
stomach. What complaining there is, sometimes, when 
food must be left off for a meal or two! Fasting is 
not condemned in the Pharisees' life, but the spirit in 
the fasting. Matt 6:16-18 says, "When ye fast, be 
not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they 
disfigure their faces, that they may be seen of men to 
fast. Verily I say unto you, They received then- 
reward. But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thy head, 
and wash thy face; that thou be not seen of men to 
fast, but of thy Father who is in secret : and thy Father 
who seeth in secret, shall recompense thee." 

Notice the words, " when ye fast," and " thou, 
when thou fastest," Does this not seem as though 
Jesus' disciples ought to fast? Instructions as to how 
fasting is to be done are, " Anoint thy head, and wash 
thy face,"— meaning that the fasting be done un- 
assumingly and in secret. It is not to draw the atten- 
tion of men to our good purposes, but that we may, in 
secret, have the bather's approval. 

We have many examples of those who fasted. Jesus 
fasted. Why? Was it not that he might be stronger m 
will-power and spirit to overcome the tilings that were 
trying to make him yield to the demands of Satan? He 
had more power when his physical body was at rest 
than when his energies were at work in their nutur... 
functions. " Christ needed not to fast for mortifica- 
tion (he had no corrupt desires to be subdued ) ; yet 
he fasted, that herein he might humble himself, and 
might seem as one abandoned. He .fasted that he 
might give Satan both occasion and advantage against 
him and so make his victory over him the more 

Man lives not by bread alone but by occasional fast- 
ing. "' My meat is todo the will of him that sent me 
and to accomplish his work." 

Paul fasted during his conviction, because his mind 
and soul were so wrought upon that he cared not to 
give his body any thought. He was very desirous to 
know the will of the Lord, and his mind was so com- 
pletely given up to thinking and meditating and pray- 
ing that he took no food or drink for three days. He 
could think and pray and decide better when the 
physical powers were at rest and in subjection to the 
spirit. The spiritual powers were disturbed and con- 
victed, and on the point of deciding. 

This example of Paul is exemplified, again and 
again, in the lives of people today, who, when wrought 
upon by the convicting power of the Holy Spirit, can 
neither eat nor sleep. Hunger is gone, all because of 
their consciousness of a sinful life. 

Fasting, then, is the thing to do, accompanied by 
earnest prayer. Such seeking will result in nothing 
less than a true, whole-hearted gospel conversion. 
There ought to be more such conversions and forsak- 
ing of sin in the lives of sinners and backsliders. - 

Peter was hungry when the Lord appeared to him 
in a vision. We are not apt to have visions in times 
of pleasure and feasting. The Lord could not have 
appealed to Peter's mind so well, had the natural 
appetite been fully satisfied. 

When any important work was to be done by Paul 
or the other apostles, it was preceded by prayer and 
fasting. Before the first missionaries were sent out, 
" they ministered to the Lord, and fasted." Then the 
Holy Spirit made plain to them who was to be sent. 
No mistake was made. Could^not the Holy Spirit do 
for us the same thing? Why do we not do as the 
primitive Christians in this respect? 

Daniel fasted three weeks, after which he received 
a full understanding of the vision given him. All the 
great characters in the Bible were men and women 
who observed fasting and prayer, and we see the 
wonderful power they had with God in the spirit 
r ealm. 

Fasting will give us more power over our own lives, 
in times of subtle and strong temptations, more power 
with God in moving him to answer our prayers, more 
power in delivering the messages of heaven to people 
on earth, more power in deciding perplexing questions 
and obstacles which confront us in life, and more 
power in going forth, filling responsible positions for 
Christ and the church. 

Fasting is not observed now as it was in ancient 
times, yet God's faithful few observe it, and they alone 
know its benefits, blessings and rewards. 
Union, Ohio. 

A Triple Key. 


There is a maxim that runs like this, " Practice 
makes perfect." Now this is true only in part, for 
there are very many people who practice and yet do 
not progress. There are people who have been practic- 
ing the use of the English language for forty years, in 
adult life, and their diction is no better at the expira- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

tion of the forty years than it was forty years ago, 
so that practice has not made perfect with such. 

The new version of the maxim may be enunciated 
thus: Practice, under a critical and purposeful attitude 
of mind, tends to perfection : and no doubt this was the 
sense in which the statement was first given out with 
power. So that, after all, the maxim, " We learn to do 
by doing," has very much merit ; but let us understand 
it in the light of the foregoing interpretations. 

According to John 7: 17. " If any man will do his 
will he shall know," we find that doing unlocks the 
mysteries and beauties of the gospel. Again, according 
to John 13 : 17, " If ye know these things, happy are ye 
if ye do them," the same idea,—" If ye do them,"— is 
stiil indicated, and in addition, a step in advance is 
made. Happiness is here given as the logical, the 
Scriptural, and the necessary result of knowingly fol- 
lowing the example and precepts of Jesus. Hence, 
doing not only unlocks the mysteries of grace, but also 
brings to the individual that marvelous and universal 
desire of the human mind, — happiness. 

According to Acts 1:8," Ye shall receive power 
after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you," we find 
that the Holy Ghost is the agency of power. Luke 
11: 13 says, "How much more shall your heavenly 
Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?" 
Hence, the Holy Spirit may be had for the asking, — 
for the working if you please,— the work of surrender 
to God's will and guidance. The work of yielding is 
to do the work of the Master ; so, in this sense, work is 
the agency of power, and this is in full accord with the 
pedagogic and philosophic principle that exercise is the 
great law of development. Hence, with these three 
golden keys, we have opened to us three great store- 
houses, — the storehouse of knowledge, the storehouse 
of happiness, and the storehouse of power. Or it may 
be put on this wise, doing,— sincere doing, purposeful 
doing, persistent doing, — is the one key that opens to 
us the beauties, the mysteries, the transcendent glories 
of truth, of joy, and of power. 

The life of Jesus was the life of doing. " He went 
about doing good." He said, " My Father worketh 
hitherto and I work." He said, " My meat is to do the 
will of him that sent me." Jesus was a worker, and 
the system of truth, presented by him, is a working- 
system. Work, blessed work, work, necessary work, is 
honorable and of the most exalted character. It makes 
but little or no difference what true or honest business 
one may be following, the honor does not belong to 
the profession, but it belongs to the manner in which 
we fill our respective vocations in life; therefore the 
poet wisely and beautifully says, 

" Honor and shame from no condition rise, 
Act well your part, there all the honor lies." 

And Jesus tells us, through the beloved John, 
" Blessed are they that do his commandments that they 
may have right to the tree of life and enter in through 
the gates into the city." 

Christianity is distinctively a system of faith. But 
by full obedience it tends to become a system of con- 
sciousness and knowledge. Christianity is an art, 
rather than a science. Art is the application of 

Jesus was and is the finest of the fine artists. He 
says, " Follow me." " To obey is better than sacrifice ; 
and obedience is better than the fat of rams." Do ! 
" Be ye doers of the Word." In doing, faith blossoms 
into knowledge. In doing, knowledge blossoms into 
happiness. In doing, happiness blossoms into power. 
Do and live ! Live and do ! 

Nokesz'ille, Va. 

What We Have Seen. 


The manners and conduct of officials and others 
in the church are so often detrimental to her best 
interests, that the subject merits special thought. 

Since God has a method of life for us, by which we 
are to live and carry out his purpose in us, we should 
all be concerned about the best interests of the church. 
It is well to consider, for a moment, what we mean by 
the "best interests of the church." 

This happy state is attained when only such things 
are found within (whatever may oppose her from with- 

out) as tend to her growth, not in numbers only, but 
spiritually, more especially. When the Holy Spirit can 
have his full indwelling in the heart of each church 
member, then only canthe best interests of the church 
be subserved, and souls be won to a consecrated serv- 
ice. Whatever, then, hinders the Spirit's perfect con- 
trol of the heart of each church member, is detrimental 
to the best interests of the church. 

To point out faults in actual church life is never 
pleasant. We hope, however, that the pointing out of 
these dark spots in church life will be received grate- 
fully. In journeying over a rough pathway we may « 
well receive a friend's warnings concerning places of 
danger that our unwary feet must avoid if we would 
journey safely, and direct others along the same path. 
Our conduct involves individual responsibility, and 
as human nature easily glides into pride and self-suffi- 
ciency, we need to be constantly reminded of its perils. 
Among officials there sometimes is an evidence of 
lordship, making its appearance in council meetings. 
They declare their ideas boldly, and demand respect, 
thereby endeavoring to coerce the more humble. In 
that way such leaders are not ensamples to the flock, 
as the apostle said they should be in 1 Peter 5 : 3. 

In one of the late Messengers the reason is given 
why mission efforts are not more widely distributed 
and extended. It is ascribed to a lack of consecrated 

Some few ministers get in the habit of using slang 
expressions when preaching. They aim to emphasize 
the point made, and yet the practice has a blighting 
effect and hinders the Spirit's power. Others, while ex- 
plaining the Scriptures, resort to explanations and 
illustrations that cause levity, thus destroying the sol- 
emnity of the occasion and the good points made. 

Some ministers, when their turn comes to preach, 
indicate by their actions that they do so very reluctant- 
ly. They need not wonder if the congregation is in- 
clined to listen in the same way. 

Sometimes the audience almost gets the impression 
that the gospd story is not " glad tidings of salvation," 
when there is a row of ministers back of the pulpit, all 
urging each other to do the preaching. (This is true 
of love feast occasions especially.) 

Occasionally prayers in public are too lengthy. A 
mission worker one time said, " When public prayers 
are so long, there is an indication of a lack of closet 
prayer." Then, too, there sometimes is too much 
formality in prayer, repeating almost verbatim the 
same words each time. This shows a lack of true, inti- 
mate communion with God. 

Whispering during prayer should not be engaged in. 
Along this line there is room for much improvement. 

Some members are inclined to spend the entire time 
of six days in the week in their temporal affairs. They 
are too -busy to do any church work during the week. 
In Matt. 6 : 33 we read, " Seek ye first the kingdom of 
God and his righteousness, and all these things shall 
be added unto you." 

Then, too, we should be just as kind and sociable 
in our homes as when abroad. We should be as reli- 
gious on weekdays as we are on Sundays. " Let your 
moderation be known unto all men," the Bible says. 

Unbecoming talk in social life, such as jesting, fool- 
ish expressions, or speaking unchastely, is not to be 
countenanced. Even listening and smiling at such as 
are guilty of this sin is very detrimental. Paul says, 
in Eph. 5 : 3, 4, that these things are " not convenient 
as becometh saints." 

Then there is the habit of entertaining and visiting 
mostly among the well-to-do and worldly, rather than 
among the poor and needy. In Luke we are told to 
invite the poor and needy. 

Sisters sometimes remain home from church, so as 
to be able to furnish fine meals to guests, thus missing 
the spiritual blessing at the sanctuary. Others stay 
outside the church until Sunday school is over and 
then file in for church services, forgetting that the Sun- 
day school is an important factor in clmrch work. 

Some members have the habit of speaking of self in 
a self-exalting way, not esteeming others better than 
themselves, as admonished in Philpp. 2: 3. 

Standing or sitting around on street corners, in 
stores or shops, engaging in light-minded talk, should 

never be engaged in by any Christian professor, and 
will not be if the Holy Spirit has his full sway. 

Brethren sometimes enter bar-rooms, and even take 
a drink, claiming it does not hurt them. Granting it 
does not, would not their influence be a bad one, and 
might it not, possibly, cause a soul's destruction? 

Among other detrimental things we might mention 
the habit of using tobacco or chewing-gum, of going to 
church only when a favorite minister preaches, and 
of members speaking evil of one another. 

Some parents make the mistake of speaking about 
.the faults of church-members before their children. 
Need the parents wonder that the children, on growing 
to maturity, seek another church home? 

No other parental duty needs to be guarded more 
carefully than the correct training of our youth. Up- 
on this depends the future of our church and of our 
country. Why should not parents be perfectly frank 
and confidential with their children? Some parents 
raise their children in luxury, adorning them from in- 
fancy in fashionable and gay clothing, never teaching 
them the distinctive doctrines of the church. Finally 
these children are lost to' the church. If they do get 
in they are not loyal members. 

Among the young people of the church there is too 
much inclination of drifting worldward in manner of 
life, associations and adornment. Some one has said, ■ 
" Dress is an expression of the inner man." Another 
has said, " Modest apparel, or plainness of dress, is 
not the chief end of our efforts. When once the desire 
for heavenly citizenship is acquired, the desire for 
bodily adornment will vanish." 

We need a greater force, of consistent, active work- 
ers. For these the cause is suffering. Profitably we 
may ask ourselves the question, "What kind of a 
church would my church 'be, if every member were 
just like me?" 

Palmyra, Pa. —»-* 

The Shepherd's Care. 


In the eastern country where shepherds may yet 
be found and where Jesus found the setting for his 
teaching on the Good Shepherd, the position is a re- 
sponsible one. The shepherd often is not the owner 
of the sheep. The owner, however, wants his floek 
well cared for. In his sight the sheep are valuable 
and he does not wish to have any destroyed nor does 
he desire them to stray away. He, therefore, looks 
around for a reliable person to care for the flock. 
Having found such a one, he entrusts the sheep into 
his care. He expects faithful shepherding. 

The Word speaks of the shepherd of God's flock in 
no uncertain sound. He is told to feed the lambs, to 
feed the sheep, to shepherd the sheep. To do this, the 
shepherd must understand the nature and needs of 
the lambs and sheep. He must, furthermore, know 
the kinds of feed. But this is not all. He must 
shepherd them, and look after their welfare. The 
spiritual shepherd, or pastor, may be over-anxious 
about the feeding, and forget some other very impor- 
tant matters. He may be spending all his time in get- 
ting feed ready, and, before he is aware, wolves may 
enter the flock and scatter it. Then, again, he may be 
trying to improve the fold. God did not command this. 
He has built the fold and provided the door, and ex- 
pects us to be satisfied with it. 

There are those who strive to make a door of their 
own into the fold, — to construct a doctrine of salva- 
tion without very much Oirist in it. This they can- 
not do. The best they can do is to make a side or 
rear entrance, fit only for thieves and robbers. But 
some ministers, so-called, would force even the ram- 
parts of heaven with their own preconceived andcon- 
ceited ideas of salvation. There are side and rear 
doors to saloons and gambling dens, but never to the 
kingdom of heaven. " I am the door," says Jesus, " no 
man cometh to the Father but by me." 

While the shepherd's time is taken up with the 
cutting and preparing of the finest feed, or with vain 
speculations concerning an easier way into the fold, 
the sheep are straying. Then the wolf may enter, 
tearing some and scattering others, and too late the 
shepherd may wake up to find that he is just a hireling, 
after all. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

Ministers and pastors need to look well after the 
flock. The little ones need much care and encourage- 
ment. Some must be almost carried. They must have 
protection, help, encouragement, guidance. Some 
older ones, too, need much of the same care. 

Let us not grow weary! May each shepherd gladly 
obey the full command, — " Feed my lambs, feed my 
sheep, shepherd my sheep!" Let them not forget the 
noble work of caring for the Lord's very own, for 
whom he has given his life I 

Bat avid, III. 

shall get out of it, but what we may put into it ; not in 
the language of Peter, " What shall we have there- 
fore? " but in the language of John, " Now arc we the 
sons of God, . . . and it doth not yet appear what 
we shall be." Not, What will it cost? but, Will it do 
what it proposes to do? Not, What do its devotees re- 
ceive? but, What do they become? Not, Who shall 
minister to us? — 'but, What will be the opportunity to 
minister? " Even as Christ came not to be ministered 
unto but to minister and to give his life a ransom for 

The Incentive to Christian Service. 

"Even as the Son of Man came not to be ministered 
unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for 
many." Matt. 20: 28. 

Why be a Christian? What is the motive that 
prompted you to enter the service of Jesus Christ? 
The character of your service is to be largely deter- 
mined by your answer to these questions. The motives 
that actuate men to profess Christianity are varied. 
Some are absolutely unworthy of mention, in connec- 
tion with such a noble and holy calling. Others may 
have merit to a degree, but we should be able to deter- 
mine what is the most excellent motive to real Chris- 
tian service. There is a great difference, though it is 
often overlooked, between merely joining the church, 
and being a real Christian. 

Some profess Christianity for social reasons. " You 

must join our church; everybody in G belongs to 

the church. You will not be admitted into the best 
society, in this community, unless you join the church." 
This, together with every motive that is of a selfish 
and material nature, may be classed among the lowest 
incentives to Christian service. Among this class are 
those who join the church for business interests. It is 
a fact that two- ministers of the Gospel ( ?) approached 
a young physician, and each advised joining the church 
as a means of establishing a practice in the community : 
the one because their congregation was the larger; 
the other because their congregation was the richer 
of the two. The circumstance only indicates how wide- 
spread is this motive, and the deplorable lack of appre- 
ciation of their high calling by these ministers. 

Fear is a motive that is very common and may, per- 
haps, be better than these first mentioned, but it is 
very inadequate, and when the object of fear is out of 
mind, the life is quite likely to manifest the old spirit 
of carelessness. Illustrations of the results of this mo- 
tive are not wanting to the observing in any commun- 
ity. The unhappy sequels of the deatrnbed repentance, 
in which the sick penitent recovered, are of only too 
frequent occurrence. 

Many become Christians because of what they ex- 
pect to receive. Although we are promised much, and 
actually do receive more than we expected to. this sup- 
plies still a lower motive than we can afford to en- 
tertain. While the Holy Spirit, through the Word, 
commends Moses for having respect to the recompense 
of reward, we observe, in Moses' life, not the careless 
receiving of blessings, but a thorough losing of self in 
becoming a blessing to Israel. And Moses' invitation 
to his father-in-law contains the elements of every in- 
vitation to salvation and service in Christ Jesus. The 
invitation, "Come thou with us and we wilFdo thee 
good; for Jehovah hath spoken good concerning 
Israel," was not spoken without the added statement 
that Hobab would be expected to place all his natural 
ability at the disposal of Israel in the wilderness jour- 
ney. Without ignoring the benefits accruing to the 
Christian, in the very nature of the life he leads, he 
who is satisfied with the prospect of benefit as a motive 
for entering the Christian service, is actuated by a mo- 
tive that is unworthy of the high calling. 

Other motives might be discussed, but to my mind. 
the highest conception of life in Christ Jesus" is to be 
found in Jehovah's promise to Abraham, that in for- 
saking his land and kindred at Jehovah's request he 
should not alone be blessed, but he should be a blessing 
to the world. That is, God would make him a chan- 
nel through which he would enrich the world and bring 
to them higher conceptions of God and of life. Thus, 
the highest motive to Christian service is not what we 

One young man is reported as saying that he was 
glad to be a member of the Church of the Brethren 
because it cost but a dollar and a half a year. He 
doubtless received the benefits he deserved, but it is 
scarcely necessary to add that such a conception carries 
with it very meagre development of real Christian 
character. Gratitude will find a way to express itself, 
even as those women who followed Jesus with the 
twelve rejoiced in their ability to minister to him of 
their substance. And every such circumstance should 
be accompanied by the statement, " For value re- 
ceived." For the value to them, of their freedom from 
the evil spirits, was worth more than all the material 
things of earth. Not what we receive from Christ but 
what we do for him, is the measure of our privilege. 

The motive worth while, then, and the one that 
offers the most in enjoyment and development is the 
motive that enquires, What is the goal of the Christian 
life? May I, by submission to its demands, realize the 
fullest development possible here on earth? Does it 
foster and" develop those tendencies that permit us to 
become, in the highest sense, what God promised Abra- 
ham — a blessing to the world? If we can assure our- 
selves that we may, indeed, expect such recompense of 
reward, it should present to us the strongest possible 
incentive to accept Jesus Christ and enter into our 
heritage. Any motive that does not eventually lead to 
this conception of the Christian service is beneath the 
dignity of sons of God. 
Lamed, Kansas. 

waiting, to be taken in hand and pushed forward to 

It is the great opportunity of the church. It is well 
enough to give a warning of the dangers that beset the 
church, lest she, too, lose her first love, but, at the 
same time, we should double our diligence, and move 
on and gather the crop ripening for the harvest. De- 
lays are dangerous. Opportunities pass often more 
rapidly than we imagine. The night may come un- 
awares, when there will be no more time to work. 

Pasadena, Cal. 

The Brethren's Opportunity. 


I have, during the past fifty years, been well ac- 
quainted with the Brethren church in her efforts to 
enlarge the borders of Zion and push on the Master's 
cause. In all of my experiences, during this period, I 
can recall no time when the opportunity for success 
seemed so propitious as at the present time. Popular 
Christianity seems to be, in a great measure, losing its 
influence over a large mass of humanity, especially over 
the conservative, honestrthinking people, who are 
religiously inclined. The worldliness of professors, and 
the merchandise that is being made of holy things, is 
causing many to become disgusted with the trend of 
professed Christianity. Many of the most prominent 
leaders in the churches, even, are becoming alarmed at 
the condition of things, and are looking about for a 
return to more consistent efforts in teaching a pure 
Gospel. But a minority seem to be powerless to stem 
the great throng that is sweeping onward under false 
colors. The strenuous age of commercialism seems to 
be so full of love for wealth and power that, to check 
up the waning power of love for the simplicity of 
Gospel truth, seems well nigh impossible. 

This period of much confusion and loss of confidence 
suggests that now is the time for the Brethren to make 
greater efforts to proclaim a true Gospel to the world. 
It is their favorable opportunity. The simple faith of 
the Master has redeeming qualities about it, and, when 
preached and practically carried out in the lives of 
God's people, has wonderful power. It is today as 
truly the "power of God unto salvation " as it ever 
was. Intelligent people, everywhere, are hungering 
for a satisfying Gospel and, when properly presented 
to them, it will find responsive ears and hearts to hear 
and accept. The doctrine of our Brotherhood, every- 
where, is being presented with a greater degree of 
spirituality than ever before. There is seemingly more 
life and energy in it. May new energy come into every 
coworker with God, in the great conflict, and may we 
push the work as never before ! Every member should 
awake to the wonderful opportunities that are but 

Conversion — What Is It, What Does It 


My theme is one of deep significance. It bespeaks 
soul security under the auspices of the triune powers, — 
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. It comprises, within its- 
scope of transformation, the new birth, which signi- 
fies to " be born of God." It means that man is to be 
revolutionized by grace, through which process is 
effected a restoration of one's lost powers by sin, and 
a redemption of the normal, spiritual nature, origin- 
ally transmitted by the Creator to his offspring. It en- 
tirely changes the course of life. It evinces the resur- 
rection power from the death of sin, the result of 
which is a " new creature," formed to rise to a higher 
plane of life within a new environment. The " old 
man is crucified " and the Adamic nature is subdued. 
This is a mysterious product " of the incorruptible seed 
of the Word of God, which liveth and abideth forever." 
Hence the genuine Word must be preached, not fables 
or amusing anecdotes, which is a mania of the age, and 
produces its own fruitage, — not strong and healthful 
converts, but weaklings. The Bible injunction i-, 
" Preach the Word!" It is the only medium through 
which God redeems a fallen world. It is just as need- 
ful that the Word be preached, as for the sun to shine. 
The orb of day never tires of bis diurnal task, emit- 
ting his effulgent rays through boundless space. Wars 
and commotions may rage ou earth, battle-fields may 
be drenched with human blood, the earth may heave 
in convulsions, but the luminary in the heavens fails 
not in his mission to shine. 

So must God's pure Word be preached " in season 
and out of season," till a lost and wandering race will 
have been permeated by its saving power, and made 
susceptible to its attractive influence. Conversion com- 
prises, (I), Faith, — heaven's support in the sinner's 
rise from the wreck of sin; (2), conviction; (3), re- 
pentance; (4), Christian baptism; (5), the fortifying 
power, the gift of the Holy Spirit, to guide and com- 
fort, and effect the consummate growth of the con- 
verted one. 

A plain, scriptural example of genuine conversion is 
Saul of Tarsus. There was a votary of a select type 
of self-righteousness, with scholarly attainments, a 
member of a high-toned group of sanctimonious bear- 
ing. Persecuting the despised sect of the Nazarenes, 
and pursuing them in his religious frenzy, he deter- 
mined to exterminate them from the earth. 

While, in his blind fury, he was thus engaged. Christ 
apprehends him. He is felled by the power of his 
Word. Conviction goads at the sight of his majesty. 
His erroneous life of false zeal and spurious righteous- 
ness confronts him, and he collapses in the dismal hour 
of contrition. His sinful career looms up in hideous 
aspect, and he pleads, amid penitential gloom, for for- 
giving grace. Who can realize the death pangs of the 
painful ordeal, which finally resulted in the heavenly 
birth, and his induction into the higher life and the 
Christian type of righteousness? His death to sin 
caused him to enter into the baptismal grave to " arise 
to newness of life." His new environment was in " the 
divine nature," and in the Nazarene fellowship, — a 
complete change and turning about of his life. This 
demonstrates conversion and the fruitage it brings. 
Man's part in conversion is plain'and simple, but the 
operation of God's power is beyond human comprehen- 
sion. It is equivalent to the resurrection power that 
will some day touch the moldering clay and bring forth 
new life. 
South Bend, Ind. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 


A Look at the Last Standing Committee. 


It has been my fortune to have come in personal 
touch with most of the prominent members of the 
Standing Committees who have served during the last 
seventy years. Many of those who served in the fifth, 
sixth and seventh decades of the nineteenth century, 
came to the old Bear Creek church, near Dayton, and 
dined at my father's table, and the later decades have 
brought me in touch with them at our Annual Confer- 

The last committee was the first on record in which 
the majority of its members were new, or served for 
the first time. However, the " Father of the Com- 
mittee." Bro. Hays, had served a number of times for 
twenty-eight years, and several others had quite an ex- 
perience. They were deliberative, conservative, and 
judicious in their work. True, some of their work 
needed amendment, but such has been the history of 
all Standing Committees. 

The officers were comparatively new men. The Sec- 
retary, Bro. Crosswhite, served as secretary at the 
Tennessee Conference, in 1905. His interesting con- 
tributions, for our various periodicals, have made his 
name and pen familiar to the Brotherhood. The read- 
ing clerk, Bro/Lentz, impressed his personality, dis- 
cretion and ability on several Standing Committees, 
commencing with the Manchester Conference in 1900. 
The moderator, Bro. Garver, dates his Committee 
experience from the Carthage Conference. (It seems as 
if it were but yesterday that I saw him smile in his 
little crib.) He was able to direct the Conference with 
the highest type of ethical and parliamentary wisdom. 
A few times when the Conference (as it usually does) 
was drifting, or running, into confusion, on matters 
incidental and nonessential, he had the rare discretion 
to wait until he could see his way clear. Then he led 
them out of the dilemma as kindly and coolly as if noth- 
ing had happened. The committee was worthy of the 

Dayton, Ohio. 

■ • ■ 

The Old and the New. 


Which is the better, the old or the new? Some 
people think that the best of everything is in the past, 
— that nothing is so good in these days, — that nothing 
new can be introduced into the church, because it is 
new, — that the old way must be right, because it comes 
from the fathers. 

On the other hand, there are some people that are 
ever seeking the new. For them, everything old is 
stale, slow, behind the times. Nothing is good unless 
it is up-to-date. The old beliefs and practices of the 
church must be wrong because they are so old. They 
must live in the twentieth century or not at all. 

Now tell me, will you, which one is right? Why, 
neither is right ; they are both entirely wrong. Age is 
no test of worthiness. Our fathers were strong in 
character, sound in virtue, possessed of excellent wis- 
dom, but they were not in all things perfect. They did 
not possess all wisdom, even as we do not. They had 
their own weaknesses, even as we have ours. On the 
other hand, a lot of the " up-to-date " practices are 
very bad indeed. I am sure that we are making great 
progress along several good lines, are far ahead of our 
fathers in some things, but in others we need to re- 
trace our steps. Np, we cannot say that any custom 
or practice is good because it is new, or because it is 
old. We must consider its merits. I am convinced 
that we must be always careful to avoid these two ex- 
tremes, — holding on to the evil because it has been 
long established, and grasping for other evils because 
they are up-to-date. 

3435 W- V Qn Buren Street, Chicago. 

suited to the preamble of God's special providence and 
blessings, which fail to find expression in empty words : 

1. To hear nothing, purposely, that will cause me to 
sin ; or, if repeated, will damage some one else. 

2. To think nothing that will be unsafe, if developed 
into action. 

3. To see nothing that I would be ashamed to have 
eternalIy,photographed upon the memory. 

4. To taste nothing that the Bible or common sense 

5. To undertake nothing upon which I cannot ask 
God's blessing. 

6. To surrender nothing but what rightly belongs to 

7. To forget the smallest as well as the greatest 
favors which I have conferred upon my fellow-men. 

8. To forgive an injury as near like God does as I 
know how. 

9. To cheerfully accept every task that God gives 

10. To remember that I am a citizen of. two worlds. 

11. To share my brother's load, lest he perish and I 
be required to carry all the burden. 

12. To learn from observation that my death will 
not stop the clock's pendulum. 

13. To justly consider that no one is worth more 
than the market value. 

14. To be regularly at church services, on time, and 
ready for my part. 

15. To give to the Lord's cause according to the 
Bible recipe. 

16. To do unto others as I would have them do unto 

Flora, Ind. 

In thinking this over, the thought came to me, 
Can it be that there are people like that? They pick 
and pick at what they think are faults in other peo- 
ple, but which, in reality, is only their own reflec- 
tion. They make a bad mess of it in the church, and 
sorely try the patience of the housekeeper. 

Let us learn a lesson from the foolish little spar- 

Dahanu, India. 

New Year Resolutions. 


Among the many, many thoughts that present them- 
selves for careful consideration, at the close of the 
year, we find the following, and submit them as best 

Is Home Teaching Neglected? 


There is no training that can take the place of the 
home training, and there is no time so auspicious as the 
early years of the child-life. This, in connection with 
the fact that no teaching is so effective as the parental 
teaching, makes the early years of the child of untold 
importance. The prophets, the Savior, and the apos- 
tles, emphasize the need of careful and faithful teach- 
ing in early years. 

If the parent neglects this opportune time for in- 
stilling right principles in the mind, and directing the 
child in the way he should go, it can never afterward 
be fully supplied. No days can take the place of child- 
hood days. The question of serious moment is, wheth- 
er we are not losing along this line, — whether parents 
do not hide too much behind the Sunday school and 
the other services of the church. If it is true, as many 
claim, that we are losing a larger proportion of our 
children to the church than in former years, it should 
awaken every parent to a consciousness of his duty. 
It is alarming how many of our children are lost to the 
church. In almost every city of our land are scores 
of our Brethren's children, who are either identified 
with some other religious organization, or are so 
wrapped up in their environments, that they seem be- 
yond our reach. We need more parents with a deep 
consciousness of their opportunity and a willingness to 
do their duty. 

Not only can the piety and spirituality be raised and 
enlarged, but it is possible that we, as parents, can 
plant in the young minds of our children, the doctrines 
of the Bible and the distinctive features of our church, 
so that, when they leave the parental roof, they will not 
be lost to the church. Shall we do it? 

Rockford, III. 

■ ♦ ■ 

A Foolish Sparrow. 


Not long since, while spending some days at Bulsar, 
a sparrow came into the room every day, — some- 
times a dozen times a day. And what do you think 
he did? A mirror sat on the table. The sparrow 
would go to this mirror and fight with what he im- 
agined to be another sparrow, but, in reality, was 
only his own reflection. Over and over again he 
did it every day, and would keep at it until he was 
tired out, the table and glass all soiled and the 
patience of the mistress of the room sorely tried. 

Too Much for Him. 


I cannot now give the preacher's name, but some- 
body kept handing in questions on doctrinal points 
which annoyed him. He made some inquiry as to who 
was handing in these papers, and was informed that it 
was the " Dunkers." "Well," he said, "we can do 
nothing with them. They are like a porcupine,— it 
matters not where you touch them, there is a quill that 
will prick you." True, where the Bible lessons are cor- 
rectly put before the people they feel the sharp points. 
But they do as is stated in Ezek. 33:31. God bless 
the Messenger family and all who work to the glory 
of God! 


For Sunday Evening, January 9, 1910. 


Matt. 5: 14-16; Isa. 42: 5-7; Eph. 5: 6, 7, 8, 11. 

(Let three workers read the passages given.) 
Motto.— Luke 12: 35. Song No. 423. 
Matt. 5: 14-16. 

" I. Light-bearers. V. 14; Prov. 4: 18; Isa. 60: 3; Acts 13: 
47; Eph. 5: 8; Philpp. 2: 15; 1 Thess. 5: 5; Dan. 12: 3; 
Acts 6: 15. 
II. The Light. John 8: 12; Isa. 9: 2; 42: 6; Matt. 4: 16; 
John 1: 4, 9; 12: 35, 46; 2 Cor. 4: 6; Eph. 5: 14; Rev. 
21: 23. 

III. The field to be lighted. Matt. 13: 38; 24: 14; 28: 19; 
Mark 16: 15; Luke 24: 47; Psa. 22: 27; Isa. 2: 2, 3. 

IV. The message. V. 16; Matt. 4: 17; 10: 7; Luke 10: 
9; Acts 2: 38; 5: 42; Rom. 1: 15, 16; 1 Cor. 1: 23; 2 
Cor. 5: 20; 2 Tim. 4: 1, 2. 

(Let a two-minute speech be given on each of the four 

Give a three-minute speech on Joseph, Daniel and Steph- 
en as heroic light-bearers; and name others — both men 
and women, who were courageous light-bearers. 

Pray for yourself that you may be shown your duty 
and be made willing to do it. Pray for your Christian 
Workers' Society and for our own church that they may 
each take up their share of the work of light-bearing in 
this new year. 


For "Week Beginning January 9, 1910. 

"Watch Ye, Stand Fast in the Faith." 

1 Cor. 16: 13. 

1. A Faith that Never Fails. — Faith is the living prin- 
ciple of Christian conduct. "We walk by faith" (2 
Cor. 5: 7); we "stand" by faith (2 Cor. 1: 24); we "fight 
the good fight of faith" (1 Tim. 6: 12); we resist the devil 
(1 Peter 5: 9); we overcome the world by faith (1 John 
5: 4). 

2. Absolute Security of the Faithful. — "The law of the 
Lord is in his heart; none of his steps shall slip" (Psa. 
37: 31). We must not forget, however, that the man of 
God has no business to travel on the broad road of world- 
Hness. That is a place of danger against which there is 
no assurance (1 John 2: 15-17). 

3. A Prayer that Grips. — " When I said, My foot slip- 
peth, thy mercy, O Lord, held me up" (Psa. 94: 18). 
"The Spirit helpeth our infirmities" (Rom. 8: 28), giv- 
ing the believer the strength that never fails. 

4. A Keeping Power. — " Because he is at my right hand 
I shall not be moved" (Psa. 16: 8). The Lord keeps his 
people as a watchful shepherd keeps his flock (Jer. 31: 
10). It is important that a keeper should be strong (2 
Tim. 1: 12). God's people are assured that he is "able 
to keep them." "He will keep the feet of his saints" (1 
Sam. 2: 9). 

5. An Impregnable Position. — "They that trust in the 
Lord are as Mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but 
abideth forever" (Psa. 125: 1, R. V.). Trusting the Lord 
with all the heart (Prov. 3: 5), while diligently engaged 
in "doing good" (Psa. 37: 3), with strong faith and fix- 
edness of heart (Psa. 112: 7), he will give us absolute as- 
surance of victory through him who loved us and gave 
himself for us (1 John 5: 4). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 



The Message of the New Year. 

I asked the New Year for some motto sweet. 
Some rule of life with which to guide my feet. 
I asked and paused; he answered, soft and low; 
" God's will to know." 

"Will knowledge, then, suffice, New Year?" I cried, 
And ere the question into silence died 
The answer came: " Nay; but remember, too, 
God's will to do." 

Once more I asked; "Is there no room to tell?" 
And once again the answer softly fell: 
"Yes; this one thing, all other things above, 
God's will to love." 



The River of Yesterday. 

" O River of Yesterday, with current swift 
Through chasms descending, and soon 

I do not care to follow in their flight 
The faded leaves that on thy bosom drift." 

We speak of gliding along the river of time, as if it 
were an easy matter to float with the current and enjoy 
the bright sunshine, smooth sailing, and fair skies. 
But with the end of the year come sober reflections, — 
we have seen much, and learned much in the cold days 
of winter, as well as in the long warm summer days. 
And on this last evening of the old year we do not 
want to go back, — we would rather face the new, un- 
known year than begin and live over again the year of 
1909. We are willing to let go of the past; it is gone, 
and we do not care for even the faded leaves which 
drift aimlessly on the river of yesterday. We are done 
with the past year, arid we believe that the coming 
year has more of good and blessing for us than any 
year has yet had. 

While the old year is dying, we ask ourselves, " What 
is the swift current bearing away from us ? " Swirling 
and eddying with the stream I see a vain regret for a 
time and pleasure vanished, which can never again be 
lived over. Why wish it back? It would not be the 
same. Let it go, and open your eyes to the pleasures 
and blessings of today. An old grudge is being swept 
out of sight. You held it a long while as if it were 
a precious possession. You look after it now as if you 
were not quite ready to give it up. Let it go down the 
stream. Disown it, forget it! 

Let the sorrow, sin and folly of the old year be 
carried away on the turbulent tide of the River of 
Yesterday. What of some rich treasures that are being 
borne out of your sight, away from your grasp ? Let 
them go too. In the year that is before you there are 
richer treasures than you ever saw in the old ; rest as- 
sured that the future will bring greater rewards than 
any the past offered you. The world is improving and 
the coming year will be better than the last. The past 
is not worth one today. Let the river mercifully bear 
away your useless regrets for deeds which you cannot 
undo ! Forget the old things which would hinder you 
and make you happy, — old things which embitter 
your life. If you can make amends, by all means do so, 
but if that is not possible, do not spend any more time 
in useless regrets. Let us read again the words of 
Paul, " This one thing I do, forgetting those things 
which are behind." To us it seems strange that Paul 
found it necessary to let go of the past; but in the 
pressing forward toward the prize he did forget the 
things which w'ere in the past. 

On that Passover night, when the Israelites, with 
loins girded and shoes on their feet, definitely decided 
to leave Egypt, their deliverance may be said to have 
been virtually wrought. They had broken with their 
past and set their faces toward a new life. But they 
were not ready for Canaan yet, — God had much to 
teach them, and years of waiting and suffering, the 
long and weary marches, the hunger and thirst of the 
desert, all lay between them and the Promised Land. 
We are not ready for the many mansions, although our 
Father, with infinite love and care, lias prepared a 
place for us. We are getting ready, and that is. just 
what life means. Jesus said, " I am come that they 

the coming year. Then it will prove a blessing, to our- 
selves first, and also to others. If we live only for self, 
we take everything in and give nothing out, — a nar- 
row, hungry, famished life. In its chemical analysis a 
selfish life " is self being consumed in the fire of self," 
In the coming year God wants you and me to live 
abundantly, — that we make the waste places about us 
as a garden of Paradise, and the desert to blossom as 
a rose. No one ever attains beauty and nobleness of 
character save through long and sore struggle. Thus 
we are made more patient in adversity, and endure suf- 
fering meekly. If defeated, we shall begin again, rally 
our forces, and with God's help live closer to the cross. 
What about the aged ones or even those who are fac- 
ing life's west windows, who have weathered the hard- 
est storms of life? What is there to regret? The new 
year has a message of hope for them also. As the 
lapsing years calm the turbulent spirit, and there is 
peace where formerly there was struggle, it is joy to 
rest content in the promise that there shall be a sunset 
light thrown upon the path at eventide. Few old peo- 
ple are anxious to live life over, even though they have 
failed to realize their ambitions or make their dreams 
come true. The most of us are glad to welcome a new 
year with all its uncertainties, its fears ; it is the mys- 
tery of the unknown that fascinates us. We are ready 
to trust our Leader. He has brought us safely thus far ; 
why should we fear? Old people know in whom they 
have believed. Jesus is more precious today than he 
was in their early years. They have more time to think 
of his goodness, and the memory of past blessings be- 
comes a joy and comfort. As they face the setting sun 
of life, we should be more tender and thoughtful in 
our care of them. 

" They stand at life's west windows, 
And we know they would not again 
Look forth from the eastern lattice, 
And live over all life's pain; 
Though life's sunrise be brilliant, its sunset is sweet, 
Since it brings longed-for rest to their weary feet." 
The old year has gone where all others have 'gone 
before. While we sit in the firelight and see pictures of 
the past as they rise and take form in the embers, it 
is hard to resist a feeling of sadness as your thought-; 
fly to a home made desolate by the messenger whose 
summons no one yet has disregarded. How lonely 
they are tonight ! The waves of the River of Yester- 
day roll on against the crumbling shores of time, while 
the moaning wind chants the dead year's dirge. We 
cannot understand why it is that one who began the 
year with us is not here tonight. For him, time is no 
more. Why are young children taken before they 
know what life is? 

Sometimes mothers, who are weary of the strife and 
burden, say, " I am thankful that my child is spared all 
this pain and sorrow." If we were all going aboard 
a steamer which was to sail at five o'clock in the even- 
ing, many of us might fret and worry about the time 
of going aboard. Some of us might go aboard in the 
morning, some at noon, and some just as the plank 
was being drawn. When we are all out on the river, 
and the land line has dropped below the horizon, will 
we say much about the time of going aboard? Will it 
seem of great importance that some went aboard a 
little earlier and some a little later? If we coidd only 
antedate the eternal years, when wc shall not know 
the meaning of trouble nor tears, we would see and un- 
derstand why it was best for us to be lonely here for a 
little while. There the distances and delays of life will 
be lost sight of in the far-away shore line, and sorrow 
and sighing shall flee away forever, when the redeemed 
of the Lord get home. 
Covington, Ohio. 

A Marriage in India. 


Over a year ago a boy, Perag by name, came to us. 
He was a neighbor boy, having been raised clos*e here. 
When he came, his eyes were very bad, paining him a 
good deal. He was not able to work and his relatives 
cast him out, his parents being dead. Coming to us 
in this helpless condition, he wondered what we could 
do for him. Right from the start he ate our food and 
so there was no caste difficulty. We tried to doctor 

to the Hospital in Bombay for treatment. He stayed 
awhile and then returned with some improvement. 
But soon we had to send him back again, but before 
sending him the second time I baptized him, as he 
expressed faith in the Lord Jesus. This was a year 
ago last July. He stayed in Bombay over a month 
the second time, and then returned with his eyes much 
improved. His eyesight is imperfect, to be sure, but 
it is no particular hindrance to his manual work. He 
has been working hard and faithfully. He is illiterate, 
but of good disposition and is well liked by all who 
know him. 

For some months past he has been asking about his 
wedding. Every time we would go to Bulsar he 
would remind us about getting a girl for him. And 
when Bulsar people came to see us, he would ask them 
also about his wedding. He got real anxious about 
it and I dare say dreamed about it. One day he said 
to me, " There are many girls at Bulsar." I said, 
" Yes,, but your wedding has not yet been arranged 
for. We shall see what we can do." With this he 
was satisfied for a few days. 

About two weeks 3go we told Perag that we had 
found a girl for him. This pleased Perag and he at 
once began to prepare his house with great pains, to re- 
ceive his new bride. He prepared himself for the joy- 
ous occasion in every way. The girl, too, had made the 
usual preparations for the wedding day. The day had 
been appointed for the wedding. One thing you must 
not forget. There was no previous courtship. That 
is not the way of the country. In this case there was 
no letter writing. The hoy and girl had never seen 
each other. You could not say it was love at first 
sight for they had not yet seen each other. And yet 
they were both ready to get married and had made the 
needful preparations. 

Yesterday was the day set. Bro. Blough came down 
to perform the ceremony. Sister Quinter. from Jalal- 
por, brought the bride to he. The invited friends had 
come and were seated to witness the marriage of two 
Christian people. The singing began and shortly after 
three, the couple appeared before the preacher. Every- 
body was seemingly entering into the spirit of the 
occasion. The minister prayed, read appropriate 
scripture, and very fittingly gave good instruction to 
those entering into this new relationship. 

The interested parties were then asked to rise and 
the usual questions were asked them. Evidently feel- 
ing the solemnity of the occasion, one after another of 
the questions were answered affirmatively and the sol- 
emn promises given by the young man. Everything 
was going so beautifully and all was joy and gladness. 
The same questions were next put to Budli. Her 
mind was made up. Her first impressions were not 
favorable. There was not much time for second im- 
pressions. She had been in his presence only a few 
minutes. To the preacher's first question she was 
ready with an answer. She did not hesitate. But her 
answer being so emphatically " No," hesitation on the 
part of the preacher was a necessity. What was to be 
done ? The second and the following questions were 
useless as long as the " no " was in the mind. The 
" no " must give place to a willing " yes." else the wed- 
ding must be declared off. Do you appreciate the em- 
barrassment? Fully to appreciate it means to pass 
through the experience. 

The remedy? Well, it was simple and yet who 
knew what the result would be ? The preacher talked 
to the girl privately. She seemed set in her first im- 
pressions. She thought the boy was too old. He looks 
older than he is. He does not know his age. Most of 
these people do not. She had some false impressions 
of the boy. She was reasoned with. After some talk 
and kindly advice by our sister, she was ready to say 
" yes." Then the preacher took her back into the 
room and continued the ceremony. Then to the ques- 
tions asked a hearty " yes " was given, and so the day 
was won, the knot was tied, and today their faces are 
as shining and happy as though they had been courting 
for years. 

Dahanu. India, Nov. 4. 

Only to find our duty, somehow, to do it faithfully, 
makes us good and useful men, and tunes our lives 

might have life, and that thev might have it more 

abundantly." Let us take that promise with us through his eyes, but they got very little better, so I took him according to the life of God. 



Onlolnl Organ of tie Cnorcn of to. Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Pubushing House 
publishing agent general mission boakj> 

16 to 24 South State Street, Elgin. Illinois 



Editor. D. L. Miner. ^ & 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 
Corresponding Editors. 

IS SB*"* ::::::: :?e„"„""iSrS; ^ 

g^tM« r n s aV.:.::.:.'..-. °™*- Cuta - 

Business Manager. K. E. Arnold. 

Advisory committee. 

O. W. Lent* Geo. S. Arn old. P. R- Koltnor. 

' ™-.ii win™ Q nd«mmu n lcoHonB!iitond*<iforth»paperBhonldbs addressed 

t. ffjnmSnS "ruiusHrsu house, elgih, ui., .»« ™t to a», mot- 

rtdunl connected with it. -^ 

Entered .t the Po«.m.. .1 Elgin , 111 .. ■« aeeond-clMe Matter. 

The Bible Session at Juniata College, Huntingdon, 
Pa., opens Jan. 14 and closes nine clays later. 

Bro C S. Garber conducted revival services in 
the Shelby County church, Mo., and seven conversions 
are reported. 

Seven accessions to the Lower Canowago church, 
Pa., are reported as the fruits of a series of meetings 
recently held at that place. 

Bro. Lemuel Hillery and wife, who had planned 
to spend the winter in the Southwest, have returned 
to their home at Goshen, Ind. 

Several of the members from Chicago and else- 
where were with us in our services last Sunday morn- 
ing. Our home members appreciated the presence of 

Bro. Isaac Frantz held a series of meetings in the 
Fairview congregation, Pa., and sixteen were added 
to the church,— twelve by confession and baptism, and 
four reclaimed. . 

At Cave Rock church, within the bounds of the 
Botetourt congregation, Va., Bro. C. D. Hylton held a 
series of meetings, delivering fourteen sermons. Four- 
teen persons were added to the church. 

During a revival at Beech Grove, Ind., lasting three 
weeks, nine came out on the Lord's side. Eight were 
baptized and one is to receive the rite later. The 
meetings were held by Bro. H. L. Fadely. 

In a former issue it was stated, in the correspond- 
ence, that two elders were ordained in the Okaw 
church, 111. The report should have read three, viz., 
Brethren Geo. Miller, L. T. Turner and H. Landis. 

We call attention to our special offer on page 15. 
We are offering the Messenger and " Literary Ac- 
tivities " for $2.00. The book alone is worth $1.25, 
and it is a work that should be in the hands of all 
our people. 

A revival was held at Bottom Creek, Va., by Bro. 
C. E. Ellis, and twenty-four persons applied for mem- 
bership. Nineteen of the number have already re- 
ceived baptism and the other five are to receive the 
rite in the near future. 

Bro. Levi Andes writes us from Ephrata, Pa., say- 
ing that he and his wife are still in the East, and ex- 
pect to remain until next May. They are planning to 
take in the Winona Annual Meeting on their way to 
their home at Newton, Kans. 

The Sunday schools of Southern Illinois have de- 
cided to furnish the support of Sister Eliza B. Miller 
on the mission field. While she will continue her 
work as heretofore, her support is to come from the 
source named instead of the General Mission Board. 

In a previous issue, when referring to the Sala- 
monie church, Ind., it was said by a correspondent, 
that Bro. A. C. Snowberger has had charge of the 
primary work in the lower house for over twenty 
years. We are requested to say that it should have 
read A. H. Snowberger. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

Bro. Theo. B. Young, one of our ministers resid- 
ing in Wichita, Kans., died Dec. 9, at the age of sixty- 
one years. He was called to the ministry in 1886, 
and is said to have been a faithful teacher as well as 
a devout man. — ■ 

There is a large body of members at McPherson, 
Kans., at this time. At a recent communion service 
there were 275 communicants at the tables. Ten had 
just been added to the number as the fruits of a series 
of meetings held by Bro. William Lampin. 

Last week Bro. I. B. Trout went to Northwestern 
Ohio to assist in the Sunday-school Normal, held in 
the Logan church. From there he went to Trotwood 
to aid in the work of the Teachers' Institute of South- 
ern Ohio. He returns to Elgin next week. 

Bro. J. A. Sell, of Hollidaysburg, Pa., says that 
the older he gets the more he sees to do, and that 
some day death will find him with a lot of unfinished 
work on hand. The keeping busy habit is not a bad 
one for the man who takes pleasure in doing good. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger spent a few weeks in a pro- 
tracted meeting in the Mexico church, Ind. We have 
not yet learned of the results of his efforts, only that 
he had good audiences and that his discourses were 
listened to with much interest. We are likely to hear 

While our missionaries in China have chosen then- 
field of labor, they are to remain at Tai Yuan Fu, 
where they are at this time, till spring. They think 
of establishing two stations, one at Liao Chou, a 
place of about 5,000 souls, and the other at a point 
not yet chosen. 

When inclosing a stamp, to pay postage on the re- 
ply you are expecting, do not stick one corner of the 
stamp fast to the letter. Such stamps are often torn 
when an attempt is made to remove them. Let your 
stamp remain' loose in your letter, or be wrapped in a 
small piece of print or tissue paper. 

A writer who supplies us with a number of very 
acceptable essays during the year, has this to say con- 
cerning our work : "I am glad the Messenger is so 
wide-awake to the best interests of the Master's 
kingdom. Should I write anything that you think 
ought not to be printed, do not make use of it." 

Last week it was said that " Bible Readings and 
Bible Studies," by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger, would be 
sent postpaid to those not ministers of the Brethren 
church for 25 cents. In this we were misinformed. 
The price is 35 cents, and the book is worth every 
cent of the price quoted. It is understood, of course, 
that it will be sent to our ministers for 10 cents. 

" The Sword of Laban," published by R. B. Neal, 
Pikeville, Ky., is one of the most vigorously-edited 
monthlies coming to our desk. Perhaps there is no 
other journal in this country that more ably and per- 
sistently exposes Mormonism. It seems to be set for 
the overthrow of the religion of Joseph Smith. The 
editor understands his business and is making his 

influence felt. 

The Missionary Visitor for December is an ex- 
ceedingly interesting number. The article headed 
"A Missionary Mirror and Reflector " will put a lot 
of people to thinking. Concerning this article, and 
what some are saying about it, more will be pub- 
lished next week. Those who have not seen the 
Visitor for December will please ask for it. A card, 
containing your name and address, and addressed 
to the General Mission Board, Elgin, will bring you 

a copy. ■ 

We had an interesting service in Elgin last Sunday 
morning, and the attendance was fair, in spite of the 
fourteen inches of snow that had fallen the day before. 
Bro. }. H. B. Williams gave a good talk on Sunday- 
school work, after which the Sunday-school officers 
and teachers for the present year were given their 
charge by Bro. Galen B._ Royer. The Christmas 
Sunday-school exercises were held on Thursday even- 
ing before Christmas and proved to be both entertain- 
ing and helpful. The leading feature of the occasion 
was the bringing of gifts for the benefit of others. 

In North Carolina a judge ordered that a thirteen- 
year-old negro boy, who had stolen a pair of shoes, 
should be whipped and then sent to Sunday school reg- 
ularly for six months. The sentence may not be what 
a strict interpretation of the law would demand, but it 
shows good common sense upon the part of the judge. 
He knows the value of the rod and the Sunday school 
in reforming wayward boys. 

Bro. D. L. Miller, who, as is known, is spending 
the winter in California, has requested Bro. Galen B. 
Royer to fill his place on the Annual Meeting Rail- 
way Committee during his absence. It is important 
that the matter of transportation to our Conference 
have careful attention. Bro. Royer lives close to the 
great railroad center of our country, is acquainted 
with a number of railroad men, and will be able to 
render the best of service on the committee. 

This week we are mailing the Brethren Almanac 
for 1910. We are sending it out later than what we 
had expected, but it was held back on account of this 
great rush of work in the job department. We call 
special attention to the list of churches, with the 
pastors or elders in charge named. We do not claim 
perfection for the list, but it was the best we could 
do with the information in hand. The list will be cor- 
rected about the first of November of each year and 
we believe it will be greatly appreciated. 

A writer thinks we should have some good articles 
setting forth what the New Testament teaches in re- 
gard to holy women wearing the prayer covering dur- 
ing seasons of worship. He refers to the customs 
of those who return thanks at the table and even 
take part in the family prayers, and never think of 
having their heads covered. We should be glad to 
publish a few well-prepared articles on the subject, 
but what good will such articles do if our preachers 
and elders fail to teach this part of the Gospel from 
their pulpits? The Messenger means to stand in 
defense of the whole Gospel, but it can accomplish 
little regarding the wearing of the prayer covering in 
churches when the preachers are mum on the subject. 

We call attention to what Bro. D. M. Garver, 
Moderator of the late Annual Meeting, has to say on 
page 16, about funds to pay the expenses of the com- 
mittees appointed by the Conference to do certain 
work. Money is not coming in fast enough to meet 
the expenses of the different committees. In fact the 
treasurer has found it necessary to secure a loan of 
over $450 in order to bridge over until more money 
can be collected from the Districts. We are of the 
impression that the appropriation made by the An- 
nual Meeting will not meet the expenses from year to 
year. There is already a deficit, and this must nee- . 
essarily increase. In order to do the work assigned 
them, some of the members of these committees must 
travel long distances. This means considerable out- 
lay for railroad expenses, to say nothing of the time 
required, for which the different members receive pay. 
We must either do less committee work at the ex- 
pense of the Brotherhood, or raise more money. 

Last week we said nothing about the work done by 
the Gish Committee at its late meeting here in Elgin. 
The Committee meets once a year, discusses the books 
that have been examined by the different members of 
the Committee, and provides for those they accept 
and decide to place at the disposal of our ministers. 
In doing this they make it a point to keep within the 
limits of the funds for the year. It was decided to 
drop " Nave's Topical Bible " from their list of books. 
Volume- II of Schaff's "History" is to be offered to 
our ministers on the same terms that Volume I was 
offered. A pamphlet, containing a list of all the Gish 
Books, will be published and distributed, and an ef- 
fort will be made to secure a place on the program at 
the next Annual Meeting, with Bro. I. B. Trout to 
deliver an address in the interest of the work en- 
trusted to the Committee. Later an announcement 
will be made, concerning a volume containing all the 
minutes of the Annual Meeting from the beginning 
to 1909. The plates for the books are already made, 
but the printing is delayed. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

Correspondents who employ figures in their com- 
munications for publication should make them plain 
enough to be understood. At, times it becomes quite 
a task to determine just what some writers mean by 
the figures they use. Recently an item of church news 
contained the figure 121, and was printed that way. 
Later we learned that the writer meant to say fourteen. 
The two parts of the figure 4 were separated, giving 
it the exact appearance of 21. One cannot be too 
careful with his figures. 

An earnest minister, who does much work in one 
of the western States, says that'if he could spare the 
money he would like to subscribe for twenty copies 
of the Messenger, to be used in the new field where 
he is now preaching. He has learned by experience 
that the people who read the paper become interested 
in the preaching and that there is a chance of doing 
something with them. Dozens of our missionaries 
have learned this, and are anxious to secure five or 
ten dollars to pay for ten or twenty copies, to be 
placed in as many families. No one has yet sug- 
gested a Setter or a more economical way of doing 
effectual mission work. 

Most of our readers like the doctrinal issue be- 
cause of the doctrinal feature, the brevity of the arti- 
cles and the number of subjects treated. This shows 
that doctrine is still popular among the Brethren. 
They do not want to see the doctrine overdone, but 
they would be pleased to see more of this kind of 
matter in the Messenger than has been in evidence 
the last few years. What they say, in appreciation of 
the brevity of the articles published, ought to serve 
as a hint to those who persist in writing long essays. 
The man who writes an essay filling a page may count 
on a few hundred readers, while the one who never 
permits his article to exceed one and a half columns 
can count his readers by the thousands. Of course 
there are exceptions to this rule, but they are very 
rare. If the essays are always short, we can give a 
greater variety of matter. So let us have plenty of 
sound doctrine, along with a variety of interesting 
topics; let the articles be short, clear and forcible, 
then we can give our people the variety of reading 
that they desire and should have. 

Our Message for 1910. 

With This Issue, 
dated on the first day of 1910, we enter upon the duties 
and labors of another year, and it is but proper that we 
take a look at the work that is before us. It is but natur- 
al that we should consider the conditions confronting us, 
so as to be better prepared to meet the issues as they 
come. Viewed from 

The Temporal Side, 
the outlook is encouraging. We closed the previous vol- 
ume with a year of plenty, and enter one that would 
seem to have in store sufficient to meet all our needs. 
The man of business, as well as the man who toils, goes 
forward, feeling that it will be a busy and, possibly, a 
prosperous year for him. But this is not the side of life 
that most concerns us, just now. We are deeply con- 
cerned about 

The Church and Her Interests, 
possibly not more so than we have been in the years 
that have come and gone. But what is the outlook for 
the Church of the Brethren? If we are to judge by what 
comes to our office, we must say that_ the outlook is 
decidedly better than it was twelve months ago. There 
is not as much activity among the churches as we would 
like to see, but there is much more harmony than some 
have been led to expect. We believe that we are en- 

A New Era 
regarding our schools. They are getting closer to the 
church and possibly the church is getting much closer to 
the schools. At least they are drawing very close togeth- 
er, and between them there is a much better understand- 
ing-. This has been brought about by the efforts of the 
Educational Board, and also by the action of certain 
Districts in becoming the owners of their respective 
schools. At least one of our schools will soon be oper- 
ated by the Districts that own the property. In this 
instance we have no way of knowing what the results 
will be, but one thing is certain, the church is wide- 
awake on the school question, and means to have the 
schools run as she may direct. All of this, in connec- 
tion with the faith the schools have in the church, and 
the faith the church now has in the schools, speaks well 
for the educational situation. 

Our Missionary Outlook 
is also good. We are not only keeping up our work in 
the foreign fields, but there is a growing home missionary 
spirit along the line. The several Districts, composing 
the Brotherhood, are disposed to give more than usual 
attention to the planting of churches in their own terri- 
tory. They do not mean to weaken in their support of 
the work in other lands, but they mean to do more at 
home, and thus strengthen the hands that support the 
work at home as well as abroad. To some extent we are 
a little disturbed by two questions that need not, how- 
ever, endanger our fraternal relation, should they be 
handled with care. We refer first to 

The Dress Question. 

We do not mean fully to discuss any phase of the ques- 
tion, but merely refer to it as one may, with propriety, 
in an annual message of this sort. The matter is in the 
hands of a committee appointed by the late Annual Meet- 
ing, and it is believed that in due time a report will be 
submitted that will command the respect and prayer- 
ful consideration of the greater part of the Brother- 
hood. It is unfortunate that wc should permit a matter 
of this sort to disturb us, and wc feel sure that if we 
would live up to the gospel standard respecting 

New Testament Simplicity 
in attire, we would know nothing of the trouble we seem 
to be facing. In order to insure the harmony that should 
prevail among us, there must be commendable sacri- 
fice upon the part of both extremes. Those who think 
the church has heretofore been too stringent regarding 
the manner of attire, must not insist upon the church 
cutting loose from the restrictions that have all these 
years held her so close to the gospel requirements re- 
specting plainness in dress. To cut loose from some of 
our splendid methods would be to permit the old ship of 
Zion to drift into the whirlpool of fashion,— -just where 
the other churches have gone. Then, on the other hand, 
those who would elevate 

to the dignity of law, must not insist too strongly on 
things that fail to appeal to the good sense of devout 
thinkers, who honestly choose to differ from them. There 
must be no surrendering of gospel principles, but meth- 
ods should not be carried beyond that which is reason- 
able and practicable. It will be wise to urge only the 
requirements that can be supported by a proper inter- 
pretation of Scripture and good reason. Possibly safety, 
in this matter, like in most other religious questions, will 
be found on 

Middle Grounds. 
At least this will be the place to come together and es- 
tablish harmony and confidence. Neither harmony nor 
confidence can be secured by swinging to one or the 
other of the extremes. This has been the experience of 
the Lord's people in all ages, and We should certainly 
profit by the experiences of others. Not only so, but 
we should not insist on 

Undue Haste 
in our attempt to bring the different elements together. 
They have been years in growing apart, and it is going 
to require years, patience, skill and much love to bring 
them close together again. We must not permit even a 
considerable shade of difference on this, or any other 
question, to move us apart. We are too near united 
on other points, to think of drifting apart on the dress 
question. It would be better to hold our differences 
for years, and in the meantime consider the better ways 
of disposing of these differences. We are sure that this 
would be in keeping with the spirit as well as with the 
letter of the Gospel. Just now we are needing 

Cool Heads and Warm Hearts, 
We are needing skilled minds and loyal hearts. We are 
needing gospel firmness, not only well seasoned with 
grace, but well fortified with gospel diplomacy. In fact, 
it is the faithful Christian diplomat who can do us much 
good just now. The time was when we stood in need 
of able speeches and strong argument. But diplomacy, 
upon the part of the faithful leaders, will accomplish 
more in the way of holding our people together, and 
unifying them on the dress question, than radical 
speeches and stringent decisions. But the real solution 
of this question, as well as some other kindred questions, 
will be found in 

Wise and Intelligent Teaching 
by faithful, spiritual and intelligent elders and preach- 
ers, for without this course of procedure the problem 
can never be satisfactorily solved. Decisions, however 
-carefully framed, in the absence of publjc sentiment in 
their favor, will be of little practical value. Conference 
decisions and the reports of committees may, in a limited 
way, help the church to maintain gospel principles, but 
nothing can take the place of the right kind of teach- 
ing by the right kind of men. Wisely settle this one ques- 
tion and all other questions will take care of themselves. 

The Place to Begin 
is with the elders and preachers. They are the ones to be 
taught the ways of the Lord more perfectly. Enlighten 

their understanding along this line, get their hearts as well 
as their heads interested in the work of maintaining New 
Testament simplicity in our attire, and they will not only 
teach the members aright, but they will prove to be 
strong and safe leaders. For a year or more there has 
been some very 

Injudicious Talk 

about a separation, the very thing that neither the Mas- 
ter nor the Holy Spirit would approve. In his great 
prayer, as recorded in John 17, Jesus prayed that his 
disciples might be one. Not only so, but this idea of 
unity between God's chosen people runs all through the 
New Testament. - A difference of opinion on a few points, 
that necessarily change, in the course of a generation or 
two, should never be made the occasion of a separation. 
The church may, from time to time, dismiss from her 
fellowship disobedient and unworthy members, 

But the Body Itself 

should hang together, and, if there are serious differ- 
ences, debate them until common ground of unity may 
be found. This is the only safe and sensible method for 
this or any other age. Separations, however small, are 
always to be regretted, and nearly all of them might 
have been avoided by the exercise of a little prudence. 
In the generations gone by our people have often been 
disturbed by serious problems, but in every instance, 
where they hung together and debated their differences 
to the end, they found ground on which they could unite 
and continue to work together- And the wisdom ex- 
ercised so successfully, on some of these former occa- 
sions, should most assuredly be called into play at this 
time. So far as the Messenger is concerned, our avowed 
policy, regarding the differences in the Brotherhood, as 
well as in Christendom at large, is to point out ground 
that all must concede to be safe, reasonable and in keep- 
ing witli the genius of our reformatory plea. While we 
would not have the church interfere in the least with 
the liberty accorded Christian men and women by the 
Gospel, still we would not tolerate the liberty that is 
made to serve as an excuse for wrong doing. We need 
hardly refer to 

Some Other Questions 

ntcrested. These questions will take 
i. For a while the ministerial ques- 
tion gave us more or less concern, but it is settling it- 
self—not the way some would prefer to have it settled, 
but, like water, some questions find their level, and the 
solution is reached in spite of all efforts to the contrary. 
But during the present year, as well as during the years 
to come, we need to guard against the growing love of 
wealth and luxury. There is perhaps 

in which we are 
care of themselve 

No Greater Danger 
threatening the Brotherhood than the grasping for mon- 
ey and the love of luxuries, that naturally follow un- 
consented wealth. We are a money-making people and 
it is natural for us to search out the most promising parts 
of the country and there form settlements. This may be 
considered wise, but too much of it will not be found 
good for any people. The wealth, thus gained, should 
enable us to preach the Gospel and build up churches 
in less favored sections. But if we are to hoard up our 
wealth, build costly dwellings and surround ourselves 
with all the ease and luxuries that money can purchase, 
the wealth that comes to us may prove a curse rather 
than a blessing to the cause we represent. Not only so, 


Wealth and Luxuries 

lead to pride, spiritual coldness and sin. Even devout 
members cannot raise plain, God-fearing children amid 
the luxuries and display found in the homes of some of 
the wealthy. Worldly and gaudy surroundings will pro- 
duce a love for display, will pave the way to places of 
amusement and thus undermine the spiritual life. The 
only remedy for this evil, in a land of great prosperity 
like ours, is consecrated wealth as well as consecrated 
education and effort. We look upon this growing love 
of" wealth as the greatest evil now threatening our be- 
loved Fraternity. If we would avoid this, as well as 

evils, we must move up to the higher spiritual 
so strongly urged in our message of two years 

But as a religious body 

Are We Doing Our Best? 

^ not more interested about the things pertaining 




to this life, than the things pertaining to the 
come? It is possible that we may be giving our best 
to the world rather than to the church. It is possible 
for us to become so wrapped up in the affairs of this 
world as to make our religion only a secondary matter. 
We are not saying that this is the case, but we may not 
be far from the danger line. May we not suggest, at the 
beginning of the year 1910, that we look well to the fu- 
ture and see what we can do to advance the interest of 
the kingdom? We may have done much for the cause 
of the Master in the years gone by. but have we always 
been doing our best? If not. then this year should wit- 
ness some decidedly aggressive movements. Let 

it be 

our purpose to do our very best for the church for the 
conversion of sinners and for the interest of all others 
with whom, we come in contact. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

Up-to-Date Things. 

There was, perhaps, never a time, in the history 
of the world, when there was such a mania in the minds 
of the people for up-to-date things —a disposition to 
discount the old and the tried things, and grasp after 
things that are new, untried, but up-to-date. On the 
part of the farmer, the merchant, the business world,— 
in all the callings of life,— the cry is for up-to-date 
things. The same is true in the religious world. Our 
methods of interpretation, of teaching, of preaching, of 
running the church work and services, are apt to be 
after up-to-date ideas, view s and interpretations. 

Now we have the women coming forth and demand- 
ing their proper place in society, in the professions, in 
the government and in the church. Men may say what 
they will, this up-to-date idea has been practically en- 
forced upon them, and conceded to them. To take this 
up-to-date position in the church and in religion, they 
must have an up-to-date version of the Scriptures, — 
one that will place them rightly and squarely where 
their brethren have been and are placing them. 

That you may understand what we mean, we will 
quote an up-to-date, or modern, translation of the first 
part of the twelfth chapter of Romans : " I beseech 
you therefore, sisters, by the mercies of God, that you 
present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable 
unto God, which is your reasonable service. And be 
not conformed to this world : but be ye transformed by 
the renewing of your minds, that ye may prove what is 
that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. 
For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every 
woman that is among you, not to think of herself more 
highly than she ought to think; but to think soberly, 
according as God hath dealt to every woman the meas- 
ure of faith." 

You may say that such is a subversion of the Scrip- 
tures and was never so intended. Why not? 

Paul was, in his actions* and writings, consistent with 
the customs and conditions of the times in which he 
lived. In his writings the letter and the spirit harmon- 
ized. In his day the men constituted the active and 
living element of the church. They were the bulk of 
the crowds at the church services, the prayer meetings 
and the missionary and temperance meetings. Now 
things have largely changed, and the women are the 
prominent personages in the activities of the church. 
Therefore, if Paul lived today he would change the 
letter, if not the spirit, of his epistles. The men have 
changed the spirit but not the letter. In this they are 
not up-to-date. If you wish to see this truth exempli- 
fied, go into our churches and count heads. Our pray- 
er meetings, temperance meetings and other church 
activity meetings show still more fully who are the 
workers, and where the up-to-date prestige justly be- 

In order to make the showing for men more favor- 
able, our women have kindly consented to mix up with 
them, and thus make mixed congregations, — the heft 
of the mixture being largely on the side of the women. 
Were we to continue the old custom ot having in our 
assemblies a men's side and a women's side, it would 
make a bad showing for the men, and also necessitate 
a change in dividing off the seating of our church- 
houses. So the mixed seating of our assemblies is an 
up-to-date arrangement, brought about through the 
force of modern conditions. This, again, proves the 
necessity for a modern, up-to-date translation of the 
Scriptures. It is necessary to harmonize with the 
" fitness of things " that we men are so aptly quoting. 

Paul, in the outstart of his ministry, because of the 
conditions then existing, did not feel that women could 
be a very important factor in the introduction and 
spread of the Gospel. Therefore he felt like entrusting 
the work largely into the hands and care of the men, 
but as he began to learn the effect that the religion of 
Jesus Christ had upon the lives and characters of 
women, he seemingly changed his mind in regard to 
their true relation to the work of the Master and their 
possibilities for being and doing, and, later on, was 
made to say : " There is neither male or female — all 
are one in Christ Jesus." If he were to see the ac- 
tivities of our Christian women today, he would prob- 
ably say that it is possible for men to work and be 
saved as well as women. 

Again, the reason why our women are placed in the 
foreground in Christian work is due to the fact that 
the men have learned their greater aptness to work 
of this kind, — their greater earnestness and zeal, 
deeper love and sympathy for those in distress, that 
they have a keener sense of spiritual loss, and a greater 
desire to save the lost. Because of this knowledge 
more has been committed into their care. Indeed, we 
have too many men today who seem to hinge their 
salvation on the goodness of their women. They seem 
to commit their souls so fully into their care, that 
they are ready to let their women work out their 
salvation, while they attend to the business affairs of 
the home. Some do this so poorly that the whole 
scheme of salvation, both temporal and spiritual, is 
entrusted into the hands of the women. 

This seems to be an up-to-date state of things and 
justifies the new version of truth and the up-to-date 

Then, too, the interpretation that is given to Romans 
12, and similar disciplinary passages of Scripture in 
regard to order, life and dress, calls for a change in 
textual wording of some of the scriptural quotations 
used, as ^ their interpretational application is made 
largely to the women. The women rightly think that 
Paul had the men especially in view, because, say they, 
he addressed himself to the men. But the men say 
that when men were named he also included women — 
that Paul was very courteous, and because of this they 
were not named. 

But, again, up-to-date Christian expression demands 
that the women should be the standard by which 
Christians should be known to the world, in public, 
in travel, — wherever seen. A body of church mem- 
bers, in pubjic and in travel, must proclaim to what 
church they belong, not by the appearance of the men, 
but by the appearance of the women. It may seem 
very clever, on the part of the men and brethren, to 
confer such Christian preferment on the " female mem- 
bers," but, because of the convenience and satisfaction 
it gives them, they are quite willing to allow to them 
the honor and whatever spiritual advantage it may 
afford. As far as the expression of the public and the 
world is concerned, the sisters deserve all the credit 
they get. The verdict should be and must be to their 
credit, even if they are sometimes designated as being 
the " weaker vessels." While we are glad that our 
sisters are developing among them so much religious 
activity, we cannot quite understand how the men, 
because of it, can claim any exoneration on their part, 
of being less active in the performance of the duties 
and obligations that belong rightfully' to them. 

We have no objection to up-to-date things, no mat- 
ter what they may be, providing they are honorable, 
just and righteous, whether they pertain to the secular 
or religious world. Methods adopted in business or 
in church work must be reasonable, fair and equal to 
all parties. While we are, as Christians, in a sense, to 
bear each other's burdens, there is another very special 
sense in which all men and women are to bear their 
own burden. For any one to be willing to place a bur- 
den on others that he would not be willing to bear 
himself, is violating the Golden Rule : " Do unto others 
as you would have others do unto you." To live out 
this rule is the kind of up-to-date religion that we, 
believe in and recommend. h. b. b. 


Reference is not had to those found on the ocean, 
endangering the ships and their cargoes, but to a far 
more numerous class — human derelicts who are a.s lit- 
erally drifting subject to wind and wave as are the 
ocean derelicts. We all know some of them, and we 
have known a few who sailed out of the harbor with 
flags flying, with a favorable start, and everything, ap- 
parently, promising a prosperous voyage on the sea of 
life. And we have seen the unexpected storms of trial 
come, and ruin come with it. Thenceforth the life was 
worse than useless, for it became a menace to the life 
and character of others. 

Some of these derelicts drift down here into the 
tropics. We have seen half a dozen or more of them. 
Some are bright, trained to be useful men ; and they 
are all right when kept a.way from drink and bad com- 

pany, which they are not for long at a time. A few 
will live along for years in this way. But once ip a 
while the end comes in a very sudden and unexpected 
manner. That was the case twice inside of four weeks 
in the fall. 

With one of the men we were acquainted and had 
talked about the end of his way with him. He was -a 
bright man, of good connections, but a slave to drink. 
He could make good promises, but not keep them. He 
had been " on a spree," but was no doubt still affected 
by the liquor when he met his death under the feet of 
a mule. No one can tell how it happened, but there 
seems no way to explain it except as an effect of drink. 
He talked much of what he was going to do, and he 
was capable of doing much ; but he did little more than 
destroy himself. 

The other man had stepped off the train to speak to 
some friends, and waited until the train started before 
attempting to get on. Then he missed his footing, 
staggered along several steps, and fell between the 
platform and the cars ; and in an instant he was called 
from time to eternity — unprepared he was*summoned 
to appear before his Maker. We saw his mangled 
body on the railroad, for the officials to_ look after it 
had not yet come when our train passed. 

It is terrible to think of these lifewrecks, for it is 
written that no drunkard shall inherit the kingdom. It 
is impossible for us or anyone to know all the causes 
leading up to such a wasted life and such a death. 
Each soul has its own struggles, its weakness. We see 
some of the results, but know little of the causes lead- 
ing to those results. And yet we do know that the 
one great cause of drunkenness is opportunity. If 
some men did not manufacture and offer for sale the 
vile stuff that wrecks homes, ruins lives, and keeps 
souls out of heaven, there would be no drunkards. 

The man who drinks must bear his share of the pun- 
ishment; but in the final summing up there will be 
others held guilty of their share in his ruin. They may 
pose as respectable and even as charitable men among 
their fellows; but it stands written, "Woe unto him 
who puts the cup to his brother's lips." And the woe 
will follow just as surely as tomorrow's sun will rise. 
A man may fool men all his life, but he cannot fool 
God for an instant. It is well to think about that, and 
about the responsibility of the man who manufactures 
and sells and the man who permits the curse of the 
liquor traffic in his town or county or state, when he 
might help drive it out. 

Long ago our people took their stand on the side of 
temperance, not allowing a member to manufacture, 
drink as a beverage, buy or sell liquor. And it was 
a noble stand : all hail to the fathers who took it. But 
we have not always consistently worked as we might 
against the evil. We do not mean by this that our 
churches should be turned into politics — far from that 
— but that at every opportunity we should oppose, in 
every lawful and gospel way, this great evil which has 
so long rested upon our land. 

There are other derelicts than those caused by drink, 
and the number of them increases out of all proportion 
to the population. Certain sections of our large cities 
are filled with them; and they are becoming a greater 
and greater menace to our country. The best way to 
lessen the number is by righteous men and women 
standing firmly in opposition to everything that makes 
derelicts ; and to do so all the time, no matter who is 
on the other side. The Lord help us to help save others 
whenever there is opportunity. c. m. 

Fifty Baptist pastors of Northern Ohio adopted a 
resolution barring professional evangelists from their 
fields. They maintain that while some of the pro- 
fessional evangelists are doing a good work, there are 
others who have proven a decided detriment to the 
cause. The after conditions of revivals conducted by 
professionals give the local pastors not only much 
concern, but much extra work, and in far too many 
instances the converts secured do not prove to be 
faithful members. The pastors propose to aid each 
other, to do solid work ; then they need not be annoyed 
by the results of sensational work done by one who 
makes numbers and money the chief objects of his 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 



D. li. Miller, Chairman Mt. Morris, III. 

H. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Penn Laird, Va. 

L. W. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Chau. D. BoDsack Washington, T>, C. 

J. J. Yoder, McPheraon, Kaiuiaa. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, HI. 

Too often parents fail to guard their home against the 
intrusion of evil-minded persons. We guard against 
smallpox and scarlet fever, hut fail to be as careful when 
it comes to the far greater danger of impure persons who 
leave behind infection, sin and death. Well does Sacred 
Writ tell us: "Evil communications corrupt good man- 
ners." This is especially true in the case of the young. 
They are easily led in the way of righteousness, but often 
are more readily misled into paths of sin. It is the par- 
ent's business, therefore, to know who is admitted to the 
home circle. There is much at stake. If children surfer 
by improper associations, the parents must needs suffer 
with them. If children go astray, the parents have sad- 
ness and sorrow. The words of the Psalmist, on evil com- 
panionship, are well worth heeding: "He that worketh 
deceit shall not dwell within my house; he that telleth 
lies shall not tarry in my sight." 

God, are not those that we can easily spare, but they are 
the time and strength and money that mean sacrifice on 
the part of the giver. Multiplied a thousandfold by the 
gracious hand of God, they will prove a power far greater 
than we had dared to hope for, or even could conceive. 


Mere profession will never evangelize the world. Prac- 
tice is needed to start things going; there must be action 
as well as talk. The primitive church, as Christ left it, 
was full of healthy activity. When persecution scattered 
the disciples abroad, there was a most abundant pro- 
claiming of the Word everywhere. They did not wait 
for pulpit assignments, salary contracts, or any other mere 
formality, — they simply preached as they had opportunity. 
The call is as urgent today, and it means a utilization of 
ALL the forces in the church. Do not think that our 
handful of ministers can do it all. The church, as a body, 
must take hold of the work, and do it intelligently, per- 
sistently. A work so great requires the united and un- 
ceasing energies of the entire membership. The rich man 
must bring his wealth, the business man his tact and talent, 
the scholar the fruits of his research and learning, — ALL 
must bring what they have, in order that the mighty work 
of evangelism may be carried to the uttermost parts of 
the earth. 

One is amazed, sometimes, to hear the various excuses 
of people for nonattendance at church services. One man 
recently said: "The churches, today, are spiritually cold. 
There is no fervency of spirit and no word of welcome for 
the stranger." Now, while this may be all true enough in 
places, yet it is by no means universally true, as we all 
know, and least of all does it furnish an excuse for any 
man or woman to stay away from the Lord's sanctuary. 
Another excuse, sometimes offered, is: "The preaching is 
too deep; I don't understand it." All the more reason 
to go regularly and to become more interested. Then, 
too, it should be an incentive to do more Bible study at 
home, so that the preaching may not be "too deep" for our 
understanding. Still another excuse is the very opposite 
of the above, and it was offered, in all good faith, by a 
man of average intelligence, when asked by a minister to 
attend services: "You are too plain of speech; every- 
body knew that the sermon you preached on the ' Golden 
Rule' some time ago, just hit me awful hard. Why, the 
people just stared at me, and I can't stand that." The 
minister thought over the matter a few minutes and then 
said, "My friend, if my sermon was plain enough to be 
understood, I am glad indeed. That's what I was trying 
to do. There's nothing like 'putting on a shoe when it 
fits,' and I would advise you to profit by that sermon, and 
so regulate your life that you will not feel condemned by 
the next one. Come again!" Excuses, generally speaking, 
are poor things, but, most of all, on the matter of church 

A Zulu Christian wrote as follows to the British Secre- 
tary in South Africa: "Liquor is a great sin and a curse 
to our people. Why is this liquor brought here? Is it 
not a sin in England when people get drunk? If you be- 
lieve in Christ, why do you not stop liquor from coming 
to our country? If all white men were Christians, all of 
our people would enter into the kingdom of heaven. But 
the liquor and its effect are too much for us to bear." 
Here is a sad arraignment of the Christian nations be- 
cause of the awful curse they are inflicting uppn heathen 
nations by means of the liquor traffic. Well might the 
chieftain of a savage tribe oppose the advent of the white 
man among his people, when he had reason to say: 
"Wherever Christians go, they whiten the ground with 
human bones!" Shall poor, degraded, outraged heathen- 
dom ever learn the difference between the Christianity 
taught by Christ and practiced by his chosen people, and 
the sham piety of would-be professors, who send forth 
streams of death and destruction from so-called Chris- 
tian lands, to blight those nations which so much need the 
light of life and the hope of salvation? 


There is considerable said at times by opponents of 
foreign missions about people in heathen lands professing 
conversion for the sake of worldly gain. Admitting that 
the charge is partially true, we just wonder whether, in 
this favored land of ours, there are not some who coun- 
terfeit piety and honesty. It seems to us that the tempta- 
tion to hypocrisy is even greater in Christian than in 
heathen lands. One thing is sure, if the Christians of today 
would arise to the exalted position of the early Macedon- 
ian Christians, they would give themselves wholly to the 
Lord, and would undoubtedly abound in the grace of lib- 
erality. Already some of the converts in heathen lands 
put to shame the Christians at home by the largeness and 
cheerfulness of their giving. Korean Christians subsist 
on millet that they may sell the more valuable rice, and 
give the money thus gained to spread the Gospel. After 
they have done all this, they add the still more valuable 
gift of time, giving to the cause the unstinted effort of 
personal work in behalf of the unsaved. In Uganda one 
of the native preachers, learning that there was not 
enough money to pay the teacher's salary, contributed 
one-third of his own income toward making up the defi- 
ciency. Others followed the inspiring example. In India, 
Pandita Ramabai's "child widows" denied themselves of 
needed food that they might give one hundred rupees to 
send an Indian missionary to South Africa. The gifts 
that count most, as viewed by the all-seeing knowledge of 


With the New Year, the Old, Sure Refuge still, 

Our Father ruling on his throne above! 
He guides the nations by his sovereign will, 

He bears his people on his wings of love. 
Thy gracious care through all the past we see, 
The unknown future we can leave with thee! 

With the New Tear grant a new blessing, Lord! 
'Still unexhausted Is thy bounteous hand; 
Roses shall bloom, If thou dost give the word, 

And fountains murmur, in the desert land. 
Thy blessing fills the basket and the store; 
Give as thou seest good — we ask no more. 

With the New Tear old burdens still of care — 

The year of jubilee is not yet come; 
Still must we nerve our hearts, to do or bear, 

Pilgrims and strangers on the journey home. 
Not here our rest — to trial yet and toll 
We must go forward, through life's "little while." 

With the New Tear new hopes, for earth and heaven! 

Fair Nature's summer beauties shall return, 
And to US. also, sunshine shall be given — 

Our Father's children do not always mourn; 
New gifts of love, Hope in the future sees, 
And far beyond them "greater things than these." 

With the New Tear may the old faith remain! 

Rise, soldiers of the Cross, to fight once more! 
Let the old standard be unfurled again — 

"In this we conquer" now, as oft of yore! 
Stilt the old battle-cry, the old broad shield- 
Christ and his host again shall keep the field! 

With the New Year renew our hearts, O God! 

Renew our strength, to run the heavenly way; 
In the old paths, where all thy saints have trod, 

O Savior, lead us! help us, day by day, 
Through storm or calm, our journey to pursue, 
Till the bright morn when all shall be made new! 

— Carl Gerok. 

wanted a leader and law-giver for Israel, he chose Moses, 
who was instructed in alt the wisdom of the Egyptians, 
nut when he wanted a prophet to warn Israel of her im- 
pending doom, he chose Amos, who was no prophet, 
neither the son of a prophet, but a simple herdsman and 
dresser of sycamore trees. Evidently, God does not 
choose classes, he chooses individuals. 

But the ministers serve the church. Should not the 
church choose its own servants? It was not so in the 
apostolic church. Paul says in 1 Cor. 12: 28, " God hath 
set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, 
thirdly teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, etc." 
In those days God chose the ministers. Should he not 
do the same today? God alone knows what is in the man, 
and what is the need of the church. He alone can choose 
the right man for the ministry. 

But cannot God choose ministers through the church? 
He can if the church is right. If the members gather 
together in his name, consecrate themselves to his serv- 
ice, put away personal preferences and prejudices, pray 
earnestly for guidance, then wait until they are clear as 
to God's will in the matter, there is no reason why God 
cannot act through the church. But the congregation 
that utters a half-hearted prayer to God for guidance, and 
then proceeds to elect some man to the ministry without 
even knowing whether or not God wants an election, is 
treading on very dangerous ground. It cannot blame 
the Lord if it gets the wrong man. Even Jesus waited 
to know the will of God before choosing his disciples, as 
in everything that he did. He, like the true prophet that 
he was, waited for God to move before he moved. He 
waited for God to speak ere he spoke. He, being our 
Example, should not we, too, wait upon God? 

Yes, it is all right for the church to speak for God, after 
God has spoken to the church, but it is not all right for 
the church to speak until she has sought earnestly, through 
much prayer and waiting upon God, to know his will in 
so important a matter. Not that God is deaf or unwilling, 
but that the church is unable to hear God's voice, for 
all the selfish interests, prejudices, and indifference of 
the members. 

Now, to return to the two young men under considera- 
tion, which one should the church choose to the ministry? 
Perhaps both, perhaps neither. God knows; ask him! I 
am convinced that more prayer and more waiting for the 
voice of the Lord will enable the church to prevent the 
vast majority of mistakes, if not all, in her elections. 
May the Father guide the church by his Spirit to his 
praise in this as in other matters! Paul Mohler. 

3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago. 


Have you ever seen a preacher that couldn't preach? 
Did you ever see one that could preach all right but 
should not, on account of his character? How do such 
men get into the ministry? Have you ever wondered 
about that? 

A few days ago I received a letter, asking which of two 
members, in a certain congregation, should be called to 
the ministry — one, a poor and uneducated brother, who 
is willing to do all he can in the Sunday school and other 
church work, and the other an educated and talented 
brother who shirks his church duties, fearing election to 
the ministry. Now, would it not be nice if I could answer 
that just right? Of course, I know better than to under- 
take such a problem, but I am glad for what I have learned 
from the letter. Perhaps it will explain the condition men- 
tioned in my first paragraph. 

Suppose I should say, "Elect the faithful man?" I 
could give as my reason the fact that God can do won- 
ders with any kind of man, and that some of the most 
. unlikely of men have become great preachers. On the 
other hand, you could say, "Elect the talented man," and 
could support your position by the statement that God 
should have the best talent in the church in his service, 
and that many an unwilling man has accepted the ministry 
and done fine work, when it was pressed upon him. Thus 
the discussion would proceed to no end, and to no profit, 
for neither you nor I, nor any other man, can know what 
either of these men would do if called to the ministry. 
And that is why so many mistakes are made. Ministers 
are chosen on account of certain intellectual or spiritual 
qualifications that they seem to have, and not because God 
wants them. When God chooses, no mistakes are made. 

And what kind of men does God choose? When he 


"What kind of a church would my church be. 
If every member were Just like me?" 

I do not know who the author of this quotation is, but 
I regard it as one that ought to put us all to thinking 
carefully along the line of our lives. It will do no harm 
for the most consecrated to ask himself this question. 
Indeed, it will help every one to get his bearings and 
to locate himself. Then, too, it would help many profes- 
sors to a better life than they arc now living. 

Suppose, in looking along the line of my innermost self, 
I find that my motives have not been pure. Then, if 
every member of the church had the same kind of mo- 
tives, what kind of a church would we have? 

Suppose I am careless in my conversation, using lan- 
guage that is coarse and even vulgar, and beneath the 
dignity of our holy calling. Now, if every member of the 
church did the same thing, what kind of a church would 
we have? 

Suppose, in my dealing with my fellow-men, my aim is 
to drive sharp bargains, to get all a thing is worth, and 
as much more as I can, even if I have to strain the truth, 
or not telV the whole truth. If I, for instance, am selling 
a horse and know that he is fifteen years old, though 
I tell the purchaser he is only ten. Now, if every member 
of the church would do the same way, what kind of a 
church would we have? 

Suppose I am an irregular attendant at church services, 
giving only when everything is congenial, and, on the 
Lord's Day, make social visits, during which every topic 
is discussed except the salvation of the soul. Or, if I 
do go to church, I get in late, and every phase of my ac- 
tion, while there, shows that I am not interested. Now, 
if every member of the church would do just as I do in 
these things, what kind of a church would we have? 

Suppose the church needs funds to carry on her home 
work and also foreign missions. Then, when the collec- 
tion is made, I say to the solicitor, " I have earned my 
money and I don't propose to give it away for others. 
I expect to save it for a rainy day. Then, too, I want to 
have a good heritage for my children. They say, There 
are continual expenses. Our fathers did not have it so. 
Why, Bro. A was sexton for years and he never charged 
for his services as sexton, and I do not believe that we 
ought to pay now. Bro. A looked to the Lord for his 
pay, and he got on in the world, too. I am not respon- 
sible for the heathen. If they are lost it is not my fault." 
Now, if every member would reason and do that way, 
what kind of a church would we have? 

On the other hand, suppose every member were strictly 
truthful and honest, with motives pure in the sight of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 

God, liberal as God wants us all to be, walking uprightly 
before God and man, what kind of a church would we 
have? Surely it would be one that would capture the 
world for Jesus, — one before which the devil and the 
world could not stand. That is the kind of a church the 
Lord wants for his bride and he will have no other. Let 
us redouble our diligence and strive for a higher and 
purer life! W. R. Deeter. 

Milford, Ind. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country" 

Austin- — The writer had the privilege of visiting Bro. All- 
tis. of Hoxie, Ark., with the intention of holding a series of 
meetings, but on account of bad weather we returned home, 
promising to come again at a more convenient season. We 
have preached three missionary sermons this year. Two 
collections were taken, one for home mission work and the 
other for World-wide Missions. — W. L. Woodlel, Austin. Ark., 
Dec. 12. 


Butte Valley. — Dec. 9 Brother and Sister D. L. Miller came 
to us and remained over Sunday. Bro. Miller gave several 
Bible Land lectures and sermons, which were listened to with 
interest. On Sunday evening Sister Miller gave the primary 
workers a talk on the life of children in India- A teacher- 
training class has been organized, with Bro. Sam Holiinger 
as teacher.— Mrs. E. M. Wolfe, Macdoel, Cat., Dec 14. 

Cbico. — The mission work at Chlco Is moving along nicely. 
The attendance at the Sunday evening services is very en- 
couraging. The morning service Is not as well attended, but 
keeping up a good average. We now have 72 scholars en- 
rolled in the Sunday school, well arranged into six classes. 
These are taught by efficient and faithful teachers. One 
thing I have found, here at Chico, thai: is most commendable. 
That is, devotion to the cause and a willingness to take hold 
and work. We are only using the three Sunday-school rooms. 
The main auditorium is not yet completed. We hope to see, 
some day a prosperous congregation a* this place. — J. Har- 
man Stover, Chico, Cal.. Dec. 17. 

Long Beach. — Nov. 17 was our quarterly council. Bro. W. 
E. Trostle was with us and was chosen as our elder for an- 
other year. Bro. Masterson was chosen pastor, to do what he 
can In church work, along with his outside duties. Bro. J. 
M. Shively is our Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. James 
M. Neff and family are now with us, and we appreciate their 
presence and help among us. He gave us two very able and 
practical sermons yesterday, and we expect to hear from him 
frequently, while he is with us. We hope to have a series of 
meetings In the near future, conducted by Bro. L. D. Bosser- 
man, and a love feast is to follow. Our primary department 
of the Sunday school will have a Christmas service on Fri- 
day afternoon. On Sunday evening the Christian Workers' 
meeting will be a Christmas program also. At ihi3 Christmas 
time we want the children to learn to know more fully the real 
spirit of Christmas, and to love him more fervently who gave 
his Son for us. To our brethren and sisters who are spend- 
ing the winter in various parts of California we extend an 
invitation to come to the little church, down here by the sea- 
shore. Tour presence will be helpful to the little flock. The 
church is at the corner of Walnut and Bishop, and the Re- 
dondo Avenue car will bring you within one block of the 
church. — Susie Forney, 1219 E. Second Street, Long Beach, 
Cal.. Dec. 20. 

Oak Drove church met In council Dec. 11, Eld. G. S. Wine 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected for the en- 
suing year. Bro. Homer J. Coffman was elected superintend- 
ent The church decided to have a Bible study class to meet 
each Friday evening. — Ltnnie Coffman. Laton, Cal., Dec. 20. 


First Grand Valley church met in council Dec. 18. Bro. H. 
H. Mohler was reelected elder in charge. The Sunday-school 
and Christian Workers' officers were elected for six months. 
Bro. Frank Weaver was reelected superintendent for our 
country Sunday school, and Sister Lena Swank for our Mis- 
sion Sunday school in Grand Junction. We decided to hold 
a Bible Norma) sometime during February, to be conducted 
by Bro. S. Z. Sharp. A meeting Is to be held Feb. 11, to 
organize our new District of the western slope. — Cora Van 
Dyke, Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 23. 

Good Hope church met in council Dec. 18, our elder, Bro. 
D. B. Miller, presiding. One letter was received, — that of Bro. 
Jacob Zern, a minister in the second degree. For the coming 
year Sister Lettie Bamford was chosen church secretary, and 
the writer, church correspondent. For Sunday school Bro. 
Ezra Daggett was reelected as superintendent, with Sister 
Lettie Bamford as secretary. For Christian Workers' meet- 
ing Bro. J. H. Kinzie was chosen president, and Bro. Arthur 
Hulse, secretary. — Altha M. Daggett, Haxtum, Colo., Dec. 23. 


Winchester. — Instead of having their usual Christmas pres- 
ents, the little boys and girls of this place decided to send 
the money to help support an orphan In India. Then a special 
collection was taken, raising the amount to $25. — Jesse E. 
Walker. Box 35, Reuben, Idaho. Dec. 25. 


Hurricane Creek church met In council Dec. 18. The regu- 
lar time was Nov. 20, but as our elder was holding a series 
of meetings, it was postponed until Dec. 18. Bro. J. W. Lear, 
of Cerro Gordo, presided. There was not much business. 
Bro. Lear preached for us on Saturday night and Sunday 
morning, and would have preached again Sunday evening, 
had he not been called home to preach a funeral sermon. — 
Wm. H. Ketring, Mulberry Grove, 111., Dec. 20. 

Liberty church met in council Dec. 15, with Elders J. W. 
Harshbarger and M. L. Halin presiding. The letters of our 
elder and wife were received, they having recently located 
with us. The writer was reelected superintendent of the 
Sunday school for the coming year, and Sister Ola Akers, 
president of Christian Workers' meeting. Bro. Hahn 
preached for us in the evening. —Lillian Walker, R. D. 3, Lib- 
erty, ID., Dec. 21. 

Silver Creek. — On Saturdny afternoon, Dec. 18. Silver 
Creek church met In their last quarterly council for 1909. 
There was but little business to come before the meeting 
and this was disposed of pleasantly. Our annual Bible Insti- 
tute will be held during January. Those who attend, and 
take an active interest, will And a great deal of good brought 
to them through this Bible study. There could be no better 
preparation for a series of meetings, than to have every mem- 
ber attend an institute of this kind. We may have the bene- 
fits of the institute simply for the asking. Why not get them? 
A blessing always follows an earnest effort to know God's 
Word. About 60 of our members attended the Union Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' Meeting, held at Pine Creek 
Dec. 19. The meeting was interesting and beneficial. All who 
attended felt their enthusiasm for greater spiritual efforts 
strengthened, and their Sunday-school problems solved, — at 
least In part. — Elsie Emmert, Mt. Morris, 111., Dec. 23. 


Beech Grove^Bro. H. L. Fadely, of the Upper Fall Creek 

church, came to us Nov. 27, and held forth the Word for three 

weeks. Nine came out on the Lord's side. Eight were buried 
with Christ In baptism, while one awaits the rite. One was 
reclaimed. The church feels encouraged. — Hattle Shull, R. 
D. 38, Ingalls, Ind.. Dec. 24. 

Cedar Creek church met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. D. E. 
Hoover presiding. Six letters were granted. We elected 
Sunday-school officers for the next year as follows: Bro. 
David Gump, superintendent, and Bro. Walter Solienberger. 
secretary. Bro. W- R- Miller will be with us Jan. 15 and 
give us a week's lectures, and a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings. Sister Sadie Stutsman, of North Manchester, will open 
a singing class Dec. 24, and continue ten evenings. — Mary 
X. Hanson, Laotto, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dec. 14. In the absence 
of our elder, Bro. I. D. Parker presided. Two letters were re- 
ceived and one granted. We reorganized our Sunday school, 
with Brethren W. U. Miller and J. H. Grosh superintendents. 
Sister Nora Bollinger was elected president of our Christian 
Workers' meeting. Bro. Olln Shaw, of Dixon, 111., will be 
with us In a series of meetings some time in January. — 
Gladie S. Miller, 141 Garfield Avenue, Elkhart, Ind., Dec. 20. 

English Prairie. — The meetings, conducted by Bro. Ira Long, 
closed on Sunday evening. There were no accessions. Owing 
to the cold and stormy weather, the attendance was not very 
good, yet Bro. Long preached the Word with power to those 
who came. Dec. 18 we held a very spiritual love feast. The 
attendance was not as large as usual, on account of cold 
weather. Brethren Hardman and Weaver were with us. Bro. 
Long officiated. — Mary M. Rowe, Mongo, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Goshen (West Side). — Our council convened Dec. 4. Three 
letters were granted. Bro. C. A. Huber was chosen as our 
presiding elder for one year. A special council was held Dec. 
18. to finish up business for the year. Brethren Valentine 
Berkey and John J. Cripe were elected trustees for two and 
three years, respectively. Bro. Mllo Crlpe was elected church 
secretary and Bro. Chas. Troup. Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. These officers will take their places the first of the 
year. — Osie Brumbaugh, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Goshen church met in council Dec. 15. with our elder, Bro. 
I. L. Berkey, presiding. Two letters were granted and five re- 
ceived. Bro. I. R. Toder was elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent for the coming year. Bro. Melvin Swarts was chosen 
president of the Christian Workers' meeting. An offering 
of $11.37 was given on Thanksgiving Day, to be used for the 
poor of the city. Bro. Dorsey Hodgden. of Huntington, Ind., 
is with us in a series meetings, which began Dec. 17. — 
Emma Garver, 720 S. Main Street, Goshen, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Harrison County.— The members greatly enjoyed a few 
meetings, held by Bro. Peter Houk, of Kokomo, Ind. He 
came Dec. 4 and remained until Dec. 13. On account of the 
bad weather, the attendance was not large, but the interest 
was good. There were no accessions, but we have been 
greatly benefited and encouraged. One letter was granted. — 
Lydia Zimmerman, Dogwood, Ind., Dec. 15. 

Indianapolis. — In a former note we stated that Bro. J. C. 
Murray, of North Manchester, was unable to be. with us here. 
Since writing the report, he has been able to come to us, al- 
though not yet fully recovered from his accident. — Mary C. 
Stoner, 3522 W. Michigan Street. Indianapolis, Ind.. Dec. 20. 

Iiower Pall Creek church met in council Dec. 18. Eld. Shep- 
herd and Bro. Hoppis were with us. Eld. Shepherd had 
charge of the meeting. One letter was granted. Bro. F. S. 
Fesler, who was elected to the deacon's office at the time of 
our love feast, was duly installed. Bro. Hoppis preached for 
us on Saturday evening, and both morning and evening of 
Sunday. — Laura Chamberlin, R. D. 12, Anderson, Ind., Dec. 

Peru aUBSdon. — Since our last report Bro. Silas T. Fisher 
has moved Into our midst and we now have a resident min- 
ister. As Christmas is a time of giving, we shall start a 
building fund next Sunday. Dec. 2S. Our series of meetings 
will begin Jan. 9, 1910. The work is progressing nicely at 
thfs place, and we feel confident It will be only a matter of 
time until we have a strong church in this city. — Daisy Pet- 
ers, Peru, Ind., Dec. 20. 

Yellow Creek.- — Bro. Jesse Gump came to us Dec, 5 and 
delivered eighteen sermons. He preached the Word with 
power. Although there were no accessions, the church was 
strengthened. Owing to the severe cold weather and sick- 
ness, the attendance was not what it should have been. — 
Irvln Miller. Wakarusa, Ind., Dec. 20. 


Cedar Eapirts. — The Bible institute, conducted by Bro. E. 
M. Studebaker, closed last evening with a love feast. Zero 
weather prevented the attendance of members from adjoin- 
ing churches, but a pleasant meeting was enjoyed by the home 
members. Thirty-one members surrounded the tables, this 
being the largest feast we have ever had of our own mem- 
bers. — S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

English Biver. — We expect to hold a ten days' Bible Nor- 
mal conducted by Sister Newsome, of Bethany Bible School, 
Chicago, beginning Dec. 24. Our Sunday school and Chris- 
tian Workers' meetings are well attended. Our quarterly 
missionary collection at Sunday school, yesterday, was $8.70, 
which will be sent on its mission of saving souls. Besides 
this, the children gave a birthday collection, which will be 
sent to buy shoes at a mission. Our sisters are also busy, 
preparing provisions and clothing to supply the wants of the 
poor, thereby all sharing in the great work of saving souls. 
Yesterday was a very cold day, but the people turned" out 
well. Eld. S. Flory, past eighty-three years old, gave us 
a good discourse. Last night our dear young brother, H. C. 
Wenger, who is visiting here at this time, gave us a good 
discourse. Thus we have been truly blessed, and have much 
to be thankful for. Right now two of our ministers are 
away from home. One is with his family, visiting in Okla- 
homa, the other one is attending Bethany Bible School in 
Chicago. Those at home are thus kept rather busy.— Peter 
Brower, South English, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

Idbertyville church met in council, with Eld. W. N. Glot- 
felty presiding. Bro. James Hardy, of Kansas City, will hold 
a series of meetings for us in the fall of 1910. A local tem- 
perance committee was appointed to work with the District 
Committee. Our Sunday school was reorganized for the next 
six months. Bro. J. A. Wolf was reelected superintendent. — 
H. B. Johnston. R- D. 3, Batavia, Iowa, Dec. 20. 

South Keokuk church met in council Dec. IS. Our elder 
not being with us, Bro. Henry Butler presided. One letter 
was granted. We reorganized our Sunday school with Bro. 
Roy Shelley as superintendent, and Sister Jessie Gillam, sec- 
retary and treasurer. We decided to hold a series of meet- 
ings next fall. The meetings, now in progress at this place, 
are well attended, and much interest is manifested. — Bertha 
Shelly, R. D. 2, Ollle, Iowa, Dec. 20. 


Belleville church met In council Dec. 9. Sunday-school offi- 
cers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. Kenneth 
Applegarth, superintendent. Christian Workers' officers were 
also elected for the coming six months, with Bro. Levi Dag- 
gett, president, and Bro. Roy Westrlck, secretary. Death 
having claimed one of our church trustees, Bro. C. A. Ball 
was chosen to fill the vacancy. One letter was granted. We 
had expected to hold a Bible Normal In January, but as the 
committee has not been able to secure a teacher, it was post- 
poned. — Susie R. Williams, Rydal, Kans., Dec. 17. 

Burr Oak church met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. Daggett 
presiding. Considerable business came before the meeting. 
Two letters were received and six granted. Church and Sun- 

day-school officers were elected. Bro. J. F. Bell, who had 
faithfully served the church as treasurer for thirteen years, 
offered his resignation, and was succeeded by Bro. Noah 
Renner. Sister Rosa Garman was chosen clerk, Bro. J. F. 
Bell, Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Chas. Davison, Mes- 
senger agent, and the writer, church correspondent.- Bro. C. 
F. Daggett asked to be relieved as elder of the Burr Oak 
church, and Bro. T. E. George was chosen to that position. 
—Emma J. Modlin, Burr Oak, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Conway Springs — Tonight closes our Bible Normal, con- 
ducted by Bro. Sharp, of Frulta, Colo. The Inclement weather 
hindered the country people from attending. We feel, how- 
ever, that the meetings were productive of much good. Bro. 
Sharp surely has the events of the life of Christ well in hand. 
Our enrollment reached one hundred,. Last Sunday we took 
up a collection for the St. Joseph Christmas dinner for the 
poor, and this week our aid society is sending some clothing. 
etc., to the same place. The last two months have surely 
been full of spiritual nourishment and labor for us. The 
total number baptized, as a result of Bro. C. S. Garber's meet- 
ings, was thirty-one. Now Bro. J, W. Jarboe, of Quinter, Kans., 
is visiting among relatives here, and will be with us at our 
Christmas Day services.— J. J. Bowser, Conway Springs, 
Kans., Dec. 23. 

Grenola. — Dr. O. H. Tereman, of Kansas City, was with us 
Dec. 18 and 19. He gave us three Interesting and instructive 
sermons. It is a pleasure to listen to one who has had such 
wide experience In church work as Dr. Yereman. We sent a 
box of eatables to St. Joseph. Mo., for the poor children on 
Christmas Day. — Grace Schu), Grenola, Kans., Dec. 21. 

Kansas City. — Dec. G twelve members of our sewing class 
took two quilts, which they had made, and presented' them to 
an aged grandmother who Is living with one of her chil- 
dren. They were burned out some time ago. When she saw 
what we had, she said, "God bless the little girls." We all 
felt like thanking Jesus that we had the privilege of coming 
to this sister's home, to help In time of need. As we knelt, 
and had several prayers, the aged grandmother prayed most 
earnestly that the Lord might bless our dear little girls. 
We all went home rejoicing, feeling we had done something 
for Jesus. Next Saturday the girls were asked whether they 
wanted to make another quilt for some one else. Every hand 
went up with joy, for the privilege of helping the needy.— 
Sarah Crist, 18 North Ferree Street, Kansas City, Kans., Dec. 

McPherson. — Our communion, held this evening, was a 
fitting close to the series of meetings and the Bible Institute. 
About 275 communed. Bro. Lampin officiated. Ten were 
baptized as the result of the meetings and four as a result 
of decision, day. The Bible Institute was well attended. The 
series of lectures by Eld. J. J. Yoder, on "Some Things the 
Church Might Do," "Missions," "The Simple Life," etc.. were 
especially practical and timely. The Sunday school will have 
a "giving" program. Wichita, Hutchinson and India will be 
remembered, as well as the needy at home. — H. J. Harnley, 
McPherson, Kans., Dec. 19. 

Mcpherson. — On the evening of Dec. 23 the McPherson 
church had a "giving" Sunday-school program. After a 
very appropriate and Impressive program by the children, 
the offerings were carried forward by a brigade of boys, and 
piled on the table and platform. It was about a wagon load 
In all, including about one hundred pounds of dried fruit and 
other materials for India, thirty five-pound sacks of flour, 
fifteen men's suits, given by student boys, and many other 
things for the Wichita and Hutchinson Missions. The chil- 
dren donated their treat of nuts and candy to the children 
Of the Hutchinson Mission. Besides this, $25.65 In cash was 
donated for Wichita, Hutchinson, and India. A little over $25 
cash was given to Brother and Sister Eby, of India, the mis- 
sionaries supported by the McPherson church. None of the 
children of our Sunday school received anything. They car- 
ried their own presents to the table and stacked them up for 
the Hutchinson children. W© never had a better time and I 
never saw a happier lot of children. This proves again that 
" it is more blessed to give than to receive." If you really 
want to enjoy Christmas have a "giving" program.— H. J. 
Harnly, McPherson, Kans., Dec. 25. 

Pleasant View church met in council Dec. 18. instead of 
Dec. 25, our regular date, on account of having services on 
Christmas Day. Bro. C. E. Wolf, of the Hutchinson Mission, 
was with us. Bro. A. F. Miller was chosen elder for another 
year; Bro. Wilmer Keedy, clerk, and also corresponding secre- 
tary and Messenger agent. Bro. J. F. Showalter was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. Clarence Kegarice, 
secretary. A nominating committee was chosen for the re- 
organization of the Christian Workers' meeting. Five letters 
were granted since our last council. Since our recent series 
of meetings, conducted by Bro. Wolf, we have made new 
resolutions to do more and better work for the Lord. — Wil- 
mer Keedy. Darlow, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Prairie View. — Our series of meetings closed Sunday even- 
ing, Dec. 19. Bro. H. E. Brubaker, of Sterling. Kans., did 
the preaching and delivered fourteen sermons. There were 
no accessions, yet we feel that Bro. Brubaker has helped some 
to realize how they stand. Owing to the inclemency of the 
weather the attendance was not large.— Katie Roesch, Friend, 
Kans., Dec. 21. 

Quinter church held her quarterly council Dec. 11, Bro. D. 
A. Crist presiding. Seven letters were received, and three 
granted. We also had a two weeks' Bible Normal, conducted 
by Bro. Lauver, of Chicago. He is an able instructor. We 
decided to build a new churchhouse, forty by sixty feet, with 
an addition forty by forty feet. The solicitors are at work 
to secure needed funds. The Morning Star church recently 
held a two weeks' series of meetings. Bro. J. S. Mohler con- 
ducted the services. Three were received by baptism. They 
also held a love feast at the same time. About fifty com- 
muned. This body of members belong to the Quinter church. 
Bro. J. S. Mohler is now holding a series of meetings at 
Oakley, Thomas County, along the west border of our con- 
gregation. — J. E. Springer, Quinter, Kans., Dec. 23. 

Salem, — Since our last report we have held our love feast. 
Bro. M. Keller officiated. He also preached four splendid 
sermons. Our Thanksgiving service was well attended. We 
had a program for our Sunday-school scholars, after which 
the older people raised a collection of $34 to be used for vari- 
ous purposes. Our council was held Dec. 4, Eld. Lewis Fahr- 
ney presiding. We will have a special program on Christ- 
mas, Including a treat for the Sunday-school scholars. We 
will hold weekly. prayer meetings. Arrangements are being 
made to organize our young people In a special Bible class. 
A committee was appointed to arrange for a series of meet- 
ings in the near future. — Chas. W. McGonigle. Nickerson, 
Kans., Dec. 14. 

Scott Valley. — Dec. 4 Bro. E. D. Stewart came to this place 
and held a two weeks' series of meetings, preaching seven- 
teen excellent sermons. One was baptized. Many others 
were almost persuaded. Our little band Is in excellent work- 
ing order and we hope to build up the cause at this place. — - 
Leona Sherfy, Westphalia, Kans., Dec. 20. 

Wichita. — Our revival meetings, Bible Normal, and love 
feast, are In the past. Bro. Funk preached each evening for 
three weeks. Six were baptized. Bro. S. Z. Sharp conducted 
the Bible Normal, holding two meetings daily. The instruc- 
tion was excellent. We enjoyed a feast at the close, on Sat- 
urday night Sunday morning Bro. Sharp preached the fu- 
neral sermon of Bro. T. B. Young, who died suddenly on 
Thursday night. He was one of the pioneers of the Wichita 
church. — Susie Jacques, 1109 Wabash Avenue, Wichita, Kans., 
Dec. 17. 


Roanoke church met in council Dec. 18. Eld. J. C. Minnix 

presided. Considerable business came before the meeting. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 


Bro. S. A. Honberger commenced a series of meetings Doc. 4. 
He preached for us each evening except one, when rain pre- 
vented people from coming out. The Sundays of Dec. 12 and 
19 were too rainy for services. So far the attendance has 
been quite good, even under unfavorable circumstances. We 
expect to close the meetings Thursday evening, Dec. 23, with 
a love feast. A collection of J 7. 4 5 was taken for the St. 
Joseph Mission. We expect to hold an election for a min- 
ister, prior to our feast, in the afternoon of the same day. — 
J. I. Miller, Roanoke, La., Dec. 20. 


Locust Grove. — We closed an interesting series of meetings 
on the 14th, conducted by Eld. Chas. D. Bonsack. The interest 
was good and the members were spiritually built up. Our 
prayer fs that the good seed sown may produce fruit in the 
near future. — Maggie E. Ecker, Mt. Airy, Md., Dec. 21. 

Manor. — Bro. F. D. Anthony, of Waynesboro, Pa., began a 
series of meetings in the Marsh house Nov. 28, closing on the 
evening of Dec. 12. The attendance and attention were very 
good. Three were baptized and one reclaimed. The church 
lias been much encouraged and strengthened. — M. Portia Row- 
land, Fairplay. Md., Dec. 20. 

Terry. — We have a Christian Workers' Society here. In Ter- 
ry, where there is plenty of work for all. We are in great 
need of old clothing and other supplies. Anyone Interested 
will please forward donations to the writer. — Mattie Worden, 
New Era, Mich., Dec. 22. 


Cabool. — Yesterday Bro. Lemuel Hillery and wife left for 
their home in Goshen, Ind. It had been their intention to re- 
main here for the winter, for he suffers less here in some re- 
spects, though in others he has become worse, hence his de- 
cision to return to his home. Although he was here only 
three months, he won his way into the hearts of the people, 
and the Cabool church regrets to have him leave us. We 
feel he would have been a great help to the cause here. — Edna 
Garst, Cabool. Mo., Dec. 21. 

Shelby County. — Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joseph, Mo., came 
to our cburch Dec. 4, and commenced a protracted meeting 
Dec. 5. He held forth the Word with power. Seven were 
added to the church, and many are counting the cost. The 
doctrine of the church was held before the people in such a 
way that they could not help but understand it. During the 
first week the weather was very stormy, and roads were 
rough, so that the people could hardly come with teams. Some 
■walked, two and one-half miles. Our meetings closed Dec. 20 
with a full house. Never was there such an interest taken 
in any of our meetings here as at this one. We regretted 
to have them close so soon, but had to do it on account of the 
weather. — Lovina E. Lapp. Hagers Grove, Mo., Dec. 24. 

Smith rork church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. J. S. 
Kline presiding. Three letters of membership were granted. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. Sis- 
ter Cora Hoover was chosen as our superintendent. We de- 
cided to hold our series of meetings sometime in October. We 
had our usual services on Thanksgiving Day. A collection 
of $20.75 was taken for World-wide Missions. We expect to 
hold a ten-days Bible term during the Holidays, beginning 
Dec. 26, to be conducted by Sister Hettie Stouffer of the 
Bethany Bible School. — Sudie E. Hoover, Plattsburg, Mo., Dec. 

Sooth St. Joseph Mission is now about prepared to serve a 
very nice Christmas dinner for the poor. The provisions for 
this have been given us by the Brethren. There are many 
poor this year, on account of the severe winter. There is 
plenty of snow for sleighing, but the streets are in such a 
condition that we fear many will not be able to come. We 
had our children's Christmas, exercises last evening, followed 
with a treat to oranges, candy and nuts. Bro. P. B. Newman, 
our pastor for 1910, arrived yesterday from Cabool, Mo. He 
will begin a series of meetings tomorrow. As we are very 
busy now, we ask the Brethren to bear with us for a few 
days, after which we will send receipts for their donations. 
May the dear Father in heaven reward all who have given 
us aid for the Lord's poor of St. Joseph. — E. N. Huffman, Sta- 
tion D, 502 Kentucky Street, St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 25. 

Sonth St. Joseph Mission enjoyed a lecture on China, by 
Bro. O. H. Yereman, of Kansas City, Kans., last Saturday 
evening. He also delivered an address on India on Sunday 
morning, and at S P. M. His lectures were well attended 
and much good was done. We have planned our Christmas 
dinner for the poor. Provisions are high and it will cost us 
considerable. We have selected a place for it and are try- 
ing to buy our turkeys and chickens from parties outside of 
the city. — E. N. Huffman, Sta. D, 502 Kentucky Street, St. 
Joseph, Mo., Dec. 17. 


Bethel church met in council Dec. 19. The following offi- 
cers were chosen for the coming year: Bro. E. S. Rothrock, 
elder; Bro. Edd Heiny, clerk; Bro. Ross Lichty, treasurer; 
Bro. Harry Heiny, chorister; Sister Ella Saylor, Messenger 
correspondent. It was decided to have preaching only every 
two weeks and have Christian Workers' meeting on alternate 
Sundays, after Sunday school. Dec. 19 a temperance pro- 
- gram was rendered, which consisted of recitations, readings 
and temperance songs. — Sudie Fiory, Carleton, Nebr., Dec. 20. 

Silver church met in council Dec. 11, with our elder, 
Bro. P. T. Grabill, presiding. Three collections were taken 
up. We met on Thanksgiving Day for services. An offering 
of $5.50 was given for the poor. Our Christian Workers' 
meetings still continue. Great interest is manifested. — Mabel 
Hargleroad, R. D. 1, Box 57, Roseland, Nebr., Dee. 18. 


Cando.— -Bro. Landis, of Williston. N. Dak., commenced a 
series of meetings in Cando Dec. 6, and continued for two 
weeks. Attendance and interest were good. One was bap- 
tized. Bro. Landis gave us strong Bible teaching and we feel 
strengthened for better work in the future. — Mary L. Miller, 
Cando, N. Dak., Dec. 23. 

Eenmare church met in council today, Bro. J. C. Forney 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were selected. Bro. 
J. C. Forney was chosen eider for one year; Bro. Lewis Hyde. 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. J. Schwartz, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting; Sister Jennie Harris, church cor- 
respondent; Bro. Ray Harris. Messenger agent. Six members 
were received by letter. — G. I. Michael, R. D. 3, Kenmare, N. 
D., Dec. 18. 

Perth. — The Turtle Mountain church met in regular council 
Dec. IS. In the absence of our elder, John Brubaker, Eld. 
Jerry Kesler, of Zion. N. Dak., presided. Five letters were 
granted and two were received. One letter is that of Bro. 
Wm. Filer, a minister whose help is much appreciated. 
Several of our families have gone for the winter, among whom 
are Brother and Sister Michael Bloeher. wh.o are in Bethany 
Bible School. We miss their help in the Sunday school and 
church services. We elected Sister Lillie Stritzel church 
clerk; Sister Ida Fisher, correspondent; Sister Mary Hoffman, 
Sunday-school superintendent: Sister Florence Fisher, secre- 
tary and treasurer. Bro. Kesler preached three sermons for 
us. On Sunday morning our Sunday school took up a col- 
lection for the St. Joseph Mission. We sent our Thanks- 
giving offering to" Bro. Geo. Hilton, in China. We also hod 
the Messenger sent for a year to several families. We think 
this to be an excellent way of doing home mission work. — 
Ida C. Fisher, Perth, N. Dak.. Dec. 20. 

Zion. — Our Thanksgiving offering at the Zion house 
amounted to $25, to be used in the poor fund. On Sunday 
morning. Dec. 12, the Sunday school gave an offering of 

$16.25 for the South St. Joseph Mission. We met In council 
Dec. 15, with Eld. Isaac Miller presiding. Bro. D. F. Landis. 
of Williston, N. Dak., was with us. Ten letters were granted. 
and one was restored to fellowship. Eld. Isaac Miller was 
chosen as presiding elder for another year. Bro. D. M. Landis 
Is engaged in an Interesting series of meetings In the Cando 
house. — Myrtle Baney, Zion, N. Dak.. Dec. 17. 


Black Swamp. — On Sunday evening, Dec. 19, we closed a 
two weeks' series of meetings, conducted by Bro. C. W. Stutz- 
man, of Bllssfleld, Mich. He delivered nineteen instructive 
sermons. Dec. 18 we met In council, witli Bro. Uriah Garner 
presiding. All business was disposed of in a pleasant manner. 
Bro. George Garner and Sister Edith Baker were elected Sun- 
day-school superintendents for the coining year. — Ella E. 
Garner, R. D. 1, Walbrldge. Ohio. Dec. 23. 

Bunker HilL— Bro. Edward Shepfer, of Sugar Creek, re- 
cently preached for us. After services he. with several other 
brethren, anointed our elder, Bro. Josdah Hoclistetler, Bro. 
Hochstetler was unfortunate In falling on the Ice, sustaining 
serious injuries. We ask an interest in the prayers of God's 
people in his behalf. — Sarali Middaugh, Berlin, Ohio, Dec. 19. 

Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. IS, with our elder, 
Bro. J. R. Spacht, presiding. The following officers were 
elected for the coming year: Bro. C. C. Trackler, Sunday- 
school superintendent: also reelected church treasurer; the 
writer, church correspondent; Bro. W. O. Bosserman, presi- 
dent Of Christian Workers' meeting for the next three 
months. Bro. J. J. Anglemyer will remain with us another 
year. Bro. Ira Long will be with us In a scries of meetings 
some time next month. — Hattie Bame, R. D. 16, Williams- 
town, Ohio, Dec. 18. 

East Nimlshillaa. — In a recent issue of the Messenger the 
news item from the East Nimishlllen church, Ohio, says, 
"One was baptized." This is a mistake. It should have 
said, " Three were baptized." — A. J. Carper, Middlebranch, 
Ohio, Dec. 18. 

Hickory Grove.— Bro, Miller's lectures were followed by 
a series of meetings, conducted by Bro. H, S. Roplogle, of 
Elderton, Pa. He delivered twenty- two sermons. Twenty- 
nine were baptized, ranging In age from eleven to seventy- 
three years. Three were reclaimed. The meetings closed 
last evening with a communion. About 125 members sur- 
rounded the Lord's table, many of them for the first time. 
Bro. Replogle officiated. Our council was held Dec. 4, at 9 
A. M. Eld. Coppock presided. Officers for Sunday school 
and for Christian Workers' meeting were elected for the com- 
ing year. We feel encouraged in our work for Christ. — Ella 
J. Neher, R. D. 4, Box 39, Tippecanoe City. Ohio, Dec. 17. 

Lick Creek. — We met for services at 10 o'clock on Thanks- 
giving Day. Bro. Wm. St. John preached an Interesting ser- 
mon aftef which the other ministers gave short tnlkM. A 
collection of $17.60 was sent to World-wide Missions. Nov. 
21 was observed as Chicago Extension Fund Day. A collec- 
tion of $7.36 was taken for that purpose. Seven letters have 
been granted since our last report. Bro. D. J. Llchly gave 
three lectures on India on the evenings of Dec. 6, 7 and S, but, 
because of the inclement weather, but few attended the last 
two evenings. The addresses of Brethren Wm. and C. Ki'a- 
bill will be changed from Edgerton, Ohio, to Denton, Md. 
Bro. C. Krabill has not yet left for Maryland, but expects to 
go soon. — Lizzie Kintner, Ney, Ohio, Dec. Ifi. 

"West Dayton. — Our council was held on the evening of the 
16th. Elder D. S. Filbrun presided. Eld. D. M. Garvor was 
present and rendered valuable assistance. Much business came 
before the meeting, all of which was disposed of In peace and 
harmony. Two letters were granted. The two llnanclal com- 
mittees made their final report. A committee of ten was then 
appointed to carry out the work, as started by these two com- 
mittees. The church has adopted a plan whereby. It Is hoped, 
we may do away with all soliciting of fund. 1 !, and lessen the 
work of the treasurer. We also hope to educate our members 
to the blessing of systematic giving. So far the results have 
been encouraging. The treasurer's report shows the receipt 
of $377.16 for the last quarter, most of which was given under 
the new plan. The Sunday school is growing under the able 
supervision of Brethren Musselman and Shlvely. Teachers' 
meetings are frequently held. Our missionary, Sister Florence 
Lyday, Is doing faithful work. She visited 299 homes dur- 
ing the last quarter. Elections resulted as follows; D. W. 
Palmer, trustee; Ivan L. Erbaugh, clerk and Messenger agent; 
D. W. Kneisly, correspondent;. Sister Cordia Murray, Sunday- 
school secretary. A publicity committee was also appointed. 
We feel greatly encouraged and the church Is more united. 
The work is arduous, and most of it must, of necessity, be 
done after night. Our elder and pastor is laboring earnestly 
to build up the cause here. — D. W. Kneisly, 19 Baker Street, 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 25. 

West Milton church met in council Dec. 16, Eld. J. K. Brum- 
baugh presiding. One was reclaimed, and one letter was 
granted. Elders J. K. Brumbaugh and S. A. Blessing were 
chosen as our housekeepers. Bro. Lester Heisey was ad- 
vanced to the second degree of the ministry. Bro. Samuel 
Gnagey and the writer were chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendents. Bro. D. C. Fiory, of Virginia, is holding revival 
meetings here at present. He has so far delivered nineteen 
sermons. Three have been baptized and others are near. — 
R. C. Wenger, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio, Dec. 20. 


Big- Creek church met in council Dec. 17. Eld. A. J. Detrick 
presided. Church officers were elected for the coming year, 
and Sunday-school officers for the next six months. Bro. 
Harvey Fillmore was chosen superintendent, and Sister Fran- 
ces Kinsey, secretary of the Sunday school. We will con- 
tinue to support two missionaries another year with the Sun- 
day-school money. We had services on Thanksgiving even- 
ing and a collection of $6 was taken for World-wide Missions. 
— Mollie Fillmore, Cushlng, Okla.. Dec. 19. 

Guthrie congregation met In council Dec. 18 and elected 
church and Sunday-school officers. Bro. W. F. Ambrose and 
Sister Grace Neher were elected superintendents, with Slater 
Alma Homan, secretary. Sister Hannah Neher was reelected 
Messenger agent and Sister Lizzie Lehman, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting. The writer was elected church 
clerk and correspondent. — Emma Ambrose. Gen. Del., Guthrie, 
Okla, Dec 21. 

Notice. — Those especially wishing to correspond with the 
District Sunday-school Secretary of Oklahoma, Panhandle of 
Texas and New Mexico, will please note that, on account of 
poor health in my family I have resigned as your District 
Secretary, and the Mission Board has chosen Bro. A. J. Smith 
to fill the vacancy. You may address him at Ponca City. 
Okla.— E. J. Smith, R. D. 1, Cordell, Okla., Dec. 17. 

Paradise Prairie church met In council Dec. 11, at 2 P. M. 
Considerable business came before the meeting. Fourteen 
letters were granted. We are sorry to have so many of our 
members leave us, but hope that tbey will be a blessing wher- 
ever they go.— Jane Morris, R. D. 1, Coyle, Okla., Dec. 17. 


Ashland congregation met for services on Thanksgiving 
Day. A collection of $13 was taken and divided between the 
Tacoma, Wash., and Boise, Idaho, Missions, to help build 
churchhouses in those cities. Dec. 7 Brother and Sister D. 
D Miller were with us. Bro. Miller's talk on "Bible Lands 
and Customs" was much appreciated. — Cora B. Decker. Ash- 
land, Oregon, Dec. 18. 


Pairview. — Our series of meetings was conducted by Bro. 
Isaac Frantz, of Ohio. They began Nov. 27 and closed Dec. 

19. Twelve were baptized and four reclaimed. The attend- 
ance was good throughout, and the interest increasing. — J. 
B. Snowberger, Sheliytown, Pa., Dec. 20. 

lower Canowago church held a series of meetings which 
lasted for seven weeks, in three different houses. We had 
largo and attentive audiences. Seven members were added 
to our number by baptism, and a few more are almost per- 
suaded. Tho services were conducted by Bro. J. M. Mohler, 
of Lewlstown, and the home pastors. — J. H- Speck, Agent 
R. D. 1, Wellsville, Pa., Dec 24. 

Norristown church held a love feast Dec. 5. The attendance 
was good and the tables were filled. There were about one 
hundred communicants, Bro. Levi S. Mohler, of Elizabeth- 
town, will hold a series of meetings here, beginning Jan. 15. 
— Elizabeth H. Harley. 619 Haws Avenue, Norristown Pa. 
Dec 22. 

Notice. — The annual election for two trustees for the "Home 
for the Homeless" [for three years], will be held at the 
"Homo" near Manhelm, Pa.. Feb. 1, 1910, between the hours 
of 9 and 11 A. M. Inasmuch as a change of location will be 
made for the " Home," necessarily a change in the charter 
needs to be voted upon at the same time and place. All 
shareholders are invited to be present. — I. W. Taylor, Secy., 
'Manhelm, Pa., Dec. 23. 


Bethel. — Bro. U. S. Campbell was with us over Sunday and 
preached three sermons. Bro. Myers was also with us one 
Sunday. We are glad to have Brother and Sister Whitehead, 
of Roanoke, move in our little congregation. We know they 
can be helpful in the work. Our Sunday school will continue 
during tho winter. Wo wish to thank the sisters' aid so- 
ciety, of tho Cooks Creek congregation, for the box of cloth- 
ing sent us. — Maggie R. Cunningham. Box 19. Shipman, Va„ 
Dec. 20. 

Bottom Creok. — A union house, built by the Brethren and 
others, was dedicated by Bro. C, E Eiler about thirteen months 
ago. He preached for us three or four days. Eight came out 
on the Lord's side at that time. Bro. Eiler returned Dec. 11, 
and continued meetings until tho 19th. He preached sixteen 
sermons. Twenty-four came out on the Lord's side. Nine- 
teen received the sucred rite of baptism. Tho others will be 
attended to In the near future, Four were reclaimed. — N. 
P. Wlmmer, R. D. 2, Box 10, Copper Hill, Va., Dec. 21. 


" Write what thou eeoat, and send it unto the churches." 


I feel like giving a word of appreciation to our editorial 
staff by way of encouragement in their good work of 
procuring good reading for the Gospel Messenger and its 
readers. It grows better all the time. Praise the Lord 
for brethren that are able to write such articles as have 
been written in numbers 49 and 50. 

Bro. J. S. Fiory has written on " Organic Principles of 
Christianity," in the doctrinal number. I think one more 
might be added to this list, and that is on the use of 
tobacco. Then have all of these articles in envelope size 
tracts, with the full reading of the Scriptures (book, chap- 
ter and verse). If only the book, chapter and verse are 
given, there is not one out of a hundred who will look 
up tlie scripture reference. When the scripture is given, 
however, it makes its impression upon the readers and 
they do not lose the interest of thought in their minds 
by stopping to look up the scripture reading. I, as a mis- 
sionary, speak from experience, that all of our tracts 
ought to have the scripture given in full. 

It is to be regretted that too many of our brethren, — 
laity, deacons, ministers and elders,— are using tobacco, 
which is unnecessary, simply from a habit and nothing 
else. It is as much against a gospel principle as the using 
of alcoholic spirits, and much more offensive, in many 
ways. The church would not think of retaining a brother 
in the church who uses alcoholic spirits. Yet, with the 
scripture so plain, and in spite of Annual Meeting de- 
cisions bearing on the matter, brethren from the laity, as 
well as ciders, arc sent as representatives to district and 
Annual Meetings who use tobacco. Brethren, is it right? 
Railroads and many of our large corporations have said 
that their employes shall not use tobacco while in their 
service. They are putting our churches to shame on this 
and some other issues. C. E. Wolf. 

430 E. Fourth Avenue, Hutchinson, Kans., Dec. 17. 


Dec. 13 the ciders of the churches of Western Colorado 
met to effect a temporary organization for a new Dis- 
trict, for which permission had been granted by the dis- 
trict meeting of Northwestern Kansas and Northern Col- 
orado, Oct. 22, 1909. 

After devotional exercises, led by Eld. Henry Brubaker. 
the following temporary organization was effected: Eld. 
Henry Brubaker, moderator; Jas. A. Stouder, clerk. The 
time decided upon, to effect a permanent organization as 
a State District, is Feb. H,"1910. The meeting is to be 
held in the First Grand Valley church, five and one-half 
miles northwest of Grand Junction, Colo., and is to con- 
vene at 9 A. M. 

In order to provide for the expenses of work that is 
already in progress in the new district, a temporary Mis- 
sion Board was selected by electing Eld. A. A. Weaver, 
of Grand Junction, Colo., chairman; W. R. Hornbaker, 
of Clifton, Colo., secretary, and Bro. J. L. Keedy, of 
Fruita, Colo., treasurer. It was also decided to hold a 
ministerial meeting on the day before the district meet- 
ing, to convene at 10 A. M. An elders' meeting was also 
appointed, to meet on Wednesday evening, Feb. 9, at 7 
P. M. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 


During the Month of October 1909, the Gen- 
eral Mission Board sent out 66,774 pages of 

lr Xhe General Mission Board of the Church 

of the Brethren hereby acknowledges the re- 
ceipt of the donations received lor mission 
work during the month of October, 1909: 


HlinoiB— $60.05. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rock River, * l 50 

Sunday School. „ 

Lanark, D1 E5 

Individual. , nn 

U J. Gardes ° vv 

Southern District, Individual. 

Alice Rohrer 1 " v 

Kansas — $45.41. , 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Overbrook, wv\ x 

Southeastern District, Sunday School. 

Grenola, -■•■ 6 66 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Belleville 6 "> 

Individual. „ .. , Crt 

J. O. 1' ounce (Marriage Notice), .. 50 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Monitor 21 00 

G, W. Weddle (Marriage Notice), 60 

Maryland— S25.U0. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Chas. D. bonsack and wife, '» "B 

Missouri— $2 1.80. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Rockingham, ° 8U 

Individual. „ _ ft 

Amanda McLothlin 3 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister 10 00 

Indiana — $1930. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Rachel Weaver, 1 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Josephine Hanna, SIS; a sister, 60 


Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Dick Creek, $4; Portage, $1.46 5 46 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Oakland 10 00 

Individual. „ ,„ 

Jacob Grisso 2 40 

North Dakota — $12.95. 


Rock Bake 12 96 

Oklahoma — $12.40. 

Chas. C. Clark, $10; Receipt No. 

11018, $1.40; A. christner, $1 12 40 

Pennsylvania — $530. 

Eastern District, individuals. 

Anna E. Shank, $1; S. S. Beaver 

(Marriage Noticej, 60 cents 1 60 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister 2 00 

Western District, Congregation. 

Johnstown 2 00 

Washington. — $5.00. 

A Widow, 5 00 

California— S3.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

P. V. Du Bois 3 00 

Virginia. — $2.06. 

Second District, Individuals. 

Four Sisters 2 06 

Iowa — $1.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

J. Q. Goughnour (Marriage Notice).? <>0 

Southern District, Individual. 

B. E. Gardner 1 00 

Wisconsin — $0.50. 

Individual. , „ _ A 

W. H. Byer (Marriage Notice), . .$ - 60 

Mlnnes ota—$0.5O. 

Individual. , „ it . _. 

D. H. Keller (Marriage Notice),.. 60 

Total for the month $ 233 02 

Previously received, ..; 15,799 65 

Total for year so far, $16,032 G7 


California— $67.00. 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

Lordsburg. $12; Lordsburg Primary 

Department, $20, $ 32 00 

Christian Workers. nn 

Covins, ■ ■ ■ . . . . - ■ ■ ■ 2 00 

Santa Ana Young Peoples Mission 

Eand ^ 00 

Individuals. ,,. __ , 

Parry Bashtfr, $4; Mrs. Alice Van!- 

man, $1 6 00 

Ohio — $45.00. 

Northeastern District, Aid Society. 

Jonathan's Creek 20 00 

Northwestern District, Sunday School. 

Freeburg 20 00 


Christiana Thomas, $2.60; Nora 

Thomas, $2.50 6 00 

Pennsylvania— $30.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. „ nn 

Receipt No. 11011 5 00 

Southern District. „„ „„ 

Waynesboro Sisters' Miss. Circle, 20 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

" Jani Moti, ,f : 6 00 

Oregon — $20.00. 

Sunday School. „„ _„ 

Portland Mission 20 00 

Oklahoma— $18.00. 

Aid Society. „ „„ 

Guthrie, 8 00 

Individual. -- „„ 

Anna Kline 10 00 

Nebraska — $10.16. 
Sunday School. 

Bethel 10 16 

niLiois— S1O.O0. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Yellow Creek Primary Department. 10 00 
Maryland— ^$7.50. 
Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Hagerstown 5 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. Barbara Merrill, 2 50 

■;r ,:.[.. sas— $ 6.40. 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Slate Creek 6 40 

Michigan — $5.00. 

Sunday School. _ _„ 

Sunfleld 6 00 

Total for the month $ 219 06 

Amount previously received, . . . 1,763 56 

Total for the year so far, $1,982 62 


Washington — SIO.OO. 

Individual. „ „ 

C. A. Bates $ 10 00 

Missouri — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister, 5 00 

Iowa — $4,95. 

Middle District, Sunday School. 
Panther Creek $ j »° 

Total for the month $ 19 96 

Previously received : 318 14 

Total for the year so far $ 338 09 


Idaho — $5.00. 

Individual. . _ nn 

Lizzie Greene $ & "» 

Total for the year so far $ 5 00 


Washington — $10.40. 


C. A. Bates, (9.90; Loran Lavern 

Teeter, 6 years old, 50 cants $ 10 40 

Illinois — $7.17. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Bethany, » '' 

Southern District, Individual. 

Alice Rohrer 1 00 

Idaho — S5.0O. 

Lizzie Greene, 6 no 

Indiana, — $0.60. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Lottie Hummel 50 

Total for the month $ 23 07 

Previously received 291 78 

Total for year so far, $ 314 85 

Indiana — $o.go. 

Mrs. Lottie Hummel $ 50 

Total for the month $ 60 

Previously received 55 25 

Total for year so far $ 55 75 

Washington — $10.00. 
A Widow, $ io oo 

Total for the month $ 10 00 

Previously received 33 76 

Total for the year ....$ 43 76 

Ohio — $3.06. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek $ 3 06 

Total for tho month 5 3 06 

Previously received 22 53 

Total for the year so far $ 25 59 

Total amount for Septebmer, General Ex- 
tension Fund, $91.22; Building Fund, $24.13.— 
Chas. W. Elsenbise, 1118 So. Clifton Park 
Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

For year closing September 30, 1909. 
Cash on Hand and In Bank Oct. 1, 1909, $2301 69 

Bills Receivable, ; 1837 60 

Accumulated Interest, net, 160 16 

First Real-Estate Mortgage, net 769 98 

Stamps 11 76 

Inventory, _ „- 
Office and Mission Fixtures, ...$ 197 05 
House Furnishings for Mission- 
aries 73 56 

Pictures, 62 88 

Books, "Children of the Bible Se- 
ries," 215 09 

$5619 66 

Accounts Payable, $ 33 32 

Surplus, 6586 34 

$6019 66 
Summary of Receipts. 

Cash balance from last year $ 895 74 

Donations for General Fund 2J^0 » 6 

Donations for Building Fund ^32 00 

On Bills Receivable 687 50 

Interest, 160 58 

Hastings Sunday school 16 95 

Rent 16 00 

Goods Sold, 8 01 

Birthday Collections Extension 

No. 2 6 22 

Ogden Avenue Christian Workers, 5 40 

Unclaimed 17 88 

$4361 04 

Support of Missionaries, $ 241 92 

Allowance lor time of Mission- 
aries, 209 65 

Treasurer's Bond, 15 00 

Bookkeeping and Correspondence, 70 00 

Rent, 1298 Ogden Avenue 150 00 

Rent, 740 S. California Avenue, .. 375 00 

Rent, 840 S. California Avenue, . . 99 00 

Superintendent's time 333 33 

Printing 119 42 

Postage, 81 33 

Office Supplies 62 41 

Exchange, 1 75 

Traveling Expenses 20 00 

Sunday-school supplies 96 97 

Food, Coal, Flowers, etc., poor, . . 75 06 

Janitor Service, 36 10 

Coal, Wood and Gas 23 62 

Books and Purses 10 78 

Freight, Drayage and Express, .. 11 00 

Miscellaneous, 37 12 

$2059 35 
E zplanations . 

In the above report the word "surplus" in- 
dicates the difference between the assets and 
the actual indebtedness. We have made free 
use of printers' ink in advertising the re- 
spective services during the year, which ac- 
counts largely for the size of the printing 
item. In the item of Sunday-school supplies 
are Included those for the fourth quarter of 
1909, being the first quarter of our present 
year. The same is true In the item of sup- 
port of missionaries, as the living for October 
was advanced before the close of the books 
for the year. 

Chas. W. Elsenbise, Treas. 

Auditors' Beport. 

Chicago, 111., Nov. 9, 1909. 

We, the undersigned committee, appointed 
by the First Church of the Brethren of Chi- 
cago to audit the books and accounts of the 
Brethren Sunday-school Extension of Chicago 
for the fiscal year closing September 30, 1909, 
having examined the books and accounts find 
them correct to our best knowledge and belief. 

D. Owen Cottrell, 

E. C. Metzger. 

All the churches of this new territory were represented 
but one, that one having no resident elder. However, 
the elder in charge of that church was present. All the 
elders of this new territory were present except two, 
one was holding Bible normals in Kansas, and the other 
in Oregon. 

While not much business was transacted at this meet- 
ing, yet all that was done was in perfect harmony. Our 
prayer is that unity of purpose, diligence in every ave- 
nue of work, and immeasurable love for Christ and the 
church, be characteristic of every meeting of this new 
District from henceforth and forever. 

Dec. 13. James A. Stouder, Clerk. 


" What therefore God has joined together, let not man put asunder." 
Marriage notices shonld bp acconiptmled by 60 cents. 

Blocher-Wiaman. — Dec. 16, 1909, by the undersigned, at the 
home of Brother and Sister I. J. Trostle, at Franklin Grove, 
111., Bro. Clifford A. Blocher and Sister Elizabeth Wlsman, both 
of Franklin Grove, 111. O. D. Buck. 

Fiscel-Keniiey.— Dec. 16, 1909, by the undersigned, at the 
home of Brother and Sister, I. J. Trostle, at Franklin Grove, 
111., Mr. Dee R. Fiscel, of Nachusa, 111., and Sister Nellie Ken- 
ney, of Franklin Grove, 111. O. D. Buck. 

King-Hanson. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's father, near Cedar, Ind., Dec. 16, 1909, Bro. Albert C. 
King, of Defiance, Ohio, and Sister Myrtle A. Hanson, of Cedar, 
Ind. D. E. Hoover. 

Bickrode-Bowers. — By the undersigned, at Meadow Branch, 
Md„ Dec. 11, 1909, Clayton A. Rlckrode. of Hanover, Pa,, and 
Minnie Bowers, of York, Pa. W. E. Roop. 

Simpson-Wray. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Prescott, Iowa, Dec. 8, 1909, Bro. Cloyd J. 
Simpson, of Mt. Etna, Iowa, and Sister Cora E. Wray, of Pres- 
cott, Iowa. D. F. Sink. 



"Blessed are the dead 

vhich die in the Lord." 

Balsbangh, Ero. Henry, oldest member of the Harrisburg, 
Pa., congregation, died Dec. 6, 1909, in his 85th year. Two 
sons and one daughter survive. For the past five years he 
had made his home at the Messiah Home, an institution con- 
ducted by the Brethren in Christ. Services Dec. 10 by Breth- 
ren John H. Witmer, Adam Shope, Geo. Detwiler and the 
writer. Text, Rev. 14: 12, 13. A. L. B. Martin. 

Beaam, Bro. J. F., died of tuberculosis, In. the Beaver Creek 
congregation, Va., Dec. 6, 1909, aged nearly 40 years. He was 
married to Sister Minnie Holler, who survives; also a brother 
and sister. Services at Beaver Creek, by Eld. E. Long, as- 
sisted by Eld. A. S. Thomas. Text, Heb. 9: 27. 

Nannie J. Miller. 

Bobblet, Sister Margaret, nee Oren, born In Miami County, 
Ohio, May 6, 1830, died In the bounds of the Roann church, 
Ind., Dec. 12, 1909, aged 79 years, 7 months and 6 days. She 
became a resident of the State of Indiana In 1830. On April 
22. 1847, she was married to Jacob Bobblet, to which union 
were born thirteen children, four of whom, with her com- 
panion, preceded her. Eight daughters and one son survive. 
Sister Bobblet united with the Church of the Brethren In 1870 
and lived a faithful Christian life. Services at the Roann 
church, by Elders I. E. Warren and David Neff. All the chil- 
dren were present except one who lives In Michigan. Inter- 
ment at the Riverbrldge cemetery at Roann. 

Katie Baldwin. 
Cripe, Sister Ethel R., only daughter of John Crlpe and wife, 
born near South Bend, Ind., March 22, 1887, died In the same 
community Nov. 25, 1909, aged 22 years, 8 months and 3 
days. A few days before her death she was received as an 
applicant for baptism. She bore her suffering with Christian 
fortitude. Services by the writer on Sunday, Nov. 28, at 2 
P. M., at the Ulery church, three and one half miles north of 
South Bend. H. W. Krieghbaum. 

Grouse, Bro. Basil Arnold, died of tuberculosis of the lungs, 
Dec. 10, 1909, at the home of his parents, Bro. Joseph and Sis- 
ter Jennie Crouse, near Thomas. Okla., aged 19 years, 9 
months and 15 days. He was baptized about seventeen days 
before he died, and was also anointed before his death. He 
leaves father, mother, four brothers and two sisters. Serv- 
vices at the Mount Olive church, by Bro. W. B. Glsh. Inter- 
ment at the Mount Olive cemetery. Elsie K. Sanger. 

Banner, Sister Elizabeth, died at the home of her daughter. 
In Carlisle, Pa., Dec. 11. 1909, aged 82 years. 11 months and 
29 days. Services on Dec. 13, by Rev. Sones, of the Evan- 
gelical church, and the writer. Text, Fsa, 16: 11. 

A. D. B. Martin. 
Forney, Sister May, of Sipesville. Pa., died Dec. 2, 1909, aged 
38 years, 7 months and 23 days. She was a faithful member 
of the church for twenty-four years. Services by the writer. 

P. J. Blough. 
Garwick, H. H., Born In Carroll County, 111., In 1862, died at 
his home near Fredonia, Texas. Dec. 15, 1909, aged 47 years. 
He was united in marriage to Barbary Stoner, of Franklin 
County, Pa., in 1887. In 1893 he moved with his family on a 
farm near Dallas Center, Iowa, where they resided until Janu- 
ary, 1908, when they moved to Fredonia, Texas. He united 
with the River Brethren at the age of twenty, which church 
he served as minister for about twenty years. He appeared 
to be in good health until about a' month before his death 
occurred. His wife and seven children survive, one child hav- 
ing preceded him In Infancy. By request of the people of 
Dallas Center, Iowa, his body was brought back for burial. 
The second service was held in the Brethren church near Dal- 
las Center. Text, Rev. 14: 13. Services were largely attended. 

Roscho Royer. 
Gephart, Eld. J. W., died at his home at Arkadelphla, Ark.. 
Nov. 18, 1909, aged 66 years, 8 months and 10 days. He was 
a minister since Nov. 15. 1871. In 1880 he came to Arkansas 
and began preaching immediately. Brethren were unknown In 
this part of the country previous to this time, but soon a 
congregation was built up under his influence, and he made 
many friends by his earnest labors. A wife and two children 
survive. S. D. Hall. 

Grammar, Thomas Franklin, youngest child of John and 
Rebecca Grammar, died at his home In Lower Stillwater con- 
gregation, Ft. McKinley, Ohio, Dec. 13. 1909, aged 26 years and 
17 days. He was married to Myrtle Musselmen Dec. 16, 1904. 
To this union was born one son. Seven years ago he united 
with the Church of the Brethren. At the time of his death 
his membership was with the Progressive Brethren. He leaves 
his wife, son, an aged mother, two brothers and two sisters. 
Services at Ft. McKinley, by Martin Shlvely and the writer. 
Interment In the cemetery near by. A. L. Kleplnger. 

Grhuinger, Sister Susan, died of cancer, in the Lewistown 
congregation, Pa., Dec. S, 1909, aged 60 years, 6 months and 8 
days. Interment at Dry Valley. Services by the writer, as- 
sisted by Bro. H. A. Spanogle. Text, 1 Tim. 4: 6-8. 

S. J. Swigart. 

Hardin, Bro. Carmlchael, born at Raleigh, N. C, May 21, 
1826. died at the home of his son, near Chillicothe, 111., Oct. 
28, 1909, aged S3 years. 5 months and 7 days. At the age of 
four years he moved with his parents to Indiana, where, at 
the age of twenty-one. he was married to Nancy Blankenship. 
To this union a large family of children were born, five of 
whom survive. His wife preceded him in 1882. He was 
again married In 1883, to Sister S. Davis who survives. Bro. 
Hardin was a member of the church for fourteen years. Ser- 
vices by the writer, assisted by Bro. J. W. Switzer. Text, 1 
Cor. 5: 10. D. E. Eshelman. 

Hartley, Sister Annie, died In the Lewistown congregation, 
Pa., Dec. 9, 1909. aged 34 years, 7 months and 27 days. Her 
illness lasted only about twenty-four hours. Services by the 
writer and Bro. H. A. Spanogle. Text, Philpp. 1: 21. Inter- 
ment at Dry Valley. s. J. Swigart. 

Holler,, Sister Susan M., of the Green Mount congregation, 
Va., died Dec. 4, 1909, aged 69 years, 2 months and 21 days. 
She had been a great sufferer for several years, but bore It 
ail patiently. After the death of her husband, Bro. Christian 
Holler, she made her home with her sister, Mrs. Timothy 
Funk. Services at Singers Glen Baptist church, by Eld. I. C. 
Myers, assisted by Mr. Bundle, pastor of the Baptist church. 
Text, 1 Cor. 15: 21. Interment in Singers Glen cemetery. 

L. Katie Ritchie. 

Kaufman, Henry H., son of Isaac and Fanny Kauffman, 
born in Manor township, Lancaster County, Pa, Dec. 2, 1866, 
died in Oroville, Cal„ Nov. 17, 1909, aged 42 years, 11 months 
and 15 days. He is survived by his wife, daughter, one 
brother, three sisters and mother. The body was brought 
east for burial. Services at the home of his mother in Mount- 
vllle, Lancaster County, Pa., by Bro. I. N. Musser, assisted 
by Rev. R. R. Butterwick, of the United Brethren church. 
Text, John 14: 3. Interment in Mountville cemetery. 

Annie Sheirich. 

Leasure, Sister Melvie I., nee Hoke, only child of Lewis and 
Minnie Hoke, died of consumption, in the bounds of the Salem 
congregation, Ohio, Dec. 3, 1909, aged 22 years, 4 months and 
9 days. She was married to Joseph Leasure April 15. 1905. 
To this union two children were born, one of whom survives. 
July 15, 1909, she united with the Church of the Brethren' 
Services by Brethren Geo. Waitman, Jesse Stutzman and Ezra 
Flory. Text, 1 Cor. 3: 21. Interment in the Union cemetery. 
Josephine M. Folkerth. 

McCrary, Ada Ora, only daughter of Mrs. Valeena McCrary, 
born in Hamilton, Mo., March 5, 1906, died near the same place 
Nov. 14, 1909, aged 3 years, 8 months and 9 days. Her illness 
was of only a few hours' duration. Her mother survives, her 
father having preceded her two years ago. Services at Wesley 
Chapel Nov. 16, by Rev. Thompson. Interment in the Mc- 
Crary cemetery, north of Hamilton. L. O. Hendricks. 

Miller, Sister Eliza Ann, nee Malann, widow of Bro. Samuel 
B. Miller, died at the home of her daughter, Sister John Krine, 
near New Chester, Adams County, Pa., Nov. 28, 1909, aged SI 
years, 2 months and 4 days. She was a member of the 
Church, of the Brethren for over fifty-five yeaFs. She was 
anointed a few days before death. Four sons and one daugh- 
ter survive. Services by Elder C. L. Baker. Interment near 
Hampton, Pa. Nellie I. Baiter. 

Moss, William, died at Greene, Iowa, Dec. 11, 1909, aged 73 
years. His death was caused by a paralytic stroke. Since 
last October he was a member of the Christian church. Serv- 
ices conducted by Eld. Fisher, of the Presbyterian church. 

J. F. Eikonberry. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 


Nell, Hattie, Infant daughter of Charles and Sister Annie 
Nell, died near Berraudian P. O., Adams County, Pa., Aug. 9, 
1909, aged 1 year, 2 months and 5 days. Services at the Evan- 
gelical church (Red Mount) near Bragtown, Pa,, by Eld. C. L. 
Baker. Nellie- I. Baker. 

Newborn, Sister Mary E., of Hutchinson, Kans., died at the 
home of her daughter in Kansas City, Mo., Dec. 17, 1909. aged 
63 years, 8 months and 6 days. She was a resident of Hutch- 
inson for eleven years. Three daughters and one son survive. 
Sister Newbuvn was a member of the Church of the Brethren 
for thirty-five years. Services at her late home, 1920 Elm- 
wood Avenue, Kansas City. Interment near Dorrance, Kans. 

I. H. Crist. 

Bebert, Sister Maria, died at the home of her niece, Sister 
Alice Nissley, in Harrisburg. Pa.. Dec. 12, 1909, aged 69 years, 
9 months and 3 days. She was a member of the church since 
she was thirteen years old. Services Dec. 16, by the writer 
and Bro. D. H. Widder. Text, Job 7: 6. A. L. B. Martin. 

Bupert, 13ro. Samuel G., born in Huntingdon County, Pa., 
Dec. 11, 1849, died near Heart, N. Dak., Dec. 11, 1909, aged 60 
years. He united with the Brethren church in 1869, was 
elected to the ministry in the Altoona church. Pa., in 18S7, 
and was a prominent church worker in Middle Pennsylvania. 
He was a member of the Mission Board for several years. 
About four years ago he moved with his family to Heart, N. 
Dak. His health failed and he had a desire to visit his old 
home in Pennsylvania. On the day of his death he and his 
wife, and son-in-law and family, started for Almont to take 
the train, but they had gone but a few miles from home when 
his death occurred. Services were conducted at Lewistown, 
Pa., by Eld. Albert Steinberger and Bro. H. A. Spanogle. 
Text, Matt. 24: 43. Interment at Mt. Hock cemetery. 

S. J. Swigart. 

Seese, Sister Susie, nee Berkebile, born April 10, 1869, died 
in the bounds of the Shade Creek congregation, Somerset 
County, Pa., Dec. 14, 1909, aged 40 years, 8 months and 4 
days. Deceased was baptized Jan. 25, 1885, and lived a de- 
voted, Christian life until death. Her mother, one brother, 
six sisters, husband' and twelve children survive. Services in 
the Berkey church, Dec. 17, by the writer, assisted by Bro. P. 
J Blough. Interment in Berkey cemetery. David M. Adams. 

Snyder, Mrs. Elizabeth, born March 25, 1830, died 
Dec. 13, 1909, aged 79 years, 8 months and 28 days. She lived 
with her daughter, Mrs. Emma Fisher, of Akron, Ohio, and 
was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren since 
her eighteenth year. She leaves four daughters. Four chil- 
dren died in childhood. Her husband, Peter J. Snyder, died 
thirteen years ago. Services at the Springfield church, con- 
ducted by Brethren M. S. Young and A. F. Shriver. Burial 
in cemetery near by. Alice C. Mumaw. 

Thomas, Sister Margaret A., nee Dunmire, of Teseott, Kans., ■ 
born in Mifflin County, Pa,, Jan. 21, 1834, died at the home of 
her daughter, Mrs. W. T. Fitch, near Minneapolis, Kans., Dec. 
1, 1909, aged 75 years, 10 months and 10 days. During the 
past two years she suffered intensely. On March 29, 1S55, 
she was married to A. W. Thomas, of Pennsylvania. They 
came to Kansas in 1887, making their home on a farm near 
Culver. After the death of her husband, nineyears ago, she 
resided in Teseott. Three sons and four daughters survive. 
Sister Thomas was a devoted member of the Brethren church 
for fifty years. Services by Bro. J. F. Hantz, of Abilene, as- 
sisted by Mr. Midgley, of Minneapolis. Text, Heb. 13: 14. In- 
terment at Culver Union cemetery east of Teseott. 

Clara T. Brandt. 

Ulrica, Claude, the only child of John H. and Martha Ulrich, 
born south of Hagerstown, Ind., April 4, 1879, died in Rich- 
mond, Ind., Nov. 3, 1909, aged 30 years, 6 months and 29 days. 
Nov. 7, 1901, he was married to Mabel Lontz. He has been 
afflicted more or less for several years, but during the last 
few days of his life his intense suffering rendered him in- 
capable of talking. His father preceded him in 1897. His 
wife, daughter and widowed mother survive. Services by 
Eld. L. W. Teeter, assisted by Rev. Fred Thelnburg, of the 
M. E, church-, at the Brick church. Text, Luke 7: 13-16. In- 
terment in the cemetery near by. Chas. W. Miller, 

Ulrica, Sister Phebe, daughter of Abraham and Hannah 
Wimmer, born April 30, 1823, in Preble County, Ohio, died at 
her home in Hagerstown, Ind., Oct. 21, 1909, aged 86 years, 
5 months and 21 days. On April 21, 1844, she was married to 
John T. Ulrich, who preceded her in February, 1900. To this 
union were born two children who died in Infancy. She 
raised a little orphan girl, Ida Replogle, now the wife of 
Benton Deardorff, of North Dakota. About two years ago she 
was anointed. One brother and sister survive. Services by 
Eld. L. W. Teeter, assisted by Eld. D. E. Bowman. Text, 
Rev. 21: 4. Interment In cemetery near by. 

Chas. W. Miller. 

Ziegler, Sister Rachel, died at the home of her granddaugh- 
ter, Mrs. Isaac Buclier, at Harleysville, Pa., in the bounds of 
the Indian Creek church. Dec. 7. 1909, aged 80 years. 1 month 
and 9 days. She was a member of the church since early in 
life. Two sons survive. Her husband died many years ago. 
Services at the Indian Creek church, conducted by Brethren 
J. M. Price, J. B. Shisler and Elmer Moyer. Interment at the 
same place. Hannah R. Shisler. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

A weekly religious journal, 16 large pages, is published 
in the interest of the Church of the Brethren, and is the only 
church organ published by the authority of the Conference. 
It most earnestly pleads for a return to the apostolic order 
or worship and practice. 

It holds that the Bible is a divinely-inspired book, and 
recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of 
faith and practice for the people of God. 

It also holds to the doctrine of the Trinity, teaches future 
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a pure, holy and upright life before God and man. 

It maintains that only those who remain faithful until 
death have the promise of eternal life; 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins; 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three times 
face-forward is Christian Baptism; 

That Feet-washing as taught in John 13, is a divine com- 
mand to be observed by the church; 

That the Lord's Supper is a meal, and, in connection with 
the Communion, should be taken in the evening, or after the 
close of the day. 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, 
Is binding upon the followers of Christ; 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and 
self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That a Nonconformity to the world In daily walk, dress, 
customs and conversation is essential to true holiness and 
Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exercises, 
Christians should appear as directed In 1 Cor. 11: 4, 5. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of Anointing the sick 
with oil In the name of the Lord. 

In short, it Is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
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His Life 

A complete story of the life of 
Christ In the words of the four Gos- 
pels, using the American Standard Re- 
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complete harmony of the Gospels in a 
single narrative, giving what each of 
the four gospel writers has recorded In 
chronological order. 

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I And What They Teach Us | 

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which 400 beautiful engrav- 
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events of Bible History. 
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more pictures. A short story 
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proved very helpful wherever used. As 
a Christmas gift from teacher to pupil 
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valuable to Homo Department members 

In addition to the International Dally 
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the year, also the Golden Text for each 
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writers, helpful thoughts for every-day 
living, A calendar for the entire year is 
printed on the back, and an extra leaf 
Is Inserted containing Scripture selec- 
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Beautiful cover design. 

Map of the"" 

Roman Empire 

Illustrating the Journeys of 
the Apostle Paul based on recent 
explorationa of Ramsay. Sterrett 
and others. Size, 36 x 68 inches. 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1910. 


Botetourt.— Dec. 12 Eld. C. D. Hylton began a series of 
meetings at Cave Kock church, In our congregation. Meet- 
ings continued till the 21st, — fourteen sermons in all. As a re- 
sult fourteen cam© forward. One of the number ts to be re- 
stored The following day Bro. J. W. Ikenberry, who has 
charge of that point, baptized six. Others will be baptized 
Jan. 2. — Alda Hylton, TroutviUe, Va,, Dec. 25. 

Peters Creek church met In council at Poage's Chapel Dec. 
11, with Eld. C. E. Eller presiding. Five letters were granted. 
Our Temperance Committee recommended that there be a 
temperance sermon preached at each preaching point, some 
time during the year, and that the collection taken on the 
Sundays on which the temperance lesson is taught, be sent 
to the treasurer of the General Temperance Committee. Bro. 
Levi Garst was chosen clerk for the new year, and Sister 
Mildred Naff church correspondent. — Sina L- Garst, Salem, 

Angela Beat.— Brethren M. I. Dlckerson and J. F. Keath 
came to our place on Saturday evening at which time we held 
communion services. Only ten surrounded the table. On 
Sunday the brethren preached two able sermons. — N. F. Kin- 
grea, Lawton, Va., Dec. 21. 

Harmon congregation met in council Dec 11. It being our 
regular time. In the absence of our elder, Bro. Jonas Fike, 
Bro S. P. Harman presided. Bro. Fike could not be present 
on account of the Uln^u™ of his wife, who has been sick for 
more than a month. Our pra.vcrs are in their behalf. At our 
Thanksgiving meeting the offering amounted to $8.00, which 
was very liberal, considering that only eight or nine were 
present— Nettle Harman, Harman. W. Va., Dec 20. 

Pleasant Valley.— Bro. Ezra Fike, of Eglon, W. Va., came 
here on the evening of Dec. 11. commenced our series of meet- 
ings, and remained till Dec. 20. preaching. In all, eleven dis- 
courses while here. The members were greatly revived. We 
appreciate Bro. Fike's preaching. There was one applicant for 
baptism.— M. C. Czigan, B. D. 1, Auburn, W. Va.. Dec. 25. 

Pine Creek church met in council at the west house Dec. 
18. our elder, Bro. Daniel Wysong. presiding. Brethren J. 
M. Moore and Daniel "Whitmer were also present. Three were 
received by letter. Church officers were elected as follows :_ 
Bro. D. B. Steele, clerk; the writer, treasurer and correspond- 
ent. We also met Dec. 23 at the center house, to elect our 
Sunday-school officers for the different houses. Bro. William 
Summers was elected Sunday-school superintendent for the 
east house, Bro. D. A. Rupel for the west house, and Bro. 
Jesse Plpplnger, for the Blissville house.— M. S. Morris, R. 
D. 1, Waikerton, Ind., Dec 24. 

Correction. — In my report from Willow Creek, S. Dak., in 
Gospel Messenger of Nov. 6, page 717, where I say "Bro. 
Peter Brower," I should have said, "Bro. J. J. Brower." — 
Eva Heagley Hurst, Wetonka, S. Dak., Dec. 21. 

Shiloh church recently closed an interesting series of meet- 
ings, conducted by our elder, Bro. Obed Hamstead and the 
home brethren. The meetings began Dec. 11 and continued 
until the 22d. Bro. Hamstead preached eleven sermons. The 
interest was good and the members are built up spiritually. 
One sister accepted Christ, and good impressions were made 
on the minds of many. We met in council Dec. 18, our elder 
presiding. Considerable business was disposed of. Three 
letters were granted. A collection of about 38 was taken for 
church expenses. — Dora Auvil, Valley Furnace, W. Va., Dec. 

Patterson Colony. — This Is a beautiful place, about 108 
miles from San Francisco. Wife and I arrived here on 
Thanksgiving Day. We are the first to locate here. It is 
one of the best places we have ever found for missionary 
work. The people seem to be wholly given to worldly 
pleasures Our new town will start without saloons: We 
hope it will not be long till other Brethren will come and 
assist us in the work. We want to hold a few meetings and 
organize a Sunday school as soon as possible. Let many 
answer the call! — W. F. Haynes, Westley, CaL, Dec. 21. 

South Beatrice church met in council Dec. 18. Bro. Samuel 
Terwiliger was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Fifteen 
church letters were granted- — Lydia Dell, Beatrice, Nebr., 
Dec. 23. 

Myers Creek church met on Thanksgiving Day for serv- 
ices. Bro. B. E. Bresbears did the preaching, after which an 
offering of $14.15 was given for the District Orphanage. A 
collection of $4 was also received for World-wide Missions. 
We met in council Dec. IS. On account of 111 health and cold 
weather, only six of the fourteen members were present. 
Eld. D. B. Eby not being present, Bro. B. E. Breshears pre- 
sided. One letter was presented, but the brother not being 
present, the work of receiving him will be attended to at a 
future meeting. It was decided that we try to raise the 
necessary funds for our elder to visit us about March 1. 
We have two preaching appointments a month. — on the third 
Sunday at Kipiing, and on the first Sunday at Circle. On 
the first Sunday we also have prayer meeting at Kipling, 
after Sunday school.— Allle M. Murray, Chesaw, Wash., Dec. 

Canton. — We held our last council at the Center house, Bee 
18. A committee of five brethren was appointed to supervise 
the work at the cemetery. Officers were reelected for Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting and the home department of the Sun- 
day school at the Center and Mt. Pleasant houses for one 
year. One was also appointed at each place to solicit funds 
for the home mission station at Akron, Ohio, according to the 
provision made at the last district meeting in the North- 
eastern District of Ohio. — George S. Grim, Louisville, Ohio. 
Dec 21. 

Sterling church met in regular council this afternoon. Our 
elder, Bro. D. B. Miller, presided. Considerable business came 
before the meeting. Officers for the coming year are as fol- 
lows: , Trustees, Brethren John Bushong for three years, John 
Messenger, two years, and Lawrence Miller, one year; treas- 
urer, Bro. R. J. Patterson; clerk. Sister Mary Greenawalt; 
Messenger agent. Sister Grace Greenawalt; the writer cor- 
respondent; Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Mary 
Greenawalt; secretary and treasurer, Sister May Holl.— Ada 
Spobr, 322 Walnut Street, Sterling, Colo., Dec. 25. 

Spring Creek. — We held our council Dec. 11, at the Palmyra 
house. Eld. J. H. Longenecker acted as moderator. One 
matter of importance, especially to the members of the 
Eastern District, was the reconsideration of the place for the 
next district meeting. It has been changed from the Spring 
Creek house to the Annville house. At present we are hold- 
ing a series of meetings at the South Annville house. Bro. 
Henry Sonon. of East Petersburg, is laboring among us. 
— Anna K. Longenecker, Annville, Pa., Dec. 24. 


The special Bible Term of Juniata College will convene 
from Friday, Jan. 14, to Sunday, Jan. 23, 1910. Please 
remember the date. Come yourselves and bring your 
friends with you. Kindly make the date known to those 
who are interested in Bible study and in the progress of 
the Christian church and the kingdom of God. 

A full and attractive program has been provided. This 
program we believe will appeal to ministers, Sunday- 
school workers and to all who are interested in Christian 
work and in the evangelization of the world. The in-* 
struction will be given by specialists in their respective 

departments. These teachers have spent much time and 
study in preparing for their work as B'ible teachers. 

Bro. Amos H. Haines will give daily instruction from 
the Book of Jeremiah. This is one of the richest books 
of the Old Testament, from which to obtain a proper 
method of Bible study, spiritual enlightenment and en- 
couragement, and also practical help in the solution of 
many present-day problems. 

Bro. T. T. Myers will give instruction from the New 
Testament. He will open up the book of Matthew, which 
contains the Sunday-school lessons for the coming year. 

Here is a rare opportunity for those interested in Sun- 
day-school work, as well as in exegetical study, to get a 
proper viewpoint, for their work in the Sunday school 
for the coming year. Bro. Myers will also discuss some 
ministerial problems. 

Bro. D. W. Kurtz, who became a member of the Faculty 
the present school year, and who last year was a student 
at Berlin and Marburg, Germany, will give instruction 
on Bible Doctrines, mainly on the following subjects: 
God, Christ, The Church, Man, Sin, Salvation. 

In addition to these regular members of the Juniata 
Faculty, Eld. W. M. Howe, of Johnstown, Pa., will give 
daily instruction from the Epistolary writings of Paul. 
Bro. Howe is closely connected with the work of Juniata. 
He is an honored alumnus. Those who have been under 
his instruction in the past, will be glad for another oppor- 
tunity of coming under his practical and helpful tuition. 

Bro. Jesse Emmert, our missionary from India, who 
has spent seven years on the mission field, will have 
charge of the missionary instruction. Bro. Emmert is a 
graduate of Jumata College, a thoroughly consecrated and 
capable man. Here will be a rare opportunity of learning 
about the missionary problem at first hand. 

Evangelistic services will be conducted each evening at 
7: 30 o'clock by Bro. J. H. Cassady. A. H. Haines. 


The writer and Bro. J. H. Garst were appointed by the 
district meeting to visit the members in Scott, Wise and 
Dickenson Counties, Va. We left Bristol Dec. 8 for 
Natural Tunnel. From there we went on foot to Rye 
Cove, where we visited friends. Here there were, at 
one time, several members, but all are now gone; some 
have moved away and others have died. The last was 
a sister who died last March. 

From here we wended our way across another moun- 
tain into Hunter's Valley. Here we made house-to-house 
visits among friends and Brethren. There are yet sev- 
eral faithful members living in this Valley, among whom 
are the Hunnycuts and Osbornes. The last meeting of 
the Brethren was held by Bro. Geo. Bowman (deceased) 
about thirteen years ago. 

From here we went to St. Paul, and reached Coeburn 
after walking about twenty-five miles. Coeburn is in Wise 
County. Here we visited Bro. John D. Osborne, who, 
though getting old, still preaches some, and seems to be 
contending for the faith of the Gospel. We rode thirty 
miles to the Cumberland church in Dickinson County, 
near the foot of the Cumberland Mountains. At this 
place there is an organized church with about iorty mem- 
bers. We held services at two places on Monday. Here 
Bro. Elijah Sluss was elected to the ministry, and Breth- 
ren John Mullens and Jackson Dutton were ordained to 
the eldership. They now have two elders, two ministers 
and three deacons. Strange to say, none of them take 
the church paper. They live in a poor section of the 
country, where no wheat is raised. Some oats and corn 
are the only crops grown. However, it is rich in minerals, 
as every hill seems to be underlaid with heavy veins of 
coal. At St. Toms Creek, near Coeburn, over 3,000 min- 
ers are at work. 

Having finished our assigned duties we left for home on 
the 14th. After a few days' travel we reached Coeburn 
late in the evening. The following morning we boarded 
the train for our homes, Bro. Garst going to Bristol, 
while I went via Johnson City, to Limestone, where I 
found all was well. - P. D. Reed. 

Limestone, Tenn., Dec. 23. 


Owing to the failure of some of our Districts to remit 
amounts due the Annual Meeting treasury, it has been 
necessary for Bro. L. A. Plate, our treasurer, to borrow 
additional funds to meet the expenses so far incurred 
by brethren sent out by the Annual Conference of 1909, 
to do committee work in the different fields of our be- 
loved Brotherhood. He now owes $452.25 for borrowed 
funds, with practically nothing in the treasury for fu- 
ture needs. A number of further claims for committee 
work, I am informed, will be called for in a few days, the 
work having been done. The brethren are in need of 
their money, and should have it at once. 

I herewith appeal to the officers of the last district 
meeting in such Districts as are delinquent, asking them 
to arrange, through their district treasurers, to send at 
once their several amounts due, to our Annual Meeting 
treasurer (Bro. L. A. Plate, 254 Commonwealth Avenue, 
Elgin, 111.). See Art. 2, 1907, of " Classified Minutes,"— 
Appendix. D. M. Garver. 

Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 22. 


Jerry McAuley 

An Apostle to the Lost 

A most interesting 
recital of the life of 
one who, when re- 
deemed from sin, be- 
came a most earnest 
and effective soul-win- 
ner. The story of his 
conversion while serv- 
ing sentence in Sing 
Sing ; his struggles 
and temptations j his 
triumphs and vic- 
tories, all help to 
make this a real tes- 
timony of God's saving grace. 

It is a good thing to write and print and 
spread the life of such a man as the hero of 
this volume. It may kindle the flame in 
many other hearts. Christians in other 
walks of life than he trod may be stirred to 
better living. And some poor, sinning soul, 
some wretched and sinking soul, some poor 
sinner, almost as bad as Jerry was, may read 
it in his extremity, and cry out with this 
ransomed prisoner, " Lord, save me, I per- 

Fifth edition, revised and enlarged. Many 
new illustrations. Attractively bound in 
cloth. 304 pages. Price, postpaid, $1.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

» ♦ * ♦ ♦ M M » » M ♦ » ' 


Workers 1 





A carefully pre- 
pared list of topics 
for the Christian 
Workers' Society 
during the first half 
of this year. Eld. 
J. G. Royer has pre- 
pared a full page of 
suggestive outlines 
on each topic. 
Splendid outlines ! 
Timely topics I 
Helpful suggestions! 


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copies, each, $ .04 
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Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois 

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Brethren's Family Almanac for 1910, . . .10 

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Missionary Visitor, 1 year 50 

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Brethren Teachers' Monthly, I year, . . .50 


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Eighteenth Century, by J. S. Flory. 

Cloth, 1.25 

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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 49. 

Elgin, 111., January 8, 1910. 

No. 2. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. censorship of theatrical plays that " condone vice and 

Editorial,— ridicule virtue," it is high time for the church to main- 

A Lukewarm Cliurch 25 , ■ A , r ... , . , 

H.nesty in tiie Ministry, 25 »in the farm opposition hitherto urged against llie the- 

Ef&" mI&S (k E B: b.v, •::::::::::::::::::::::::: :l! aters . and to 0<: ™py g r °»»d u»t k absolutely sa h. 

A Missionary Mirror and Reflector 26 . 

Tobacco in the "Way 26 

The churches Doing something, 26 In the interest of good morals, the recent announce- 

What We Write About, 2G mem ^ ^ Cuban Government ]ott ; COIlceded 

Essays, — ■ _. . _ J 

Leaving; One's Bread in a Saloon. By David M. Adams, 18 to be a flat failure, because of insufficient patronage, 

san'^^™*',; aCiS B ^ B ": . : \ \ \ \ \ V. ill wiU be received with S eneral satisfaction everywhere! 

Penny wise— Pound Foolish. By a. g. crosswhite, Latest reports indicate that the venture will cost the 

Primitive Christianity. By M. M. Eshelman, 19 n , . ., l 

Does the Bible Teach Eternal Punishment? By i. w. Government even more than it .will receive from the 

The T cross! "bV ' a.' Htftcbispn," "! \\ '. '.'. '. '. '.'.'.','. '. '. '.'.['.'.20 sa ^ e °* tickets. There was a time when lotteries found 

"?^ n ? r jr S'pt t ?^» ra :. .f. 7 D : .^ 9ripe ' .•.;::.•••••• :::S plenty of pe °P le who were wUHn s to run their chances 

Our Boys. By g. h. Light 21 to gain the coveted prize, and who freely spent all their 

Tue Bound Table,— savings in the vain endeavor. That day seems to have 

Prophets and the Work.— J. H. Miller. David's Secret , „,,. ■> rcwiia iu nave 

■ of Keeping On.— J. L. Garrison. "Sir, We Would See gone by. With the absolute prohibition of all IotterV 

Ho^VZif^lo^-TMal^LZ^Ho^o o?,Ta sd "™« by the United States Government, the stamp 

St^lfSX to h He£™„ l .-£ "St:., 0f dishonor is brandin S a11 ventl ' res of the k '"< ™* 

Home aad Family,— on e need not be astonished that even the Cubans were 

Mothers, sing with Tour Boys.— j. g. Royer. Reaching slow to be lured by the inducements of the lottery 

the Poor. — Mary V. Harshbarger. Religious Influences . . . , , *' 

in Schools .- 23 though it came to them under the auspices of their own 

Missionary Department, — ■ Government. 

The World Grows Better. A Fair Test A Loyal Mem- -> . 

bership. is Your Light Dim? What of the New Year? To prevent imposture by pretending cripples, to aid 

The Family Altar. Missionary Heroes. The Jerusalem js . ,i ,, . ■ ,, , , , 

Church.— Marguerite Bixier Garrette. if Everybody and strengthen the physically crippled, and to reform 

-Againwts 1 f°sen; * .^?": . .Tff.fff?!.??"* . B °° k 27 inci P ient mendicants and impostors, is the aim and pur- 

i _ , ■ pose of the newly-organized " National Association 

AROUND THE W ORLlJ for the Prevention of Mendicancy and Charity Im- 

^ ^^ — ^^^s^^j^~^oooc ^ ^ ^. .^^ - ^w.: posture." The society hopes to develop a national 

Since January 1, 1909, saloons in the United States bureau of information and identification, by means of 

have been closed at the rate of about forty per day. which the bounty of charity is to reach the really de- 

During the past eighteen months between 140 and 150 serving, but is, most decidedly, to discourage the im- 

breweries have been compelled to go out of business, postors who prey upon the sympathetic benefactions 

and at the present time over 41,000,000 of the popula- of the generous. If the association can succeed in 

tion of the United States are living in prohibition ter- fully accomplishing its purpose, it will render a most 

ritory. In this connection the good advice of Sir valuable service to mankind. The needy, who really 

Thomas Lipton, England's millionaire tea importer, deserve help, will thus be aided in every way, while 

deserves to be heeded. In addressing an assembly of the undeserving will meet with well-merited refusals 

young men he said: "Beware of strong drink. Re- ■ of financial assistance, though work will be furnished 

member that corkscrews have sunk more people than them, if they show a willingness in that direction. 

cork jackets will ever save." 

South America is making important improvements 

Palestine, it now appears, is to aid America in in ; ts ra ji way facilities by the construction of a tunnel 

solving the problem of successfully farming the arid through the Andes, thus bringing Valparaiso within 

sections of our country. A company of wealthy capital- ready access of Buenos Ayres Heretofore winter 

ists has been organized at Washington, D. C, for the travelers, desiring to cross the continent between Chile 

express purpose of investigating agricultural condi- and the Argentine Republic, were compelled to go 

tions of Palestine, with a view of finding plants- that arotlnd by the Strait of Magellan, which means a cold 

will resist the drouth, peculiar to some sections of the and st0 rmy voyage-of fourteen or fifteen days. It is a 

United States. Dr. Aaronsohn, the leader of the matter of gratification to know that this tunnel, one of 

movement, recently announced the discovery of a t he greatest triumphs of engineering, has finally been 

species of native wheat on the slopes of Mount Heb- constructed by an American syndicate, after others 

ron, which he claims to be the prototype of the mod- had vainly endeavored to master the difficult problem, 

ern wheat, and an exceptionally hardy drought-resist- To the earnest missionary worker this and other im- 

ant. Possibly the proposed expedition to Palestine pr0 vements of traveling facilities in South America 

may prove of the greatest value to the agricultural in- are but a ren ewed call to reach the thousands who, as 

terests of our country. yet) do not know Christ, but who are now made more 

While the Brethren are practically a unit against v * 

the theater and kindred amusements, it is encouraging As a nation we are much given to holding confer- 
to learn that we are by no means alone in our opposi- ences and conventions of various kinds, but paramount 
tion to these agencies of evil. Prof. E. G. Taylor, of to many others, — a gathering of far-reaching impor- 
Yale University, has given the matter some attention tance, — was the Sixth Quadrennial Convention of the 
and tells us that there are, in the United States, 3,000 Students' Volunteer Movement of North America, 
theaters, with 20,000 actors, and that the " operating which opened in Rochester, N. Y.. Dec. 29. From 
expenses " alone are $100,000,000 a year. As the more than seven hundred institutions of higher learn- 
business, as a rule, is very profitable, undoubtedly a ing there came four thousand earnest representatives 
far greater sum than the large amount above named, is of the student bodies, together with a large number of 
paid by the people for this sort of amusement. Prof, faculty members and secretaries of mission hoards, to 
Taylor hits the nail on the head when he says: "The discuss the all-important theme of world-wide evan- 
theater affects people more powerfully than any min- gelism. There is an encouraging thought in the fact 
ister; it corrupts more insidiously than any book, that so large a number of young men are so intensely 
Thousands of people, mostly the young, are deriving in earnest, in the great work of missions, that they are 
from the play certain standards of morality that, at willing freely to sacrifice time and money to that end. 
best, are warped and blighting." When even city au- The Volunteer Movement has furnished many of the 
thorities, here and there, are proposing to assume workers now in active service in the field. 

Belgium's new King, Albert I., a nephew of the late 
Leopold II.,— whose death was recently referred to in 
these columns,— bids fair to be a worthy and compe- 
tent ruler of the little kingdom. If we may judge by 
the pledges of his coronation speech, as well as by re- 
cent assurances to foreign diplomats, his reign will be 
a great improvement on that of his notorious predeces- 
sor, while his family life is one absolutely above re- 
proach. Regarding the much-discussed Congo affairs 
the new ruler declares that " the nation wishes a policy 
of humanity and progress." Me promises that his co- 
lonial administration will endeavor to instill the high- 
est aims of civilization into the people of the Congo. 

The indefatigable spade of an explorer in Peru. 
South America, recently uncovered the hones and art 
relics of a people who flourished perhaps five thousand 
years before Christ. This investigator. Mr. T. Hewitt 
Myring, while in the Chimcana Valley, dug up more 
than 750 works of prehistoric art. These valuable 
relics clearly indicate that there existed, on the west- 
ern slope of the Andes, at a very early (hy, a civiliza- 
tion of a much higher type than had been thought pos- 
sible. The graves of 2,000 Chimus were found near 
the art treasures, which apparently, had been buried 
with their original owners. The preservation of these 
works of art, untarnished and in their original beauty, 
suggests the thought that, while the physical man de- 
cays and is lost to mortal sight, the products of his in- 
tellect and skill may survive to prove a silent, yet 
effective, testimony of his genius to generations yet 

Several weeks ago we referred to the favorable re- 
port, made to the Turkish Government, regarding the 
reclamation of Mesopotamia and Babylon by means 
of a vast irrigation system. When it is remembered 
that in this region there once flourished the two might- 
iest nations of the ancient world, their dense popula- 
tion amply sustained by a most* fertile soil, when prop- 
erly irrigated, it is hard to realize that now there are 
but a few straggling villages of miserable Arabs. But 
a new era will soon dawn to the country of the Eu- 
phrates and Tigris. Turkish constitutional reform is 
taking hold of the irrigation plan in an energetic man- 
ner, and the same engineer who so successfully directed 
the irrigation system in Egypt, is to take charge of the 
work in Mesopotamia. Comparatively speaking, the 
expense will be but small, while the area of arable 
land reclaimed will be extensive and of immense value. 
Cities, larger than Babylon and Nineveh of old, may 
yet rise from the fertile plains, and become mighty 
centers of industry and commerce. 

Just why, with the return to prosperity, this country 
should be harassed with strikes and rumors of strikes. 
is difficult to explain. At this writing (Jan. 3) the 
strike of the railroad switchmen in the Northwest, re- 
ferred to by us several weeks ago, is not yet settled, 
and already we find another cloud on the horizon of 
the labor world, — the arraignment of the American 
Federation of Labor against the United States Steel 
Corporation. In this case, however, the workers con- 
tend with unusual conditions. At least 40,000 em- 
ployes of the Corporation are stockholders, and thus 
financially interested in the prosperity of the business. 
They cannot, obviously, be depended upon to encourage 
any strike whatever. The workers are, therefore. 
seemingly " a house divided against itself." Then. too. 
the Corporation hopes largely to increase the number 
of the employe-stockholders, and claims that with the 
best workers as partners in its business, it does not 
fear any strike that may be declared. It might be a 
solution of the strike problem in general, if other in- 
dustrial concerns could have more of their workers 
become shareholders in their business. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


"Study to show thyself proved W. • ^"'"V 1 $$£&*** "^ 
to l>e nsliomed, richlly Sividuig Uie Word ot- iTuui. ^ 

Ye Did It Not. 

Matt 25: 45. 
A word I have for that heavy heart, 

Struggling in sin and doubt; 
That word I gave to thee to speak, 
■Twould have cast the demon out. 
And ye did it not. 
There was a smile for that weary one 

Whose burden was hard to bear! 
I said you might carry that smile for me, 
'Twould have banished her look of care. 
And ye did it not. 
I would visit that poor sick child of mine, 

Tossed on a bed of pain, 
That errand I gave thy feet to run, 

'Twould have brought sweet hope again. 
And ye did it not. 
A letter to write to my far-away child, 

In a place so lonely and drear; 
I said, " You shall write this word for me," 
'Twill be a kind message of cheer. 
And ye did it not. 
There was one I found in a prison cell 

And longed to set him free — 
The word of deliv'rance obtained for him 
I trusted alone to thee. 
And ye did it not. 

A song I had for a fallen one, 

Living in sin and shame: 
It seemed she was far from the reach of man. 
But I said, " This will touch her — sing in my 
And ye did it not. 

I have heathen millions across the sea, 

Dying without the light. 
The means I gave you would send my word, 

Which would be to them blessed sight. 
And ye did it not. 

Oh! day by day I am giving thee 

Opportunities rich and rare: 
Let not these pass lest I shall say 

When you stand before me over there, 
" Ye did it not." 

Leaving One's Bread in a Saloon. 


" Hey, mister, I left my bread in a saloon this morn- 
ing, and can't find the place in which I left it. Could 
you tell me where the saloon is? I remember it had a 
board walk in front of it." This was an expression of 
a forlorn-looking negro upon meeting me, a short time 
ago, as I was wending my way to the postofnee in the 
town in which I live. On his way to the saloon he 
entered a bakery where he purchased a loaf of bread 
which he inadvertently left lie on the bar, after spend- 
ing his hard-earned money for liquor, — that which 
makes a man thirst for that which increases his thirst. 

This circumstance afforded me a glorious oppor- 
tunity unceremoniously to deliver an impromptu tem- 
perance address to an audience, composed of only one 
man, however, — a man who had left his bread in a 
saloon. Here was a man who unconsciously presented 
a practical illustration of the crime of spending money 
for that which is not bread. Here was a true repre- 
sentative of that class of unfortunate humanity which 
is constantly placing the money, representative of so 
much bread, in the rnmseller's till. 

Here was an individual who was under the delusion 
that he had left but one loaf of bread in a certain sa- 
loon, while the actual fact was that each glass of liquor 
that he consumed was to him a commensurate loss of 
the actual necessities of life. 

Was it my duty to assist him to locate the saloon 
in which he left that loaf of bread ? An emphatic yes 
will be the answer given to this question by every 
charitable, unselfish, sympathetic, Christian citizen. 
To have turned a deaf ear to this man, or to have re- 
fused to assist the poor, unfortunate creature in re- 
gaining that loaf of bread, would not have been a 
breach of good manners only, but also inconsistent 
with the principles of morality, Christianity and good 
citizenship, and a gross violation of the " Golden Rule." 
This being true, who can deny the proposition that it 
is my bounden duty, as a Christian man, to exercise 

all my powers and influence in a way that will aid in 
closing the detestable channel through which my fel- 
low-man's bread is lost, his morals corrupted, his life 
blasted, his soul ruined, and his family brought down 
to poverty and disgrace? Is not a preventive better 
than a cure? 

But we should also remember that the bread lost in 
a saloon cannot always be redeemed. A saloonkeeper 
is not in the habit of forfeiting any of the necessaries 
of life which he has taken from the homes of the poor 
by his nefarious traffic. The word " restitution " is not 
found in his selfish vocabulary. There are also some 
things which the saloonkeeper could not restore if he 
would. The principles of virtue, morality and re- 
ligion, sacrificed in order that his coffers might be 
filled", and the scores of human beings who have died 
a drunkard's death cannot be restored by a proprietor 
of a grogshop. 

How much greater, then, the need of dealing with 
the saloon, than simply wrangling with the drunkard ! 
Kill the cause and the effect will cease. I know the 
saloonkeeper and his* poor, miserable dupes may say, 
" The saloons pay large sums of money into the treas- 
ury of our towns, and the liquor industry pays a large 
part of the expenses of our Government," but be 
careful, the voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are 
the hands of Esau ! From where does all this money 
come? Do the distiller, the brewer, the rumseller 
make it? Do they, upon any principle of sound econ- 
omy, earn this money by rendering adequate service 
for value received ? No ! No ! They filch it from such 
fellows as " leave their bread in the saloon." 

"Revenue, revenue," is the everlasting refrain of 
the saloonkeeper and his sympathizers, but be not 
deceived, " save your bread," and this money can be 
placed directly into the aforesaid treasuries for Gov- 
ernmental and municipal expenses without it first pass- 
ing through the debauched hands of a distiller or grog 

Beside all this, eliminate the saloon and in con- 
sequence crime will be abated, and we will need no 
money to pay the millions of dollars expenses, that are 
thrust upon us as a people or nation, by virtue of the 
existence of the saloon with its concomitant ills and 

August F. Fehlandt, in his book, " A Century of 
Drink Reform in the United Stales," says : " The total 
expenditures of this great nation for one year ($593,- 
000,000 for the year ending June 30, 1902), covering 
legislative, executive, and judicial branches ; including 
the army, the navy, Indians, pensions, postofflce, inter- 
est on public debt, and every other last item and source 
of expense, amount to just about one-half of what the 
same people pay out, in a like period, for strong 

Now I ask those whose cry is, " Revenue, revenue," 
to tell me what becomes of the other one-half? You 
see, one year's liquor bill would pay the expenses of 
our Government for two years. Therefore turn a deaf 
ear to those people who talk " revenue." Save your 
" bread," pay the revenue direct, and save thereby to 
an extent almost beyond comprehension. 

Again : How much revenue should we realize from 
this infamous traffic, in order that we might be justified 
in licensing a man to conduct a business which is the 
direct cause of disease, insanity, degeneracy, pauper- 
ism, corruption, lust, crime and woe, — a business which 
ruins the home, paralyzes thrift, destroys virtue, causes 
a man to leave his bread in a grogshop, and to have 
his body, which God intended to be the temple for the 
Holy Spirit, placed -in a drunkard's grave? 
Scalp Level, Pa. 

The letter is needful for the expression of the spirit, 
and for the application of the principle. So it is with 
all laws. While it is true that the law against murder 
of our fellow-man is obeyed by us without regard to 
the fact whether it is written on the books or not, it is 
also true that its presence there makes it effective and 
living for the man who has murder in his heart. But 
the spirit of the law has so permeated our whole char- 
acter that it is living and active within us. While it is 
possible for us to outgrow the written letter, we can- 
not say that we have outgrown, nor ever shall outgrow 
the spirit of the law, — that which is living. 

The Ten Commandments, and the laws following 
them, may be viewed in the same light. The first, for 
example, — the injunction to Monotheism. The sur- 
rounding in which the Israelites had been living, were 
not Monotheistic. Moses had grasped the great prin- 
ciple of Oneness of Deity, and Jehovah could make 
him the messenger of the command. Who will claim 
that we of today are living under a dispensation in 
which the spirit of the first commandment is dead? 
The spirit of the command is as living today as it ever 
was, and probably more so. The spirit of it is the 
idea of one God, in contrast with a multiplicity of 

The eighth for another example, " Thou shalt not 
steal." Who claims that the spirit of this command- 
ment to Moses for the Israelites is not in force with 
good people today? We may not think of its being a 
part of the Law of Moses, but the spirit of it is living 
and abiding. If we remember the prevalence of the 
vice of*theft among the peoples of the Orient, the in- 
junction has even greater force. Stealing was a vir- 
tue, almost. God through Moses, proclaims it to be a 
vice not to be indulged. We have the detailed appli- 
cation of the principle in several of the immediately- 
following passages, Ex. 22: 1, 2, etc. We are' living 
under New Testament times, but is it not as wrong 
for a man to steal today as it was in Moses' time ? Did 
not Jesus say that he came only to fulfill the Law, — to 
make it fuller of meaning,—" Not to destroy, but to 
fulfill " ? 

The spirit of the Mosaic code is justice to our fellow- 
men, and that spirit has never been more alive than it 
is today. On every hand we have its presence mani- 
fested. In the affairs of the world at large, we hear 
of great scandals and grafts. The fact that such exist 
need not be denied. But it is likewise true that they 
have existed for ages. The awakening of these times 
means not the newness of the wickedness, but rather 
the awakening of the sense of justice, the spirit of the 
laws of Moses within us, making us condemn what has 
long been taken for granted as being all right. The 
Spirit gives life because it has life, because it is living 
and abiding, today as always. God reigns in heaven 
and the spirit of the Ten Commandments still lives. 
Bogo, Cebu, P. I. 

Spirit or Letter, Which? 


"The letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life."— Paul. 

" It is the Spirit that giveth life." — Jesus. 

I was struck anew with the weight of these passages 
in reading over the Ten Commandments and the laws 
following them. It seems to me that God was laboring 
to bring the chosen people up to a higher plane of life 
than that to which they were accustomed. New laws 
are the expression of ideas somewhat in advance of 
the masses. God, through Moses, was voicing his ideas 
of what was right for the Children of Israel to do. 



In approaching the subject of sanctincation we feel 
almost as if we were on holy ground and we also 
appreciate the fact that we are opening a theme that 
has been the cause of much difference of opinion. 
Sanctincation should be one of the most comforting 
thoughts of the riper Christian experience. It is just 
as surely taught in God's Word as any doctrine found 
in the New Testament, and just as necessary as any 
truth to which we hold. Because, as a part of church 
polity, it has been abused and misunderstood, is no 
reason why it should be neglected, or worse still, re- 
jected altogether. God, in his perfect plan, saw fit to 
make it one of the blessings that he so abundantly 
showers upon those who are after the " unsearchable 
riches " of his Word. But before going farther with 
the subject, let us completely disabuse our minds of the 
general impression that sanctification means " sinless 
perfection," for not on this side of the Celestial City 
will man enter into such a condition. 

What, then, is sanctification ? Some one has defined 
it as " the work of God's free grace, whereby we are 
are enabled, more and more, to die unto sin and live 
renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and 
unto righteousness." Essentially, then, there are two 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


facts connected with attainment unto Christian per- 
fection, — death and life. Paradoxical as it may seem, 
death must come before life can abound. 

First, we must die to sin. There is no possibility 
of attainment to this as long as sin remains within us. 
Death is a symbol of sin. Sin is a symbol of corrup- 
tion. Death, sin and corruption are the direct opposites 
of sanctification, and must be gotten rid of before we 
can enter into the first steps of this higher life in Christ 
Jesus. These thoughts are most blessedly enlarged up- 
on by Paul in the- seventh and eighth chapters of Ro- 
mans, where we find that the wages of sin are death 
and that the law of the Spirit is the love of Christ. The 
theme is also further discussed in his letter to the 
Galatians, fifth chapter, from the sixteenth to the 
twenty-fifth verses inclusive. It will be well, in con- 
nection with this, to give these scriptures a most care- 
ful reading. And right here is, perhaps, one reason 
why we are so fearful in taking hold of this, one of the 
most blessed doctrines of the Bible. There is such a 
wide difference between the doctrine and our exper- 
ience. It is not easy for us to urge perfection in others 
when our own lives fall so far short. There is but 
one answer, we must be " dead unto sin." 

Next, we must live unto Christ. The life that was 
planted in us by regeneration, cultivated by the act of 
justification, must grow. By this growth and conse- 
quent enlargement of this experience we expel those 
things which are contrary and forbidding to the vision 
of the Christ. Paul says, " I press toward the mark," 
not looking back but calling us forward by these words, 
"Let us press on to perfection." Heb. 6: 1. So it 
resolves itself into an act of life and growth. No dead, 
inactive Christian will ever attain unto sanctification. 
" By their fruits ye shall know them." 
' The Scriptures command sanctification, and it is 
made a test of entrance into the kingdom of God. 
" Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit 
the kingdom of God ? Be not deceived : neither fornica- 
tors, nor idolaters nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor 
abusers of themselves with men, nor thieves, 
nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor ex- 
tortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. And 
such were some of you ; but ye were washed, but ye 
were sanctified, but ye were justified in the name of 
the Lord Jesus Christ, and by the spirit of our God." 
1 Cor. 6: 9-11. Again, in 1 Thess. 4: 3, " For this is 
the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye ab- 
stain from fornication." God does not meet us with 
impossible commands. For every command he has a 
promise. Commands and promises are reversible. 
He asks nothing of us, that, by his grace, we are not 
able to accomplish. Not only, then, does the Bible 
command sanctification but it promises sanctification. 
" But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who was made 
unto us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanc- 
tification and redemption." 1 Cor. 1 : 30. " That he 
might sanctify it, having cleansed it by the washing 
of water with the word, that he might present the 
church to himself a glorious church, not having spot 
or wrinkle or any such thing; but that it should be 
holy and without blemish." Eph. 5 : 26-27. " Elect 
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, 
in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and 
sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ." 1 Peter 

Now as to the character of sanctification : — 

I. It is supernatural. God is the author. Man 
can never sanctify himself, for by nature he is sinful. 
All the eloquent sermons ever preached, the holy lives 
lived, the high ideals held up, never sanctified a single 
soul. Paul says, " Neither is he that planteth any- 
thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth 
the increase." And at another time, " The very God 
of peace sanctify you wholly." 

II. It is not the effect of a reformation or educa- 
tion. These accomplishments are to be commended, 
and are worthy attributes in themselves, but they 
come about from various causes. They may have no 
thought of Christ in them. Much reformation is done 
for mere policy's sake. A dishonest man may become 
an honest man solely because it pays. A slovenly man 
may become tidy because he finds he makes a better 
appearance. 1 " An immoral man may become moral be- 

cause immorality is unpopular. The change has been 
an outward one only. Inwardly he is the same as be- 
fore, and upon the first excuse will lapse again into 
his old state. " Culture and education often produce 
very good characters ; marble statues are often exquis- 
itely beautiful, but they have no life." But sanctifica- 
tion must come from the heart, — the seat of life. It 
is an inward work of grace, gradually enveloping the 
whole body and causing it to attain unto the likeness 
of Christ. 
• III. The soul cooperates with this xvork of grace. 
Man cannot, of himself, cause this principle to grow 
within him, but he can cultivate it by prayer and hope, 
and by removing all possible obstacles in the way of 
free action by the Holy Spirit. This work cannot be 
accomplished in him unless he is diligent unto every 
good work, and by watchfulness and prayer, and an 
unwavering faith in Christ, endeavors to grow in 
grace. He must commit his whole being unto him. 
Read carefully, in this connection, Col. 3: 12-16; Eph. 

IV. Sanctification is a progressive act. Man does 
not attain to this fact at one bound in his Christian 
experience, but by " leaving behind " the things that 
hinder spiritual growth and progress, he, day by day, 
approaches nearer and nearer the divine ideal. Then 
arises the question, " Can man attain unto- perfect 
sanctification in this life?" The whole matter rests 
upon the meaning of the terms used. Some say it is 
possible, while others deny the truth of the fact. But 
most Christians would rather, each day, pray the 
Father for forgiveness of sins, committed in their 
weakness, than to make themselves equal with God 
in sinless perfection. God, in his divine wisdom, took 
cognizance of this fact, and made provision for an 
Advocate who stands between our sins and the right- 
eous Ruler, and pleads our cause; " Let us go on to 
perfection " was the watchword of the Apostle Paul, 
and it should be the slogan of the Christian pilgrim 
of today. Growing in the grace and knowledge of the 
truth, is growing into the sanctified life, and the higher 
life in Christ Jesus. As long as the believer is in the 
flesh, he must pray daily for the forgiveness of his 
sins, for the flesh is weak. But as we grow stronger, 
the nearer the time for " departure " comes, we can 
then shout the grand alleluias of the redeemed, and 
enter into the blessings of the sanctified, — pure, spot- 
less and without a blemish, — all of which admits the 
possibilities of growth in righteousness. The standard 
of our life should be, " Be ye therefore perfect even 
as your Father which is in heaven is perfect." 

V. Fruits of sanctification. No one can be con- 
stantly in communion with the Father, in union with 
Christ, and in fellowship with the Holy Spirit, with- 
out fruit-bearing. It is the farmer, the orchardist, or 
truckman, who most continually cultivates his grow- 
ing crop, that has the most abundant harvest. So it is 
with this work of grace. It is the one who is most 
frequently in touch with the Godhead, the one who 
most often goes into his prayer retreat that bears the 
most fruit and has the most fruitful experience. The 
fruitage will manifest itself in both the inward and the 
outward life of the disciple. His thoughts, desires, 
feelings and ambitions are changed from evil to good 
and he sees the great things of God from a different 
standpoint. Then his outward life will conform to 
the inward manifestations and his deeds will have 
passed from those of darkness to those of life. His 
whole hope is to be " more like Jesus," and thus go on 
until his life is " hid with Christ in God " and his 
countenance is like unto that of his Master. 

"The atonement of tiiy blood apply, 
Till faith to sight improve; 
Till hope in full fruition die, 
And all my soul be love." 
#53 Maple Avenue, Findlay, Ohio. 

myself before putting my team away? There's a 
five-dollar bill gone for the lack of a thimbleful of 

The cause of all this perturbation of mind and self- 
rebuke was only an innocent old nail that protruded 
from the gate post, which two blows from the hatchet 
would have put out of harm's way. Not getting those 
two blows, the nail was just as innocent as when, two 
weeks before, it had ruined a new dress for Farmer 
John's wife. She would have driven it in then, but 
John had the hatchet at the time, and, when told of his 
duty, firmly declared his intention of doing so, but it 
was forgotten, and now eight dollars worth of damage 
stands to its credit. 

But that is not the only leak on John's farm. He 
is not naturally a stingy man, but he is extremely 
careless. A few thousand shingles would put his 
barn in good repair, and he uses them, too, but simply 
to patch with, and every year promises his feed and 
cattle a new roof for protection. From lack of proper 
care a new binder is out under the apple tree, and 
horses and cattle must continue to eat musty hay. 
Things are no better about the house. It is easy to 
see that two dollars worth of blinds would have pre- 
served the general appearance of a forty-dollar carpet. 
One doctor bill after another has been paid because 
wife and children have been improperly clad, and un- 
duly exposed to the severity of the weather. 

But John is a sinner. A little conversion will im- 
prove him and a thorough washing in the blood of 
Jesus will materially change conditions there. 

Now John has a neighbor who makes all kinds of 
fun of such slipshod methods. Things around George's 
home look quite different. He goes to church, takes 
his family, and all take communion as church members. 
but, withal they are great " society " people. 

The older boys must be sent to college and the others 
follow on as they advance sufficiently. The school is 
selected without regard to moral or religious environ- 
ments, but simply from a literary standpoint. 

When those boys return fur their first vacation 
everything in that neighborhood is too " slow " and 
"dead" for their cultured (?) natures and the old 
church is a " back number," — not to be thought of any 
more. The seeds of infidelity have been planted, and 
are already beginning to grow. 

The greatest demand upon the family is moncv and 
the greatest returns persecution for holding to such 
old-fashioned views of life and religion. These parents 
are disappointed and heart-broken but they must give 
their children an equal chance and as they read, with 
dimmed eyes, the last diploma, they would freely ex- 
change conditions with John and his wife in their old 

Better a dry crust and contentment therewith than 
riches and empty honors, and a consciousness of hav- 
ing lost all that is really worth living for. 

Neither of these pictures presents life's highest 
ideals, but by getting the extremes it is easier to figure 
out the real bearings of life's real mission. 
Flora, Ind. 

Penny Wise — Pound Foolish. 


" There it goes again," said John as he depre- 
catingly looked down at the long rent in the leg of his 
Sunday pantaloons that this moment should have been 
hanging in the wardrobe. " Why didn't I unharness 

Primitive Christianity. 


In Two Parts. — Part One. — Sentimental Christianity 
or Marred Primitive Christianity. 

Sentimental Christianity is a Christianity with an 
ideal made by people who found too much for their 
ideal in fundamental Christianity. There is a great 
difference in an Ideal Qirist and the real Christ. The 
ideal Christ is the Christ of sentimental Christianity. 
The real Christ is the Christ of fundamental or prac- 
tical Christianity. 

How is the ideal Christ, which stands for sentimen- 
tal Christianity, made? Is he not made by the ideas 
of men, both in the pulpit and press ? Is he not a writ- 
ten and spoken ideal? Is not the Ideal made almost 
wholly out of human feelings? Is it not made senti- 
mental by cutting out a great deal that is called " im- 
practicable in this age?" Has not immersion, as pre- 
scribed by Jesus, been cut out on the ground of im- 
practicability? Did not a freezing condition, the im- 
practicability of immersing in the frigid zone, and of 
dipping persons confined to a sickbed, and the incon- 



venience of the immersion of the New Testament, 
bring about a new sentiment on baptism? Did not 
some one first work up sentiment in favor of cutting 
down, or wholly changing, the doctrine and form of bap- 
tism before the act was changed? Is not that the line 
yet followed? If some one wants a practice cut down 
or thrown out of the church, does he not first attempt 
to work up sentiment for his ideas, and against the 
practice of the church ? 

Did not feet-washing, which Jesus so forcibly com- 
manded to be obeyed in the church, first get its blow by 
working up sentiment against its perpetuation? And 
does not sentimental Christianity entirely ignore its 
practice? Did not the kiss of charity, which long 
lingered in the earlier centuries as one of the gracious 
ceremonies, get out by making sentiment against its 
continuance? Is its disuse not a part of sentimental 
Christianity? Is sentimental Christianity, with these 
great principles cut out of its system, real Christianity? 
If not, why are you endorsing it, brother? 

Sentimental Christianity cuts out the Lord's supper 
and substitutes the bread and cup of communion. Do 
•you endorse it? Do you excuse those who do it by 
thinking they will, in some way, escape punishment 
from God? Will disbelief work grace for rewards? 
Get at it, deep down in your heart. Sentimental Chris- 
tianity cuts out nonswearing, non re si stance, nonlawing, 
and nonconformity, in dress, customs and usages. Is 
it not, therefore, opposed to true faith in Jesus ? Senti- 
mental Christianity admits oath-bound secretism in its 
embrace, thus breaking Jesus' practice of openness of 
teaching. Can we endorse this? Sentimental Chris- 
tianity follows many worldly ways in getting money 
for " good works." Can we excuse it and go that way 
too? Was the Savior half and half? Can his institu- 
tions abide, half wrecked and half complete? Can his 
church he half world and half Christ? 

Sentimental Christianity cuts out equality in life by 
encouraging caste. Can the church of the Brethren 
go that way and live? Sentimental Christianity neg- 
lects its poor, so that the poor go to the poorhouse, 
and others into insurance and worldly societies for 
money-protection. Dare the Church of the Brethren 
go that way? Can she cut out the doctrine of caring 
for her poor? Jesus saw heaven and hell, earth and 
sky, peasant and scribe, cradle and grave, and met each 
one's issues. Shall we? He loved the poor, and lov- 
ing them fed and clothed them. Will we love that 
way? Sentimental Christianity seeks official position 
in governments. The Word says: "My kingdom is 
not of this world." 

Thus one can see where sentimental Christianity cuts 
out this teaching, that teaching, this command, that 
command, until the whole system is built of mutilated 
and perverted material and human sentiment, and is 
held up as the ideal. Do you see it, brother? Do you 
peer into it, sister, and see its usefulness? 

If the Church of the Brethren refuses to see this 
weak system, this humanly-made system, this plan of 
belief and disbelief, set out as the ideal and knows it is 
far from the real, then she shall suffer as did the Jews 
who would not believe Jesus. The way is still narrow. 

3207 Manitou Avenue, Los Angeles, Col. 

Does the Bible Teach Eternal Punishment? 


It is not because of any inclination, on the part of 
the writer, to criticise that which a man may believe, 
or express, that a reply is ventured, but rather that 
those, having heard or read Mr. Russell's sermon, 
might have an opportunity to hear from the opposite 
side of this very important question. A question upon 
which hinges our future destiny, surely no one should 
trifle with. 

Mr. Russell, in part, sets forth the teaching of the 
Bible, yet, as a whole, his position is unsustained by 
the Bible. If there is any fact that the Bible teaches 
emphatically, even beyond the shadow of a doubt, it 
is the fact of a future punishment. Mr. Russell 
says, " Intelligent people, everywhere, are very gen- 
erally discarding the doctrine of eternal punishment as 
being contrary to reason." Were this true, it would no 

more change trfe truth of God's Word on this question, 
than did the preaching of Hymenauis and Philetus re- 
garding the resurrection, where Paul says, " Neverthe- 
less the foundation of God standeth sure," etc. (2 Tim. 
2: 19), although they did overthrow the faith of some. 
Viewed from a Bible standpoint, the doctrine of 
future punishment is not unreasonable, but is in strict 
accord with the history of man from his earliest his- 
tory, and in harmony with God's purpose concerning 
him. " For if God spared not the angels that sinned, 
but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into 
chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; and 
spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth 
person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the 
flood upon the world of the ungodly ; and turning the 
cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned 
them with an overthrow, making them an ensample un- 
to those that after should live ungodly. . . . The 
Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of tempta- 
tions, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judg- 
ment to be punished " (2 Peter 2: 4-9). 

God, the Creator ; man the creature ; God the law- 
giver; man to be subject to him. The right of govern- 
ing created beings is the prerogative of God ; the privi- 
lege to know and understand God's law is man's 
prerogative. In every instance where punishment was 
meted out, there was a neglect or refusal on the part 
of man to heed God's law. 

Upon these principles of divine truth rests the 
reasonablenes of a future punishment. " Therefore 
we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things 
which we have heard, lest at any time we should let 
them slip. For if the word spoken by angels was 
steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience 
received a just recompence of reward; how shall we 
escape if we neglect so great salvation, etc." (Heb. 

Escape what, — the grave? Certainly not, but the 
just judgment of an offended God. Mr. Russell says 
the Bible alone, of all religious books, teaches a God 
of love, sympathy and compassion, sympathetic with 
his creatures and desirous of rescuing them from their 
fallen estate. Very true, but it is only part of the truth, 
as has already been shown, and as the following scrip- 
tures will prove : " Is God unrighteous who taketh 
vengeance" (Rom. 3:5)? "Dearly beloved, avenge 
not yourselves but rather give place unto wrath : for 
it is written, I will repay, saith the Lord" (Rom. 12: 
19). " For if we sin' wilfully after, that we have re- 
ceived the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no 
more sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful looking 
for of judgment and fiery indignation which shall 
devour the adversaries. He that despised Moses' law 
died without mercy. ... Of how much sorer 
punishment suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy 
who hath trodden under foot the Son of God? 
. . . For we know him that hath said, Vengeance 
belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. 
And again, The Lord shall judge his people. It is a 
fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God " 
(Heb. 10: 26-31). 

We will now give some plain Scripture quotations 
that conclusively prove to any honest searcher after 
truth that there is a hell or future punishment. ' It may 
be needful here to state that there are three Greek 
words, viz : Hades, Tartarus and Gehenna, translated 
into the English language, hell. The former has refer- 
ence to the grave, as Mr. Russell uses it ; the other two 
do not allude to the grave but to the under world of 
darkness, and a place of torment and punishment. 

" The Lord is known by the judgment which he 
executeth : the wicked is snared in the work of his 
own hands. The wicked shall be turned into hell, and 
all the nations that forget God" (Psa. 9: 16, 17). 
[Note — This cannot mean the grave, as Job says, that 
is the house appointed for all living.] " But the wicked 
shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord shall be as the 
fat of Iambs ; they shall consume ; into smoke shall they 
consume away" (Psalm 37: 20). "The Lord pre- 
serveth all them that love him : but all the wicked will 
he destroy " (Psalm 145 : 20), " The wicked is driven 
away in his wickedness ; but the righteous hath hope in 
his death" (Prov. 14: 32). "Then shall he say also 
unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, 
into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his 

angels" (Matt. 25: 41). "And these shall go away 
into everlasting punishment : but the righteous into life 
eternal" (Matt. 25: 46). "And if thine eye offend 
thee, pluck it out : it is better for thee to enter into the 
kingdom of God with one eye, than having two eyes 
to be cast into hell fire " (Mark 9: 47). " Marvel not 
at this : for the hour is coming, in the which all that are 
in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth : 
they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life ; 
and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of 
damnation " (John 5: 28, 29). Surely those scriptures 
cannot be applied to the silent grave, the place of which 
the poet has said : 

"How still and peaceful is the grave 

Where life's vain toils are past; 
The house appointed by Heaven's decree, 

Receives us all at last. 
"All leveled by the hand of death 

Lie sleeping in the tomb 
Till God in judgment calls them forth 

To meet their final doom." 

" The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven 
with mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance 
on them that know not God, and that obey not the gos- 
pel of our Lord Jesus Christ : Who shall be punished 
with everlasting destruction from the presence of the 
Lord, and from the glory of his power " (2 Thess. 1 : 

" The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of 
God, which is poured out without mixture into the 
cup of his indignation ; and he shall he tormented with 
fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, 
and in the presence of the Lamb: and the smoke of 
their torment ascendeth up forever and ever ; and they 
have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and 
his image" (Rev. 14: 10-11). God forbid that any sin- 
ful mortal should ever attempt to gainsay the everlast- 
ing truths of the Bible upon which depends our hope of 
eternal life. Evidently the prophecy of Paul in 2 Tim. 
4:3, 4, is being fulfilled where he says, "The time 
will come when they will not endure sound doctrine : 
but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves 
teachers, having itching ears ; and they shall turn away 
their eans from the truth, and shall be turned unto 

In this age of religious liberty should be found the 
highest degree of holiness, spirituality, righteousness 
and true piety. May the spirit of the Lord deliver us 
from the vortex of worldly-mindedness and scholastic 
theology and place us squarely upon the Rock Christ 
Jesus, and thus escape the dreadful sentence recorded 
in Rom. 2: 8, 9: "But unto them that are conten- 
tious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteous- 
ness, indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, 
upon every soul of man that doeth evil ; of the Jew 
first, and also of the Gentile." " And the devil that 
deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brim- 
stone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and 
shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever " 
(Rev. 20: 10). "But the fearful, and unbelieving, and 
the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, 
and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have 
their part in the lake which burnetii with fire and brim- 
stone : which is the second death" (Rev. 21: 8). — 
Ephrata Review. 

The Cross. 


I am called upon to explain what is meant by the 
cross that the follower of Jesus is to take up. Every 
person has some special thing, that is not in harmony 
with the Spirit of Christ, and Rom. 8 : 9 says, " If any 
man have not the Spirit of'Christ, he is none of his." 
Then it is clear to us all, that if our heart is set on 
anything contrary to the Holy Spirit, we will have 
to give it up. Now, whatever that thing may be, there 
is the cross to that person, and Jesus says, " If any 
man will come after me, let him deny himself, and 
take up his cross, and follow me ' (Matt. 16: 24). 

Here we have it clearly shown that our will must be 
surrendered to God's will, before we can be saved. 
See the opposite. Ezek. 14: 7, 8 says, " For every one 
of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourn- 
eth in Israel, which separateth himself from me, and 
setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumb- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


ling-block of his iniquity before his face, and cometh 
to a prophet to inquire of him concerning me ; I the 
Lord will answer him by myself: And I will set my 
face against that man, and will make him a sign and 
a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of 
my people ; and ye shall know that I am the Lord." 

Here we have set forth, very forcibly, the danger of 
attempting to serve the Lord with our pet sins still 
in our hearts. We must remember that Jesus had to 
give up everything, .even his will and life, before he 
could bring salvation in reach of us. Hear him, 
" Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me : 
nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done" (Luke 

It should not seem strange, then, when he says to 
us, " Whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come 
after me, cannot be my disciple " (Luke 14 : 27) . 
Paul says, " For even Christ pleased not himself; but, 
as it is written, The reproaches of them that re- 
proached thee fell on me" (Rom. 15:3). So we see 
that he had to endure the scoffs and scorns of a proud 
and rebellious people, and we therefore should be glad 
that we may be accounted worthy to suffer shame for 
his name." He carried the cross that his followers 
might wear the crown of glory. We must be willing 
to suffer with Christ, if we expect to reign with him. 
Hence all our efforts will avail nothing without the 
cross. . m . 

The Church's Record. 


In all the vital problems of the world, the Church 
of the Brethren has invariably taken the side which 
time has proved to be the right one, although at that 
particular age they may have seemed to be in a hope- 
less minority. The Brethren have always taken a 
strong stand against war, intoxicating liquor and 
slavery, and on the subject of tobacco, secret orders, 
and the foolish fashions in dress, they have been on 
the side of right. This is good evidence that they have 
ever been guided by the Spirit of Divine Wisdom. 
On the matter of caring for orphan children they took 
steps far in advance of the age in which they lived. 
In the year 1812, nearly one hundred years ago, they 
decided in Annual Meeting that : " Concerning a 
woman whose husband is dead; and having several 
children and no property, and her hands too weak to 
provide for them ; it was considered that the church 
should provide for her, and at the proper time to put 
out the children in good places, and to good people, 
and thus supply their wants." The provision that they 
" be placed with good people " was far ahead of the 
spirit of that age, for at a much later date some of the 
foremost States of the Union publicly sold out the 
orphan children to the lowest bidder — the one who 
would take them and keep them from starving at the 
least cost to the tax-payers. They thus virtually be- 
came the slaves of a man whose character was not in- 
quired into. It was then thought enough to scantily 
supply the bare necessities of an orphan child, but the 
Brethren were concerned that even the child's wants be 
supplied. There is often a wide difference between 
a child's wants and its needs. 

In 1870 a -query came before Annual Meeting, ask- 
ing : " Is it the duty of the church to take special 
care of their orphan children, in getting homes for 
them among the Brethren, and in having them raised 
up in the faith of the Gospel ?" The answer given by 
Annual Meeting was, " We think it is." 

These two decisions, — made generations apart, — 
are similar in spirit, and beautifully harmonize in the 
method of work they propose for the church to do. 
Both recognize the fact that the family, — the heaven- 
ordained institution established for the rearing of 
children, — is the one fit and proper place where the 
orphan child should find a home. This truth is clearly 
Jaught in the divine promise given by the Psalmist: 
"God setteth the solitary in families" (Psa. 68:6). 
Even God himself could promise nothing better to the 
solitary, — the lonely ones, — than that they should be 
provided homes in families. God instituted the family 
for the rearing of the human offspring, but poor, fal- 
lible man made the orphans' home. 

God's Word is the authority and the foundation on 
which all child-saving work must be based, and these 
two decisions of Annual Meeting, above quoted, give 
the principles of the method for the church to employ. 
The first decision, concerning the children of a woman 
whose husband is dead, is so broad that it does not 
apply to the children of Brethren only, but to the or- 
phan child of any mother who cannot provide for it. 
The helplessness of the child is the test which makes 
it a worthy object of our care, and it becomes our duly 
to care for all such children within our reach. This ■ 
decision does not provide that such children must be 
placed in Brethren families, but that they must be 
placed with good people. 

The second decision does not annul the first one at 
all, it only supplements it. It provides that the chil- 
dren of Brethren shall be placed in Brethren's famil- 
ies, so that they be reared in the faith of the Gospel. 
It is just and right, that a special effort be made to 
place Brethren's children where they will be trained 
up in the faith of their parents. But that even this 
can be done, it is necessary that the Brethren open 
their hearts and homes to welcome the homeless ones. 
In the effort which various of our State Districts 
are making, to save the children, these two decisions 
are looked to as the best method that has yet been 
found. All needy children are taken in charge where 
the right to them can be obtained, and they are placed 
with good people. But a special effort is made to 
place all Brethren's children in the homes of Brethren. 
These decisions have been a great honor to the 
Brethren who have made them, but that the church 
has so largely neglected them, for so many years, has 
been no credit to her. In view of these broad and far- 
reaching decisions it does not seem as though it would 
be a hard matter to decide which is the best method 
of caring for homeless children, nor that this urgent 
work should be neglected because the deciding of this 
matter is delayed. The Annual Meeting has given us 
as good a plan as we will ever get, and all that we 
need to perfect it is a few details in the carrying out 
of this method. 
Stillwater, Okla. 

" Infant Baptism." 

Reader, have you been baptized? Do you answer' 
"Yes, I was baptized when an infant?" You are mis- 
taken. According to the Bible there is no such thing 
as " infant baptism." It is a man-made doctrine — an 
unscriptural practice. 

" Oh," you say, " I know it must be Bible. Our 
preacher says so." But, do you really know? Is the 
foundation of your faith what the preacher says, or 
what God says? Have you searched the Scriptures 
and made an honest effort to learn the truth ? If " in- 
fant baptism " is a Bible doctrine, it is in the Bible, and 
you can find it there as well as the preacher. But. 
have you found it there? Can you give chapter and 
vers"e ? 

As a Christian, the Bible, and not what men say, 
should be your rule of faith and practice. You cannot 
afford to be deceived in a matter of so great impor- 
tance. It vitally concerns your eternal future. The 
Word of God is the only safe foundation. If the Bible 
teaches " infant baptism," it will be easy to find it there. 
But what are the facts? The Bible nozvhere commands 
the baptism of infants, neither does it record their 
baptism. If you want authority for " infant baptism." 
you must find it outside of the Bible. If it is not in 
the Bible, how can it be a Bible doctrine? 

According to the Bible, penitent believers are the 
only proper subjects for baptism. The Bible says: 
" He that believeth and is baptised shall be saved," 
Mark 16:16. Can infants "believe"? The Bible 
says: "Repent and be baptised everyone of you in 
the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins " 
(Acts 2:38). Can infants "repent"? Have they 
sins to be forgiven ? Are they little sinners ? 

Infants cannot be scripturally baptized because they 
can neither believe nor repent. "Infant baptism" 
finds neither precept nor example in the Word of 
God. // is not a Bible doctrine.— C. F. Ladd in Chris- 
tian Union. 

Our Boys. 


What are we doing with our boys? Or don't we 
have anything to do with them ? We often see that 
fathers are far too little concerned about their boys. 
By their actions, or rather lack of actions, they vir- 
tually say, It is immaterial where my boys spend their 
evenings, their out-of-school hours, or their rainy day, 
nor does it matter what time in the night they come 

There are far too many fathers who positively de- 
clare that their boys must have their amusements and 
even that every young man must sow his wild oats. 
This they take as an excuse for letting their sons loaf 
at the restaurants, or associate with the rowdies of the 

Children are social beings and it is beyond dispute 
that they must have their enjoyments as well as their 
associates. Without these it would be impossible for 
them to develop into what they are intended by their 
Creator, But just as true as this is, so true is it, also, 
that it is as much the duty of every father to have a 
personal interest in the amusements of his son, to 
direct those amusements, and to aid in the selection of 
his associates, as to obey any other command in God's 

Some fathers seem to think that Christianity con- 
sists in taking care of themselves only, without even 
so much as mentioning anything to their sons about 
their salvation, but rather giving them to understand 
that they are better than a good many church mem- 
bers. Such fathers do not seem to realize the import 
of Paul's command in Eph. 6:4, "And, ye fathers, 
provoke not your children to wrath; but bring them 
up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord." 

If only the fathers of our land could comprehend 
what it means not to keep in close contact with their 
boys! If they could only realize that, by letting them 
grow up at random, and without their protecting care 
and guidance, they are heaping sorrow upon their 
hoary heads, destruction to our glorious nation, and 
eternal damnation to those whom God has given them, 
they certainly would regard the care of their sons their 
most important as well as their most sacred trust; 
The boy of today needs his father a score of times 
more than the boy of fifty years ago. 

He who gets up early in the morning and goes to 
his place of labor, comes home for his supper, and 
spends his evenings away from those who have a 
natural right to his leisure moments, is not worthy of 
a home of his own, much less of any who should call 
him father. It is a part, — and not a small one, — of 
every true father's life to arrange to spend as much 
time as possible with his boys. Every family should 
have a, " children's hour," and that hour should be the 
happiest of the day for both young and old. 

It is not necessary for the father to monopolize the 
companionship of his sons, but it is his duty to take 
a keen interest in their companions, and fortunate is 
the boy whose father can be, and is, his true compan- 
ion, and happy will be the lot of such a father. 

Father! What an amount of responsibility is con- 
nected with this term! You who are thus entitled, did 
you ever stop to think how much depends upon you? 
Not only does it involve the eternal destiny of your- 
selves and your sons, but of others as well. Nor is 
this all, but also the future welfare of our nation and 
the church. 

Is it not time that we stop in this busy life of ours 
and consider the well-being of those upon whom our 
hopes for the progress of the nation and church rest? 
May we give more of our time to our boys ! 
Hatfield, Pa. ^^ 

Doing right is clear duty at any and all times. Many 
a man stands boldly on the platform of " do right, 
though the heavens fall." But many of us who some- 
what vaguely want to do right have not the foresight 
or the courage to do right until after the heavens fall. 
— until a great catastrophe drives us to right-doing. 
If we had a little more faith-filled courage in doing 
simply and steadily the right, day by day. we might 
find that our heavens would not go to smash at all. — 
Sunday School Times. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


Prophets and the Work. 


In olden times God made his will known to men by 
the prophets. But in these last days he makes it known 
by his Son. Some prophets of old were endued with 
power to foretell future events. 

I know of a brother who, some fifty years ago, made 
a prediction which came true. It was Bro. John Metz- 
ger, known by many as Uncle John Metzger. On a 
beautiful day, just before the Rebellion in 1861, Bro. 
Metzger was called on to preach at a meeting, held in 
a barn where the writer was present. He handled the 
Word with power. He told the people that we were 
coming into perilous times, that our nation was becom- 
ing very corrupt, and that God was displeased with 
slavery and other existing evils. He called attention 
to a comet that was visible to the naked eye nearly one 
whole summer. It left a fiery trail, like a sword, point- 
ing east, and followed the same course, seemingly, over 
which the sun would pass. Uncle John compared this 
natural phenomenon to a father who would correct a 
disobedient son. If the son did not heed the father's 
■words, he would place a rod on the mantle and call at- 
tention to it. If the son still continued to be disobe- 
dient, the father would be obliged to use the 
rod. Just so God meant to warn this nation concerning 
the evils of slavery. If not heeded, be would chastise 
the nation with a fiery sword. Bro. Metzger preached 
for an hour. It was in midsummer, and when he 
closed that powerful discourse there was not a dry eye 
in that large assembly. 

The next summer the terrible Civil War came upon 
our nation like a thunderbolt, — the South against the 
North. That comet seemed to pass along the dividing 
line between the two sides. Indeed, Bro. Metzger was 
a latter day prophet. Though unassuming and very 
humble, he was a mighty man in the pulpit, skillfully 
wielding the Sword of the Spirit. 

Goshen, hid. 

David's Secret of Keeping On. 


Be not amazed at David's ability to go up the scale. 
No man has as yet made a lasting success, independent 
of the influence of Jehovah. God alone holds a mon- 
opoly on perpetuity. A factory pulley will revolve 
with a certain number of revolutions and a click. — 
human imperfection ever being present, — but Niagara 
will go on forever. 

Our friends in the West, walking out over the wide 
prairies, may catch a glimpse of a stray bird or a stray 
flower. Perhaps they do not stop to think that there, 
through the centuries, birds have been singing, and 
flowers blooming, unknown or unseen by any. Per- 
haps they may stand on the beach and watch the 
incoming breakers, — majestic mountains of unmeas- 
ured blue, which dash upon the shore with mighty 
power. They may forget, however, that for six thou- 
sand years the same waves have been beating upon the 
reefs and rocks of miles and miles of shore line. Per- 
haps they walk in the cemetery, where, here and there, 
shafts of marble mark the dates of the sainted dead. 
fifty, seventy-five, or a hundred years ago. What do 
the stones signify? Simply this: In the past the spirit 
of the Almighty has been breathed into man, so that he 
became a living soul. We are almost lost in amaze- 
ment, not at the personality of the departed and un- 
remembered mortals, but looking beyond, as we see 
the Divinity under whose care they now are, and 
where they are now singing the glorious songs of the 
redeemed. Verily, God reigns 1 

Chicago, III. 

That people do desire to be entertained, we know. 
But when they attend church and Sunday school, they 
desire to be fed with " the sincere milk of the word." 
They go to see and know more of Jesus. How many' 
pent up hearts, hungry minds, and seeking souls, are 
in our audiences, to receive crumbs of comfort and 
strength. And, oh, how often we feed them on husks 
and ashes! 

Let us, as Sunday-school teachers, strive more and 

more to present the loving, helpful, sympathizing 

Jesus. Oratory and beautiful sentiment have their 

places for delivery and hearing, but let our ministers 

feel that we are not hungering so much on the Sabbath 

Day for a fine literary effect as we are for the simple 

old gospel story that assists in making Jesus and his 

helpfulness very vivid indeed. 

Lordsburg, Cal. 

■ ♦ ■ — 

Go Thy Way. 


How I wish we had a complete record of the ser- 
mon Paul preached before the notorious couple, Felix 
and Drusilla! He reasoned of righteousness, self- 
control and judgment to come. Felix's licentious 
character and immoral living would bring him to an 
awful judgment if he would not repent. What a 
piercing, heart-searching sermon he must have 
preached! Felix was terrified and trembled, but he 
said, " Go thy way for this time ; when I have a con- 
venient season I will call for- thee." The golden op- 
portunity had come for Felix, but, alas, he missed it. 
We do not read that a convenient season ever came 
for him. " Now is the time to accept Christ. Today, 
if ye hear his voice, harden not your heart." 

Ashland, Ohio. 

ber of the Messenger. Such an issue, now and then, 
is very timely. 

Anyone can save these different views, in this sym- 
posium form, very conveniently, for future study and 
for reference. Besides it presents the matter clearly, 
distinctly and broadly at a single time, and therefore 
such a number is expedient. 

Again ; it keeps before us the great doctrines of the 
New Testament — of the Christian church, which 
something is very necessary, therefore such a number 
of the Messenger is cordially welcomed. Such an 
issue is of high character — fairly, strongly, and favor- 
ably presented. 

Hebron Seminary, Nokesville, Va. \ 

How Readest Thou? 


And from thence we fetched a compass and came to 
Rhegium. Acts 28: 13. 

A few Sundays ago I overheard a young gentleman, 
a schoolmaster, teaching a class of apparently bright, 
average young people. When they arrived at this 
verse I thought he must be testing their acumen by 
asking what was meant by " fetching a compass "? I 
wondered how far a thing must be carried before the 
word " fetch " could be properly used. After quite 
a spirited discussion they all finally decided that down 
in the hold, the very farthest part of the ship, among 
some rubbish, they discovered a compass by which 
they were guided safely to their desired haven. 

The American Revised Version avoids that curious 
play on words by saying plainly, " And from thence 
we made a circuit and arrived at Rhegium." 

Lamed, Kansas. 

How to Open a Book. 


Many new books are badly injured the first time 
they are opened. The proper way to open a new book 
is, first to set it on a table or smooth surface, with 
the back down. First turn one lid down, then the 
other. Next turn down a few leaves, — a dozen or 
more, according to the size of the book, — gently draw- 
ing the fingers down the leaves next the back. Then 
do likewise with the other side, and thus alternate 
from one side to the other until the whole book is 
" broken in." When a book is opened near the center 
abruptly, or held firmly in both hands, it is sure to 
ruin the binding, regardless of bow well it has been 
bound. The durability of a book depends largely on 
the first opening. 

Panora. Iowa. 

"Sir, We Would See Jesus." 


Mr. W. C. Pearce, International Superintendent of 
the Adult Bible Class Organization, at a late conven- 
tion declared that many ministers and Sunday-school 
teachers taught and preached everything but Jesus. 
This accounts largely, he felt, for the decreased Sun- 
day-school and church attendance. 

The Doctrinal Messenger. 


The Gospel Messenger of Dec. 11, 1909, may be 
styled a doctrinal number. Should I say doctrinal? 
The Messenger is always teaching, and therefore 
every number is a doctrinal number. But the word 
doctrinal has come to mean some special or funda- 
mental doctrine, and there are a number of important, 
even fundamental doctrines in the above-named num.- 

The Way to Heaven. 


"You have only to turn to the right and go straight 
forward." " He who seldom thinks of heaven is not 
likely to get there." "The way to hit the mark is to- 
keep the eye fixed upon it." 

Crimora, Va. 


For Sunday Evening, January 16, 1910. 

My Whole Life for God. 

Psa. 119: 9-11; 1 Cor. 10: 31-33; Col. 3: 23-25. 
Prayer-motto: " Create in me a clean heart, O God." 
Psa. 51: 10. 
I. Do all for Jesus' sake. Col. 3: 17; 1 Cor. 10: 31. 
II. Heartily, as to the Lord. Col. 3: 23; Eph. 6: 6, 7. 

III. With the whole heart. Psa. 119: 10; Matt. 22: 37; 
Mark 12: 33. 

IV. Serving God. Matt. 6: 24; John 12: 26. 

V. Keeping his commandments. John 14: 15; 15: 10, 14; 

1 John 5: 3; 2 John 6; Jude 20, 21. 
VI. Glorifying God. Matt. 5: 16; John 15: 8; 1 Cor. 6: 

19, 20; Philpp. 1: 20, 21; 1 Pet. 2: 9. 
VIII. The blessedness resulting. Psa. 119: 1; 128: 1; John 

14: 21, 23; 15: 12, 14; Num: 24. 
Conclusion. Eccles. 12: 13. 
Call for five or more one-minute speeches. 
Let each one present remember that God is here,- and 
that we are here before him to tell him that we have 
given ourselves to him to live for his service. Ask him 
for his help to keep the promises we have made. Let 
us do so now in many sentence prayers. Our motto for 
this week should be, " Do all to the glory of God." All 
join now in singing, "Jesus, lover of my soul." 


For Week Beginning January 16, 1910. 

The Never-Failing Refuge of Prayer. 

Luke 18: 1. 

1. Prayer Is a Sure Deliverer of Sin. — David realized 
that with iniquity or unrighteousness in his heart his 
prayers were not acceptable to the Lord, — they would not 
be answered (Psa. 66: 18). "Satan trembles when he 
sees the weakest saint upon his knees." 

2. Prayer, the Secret of Power. — The early church was 
a praying church. Their united, fervent petitions brought 
the Pentecostal outpouring of power (Acts 1: 14; 2: 1). 

3. Prayer, the Assurance of Victory. — Nehemiah, in his 
earnest endeavor to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem, 
" made his prayer unto God " that he might accomplish 
his task in the face of his enemies, and victory crowned 
his efforts (Neh. 4: 9). 

4. Prayer Overcomes All Obstacles. — Peter's gracious 
deliverance from the well-guarded prison was the result 
of fervent prayer by the little band of earnest believers 
(Acts 12: 5). 

5. Prayer, a Promoter of Holiness. — Coming into the 
Divine Presence in prayer, pleading at the mercy-seat, 
entering into close communion with the Most High, why 
should not the soul become more pure, more holy? Why 
should we not pray always and in everything (Eph. 6: 
18; Philpp. 4: 6)? 

e. Prayer Secures Ample Blessings. — We are told that 
"believing prayer" will move even mountains of difficulty, 
that "persevering prayer" will cause us to keep on ask- 
ing, though the answer be long delayed, that "united 
prayer" has great and special blessings. Elijah's experience 
is a forcible illustration of this (James 5: 17, 18, margin). 

7. Prayer Brings Healing.— When devout saints are 
brought down to a bed of sickness, we are assured that 
"the prayer of faith shall save the sick" (James 5: 15). 
Precious promise of Divine deliverance! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 



The Cry of the Mother. 

My life is so narrow, so narrow, environed by four square 

And ever across my threshold the shadow of duty falls. 
My eyes wander off to the hilltops, but ever my heart 

stoops down 
In a passion of love to the babes that helplessly cling 

to my gown. 

In the light of the new day dawning I see an Evangel 

And to fields that are ripe to the harvest I am lured by 
a beckoning hand; 

But I have no place with the reapers, no part in the soul- 
stirring strife; 

I must hover my babes on the hearthstone, and teach 
them the lesson of life. 

I must answer their eager question with God-given words 

of truth; 
I must guide them with words of wisdom through chiid- 

- hood and early youth; 
I must nourish their souls and their bodies with infinite 

watchful care; 
Take thought of the loaves and fishes, and the raiment 

which they must wear. 

But at night when the lessons are over, and I cuddle 

each sleepy head; 
When the questions are asked and answered, and the last 

little prayer is said; 
When the fruitless unrest is vanished that fretted my soul 

through the day, 
Then I kneel in the midst of my children and humbly 

and thankfully pray — 

" Dear Lord, when I stand with the reapers, before thee 

at set of sun, 
When the sheaves of the harvest are gathered, and life 

and its labors done, 
I shall lay at thy feet these, my children, to my heart and 

my garments they cling; 
I may go forth with the reapers, and these are the sheaves 

1 brin g-" —Lizzie Clark Hardy. 

Mothers, Sing with Your Boys. 

BY J. G. ROYER. " 

Did you ever notice that boys are full of tune and 
rhythm? Listen to them as they whistle in the house 
and out of it! They do that because they are full of 
tune. Then notice how readily they fall into line, to 
march and keep step. That's rhythm. Keeping step 
is keeping time, and that is rhythm or musical accent. 
I know that boys are full of music because I see it 
cropping out of them everywhere. 

Nearly all boys whistle. The reason they don't 
sing is, because they are not encouraged to do so in 
the home. Too many mothers — and fathers too— 
hush the boy up every time he attempts to exercise 
his lungs. They will listen to the weak, small soprano 
voice of his little sister with smiling, motherly pride, 
while a good bass or promising tenor lies dormant in 
the boy, and dies for lack of encouragement. 

I come to you, mothers, urging you to encourage 
your boys to sing. It will be good for them in more 
ways than one, and it will be good to bring more 
song into the home. 

Mothers do not realize how hard it is for some boys 
to sing. They are often silent during song service in 
the Sunday school, not because they are uninterested, 
or indifferent, or stupid, but simply because they lack 
courage and confidence. One boy has such a loud, 
shrill voice that he is ashamed of it. Another is 
equally ashamed of his piping voice. Still another is 
afraid of striking a wrong note, and so all three keep 

I am sure that nearly all,— possibly all,— mothers 
wish that their boys would sing. Well, let the mother 
who wishes her boy to sing, help him by encouraging 
him. If she is in real earnest about the matter, she 
will find time to practice a little with him, now and 
then. She may find him dumb with timidity at first, 
but if she will patiently persist in her effort to help 
him, he will, by and by, find his voice and use it. 
When once he ventures to use his voice, praise him. 
I don't know of anything that is more helpful with a 
timid boy than praise. The reason for this is, that 
many boys with really good voices are apt to think 
themselves poor singers. Under those conditions 
nothing stimulates them more than to find out that 

mother considers those despised tones not only good, 
bnt excellent. Be sure that you do not find fault when 
your boy makes mistakes in singing. Better joke 
good-naturedly about the mistakes and urge him to try 

If you have only one boy, get one or two from other 
homes to come over to your house, and then you can 
help them to learn some good pieces, to sing all by 
themselves. In the selection of pieces do not ask them 
to choose " baby pieces," for they are sure they are 
not babies. A boy, — and everybody else, for that 
matter, — likes best to sing songs that reach away down 
and get hold of the heart. 

When your boys have learned to sing one or more 
songs, then suggest that they choose the one they like 
best, and ask their Sunday-school teacher to have the 
whole class learn the song and sing it before the Sun- 
day school. The Sunday school enjoys seeing a class 
of manly-looking boys get up in front and sing. This 
will help the boys to do things publicly; for they are 
like all the rest of us in this respect. They need this 
drill. Once the boys are convinced that they are doing 
something that helps the Sunday school, they will 
work heroically. 

But how can we expect our boys to sing if their 
mothers and teachers don't sing? I know that some 
mothers think they cannot sing. That's the trouble 
with the boys. They know mother thinks she cannot 
sing, and so they think they cannot. Well, let's do our 
best, any way. 

I do not think our kind Father in heaven says when 
he hears you and me singing, "What a horrid voice 
that is ! " or, " It is a pity she cannot sing,— she wants 
to so much." No, no. Our Father does not talk that 
wav of our honest efforts at singing. Worldly critics 
may, but God never. I am sure that every honest at- 
tempt to sing, on the part of a mother, brings gladness 
to our Father's great heart of hearts. I am sure that 
he is glad to have us sing at all. It is all music with 
sweet melody to him. So let mothers sing and help 
the boys to sing. It will encourage them and do them 

" Sing aloud unto God our strength." 
" Sing psalms unto him." 
" Sing forth the honor of his name." 
" Sing unto him a new song." 

"Let both voting men, and maidens; old men and 
children praise the Lord." 
" Praise ye the Lord." 
Mt. Morris, III. 

to be of higher rank, — hardly willing to associate with 
the lowly? Would we rather not mix with those of 
less note?" 

Some say, " There is caste in America." Well, I 
am made to feel that if we are not careful, we will 
be on the road that way. If so, it will be a sad state 
for the church of Jesus Christ. 

The very things Christ taught us will keep us to- 
gether if we heed and obey. But. my dear sisters, 
silks and finery does not harmonize with that simple 
service which Jesus illustrated in the upper room in 
Jerusalem. The same desire in the heart for any other 
occasion is out of harmony with the spirit of his Word. 
Sisters, will we be strong for the right, or will we allow 
our own sinful inclinations to control us? Our every 
action is either for or against the cause of our Master. 
" Ye cannot serve God and Mammon." 

Will we put down self and lift God's banner a little 
higher? Will we come closer together and, in one 
harmonious band, carry forward God's message to the 
world ? 

Lord, a little band and lowly, 

Help us all to follow thee 
Jesus, keep us pure and holy, 

That we may accepted be. 

Some sweet day to dwell in heaven 
With the white-robed throng above 

Where no sin can ever sever. 
All will there be joy and We. 

McPhcrson, Kans. 

Reaching the Poor. 


Some time ago I was privileged to call at some 
homes, to assist the inmates, if possible, to a higher 
and better life. I gave them something uplifting to 
read, and invited them to»come to church. I visited 
the poorer class mostly, — the common people. 

The question was asked, " Do you attend church?" 
Many times the answer came, " O no, we cannot go 
now. We used to go, but when times got hard, we 
could not mingle with the church people, because our 
money was too scarce. We could not pay our share, 
and could not dress well enough, so we were ashamed 
to go. Nowadays people all dress so fine that we do 
not feel at home with them." 

Will this day ever come to us, as a church? God 
forbid! Sad, indeed, would it be for the poor people,— 
those in the common walks of life. Jesus loved and 
graciously helped all such. Do they feel at home 
with us now? 

Today, if we mean to do the best and most far- 
reaching work for Jesus, we must carry God's Word 
to the lowly ones in simple attire, because those in fine 
clothing cannot adapt themselves to the needs of such 

Jesus knew just what his people needed when he 
gave us his commands. He well knew that differences 
would creep in among his followers, and, if not guard- 
ed, would exert a harmful influence. 

O sisters of our beloved Brotherhood, let us ask our- 
selves this personal question, " Do we really want to 
be on the Lord's side, to do his work in the best and 
most effectual way? Or do we have a stronger desire 

Religious Influences in Schools. 

Teachers in the public schools of the State of 
Washington are prohibited by legislative enactment 
from opening school exercises with prayer, and from 
reading the Bible to the pupils. Attorney-General Bell 
alleges that since " prayer is a religious exercise, and 
the public schools are maintained by public taxation," 
it would not be lawful to have such services, nor 
would it be expedient to read from the Bible, even 
though no comments were given on the portion read. 
With the constantly increasing army of criminals, 
everywhere, it might be well to remember that peni- 
tentiaries and reformatories are also "maintained by 
public taxation," and that many of their inmates are 
moral degenerates because they failed to be under 
Bible influences during their schooldays. 


During the last six months the sister's aid society of 
the Chapman Creek church has held eighteen meetings. 
The average attendance is fourteen, The collection 
amounted to $41,75, of which $10 was given to the child 
rescue work and $10 to the church. There are yet $9 in 
the treasury. We have made 192 garments, quilted four 
quilts, tied several comforters and have sent five sacks 
of clothing to mission points. Sister Alice Gorbutt is 
our president. — Myrtle J. Derrick, R. D. 5, Abilene, Kans., 
Dec. 12. 

The sisters at Brookville met and organized an aid 
society, with some of the brethren assisting in the elec- 
tion of officers. There were sixteen sisters present. Sis- 
er Ada Hay was chosen president, Sister Sarah Kimmel, 
vice-president, Sister Dora Hay, treasurer, and the writ- 
er, secretary. It was decided to meet every two weeks 
and to open each meeting with Scripture reading and 
prayer, and to close with the roll call, responded to by 
Scripture verses. A collection was taken, which amount- 
ed to $4. We ask an interest in your prayers, that much 
good may be done by our work. — 'Dona Zumbrum, Brook- 
ville, Ohio, Dec. IS. 

The sisters' aid society of Princeton, Franklin County, 
was organized in February, with Sister Emma Webber, 
president. We held fourteen meetings, with an average 
attendance of seven. Amount of money received, $1S.63. 
Wc sent $5 to the Kansas City Mission, $5 to the St. 
Joseph Mission, and spent $7.91 for material for com- 
forters and garments for children, leaving a balance of 
12 cents in the treasury. We also sent three sacks of 
clothing to the Kansas City Mission. By thus working 
together for a good cause, we are much strengthened in 
unity and sympathy. It is an opportunity for us to add 
our mite, when, otherwise, we could do nothing for city 
missions. — Aldula Throne, Princeton, Kans., Dec. 1. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


Official Organ of the Chnrch of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

publishing agent general mission board 

1G to 24 South State Street, Elgin. Illinois 


Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Fa. 

H C Early Penn Laird, Va. 

Grant Mahan," Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager. R. E. Arnold. 

Advlvory Committee. 

G. W. Lentt, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

tW-Ail buslnesB and conunniilcaHonsIntonoedfortho paper Fthonld bo addressed 

Stie BFETHRF.N I'V lM,l.-HiNii HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL., and not to any Indl- 
daftl connected with it. 

Entered ot the PostoOlce at Flgln, 111., os Second -el oss Matte r. 

Our correspondent for Lower Canowago congrega- 
tion, Pa., reports six accessions. 

We are publishing the program for the Special Bihle 
Term at Daleville College, Va., beginning Jan. 24 and 
lasting three days. 

Bro. Alvin G. Faust and wife, of Windber, Pa., 
who are now attending Bethany Bible School, called 
at the Messenger sanctum. 

Bro. Hiram Roose and wife, of Wakarusa, Ind., 
who are spending several days in Elgin, were with us 
in our services over last Sunday. 

Bro. J. W. Barnett held a series of meetings in the 
County Line church, Ohio, and fifteen came out on the 
Lord's side and received baptism. 

The members composing the Mt. Etna church, 
Iowa, have arranged for a minister to locate among 
them, but our correspondent fails to give the preach- 
er's name. 

Bro. J. O. Garst did some evangelistic work at 
Poplar Grove, Ohio, and five persons applied for 
membership; three were baptized and one is to receive 
the rite later. 

At present Bro. S. A. Horrberger is in Texas, but 
he will soon return to Roanoke, La., where he recently 
held a series of* meetings, and spend the remainder of 

the winter there. . 

. Bro. Geo. W. Bowser, of Arcadia, Ind., died Dec, 
23, at the age of seventy-seven years and eight months. 
He was one of the faithful elders of Indiana, and had 
preached the Gospel about fifty years. " 

When a paper like the Messenger changes loca- 
tion, it takes some people a long while to find it out. 
We still receive letters addressed to Mount Morris, 
and some time ago received one addressed to The 

Brethren at Work, Lanark, 111. 

Those who keep the Messenger supplied with 
church news are entitled to a manuscript tablet and all 
the self-addressed envelopes they need, but when call- 
ing for this outfit they should name the congregation 
for which they are the special correspondent. 

Bro. M. W. Emmert, head of the Bible Department, 
Mount Morris College, filled the Brethren pulpit in 
Elgin last Sunday morning and evening. In. the even- 
ing he spoke concerning the importance of thorough 
training for Sunday-school teachers, it being the oc- 
casion for the graduation of seven young people who 
had completed the Teacher-training course. His 
address was listened to with much interest. 

Sister Lucy May Hanawalt, wife of Bro. W. C. 
Hanawalt, of Lordsburg, Cal., died at the Pomona 
Valley Hospital, on the evening of Dec. 15, from the 
effects of an operation. She will be remembered by 
hundreds of our readers, who have met her at differ- 
ent times, and especially while her husband had charge 
of Lordsburg College, as an earnest, devoted and self- 
sacrificing sister. She lived for others more than for 

Bro. I. N. H. Beahm wishes us to say that the in- 
structors for the Bible Institute at Hebron Seminary, 
Nokesville, Va., will be Brethren J. Kurtz Miller, P. 
J. Blough, S. A. Sanger and members of the school 
faculty. The institute opens Jan. 7 and closes Jan. 16. 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger writes us from Sterling. 
Colo., where he and his wife are spending a few 
weeks, it being their purpose to spend at least a part 
of the winter in a mild climate. Bro. Rosenberger is 
doing some preaching at Sterling, while there, and 
after his meetings close will move on to some other 
point. ■ 

Under date of Dec. 29, Bro. D. L. Miller writes us 
from Reedley, Cal., saying that his next point would 
be Raisin, and from there he would go to Laton. As 
it now looks, he may not reach Los Angeles until Feb- 
ruary. While he is feeling quite well, still he is not 
strong enough to stand any lengthy efforts. His 
preaching is done with considerable moderation. 

At the late district meeting of Northeastern Ohio 
a resolution was passed, directing the churches hav- 
ing no resident elders, to determine, at their first meet- 
ing in 1910, the length of time for which such elders 
shall be chosen, the time not to exceed three years. 
This will enable the churches in question to select their 
own elders and to determine how long they are to 

One of our churches is not averse to using plenty of 
printers' ink. We have a copy of a circular, prepared 
by the pastor, in which he announces the hour for each 
service, along with the name of the preacher secured 
to hold the revival meeting. There is nothing sensa- 
tional about the circular. The facts are set forth in a 
straightforward manner, and what is said in the inter- 
est of the revival is certain to command the respect of 
sensible people. 

One of our patrons in Indiana says he is to spend 
the winter in Texas, and wishes his Messenger dis- 
continued until he returns. He was in such a hurry 
about getting started, that he did not take time to 
sign his name to his letter, and for that reason the 
paper will continue going to his Indiana address, 
whatever it may be. Possibly this item will meet his 
eye, as well as the eyes of some others who have 
omitted their names when writing this office. 

Bro. W. H. Pullen held a number of meetings at 
an isolated point in Wallowa County, Oregon, and- 
five confessed Christ, but were not baptized. They 
are said to be a hundred miles away from any mem- 
bers. Still some minister ought to be sent to them at 
a very early date, so they can receive the rite of Chris- 
tian baptism. This little band may well form the 
nucleus of a church. Many a congregation has been 
built up from even a smaller beginning. 

Bro. H. C. Early, one of our Corresponding Edi- 
tors, has this good thing to say about the doctrinal 
issue : " I want to add my compliment, too, as to the 
doctrinal issue, if I did have a say in it. That's the 
easiest way to get some men's compliments. In my 
judgment it is the best of its kind yet brought out. One 
feature of much interest is the fact that it covers so 
many points and, then, the articles are short and pithy, 
the most of them pretty well written, some of them ex- 
ceedingly well written. On the whole, it is good, very 
good. And you are entitled to recognition for your 
engineering the thing so successfully as you did." 

Bro. D. H. Baker, of Hanover, Pa., says he is 
seventy-two years old, has been in the ministry thirty- 
one years and preaches nearly every Sunday, In 
former years he and his wife traveled a great deal in 
adjoining counties, stopping for neither rain nor snow. 
He does not know how many sermons he preached, 
but has a record of 379 funerals. In 1884, on an ex- 
tremely cold day, he traveled ten miles to bury a 
Quaker lady. On this trip he was frozen to sleep, and 
since then his hearing has not been good. He says 
that during the war he fought for his flag, but now he 
is fighting for the banner of his Master, the Prince of 
Peace. One year ago his wife went to her long home, 
and he is looking forward to the time when he can 
meet her on the other shore. 

We have a copy of the minutes of the district meet- 
ing of Northeastern Ohio, containing a very interest- 
ing query for the Annual Meeting. Bro. A. S. Work- 
man has been chosen to represent the district on the 
Standing Committee. We shall publish all the queries, 
intended for the Annual Conference, as soon as we 
can get hold of them. Some of the District Clerks are 
extremely slow about sending us copies of the minutes 
of their respective meetings, though the meetings were 
held over two months ago. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter, of Mttford, Ind., seems to have 
been a New Year's gift to his parents, for he was 
born on the first day of January, and last Saturday 
was seventy years old. His health is good, his mind 
is active, he continues his systematic study of the 
Bible, and not long since, in the State examination by 
Hurlbut, received a credit of 100. A younger man 
could not have received a higher mark. He says his 
wife is eighteen months younger than himself, and is 
as hale as a woman of but twenty-five summers. They 
are a well-preserved couple. 

We are in receipt of an interesting pastoral letter 
for December from the visiting pastor, Bro. J. B. 
Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa. The letter is printed 
and contains a number of items of interest. We 
observe that there is a board of four elders, with 
Bro. H. B. Brumbaugh as elder in charge. This is 
followed by a group of eight resident ministers. Then 
there are seven student ministers, and nine deacons, 
with one of the deacons named as president of the 
board. The trustees, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' officers are also named, along with the or- 
ganization of the Sisters' Mission Band. The weekly 
and monthly appointments are announced. The spirit- 
ual tone of the letter is good and will certainly prove 
helpful to the members of the Huntingdon church. 

Mr. John M. Studebaker, of the Studebaker Wag- 
on Company, South Bend, Ind., and also a director of 
the Winona Assembly, recently wrote this to the editor 
of the Winona Assembly Review, when referring to 
his parents, who were members of the Church of the 
Brethren : " That good old Dunkard father and moth- 
er trained us to work and taught us to fear' God and 
love our fellow-men. Father was a man who always 
loved his church. Mother sat at her spinning wheel 
and her loom; she knitted our socks, and wove the 
cloth to make our clothes. But she always found time 
to read to us from the Bible, and with earnest prayers 
she asked that her children might grow up and become 
Christian men and women. I can only say that the 
early teaching of that good old father and mother laid 
the foundation for our success in life." 

During 1909 Sister Mary Hoff Graybill, of Union 
Bridge, Md., has kept tally on the conversions report- 
ed through the Messenger. She says that during the 
year 6,222 persons were received into the church by 
confession and baptism, while 383 were restored to 
fellowship. This falls a little short of the showing for 
the year previous, as the record for that year says 
6,366 were received by baptism, while 431 were re- 
claimed. Hence, for the year, there was a total of 
6,797 accessions, whereas for 1909 we report 6,605, or 
192 less. The accessions by baptism for the differ- 
ent months are given as follows : January, 737 ; Feb- 
ruary, 572; March, 516; April, 282; May, 331; June, 
309; July, 400; August, 341; September, 517; Octo- 
ber, 887; November, 631; December, 699. October 
was the best month for accessions, there being 887 
baptized during the month, January comes next with 
737 baptized. We have been keeping a record of 
the accessions since 1896, in which year the number of 
additions to the church was given as 5,464, but the re- 
ports for last year, and the year before, make the most 
encouraging showing on record. While the reports 
we publish, from year to year, do not give proof of 
the increase we should like to see, still it must be evi- 
dent that our labors are by no means in vain. Our 
prayer is that, at the end of the present year, we may 
be able to report an increased number of conversions, 
as well as a decided growth in spiritual attainments. 
We have another report about which we may say 
something in another issue. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


Eld. C. F. Yoder, former editor of the Brethren 
Evangelist, and author of " God's Means of Grace," 
but now missionary sent to South America by the 
Progressive Brethren, has located at Rio Cuarto, Ar- 
gentine. He says that the country is wonderfully pro- 
ductive, with a climate much like Southern California, 
.and that there is a great opening for mission work, 
{there being but a few Protestant missions in a radius 
■of hundreds of miles. It is believed that in time many 
parts of South America will prove as promising for 
-emigrants as some of the most favored sections of the 
United States. 

One time a sister, who had a fine faculty for seeing 
'the bad side of things, was finding considerable fault 
with the church in general, and with some of the 
members in -particular. Her elder told her that she 
should make it a rule, so long as she remained in the 
■church, to do her talking for the church, and let the 
talking against the church, and against her members, 
be done by others. This was splendid advice, and 
should be passed on to others. The member who 
talks for the church may be counted on the Lord's 
side, but the one who talks against the church, and is 
all the while finding fault with those who belong to 
the church, may possibly have to be counted on the 
other side. 

The Brethren Almanac for 1910, just published, 
shows an increase in our ministerial force, but not 
quite as much as we were looking for. In the list will 
be found the names of 2,987 ministers, with, possibly, 
a few duplicates. Fifty-one of these reside in foreign 
countries and the rest in the United States. The list 
for 1908 showed an increase of 107 over the list of the 
year previous, but the increase of the 1909 list over 
that of 1908 is only forty-nine. Still, our present list 
is the largest ever known in the history of the Brother- 
hood, containing nearly 800 more names than the list 
published eleven years ago. Statistics show a larger 
increase, proportionately, in the ministerial force than 
in the membership of the. church. If the increase in 
membership would keep pace with the increase in the 
ministerial force, we would now be able to report fully 
180,000 members. Of the 2,987 ministers, fully 2,000 
of them ought to be able to wield the Gospel Sword 
with skill and force. So far as the number of our 
ministers is concerned, the outlook is decidedly en- 
couraging, but are we all doing what we can to spread 
the Gospel, build up churches and feed the Master's 

A Lukewarm Church. 

We have a strange report, and yet the results are 
what might be expected. We are told of a congrega- 
tion, composed of about fifty members, where only 
four families receive the Messenger. The minister is 
a hard-working man and does his utmost to give his 
people good spiritual service, yet half of the members 
do not attend meetings regularly. There are .fifty 
names on the church roll, and yet only a few of them 
can be depended upon for active church work. There 
are nearly a half dozen deacons, and some of them do 
not even give thanks at the table for the splendid meals 
with which they are blessed. Here is a Brethren com- 
munity where little attention is given to our church 
literature, and you will find similar results jn every 
congregation where the Messenger is not read. Place 
the paper in each of the families of this church and a 
transformation will be seen in less than a year. To 
arouse the indifferent members to a state of activity is 
a part of our work, and we are doing it from one end 
of the land to the other. There is no use in carrying 
a dead church on the roll for years. Such churches 
need to be converted, and we ought to have a few 
evangelists who know just how to arouse such mem- 
bers from their lukewarm state. The Lord's method 
of dealing with such conditions, as set forth in Rev. 
3:16, is to either arouse such people from their spirit- 
ual slumber, or get rid of them. But we believe they 
can be restored to their first love and church activity 
if we will get at them in the right way. 

Honesty in the Ministry. 

A leading minister, who, in his preaching and writ- 
ings, sets forth views contrary to the accepted doc- 

trines of his church, complains bitterly because he has 
been unfrocked. He holds that one should be permit- 
ted to search the Scriptures for himself, accept the 
truth as it appeals to him, and teach the same, if he 
thinks proper to do so. Since he has been deposed, be- 
cause of what he believes and teaches, he is trying to 
make it appear that he is now a martyr for the cause 
of truth. 

This man should bear in mind that no one is inter- 
fering with his liberty to believe and teach what he 
pleases. He was made a minister by a church holding 
certain doctrines, and he was ordained with the dis- 
tinct understanding that he held the same doctrines, 
and was willing to practice and teach accordingly. He 
has seen proper to change his views, while the church 
has not, and now wants back of him the moral support 
of the church, while he is endeavoring to upset her 

It is a case like this : A man becomes identified with 
the Prohibition party, and, being a fine talker, is placed 
in the lecture field in the interests of prohibition. For 
a time his lectures are all right, but in the course of a 
few months he changes his views, and goes to talking 
in favor of the saloons and the liquor traffic. Would 
his party continue his name on the list of their field 
workers? Most assuredly not. Nor would he have 
the cheek to ask to be retained. He would be honest 
enough to withdraw from the Prohibition party before 
entering a field for another party. This would be 
looked upon as common honesty. 

Another illustration: The Baptists ordain a tal- 
ented young man to the ministry. He understands 
that his church believes that only immersion can 
be considered New Testament baptism. For years he 
remains faithful to the Baptist doctrine, but in time 
his mind undergoes a change; he is willing to regard 
sprinkling as proper baptism and preaches in favor of 
sprinkling instead of immersion. Does any one pre- 
sume that the Baptists would retain him as a minister? 
Certainly not. They would read him out of the minis- 
try at the first opportunity. Will he complain? No, 
not if he has the good sense and the common honesty 
credited to the average politician. 

Well, what about the minister in any church, who 
changes his mind regarding the faith and practice of 
his church! He holds his office by virtue of the offi- 
cial action of his church, and is supposed to represent 
the interests of his church. But in his preaching and 
writing he opposes some of the accepted doctrines of 
the church that has made him a minister. Is the man 
honest? Would he be considered honest for doing that 
way in any other calling? Most assuredly not. Then, 
why endorse his course from a religious point of view? 

But he says he understands the Scriptures different- 
ly from what his church does, and that, as a minister, 
he should heed the Word of God rather than the 
church. By this he would have us understand that he 
considers himself greater than the church. If he is 
greater than the church, and knows more than the 
church, why does he insist on having the church stand 
back of his official position? The fact of the matter is, 
those who persist in underrating the church in this 
manner, simply seek an excuse for their inconsistency, 
unfaithfulness and religious dishonesty. If a minister, 
because of a change of views, can no longer teach the 
doctrine of his church, let him be frank enough to ask 
his church to excuse him. This is the fair and honor- 
able thing to do, however serious the action might be 
considered. . 


John the Baptist began preaching, saying, " Re- 
pent." Jesus began his work among men, saying, " Re- 
pent." It is significant that both John and Jesus began 
their ministry, preaching on the same subject. Peter, 
in his great sermon on the day of Pentecost, placed 
tremendous emphasis on repentance. The same is 
true of Paul's sermon on Mars' Hill before that learned 
court. And so in the preaching of all the apostles. 
All this shows the importance of the subject. 

What is repentance? The product of godly sorrow 
(2 Cor. 7: 10). What is its fruit, or proof? Change 
of life and conduct (Matt. 3:8). Repentance is not 
sorrow, as too many interpret it to mean; it is pro- 
duced by sorrow, — godly sorrow. It is not a change of 

life and conduct; these are produced by repentance, 
and they are its fruit and proof. Then, what is it? 
It stands, you notice, between godly sorrow, on the one 
side, and reformation of conduct on the other. It is 
worked out by godly sorrow, and when repentance is 
worked out, it changes the outer life and conduct, and 
these prove it. It must, then, be purely and exclu- 
sively an internal work, the work of the heart. It is 
simply the heart turning from sin to God with full 
purpose to serve him, the result of a conscious sense 
of the guilt and condemnation of sin. This is repent- 

This change of heart represents the embryonic 
stage of the spiritual birth, when the inner formations 
and developments are made the formation of the new 
purpose of life, which is made strong and laid deep in 
the agony of the soul, as the foundation of things new. 
In faith the seed is conceived, and in baptism the child 
is delivered. 

Along with godly sorrow, Paul speaks of the sorrow 
of the world, and says it works death. There are 
several distinct differences between godly sorrow and 
worldly sorrow. Godly sorrow worketh repentance 
unto salvation not to be repented of; while worldly 
sorrow works death. One brings life, the other death. 
Godly sorrow is founded on God; it is an inner, inex- 
pressible pain, because of the conviction that our sins 
offend God and grieve him at his heart; while worldly 
sorrow is based on things here, — this world. It is 
pain, and sometimes very severe pain, because of the 
present results of sin. For instance, a man's sins are 
exposed, and he is sorry that his reputation is injured 
or that his business suffers. He has spent his life in 
dissipation, and he is sorry that he must suffer for the 
want of health and prosperity, etc. Such conditions 
bring death ; but no man repents because of them. It 
must go deeper. A man must be made to feel in his 
very heart first of all that God is the one to suffer most 
because of our sins. In this appears the exceeding 
sinfulness of sin, and also how God hates sin, and what 
an offense it is to him. Out of this condition of ex- 
perience one feels forced to give up his sin and sur- 
render himself to God. This is godly sorrow, and this 
is its blessed result. 

There are several distinct stages in repentance, or, 
rather, one thing that produces it and a few things 
that follow at once. 

First, there is conviction. On this godly sorrow 
rests. Conviction, or to convict, is a legal term. It 
means to prove a prisoner guilty of a crime charged 
against him, followed by the penalty of the law. The 
term has the same meaning in its New Testament use. 
We are charged with having violated God's law; and 
the Holy Ghost, with the law in hand as his sword, 
proves the charge to be true, and fastens our guilt up- 
on us. We are convicted ; we are proven guilty. We 
see it. We know it. There is no escape from it. This 
is, in large part, the office of the Holy Ghost, and it is 
the first thing he does for the sinner. 

Notice, to convict one is to prove him guilty of the 
violation of law. Conviction is simply the proof of 
guilt fastened on one. That's what it is, and. strictly 
speaking, that's all it is. It is not feeling, except as 
feeling results from a sense of guilt. However, 
conviction is usually fruitful of feeling, varying in 
individuals according to differences in temperament. 
The proof of guilt brings godly sorrow, without which 
repentance is impossible. That's what it is given for. 
And the Holy Spirit is, first of all, specially charged 
with convicting the world of sin, and of righteousness, 
and of judgment (John 16: 8). All this is foundation 

Immediately after the change of heart, in which the 
purpose is formed to forsake sin and serve God. the 
sinner makes confession and restores injuries done 
as far as possible. The prodigal, after he decided to 
return to his father, framed his confession at once. 
It was the fullest and most penitent. And " if we con- 
fess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our 
sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." 

Zacchseus is a good example of restoring the injured. 
He said, " If I have taken anything from any man by 
false accusation, I restore him fourfold." He not only 
restored lawful dues to those whom he had wronged, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 

but he did it fourfold. This is the unmistakable fruit 
and proof of thorough repentance. It also settles the 
scope of confession, showing that it is not confined to 
God only, but that confession must be made to those 
whom we have injured. How can restoration be made 
without confession? In many cases, in fact, confession 
is all that can be done in the way of restoring the in- 
jured. The point is, to make things right with God, 
they must be made right with men as far as possible. 
Here lies one of the finest tests of repentance. And 
I am wondering what undischarged burdens, at this 
point are resting upon those of us who profess repent- 
ance. ——= H " c - E - 
Life's Mileposts. 

Along the Pennsylvania Railroad, between Pitts- 
burg and Philadelphia, at the end of each mile, there 
is placed a milepost. On one side of each post is 
plainly marked the number of miles to Pittsburg, and 
on the other side, the number of miles to Philadelphia, 
so that the traveler, by looking, can always tell where 
he is, and the direction in which he is going. He 
may have in his mind his place of starting, as well as 
the point to which he is going, and note the speed 
which he is making on his way. This is very import- 
ant, — especially to those who are deeply interested as 
to the time of arrival. Of course, this interest is meas- 
ured largely by the expectations that we expect to 
realize upon our arrival. If we are on a pleasure trip, 
and time is not a consideration, we are not anxious as 
to the hour of our arrival, but find, perhaps, the major 
part of our enjoyment along the way. The rivers, the 
valleys, the fields, the hills and mountains by the way- 
side all have their attractions, and the mile-stones 
have but little or no interest. It is the things by the 
way that demand the attention of the traveler. 

To others time is valuable, — is precious. Their con- 
cern is not about the things along the way, but what is 
to be found, received, or done at the end, so that every 
milestone passed means one point, one mile, one min- 
ute nearer the object of their purpose. This is right, 
natural and reasonable. No one, as he associates with 
the different passengers, thinks strange of the different 
dispositions thus shown. 

We very well remember, years ago, while attending 
our Annual Conference in the Far West, of receiving 
a dispatch from home, stating that father had died. 
Of course we were exceedingly desirous of getting 
home before his burial. At once we consulted the rail- 
road men and were informed that by taking the first 
train east, which left in forty minutes, we could make 
it, providing we could make close connections and met 
with no mishaps. At the scheduled time we were at 
the depot, took the train and were soon on our way 
homeward. No hills, valleys, fields or cities by the 
way had any attractions for us. Home was our ob- 
jective point of interest. To get there, to see a loving 
father before his body was laid away with the silent 
dead, was our only concern. In the morning before 
reaching Chicago we were told that our train was 
twenty minutes behind time, and as the connection was 
direct, unless this time was made up, there would be 
no connection, and my whole purpose missed. But 
the conductor said: "I'll get you there," and he did. 
Again, with only one more change to make, we were 
off for home. Did our passing mileposts mean any- 
thing to us? To us it seemed to be a life race. As we 
started down the east side of the mountains, again we 
had lost time, — this time a half hour. But distress and 
death always appeal to human sympathy, and the con- 
ductor said that he would either make up the time or 
hold the connecting train. How much of the lost time 
he made up, we never thought to inquire, but as the 
train pulled in at Cumberland, the other train was 
there, steaming and puffing to be off, — and off we 
went, reaching our home station at the church just in 
time to meet the funeral procession and enter into the 
the church with it. We reached the milepost in time, 
and the circumstance and occasion made an impres- 
sion on our mind and heart that we shall never forget. 

How anxious we were to see that familiar face just 
once more before it would be laid away, to be seen no 
more until it would come forth in its more beautiful 
and glorified form! Yet, are we not all on a still more 
important journey? True, a different one in some 

respects, but in others quite similar. From our morning 
of time to our evening of time; from our childhood 
point to the old age point, along the way we have set 
up the mileposts, numbered in days, months and years, 
towards the city which Jesus has gone ahead to pre- 
pare for us. We all have started in life's journey. 
But the question should be with us: How are we get- 
ting on? Have we stopped? Are we lingering and 
playing by the way? Have we turned around and are 
we on the backward way, or are we vigorously push- 
ing forward towards the end which our Father wants 
us all to reach? From which side are we reading our 
milepost? Are we going forward or backward? 

Some of us are on the way but we make speed 
slowly. The way does not seem bright, — dark clouds 
loom up and dim, or intercept, our vision. We become 
too much interested and taken up with the side views, 
until at last we forget that we are sojourners, erect 
ourselves tents, and decide to settle down and be satis- 
fied with what we have, forgetting that on this journey 
we have no continuing city. We are on the tide of 
time and we are being borne along somewhere, either 
forward towards the city of our God or backwards to- 
wards the city of destruction. The mileposts are set 
and plainly tell us which way we are going. All we 
have to do is to look and see. Hour by hour, month 
by month, and year by year, we are passing them by, 
and in the unknown sometime we will come to our 
last one, and where shall it land us? Shall it be at 
the gate of the Eternal City or at the whirlpool of de- 
struction? It is for us to say. The importance of 
what this ending shall be ought to awaken us to our 
best interests, and cause us to put forth our best 
efforts to make sure that our landing shall be in the 
Heavenly City. 

As the last note of the old year rang out and the first 
one of the New Year rang in, another milepost of our 
lives forever passed from our vision. If saved we are 
to be, we must say : " For now is our salvation nearer 
than when we first believed." h. b. b. 

see it, to see if your congregation is properly represent- 
ed. Second, every minister can have the Visitor for 
the asking. Have you asked for it? Address: Gen- 
eral Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois. 

A Missionary Mirror and Reflector. 

Nothing, at times, is so interesting, perhaps so 
startling, as the facts. This is true about missionary 
work as well as in other lines. Perhaps not in a long 
time has anything appeared in the columns of the 
Missionary Visitor that has stirred as much enthu- 
siasm and comment as an article in the December 
issue, entitled, " A Missionary Mirror and Reflector." 

It is an analysis of the missionary giving of the 
whole Brotherhood during the Bicentennial year. It 
gives comparative tables, discusses the reasons why 
giving is as it is, shows each State District in its true 
perspective, giving a complete list of the congregations 
of each District, what they gave and what they might 
have given, if every one had given a dollar. It is a 
wonderful collection of facts and will surprise the 
membership, no matter who reads it. 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn, says, " It is an 
eye-opener. I don't know anything that will stir some 
of our preachers and elders like this report. I, for one, 
am going to make it the basis of a sermon in each of 
my Bible terms." 

Bro. J. J. Yoder, of Kansas, says, " ' A Missionary 
Mirror and Reflector ' is loaded with information that 
ought to arouse the churches from the Atlantic to the 

Bro. H. C. Early, of Virginia, says, " You have 
worked out that article, ' A Missionary Mirror and 
Reflector,' to a great advantage. No one, it seems to 
me, can study what you say, with the tables before 
him, without great advantage." 

Bro. Jesse Emmert, of Waynesboro, Pa., home from 
India on furlough, writes, " To my way of seeing 
things it is the best Visitor in years. It is a revelation. 
You did a fine thing in so presenting the standing of 
the churches and Districts. I am sure it gives me 
some very solid grounds on which to walk, as I visit 
and present this question." 

Bro. D. J. Lichty, home from India on furlough, 
writes, " Well, yes, the December Visitor strikes the 
spot O. K." 

Two things are wanted. First, if you have not 
seen the December Visitor^ aslj for. it. You should 

Tobacco in the Way. 

A preacher, noted for his ability to put life and 
vigor into a meeting, says he can do nothing for a 
certain congregation that he recently visited. He 
preached night after night, had a good attendance, 
but no interest. When he undertook to analyze the 
situation, he learned that nearly all the members use 
tobacco. Those who do not smoke, chew, and some 
of them do both. To fill a congregation of tobacco- 
users with spiritual earnestness, was too much for 
him. He preached the Word with more than ordi- 
nary zeal, but there were no fruits. We have not 
been informed that he preached against the use of 
the weed. Possibly he feared to undertake it. But 
when a strong preacher strikes a place like that, why 
not let the people feel the keen edge of the Sword of 
the Spirit, as it applies to the tobacco question! 
When Paul went into a city given over to sin, he 
preached against that very sin, though he sometimes 
had to suffer for it. Are we not in need of some of 
the same kind of boldness today? We have heard of 
strong sermons against the use of the weed in com- 
munities where very littleJ:obacco was used, but who 
ever heard of a well-prepared sermon being delivered 
in a locality where many of the members had con- 
tracted the tobacco habit? 

The Churches Doing Something. 

Some people are wondering what is the matter with 
the churches in the United States. There may be a 
good deal the matter with most of them, and still they 
are doing something after all. It is said that they are 
building eight churches each day, that in their Sunday 
schools they are teaching more than fifteen million 
boys, girls, and older people, every week, and doing it 
all at their own voluntary expense, while the Govern- 
ment is taxing the people to the amount of two hundred 
and seventy-five million dollars per year, for the pur- 
pose of teaching sixteen million scholars, who must at- 
tend schools from which the Bible is excluded by law. 
Furthermore, the churches are translating the Bible in- 
to hundreds of languages, sending out thousands of 
missionaries and are girdling the globe with their moral 
and spiritual influence. True, they may not be doing 
all they might, and yet, if they were to withdraw their 
influence from society, and leave everything to the care 
of the infidels and others, the conditions would soon 
become such that everybody would wonder how the 
world could possibly get along without the churches. 
Imagine the condition of things without the churches, 
then you may be able to understand, to some extent 
at least, what the churches are doing. 

What We Write About. 

When opening up missions in new localities it is 
natural for those interested to write about their fine 
country, the excellent climate and the splendid op- 
portunities for making money. Very little is said 
about the saving of souls, or the Lord having a people 
in their locality that need attention. In this respect 
we differ from the missionaries about which we read 
in the New Testament. When locating missions, the 
early Christians did not look around for the most 
productive soil and the best climate to be found. Nor 
were they concerned about where the most money 
could be made, or where the land was the cheapest. 
Paul worked at tent-making because he needed money 
to meet his expenses, but he did not go to Corinth 
iust because of good business opportunities. He went 
there to preach the Gospel. We need a number of 
this kind of preachers today — men who are more con- 
cerned about preaching the Gospel than about homes, 
lands and paying investments. While encouraging a 
return to the apostolic methods, in faith and practice, 
it might be well to consider the advisability of restor- 
ing the apostolic method of spreading the Gospel and 
building up churches. There are some things in the 
Book, that we may not have learned. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 




». J,. Miller, Chairman Mt. Morris, 111. 

K. C. Early, Vice-Chalrman Penn Laird, Va. 

Ii. W. Teeter Hagerstown, Ind. 

Chas. D. Bonsack, Washington, D. C. 

J, J. Yoder, McPherson, Kuuu. 

General Mission Board, Elgin, m. 

That the evangelizing forces of the day are gradually 
gaining in their struggle with the evils, threatening hu- 
man welfare everywhere, is the opinion of Frederick Har- 
rison, an English writer, in reply to a pessimistic book, 
recently published" in London. Mr. Harrison declares 
that great as are the social evils, their proportion to our 
entire life is not so great as to stamp our civilization as 
dying or deserving to die, — that the social forces that do 
battle with these evils are gaining and not losing. Look- 
ing into the future, Mr. Harrison sees a vision of a new 
heaven and a new earth, man's earth having grown to be a 
real heaven, and our new heaven having become a regen- 
erated earth. To the earnest student of prophecy such a 
happy state does not at all seem impossible. God has 
spoken, and his word cannot fail. 

The question of lawfulness or unlawfulness of the va- 
rious pleasures and amusements of the day i3 causing 
much uneasiness in the minds of many, and some there 
are who vigorously resent any interference with, what 
they term, their " privileges." In this connection the 
rule given by John Wesley's mother is right to the point, 
and we here insert it to the profit of all: "Whatever 
weakens your reason, whatever impairs the tenderness 
of your conscience, whatever obscures your sense of God, 
or takes off the relish of spiritual things, whatever in- 
creases the authority of your body over your mind, — 
that thing, to you, is sin." Here is a rule that may be 
readily applied by all, — a rule that is amply supported by 
the spirit and letter of the Word of God, and a rule that 
is sure to stand the test of the final judgment. It is 
worth while to study it carefully and make the needed 
application. __^ 


While we admit that there is great power in minis- 
terial activity and in well-prepared sermons, yet the suc- 
cess of a church will never be what it ought to be un- 
less there is a deep spirituality on the part of the mem- 
bers. Unfortunately, however, this is often rendered 
impassible by a petulant spirit, a peevish disposition, a 
temper without control, and a retaliating mood, urged 
on by a " rule-or-ruin " policy. Too many insist upon 
what they term " their rights," ignoring the fact that 
others have rights also. One thing is sure, — the spiritual 
man lives in close communion with his Maker, and avoids 
all occasion for offense against his neighbor. He realizes 
that he is an ambassador of Jesus Christ, the representa- 
tive of the Kingdom of Heaven, equipped with proper 
credentials, and that he must always stand up for his 
country. Only in this way will he win respect for him- 
self and honor for his King. With unbounded loyalty 
in the membership, the cause will move onward with tre- 
mendous strides. . 


Some years ago a steamer was coming up the Firth 
of Clyde on a stormy night. Careful watch was kept, 
and all was going well till suddenly a dim, flickering 
light appeared right over her bows. In another instant 
the steamer went" crashing into a ship which was lying 
at anchor. Several lives were lost, and much damage 
was done. What was the cause of the accident? The 
anchored ship had allowed her light to grow dim for 
want of oil. It was only neglect! That is just what 
many Christians do; they forget to read the Word of 
God, to meditate on it, and to watch with prayer, there- 
fore their light is almost out, to the injury of themselves 
and others. " Ye are the light of the world." Christ's 
churches are golden candlesticks, planted in a dark 
world. They are to hold forth the Word of Life, never 
failing, for a single moment, to reflect the brightness of 
the Sun of Righteousness. It is well to* watch and pray 
and to see to it that our lamps are trimmed and burning, 
and we ourselves, as men that wait for the Lord, ever 
ready for his glorious appearing 

As we met each other on the first day of this new year, 
the salutation rang out everywhere, " Happy New Year," 
and while it may have been uttered thoughtlessly by the 
many, it is well to remember that it is largely within the 
power of each one to make this year just what our friends 
have wished it might be to us. It is well to stop, just 
a moment, and take our bearings. As we contemplate 
the passing of the old year, and the ushering in of the 
new year, thoughts crowd the mind thick and fast. We 
are sitting alone, face to face with our conscience, and 
what do we learn about ourselves, — our real inner being, 

— and the all-important work for the Lord? It has been 
said that a " contemplation of past failures is an aid to 
mending one's moral fences." So be it! It is well to make 
the opening days of the new year a preparation for bet- 
ter things. If, to this end, new resolutions must be made, 
well and good. Notwithstanding the popular derision, 
there is no harm in making new resolutions, provided we 
determine to carry them out to the Lord's glory and our 
eternal happiness. What we want to do, most of all, is 
to bring up our conduct, our aspirations, our zeal, to the 
high standard of our resolutions, and remain on that 
lofty and exalted plane. Living wholly for God, and de- 
voting all that we have and are to his service, we may 
all enjoy an inspiring outlook for the new year. 

Will we pray fervently for the peace of Jerusalem? 
Will we establish firmly an apostolic church there? 
Bluffton, Ind. Marguerite Bixler Garrette. 

One of the popular evangelists has organized what he 
terms a " Family Altar League," in recognition of the 
fact that the family altar, as an institution of the home, 
has largely been dispensed with by many families. The 
very fact that such a movement has become necessary, 
is a sad evidence of spiritual decline. A generation ago, 
almost every Christian home in the country had its fam- 
ily altar. Today the household that has united daily 
prayer is getting to be the exception rather than the 
rule. Even among the membership of the Church of the 
Brethren there is a deplorable lack in this respect, com- 
pared with our record of former years. In too many 
homes the Bible is hardly ever read, and, sad to say, the 
children do not hear their parents' voices in prayer to the 
Most High. Might it not be true that increasing world- 
liness among us had its birth in the decay of the family 
altar? One thing is sure, we can well afford to rebuild 
the family altars that have been allowed to decline, and 
that work is possible to each brother and sister without 
even joining a " League." By all means, restore the fam- 
ily altar! 

The recent experience of Bishop I. O. Stringer, of the 
Yukon diocese, shows that the life of the frontier mis- 
sionary is not, by any means, one of ease and pleasure. 
Together with Charles F. Johnson, another missionary, 
he left Fort MacPherson, at the mouth of the Macken- 
zie River, after a preaching tour, some weeks ago, hop- 
ing to return home by means of a canoe. Finding the 
rivers frozen, there remained no other choice but to walk. 
This they did, undergoing hardships so strenuous that 
they lost fifty pounds, each, in weight. They had but lit- 
tle food, and were totally unprepared, in other ways, for 
the trip. For twenty-five days they walked in blinding 
fog, storm, and bitter cold. Their supplies gave out, and 
for many days they had barely enough to keep alive. 
Toward the last of the terrible journey they were com- 
pelled to take off their moccasins and " mucklocks," and 
eat them. Each day they were able to walk less, and 
when they finally stumbled into an Indian camp, they 
had almost given up. Supplied with necessary rations 
by the friendly Indians, they started onward again, finally 
reaching their destination in safety. We give this ac- 
count simply to show what some workers feel called up- 
on to endure, in order that they may preach Christ to 
those who know him not. Those of us who are, per- 
haps, living too much "at ease in Zion " may well ask 
ourselves if we really know what sacrifice is. 


Regarding the church at Jerusalem, I have wondered, 
ever since I have known of the church of the Brethren, 
why there was no representative work in Palestine. I 
was interested in this before I went to Jerusalem. When 
there, my interest grew. 

Since returning to the States, I have given a number 
of song-lectures in the interest of a church at Jerusalem, 
or, as I like to think of it,— "The Jerusalem Church." 
Free-will offerings came, and there are now some dol- 
lars in the bank accumulating interest. 

The first deposit was made in January, 1907. The last, 
Dec. 16, 1909. So far as I know, I claim the pleasure of 
being the first member of the Church of the Brethren 
definitely to start a fund for this purpose. 

The risen Christ gave his first message to a woman at 

Jerusalem. The women of Palestine need so much to 

hear again these words: 

" Sweetest note In seraph song, 
Sweetest name on mortal tongue. 
Sweetest carol ever sung, 
Jesus, blessed Jesus! ' 

And I appeal especially to the women of the United 
States to be strong, with the quick step of an onward 
progress in coming to the rescue of those who live in this 
little country, whose history stands unrivaled. 

Christian woman is honored and respected because 
of the beautiful Gospel of love and liberty taught by the 
Friend of Martha and Mary. It is this that clothes her 
with the sunlight of sanctity, makes her pure with the ut- 
most approach to holiness, and sweet with unselfish at- 
tributes. Many blessings are ours. Let us nobly show 
our appreciation by swinging the Christless world off its 
hinges, in lifting the world's girlhood, its motherhood, 
its wifehood, and its widowhood to the realization of the 
Man of Galilee's ideal woman. 

Dear reader, has it ever occurred to you what the con- 
dition of the Master's cause would be, if each member 
would do as you do? Some of the results are briefly 
told in the following dialogue: 

A. If everybody would do as I do they would not read 
this article, for I don't read the Messenger. I can get 
larger papers for one-fourth the price of the Messenger. 

B. I love the Brotherhood, and if each member would 
do as I do, they would all want to read the Messenger, 
to keep informed as to what is going on in our beloved 
Fraternity, as well as to get the benefit of the many in- 
structive articles it contains. Besides, if each member 
would pay the subscription price, as I do, the Publishing 
House would not only be able to furnish us a weekly 
religious journal, filled with wholesome reading, but, over 
and above all expenses, would have several thousand dol- 
lars to turn into the General Mission Fund. 

A. If each member would do as I do, we would have 
no mission fund, for I never give anything for that pur- 
pose. I tell you, I work hard for what I have. I once 
heard a minister quote this from the Bible: " If any man 
will not provide for his own household, he is worse than 
an infidel." 

B. If all would feel as I do, they would realize that all m 
we have in this world belongs to the Lord, and he re- 
quires us to use all things to his honor and glory. He 
expects of us that a portion be appropriated to the build- 
ing up of his cause. I am in deep sympathy with Sun- 
day school, church, and mission work. 

A. If every one would do as I do, we would have no 
Sunday school. I never attend, and always manage to be 
late for preaching. Then, if all would do as I do, the 
whole congregation would be sleeping, while the minis- 
ter is trying to preach. 

B. If all would do as I do, every one would always 
manage to be on time for Sunday school and church, 
and the entire congregation would give the very best at- 
tention to the discourse of the minister who seems to be 
at his best under these circumstances. Thus saints would 
be encouraged to be faithful, and the sinners made to feel 
the need of salvation. 

A. I never before realized, as I now do, what the re- 
sult would be if each member would do as I have been 
doing. Hereafter I will endeavor to live and act in a way 
that if all would imitate my example, every good work 
of the Lord would receive the necessary encouragement 
and support to make it a success. J. F. Neher. 

Elk City, Okla. 


We seem slow to see that it is not best to have the 
church hymns and the Sunday-school hymns combined. 
However good and spiritual the songs and music may 
be, they are not so well adapted to all conditions. The 
Sunday-school conventions, young people's services and 
children's meetings require a wider scope, a more fre- 
quent change, and a greater variety, than the books now 
in use afford. 

It seems to be a mistake to get out a new book, made 
up largely of old hymns and tunes, bind it in board or 
cloth, and then speak of its cheapness when all the new 
hymns and tunes, or others equally good, can be pur- 
chased elsewhere in a small, paper-bound book for less 
than one-half the price of the former. 

The wants of our mission work, Sunday schools, young 
people's and children's meetings should be anticipated 
and provided for. Books for this purpose should be 
cheap. They need not be— they better would not be- 
large. A tasty, strong paper cover is all that is needed 
in the binding. This would encourage the latent talent 
of the church in both the field of hymns and music. By 
an arrangement of this kind, might we not create an 
outside demand? 

Of course we do not all have experience in the pub- 
lishing business, and some of our ideas may be consid- 
ered wild vagaries, but one thing is sure, if we cannot, 
or do not, provide for the demands of our people, they 
will go where they can get what they want. Then, too, 
our Publishing House must not advertise other books 
in terms of the highest praise, and then blame our people 
for buying them. 

There is another thing to consider. Our people, in 
some localities, are loath to change and are slow to in- 
troduce, or adopt, a new something. In other localities 
they are more progressive, and, rather than be held back 
by the more conservative, they accept the flattering in- 
ducements held out by others. The result is not hard to 
tell. " Let me make a nation's songs and I care not 
who makes their laws." Jas. A. Sell. 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

" Some prayers are not for words. Some that I know 
of are locked yi the silvery cell of a tear drop. Angels 
catch these on their fleecy wings and they bear the treas- 
ure casket to heaven, where it is opened in the presence 
of God." 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 

iVore* ttom Out Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country-" 


Christmas exercises were well attended, 

and the children did their part well. One Interesting feature 
of the program were the especially-selected songs, led by the 
scholars. A treat of candy, nuts and apples was given. 
Money, solicited for the treat, and a special collection amount- 
ed to $29.80. The surplus was given to the aid society, o 
help get carpet for the church. As a token of love the aid 
society presented our elder and wife with a beautiful wool 
quilt.— Mrs. E. M. Wolfe. Macdoel. Cal„ Dec. 27. 

Kennan.- We are now settled in our new colony, three 
miles east of Kerman, Cal. At present there are over forty- 
members located here and several more are coming the first 
of the vear We never saw so many new buildings being con- 
structed at one time and in one locality. As most of the i set- 
tlers buv only from ten to twenty acres of this irrigated 
land the roads leading out of town look like city avenues 
Most of our members have settled on one section of land and 
expect to organize a church In the near future. The old 
settlers seem glad to Have us move among them, as there 
has been little or no preaching In this vicinity. Some of our 
members have lived here since last spring and say the cli- 
mate is fine The summers are warm, yet not so disagreeable 
as In many of the Middle States. There is plenty of room for 
anv who wish to come, and plenty of church work for all 
Dairying poultry raising, and fruit growing are the principal 
industries.— J. W. Brooks, Kerman, Cal., Dec. 23. 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 18. with Bro. C. D. 
Fager presiding, in the absence of our elder, Bro H. A. Whis.- 
ler who could" not be with us. Our Thanksgiving collection 
amounted to $38.50. Church officers were elected for the 
coming year as follows: Clerk. Sister Susie Wine: treasurer 
Bro John Pugh; janitor, Bro. Jacob Wine. Sunday-school 
officers are as follows: Sister Hattle Rexroad, superintendent; 
Sister Ina Marshburn. secretary and treasurer. Sister May 
Rexroad was elected president of Christian Workers meeting 
and Sister Ethel Whltaker, secretary and treasurer. Our 
Christian Workers' meeting is progressing nicely. We will 
hold a revival later in the season. Sister Lizzie R. Pugh was 
elected church correspondent and Messenger agent.— Lizzie K. 
Pugh. 722 E. Pine St., Santa Ana, Cal., Dec. 24. 

Santee.— We recently organized a Sunday school at our 
schoolhouse. and the first Sunday there were thirty-eight 
present We expect to have meetings once a month. Bro. 
G. G. Lehmer, of Los Angeles, was with us yesterday, and 
gave us two Interesting sermons. A good interest was mani- 
fested Brethren who may come to California are invited to 
visit us. We think this is one of the best places in the State 
for climate and soil. There are about six members living in 
the Valley. Pray for us that much good may be accom- 
plished. — Wm. Lingafelter, Santee, Cal., Dec. 20. 

South 1.08 Angeles.— On Sunday, Dec. 19, a Christmas pro- . 
gram was given by the Sunday school. Provisions, toys and 
clothing were brought for the poor, and arranged on the plat- 
form In the evening one was received by baptism and three 
were received by letter. — Ethel M. Church, 4219 Wadsworth, 
Los Angeles, Cat., Dec. 25. 

Tropico church met in council Dec. 18, with our elder, Bro. 
S. G. Lehmer, presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the coming year. Since our last report two letters were 
granted.— Lucinda Stutsman, Glendale. Cal.. Dec. 24. 

Washington City. — Dec. 21 a special council was held for 
the purpose of electing church and Sunday-school officers. 
Our elder, Bro. C. D. Bonsack. presided. Elders T. S. Pike and 
Uriah Blxler were also present. Four letters were received, 
two being those of our new pastor. Bro. W. D. Keller, and 
wife. Bro. C. D. Bonsack was reelected as elder for another 
year. Bro. M. C. Flohr. church clerk: Bro. J. H. Hollinger, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Harry Speelman, secre- 
tary; Sister Lula Sanger, superintendent of the home depart- 
ment; Sister W. D. Keller, president of Christian Workers; 
Sister Bertha Thomas, secretary. On Christmas morning we 
met at the church where an Interesting program was rendered 
by the children. All enjoyed the exercises, and the little folks 
are to be commended for their efforts. On Sunday, Dec. 2.6, 
a number of the members went out to the work-house, where 
services are held every eight weeks by our people. Bro. J. H. 
Hollinger had charge of the services. His strong appeals to 
these unfortunate ones will doubtless leave lasting impressions 
on their minds. — Mrs. D. E. Miller, 806 C Street, S. E., Wash- 
ington, D. C, Dec. 27. 


Payette church met In council Dec. 24, with Eld. Eby pre- 
siding. But little business came before the church, aside from 
the organization of the Sunday school and our Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. For Sunday-school superintendents the writer 
and Bro. L, Pratt were chosen. Secretary and treasurer, Bro. 
Walter Gorham. President of Christian Workers, Sister Jennie 
Bohannen; secretary and treasurer, Sister Pansy Pratt. We 
decided to lift a special offering on the first Sunday of the 
new year, to aid the Boise Mission. — S. J. Kenepp, Payette, 
Idaho. Dec 27. 

Weieej church held her love feast Dec. 3. About forty 
members communed. Eld. L. H. Eby, of Fruitland, officiated. 
Following, the feast Bro. Eby preached for us each evening 
until Dec. 23, preaching in all twenty-two sermons. One was 
baptized. Dec. 18 we held our members' meeting, to elect 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for the next 
six months. Bro. David Holl was chosen sperintendent of the 
Sunday school, and Sister Leela Loyd, president of Christian 
Workers. Bro. J. W. Rodabaugh was chosen church clerk, 
and the writer, church correspondent. Brethren Silas John- 
son, S. L. Burger and E. W. Pratt were appointed as a com- 
mittee of arrangements for district meeting. Nov. 17 Wash- 
ington County voted the saloons out by a majority of over 
400. We will soon .be free of the drink evil. — E. W. Pratt, 
Welser, Idaho, Dec. 25. 


Correction In Gospel Messenger for Dec. 25, page 828, first 

column, second note from Illinois, for " Blue River " read 
" Blue Ridge." Also for " newly-elected minister " read 
"newly-chosen elder." Bro. S. G. Nlckey is a non-resident 
elder who has lately been chosen to take the oversight of this 
congregation. — Cyrus Walllck, Mansfield, 111., Dec. 28, 

Dixon. — During our late series of meetings, which closed 
Dec. 19, conducted by our pastor, Bro. Olin F. Shaw, two were 
baptized and one reclaimed. Sister Eva Trostle, of Bethany 
Bible School, formerly engaged In mission work at this place, 
was with ue, gave instruction in sacred music and led our 
song service, which was much appreciated. Monday evening, 
Dec. 20, we met in council. A considerable amount of busi- 
ness was disposed of. Bro. John Heckman was chosen as o«r 
elder for another year. The Sunday school was reorganized. 
—Lola M. Collins, 215 Madison Avenue, Dixon, 111., Dec. 27. 

Hickory Grove. — We had an interesting Christmas program 
on Sunday, Dec. 26, in which many of our children and young 
people took part. It was listened to by a large audience. — 
Anna Fierheller, R. D. 2, Savanna, III,. Dec. 31. 

Naperville. — Bethel church closed a three weeks' series of 
meetings Dec. 19, with one conversion. Owing to Inclement 
weather the meetings were not as well attended as they 
should have been, Bro. I. C. Snavely, our pastor, did the 
preaching. We are sure his earnest efforts were appreciated. 
We met In council Dec. 20, with our elder, Bro. S. S. Blough. 

of Batavta, 111., presiding. Christian Workers' and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. Snavely 
conducted our Thanksgiving services. A collection of over 
S*0 was taken for the Bethany Bible School and the Home 
Mission Fund.— Estella B. M. Erb, R. D. 3, Naperville. Ill- 
Dec. 28. 

Oakley church met In council on Christmas Day. It being 
very cold and stormy, the members were not all present. 
Bro. J. J. Hamm was chosen superintendent of our Sunday 
school, Bro. Levi Bllckenstaff, president of our Christian 
Workers' meeting, and Sister Mabel Frantz. secretary.— 
Susie N. Nickey, Cerro Gordo, HI., Dec. 27. 
Bau^o. — Dec. 26 we closed a two weeks' series of meetings, 
which were interesting throughout. Two have accepted Christ 
and will be baptized in the near future. Bro. John Appleman 
conducted the meetings. Sister Appleman was also with us, 
a part of the time, and gave some Bible instructions that 
were very helpful.— Bertha A. Moyer, Wakarusa, Ind., Dec. 28. 
Bethel Center.— Bro. Joseph Holder, of Hagerstown, Ind., 
came to us Dec. 19 and preached eight sermons. On account 
of the Inclement weather the attendance was small. — Annie 
Rogers, R. D. 24, Matthews, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Port Wayne church met In council Dec. 31, our pastor, Eld. 
E. H. Heestand. presiding. One letter was received. We 
elected Sunday-school officers for the present year as follows: 
Bro. A. M. Eby. superintendent; Sister Carol Stover, secre- 
tary. Sister Flora Long was chosen president of the Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting. A committee of three was appointed 
by our elder, to arrange a program for the Sunday-school 
convention, to be held here In March.— George F. Bender, 2003 
Gay Street, Fort Wayne, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Muncle church met in council Dec. 30. Eld. J. E. Branson 
presiding. All business was disposed of in a Christian spirit. 
At our September council a committee was appointed, to work 
with the District Mission Board to secure a pastor for this 
place This committee is composed of Eld. J. W. Rarlck, L. 
J. Hook and the writer. They met with the Mission Board 
Dec. 30, prior to our council. The meeting was gratifying to 
both the Board and committee, as a brother and wife were 
decided upon, and the prospects for securing them are en- 
couraging. Eld. Geo. L. Studebaker and wife, of North Man- 
chester, Ind., were with us Dec. 26, both morning and even- 
ing Bro. Studebaker's discourses are always enjoyed by the 
members here. The writer was chosen as church clerk and 
correspondent. — N. J. Paul, 117 South Council St., Muncie, 
Ind., Jan, 1. 

North Manchester church met in council Dec. 2, Eld. A. L. 
Wright presiding. Bro. Wright was chosen elder for the com- 
ing year, and Bro. W. W. Barnhart, secretary. Thirteen let- 
ters were granted and thirteen received. A letter was given 
Eld. J. C. Murray, who has taken charge of the work at In- 
dianapolis. Total receipts for the year ending Dec. 2, $1,942.- 
42; total expenditures, $1,913.18. — Alice Mummert, North Man- 
chester, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Wotlce. — It is greatly desired that the churches of Northern 
Indiana will remit their quota of ten cents per member to 
the District Treasurer this year at as early a date as con- 
venient* so that the expenses incurred in caring for our An- 
nual Meeting, next June, and also for other purposes, may be 
promptly met and paid. — C. M. Wenger, District Treasurer, 
1207 Miami Street, South Bend, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Santa Pe church met in council Dec. 30, with our elder, 
Bro. D. B. Wolf, presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the next six months as follows: Bro. J. J. Fox and the 
writer, superintendents; Bro. Henry Dilman, secretary; Bro. 
Forest Hostetler, committeeman for our joint Sunday-school 
meeting. Bro. J. W. Kitson, of Syracuse, Ind., will hold a 
series of meetings beginning about Feb. 1. — John E. Miller, 
R. D. 18, Loree, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Syracuse church met In council Dec. 18, Eld. J. W. Kitson 
presiding. One letter was received. We held a two weeks' 
series of meetings, which commenced Dec. 16 and closed the 
26th. On Christmas a collection- was taken for the poor of 
the town. On. account of the stormy weather the attendance 
was small. Bro. Wike, of Huntington, was with us recently 
and preached twelve sermons.— Bettle Younce, Syracuse, Ind., 
Dec. 29. 

Tippecanoe church closed a successful series of meetings 
Dec. 19, conducted by Bro. Manly Deeter. Ten were baptized. 
Sister Deeter's help in the song service was much appreciated. 
Dec. 18 we held our communion. About fifty-five communed. 
Our council was held Dec. 25. Our trustees having died, we 
elected three brethren to fill the vacancies. We also elected 
a Messenger correspondent. Bro. I. S. Grady was elected 
Messenger agent. Our elder, Bro. Manly Deeter, was present 
and remained over Sunday, preaching both morning and even- 
ing. Our Sunday school was organized for the coming year 
on Dec. 26. — Joslah Garber, R. D. 3, Syr.acuse, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Union church met in council on Thursday, Dec. 30. There 
was much business disposed of in a Christian spirit. Sunday- 
school officers for the year are as follows: Bro. William Garl, 
superintendent; Sister Verna Burns, secretary. On Sunday, 
Dec. 26, Bro. Lafayette Steele, of Walkerton, was with, us and 
gave us an interesting and very pointed talk on the subject, 
"What Constitutes a Sunday-school Worker?" In the even- 
ing he addressed us on the subject " What Does Christmas 
Mean to Me?" In connection with this, our Sunday school 
rendered a program, after which the usual Christmas treat 
was given out. Bro. Steele's presence with us resulted in 
much good, for which we are very thankful. Our elders, S. 
F. Henricks and J. F. Appelman, were called to Plymouth 
recently, to anoint an aged brother. — A Laura Appelman, 
Plymouth, Ind- Dec. 30. 

Upper Pall Creek. — We met in council yesterday, at the 
church east of town. Bro. L. W. Teeter presided. One letter 
was granted and one was received. On account of bad weather 
not many were present and some of our business was left 
until our next council in March. Some of the elders could 
not be present. The Sunday school will continue during the 
entire year, with Bro. W. T. Pannell as superintendent. Bro. 
Pannell has been preaching for us several Sundays in Middle- 
town. We need help at that place, to build up the great work. 
We have had no series of meetings for some time. These we 
ought to have in all the churches, to build up and encourage 
the members. — Florida J. E. Green, Middletown, Ind., Dec. 2.6. 

Yellow B,iver church closed a two weeks' series of meetings 
last evening, conducted by Bro. J. H. Bright, of Bethany 
Bible School, Chicago, 111. A short Bible lesson was given 
each evening before preaching services. Because of the cold 
weather, the attendance was not large. There were no acces- 
sions, but we feel that, through Bro. Brlghfs teaching, many 
lasting Impressions were made. At our last council Bro. Chas. 
Sellers was chosen president of Christian Workers' meeting, 
and Bro. Herbert Craig, Sunday-school superintendent. Our 
Sunday school and Christian Workers' meeting continue all 
year and with a fair attendance much interest is being mani- 
fested. — Rosa Shively, Bremen, Ind., Dec. 27. 


Des Moines City Mission held Christmas exercises for the 
children on Sunday evening, Dec. 26. The children did their 
part well, and Sisters Nellie Crowe and Naomi Shaw deserve 
due credit for their efforts in training the children for the 
occasion. On this occasion our house proved too small for 
the audience that had come to enjoy the exercises, and a 
number were unable to get In. A little treat of candy and 
nuts was given to each boy and girl belonging to our school. 
There was no Christmas tree and no " Santa Claus," but each 
child went home happy. — A. C. Snowberger, Des Moines, Iowa, 
Dec. 28. 

Greene church met in special council Dec. 18, with Eld. 
Hood presiding. Officers were elected as follows: Bro. Lu- 
ther Myers, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Mary Mey- 
ers, secretary; Sister Maggie Shook, president .of Christian 
Workers' meeting. The following Sunday a collection of $7.89 
was taken to help in preparing a Christmas dinner for the 
poor children in St. Joseph, Mo. Our Christmas program was 
well attended. The electric lights, recently installed, will be 
a great help in our work, especially in our Bible study, now in 
progress. — Lydia A. Wyatt, Greene, Iowa, Dec. 29. 

Mt. Etna church met in council Dec. 25, with Bro. J. D. 
Brower presiding. Church officers were elected for the com- 
ing year. Sister Cora Simpson was elected church clerk and 
Sister Lulu Johnston, corresponding secretary. One was re- 
ceived by letter. Bro. Cloyd Simpson was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent for six months. Bro. A. C. Brubaker, 
of Kansas City, Mo., began a series of meetings for us yes- 
terday. — Fannie Brower. Mt. Etna. Iowa. Dec. 27. 


Monitor church met in council Dec. 27, Bro. J. J. Toder 
presiding. He was again chosen for the coming year. All 
officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. I. D. 
Toder, secretary; Bro. W. H. Toder. president of Christian 
Workers' meeting, and Bro. I. W. Mishler. superintendent of 
the Sundav school. Our love feast will be May 7. Bro. H. 
M. Brubaker was advanced to the second degree of the min- 
istry. — Emma T. Stutzman, Conway, Kans.. Dec. 28. 

Navarre.— Dec. 11 Bro. G. W. Lentz, of Warrensburg. Mo., 
came to the Abilene church, and the same evening began 
preaching in the Navarre house. He preached twenty ser- 
mons and conducted a number of. Bible classes. Four young 
people were baptized. The meetings grew in Interest, and 
closed with a full house. Jan. 2, Bro. H. T. Brubaker, of 
Sterling. Kans., will begin meetings In the Holland house. 
Our regular correspondent has moved to Missouri. Four 
other members have also moved from here recently. — Benj. 
Forney, Navarre, Kans., Dec. 26. 

ParsonB church met In' council Dec. 16, our elder, Bro. N. 
E. Baker, presiding. One letter was received and three let- 
ters were granted. All business passed off In a pleasant 
manner. Officers for the Sunday school for the ensuing year 
are as follows: Bro. W. H. Franklin, superintendent; Slster 
Ethel Baker, secretary and treasurer. For Christian Work- 
ers' meeting: Bro. J. A. Campbell, president; Sister Ruth 
Baker, secretary and treasurer. The writer was chosen Mes- 
senger agent and church correspondent. Bro. Baker was 
with us for two weeks, conducting a singing class, which 
will be a benefit to the ohurch and Sunday-school work. — 
Lena Wall, 211 S. Twenty-seventh Street, Parsons, Kans., 
Dec. 25. 

Sabetha. — Eld. Moses Deardorff. of Tale. Iowa, commenced 
a series of meetings at this place Dec. 5, continuing until 
-Dec. 26. There were no accessions, but the seed was Sown 
and ma'v produce a harvest later. At our council. Dec. 14, 
Bro M C. Kreitzer was elected Sunday-school superintendent, 
and Sister Beula Kreitzer, secretary. Our love feast was held 
Dec. 18, but. because of the inclement weather, was not very 
largely attended. — Norman R. Flke, Sabetha, Kans., Dec. 27. 

Uoanoke church Dec. 23, at 3:30 F. M. for public serv- 
ices. After services an election was held for a minister. 
The lot fell on Bro. J. B. Firestone, who, with his wife, was 
duly installed. At night about fifty members surrounded the 
Lord's table. It was a spiritual feast indeed. This closed 
our series of meetings. While there were no accessions to 
the church, we feel sure that some are counting the cost, and 
are almost persuaded. The members were spiritually strength- 
ened. Bro. S. A. Honberger left for Texas, where he expects 
to labor for awhile, and then return to Louisiana to spend 
the winter. — J. I. Miller, Roanoke, La., Dec. 25. 

Meadow Branch church' will hold her next love feast May 
14, at 2 P. M. In our last report an error was made in say- 
ing Bro. Frank Garver, instead of Bro. Frank Garner, with 
Bro. D. S. Petry was chosen as Sunday-school superintendent 
at the Meadow Branch church for the coming year. — W. E. 
Roop. Westminster, Md., Dec. 26. 


Chippewa Creek. — Bro. Charles H. Deardorff, of Copemish, 
Mich., began a series of meetings at this place Dec. 14 and 
continued until the evening of the 28th. Bad weather, sick- 
ness etc, were a hindrance to the meetings. One sister was 
baptized.— Laura R. Kepner, R. D. 1, Rodney, Mich., Dec. 29, 

Riverside church met in council Dec. 25, our elder. Bro. C. 
L. Wiiklns, presiding. Church officers were elected 'for the 
coming year. Bro. Harvey Good was elected foreman and Sis- 
ter Emma Doore, clerk. The writer was chosen church corre- 
spondent and Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Wm. Polling- 
ton, member of Christian Workers' society, and Bro. Frank 
Good Messenger agent. Our Sunday school continued 
throughout the entire year 1909. "We missed only one Sunday, 
on -account of quarantine. The school had present, during the 
year, 230 officers, 224 teachers, 775 adult scholars. 973 inter- 
mediate scholars and 590 primary scholars, making a total of 
2 452 Three were reoelved Into the church from the Sunday 
school. We use all of the Brethren's literature. — E.-B. Wel- 
rich, McBain, Mich., Dec. 27. 

Thornapple church has just closed a ten days' Bible Insti- 
tute conducted by Eld. J. E. Ulery, who began his labors at 
this' place Dec. 19. There were studies In Matthew and Acts 
each day; also evening discourses on the Ten Commandments. 
Eld. Ulery very earnestly presented the need of consecrated 
workers. One voung man awaits the rite of haptlsm. Four 
letters were received recently, making a total membership of 
103. — Grace E. Messner, Lake Odessa, Mich., Dec. 31. 


Aurora.— Dec. 19 we met at the home of Bro. Thomas Fort- 
ner, to organize a Sunday school. Sister Peebler and Bro. 
Fortner were chosen superintendents, and Sister LilMe Fort- 
Tier, secretary. There were twenty-one present. We have 
permission to use the city hall for our services next Sunday. 
Any ministering brethren passing through are Invited to stop 
and hold meetings for us. We desire the prayers of the mem- 
bers that we may be successful in establishing the Lords 
work here. — A. J. Peebler, Aurora, Mo., Dec. 28. 

Cahool church met In council today, the meeting being post- 
poned from Christmas Day. In the absence of our presiding 
elder Bro. I. L. Harris presided. Brethren David Neher -and 
A. J Green were elected to the ministry, and, with Bro. 
Neher's wife, duly installed. Testerday, after services, a 
husband and wife applied for baptism, and immediately we 
proceeeded to the water, where they received the rite.— Ed»a 
Garst, Cabool, Mo., Dec. 27. 


Lincoln church held her Christmas exercises on Sunday. 
The program consisted of songs and recitations by the chil- 
dren and essays by the older ones. In the evening we had 
a good sermon by our pastor. Bro. S. E. Thomas.— Caroline 
Brown, 1125 N. Twenty-third Street, Lincoln, Nebr., Dec. 30. 

Omaha.- On Thursday night before Christmas we had a 
program by the children, appropriate to the occasion. The 
attendance was large. On Friday evening we had Sunday- 
school exercises for the colored people. After the children 
did their part, Rev. Stewart (colored) spoke to us, using for 
his text Matt 1: 21. He has been attending the colored Sun- 
day school, and seems to be quite Interested in our work. 
On Christmas Day a message came for us, to call on an aged 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


sister. Brother and Sister "Weaver and myself went to see 
her. She was in a pitiable condition, being a nervous wreck. 
unable to talk to us, though she understood all we said. W<t 
spent a pleasant and, we trust, a profitable evening; with her 
and her son. They live over a mile from the Mission. It 
has been nine months since the Mission was opened, and we 
did not know of her. Again I appeal to you, readers, if you 
have friends here to write me, so that I may look them up. 
No doubt there are others, here in the city, who would be glad 
to know about the Mission. We are eagerly looking forward 
for our Bible school and revival, to begin Jan. 12. — Alice Gar- 
ber, 2528 Lake Street, Omaha, Nebr., Dec. 27, 

Hew Mexico church met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. Ennis 
in charge. Owing to the cold weather the attendance was 
not large. Our Sunday school Is made up largely of small 
scholars. On account of poor health, Sister Minna Roades, 
our correspondent, is at the sanitarium. "We greatly need her 
help. A number of our members have gone to other fields of 
labor. Our house-to-house calls are not very encouraging 
since so many of our number are gone. "We need your 
prayers in our behalf. Many are poor people and there Is 
much sickness. Sister Anderson asked for a meeting on 
Christmas, so Brother and Sister Ennls and the writer went 
ten miles to her home and had a good meeting. — Mary Haw- 
baker, Clovls, N. Mex., Dec. 27. 


Cando.-— Sunday morning, Dec. 26, our Sunday school ren- 
dered a very interesting Christmas program. Instead of 
giving our children a Christmas treat, we asked them to 
bring an offering of money, to be used for the poor children 
at the Hastings Street church, Chicago. "We received S9. 
On New Year's Eve we are to have a special prayer meeting 
in behalf of the work In Cando and also for the whole church. 
—Mary L. Miller, Cando, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Pleasant Valley. — Bro. Wm. Tigner, of "Washington, was 
with us on Christmas Day and delivered an interesting ser- 
mon at the Hill house. He also preached at both houses on 
the following Sunday. Both Sunday schools are in a pros- 
perous condition. Bro. Samuel Blocher will be superintend- 
ent at the Hill church for the coming year, and Bro. J. K. 
Watson at York. — Bertha B. Allan, York, N. Dak., Dec. 27. 

Surrey. — Bro. J. M. Myers, of Minot, preached a Christmas 
Sermon for us today. A treat was given to the Sunday-school 
children. Our school continues throughout the year. Bro. 
Dresher Is superintendent. We chose our teachers today for 
the coming year. Thursday we met in council. A consider- 
able amount of business was disposed of. Bro. Dresher was 
reelected superintendent of the Sunday school, and Sister 
Belva Hewitt, secretary. Bro. Landis, of Willlston, was 
chosen as our elder for the coming year. Two weeks ago 
Bro. George Buntain, of Wenatchee, Wash., preached two 
sermons for us. The Brethren also have services in Minot 
every Sunday. — Lydia Frantz, Minot, N. Dak., Dec. 26. 

White Bock. — An all-day service was conducted at our 
churchhouse today. Sunday school convened at 11 A. M., 
after which Eld. J. E. Joseph gave us an able discourse on 
"Christmas." We then had dinner at the church, and at 
2:30 met to discuss a few live local Sunday-school problems. 
The speakers handled their topics well, and the general dis- 
cussion, after each topic, showed that there is much enthusi- 
asm in the Sunday-school work among us. May we make 
good use of the thoughts given us! An offering of $4.72 was 
given today, which will be sent to Bro. Geo. W. Hilton and 
family, our missionaries in China, as a Christmas present for 
their personal use. We also decided to apply next Sunday's 
Sunday-school offering to the same cause. At 7 P. M. the 
writer preached on "Christmas," using John 3: 16 as a text. 
—Joseph D. Relsh. Denbigh, N. Dak., Dec. 26. 


Bear Creek congregation met In council recently, with Eld. 
J. W. Ely presiding. Bro. D. M. Garver was with us. Bro. 
Frank Blessing was elected Sunday-school superintendent for 
the coming year. — Elizabeth Klepinger, R. D. 14, Dayton, 
Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Bellefontaine church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. B. F. 
Snyder presiding. Bro. Snjtder was chosen as our elder for 
another year. Bro. Mahlon Maugans was elected trustee for 
three years, Bro. Noah Neher was chosen Messenger agent 
and correspondent. Three letters were granted. Sister Bessie 
M. Kaylor was reelected Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. 
Charlie Crim, president of Christian Workers' meeting, and 
Bro. L. E. Kauffman, leader of teachers' meeting. Eld. D. I. 
Filbrun, of Dayton, Ohio, will begin a series of meetings at 
this place Feb. 6. — Louella Swank, R. D. 1, Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
Dec. 31. 

County Line. — We have recently closed a series of meetings, 
conducted fay Bro. J. W. Barnett, of Bethany Bifale School, 
Chicago. The meetings began Nov. 2S. There were twenty- 
eight regular sermons preached, one for the children, and 
four examination sermons, making thirty-three in all. The 
interest was good, but, on account of the unfavorable condi- 
tion of the weather, the attendance was not large. Fifteen 
were baptized and the church in general was strengthened. 
Our prayers go with Bro. Barnett as he goes to other fields 
of labor. — A. M. Baiter, R. D. 1, Lafayette, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Donnels Creek church met in council Dec. 23, at the New 
Carlisle house, with our elder, Bro. J. E. Barnhart, presiding. 
Much business was disposed of. One letter was granted. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. Bro. 
Ezra Frantz was elected superintendent of the New Carlisle 
Sunday school, and Bro. Cyrus Funderfaurg superintendent of 
the Sunday school at the country house. Christmas services 
were held at both churches on Christmas Day. At our Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting at the country house, on the evening 
of Dec 26, we reorganized, with Bro. Irvin Leatherman as 
president.— Elsie Winget, R. R. 1, Box 173, Springfield, Ohio, 
Dec. 27. 

Greenville. — Bro. I. G. Blocher, of this place, called for the 
elders and was anointed Dec. 19. The day following he un- 
derwent a serious operation at his home. He Is now improv- 
ing and doing as well as could be expected. He desires the 
prayers of the members in his behalf. — Sister I. G. Blocher, 
Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Little St. Joe. — We recently closed an Interesting series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. G. A. Snider, of Lima, Ohio. The 
attendance was good, considering the inclement weather. Two 
Sunday-school scholars accepted Christ, and many more are 
near. Bro. Snider preached twenty sermons. The meetings 
began Dec. 5 and closed the 21st. — Mellie Kyser, R- D. 4, Ant- 
werp, Ohio. Dec. 28. 

Lower Stillwater. — Our series of meetings at Ft. McKInley, 
began Dec. 7 and closed Dec. 23. Bro. A. P. Snader, of Mary- 
land, who assisted in the meetings, preached nineteen ser- 
mons. The weather, much of the time, was unfavorable and 
the attendance not what It should have been. All felt that 
the meetings closed too soon. Three were baptized. Bro. 
Fadely, of Maryland, will begin a series of meetings at Happy 
Corner, Jan. 8. — A. L. Kleplnger, Dayton, Ohio. Dec. 27. 

Middle District church met in council Thursday, Dec. 16. 
at 9 A. M. Eld. Jacob Coppock presided. Bro. John P. Miller 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. Chas. Flory, 
of Union, Ohio, will begin our series of meetings Jan. 9. We 
will have special council Jan. 22. Bro. Claude V. Coppock 
was chosen church correspondent for one year. — Jos. H. 
Stark, R. D. 1, Box 79, Tadmor, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Mohican church met in council Dec, 21, with Bro. James 
Murray presiding. One lcicer was received and three letters 
were granted. After some adjustments were made, six more 

were granted. Solicitors were appointed to secure funds for 
the Akron Mission Home. Bro. J. A. Souder was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent. Our church debt has been 
paid and 599 has been raised for repairing the church. We 
reroofed one side and are now painting and varnishing the 
audience room. It will be ready for services In a few weeks. 
— Lena Leaman. R. D. 5. West Salem. Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Palestine. — Bro. J. C. Bright began a series of meetings at 
tills place Dec. 6, closing Dec. 22. He labored earnestly while 
with us, encouraging us In the work at -this place. There 
were no accessions, yet we feel that much good has been done. 
At a special council, Dec. 23, Bro. John Hollinger was elected 
to the deacon's office and duly Installed. Brethren Ira Baker 
and John Hollinger have been elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendents for the next six months. — Grace Baker, R. D. 3, 
Greenville, Ohio. Dec. 28. 

Poplar Grove (Ohio), — Bro. J. O. Garst came to this place 
Dec. 11 and labored until Dec. 26. He preached twenty ser- 
mons. Three were baptized and two await baptism. The 
members were built up spiritually. — W. F. Dickey, R. D. 40, 
Union City, Ind., Dec. 28. 


Mound Valley congregation met in council Dec. 25. Two 
letters were granted. Bro. Harvey Snowberger was chosen 
Sunday-school superintendent for the next six months. Eld. 
E. J. Smith has resigned the eldership of tills congregation 
and Eld. J. Appleman has been chosen as elder for one year. 
—Elsie K. Sanger, Thomas, Okla., Dec. 28. 

Mt. Hope congregation met In council Dec. 25. Sunday- 
school officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. J. 
D. Howell, superintendent, and Bro. S. H. Carrier, secretary. 
We will meet on New Year's Day for special prayer in behalf 
of the success of the church durtag the coming year. We 
need more workers here. One of our deacons and his family 
moved to Montana recently. — H. H. Rlttcr, R, D. 4, Crescent, 
Okla., Dec. 27. 

Pleasant Plains congregation 1 met in council Dec. 18, with 
our elder, Bro. H. Booze, presiding. Bro. Isaac Miller was 
elected as elder for the coming year. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were also elected for the coming year. Bro. 
Louis Booze was chosen superintendent, Sister Mary Prentiss, 
GoSpel Messenger agent, and the writer chnreh correspondent. 
Our series of meetings will be some time in February, con- 
ducted by Bro. A. J. Smith. It was decided to organize a 
sisters' mission band, which will be done by the first of the 
year. We sent a box of clothing to the Kansas City, Kans., 
Mission last week. Brethren, thinking of changing locations, 
would be gladly welcomed among us. The Agricultural Col- 
lege for the Fifth District of Oklahoma has been located 
at Helena, which will afford excellent school facilities. Any 
one wishing Information may address the writer. Please 
enclose stamp. — Viola A. Blanton. R. D. 3, Box I, Helena, 
Okla., Dec. 20. 

Prairie Lake. — Dec. 26 wife and I filled the monthly ap- 
pointment at the West Creek sehoolhouse, where we spoke to 
an attentive audience at 11 A. M. In the afternoon we re- 
turned to the new churchhouse! where wo now have preach- 
ing each Sunday evening, and enjoyed a meeting at which 
the attendance was the largest we have yet had. Bro. A. J. 
Smith's two weeks' series of meetings was not largely at- 
tended, on account of bad weather, yet the meetings were a 
great help to us and the Interest is greatly Increasing. We 
desire to build up a large congregation here and will gladly 
communicate with any one addressing the writer for informa- 
tion, especially ministers wishing to change locations. Our 
congregation will be without a minister after Aug. 1, unions 
some one can be secured. We have more calls for preaching 
than we can fill, but are doing the best we can to keep up our 
four regular appointments. — J. C. Nlninger, Waynoka, Okla., 
Dec. 27. 

Stillwater congregation met Dec. 22 for love feast services. 
There were no visiting members present. Eighteen members 
surrounded the tables, and we had one of the best feasts we 
ever attended. A number of outsiders were present. Eld. 
D. E. Cripe officiated. It was the first love feast ever held In 
this town and some of our brethren and sisters had not been 
to one for several years. We should be glad to have brethren 
locate among us. — J. H. Cox, 222 Duck Street, Stillwater, 
Okla., Dec. 24. 

Back Creek. — -Our series of meetings Is now in progress at 
the Shank church. Bro. C. H. Steerman is doing the preach- 
ing Three of our Sunday-school scholars await baptism. 
These confessed Christ at the Cedar Grove Mennonite church, 
near here, at a meeting conducted by Rev. Moserman, of 
Lancaster City, Fa. — Frances Letter, Mllnor, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Johnstown church met In council Dec. 30, with Eld. David 
Htldebrand presiding. Church officers were elected for the 
year One letter of membership was received. Brethren S. 
W. Pearce and John Mills were chosen to represent the 
church at district meeting. We have decided to call more 
help to the church In the near future, such as ministers and 
deacons. Our Sunday school and Christian Workers' meet- 
ing have been reorganized for the year. Bro. James Fyock 
was elected superintendent of the Sunday school, and Bro. 
V. E. Mineely, president of the Christian Workers' meeting. 
Our Christmas exercises were held on Sunday evening. Dec. 
26. Bro. J. H. Cassady addressed us. — Ada M. Beeghly, Home- 
stead Avenue, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Little Swataro. — Eld. Jacob Longanecker came to us Dec. 
12 and began a series of meetings at the Light meetinghouse, 
' continuing one week. The second week he labored at Meyers' 
meetinghouse, closing on the 28th. The weather was unfav- 
orable for the meetings. Our council was held Dec. 13, Eld. 
E M Wenger presiding. The Sunday-school officers were all 
reelected for all the schools except at Merkey's, where Bro. 
C R. Boeshore was chosen superintendent. Several leters of 
membership were granted. Bro. Longanecker was present 
and gave some helpful suggestions. A series of meetings 
will begin at the Frystown house Jan. 8. Bro. Thomas Pat- 
rick will conduct the same.— Henry M. Fraiitz. Frystown, Pa., 
Dec. 28. 

Manheim. — Our series of meetings in the Manheim house 
began Dec. 11 and closed the 26th. Bro. Thomas Patrick, of 
Penbrook, Pa, preached each evening; also on Sunday morning 
and on Christmas morning. Two have applied for member- 
ship. The meetings were enjoyed by all. — Anna E. Shank, 
Manheim, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Midway church met in council Dec. 27. Our elder, Bro. 
John Herr, being sick, Eld. Wm. H. Oberholtzer, of an adjoin- 
ing congregation, presided. Considerable business was dis- 
posed of. Three letters were granted and two received. Bro. 
E P Trimmer was elected superintendent of Lebanon Sunday 
school for next year, and the writer elected superintendent of 
the Midway school. Eleven applications for membership were 
favorably acted upon. Bro. Wm. A. Forry, one of our dea- 
cons having lately married; his wife was duly received Into 
her new relationship by the church.— A. H. Brubacher, R. D. 
7, Lebanon, Pa., Dec 27. 

Mingo church met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. Jesse Zlegler 
presiding Four letters were granted. The same evening 
Bro Geo S. Ralrlgh. of Denton, Md., commenced a two weeks' 
series of meetings at this house. Good interest was mani- 
fested throughout. Three were baptized after services on 
Sunday, Dec. 19.— Harry H, Ziegler, R. D. 1. Royersford, Pa„ 
Dec. 25. 

Ridge.— The series of meetings, conducted by Bro. W. H. 
Miller of Hanover, Pa., began Dec. 7 and closed the 19th. 
The weather was not favorable, yet the interest was good 
throughout and the church greatly benefited. Bro. Miller 

labored earnestly and we trust that God will bless his la- 
bors for good. — Joseph Burkhart, Shippensburg, Pa., Dec. 27. 

TJpper Cumberland. — Dec. 19 Bro. Stearman, of Mason and 
Dixon, closed a two weeks' series of meetings at Green 
Spring. The Interest was good and three were baptized. On 
the morning of Dec. 12, an Interesting temperance rally pro- 
gram was rendered at Green Spring, Since our last report 
one sister was baptized at Huntsdale. Our council will be 
held at Huntsdale Jan. 15.— A. A. Evans, R. D. 8, Carlisle, Pa., 
Dec. 27. 

York. — Our elder, Jos. A. Long, just closed a two weeks' 
series of meetings at the First Church of the Brethren, 
Belvldere Avenue and King Street. The series of sermons 
was very Interesting throughout. Three were received by 
baptism. — A. S, Hershey, York, Pa., Dec 22, 

Croweon. — The new church building at this place is almost 
completed. We will begin a series of meetings in the new bouse 
Jan. 16. Bro. Stutsman, a minister from Michigan, will locate 
among us In time to assist in the meetings. We would be 
glad for other ministerial help also. The new house will be 
dedicated in the near future, the date not yet being set. We 
have an Interesting Sunday school and will continue it during 
the entire year. Several families of members have located 
among us during the past year, and now that our house is 
almost completed, the members are greatly encouraged. — 
Mary L. R. Davis, R. D. 1, Dunn. Tenn.. Dec. 24. 


Beaver Crook church met in council Dec. 25, with Eld. U. R. 
Boothe presiding. Only a small amount of business came 
before the meeting. Bro. Buel B. Prltchett, of Tennessee, 
was with us, and gave an Interesting talk. On Saturday 
ovening Bro. G. O. Reed preached for us. On Sunday morning 
Bro. Prltchott preached, which was followed by a talk by Bro. 
E. M. Reed, of Nebraska. — Sarah Reed, Dulany, Va,, Dec. 29. 

Copper Hill. — -Bro. C. E. Eller came to us, at Botomn 
Creek, Dec. 11, and began a series of meetings, which closed 
Dec. 19. We had fifteen sermons. The attendance and in- 
terest were good throughout. Nineteen were baptized and 
four reclaimed. Six are yet awaiting baptism. We feel much 
encouraged. — Lelia B. Shaver, Bent Mountain. Va., Dec. 27. 

E. Ml oak Grove. — We met for services on Christmas Day. 
Bro. Asa Bowman preached for us. The attendance was 
small, on account of sickness and Inclement weather. We 
closed our Sunday school on Christmas, to open again next 
April, Wo will have a Bible class each second Sunday morn- 
ing before preaching. — Ella Bowman, R. D. 5, Box 44, Floyd, 
Vil, Dec 28. 

Roanoke City church met In council Dec. 10. Eld. P. S. 
Miller presided. Considerable business came before the 
church. The finance committee presented a plan by which 
to raise money to meet the current expenses of the church, 
which was unanimously adopted. It was decided that we ask 
Bro, Moherman, of Bridgewater College, to hold a series of 
meetings for us In 1910 and at such time as may be conven- 
ient to him. Tho Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
ensuing year, with Bro. II. Allen Hoover, superintendent. 
The school Is prosperous, with tho largest attendance In lis 
history. — Homer E. Trout, Vinton, Va., Doc. 27. 


Chestnut Grove.— Our Sunday-school meeting was held Dec. 
19. Tho program consisted of talks, recitations and music. 
After tho close of tho exercises, the school was presented 
with books and candy. It was enjoyed by all present. — Anna 
P. Sanger, Bays, W. Va., Dec. 24. 

Dalovillfl.— The writer Is now with the Brethren In Fayette 
County, W. Va., conducting a Bible school. The attendance is 
good though the weather has boon very unfavorcble. — D. N, 
Eller, Braggvllle, W. Va., Dec. 28, 


" Write what thou seoflt, and send It onto the cburchas." 


Our district Sunday-school meeting was held in the 
Dry Fork church, near Jasper, Mo., Dec. 26. The open- 
ing exercises were conducted by Bro. Teeter, after which 
the regular Sunday-school session was held. The fol- 
lowing organization was effected: Bro. W. A. Duncan, 
moderator; Sister Mary Wine, secretary. A number of 
schools in the District were represented, but only two 
reports were read. The topics were discussed in regular 
order and able speeches were made on the various sub- 
jects. It was unanimously agreed that the Bible should 
be first, and the quarterly should only be used as a help 
in preparing the lesson. 

It was urged that the Gospel of Jesus Christ can only 
be taught by those who have felt its uplifting power. We 
cannot teach what we do not practice, and yet it was 
found to be necessary, at times, to have non-professors 
as teachers. 

Several good readings and recitations were given by 
the Sunday-school scholars, after which the Round Ta- 
ble was ably conducted by Sister Clara Miller, our Dis- 
trict Secretary. 

The spirit of the meeting was good, but it was unfor- 
tunate that a number of the members had to leave during 
the session. How much better it would be if, when we 
enter upon the Lord's work, we could so arrange our 
temporal affairs as to suit the conditions, and not leave 
the Lord's interests unfinished. 

The next convention in this District will be held at 
Nevada, Mo., on Easter Sunday. Mary Wine. 

Nevada, Mo., Dec. 27. 


We met in council on Wednesday evening, Dec. 22, 
with our elder, Bro. Jacob Coppock, presiding. One let- 
ter was read, that of Sister Jennie Stephens, of Portland, 
Oregon, who aided much in the growth of the church 
at Portland, and who will be a prominent worker for us. 
A sisters' aid society was organized, with Sister Stephens 
as president. A series of meetings will be held about the 
middle of January, to be conducted by our elder and 
assisted by the writer. 

On Christmas eve the Sunday school rendered an ap- 
propriate program in memory of the birth of our Savior, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 

after which a treat was given. Our church and Sunday 
school has been in progress only four months. The av- 
erage attendance of the Sunday school was thirty-eight, 
and the average collection, $1.21, while we have an 
enrollment of fifty-eight. Much has been planned for the 
new year, and with our sisters' aid society we hope to 
increase materially, not only the Sunday school, but also 
the church attendance. 

We have much to be thankful and hopeful for, with 
preaching services each Sunday morning and evening, 
and prayer meeting and teachers' meeting each Wednes- 
day evening. 

Troy is located in the heart of the beautiful Miami 
Valley, with traction facilities from all points. A cordial 
invitation is extended to visitors and to the ministering 
brethren, to visit us. Members, contemplating a change, 
will do well to address the writer, who will gladly give 
needed information. Oran S. Yount. 

Troy, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

three missions, besides her home work, without any fi- 
nancial help from any other source. It is a great work, 
appreciated by the working forces of the church, and by 
some who are not members of the church. Other new 
fields will now be sought for the practice of the daily, 
diligent disciples of the Lord. It is a blessed thing to 
have trained workers right at the door of the greatest 
needs. This large city has work for every Bible student 
that is now here, or may yet come. O for more and more 
consecrated members, who are willing to search the 
Scriptures daily, to be ready for the Master's world-wide 
field. M. M. Eshelman. 

3207 Manitou Avenue. 


On Christmas eve our Sunday school rendered a well- 
prepared program at the Central Avenue church, which 
was followed by a treat for each child. On Christmas 
morning we met at the Mission church. After a season 
of worship we distributed a large number of well-filled 
baskets to the homes of the worthy poor. We also had 
prayer services in each home visited. If those who have 
come to our aid and made it possible for us to take these 
baskets to the homes, could have seen the joy it brought 
to barefooted children and widowed mothers, they would 
feel amply repaid. One sister who visited one of these 
homes said she felt like taking some of her own cloth- 
ing and giving it to them. A Christmas basket answers 
a better purpose than a public dinner. Many go to the 
dinner who do not need it, and many are so destitute that 
they cannot go. 

Here, in our city, children not old enough to go to 
school are barefooted, with nothing on their heads, and 
but little clothing. In two days we gave aid to fifteen 
widows and children. For five weeks we have had the 
coldest weather on record here, at this time of the year. 
Many who never received help are now in need for the 
reason that all outdoor work is closed up. We are re- 
ceiving more calls for coal, eatables and clothing than 
ever before in the history of our work in this city. One 
home was visited where the mother, who is a widow, has 
been out of work for some time, and they were living on 
nothing but parched corn. Many have nothing but dry 
bread to eat. Brethren, when in your country home you 
have eaten your meal, and are sitting at ease near a 
warm fire, read Matt. 25: 31-46. I. H. Crist. 

14 N. Ferree Street, Kansas City, Kans., Dec. 27. 


Eld. George W. Bowser, born in Hamilton County, 
Ind., April 7, 1832, died at his home near Arcadia, Ind., 
Dec. 23, 1909, aged 77 years, 8 months and 16 days. He 
was twice married, his first marriage being to Susanna 
Miller, June 15, 1854. To this union were born ten chil- 
dren, — four sons and six daughters. Dec. 6, 1877, his 
companion was called away. Oct. 12, 1879, he was" mar- 
ried to Catharine Bowser, with whom he lived until his 
death. April 8, 1855, he united with the Church of the 
Brethren and continued a faithful member to the last. 
He was a reguluar attendant at church, unless hindered 
by sickness. In 1856 he was elected to the office of dea- 
con and soon after was called to the ministry. In 1882 
he was ordained to the eldership. Bro. Bowser was a 
firm believer of the Bible and earnestly contended for 
the keeping of the commands. A short time before he 
died he called for the elders and was anointed. His aged 
companion and eight children, besides many relatives, 
survive. Two children preceded him. Mary Martin. 

Box 301, Arcadia, Ind., Dec. 27. 


Being church correspondent, none of your readers shall 
find East Los Angeles church in my articles. There is 
no East Los Angeles church. Los Angeles church is 
the parent church of South Los Angeles and Pasadena, 
She has never been on the indifferent list. Ever since 
her beginnings she has been aggressive, earnest, positive, 
persevering. Her trials have been equally valuable. 

During the first year of the Berean Bible School, some 
pupils were sent into Boyle Heights to reconnoiter work 
for the Master. An opening was found on Record Street. 
A tent was secured and a Sunday school begun. A few 
Bereans were detailed to take charge and in a short time 
forty-nine pupils were enrolled. The rains coming, the 
tent became unfit for use. The church then ordered a 
house built, and this structure was dedicated by song, 
prayer, and a sermon by Eld. D. W. Crist, on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 19. Brethren Hiram Smith, John H. Getz, 
and Sisters Esther LaFollette and Rhea Lehmer, and 
others, have been very persevering in working from house 
to house and in the Sunday school. The Mission is un- 
der the immediate care of Bro. Hiram Smith. Bro. D. 
W. Crist is now in the midst of a series of meetings in 
this new field. . The Los Angeles church now supports 

Platt-AndreBen.— By the undersigned at the home of the 
bride, near Covins, Cal., Dec. 22, 1909. Bro. C. Roy Piatt and 
Sister Marjha Andresen. W. M. Piatt. 

Stouders-Freed. — Nov. 27, 1009, by the undersigned, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Ira S. Stouders, of Wakarusa, 
Ind.. and Catherine A. Freed, of Wakarusa, Ind. 

Wm. H. Shidler. 



Another Christmas Day, with its joy, peace and good 
will to all men has come and gone. We have felt its 
presence in the city, and in our work. 

On the Sunday morning following Christmas Day we 
met at the regular hour for Sunday school. Not all of 
the children were in attendance, because of the very 
cold weather and the excessive snow. Just before dis- 
missing the school, each child was presented with a small 
bag of fruit and nuts. Then followed our regular preach- 
ing services, conducted by our pastor. 

In the evening, during quite a heavy snowfall, a pro- 
gram, in keeping with the true Christmas spirit, was ren- 
dered by the Sunday-school children, in which nearly all 
of them took an active part. The children feel that, since 
they are a part of the Sunday school, they want to help 
push the work along. Indeed, they have a part to per- 
form in the Sunday-school work that we older ones can- 
not do. God bless the dear little ones! 

At the close- of the program a few gifts were presented 
to the children for a good yearly attendance. The sin- 
gular thing about this was that the gifts (four in number) 
all went into one home, the youngest child being five 
years old and the eldest fourteen. Then, too, these chil- 
dren live almost five blocks from the church. 

The lesson taught by the above record is very much 
like the one drawn from the Wise Men of the East, in 
their effort to find the Infant Jesus in Bethlehem, — 
"They wanted to find the babe, and succeeded in their 

Our new churchhouse, just dedicated two years ago, 
is filled almost to overflowing, and especially so, at times 
like Christmas, etc. We certainly are pleased to have it 
that way. 

As another new year opens up life's pages to us, we 
pray for grace and wisdom to perform our duties to the 
glory of God. And as a help to do more and better work 
in the new year, we are planning for a series of meetings 
to begin sometime after the middle of January, or, per- 
haps, the first of February. Bro. Wm. Eisenbise, of Mt. 
Carroll, will be with us. Mina H: Bossennan. 

1015 So. Winnebago St., Rockford, 111., Dec. 28. 


Dalevllle College, Daleville, "Virginia, will hold a special 
Bible Term, to commence on Monday, Jan. 24, and to close 
on Sunday, Feb. 6. 

Sally Program. 

9:35, Chapel Exercises. 

9:50, Gospel of Matthew. — Eld. J. Kurtz Miller. 

10:30, The Church.— Eld. P. S. Miller. 

11:10. Gospel of Matthew or John.— Eld. J. Kurtz Miller. 

11:60, Special Lectures and Discussions on the Following 
Subjects: The Holy Spirit, His Mission and Power. — Prof. D. 
N. Eller. How We Should Study the Bible. — Prof. J. M. Henry. 
The Necessity of a United Effort in the Present Temperance 
Movement. — Elder J. A. Dove. The Outlook for the Church 
of the Brethren. — Elder C. D. Hylton. Paul an Author. — 
Prof. J. C. Flora. The Value of Christian Character. — 
Emory C. Crumpacker. The Importance of Prayer. — D. Price 
Hylton. 1 Corinthians 13. — Prof. J. W. Ikenberry. 

7: 30 P. M„ Evangelistic Service. — Eld. J. Kurtz Miller. 
announ oem ents. 

The Daily Program offers an Interesting and profitable line 
of work. Besides these classes, the regular Bible work of the 
school will be accessible to all in attendance. Old Testament 
History and Homiletlcs, daily; Mission Study Class, and Sun- 
day-school Teacher-training, weekly. Elocution and Vocal 
Music will be given if called for. 

Eld. T. C. Denton will give an address of welcome at the 
opening of the session. 

The Sunday-school day, Saturday, Jan. 29, and Educational 
Meeting, Saturday, Feb. 6. 

Make your arrangements to be here at the beginning and 
remain until the close. We will find accommodations for all 
who will come. 

Tuition Is free. Board and room at the College, $2.50 per 
week. Single meals, 20 cents. 

We extend a special Invitation to our ministers of the 
various congregations and to the Sunday-school teachers and 
superintendents of the Sunday schools of the District. 

We request that the elders announce this Bible term to 
their congregations, and in every way possible encourage an 
attendance. I hope we may have representatives from every 
local congregation in the District. D. N. Eller. 


" What therefore God has joined together. let not man put asunder." 
Marriage notices should bo accompanied by GO cents. 

Foster-dine. — At my residence, near Wiley, Colo., Dec. 15, 
1909, by the undersigned, Mr. Clyde A. Foster, of Prowers, 
Colo., and Sister Eva I. Cllne, of McClave. C. A. Shank. 

Ger-.les-Buckiey. — At the Church of the Brethren In Sterling, 
111., by the writer, Dec. 24. 1909. Bro. Henry C. Gerdes and 
Sister Bessie Mae Buckley. Levi S. Shively. 

Hogan-Menn. — By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 12. 
1909, F. E. Hogan and Miss Hulda Menn, both of Dexter, 
New Mexico. Jacob Wyne. 

; the dead which die 

Adams, Sister Annie, died at the Home for the Homeless, 
of the Church of the Brethren, near Manheim, Pa., Dec. 22, 
1909, aged 72 years, 6 months and 1 day. The deceased was 
never married. She entered the home twelve years ago and 
was one of the first Inmates. Services were held Dec. 24, 
at Krider's meetinghouse, by Brethren S. R. and Henry Zug. 
C. C. Madeira and I. W. Taylor. Anna E. Shank. 

Beohtel, Sister Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Esther 
Frederick, born in Knox County, Ohio, Sept. 2, 1829, died in the 
same county Dec. 23, 1909, aged 80 years, 3 months and 21 
days. She was united in marriage to Andrew Bechtel Oct. 
13, 1861, who preceded her nearly three years ago. To this 
union were born four children. One son, two daughters and 
three stepchildren survive. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren when but sixteen years old, and remained a 
faithful member until her death. Services by Bro. A. I. 
Helstand. Text, Philpp. 1: 21. Interment in the Owl Creek 
cemetery. Tena Keller. 

Blenz, Bro. Frederick, died from the effects of a fall, at 
Lake Charles, La„ Dec, 16, 1909, aged 76 years. He went 
there to spend the winter with his daughters. The body was 
brought to his home at Go3hen. Ind., for burial. Services by 
Bro. I. L. Berkey. Interment In the Oak Ridge cemetery. 

Emma Garver. 

Claar, Bro. John M„ born Feb. 18, 1825, died at the Mor- 
rison's Cove "Home for Aged and Infirm," Martlnsburg, Blair 
County, Pa., Dec. 11, 1909, aged 34 years, 9 months and 23 
days. Two sons and two daughters survive. Services In the 
Upper Claar church Dec. 13, by Eld. D. T. Detwiler, of New 
Enterprise, Pa.", of which church Bro. Claar was a member 
at the time of his death. Interment near the church, 

W. H- Mentzer. 

Fftusnig-ht, Glenn Gonser, son of Samuel E. and Lola E. 
Fausnight, died In the bounds of the East Nimlshillen church, 
Stark County, Ohio, Dec. 12, 1909, aged 1 year, 11 months 
and 8 days. Services at the Brick church by the Brethren. 

A. J. Carper. 

PiBlier, Sister Mary P., aied at her late home, 160 N. Char- 
lotte Street, Pottstown, Pa., Dec. 3, 1909, aged 89 years, 8 
months and 5 days. Her husband, Bro. John Fisher, died 
about eight years ago. One daughter survives. Services by 
the writer, assisted by Rev. Callen, of the M. E. church. Text, 
Rom. 8: 25. Interment at Mt. Zion cemetery. 

Ira C. Holsopple. 

Griffith, Bro. Thomas S., born in Virginia, the part now 
known as West Virginia, Dec.9, 1822, died in the Bethany con- 
gregation, Marlon County, W. Va., Dec. 14, 1909, aged 87 
years and 5 days. He was a member of the church for 
twenty-eight years. He was married twice. His first wife's 
name was Ashcroft. To this union were born seven children, 
all of whom but one have preceded him. His second wife's 
name was Rutherford, who survives, and who needs the 
prayers of the church. She is well up in years and Is one 
of our charter members. Services by the writer. Text, Dan. 
12: 1, 2. Interment in the cemetery at Ross Chapel. 

Z. Annon. 

Harrington, Bro. Joseph W., died of old age. in the Middle 
Creek congregation, Somerset County, Pa., Dec. 18, 1909, 
aged 87 years, 8 months and 26 days. He was married three 
times. To the union with his first wife there were born three 
children, of whom two preceded him. To his second wife 
there were born five children, all of whom have preceded 
him. To his third wife were born two children, one of whom 
preceded him. He was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for about forty years. Services by the writer at his 
late home in Rockwood. Text, Rev. 13: 14. Interment in the 
New Centerville cemetery. . H. A. Stahl. 

Hortzlsr, Sister Sarah, died at Lima, Ohio, Dec. 8, 1909, 
aged 85 years. She is survived by two sons and three daugh- 
ters. The body was brought to Goshen, Ind., for burial. 
Services at the church on the West Side, by Bro. Levi Hoke. 
Interment in the West Side cemetery. Emma Garver. 

Herman, Lovina Catharine Elizabeth, nee Cleever, died of 
pneumonia in the bounds of the Upper Canowago congrega- 
tion, Pa., Dec. 6, 1909, aged 47 years, 8 months and 24 days. 
She leaves a husband and eight children. Services at the 
Latlmore church by Brethren Abram Hull and W. G. Group. 

Ruth Group. 

HochstetlOT, Mary, nee Weaver, born Sept. 11, 1866, died 
near Berlin, Ohio, Dec. 5, 1909, aged 43 years, 2 months and 
23 days. Her husband, five sons and five daughters, father, 
mother, six brothers and four sisters survive. She was a 
member of the Mennonite church. Services conducted by her 
pastor, Fred Mast. Sarah Middaugh. 

Hoon, Sister Margaret, born in Carlisle County, Pa., July 
26, 1832, died of throat trouble, at the home of her stepson, 
Frank Hoon, Jonesboro, Ark., Dec. 5, 1909, aged 77 years, 4 
months and 9 days. She was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church for many years. The body was brought to 
Charleston, Mo., for burial. Interment in Oak Grove ceme- 
tery. Naoma Morris. 

Jaqua, Sister Arvilla, wife of Josiah Jaqua, born April 12, 
1837, died of heart failure, at her home near Edgerton, Minn., 
Dec. 10, 1909, aged 72 years, 7 months and 28 days. She was 
a member of the Church of the Brethren for about seven 
years. Her husband, four daughters and three sons survive. 
Services by Bro. J. Schechter, Jr., at Luverne, Minn. Text, 
Num. 23: 10. Minnie Schechter. 

Kemper, Sister Margaret, nee Mohler, born In Cumberland 
County, Pa., Jan. 16, 1817, died at the home of her daughter. 
Sister Lizzie Hahn, Morrill, Kans., Dec. 5, 1909, aged 92 years, 
10 months and 19 days. She was united in marriage to Isaac 
Kemper Nov. 6, 1836, who preceded her twenty-five years 
ago. In 1854 the family came West and located in the Wad- 
dams Grove church, near Lena, Stephenson County, 111. For 
many years they lived near the Louisa churchhouse, and 
many of the brethren and sisters shared their kind hospital- 
ity. Five of the ten children survive. The remains were 
brought back to her old home for burial. Services by Breth- 
ren P. R. Keltner and Enoch Eby. Albert Myers. 

Uiller, Sister Maria, nee Nauman, wife of David E. Miller, 
died of pneumonia, at her home near Cassells Mill, Lancaster 
County, Pa., Dec 19, 1909, aged 58 years 11 months and 19 
days. Her husband, one son, two daughters and one brother 
survive. Services Dec. 23, at Krider's meetinghouse, by 
Brethren Israel Graybill, N. B. Fahnestock and C. C. Madeira, 

Anna E. Shank. 

Minnioh, Sister Laura E., daughter of Henry and Catharine 
Netzley, born near Naperville, 111., July 28, 1867, died of heart 
failure following a nervous shock, Dec. 18, 1909, aged 42 years, - 
4 months and 20 days. When fourteen years of age she 
united with the Church of the Brethren, living a consistent 
Christian life until her death, May 24, 1888, she was united 
in marriage to Levi Mlnnlch. To this union were born three 
children. As a noble-hearted, Christian woman, a devoted 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 191(5. 


wife, and a loving mother, she found real happiness In ad- 
ministering to those about her own hearthstone. While thus 
engaged, she was shot Nov. 29, as has already been described 
in the Messenger. It was found necessary to amputate her 
left arm, but before this was undertaken, she was anointed 
by Eld. JessB Stutsman. After suffering for nineteen days, 
she passed to her reward. She was an earnest Sunday-school 
worker and at the time of her death was the teacher of a 
class of thirty young ladies, having recently organized that 
class. She leaves her husband, son, two daughters, father, 
mother, two sisters and two brothers. The funeral was large- 
ly attended and was conducted by Eld. Jesse Stutsman and 
others, Bro. Stutsman delivering the address. Text, Matt. 
24: 44. After the services the remains were laid to rest In 
the Newcomer cemetery. * * • 

Fifer, Bro. Charles Albert, died of blood poison, within the 
bounds of the Upper Canowago congregation, Pa,, Dec. 20, 
1909, aged 38 years, 1 months and 12 days. He had united 
witii the church about four months before his death. A 
widow and six small children survive. Services at the Latl- 
more church by Eld. C. Tj. Baker and Bro. W. G. Group. 

Ruth Group. 
Stretcli, Sister Emily, nee McCoy, born Nov. 16. 1827, at 
Richmond, Va., died at Dowagiac, Mich., Dec. 22, 1909, aged 
82 years, 1 month and 6 days. At the age of four years she 
came with her parents to Cass County, Mich., where she has 
since resided. Dec. 26, 1844, she was united in marriage to 
Eld. John Stretch, who preceded her seventeen years. To 
this union were born five sons all of whom, with four broth- 
ers and three sisters, survive. They also raised Mrs. Anna 
Sheline. Brother and Sister Stretch milted with the Church 
of the Brethren fifty-five years ago and lived faithful until 
death. Services by the writer. Text, 2 Tim. 4: 6-8. 

H. W. Krieghbaum. 
Thomas, Rose, born in Aurella, Cherokee Co., Iowa, Nov. 29, 
1887, died at her parents' home in Sandpoint, Idaho, Nov. 17, 
1909, aged 21 years, 11 months and 18 days. She was the 
daughter of Samuel and Ida M. Thomas, and a granddaughter 
of John and Hannah Early. She leaves father and mother, 
two brothers and three sisters. Services at the house by C. 
E. Wilson, of the M. E. church, Interment in the Lakeside 
cemetery. John Early. 

Wentz, Sister Elizabeth, born Sept. 6, 1857, died of pneu- 
monia in Roaring Spring congregation, Pa., Dec. 19, 1909, 
aged 52 years. 3 months and 12 days. Sister Wentz was a 
faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for many. 
years. Her seat In the sanctuary was seldom vacant. She 
ieaves husband, three sons and four daughters. Her body 
was taken to the Holsinger house, where services were con- 
ducted by Eld. F. C. DIvely from John 16: 28, latter clause. 
Interment in the cemetery near by. Annie L. DIvely. 

Whistler, Emma, daughter of Bro. Willis and Sister Annie 
Whistler, of the U, per Cumberland church, died Dec. 21, 
1909. aged 19 years, 4 months and 25 days. Her sickness was 
of short duration. She was not feeling well on Sunday even- 
ing, and grew worse until Tuesday evening, when she passed 
away. Her death was due to appendicitis. She will be great- 
ly missed in the home and in the community. She is sur- 
vived by father, mother, one sister and one brother. Serv- 
ices at the house by Bro. W. I. Sheaffer, assisted by Bro. 
Noah Cockley, from Rev. 3: 11. Interment at the Newvllle 
cemetery. A. A. Evans. 

Wlckham, Dr. W. W., born in Onondaga County, N. Y., Aug. 
16, 1820, died at the home of his daughter at Crawfordsville, 
Ind., Dec. 22, 1909, aged 89 years. He came to Goshen, Ind.. 
in 1847, and practiced medicine for fifty-four years. Bro. 
Wickbam was a member of the church for twelve years. 
One son and three daughters survive. The remains were 
brought to Goshen. Ind., for burial. Services by Bro. I. L. 
Berkey, assisted by Rev. E. A. Vanmeys of the Presbyterian 
church. Emma Garver. 

Wingerd, Sister Mary E., born Feb. 5, 1842, died at her home 
at Uplands, Cal., Dec. 15, 1909, aged 67 years, 10 months and 
10 days. She was the mother of eight children, five of whom, 
with the aged husband, survive. Services at the Upland M. 
E church, by Eld. S. E. Yundt, assisted by Bro. J. W. Cllne 
and Rev. Welch. Text, Job 14: 14. Clara B. Wolf. 

Wise, Adelia Anna, little daughter of Brother Jolm and 
Sister Virgie Wise, died of membranous croup, at Conway 
Springs, Kans., Dec. 22. 1909, aged 3 years, 9 months and 7 
days. Her illness lasted but one week. Services by the 
writer. J - J - Bowser. 

Young, Bro. Theo. B., born in Washington County, Md., 
April 6, 1848, uied from hemorrhage of the lungs, at his home 
in Wichita, Kans., Dec. 9, 1909. aged 61 years, 8 months and 
4 days. He was united In marriage to Catharine WIdder 
Dec. 16, 1869. To this union were born five children, — four 
daughters and one son. One daughter preceded him. Bro. 
Young united with the Brethren church in 1871. In 1886 he 
was elected to the ministry. He served as a faithful fol- 
lower and teacher, and was loved and respected by all who 
knew him. His ministerial labors were confined largely to 
the locality In which he lived. He was considered an able 
exhorter and expounder of the Word. His Illness lasted about 
six weeks. Services at the Brethren church In Wichita, by 
Eld. S. Z. Sharp, — a life-long friend of the deceased. Text, 
Num. 23: 10. Interment In the Kechl cemetery. 

Jacob Funk. 

MM * M » MMMM Mil I 

The Gospel Messenger 

A weekly religious journal, 1G large pages, is published 
in the interest of the Church of the Brethren, and is the only 
church organ published by the authority of the Conference. 
Price, $1.50 per annum. 

It most earnestly pleads for a return to the apostolic order 
or worship and practice. 

It holds that the Bible Is a divinely-inspired book, and 
recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible rule of 
faith and practice for the people of God. 

It also holds to the doctrine of the Trinity; teaches future 
rewards and punishment, and emphasizes the importance of 
a pure, 'holy and upright life before God and man. 

It maintains that only those who remain faithful until 
death have the promise of eternal life; 

That Faith. Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins; 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three times 
face-forward is Christian Baptism; 

That Feet-washing as taught in John 
mand to be observed by the church; 

That the Lord's Supper is a meal, and 
the Communion, should be taken in the e 
close of the day. 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, 
Is binding upon the followers of Christ; 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and 
self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ; 

That a Nonconformity to the world In daily walk, dress, 
customs and conversation is essential to true holiness and 
Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exercises. 
Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 11: 4, 5. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of Anointing the sick 
with oil In the name of the Lord. 

In short, It is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the conflict- 
ing theories and discords of modern Christendom, to point 
out ground that all must concede to be infallibly safe. Send 
for sample copy. Address: 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

The Love Watch :: 

By Wm. A. Knight 

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Price, 81.00 

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By P. D. Coburn. 
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physiological mode] of the hog. A book 
of G50 pages nmt'usely Illustrated by 
magnificent halftones and drawings. 
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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1910. 


Monitor.— Eld. C. H. Brown, of Lake Arthur. N. Mex.. held 
a scries of mt-elings f«»' t' lls cliurch, commencing Isov. IS. 
Ho preached seventeen sermons at the church and seven at a 

sehoolhouse. There were no visible results, but many good 
h reLons were made. Oar council was held Dec. 4. when 
churcli and Sunday-school Ollicers were elected. Most of the 
old officers were retained. The writer was elected corre- 
spondent and Messenger agent.-Cora Cupp. Nashville, Okla., 
Dec 30. 

Medicine LaJte Sunday school met at the Lome" of Brother 
and Sister Cookson for our Christmas program. Following 
Uiis a treat was given the children, which was gladly re- 
ceived There were sixty present. The collection amounted 
to t? 00 The superintendent kindly invited all to attend 
Sunday school next summer. We are greatly scattered yet 
our school has been in progress, so far, during the winter 
December has been a cold month, the temperature being from 
ten to thirty degrees below. We now have eight inches of 
snow on the ground—Katie E. Keller. Enterprise. Mont., 
Dec 29. 

Glendora church met in regular council Dec. 26 Brethren 
D 4 Norcross, of Lordsburg, and O. Mathias, of Re- 
riondo were with us. Three members were received by lettei. 
Cono Er S for the coming year resulted as follow* 
Bro J S Brubaker, elder( Bro. Roy Brubaker. clerk; J. W. 
Gna K y Sunday school superintendent; Essie Huber, secretary. 
S ster Dov, Sauhle was chosen superintendent of the primary 
department. Sister Lora Brubaker was elected president of 
the Christi-m Workers, and Maud Moore, secretary. The 
writer wal chosen correspondent. On Sunday evening, Dec 
« Christmas program was rendered by the Sunday school. 
Jan 2 Bro. Andrew Hutchison will commence revival meet- 
iugs _Louese W. Brubaker. Azusa, Cal., Dec. a. 

South Keokuk.— The meetings which have been in progress 
her? during the past three weeks, conducted by Bro. Faust, 
SnSa Sunday morning, Jan. 2. There were no inversions 
but the church feels spiritually strengthened by the many 
good sermons he gave us—Bertha Shelly, R. D. 2, Olhe, Iowa, 
Jan. 3. 

Mount CarrolL— Instead of Sunday school and regular 
church services a Christmas program was given Dee. £b. 
Songs and recitations were given by the children, and a few 
-elect readings by the larger pupils. Each member of the 
Sunday scLol received a little gift. A collection was taken 
for the benefit of missions.— Ella Wiler, Mount Carroll, Ill- 
Dec 31. 

Haisin City church met in council Dec 25, with Bro. Harvey 
KikentH-rry presiding. Church and Sunday-school orhcers were 
darted for six months. Bro. W. J. Wilkinson was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Cora Eikenherry, secre- 
tary Sister Weaver was again elected president of christian 
Workers' meeting, and Bro. Samuel Beeghly was appointed 
Messenger agent. The sisters were granted permission to 
organise an aid society. Services were held at 11 A. M. on 
Christmas Day. Bro. Whistler preached the sermon A col- 
lection of So 30 was taken for home missions in the btate 
District. On the evening of Dec. 2G the Christian Workers 
gave a special program, consisting of recitations, essays and 
special music. Prospects are good for a series of lectures 
by Bro D. E. Miller, followed by a series of sermons by Bra 
Andrew Hutchison.— Ida Flickinger, Raisin. Cal., Dec 30. 

Lordsborg. — Our revival service, In connection with the 
special Bible Term at the College, closed last Wednesday even- 
ing Eld L. D. Bosserman. lately of Beatrice, Nebr., but now 
of Pasadena, Cal., did the preaching. Seven were added to 
the church by baptism and two reclaimed. We held our love 
feast on the evening of Dec. 1U. Bro. Bosserman officiated 
assisted by Elders E. Forney and W. F. England. About 210 
surrounded the tables, The Sunday school gave a program on 
Christmas eve. The older classes contributed to the St. 
Joseph, Mo., Mission Christmas dinner fund, and the primary 
and junior classes to the Chicago Extension Fund and our San 
Dimas Mission. The protracted meeting at San Dimas will 
begin Jan. 16, with Eld. David Crist in charge.— Grace H. 
Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., Dec. 27. 

Twin Tails congregation met in council Dec. 17. Church. 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were elected 
for the coming year. Bro. C. Fahrney was retained as our 
elder- Bro. J. S. Flory continues to be our Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Suie Bikenberry is president of Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting; Sister Jennie Wolfe was elected church 
correspondent, and Bro. H. A. Swab, clerk. Three letters were 
granted Four new members have moved into our congrega- 
tion since our last report. Last Sunday our Sunday school 
gave a Christmas program, after which one applied for bap- 
tism. It was a young man who had belonged to another 
faith, but for the past year has been a regular attendant at 
our services. Our membership now numbers forty-five. The 
average attendance at our Sunday school, for the past year, 
has been tifty-five, with an average collection- of $2.25. Dur- 
ing the fall our churchhouse was completed and we now have a 
comfortable, well-lighted and well-finished place of worship. 
— Eda Flory, Twin Falls, Idaho, Dec 29. 


For our Christmas dinner here, last Saturday, a large 
room was donated on Missouri Avenue, and another for 
the reception and services on King Hill Avenue. We 
made arrangements with a baker to furnish us with 500 
loaves of bread, 350 pies, 280 dozen cookies and for the 
roasting of all the fowls and rabbits. We also used one bar- 
rel of cranberries, 150 pounds of sugar, about ten bushels 
of potatoes, several bushels of apples, ten bunches of 
celery, canned goods, etc. We were able to seat seventy 
at one time. Though the weather was cold, and much 
snow prevented some from coming, yet we were able 
to serve dinner to 315 hungry souls. Our help was plenty 
and donations from the Brotherhood were fair. Several 
members from Morrill, Kans., were with us. To our sur- 
prise, the three members of the Mission Board of North- 
ern Missouri also were visitors with us, and ate at the 
table. It was an unusual sight to them. 

After all had been fed, it was seen that we had an 
abundance of provisions left. For this we were glad. 
In our distribution of about 2,000 invitation cards, a few 
days previous, we found many who were sick and un- 
able to come to the dinner, but whose addresses were 
given. An announcement was made that on Monday we 
would prepare baskets to carry to the sick, the blind and 
the crippled. Again faithful brethren and sisters and 
friends assisted us, and baskets were filled and sent out 
to all parts of the city, to gladden the homes of many 
poor and unfortunate ones. Reports came that some 
laughed for joy, some wept, and all were very thankful. 

One brother said that, on delivering a basket to an old, 
blind colored man, who had once been a Virginia slave, 

he wept for joy, till the tears ran down his cheeks. The 
business men of South St. Joseph were very kind to us, 
and gave us their assistance. They looked on in aston- 
ishment to see how many we could feed, and yet not so- 
licit the city. They could see people thronging the door 
on Saturday and Monday, and could also see basket after 
basket of provisions in the hands of Brethren and friends, 
who, by means of the street cars, found their way into 
the needy districts of the city, to make glad the hearts 
of the poor. We were reminded of Paul's letter to the 
Romans in the fifteenth chapter, where he speaks of car- 
rying a contribution to the poor saints at Jerusalem. We 
were careful to keep a record as to where and to whom 
the baskets were sent, in order that all were treated 
fairly. We were able to distribute 180 baskets, esti- 
mated to contain ten lunches each, making 1,800 meals 
furnished on Monday. 

We extend our thanks to the Brethren and friends who 
assisted us in the good work. Bro. P. B. Newman, our 
pastor for 1910, is now in the midst of a revival here and 
the interest is good. E. N. Huffman. 

Station D, 502 Ky. Street, St. Joseph, Mo., Dec. 29. 

On Christmas morning we gave all the inmates of the 

Home little gifts of candy and oranges, which kind friends 
had furnished. When told that these gifts were tokens 
of love, their hearts were filled with gladness. We also 
received a very attractive box from Class No. 3 of the 
Brethren Sunday school at Zimmerman, Ohio. This class 
is made up of children from eight to fourteen years of 
age. The box contained one nice comforter, pieced by 
the little girls, ten dolls, also dressed by the girls, and 
four scrapbooks made by the little boys. The children 
were delighted with these presents. We wish to thank 
these thoughtful little people for their kind remembrances 
of our little folks. 

Some of the inmates received Christmas boxes and 
cards from their relatives and friends, which made them 
very happy. Those who received no token of remem- 
brance from friends were much disappointed. One dear 
old sister, Aunt Tina, who had been in her room in quiet 
meditation for some time, came to us with her old Ger- 
man New Testament in hand, open at Matt. 2, saying 
she had been reading of the Christ child, and that the 
book was very dear to her, having been presented to her 
by Eld. John Garber, of Beaver Dam, Md., when she 
became a member of the church, nearly seventy years 
ago. When he gave it to her he said, " Take this book, 
read it and obey it." " This," she said, " 1 have tried to 
do. If I am called away while you are here I want this 
Testament put in my casket with me." 

The day before Christmas another dear old sister, 
Lydia Paul, who had been an invalid and had to use 
crutches for the last fifteen years, was called away to her 
long home. As some leave us, others come to take their 
place, and our number remains about the same. 

Dec. 29. G. W. Minnich. 

M-f++ MMMM * MMMMM » 


With the close of the year the usual exercises, incident 
to the celebration of the birth of Christ, were rendered 
by the children of our Sunday school. The pupils did 
credit to the school and those who had charge of the 
program, by the high standard of their selections. Dur- 
ing the past two years the birthday offering has been a 
feature of the work of the Sunday school. This year 
$6.71 was obtained in this manner, and applied to the 
" Child Rescue Society" of our District. Last year $11.32 
was raised and given in support of the Old Folks' Home. 
The Sunday-school collections, this year, amounted to 
$41.57, $12.85 of which was given to missions and other 
benevolent causes. 

The school has gained in its working capacity. Dur- 
ing the year three have made the good choice. The out- 
look for the year 1910 is very encouraging. We natur- 
ally have a number of problems, such as are connected 
with mission schools, to solve. Many of our pupils must 
receive help in the way of clothing and other things, in 
order to attend Sunday schaol. We sincerely desire the 
sympathy, prayers and support of those who have the 
cause of the church at heart. One letter of membership 
has been received. D. H. Keller. 

552 W. Seventh Street, Winona, Minn., Dec. 30. 

The Mission Board of Southern Missouri and North- 
western Arkansas met in Jasper Dec. 27. Bro. R. F. 
Bowman was appointed to investigate conditions at Au- 
rora, and Bro. Rufus Wise is located at the Joplin Mis- 
sion. The members of the Nevada church are to have 
meetings once a month, as they have no minister. At 
our last district meeting it was decided that no elder 
can serve on the Mission Board. As Bro. Gitt was or- 
dained to the eldership, we elected Bro. Oscar Neher to 
fill his place. The board is now composed of Bro. W. 
M. Greenwood, chairman, Bro. Albert Mays, secretary, 
and Bro. Oscar Neher, treasurer. Albert Mays, 

Bolivar, Mo., Jan. 1. 

Jerry McAuley i 

An Apostle to the Lost| 

A most interesting 
recital of the life of 
one who, when re- 
deemed from sin, be- 
came a most earnest 
and effective soul-win- 
ner. The story of his 
conversion while serv- 
ing- sentence in Sing 
Sing; his struggles 
and temptations; his 
triumphs and vic- 
tories, all help to 
make this a real tes- 
timony of God's saving grace. 

It is a good thing to write and print and 
spread the life of such a man as the hero of 
this volume. It may kindle the flame in 
many other hearts. Christians in other 
walks of life than he trod may be stirred to 
better living. And some poor, sinning soul, 
some wretched and sinking soul, some poor 
sinner, almost as bad as Jerry was, may read 
"it in his extremity, and cry out with this 
ransomed prisoner, " Lord, save me, I per- 

Fifth edition, revised and enlarged. Many 
new illustrations. Attractively bound in 
cloth. 304 pages. Price, postpaid, $1.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

m m M M »♦»»♦»» 







A carefully pre- 
pared list of topics 
for the Christian 
Workers' Society 
during the first half 
of this year. Eld. 
J. G. Royer has pre- 
pared a full page of 
suggestive outlines 
on each topic. 
Splendid outlines! 
Timely topics I 
Helpful suggestions! 


For less than 25 

copies, each, $ .04 
For 25 copies, .75 
For 50 copies, 1.25 
For 100 copies, 2.00 

Brethren Publishing House 
Elgin, Illinois 

Our 1910 Club Offer 

Gospel Messenger, 1 year, $1.50 

Brethren's Family Almanac for 1910, . . .10 

Inglenook, 1-00 

Missionary Visitor, 1 year, 50 

Our Young People, 1 year, 65 

Brethren Teachers' Monthly, 1 year, .. .50 


For a limited time we can offer you the following ex- 
ceedingly liberal offers: 

Gospel Messenger 1 year, $1.50 

Literary Activity of the Brethren in the 

Eighteenth Century. By j. S. Flory. 

Cloth 1-25 

Inglenook 1 year, $1.00 

Literary Activity of the Brethren in the 

Eighteenth Century, by J. S. Flory. 

Cloth 1-25 

All for 
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not, send direct to us. 



Inglenook 1 year, $1.00 

Inglenook Cook Book, paper, 25 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 49. 

Elgin, 111., January 15, 1910. 

No. 3. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. however, the judge caught him in the act of thus at- 

Editoriai,— tempting to influence the jury, and dealt with him as 

EvSy MemS'T tn?Surch a' Reader' oi' tie' Church" he deserved. It is plainly to he seen how justice, at 

Papers (H. c. e.) £i times, might be thwarted by the powerful influence of 

SJjin^Tarw^m^. .*?'. ^'- . '■ '■ '. ' ' '■ '■ ' '■ ' ' ' '■ '■ '■ '■ '■ '■ & lodge members. Gen. U. S. Grant truthfully said, "All 

SruSVc^^ secret - oath-bound orders are dangerous, no matter 

What the Messenger Did 4 2 j 10W Dure or how patriotic the motives and principles 

preaching to the Spirits 42 ** f 

which first bring them together. 

Essays, — ° _ 

He Will Enable Us. By Paul Mohler 34 .... 

How Solve the Education Problem? By I. n. h. Beahm, 34 j T j s statec i bv a recent traveler that the traditional 

The Baptismal Question. By J. T. Myers, 34 _ "• . . 

Sentimental and Fundamental Christianity. By M. M. site of the grave 01 Noah IS Visited each year by tllOU- 

BibiJSdT'By Amos a Hai*neV,":::::::::::::"::::l5 sands of devout pilgrims, who think nothing of ciimb- 

a Beautiful Life. By a. g. crosswhite. 30 . j fc declivity of the Jebel Judi Mountain, 

Aggressive Work for Peace. By Jacob Funk 36 b f J •>_ ,.. , 

The Making of a Life. By d. c. Reber 36 overlooking the great Mesopotamian plain, in order to 

S^ t r°thh e a se'rvioe By waS! Hetaar,; ' ■ V. '■ '■ ■ '■ ' '■ '■'■ '■ ~»' visit the interesting site. A sanctuary, erected in hon- 

tho Bound Taoie,— or of the ancient patriarch, thousands of feet above 

The Lack of sacrifice.— J. F. Neher winter and old j valley is a place of fervent worship. While there 

Age _G Wilford Robinson. Increasing in the Knowl- Lllc vmicv, 1= a jim^ ui r , ,. . 

edge of God.— H. a. stahi. " it win Do."— J. H. Mor- ; s considerable doubt regarding various localities, 

T«J*ln "-' SeeklnS? ~ Ma M ' He "° connected with Bible history, the authenticity of this 

HOm ,? "* Greatest of These is Love."-Lena Long Avey. one seems to be fairly well established. Noah is an 

Teaching the Bible to Our children.— Amanda witmore, 39 ; ntere sting character of history. Perhaps his many- 

Temperanoe Selections,— sided personality has not been accorded the just valu- 

Strange. Isn't It? A Surgeon's Temperance. Plague . f , , r t , i .1. t 1' c „. 

Spots What Ruins airis. The Devil's invitation to atlon it deserves. Not only was he the world s hrst 

S p e ee?r"Temperrce S Tg"getr nS Po A e™ h0 kta^d T up m f P o S r "weather man," a successful shipbuilder, an able 

Temperance; The Saloon Bar " seaman and navigator, and a naturalist of proficiency, 

~ but also a " preacher of righteousness " in a corrupt 

ARO UND THE WORLD age A life like n ; s we ll deserves careful study. 

It is now announced that the proposed visit of King Internal Revenue Collector, Henry Fink, of 

Emmanuel of Italy to King Edward has for its main M ji wau kee, wis., reports that during the last four 

purpose the discussion of plans to limit naval arma- months tnere ) las ij een a f a llj n g off of nearly 80,000 

ments, and the preservation of world peace in general. barre ls j n t he ol ,tput of Milwaukee beer, as proved by 

Such an effort, on the part of Italy's ruler, is a most the tax rece ; pt recor ds. in the fiscal year, ending 

commendable one, and one can but wish that he might j^ ^ jgQ^ t]iere is snown t0 bc a reduction of 321,- 

extend his trip to the various courts of Europe, in the 255 barrels from the" amount sold in the previous 

further accomplishment of his mission. As the nil- years From these figures one might logically infer 

ers of the various European countries have affirmed, ^ p ro hibition really prohibits, at least in some of the 

time after time, that they really do not want war, they dfy terr j tor y w h ere officers are conscientious enough 

might make use of this opportunity to cooperate with tQ en f orce tne ]aw Another revenue officer says that 

King Emmanuel in his mission of peace. tnere ; s an ; ncrease d amount of beer sold in the license 

' ~ , , , towns, at present, because of the country's great pros- 

The American Bible Society, at the close of H e claims that these increased sales accurately 

1909, still found itself $42,612.00 short the required V ^ trend ^ .^^ ^^ ., beer being 

amount,-$500,000,-by which it would be entitled to ^ ^^ ^ „ In ^ ]atter statemem he is 

Mrs. Russell Sage's munificent donation of equa ^^ correct ,_ tlle drinker is poor and stays 
amount, to be used m the further distribution of saloonkeeper flourishes and prospers. 

Bibles throughout the world. While Mrs. Sages v 

offer originally expired Dec. 31, last, she has now con- ^ strong and determined effort is being made to 
sented to extend the time for a brief period, with the havg Congress more f u ll y protect the Indians against 
hope that the friends of the Society will rally to its the encroac h m ents of the liquor traffic. A bill, recent- 
aid, and raise the required amount. In past years the ^ intr0( j lIce[ i | prohibits the sale of liquor to any 
Society has distributed 90,000,000 copies of the Bible Indian wh0j in anv degree, remains a ward of the 
in the various languages of the globe. It is to be Tj n ; te( j states Government. It prohibits the dispen- 
hoped that nothing will hinder the future progress of sing q{ i; quors upon or j n the neighborhood of land 
the work, which is entirely undenominational. Bible a rj otte< j t o Indians, or within twenty-five miles of any 
distribution, as effected by this Society, is a valuable j na j ari reservation or settlement. Heavy penalties are 
adjunct to missionary work everywhere. to be v i s i te d upon violators of the enactment. If 

: ', . , oassed and fully enforced, the new ruling will be of 

Sometimes the power exercised by the various se- £ ss «^ f ^ ^ remnant of the once 

cret orders, including also some of the labor unions, « ne greatest nencn 

• , , • , , „j ,„ f ; f ,„„,,;„,,« nn powerful and numerous race of Ked Men. banana, 

,s not esteemed very highly, and yet .t const, utes an ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

element of real danger. In a recent court tria m Chi- " '* ohibMve mea5ures regarding the sale oft 

cago, evidence was produced against one of the labor «cd ent p £ ^ ^ _ ^ 

unions, showing that the persons indicted were re- ^ * ™ that , ong ere this shouId have 

sponsible for the explosion of a bomb which, as „,- ™ e J^ ed Sta(es tQ ne g eded action alon g sim - 
tended, set fire to a house constructed by non-union f tlr "; a 

labor. While the case was clear, yet the jurors re- llar ,lnes - — 

turned a verdict of " not guilty," simply because they " Man's inhumanity to man is occasionally en- 

feared for the safety of their own homes,-as was countered where least expected The recent experi- 
afterwards explained by some of the jurymen. It ap- ence of Wm. F. Bostick, a student of the University 
pears that " sinister intimations had been given that of Chicago, in being refused shelter in a country home, 
fully impressed them with the power of the unions while overcome by the extreme cold on his way to a 
for weal or woe In another case the defendant en- preaching appointment, is .a sad commentary on our 
deavored to enlist the sympathv of possible lodge boasted Christian civilization of the twentieth century, 
brothers among the jury by covertly giving them the Working his way through school and also partially 
Odd Fellows' " sign of distress." As it happened, supporting dependent brothers and sisters, Mr. Bos- 

tick had charge of a church at Yorkville, 111., in addi- 
tion to his school duties. It was while endeavoring to 
walk to this place from Aurora, — the interurban cars 
failing to run because of a snow blockade, — that he 
met with the unlooked-for experience of being denied 
shelter when completely exhausted and chilled. Be- 
fore he could secure protection from the intense cold, 
both feet were frozen. Late reports indicate that am- 
putation will be required to save the life of this de- 
voted worker. One is made to wonder what has be- 
come of the old-fashioned spirit of hospitality, once so 
common everywhere. " Be not forgetful to entertain 


The high cost of living, at the present time, has 
aroused attention everywhere, and Secretary Wilson, 
of the Department of Agriculture, is trying to find out 
why there should be such an abnormal condition. 
His observations, so far, lead him to conclude that 
there are too few farmers and too many storekeepers. 
— that too many persons are rushing to town and city, 
and trying to make a living there, and not enough are 
staying in the country. Too many are trying to get 
along without work, and not enough people are' active- 
ly engaged in the business of producing something. In 
other words, we need more producers and fewer dis- 
tributers, or middlemen. If the serious condition, so 
manifest at present, should result in a " back-to-thc- 
soil " movement, there would probably be an abate- 
ment in the much-deplored rush of country people to 
the city, and a consequent, material gain to the all-im- 
portant and essential army of producers. 

The great problem of our cities is the slum district, 
with its filth, vice and degradation. Liverpool, En- 
gland, has struggled with the same question, but, ap- 
parently, has met with better success than most of our 
American cities. Forty years ago there were in Liver- 
pool about 22,000 insanitary tenements. Acting on the 
principle that slum conditions must be destroyed, in 
order to eliminate the slums, the city has gradually rid 
itself of nearly all insanitary tenements, and in their 
place erected dwellings farther out, with ample garden 
space, amid most healthful surroundings. The change 
has been a most remarkable one, as the transformation 
wrought is marvelous indeed, and readily to be noticed 
by the most superficial observer. Morals are much im- 
proved, and criminal tendencies, in consequence, very 
much lessened, while health fulness is naturally much 
greater than could have been possible under the 
wretched conditions formerly prevailing. Religious 
efforts, also, now meet with more ready acceptance. 
It pays to get rid of slum conditions. 

Real success does not, after all, depend upon our 
various advantages, but rather upon the determina- 
tion that insures success in spite of almost insur- 
mountable difficulties. The fine record of thirteen- 
year-old William Clement Plunkett, a blind boy, who 
graduated with highest honors from the Boston public 
schools, is an example of invincible push, and deter- 
mination that knows no hindrances. With infinite 
patience the boy toiled from day to day, aided by his 
parents, to acquire the essentials of his education. 
though seriously handicapped by his blindness. His 
wonderful quickness of mind, and a memory which re- 
tains almost everything he learns, are material aids, 
of course, in his struggle, but, after all, it is the power 
within that enables him to succeed where others with 
two good eyes have failed. We relate the little inci- 
dent to afford a source of inspiration to many a strug- 
gling minister or mission point, reminding them that, 
by a resolute and determined effort and the blessing of 
God, they can often turn the most untoward circum- 
stances into the most glorious success for the Lord 
and his cause. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


"Studv to show thyself approved unto God, n workiiinu that iieede'th not 
to t.t ashamed, lightly dividing the Word of Truth. 

Forgotten Trouble. 

Do you know what it was that caused you to fret, 

Only a year ago? 
Can you tell me the source of your utmost regret. 

Only a year ago? 
It looked big to you then and you moped and you pined, 
The long nights were sleepless and troubled your mind, 
Yet you can't tell what happened, in looking behind, 

Only a year ago? 
Do you know why you frowned as you journeyed your 

Only a month ago? 
Can you tell now what made all your blue skies look gray, 

Only a month ago? 
What trouble was it that your happiness marred, 
That caused you to say that your heart had grown hard, 
And from all future joys in this world you were barred. 

Only a month ago? 
You've forgotten them all, both the great and the small, 

The pain and the woe; 
For few are the troubles we ever recall 

As onward we go. 
Ah, few are the troubles, my brother, tliat last 
They seem big at first, but the moment they're past, 
They slip from the mind, for "they never stick fast. 

It is well that it's so. 

— Detroit Free Press. 

He Will Enable Us. 


I have talked with young- men who feared to be- 
come Christians for fear they could not hold out. I 
have talked with church members who feared to come 
out from the world and live a life of holiness, for fear 
Ihey would lose their friends. I have seen ministers 
who refused responsible positions because they feared 
they could not do the work. I know whole congrega- 
tions that refuse to rid themselves of evil for fear of 
trouble. I know a whole Fraternity of Brethren that 
is trembling as it faces the necessity of solving some 
momentous questions. Why is all this fear? 

I get "panicky" myself sometimes; perhaps my 
case is like the rest. If so, I think I understand it all. 
I'll tell you what is the matter with me; I look too 
much to myself. When I look at my own weakness, I 
may well tremble before the perils of temptation, the 
persecutions of the righteous, the responsibility that 
rests upon a minister, the tribulations of the reformer, 
the dangers of proposing new policies to the church. I 
should be a fool to undertake such things in my own 
strength. But his " Lo, I am with you " makes all 
things possible. I am convinced that when God calls 
any man to any duty whatsoever, and that man accepts 
the call in deep humility, not seeking his own profit 
but God's, God will enable him to do that work. Let 
him give himself into the hands of God; then let him 
claim the promise. 

It is thought by some to be a sign of deep humility 
for one to refuse a responsible position because he 
does not feel able for it. That may be, but it is also 
something else; it is just as good a sign of a weak 
faith. If I believe in the fatherhood of God and the 
loving help of Jesus, I shall never be afraid. When 
God appointed Jeremiah to be his prophet, Jeremiah 
said, " Ah, Lord Jehovah ! behold I know not how to 
speak; for I am a child," God said, " Say not, I am a 
child, for to whomsoever I shall send thee, thou shalt 
go, and whatsoever I shall command thee thou shalt 
speak. Be not afraid because of them; for I am with 
thee to deliver thee, saith Jehovah." Every Christian 
worker has the same assurance, " I can do all things 
through Christ who strengthened! me." Shall I fear, 
then, to take up my task though it be a hard one? 

I have been asked frequently about the work of a 
certain committee, appointed by Annual Meeting, what 
it will do, and what the result will be. I am free to 
say that I do not know. I don't even know what the 
committee should do, but God does. The committee 
has a great problem to solve, but God knows how it 
should be solved. All that the committee has to do is 
to get God's answer and give us that. I am sure the 
members of the committee know this and are earnest- 
ly seeking God's answer. If the rest of us do our part. 

pray for the committee that they may yield themselves 
entirely to God so as to receive his guidance, 'then pre- 
pare ourselves to receive their report, whatever it may 
be, Qur problem will be solved-and solved RIGHT, but 
if we stand off and watch them labor without our 
prayers, stiffening ourselves in our own opinions and 
getting ready to " jump on " theirs, the problem for us 
will go unsolved. No set of ^nen can decide any ques- 
tion for God's kingdom; God himself cannot enable 
them to do it without the help of the church, her 
prayers, her consecration, her readiness to obey. 

There are people that actually worry about what 
would become of Bethany Bible School if Brethren 
Wieand and Hoff should die. Well, that doesn't worry 
me. If I thought this school was run merely by Breth- 
ren Wieand and Hoff, I shouldn't be here; I believe 
the Lord is running it, and I believe he can run it with- 
out them if they should die. Certain I am that he can 
keep them here as long as he wants them here; when 
he wants them to depart, I shall be satisfied. But, just 
the same, all who love the work of this school should 
pray for its workers that they may always do God's 
will. If I could not pray for that, I should pray God 
to stop it right away. Every movement in the church 
that comes from God should have the prayers of God's 
people, and every other movement should have their 
condemnation. There is no room on the fence for a 
Christian. I have spoken of this one school because it 
is the one I am attending at present, but the same prin- 
ciple applies to all. If they are " of God," God should 
rule them, and God's people should support them. If 
not, they should be destroyed. But let every man be. 
as slow to tear down God's work as he is to begin the 
devil's. Truly, God's people have many interests for 
which they should pray. 

The Church of the Brethren has a mission in the 
world. It has learned some things that the world 
should know, that the world needs right now. God 
has not had this people in reserve all these years fr:r 
nothing. We can see what others, even the best of 
churches, lack, and what they are not doing. That 
means that we have God's message for them. But it 
will be very hard to reach them ; we feel too weak for 
the task. What shall we do? Shall we cover our lamp 
with a bushel, keeping it all to ourselves, or shall we 
set it upon a candlestick, to give light to all in the 
house? It all depends on who is doing it, — the church 
or the Lord. If we work by ourselves, our efforts will 
fail, but if God is in us, to will and to do of his good 
pleasure, the world cannot stand against us. The 
church, as a whole, has no more right to fear than 
have I, as an individual; but neither is the church it- 
self all-sufficient. It, too, must know God's will before_ 
it moves ; then it must move by his power. Undoubted- 
ly the greatest fact for the church-, today, is the abiding 
presence of the Spirit of God, to begin; to guide, and 
to support, the work of Godwin and through us. Let 
everyone pray for his fulness; then commit everything 
to him ! 

Bethany Bible School, Chicago. 

depends primarily upon the conditions of the soul, or 
mind. This is also evidenced by the apostle James in 
the holy ordinance of anointing the sick with oil in the 
name of the Lord. A healthy mind leads to a healthy 
body, or tends that way. 

We shall soon have, therefore, not simply physiol- 
ogy, not' simply psychology ; but instead of the two 
only one study — physio-psychology or psycho-physics. 

We have, therefore, discovered that all sciences — 
that all truths of terrestrial interest — center most 
largely in man, or, what is better, in the child. There 
is more possibility in the child than in the man. 

Child study — scientific child study — is, and is to be, 
the greatest theme of the twentieth century. 

Know the child properly, train the child properly, 
and we shall have a veritable and glorious Utopia. 

If the knowledge and training of the child are the 
greatest in all human endeavor, there should be more 
money invested in child study and child training than 
in any other department of activity. It follows, as 
logically and surely as the day follows the night, that 
money and energy and time, invested in true educa- 
tion, will yield the richest and ripest and rarest fruit- 

Estheticism; industrialism; language; logic, in all 
its applications, simple and complex, common and 
technical; sympathetic faith and confidence; true con- 
duct or ethics; reverence and worship; these should 
be coordinated and correlated and developed in the 
proper scheme erf education. The .constitution of the 
child, clearly and necessarily, demands the develop- 
ment of all these differentiating elements of the child 

The solution of the education problem is found, and 
must be found, in the nature and character of the 
child. The furtherance of human science, also, will 
show still more clearly the Divinity of the Holy Scrip- 
tures. Our blessed Christianity is able to endure all 
the test that the light of true science can radiate. Sci- 
ence—true, W ell grounded and well-established science 
—is the handmaiden of Christianity. 

Hebron Seminary, Nokesville, Va. 

How Solve the Education Problem? 


A great deal of thought has been put upon the so- 
lution of the education problem. Its solution will 
never be completed until our knowledge of the human 
mind and the human body is complete. 

The education problem is solvable only upon a com- 
plete understanding of man. The solution of. the edu- 
cation problem, therefore, is and must be found in the 
• constitution of the child. 

The study of the human being, therefore, is the 
highest possible study for us to grapple with. 

God's understanding of the human being led him to 
plan the scheme of redemption. God's knowledge of 
man led him to give us the Book of Revelations, — the 

We once studied the body as a distinct science; also, 
we once studied the mind as a distinct science. Now 
we think we cannot study either without the other. 
This is the high water mark of modern psychic sci- 
ence ; but the Savior understood it perfectly, as evi- 
denced by the fact of his statement to the palsied man, 
" Thy sins be forgiven thee," thus showing that health 

The Baptismal Question. 


In a recent number of the Messenger, Bro. John E. 
Miller, of Mt. Morris, Ilh, gives us a good article on . 
the question of trine immersion having been the apos- 
tolic mode of baptism, and not single immersion, as it 
is claimed by our single immersion advocates. Bro. 
Miller quotes from Dr. Cathcart's work, " The Bap- 
tism of the Ages," and then discusses the question from . 
both a biblical and historical standpoint." 

Having had some correspondence with Dr. Cathcart- 
on the subject of the Apostolic practice of baptism, 
soon after he had issued his " Baptism of the Ages," 
about thirty years ago, we will give-his first letter to 
us in full, word for word, with some remarks by us, 
and the reader can draw his own conclusions, as to the 
merit of the argument in the case. The following is 
the letter: 

" I was pleased to receive your letter. Nothing I said 
was designed to unsettle your convictions or practice. 
I was brought up a rigid Presbyterian, and my present 
opinions are the result of a hard fight against the truth. 
The baptismal question, with me, has been the study of 
many years, and I have published a little work called, 
'The Baptism of the Ages,' designed to show that im- 
mersion was the mode of baptism observed all over 
Christendom for twelve hundred years. This work I 
shall be pleased to loan you, if you would care to have 
it. Without giving any reasons for my opinion, at your 
request I frankly state there is not a tittle of evidence 
for trine immersion before the end of the second cen- 
tury. After that period the testimony is overwhelming 
that it alone was the recognized baptism of Christendom, 
though in Spain, for a time and for special reasons, one 
immersion was tolerated. There is nothing in the Scrip- 
tures which TO ME looks like trine immersion. You 
know that if the first two links of a chain of eighteen 
rings, are absent, — the links that fasten it to the Great 
Teacher,— it is a very unfortunate deficiency. And at the 
end of the second century, baptism for the remission of 
sins was in nearly as full blast as it is in the Catholic 
church today. That the Greek word ' baptism ' means 
immersion, and that THAT was the mode of Christ and 
his apostles, is beyond all doubt. 

" Very truly yours, 

"William Cathcart." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


We have given in full, word for word, Dr. Cathcart's 
letter to us on the question of baptism, so that it might 
not appear that we have tried' to put the doctor in a 
false light on the subject in question. The author of 
the " Baptism of the Ages," Dr Cathcart, is the ac- 
knowledged authority in the Baptist church on the 
baptismal question. This fact we would not for a 
single minute try to dispute. Both as a scholar and 
historian he is known and quoted far and wide. But 
Dr. Cathcart evidently makes a logical and historical 
blunder when he says in his letter to us : " Without 
giving any reasons for my opinions, at your request, 
1 frankly state there is not a tittle of evidence for trine 
immersion before the end of the second century : After 
that period the testimony is overwhelming that it alone 
was the recognized baptism of Christendom." The 
same statement- is also made on the fifteenth page of 
his book, " Baptism of the Ages." 

The point we tried to make on the doctor, in our 
correspondence with him on the question in dispute, 
was this : Admitting for argument's sake, that single 
immersion was the Apostolic mode of baptism, how 
could it be possible, at the end of the second,— mark 
the language, the end of the second century, — for trine 
immersion already to have been the universal practice 
of all Christendom, excepting a few cases in Spain? 
The idea is preposterous, to say the least, and neither 
the doctor, nor even the Baptist church, can success- 
fully and satisfactorily answer the question with their 
present form of single immersion for the Apostolic 
mode of baptism. 

The fact remains that if trine immersion was the 
recognized baptism of Christendom at the end of the 
second century, as Dr. Cathcart admits in his letter to 
us, as given above, and in his history as well, then trine 
immersion, and not single immersion, must have been 
the Apostolic mode and practice of baptism, for it is 
not in the least reasonable to suppose that single im- 
mersion, especially if it was practiced by the apostles 
and the early church, could so soon have died out, that, 
at the end of the second century, trine immersion 
already was the universal practice of all Christendom. 
We must again say that the idea is preposterous, and 
betrays both a logical and a historical dilemma, from 
which Dr. Cathcart and the Baptist church cannot ex- 
tricate themselves. 

If the admission, that trine immersion was the uni- 
versal practice of all Christendom at the end of the 
second century, the few cases of Spain excepted, 
means anything, it means that trine immersion, and not 
single immersion, was the practice of baptism by the 
apostles and the early church. Such, and such only, 
can be the plain inference of history and the teaching 
of the Word of God on the question. Brethren, it is 
not our purpose, in this article, to discuss the question 
of baptism. We do want to say this, however, that the 
position of the Church of the Brethren on the baptis- 
mal question, that of trine immersion having been the 
Apostolic mode, is as invulnerable as the Rock of Ages. 
2541 W. Lehigh Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Sentimental and Fundamental Christianity. 

In Two Parts.— Part Two. 

Having seen that sentimental Christianity is mainly 
made up of special selections of the New Testament, 
and that the omissions are set aside as nonessential, to 
be covered by a so-called charity, there remains for 
the people of God the fundamental kind, the real prac- 
tical, with the seal of Jehovah upon it. And it is the 
history of God's religion that the multitude, by inter- 
mixture of the true and false, of the evil and the good, 
introduced what is called great enlightenment, but 
which, in fact, proves to be destructive elements. De- 
lusions are clothed in white raiment and robes of pass- 
able righteousness in human minds, but they are de- 
lusions all the same. 

Fundamental Christianity recognizes all the divine 
principles recognized by sentimental Christianity, and, 
in addition to these, all the divine principles left out of 
sentimental Christianity. It is the omissions by senti- 
mentalism which sets it out as destructive, and as be- 
ing in alliance with the chaotic, moral and spiritual 
forces running over human kind. 

The delusion is that sentimental Christianity is the 
genuine kind, though it cuts out trine immersion ( Matt. 
28: 19), sets aside genuine repentance, the new con- 
duct which requires the correction of former defects 
in life, the change which ends in the abandonment of 
every vestige of " Oldism," and full and free transfer 
into " Otherism." 

Fundamental Christianity embraces, takes hold of, 
and holds to, actual feet-washing, the ought of John 
13 : 14, which " refers to the obligation (W actually im- 
posed." Sentimental Christianity pushes this out of 
its practices, because the leaders will not have it. But 
God will catch them. 

Fundamental Christianity cherishes the atonement, 
the faith of Jesus, the resurrection, the peace principles 
of Matt. 18: 15-17, the Holy Ghost baptism, nonswear- 
ing, nonconformity to the world, nonresistance, the 
holy kiss, the feeding, clothing, sheltering of the poor, 
the holy compact of marriage, the doctrines of meek- 
ness and modesty, the graces and gifts of obedience. 
In short, fundamental Christianity cuts out none of 
the duties, obligations, commandments and greater 
services of Jesus. It goes the two miles of good 
measure, rather than hang its claims upon mere duty. 
The " cutting-out process " has brought coldness, 
haughtiness, pride, division, caste, disobedience, lack of 
pure conscience, and a long train of evils which are 
cankerous in their workings. Sentimental Christianity 
asks all to bid it " good cheer," — to unite with its 
motleyism and set aside many of the absolute fun- 
damentals of presentation of the " one body " of Christ. 
What will the Church of the Brethren do? Will 
she hold to all the fundamentals of the one foundation, 
the one structure, and the one preservation as the 
habitation of God through the Spirit ? Or will many 
of her members mix with sentimental Christianity until 
they are wholly absorbed in cutting out the unchange- 
able practices? The narrowest mind one can have, is 
to cut out any or many fundamental principles. The 
men and women who are at the top with God are 
usually considered at the bottom by sentimentalists. It 
does make a difference who pronounces you up or 
down, broad-minded or narrow-headed. O how God 
does reverse human conclusions! The elimination of 
some of God's truths seems a light matter to the big 
crowd; but it is a matter of eternal joys or eternal 
woes. These peace, peace vociferations when, on all 
sides, many fundamental principles are entirely ignored 
may entrap some, but not all. God will have a people, a 
sealed, accepted people. It all depends upon the villi, 
as to who will be alive in the fundamentals. One may 
pick out, here and there, a few things, and call the pick- 
ings fundamentals, and set aside what he wants to cut 
out of his practice, but who dares to face God and say, 
that the prohibition of jewelry upon the body of man 
is not a fundamental ? If it affects the soul unfavor- 
ably, then it becomes a prohibitory fundamental, and 
all heaven is enlisted to defend it for God. To put it 
into the flag of heaven when God left it out, is an 
assumption,— high-handed arrogance. Just so in any 
divine principle. Each is essential, each has its place 
in saving men and women. Our people are not in- 
clined to be engulfed in sentimental Christianity. 
120? Manitou Ave., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bible Study. 


At this time, when " Special Bible Terms " are in 
progress at some of our school centres, and others are 
about to open, it is well to pause for a moment and ask, 
What is and what should be the attitude of our people 
toward Bible study and Biblical interpretation ? 

I think we may safely say that our people, as a body, 
are a Bible-loving people. We love to read anil study 
our Bibles. With this love of reading and study, there 
should be intelligence and the interpretative spirit. 

I think we are safe in saying that in the past there 
has been entirely too much guess work and speculation 
in handling the Bible. This has been because there 
has been lacking a historic-perspective or historical 
background. During the past two decades, the point 
of view of Bible study and Biblical interpretation has 
materially changed. Historical and literary criticism 
have resurrected the Bible, and made it a new, prac- 

tical, everyday and up-to-date book. A book of the 
Bible can no longer be studied at random, by the hit or 
miss method. Among the first and fundamental ques- 
tions to ascertain, in taking up any book of the Old or 
New Testament, are the following: When, where, by 
whom, and for what purpose was this book written? 
These questions having once been settled, a very large 
per cent of the exegesis and difficulties are solved. 

To aid our people, and especially our ministers, in 
the great and important work of Biblical interpretation, 
and in preaching and teaching the truth, Bible Schools 
and Bible courses were established at our schools and 
colleges. Short Bible Institutes, of about two weeks 
in length, have also been introduced. These provisions 
are all the more important when we come to know, as 
we surely must know, that we are in the midst of an 
entirely new Sunday-school pedagogy. We should face 
the faot, — because it is a fact, — that the day for the 
untrained and unqualified Sunday-school teacher has 
about passed. We are in a new era of Sunday-school 
work. Let us not close our eyes to this fact. 

The recently introduced " Adult Bible Class move- 
ment " is of far-reaching and important significance. 
The men and the women of these classes, while they 
are not, for the most part, of the so-called educated, 
have little use for pretense, cant and insincerity. They 
have a right to expect honesty and not policy on the 
part of the teacher. They are interested in present- 
day problems, in so-called new thought, new things. 
They have a right to expect an honest and sincere 
answer to their questions and difficulties. Dealing 
fairly is the only way to command their respect. As 
ministers, we sometimes lament our small congrega- 
tions and almost empty churches. Is it not a fact, that 
these men and women of the adult Bible classes failed 
to get the teaching they need from the pulpit? Con- 
sequently they are turning to an intelligent study "i 
the Word. Should not the ministers pause and 
seriously consider this problem? 

It is certainly unpedagogical, if not unscriptural, to 
suggest, that if a person has a new truth or a new 
thought, that truth and thought should not be ex- 
pressed nor taught. New truth and new thought are 
about the only things that save from lethargy, stagna- 
tion and atrophy. 

Again ; some may say, Our young men preach dif- 
ferently and teach differently, after they have taken 
a course of Bible study. Indeed, it would be unfortu- 
nate if it were not so. They should teach and preach 
much better than they did before their special prepara- 
tion. To have them teach and preach differently, 
should be the aim of every true and consecrated teach- 
er. The true teacher knows the danger of teaching 
things today that must be unlearned tonlororw. He 
must be an honest and self-respecting man. given 
neither to flattery nor deception. 

The great question in education is not, " What does 
the child want?" but. "What does the child need?" 
We are all children o'f a larger or smaller growth. 
Easy methods, short cuts, superficiality, may he the 
things wanted; they are not the things needed. Such 
methods never have and never can prepare men and 
women to do the Lord's work in the world. There is 
but one method, viz., " Study to show thyself approved 
unto God." 

One thing, greatly to he deplored today, is the seem- 
ing indifference and self-satisfaction of many ministers 
relative to their work as moral teachers and prophets 
of God. It seems to be about the same as saying. " The 
sickle and hand-rake were good enough for father and 
grandfather, therefore they are good enough for me." 
Such a farmer would doubtless soon go to the wall. A 
farmer, to succeed to day, must use up-to-date machin- 
ery and up-to-date methods. Can we not wake up to 
the spirit of the age in which we are living in spiritual 
things? Do' we not know that people are demanding 
greater and better things from the men who fill our 
pulpits than at any former period? 

We are sometimes made to wonder and question a 
little, whether the suggestions and criticisms made, 
relative to the new thought, new ideas, changed 
methods new learning, etc.. are friendly and brotherly 
suggestions and criticisms, or whether there might not 
be lurking about somewhere, a large amount of jeal- 
ousy and selfishness, for which some excuse is being 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1910. 

sought. The unprepared and incompetent surely should 
not attempt to block the wheels of progress. 

Finally, I make a plea for a more devoted, con- 
secrated and prayerful study of the Word of God. " If 
the truth shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed." 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

A Beautiful Life. 


A young lady recently died in our town, who, until 
the very hour of her death, manifested much concern 
for her church and its future prosperity. It was only 
a strange coincident that her sweet young life should 
go out just as the silvery peals of the church bell, 
immediately across the street, were calling the people 
to Sunday evening services. She had been organist 
there for years, and at other times this was a welcome 
sound. Not so now, for her chiefest ambition had 
been to serve her people; and this but seemed her 
funeral dirge. 

At her request the bells in both the near by steeples 
were immediately hushed to silence. Calmly she then 
fell asleep into that dreamless slumber which knows no 
earthly waking. The Bible had always been a dear 
book to her, and often she had denied herself of so- 
ciety's flattering charms to hide herself away in the 
more comforting realities of the Christ-life. 

When she became too feeble longer to support the 
weight of the Sacred Volume, she counted it neither 
sacrilege nor desecration to tear leaf after leaf from 
this precious treasure-trove, and meditate upon their 
heaven-to-earth messages. She was not one of my 
parishioners ; but had she been, there is nothing that 
I could add that would more fully describe a noble 
life, except that we worshiped at different altars and 
were guided by different creeds. 

A conscientious, self-denying consecration to the 
cause we love is more than priestly sacrifice and whole 
burnt-offerings. For a young man or woman to live 
eight or ten years beyond the average marriageable 
age, a favorite in society circles, and yet a pillar in the 
church, is far beyond the ordinary ; and, yet, no more 
than Christ accepts as a full measure of loyalty and 

By reference to " society circles " it is not to be 
understood that a follower of the meek and lowly 
Lamb of God is permitted to acquire popularity by 
indulging in popular pastimes; for no one can lead 
another farther than he, himself, has gone; neither 
is it possible to lead both ways at the same time. A 
sure spiritual gauge is the foremost desire of the heart. 
Among earth's stacks of literature, what book or paper 
is most precious? Among all the different gatherings, 
which kind is most attractive? The Bible teaches us 
that where our treasures are, there wall the heart be 

Early in life should we cultivate a love for that which 
will leave no bitter pangs of remorse and regrets as 
the shadows are lengthening and the sound of the 
boatman's oars is heard on the farther shore. 

Whatever we do for Christ and our fellowmen that 
illuminates and beautifies our surroundings, is taken 
up as golden threads, by angel hands, and fastened to 
the throne of God, and, ever and anon, along this spir- 
itual telegraph line, come the silent whisperings of a 
Father's approval and the inward assurance of peace 
and joy. 

What a satisfaction to contemplate his final benedic- 
tion : "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto the least of 
these, my brethren, ye have done it unto met" At our 
Christmas entertainment it seemed but a trifle, at first 
thought, to see so many of our young sisters arrayed 
in spotless white and wearing upon their heads neat, 
white prayer veils in recognition of the angels. 

The young ladies who trained them for this special 
occasion deserve much credit, but back of it all, was 
a faithful Christian mother who taught them the ever- 
abiding principle that to be ashamed of the Gospel 
was to lose the favor of God and the society of angels, 
whose holy lives they were trying to imitate. 

If our young people could only realize what an in- 
fluence they are capable of wielding, there would be a 
reformation in the Brethren church, such as neither 
admonition nor discipline could accomplish. But, after 

all, are they not doing as much, according to their 
ability, as the older members? Their sphere is cir- 
cumscribed, while ours is limitless. They are babes : 
we are the ones who are expected to feed them. 

Let the older members get busy, and by the time 
house-cleaning has fairly begun, the younger ones will 
fall into line. 

Flora, hid. , » , 

Aggressive Work for Peace. 


Our church has ever been an advocate of peace. 
From the very first our Brethren were not slow in 
voicing a protest against the sin of militarism, and for 
this and other reasons were held in derision and oft- 
times suffered severe persecutions for their decided 
stand. Like Paul, they not only spoke with power to 
those in authority, but they courted such opportunities. 
Not only when upon their knees did they pray for 
kings and rulers, but they boldly proclaimed to them 
the teaching of the Master on the subject of war. Eld. 
John Kline and others did not fail to write to the law- 
makers, praying for peace, whenever opportunity was 
presented, and through these means laws favorable to 
the Brethren were enacted. 

During the Civil War, when many of our Brethren 
and others, holding similar views, were imprisoned for 
refusing to take up arms, many petitions were sent 
to those in authority, asking that these prisoners 
might be released. This was all legitimate. But of 
late years we have been somewhat negligent in setting 
forth the views of the New Testament on the subject 
of war. Very few protests from either individuals or 
the church have been voiced and all the while the war 
spirit is' growing. In 1898 the military appropriations 
for the United States Government were $55,241,742- 
.75. In 1906, eight years later, the appropriations 
were as follows: 

Army appropriations $ 71,817,165.08 

Military Academy, 1,664,707.67 

Naval appropriations 102,091,670.27 

Pension appropriations, 140,245,500.00 

Total $315,879,043.02 

The figures just quoted do not include the interest 
on the. war debt, which brought the grand total for 
the fiscal year, ending June 30, 1906, to the enormous 
sum of $359,000,000. Our nearest competitor in this 
wild race for military supremacy was Geat Britain, 
with Russia and Germany following. Our standing 
army is increasing in proportion. Is it not time that 
an earnest protest against this monstrous evil go up 
by every member of the Brethren church? To write 
your congressman or senator, and declare your op- 
position to such sinfulness, is not only an opportunity, 
but in a republic, such as ours, where public sentiment 
is supposed to rule, it becomes a duty. 

Why should we wait until the nation is embroiled 
in war before registering a protest? The final result 
of the competition among the nations, to excel in mili- 
tary strength, is war, for " the nation well prepared 
to be offended will readily find offense." Let the 
Church of the Brethren be a live factor in nations re- 
ducing their armaments and they will soon see the 
■folly of carnal weapons altogether. 

//05 M / abash Street, Wichita, Kans. 

The Making of a Life. 


It is a familiar saying that life is what we make it. 
The poet Longfellow says : " All are architects of fate, 
working in these walls of time." The pivots on which 
human destiny turns, are heredity, environment, and 
volition. The preceding statements recognize that 
man is a free moral agent, — the product of his choices 
and decisions largely. Heredity is the fundamental 
factor in the process of making a life. It is the capital 
which ancestry bestows upon us, with which to begin 
life. Heredity is the opportunity of blood. .It is a 
heritage to be begotten of a noble ancestry. What are 
we doing to pass this legacy to future generations, im- 
proved and enriched ? 

While heredity is, in reality, the result of the race's 
environment, at birth our present environment be- 

gins at once to influence our lives for better or for 
worse. During infancy and childhood the individual 
is largely the slave of his environment. His attitude 
to the environment is chiefly passive. Through the 
windows of the soul, — the senses, — countless impres- 
sions are made upon the life, and these constitute the 
elements of knowledge, and are the necessary ante- 
cedents to mental development and to action, which is 
essential to all training. The instincts are the bases 
of his evolution and the starting points of his educa- 
tion. Imitation, curiosity, sociability, and habit are 
great forces and factors in molding the developing life. 
The home and the school must cooperate to the end 
that in the formative period of life the child will derive 
the greatest possible benefit for his future well-being 
from an ideal environment both physical and social. 

As the latent powers of the child unfold, he begins 
to realize his ability to do things. His spontaneous acts 
are gradually changed into voluntary acts. Flis sub- 
sequent activities are largely to continue in the paths 
marked out for him in youth, through the ideals im- 
planted and the habits acquired. As he matures, phy- 
sically and mentally, he realizes his ability to take care 
of himself and he passes through a period of transition 
from a life of dependence in the home to a life of inde- 
pendence in society. He now begins to realize what it 
means to make a living. 

There is a vast difference, however, between the 
making of a living and the making of a life. The 
former lays chief emphasis on the material things of 
life. Its concern is for the food we eat, the clothing 
we wear, the houses we live in, and the material posses- 
sions which we call wealth. The latter includes all 
this, but in a secondary way, while the chief emphasis 
is laid upon the spiritual side of life. 

In the making of a life the making of a living cannot 
be ignored.. An occupation must be chosen. Every 
honorable and worthy life must have a daily pursuit. 
And no individual, no matter how wealthy, should be 
without a trade or profession which should be his call- 
ing or vocation. Every normal person has gifts and 
talents which, if developed, and trained, qualify him 
to pursue some business better than any other. Too 
many people are failures because ignorant of their 
calling. Some peevish parent's whimsical fancy was 
thrust upon them in the form of an occupation which 
has made life bitter for them. How many great men 
experimented with their life work and frittered away 
the best years of their life until they found their calling 
in life! Conspicuous examples are Pestalozzi, Schiller, 
Goethe, Froebel. Even Jesus Christ was not without 
an occupation. He followed the carpenter's trade 
until he entered upon his Divine Mission, the Messiah- 

Having found one's calling, wisdom dictates that a 
certain degree of preparation be made to attain effi- 
ciency in it. No matter how rich the gifts of nature 
one possesses, to pursue his calling, this natural_capac- 
ity may be much improved by the proper effort, at 
the proper time, under skillful guidance of a master 
artist. Here we enter the realm and function of educa- 
tion. The cry on every hand today is education for 
vocation. Modern business activity abounds with sharp 
competition. Only a skillful hand, a developed body, 
and a cultured mind can hope to stand any show of 
obtaining and holding the many honorable positions in 
the world to-day. 

There are three degrees of proficiency to be attained 
in any calling: First is the stage of apprenticeship. 
This is the time we are learning either by doing as 
our master does, or learning the theory from textbook 
and teacher. After a few years of diligent application, 
we are able to enter upon the stage called journeyman- 
ship. We still work under a boss, but we practice our 
vocation and seek, by perfecting our skill, to be a 
master. This is the last stage and is not attained by 
every tradesman or professional man. The master 
gives directions. He organizes the forces in his 
employ, plans the great projects of industrial, educa- 
tional, political and religious life and is the chief factor 
in the world's progress. Study the great masters of 
your trade or profession for inspiration, self-improve- 
ment and self-mastery. 

But worthy as is the ambition of any individual, to 
be a master workman, or to be a master artist, yet true 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


greatness and success in life do not consist merely in 
great attainments in skill of hand, tongue, or brain. 
The making of a great life consists in the formation 
of a Christian character. 

" For the structure that we raise. 
Time, is with materials filled. 
Our todays and yesterdays, 

Are the blocks with which we build." 

The warp of life consists of forming a correct notion 
of life, — an intellectual process. The woof of life is 
the activities, put forth in the attainment of the desired. 
en d, — a volitional process. 

The leading institutions of society that educate are 
the home, the school, civil society, the State, and the 
church. No great life is made without the help and 
influence of these institutions of civilization. Every 
life in the making will be more or less molded and 
fashioned by either the purity or the corijiption of the 
institutional life which so largely constitutes its social 
environment. ■* 

I shall briefly name five important steps in the pro- 
cess of every life in its making. 

First, the fixing of a purpose or ideal. " Unless 
above himself he can exalt himself, how mean a thing 
is man !" Man only can have a desire to be different 
from what he is. Man only, by his imagination, can 
think to be different from what he is. He only pos- 
sesses conscious ideals. Every great man or woman 
was so because his whole life was actuated by a high 
and noble ideal. Jesus Christ has given humanity the 
ideal of a manhood consecrated to the service of God 
and humanity. 

Second, the cherishing of an interest. Every great 
life has a dominant interest. " Faith in something and 
enthusiasm for something makes life worth living." 
This, on the material side of life, is a vocation. But 
whatever one's earthly interests may be, there are 
higher interests which pertain to the soul's welfare 
that cannot be neglected. We may teach school or 
cobble shoes to meet expenses, but our business in the 
world ought to be that of our Master, our Heavenly 
Father, who wills that not one soul should perish but 
that all should come to the Truth and live. 

Third, the making of an effort. Life always means 
a change, a- struggle. The ideal must be realized. 
Work must be done. Leadership is required. We are 
coworkers with God in the salvation of the human 
family. Strength is born of struggle. Temptations 
must be overcome. Difficulties must be surmounted. 
Evil within and without must be conquered. The life 
that is great in God's sight is the overcoming, victo- 
rious, triumphant soul. 

Fourth, the formation of correct habits. All action 
results in a tendency to repeat itself more easily. Habit 
is formed. " A habit is a cable ; we weave a thread of 
it every day until at last we cannot break it." Habits 
are formed in youth. In habit, our voluntary acts 
are stored up, so to say, and forever recorded in 
our lives. Good physical, intellectual, and moral habits 
are essential elements in every good and gerat life. 

Fifth, the building of a character. This is the re- 
sult of the former processes. It is the making of a 
record in the Book of Life which some day will be 
opened for approval or disapproval by God. The 
vital question remains : As the years are rolling over 
our heads, what sort of lives are we making? Wdl 
they stand the test of our Maker? What will be the 
destiny of the life you are making? 
Elisabethtown, Pa. 

The widow's response to every petition and supplica- 
tion would be, " Potatoes." When he asked for bless- 
ings, she said, " Potatoes." The deacon told God that, 
inasmuch as he heard the young ravens when they cry, 
he should not forget the children and the widow, but 
stilt she said, " Potatoes." 

And so, as he grew warm in the enthusiasm of his 
devotions, she still continued to say, " Potatoes." The 
deacon's soul swelled at the thought of having per- 
formed his duty, but he was just a little annoyed with 
the frequent interruption of " Potatoes." 

After prayer he bade her good-bye and left her 
case in the hands of God to answer his prayer. And 
he did. 

That night the deacon could not sleep. " Potatoes " 
rang in his .ears and weighed heavily upon his soul. 
As he tossed on his bed the " potatoes " grew heavier. 
In his sleeplessness a number of scripture texts were 
brought to "his remembrance." One was: "If a 
brother or sister be naked, and destitute »f daily food, 
and one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye 
wanned and filled ; notwithstanding ye give them not 
those things which are needful to the body ; what doth 
it profit ?" And another was : "He that rurneth away 
his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be 
an abomination." 

In the morning he filled a sack with " potatoes " and 
delivered them to the widow. Then her heart was 
filled with gratitude, her home with comfort, and the 
deacon's heart with joy and peace. He learned that 
there are different ways of praying, or, rather, dif- 
ferent ways of answering prayers, and that there are 
times and circumstances under which " potatoes " are 
better than words, and that words without " potatoes," 
when they may readily be furnished, have no force 
with God or man. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Potato Prayers. 


There is a story told of a very poor widow who was 
sick. A good deacon, moved by the true Christian 
spirit, desired to show his " pure and undefiled relig- 
ion " by "visiting the widows in their afflictions." 
Accordingly he called upon the poor widow, and, 
while with her, read from the Holy Book God's gra- 
cious promises to the widow and fatherless. He ex- 
horted her to lean upon God's strong arm, and to lay 
hold upon his comforting promises. Then, by her bed- 
side, in beseeching tones, he asked the gracious Father 
above to remember his promises and be merciful at the 
voice of her cry. - 

Opportune Service. 


To fulfill the purpose of our creation, we must carry 
out God's intentions concerning us, which never stops 
short of the best we can make of ourselves, and which 
is only harmonious with the highest aspirations and 
strict obedience to the promptings of the Holy Spirit, 
carried into actuality by a heart that is single to the 
glory of God. 

In the rendering of our service to our Creator there 
is an opportune time for every act, every effort, every 
duty, and this is never at conflict with God's purpose 
and promptings. Thus it is that we perceive, that a life 
given over to God's guidance is sure to be a life of 
paramount success. Thus, too, we can make our 
opportunities, as much as our opportunities make us. 

The highest possible attainment of a life at present. 

now, — is the performance of the duty at hand. The 

performance of this duty opens the door of opportun- 
ity, and paves the way to new and higher duties which, 
but for the " little things " accomplished, could not and 
would not be opportune to us. Thus we must grow 
into our opportunities and hereby do we determine our 

Margaret Fuller realized this when she said, " Very 
early I perceived that the duty of life is to grow." The 
parable of the pounds teaches us that we, to a great 
extent, determine our opportunities. The parable of 
the talents also verifies this. Life and opportunity open 
before us as we proceed to do the things that we can, 
for whenever we do what we can, we immediately can 
do more. Thus : 

" Heaven is not gained by a single bound." 

No great service is accomplished by a single tremen- 
dous effort toward that which is not ripe for our accom- 
plishment or, rather, for the accomplishment of which 
we are not ripe, for then the opportune time is not 
here. We have not opened the door of opportunity. 
Moreover, there is no such word as fail, nor has the 
word a place in the service of God. The promptings 
do not come at a time when, if heeded, failure can be 
possible. However, there may be times when this 
opportune time, as determined by these promptings, 
does not seem at all opportune. It may be that appar- 
ent difficulties seem to make impossible the accomplish- 
ment of the duty. Rightly considered and met, these 

only tend to strengthen us and make it possible, in the 
overcoming of them, more fully to serve our purpose, 
as found in this duty. 

It is possible for us to be as great as our opportun- 
ities. I believe in a divine influence and an ever-pres- 
ent God, whom we can trust and from whom we can 
receive inspiration and strength, which lifts us above 
and beyond the difficulties that otherwise would so 
easily beset us. Paul says, " If any man draw back, 
my soul shall have no pleasure in him." We must con- 
quer the difficulties and thus enlarge our possibilities 
and strengthen our power. 

In true service the influence of circumstances can 
only shape our career as they pertain to our duty. We 
can control these circumstances and direct the course 
of our life by opportune action. Many men, known by 
us to have been foremost in power and influence, have 
done this. They have opened the door of opportunity 
by doing the nearest duty, or, in other words, the 
opportune duty. It is in this way that the power of 
self-improvement is developed. This talent, confided 
to us by God, finds its development in the obedience 
to the promptings of his Spirit. 

To many people God has given all means and oppor- 
tunities that, with no more effort than putting forth 
the hand, they could make noble efforts to enhance his 
glory, but they will not. On the other hand, were 
some duty given to such, which required much effort, 
how much less likely would they he disposed to do it, 
and how illy prepared are such to undertake this press- 
ing duty ! The secret of success in God's service is to do 
what is at hand, for this is the ripe and opportune duty, 
be it small or great. 

We are not to be ashamed of the small duties, neither 
are we to become so narrow as to confine ourselves to 
the performance of these alone, for Divine Guidance 
does not direct this way. As we are prepared for new 
and higher duties, the promptings of the Spirit will 
point them out to us. 

I believe that it is divinely appointed that we should 
thus develop our powers. Christ teaches us to improve 
or lose: " For unto every one that hath shall he given 
and he shall have abundance : but from him that hath 
not shall be taken away even that which he hath." 

Jesus frequently emphasized the small duties, — not 
that we become narrow in the performance of them 
solely, — but that we use them as opening the way into 
a higher and nobler life and duty. " Today is the day 
of salvation,"— do now the duty at hand and tomor- 
row's duty will see its performance with a willing heart 
and ready hand. At the close of well-performed ser- 
vice the Master can say. " She hath done what she 
could." Begin to do and God will take the responsi- 
bilities for the result. 

" I slept, and dreamed that Life was Beauty; 
t woke, and found that Life was Duty." 
Jackson Center, Ohio. 


On the evening of Dec. 24 wc enjoyed a Christmas en 
tertainment at the church, nearly all of the Sunday-school 
children and their parents being present. Sunday after- 
noon following we had a short volunteer program at our 
West Side school, in commemoration of the birth of our 
Savior, after which a treat (furnished and prepared by 
Bro. H. F. Caylor) was served to each of the children. 

On Christmas Day a good brother and sister distributed 
eatables to several poor families. 

The last day of the old year was spent in an unusual 
manner, for some of us. While some of our workers gave 
out clothing to the poor, others took out provisions to a 
number of the very poorest families, for their New Year's 
dinner. New Year's Day we attended a very impressive 
service at the W. C. T. U. Mission. 

On fhc evening of Dec. 28 the members met at the home 
of our aged Bro. Love, each one taking a little gift. We 
then enjoyed a little program, appropriate for the occasion. 

The following evening (the 29th) we met at the bom, 
our aged B.o. Weidman each one presenting him a little 
gift This meeting was to be entirely informal. On Sun- 
day, Jan. 2, Bro. Coler, of Northeastern Colorado, preached. 

Wc are very thankful for the donations of money re- 
ceived to help feed the poor, and for the sacks of clothing 
received. We hope that others may soon be ready to send 
clothing In answer to inquiries wc will here state that 
we can use almost anything, but the things in greatest 
demand are underwear, shoes and bedding. Please re- 
member to send all clothing to Ina M. Stotts. 2604 W. 
Ninth Avenue. 

Denver, Colo. 


. Jan. 4. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


The Lack of Sacrifice. 


I have in mind a denomination which, in point of 
age, is not half as old as the Church of the Brethren, 
yet they outnumber us ten to one. A comparison of 
relative strength shows that they receive into fellow- 
ship twenty, while we receive but one. Why this dif- 
ference ? They teach that a sinner must believe, repent 
and be baptized for the remission of sins. As far as 
they go, they preach just like the ministers of the 
Church of the Brethren. There is certainly a reason 
why they, as well as other denominations, receive so 
many more members than we do. In my opinion the 
reason is found in the word " sacrifice." 

Once a lady said to the writer, " I would join your 
church if you would allow me to dress in the style." 
She was familiar with the fact that the Church of the 
Brethren required her members to conform to the 
simplicity of the Gospel. ■ The young man knows that, 
to enjoy fellowship in the Church of the Brethren, he 
must renounce the lodge. The young lady must give 
up fashions. 

This sacrifice is not required by the popular de- 
nominations. With them style and vanity are not pro- 
hibited. The preacher himself wears the badge of the 
secret orders. He is not familiar with the text, " Be 
not conformed to this world." He never mentions feet- 
washing, the holy kiss, the prayer covering, and other 
commands that require a sacrifice. 

This is the true reason why twenty enter at one door, 
and only one at another. The broad road requires no 
sacrifice, but the " narrow way," which leads to the 
Celestial City, is for the disciples of Jesus who deny 
themselves, they take up their cross and follow him 

What good will church membership do us without 
discipleship? The apostle teaches that we should pre- 
sent our bodies a living sacrifice and that we should 
glorify God in our bodies. Can this be done, while, 
at the same time, we use our bodies to exhibit the sin- 
ful lusts of the eye and the pride of life ? Church mem- 
bership will avail us nothing without living a life of 
sacrifice, separate from the world. 

Elk City, Ohio. 

muse over past blessings until you fall asleep. Some 
day you will drift away from earthly scenes to the 
" Great Beyond." 
Muscatine, Iowa. 

Winter and Old Age. 


Swiftly and thickly, as fall the snowflakes upon 
the earth, so the years of age settle upon the life of 
man. As one by one the snowflakes fall, covering the 
earth with a mantle of white, so, one by'one, the years 
sink down upon man, and bring on the whiteness of 
hoary age. As the multitude of flakes are softly fall- 
ing to their snowy grave, so the thousands of humanity 
are swiftly sinking to their final rest. 

I look upon the earth which, only a short 
time past, was robed in green, but now is clad in a 
vesture of white. The limbs of the trees, which were 
then covered with their many leaves, now stretch out 
their bare arms for a raiment of snow, while the wind 
howls and moans as if lamenting the days that are 
gone. How swiftly winter has come upon us ! 

How time flies ! How swiftly roll the billows of 
years upon the life of man ! Days, weeks, and years 
whirl by, rushing him swiftly onward, sweeping him 
past the days at which he would like to linger. Then, 
suddenly, it drops him off into the great ocean of the 

During the season of winter we look back over the 
work of the past summer. Thus, in the season of old 
age, the mind looks back over life's work that is almost 
rounded out. In your memory you have the plans of 
what you intended it to be, but how different it is 
when you look back and see the outline as it really is. 
What a blessed thing memory is ! What joys and 
emotions it brings to the soul ! And yet, it brings 
griefs as well as joys ! It brings a vision of things that 
are gone, — childhood, youth, power of manhood, 
strength, health, friends and loved ones, — these are 
gone. But while so much is gone, you bless God that 
much yet remains. And as the blasts of winter grow 
colder, you draw closer to the warmth of love. You 

Increasing in the Knowledge of God. 


Our knowledge of God and of Christ is derived from 
the Scriptures and from personal intercourse with the 
Lord. To know God properly and intimately, we must 
live much with him. Heart knowledge of God conies 
to us only as the result of direct communion with him. 

We (earn to know God in the same way in which 
we learn to know one another, — by personal associa- 
tion, by being much in his society. What would hus- 
band and wife know of one another if they simply 
addressed each other formally twice a day? It is by 
constant association, by frequent consultation, and by 
entering into, each other's thoughts and feelings, as 
well as joy and sorrows, cares and burdens, that they 
best learn to know one another. So, also, it is with the 
Lord Jesus Christ. We need to bring him down to 
our daily life and work, so that we are constantly near 
him, if we wish really to know him, and increase in 
our knowledge of him. 

This will produce what has been called an exper- 
imental knowledge of God,— knowdedge which does 
not depend on the testimony of others, but which we 
derive directly from God's Word. 

This is the kind of knowledge of God which every 
human heart needs. It is possible to all who are will- 
ing to lead'lives of earnest faith and constant, prayer- 
ful obedience. To attend public worship and to have 
stated times of prayer, is very important and necessary 
for the Christian. But he needs much more than this. 
To possess a healthy spiritual life he must create for 
himself an atmosphere of faith and prayer, in the midst 
of which he constantly lives. In thus doing, he will 
ever increase in the knowdedge of God, and will live 
more and more like him and will shine out. his signif- 
icant life more fully in the daily life. 

Glade, Pa. ^^ 

"It Will Do." 


" It will do; it will do," returned the old man. The 
statement is taken from an account of an old trapper 
who lived on the western prairie. He had seen many 
prairie fires and had learned to fight them. Seeing a 
five approaching, and knowing the danger, he ordered 
a place bared of the prairie grass. That being done, 
he set fire to fight the coming flames. When he had 
done all in his power he said, " It will do ; it will do." 

" It will do " is the greatest bane to progress. It 
never leads to perfect work, never, even, to excellent 
work, but only to " it-will-do " work. The " it-will-do " 
farmer never has good corn, because, when plowing 
and caring for it, he was careless, and it is only " it- 
will-do " corn. 

The " it-will-do " miller never draws custom, he 
only gets custom when no one else in the community 
is in his line of business. The " it-will-do " lawyer 
sees people seeking counsel of his more particular 
brother. The " it-will-do " student does not get the 
highest positions, because he does, not do his work 
well. He is satisfied " just so that it will pass," he says. 
If all this is true in things of the world, how about 
people in the church? From observations I think 
there is more " it-will-do " work among church-mem- 
bers than along other lines. Just any kind of baptism 
will do; if I don't want to observe the religious rite 
of feet-washing. Supper is a full evening meal but 
just the bread and wine in the forenoon " will do." " I 
know that the heathen are lost if we don't help them, 
but I'll spend my money for my own luxurious living 
and let them die and be lost," says some brother or 

Are those observations true? I wish they were hot. 
Herrin, III. , „ , 

What Are We Seeking? 


We are limited by what we seek. We do not rise 
above our desires and our aims. If our aim is to 

gratify our own selfish ends, we will never attain 
greater heights than the low plane of selfishness. If 
our aim is to find God, and serve him, it will be with 
us as Moses said to his people, " But if from thence 
thou shalt seek the Lord thy God, thou shalt find him, 
if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy 
soul." Deut. 4: 29. If our aim is to work for the 
glory of God 'and the bettering of our fellow-beings, 
we will find our work among men every day, and in 
pointing them to righteousness, we will serve God. We 
can press toward the mark for the prize of the high 
calling of God in Christ Jesus, and in his strength we 
can attain the high aim. " My grace is sufficient for 

Ashland, Ohio. 

" There is this difference between happiness and 
wisdom: he that thinks himself the happiest man 
really is so ; Tmt he that thinks himself the wisest, is 
generally the greatest fool." — Colton. 


For Sunday Evening, January 23, 1910. 

Missionary Pocket-Books. 

2 Cor. 9: 6-8; Philpp. 2: 5-8. 
I. "Soweth bountifully." V. 6; Prov. 11: 24, 25. A 
gift in God's cause blesses both the giver and the 
receiver, — a double blessing. 
II. "Purposes in his heart" (V. 7)— deliberately plans. 
Our giving is to be a part of a well-thought-out 
plan of living. 
III. "God loveth. a cheerful giver." V. 7; 8: 12. Men 

also love such a giver. 
IV. All is God's. Hag. 2: 8; 1 Chron. 29: 14 

V. Ours is stewardship. Deut. 8: 18; Prov. 10: 22; 
Eccl. 5: 19; 6: 2; 1 Cor. 4: 1, 2. 

VI. Giving to God. Prov. 3: 9; 11: 24, 25; Mai. 3: 10; 
Matt. 5: 42; Acts 20: 35. 

VII. Proportion in giving. Deut. 16: 10; 2 Cor. 8: 11, 12; 
1 Cor. 16: 2; Mark 12: 44; 2 Cor. 8: 9; 1 Tim. 6: 17- 

VIII. An Empty pocketbook. Philpp. 2: 5-8. 

IX. Man's best gift. Rom. 12: 1, 2; 6: 13; 1 Cor. 6: 20. 

Generous giving enlarges one's outlook to give. It 

quickens one's sympathies, and so brings him nearer 

to man and closer to God. Call for one-minute 

speeches, giving personal experience in giving. 

Motto for this week: " He that watereth shall be 

watered also himself." Prov. 11: 25. 

Closing song: "None of self, and all of thee." No. 732. 


For "Week Beginning January 23, 1910. 

" Redeeming the Time." 

Eph. 5: 16. 

1. Diligent in all Things — Paul says, " Not slothful in 
business, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord" (Rom. 12: 
11). When we remember that time, at best, is but short, 
it at once becomes the most precious thing in the world 
to us. When God gives us a moment, he does not prom- 
ise another, as if to teach us highly to value, and dili- 
gently to improve it, by the consideration that, for aught 
we know, it may be the last. Time, when once gone, 
never returns; it is gone forever! Diligence, then, is of 
paramount importance (2 Peter 3: 14). 

2. The King's Business Requires Haste.— David says, 
" So teach us to number our days," implying that we must 
carefully treasure the fleeting moments, lest we fail m 
accomplishing the task allotted us by the Lord. As fel- 
low-workers together with God, we must so labor that 
the greatest amount of work for him may be done in the 
shortest possible time. Much is to be done in the brief 
span of time allotted us (Eccl. 11: 6). 

3. Running Faithfully in the Race, We Gain the Crown. 
—Paul pictures graphically the intense earnestness of 
him who was determined to gain the prize in the run- 
ning of one of the Olympian races. There -was no loiter- 
ing by the way, no idle gossip. Time was at a premium. 
Paul would have each believer manifest the same degree 
of care in the heavenly race, " So run, that ye may ob- 
tain." Waste not a single moment! Be up and doing 
(Heb. 12: 1, 2; 1 Cor. 9: 24-27). 

4. Zealous of Good Works.— One of the chief charac- 
teristics of God's people, and one, perhaps, that most 
contributes toward making them "a peculiar people," is 
the fact that continually they are "zealous of good 
works" (Titus 2: 14). They are so deeply impressed 
with their responsibility to God that they count the day 
lost on which they have not done something for God 
and his cause. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


The Wondrous Gift. 

Ah, what a wondrous gift of God 

Our human bodies are; 
Still serving us from day to day, 
Both in our work and in our play, 

Without a break or jar! 

Dear mother, when you see your babe 

Play with his tiny hands, 
As though just learning they were his. 
Remember, here a lesson is 

For one who understands. 

Oh, help him as his body grows. 

To feel it is God-given; 
So that in„all earth's happy ways, 
Through peaceful nights and busy days, 

His lite may forecast heaven! 

— Transcription from Frcebel. 

"The Greatest of These Is Love." 


I CAN think of no other chapter in the precious 
old Book, where love is more beautifully portrayed 
than in. the thirteenth chapter of First ■ Corinthians. 
To be ideal Christians, we must read and study care- 
fully this great lesson of love. 

Applying this lesson to our own lives, we must live 
it, — yes live it in every phase of our activity. Not 
until then will we have attained the ideal relationship 
with our blessed Lord and Master. 

In the first verse we notice that though some of us 
speak with the tongues of eloquent men. — wanting to 
be heard for our long speeches and prayers, — and have 
voices as angels, if we have not this love, our words 
will fall on the hearers only as sounding brass or 
tinkling cymbals. It will be cold and harsh, — no clear 
ring about it at all,— and there will be no effect what- 

Some may say they understand all mysteries, and 
have all knowledge, and, as Paul says, they feel they 
have the faith to remove mountains, but if they do not 
have love back of it all, they are nothing. 

We may bestow all our goods to feed the poor, and 
sacrifice to such an extent as to give our bodies to be 
burned. If we do all this without a heart full of love, 
it profiteth us nothing. 

Think of it ! Do we not see Christians about us to- 
day, who give liberally of their possessions, simply to 
be seen of men ? Do you think they will be profited ? 
Then, again, have we not seen Christians ( ?) who give 
grudgingly, and not .willingly or cheerfully as unto 
the Lord? 

Sisters, have we not seen, in our aid societies, this 
unwillingness and reluctance when there is a call for 
help? Because Sister A is not able, financially, to 
give as Sister B, she refuses to give her small sum,— is 
ashamed of it. Are they, then, profited? Paul says 
not. Why? Because there is no love in their hearts 
to accompany their gifts. Then, neither, will they 
receive a blessing from on high, for surely the Lord 
does not bless us for something we do not do. 

What we give, then, dear readers, let us give it 
willingly, with the desire to advance Christ's kingdom 
here on earth, and even though we only give a mite, 
we will be blessed, if we have the love we should have 
for one another and: for our fellow-men. Yes. the 
Lord will abundantly bless us, for he loves those who 
love him. 

Farther on Paul says, " Love suffereth long* and 
is kind ; envieth not, is not puffed up. Doth not behave 
itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily 
provoked, thinketh no evil ; rejoiceth in the truth. 
Love beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all 
things, endureth all things. Love never faileth." 

clean hearts, full of love, and also create right spirits 
within us, and do away forever with all these evils. 
It may be hard for some of us to do, but can we not . 
cultivate our lives in good things as well as evil? Let 
us say with Paul that we " can do all things through 
Christ which strengtheneth me.'' Philipp. 4: 13. 

In the latter part of this chapter we find that here 
below we only know in part. In our weakness we can 
see only in part, but when once we are perfected, and 
shall have put on immortality, then, face to face with 
God the Father, and his dear Son and the holy angels, 
we shall know even as we are known. 

Oh, may God help each one of us to live purer lives 
in his service, and may our hearts be filled with the love 
of Jesus to such an extent that our mouths will speak, 
our eyes. will see, and our actions will tell nothing but 
good. Then others will see our good works, and also 
glorify our Father in heaven. 

Let us not be weary in well doing, and when sore 
trials and difficulties come upon us, and we, perhaps, 
feel they are more than we can bear, let us study this 
blessed lesson of love where it says, " Love rejoiceth 
not in iniquity, but in the truth. Love beareth and 
endureth all things." Forgetting the things that are 
behind let us press onward and upward, toward the 
prize of the high calling as it is in Christ Jesus. 
Port Republic, Va. 

Teaching the Bible to Our Children. 


As we all know, impressions and truths that a child 
first receives are always the strongest and most last- 
ing, and more deeply imprinted on the little mind 
than at any other time of life. This holds good not 
only with truths but also with untruths as well. Then, 
how important that mothers be on the alert, to study 
every possible means to implant the truth in the ex- 
panding mind, before some one gets hold of the little 
mind to poison it with untruths and bad acts. 

Where will a mother get help and guidance, hut 
from this blessed Bible? Let the mother but acquaint 
herself with this Wonderful Book, and she will find 
many little Bible stories to tell her little ones. 

In Deut. 6 we read of the old patriarchs teaching 
the " Law of Moses " to their children. They were in 
earnest about it, they taught them diligently. They 
talked to them about it when they would sit in the 
house and when they would walk by the way, when 
they would lie down and when they would rise up. 
Can we say as much? Here is an example of teaching 
the children the law. 

How many parents do we find today, as earnest in 
teaching their children God's law? How many read 
and study it themselves? When we come to give an 
account of our studying this Blessed Book and teach- 
ing it to our children, what will our poor answers be? 
Read to the children and with them anil tell them 
of the wonderful love of God, his care and ever watch- 
ful eye over us all. He sees all we do and hears all 
we say. 

By God's plan children come into the homes for a 
wise purpose, and in the Blessed Book there are many 
helpful lessons by which a mother may teach her child. 
Here we have, for instance, the ten commandments. 
We have the story of Jacob and his twelve boys, and 
the interesting incidents connected with it. Daniel 
cast into the lions' den is always of great interest. The 
three Hebrew children in the fiery- furnace afford a 
lesson very helpful to the child's mind. 

Then there are many stories of the Christ-life, his 
blessing the children and taking them up in his arms, 
showing us what tender care we should give the chil- 
dren. The miracles that Christ performed, and the 

Sunday the best day for them. Let her be a child with 
them, play with them, read story books and the Sun- 
day-school papers to them. Let the children tell you 
the story. Much profitable time might be spent in this 

I once heard of a mother who, during the week, 
would study to have something planned for Sun- 
days to entertain the children. She was not afraid 
that the children would spoil the house, but she would 
let them have simple little pastimes, like playing store, 
cutting pictures out of catalogues or other books, and 
placing them on the window panes by wetting them 
with a little water (which can be easily cleaned off). 
making departments of their wares, etc. Many other 
simple plays which are harmless but instructive may 
be indulged in to keep the children entertained. If 
they cannot go to Sunday school, then have a little 
school with them at home. They will be more free to 
ask and answer questions than at Sunday school. 
Make the day bright and cheerful for them. At least 
make them feel that you dearly love them. A mother 
and child should he very close friends. They should 
he sweethearts and confide in each other. Never 
deceive a child; it will never forget it, and will not 
love you as well, nor confide in you as before. 

The following incident relates the experience of a 
little boy who wanted to go to a sandbank to play. 
His mother did not want him to go. In order to keep 
him away, she told him there were bears there. His 
little heart was broken and he cried. By and by the 
minister came and asked the boy what was wrong. He 
told his pitiful story, that he wanted to go to the sand- 
bank to play and his mother said there were bears 
there. The minister said, " My child, there are no 
bears there." The child ran to his mamma and said, 
" The minister says there are no hears there." When 
the mother saw that her untruth was found out and 
that she had lost the confidence of her child, she said 
to the little boy, " Let us go to Jesus and ask him to 
forgive your mamma." As they were altout to pray, 
the boy said, " Mamma, let me teli Jesus ; maybe you 
won't tell him the truth." 

All children need correcting but when needed, ad- 
minister it with love and kindness, not in the way I 
heard a mother say, that she bad to punish her child 
while she was mad, or she could not punish it at all. 
Rather do as I heard of a father whose boy was dis- 
obedient. The father took love for his guide. He 
waited until the boy had time to think of his meanness. 
Then he asked him to go with him I" do some work. 
When they came to the place, lie said to the boy, " Let 
us first sit down here." Placing bis band on the boy's 
shoulder he said, " Do you know that 1 love you?" 
The boy could only weep. The father then said, " I 
know that you love me." The boy was so completely 
won by the father's affection that he confessed his 
wrong and ever afterwards was a loving and obedient 
boy. Where did the father get the gentle but power- 
ful method of winning the boy but from the blessed 

Oh mothers, it is necessary and very important t" 
teach the child early of this Blessed Book, to guide the 
little feet, the little hands, and the little eyes ami ears 
as well. Teach the children to love Jesus and rever- 
ence his holy name. Teach the children to love the 
Lord's Day and the Sunday school. Go with them to 
the Sunday school, and always teach them that Jesus 
died for the little ones as well as the older ones. 


praises ! 

When we meditate upon all these parables he spake and the many good deeds of love he 

praises and exaltations of love, which the Christian 
ought to have, do we feel, dear brother, dear sister, 
that we" are of the ideal type? Are our lives full of 
love that " thinketh no evil but beareth and endureth 
all things?" Or are our hearts filled with envy or 
jealousy? Are we easily provoked, or do we ever, 
think or speak evil of others? If these reign in our 
hearts, there is no room for this love that never faileth. 
Without love we are nothing. 

Let us, then, ask God in prayer to create within us 

did, afford abundant material. He-taught us to love 
one another, to be obedient to our parents, etc. How 
will a child know where these little rules came from, 
if not taught to them from this blessed Book, and who 
is better suited to teach them than mother? 

Mothers should make Sundays the best and bright- 
est day for the home. Some children think this the 
dullest day of the week, especially during the winter 
months, when they cannot get out. This should not be 
so. A mother should study every means to make 

" When God makes a lovely thing 
The fairest and completest, 
He makes it little, don't you know. 

For little things are sweetest. 
Little birds and little flowers. 

Little diamonds, little pearls; 
But the dearest things on earth 
Are the little boys and girls." 
El Centro, Cat. 

How many ever open their Bibles for private med- 
itation from Monday morning to Saturday night ? We 
give ourselves no opportunity. Love and reverence 
are not the uncertain products of chance. They are 
the sure and stately product of thought. If our 
thought be steadily directed, love and reverence will 
follow in its train.—/. H. Jotuett. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


Offlolal Organ ot the Cnorcn of ths Brettaen 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission boabd 

16. to 24 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois 


Editor, D. L- Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant. L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding- Editors. 

H. B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa, 

i» n Fnrlv Pcnn Laird, va. MarL,''-'.'. °™Ja- Cuba. 

Business Manager. B. E. Arnold. 

Advi.orj committee. 

G. W. Lents, Oeo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

l«-Allbiuliw«Midoommniile»tlonBlntonaod for the paper Bhoold bo addressed 
te thf BRETHREN PUBLISHING HOUSE, ELGIN, Hi., and not to any lndi- 
Yidnal connected with It. 

Entered at the I'ostofllco at El^-ln , HI., 08 Soeond-claes Matter. 

Bro. Dobsey Hodgden held revival services at 
Goshen, Ind., and five persons accepted Christ. 

Bro. H. C. Early is conducting a series of meetings 
in Lancaster, Pa., and may continue two weeks. 

A few reports from the churches, along with some 
correspondence, must be held over until next week. 

Bro. Levi S. Mohler held a series of meetings in 
the West Conestoga congregation, Pa., and five were 
added to the church. 

Bro. L. H. Eby is engaged in a Bible Normal in the 
Nezperce church, Idaho. His normal work will be fol- 
lowed by a series of meetings. 

Bro. Rufus Bucher did some real effectual work 
in the Chiques congregation, Pa. There were twenty- 
six applicants for membership. 

The special Bible Term at Maryland Collegiate In- 
stitute. Union Bridge, Md., begins Jan. 30, and closes 
Feb. 6. See announcement on page 48. 

Bro. Ezra Flory, of Union, Ohio, is again located 
at Sterling, 111., as pastor, having taken charge of the 
work there at the beginning of the year. 

The correct street address of Bro. Chas. W. Eisen- 
bise, treasurer of the Chicago Sunday-school Exten- 
sion, is 1811 South Clifton Park Avenue. 

Bro. L. D. Bosserman, of Pasadena, Cal., is asking 
us to announce that his address has been changed 
from 126 Bruce Avenue to 723 Olivewood Court. 

Bro. A. C. Wieand writes us that the winter term 
at Bethany Bible School, Chicago, starts out well. The 
enrollment is 155 and the outlook is encouraging. 

Bro. M. Flory, of 332 N. Warren Street, Decatur, 
111., is planning to devote the coming summer and fall 
to evangelistic work, and is booking dates for that 

That splendid donation mentioned on page 811, for 
1909, and credited to T. C. Edson,' of Auburn, Ind., 
should have been credited to T. C. Elson, of that 
place. The name was misread. " 

A series of meetings, lasting two weeks, was held 
in the Meadow Branch church, Grainger County, 
Tenn., and five persons made the good confession and 
are now numbered with the believers. 

A few days ago we were favored with a call by 
Bro. S. C. Miller, one of the ministers at McPherson, 
Kans., and professor of English in the College. This 
was his first visit to the Publishing House. 

The Daleville Leader, published in the interest 
of Botetourt Normal College, Daleville, Va., contains 
an interesting account of the Nininger Memorial Hall, 
just completed for the use of students attending the 
school. In a photo-engraving, published in the Leader, 
the building shows off to excellent advantage, and we 
are sure that for many years it will "furnish an ideal 
college home for students. 

Nine were recently added to the church at Dor- 
rance, Kans. The ice, thirteen inches thick, had to be 
cut before water could be secured for baptizing. Only 
people of strong convictions will receive baptism un- 
der such unfavorable conditions. 

Next Sunday, at 2:30 P. M., the Sunday-school 
workers of Batavia, Chicago and Naperville, will meet 
with our Sunday-school workers, here at Elgin, in a 
joint meeting. In the evening there will be a joint 
meeting of the Christian Workers' from the same lo- 
calities. ■ 

We are just in receipt of the minutes of the district 
meeting of Northern Missouri, and notice that the dis- 
trict calls for the Annual Meeting in 1911. By this 
and what has been published before, it will be seen 
that there are plenty of places offered for the Confer- 
ence next. year. 

Those who have the Brethren Almanac for 1910 
will please turn to page 34 and enter the name of Bro. 
E. J. BloUgh as elder in charge of Quemahoning con- 
gregation, Pa. Other mistakes will doubtless be dis- 
covered, but we hope to have them all corrected in the 
next list we publish. 

Our correspondent reports an excellent special 
Bible Term for Southern California and Arizona, held 
at Lordsburg College. During the meeting nine were 
added to, the church, seven by confession and bap- 
tism, while two renewed their covenant with the Lord 
and with the church. 

In our issue for Dec. 25, page 832, the report from 
the Rockton church, Pa., made the writer say that 
Bro. Abram Fyock, the elder, asked to be relieved, 
and his request was granted. This was not correct. 
The report was misread, hence the mistake. Bro. 
Fyock is still the elder in charge. 

Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mount Morris College, 
begins a Bible School in Waterloo, Iowa, the coming 
Monday, Jan, 17, and will continue one week. There 
will be two lessons in the afternoon and one in the 
evening, followed by a sermon. A special invitation 
is extended to all who wish to take part in the work. 
So writes Bro. W. H. Lichty. 

Bro. I. B. Trout attended the Sunday-school Insti- 
tute in Northeastern Ohio, and reports a good meet- 
ing. He also helped with the work at the Institute in 
Southern Ohio. The attendance numbered about 600 
and the meeting was one of the best. He says the 
Brethren in Southern Ohio are fully up to date in 
their methods and their work. 

The minutes of the district meeting of Northeast- 
ern Kansas have just been laid on our desk. The Dis- 
trict is composed of twenty-two congregations, has 
1,415 members, thirty-three elders and twenty-six 
ministers. We notice, as mentioned in a previous 
issue, that the meeting calls for the Annual Confer- 
ence of 1911, to be held in Kansas City or Topeka, as 
the committee on location may decide. 

Of the doctrinal number we printed 15,000 extra 
copies, and have only a few hundred left. It gave 
better satisfaction than any issue of the Messenger 
yet published. When ordering twenty-five copies for 
distribution, Bro. J . E. Mohler, of Los Angeles, Cal., 
says: "The doctrinal issue of the Messenger is a 
splendid one, — the best, I think, we have ever bad." 

Referring to the latter part of " Our Message for 
1910," Bro. Peter Brower, of South English, Iowa, 
writes : " For some time I have felt that wealth and 
luxury are going to give us the hardest battle that we 
will have to fight. They cause worldliness and cold- 
ness to an alarming extent, and are doing their work 
so silently and forcibly that it is hard to counteract 
their influence. May God bless you, and may this 
serve as a 'kind appreciation of your excellent service 
and sacrifice." . 

During the cold spell that has continued for more 
than a month, the House came wonderfully near hav- 
ing a practical reminder of the five foolish virgins 
whose lights went out for the want of oil. We came 
within a few hours of having to close up for the want 
of coal. The cold weather and deep snows hindered 
the railroads to such an extent that many cities barely 
escaped a coal famine. We had orders placed in 
plenty of time, and car loads of coal were actually on 
the way, but they were held up. However, we came 
through all right, without any loss or inconvenience, 
and that is more than may be said of those, who pro- 
pose to enter the judgment hall, at the end of this 
world, without any oil in their lamps. 

We are wondering how much praying was done on 
the first day of the year for the success of the church? 
Some may have put off their praying until the next 
day, Sunday. But did they pray even then? How 
many ministers reminded their congregations of the 
importance of praying for the extension of the king- 
dom of Christ on the earth ? If our people improved 
the occasion as they should have done, we feel sure 
that some splendid and lasting impressions were made 
on the minds of those who attended the services. 

Bro. Curtis Sollenberger, of Cedar, Ind., writes 
us that he has been delivering a number of lectures 
in the interest of temperance. For years he was under 
the power of strong drink, but he beard the gospel call, 
was converted, made a full surrender and is now said 
to be a clean man. He has not had the advantage of a 
trained mind for speaking, but he knows what rum can 
do to debase manhood, and tells the story as he knows 
it. It would seem, however, that he has thus far been 
able to do his best and most satisfactory work in vil- 
lages and rural districts. 

Our temperance workers are' referred to page 43, 
this issue, for some interesting matter along the tem- 
perance line. We have been requested to publish 
something that might be used in meetings having tem- 
perance programs. The object of the page is to supply 
this demand in a limited way. Those who do not pre- 
serve the Messenger, may do well to clip out this page 
and lay it away for future use. Most of the selections 
we are publishing may be readily committed to mem- 
ory, and recited at the gatherings where such matter 
would seem to be in place. The Temperance Nuggets 
should help speakers to drive some important truths 
home. In fact the whole page should prove helpful to 
all of our patrons. 

We are asked to explain the fifty cent proposition 
for sending the Messenger to persons not members 
of the church. The purpose is not to supply outsiders 
with the paper from year to year at that rate. It is a 
missionary proposition, having for its object the con- 
version of people who have not yet confessed Christ, or 
who do not accept and obey the whole Gospel. The 
General Board is anxious to have the Messenger 
placed in families where there are no members, with 
a view of converting people, and those who have the 
paper sent to such families should know whether it 
is accomplishing anything. Of course fifty cents does 
not pay the cost of printing and sending out the paper, 
but the General Mission Board has. arranged to pay the 
balance of the cost. At this rate we are authorized to 
send the Messenger into thousands of families, 
where there are no members, but it is hoped that no 
one will take advantage of the liberal offer merely to 
save a little money. 

Last week we published a report regarding the ac- 
cessions to the church in 1909, showing that 6,222 were 
baptized and 383 restored to fellowship, making a 
total of 6,605. We have another report from Bro. 
John H. Topper, of Butler, Ind., who says that he, 
too, kept a careful tally on the accessions reported in 
the Messenger, and finds that 7,418 were baptized 
and 409 reclaimed, making 7,827 additions for the 
year. His report shows that in January 1,043 were 
baptized, and in October 1,027 received the rite. There 
is a difference of over one thousand in the two re- 
ports, and we are of the impression that this difference 
was caused by failing to keep track of the repeating 
that may be found in some of the reports from our 
correspondents. This might easily occur. Still we 
are thankful for the two reports, even if they do dif- 
fer. They give us a very correct idea of the increase 
of our membership, and supply data that may be of 
value in the future. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


Several of the State Districts, patterning some- 
what after the Annual Conference, have formed a 
standing committee, composed of the elders present, 
to take under advisement all papers before they are 
presented to the open district conference, A district 
standing committee may recommend an answer to a 
certain query, and the district meeting may decide to 
pass the paper up to the Annual Meeting, with the 
recommendation of the standing committee. When 
this paper reaches the Standing Committee of the Gen- 
eral Conference, and receives an answer by that Stand- 
ing Committee, the thing becomes a little confusing, 
on account of the mention made of two standing com- 
mittees. In order to avoid this repetition of terms, 
and thereby do away with the confusion caused, it 
would be a good idea to give the district standing com- 
mittee another name. It might be called the " Board 
of Elders," or the " District Elders," or simply " The 
Elders." The term " Standing Committee " ought to 
be applied solely to the selected body of elders at the 
Annual Meeting. 

In the course of a year we have to write nearly one 
hundred letters to correspondents, who fail to give the 
addresses of the newly-elected ministers, mentioned 
in their reports. They will say that so and so were 
elected to the ministry, but omit their addresses. Oc- 
casionally a correspondent will give both the name and 
the address of a newly-elected minister, and request 
us to place the same on the list of ministers we pub- 
lish in the Almanac from year to year. We wish all of 
our correspondents could be so thoughtful. Here is 
an instance where it is done just right: 

Please place the name of Geo. E. Stern, Arcadia, Valley 
County, Nebr., on the ministerial list. He was elected and 
installed Jan. 2, 1910.— J. J. Tawzer, Arcadia, Nebr. 

Just after writing the above we picked up another 
letter from the pile just laid on our desk, in which 
we are asked to place the name of a newly-chosen 
preacher on the list of ministers, but the writer fails 
to give the postoffice. He gives the name of the con- 
gregation, as well as his own name and address. Well, 
what about the address of the young minister? We 
will have to write for that. This takes time; then, 
where nearly one hundred letters have to be written, 
it is a matter of some expense. 

The January issue of theHomiletic Review con- 
tains a very interesting article on "The Religious 
Significance of the Comet." The article is written in 
view of the rapidly-approaching Halley's comet, which 
will now soon be visible. This comet comes into view 
about every seventy-five years, and its history may be 
traced to a period dating a few hundred years beyond 
A. D. One writer, who believes more in speculative 
astronomy than in the Bible, thinks David saw the tail 
of this comet pointing in the direction of Mt. Moriah. 
and in this manner was prompted to gather material 
for the temple which his son Solomon afterward 
built. Anyone who has ever been in Jerusalem can 
easily understand how it would be unreasonable for 
David, or anybody else, to imagine the tail of a 
comet pointing in the direction of Mt. Moriah. Stand- 
ing on Mt. Zion and looking east, one inclined to 
superstition might strain his imagination enough to 
think that the tail of the comet, just above the horizon, 
was pointing in the direction of Mt. Nebo. But the 
author of the article in the Review discusses the possi- 
bility of the earth being struck by a comet in the near 
future, and destroyed. He thinks there is no prob- 
ability of such an occurrence, and yet no one knows. 
It would seem that a heavenly body of considerable 
size did, in the remote past, strike the earth in the 
northern part of Arizona, and made quite an indenta- 
tion. Some are wondering if the destruction of the 
earth by a comet, is what Peter refers to when he 
says : " But the day of the Lord will come as a thief 
in the night ; in the which the heavens shall pass away 
with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with 
fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are 
therein shall be burned up." 2 Peter 3 : 10. 

proposition. He was to preach for a congregation that 
was spiritually dead. He says that many of the mem- 
bers did not attend his meetings, and that the most of 
those who did attend seemed cold and indifferent. 
Some of the members were not at peace with each 
other, and the church itself had been greatly disturbed 
by a few troubles that brought to the surface the worst 
side of several of the members. Our brother said that 
he did not feel that he could do any good in that con- 
gregation, and, in fact, very little was accomplished. 
Every now and then an evangelist finds conditions of 
this sort, and at once makes up his mind that he has a 
fruitless task before him. 

Now the writer is no professional evangelist, — never 
had much experience in that line of work, — but it 
occurs to us that these half dead churches are the very 
ones that are in need of a wide-awake evangelist, who 
knows how to handle the Sword of the Spirit with un- 
usual severity and dexterity. When a minister finds a 
church of this kind, he can make up his mind to lay 
aside the sermons intended for sinners and bring out 
the strongest meat known to the Gospel for the conver- 
sion of a lot of church members, who are so near dead, 
spiritually, that they care little whether the church lives 
or not. Such members need to be worked over until 
they see the force of the Gospel and there is no use of 
the evangelist mincing words doing it. 

They ought to be given to understand that God 
wants those who claim to belong to the church to be 
either cold or hot. He wants none of this lukewarm 
spirit, or spirit that cares little whether the clinrch 
grows or dies. He wants the body of Christ to be com- 
posed of members that have some zeal about them, and 
if they cannot be warmed up, — cannot be reconverted 
and restored to their first love and zeal,— their place is 
outside of the church, and not inside of it. 

Such people are let off too easy. They are permitted 
to drag along as members for years, while they do 
nothing whatever to advance the kingdom of God. 
The Gospel should be put at them strong and straight, 
and if they cannot stand it, they will show by their ac- 
tion that they are not the kind of people the Lord 
wants in his kingdom. Young people who dress too 
fine are now and then called to account, while some of 
the older ones, who manifest little or no spiritual life, 
are left go unrebuked. This is not fair. We should 
have some charity for the young and weak, but for 
those who should be strong in faith and good works, 
but remain careless and indifferent, charity ceases to be 
a virtue. It is not charity they need, but the strongest 
meat there is in the Gospel, and it will be wise for our 
evangelists to prepare for work of that kind. So, in- 
stead of giving up the half-dead church as a hopeless 
case, let the fire of the Gospel be made to burn hot. 
Some of this kind of evangelistic work will pave the 
way for converting sinners who cannot be reached in 
any other way. 

When Jesus came to the world to save sinners he 
undertook a difficult task. When the apostles went 
out into the world to preach the Gospel to every 
creature, they had to face many discouraging obstacles. 
They were beaten and put into prison. Some of them 
were stoned, and finally all of them, save John, were 
put to death. This is more than can be said of any of 
the evangelists of America, in this day and generation. 
They may face some hard propositions, but they will 
not likely be called on to suffer and endure what was 
experienced by godly men in the apostolic age. 

Need of Vigorous Work. 

An evangelist tells us that in one of his revival 
efforts he recently ran up against a very discouraging 

Every Member of the Church a Reader 
of the Church Papers. 

Yes, certainly, every member of the church should 
read the church papers. Anything else should not be 
expected. Certainly not. To be a member of the 
church means, of course, to be alive to the church, to 
love the church and to be awake to her work and mis- 
sion in the world. In short, what is the church's inter- 
est is the interest of each one of her members. These 
conditions demand the closest relations on the part of 
the individual with his church, and the prime purpose 
of the church papers is to facilitate such relations. 
Their real purpose, however, is to encourage Christian 
growth, and Christian growth does the rest. 

By the church papers we mean The Gospel Mes- 

senger, Our Young People, The Missionary Visitor, 
The Inglcnook, The Teachers' Monlhy and the Sun- 
day-school Quarterlies. Then there are the juvenile 
papers for the little folks, and each paper has its own 

The Gospel Messenger covers the general church 
field. It is intended for the Christian reader of all 
grades. It is divided into several departments, so that 
nearly every line of Christian growth and activity is 
touched. It is the church organ, and its importance 
tn the general church work can hardly be overesti- 
mated. It is one of the most powerful influences in 
determining the cast of thought in the general 
Brotherhood. Our Young People is a recent creation, 
to meet the demand made by the young people. The 
progress of the age and growth in literature demand 
that our young people have a paper dedicated to their 
needs, and that it be worthy of their patronage. Such 
is Our Young People. And while it is intended for 
the young, it is good food for the older of all grades. 
The Missionary Visitor is published in the interest of 
the mission work of the church. It has a great, large 
field all its own. It stands for the quickening of mis- 
sionary sentiment, the education and direction of our 
forces and the investigation of the world-field. It is 
a progressive monthly, helpful to each of its readers. 
The Inglcnook, with a varied and interesting his- 
tory, has, under its present administration, become 
settled in its place with promises of success before it. 
It is a literary paper of no mean grade, bristling with 
the best thought of the times. A move is under way 
to make it the educational organ of our schools, and 
when this is done, it will take to itself a more definite 
field, with greater power, and, at the same time, it will 
do much to advance the interests of education among 
us. The Teachers' Monthly, as its name implies, is 
published in the interest of teachers in the Sunday 
school. It is one of the very best publications of its 
kind. The Sunday-school lesson is treated in the light 
of the most advanced thought, and the pedagogy is 
given in three grades by specialists. No teacher can 
afford to be without it. Tn fact, no pupil beyond the 
fourteenth year can afford to be without it, as it ap- 
pears to us. The Quarterlies give the exegesis of the 
lesson with practical hints. They are helpful; they 
are essential; they should be in every home in the 

The importance of the Sunday-school literature to 
the future church is great, — much greater than most 
of us realize. It is foundation work. It is building 
today for tomorrow. The character and matter of the 
teaching done in the Sunday school is determined 
chiefly, if not altogether, bv the helps used. Do von 
see? The Sunday-school literature has to do chiefly 
with the young people: and if the teaching is not what 
it should he, in doctrine and otherwise, it is sure to 
hear fruit accordingly, in later years. It's astonishing 
to see the indifference of the times on this point. 

Not only are the papers themselves the greatest 
reason why they should be read by every member of 
the church, but it should be remembered that every 
cent of profit goes into the general church treasury. 
The Publishing House, located at Elgin. 111., belongs 
to the Brotherhood, and each member of the church 
owns a share in it; each member is a stockholder. 
And doesn't it seem strange when a man refuses to 
support his own business? For instance, here is a 
man owning a factory to make plows, but he buvs his 
plows elsewhere. What do you think of him? What 
do you think of a man, a stockholder, in a publishing 
house, who buys his publications from other publish- 
ers? Strange case! It is what the business man 
would term commercial suicide. 

If the prices should appear high, as some think, 
ownership is sufficient reason not to buy elsewhere. 
But the prices are not high. Compare them with 
prices for denominational literature elsewhere, and be 
convinced. It must be known that denominational 
literature cannot be gotten out at the same rate as 
nonsectarian publications that go out by the thou- 
sands. The Publishing House is run with the smallest 
expense, consistent with sound business principles, and 
profits are not large, and these enrich no individual. 

If every member of the church would support the 
publishing interests of the church, the circulation of 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 

the several publications would be materially increased, 
with more than a corresponding increase in profits ; 
and if every member of the church, in addition, would 
work for the publications outside of the membership, 
much mission work would be done by the publications 
themselves, for they are our best missionaries, and 
also by the profits from such increase in business. Is 
this not reason enough? h. c. e. 

not shone as they should. We need to be more dili- 
gent in well-doing, and in due time we shall reap if we 
faint not. . c M. 

That Unknown Country. 

He had been traveling for some days, and evidently 
was tired and anxious to talk to some one. So he 
moved back. a seat and began. He carried the mark 
of a freemason, and was not slow to speak about the 
good done by that fraternity. He told how they had 
come to him and helped him when sickness and pov- 
erty and death came* into his home. It was a good 
work that they did for him and his ; and it was quite 
natural for him to feel grateful to them and later be- 
come one of them. 

But he evidently had a warm place in his- heart for 
the Brethren church. It seemed that that was his 
reason for moving back and beginning to talk. It 
soon came out that his parents and most of his rela- 
tives were members of the church. Some of them had 
already taken him to task for joining a secret society. 
He had left these in the Dakotas and was on his way 
to see his mother. He was much concerned as to how 
she would look upon his departure from the faith, and 
he was getting his arguments ready to meet the objec- 
tions which he was sure she would bring against his 

He - was so sincere that it did not seem best to say 
the hardest things that might be said ; but rather was 
it best to get him to consider a few things. One of 
the objections to his society was that it takes the place 
of religion in a man's life, making promises, or at 
least leaving people under the impression, that if one 
is faithful to his lodge he goes from the one below to 
the great one above. He said this was not taught; 
but they believed that when a man died he went to 
that unknown country from whose bourne no 'traveler 
has ever returned ; that we know nothing of the dark- 
land to which we are all going; in short, that they did 
not claim to know what men's condition would be in 
the world to come. 

That would be reason enough, as we tried to show 
him, for not accepting his faith in the lodge. We are 
not going into the dark. The unknown country has 
been revealed to us by One who knows alj about it. 
He came from it, and went to it. He made the way 
plain for those who want to go to it. The man, or the 
body of men, who goes through life saying that he 
knows not what lies beyond, has not learned Christ. 
And if that man lives in the United States the chances 
are that it is his own fault that he has not learned him. 
Eternity lies before us, and if we do not seek to learn 
all we can of the beyond, of the conditions of the life 
to come, and of the kind of life here that promises 
most true pleasure over there, we come short of our 

We know very little of the details of the home pre- 
pared for us; yet we know enough. We have God's 
word for it there will be no sorrow or sickness or death 
over there; no night; no sin. And we have his word 
that the things, the good things waiting are beyond 
our imagination. He has never promised more than 
he intended to do: when the time came, every word 
was fulfilled. It always will be true, for he who has 
promised is the truth. Let us not be drawn away to 
accept the doctrines of men, but let us hold fast that 
■which we know is good and which promises us light 
instead of darkness when we leave this world for the 
other one. 

There were many more points discussed. Whether 
good will come from the talk, the Lord knows. The 
most that could be obtained was a promise to think 
the question over. We do not know to what extent 
some church members were responsible for the drift- 
ing away of this man. But we are of the opinion that 
the secret society is sometimes more highly praised 
for its charity than the church, because the church has 
failed to feed the hungry, clothe the nakedt care for 
the sick, and visit those in prison. Our lights have 

Bryan and Darwinism. 

Mr. Wm. J. Bryan says he cannot accept the Dar- 
winian theory of the origin of man. In one of his 
addresses, delivered at many places in this and other 
countries, he argues thus: 

" I object to the theory for several reasons. First, it 
is a dangerous theory. If a man links himself in genera- 
tions with the monkey, it then becomes an important 
question whether he is going toward him or coming from 
him — 3 nd I have seen them going in both directions. I 
do not know of any argument that can be used to prove 
that a man is an improved monkey that may not be used 
just as well to prove that the monkey is a degenerate 
man, and the latter theory is more plausible than the 

"It is true that man, in some physical characteristics, 
resembles the beast, but man has a mind as well as a 
body, and a soul as well as a mind. The mind is greater 
than the body and the soul is greater than the mind, and 
I object to having man's pedigree traced on one-third 
of him only — and that the lowest third. Fairbairri, in 
his 'Philosophy of Christianity,' lays down a sound prop- 
osition when he says that it is not sufficient to explain 
man as an animal; that it is necessary to explain man in 
history — and the Darwinian theory does not do this. 
The ape, according to this theory is older than man, and 
yet the ape is still an ape while man is .the author of the 
marvelous civilization which we see about us, 

" One does not escape from mystery, however, by ac- 
cepting this theory, for it does not explain the origin of 
life. When the follower of Darwin has traced the germ 
of life back to the lowest form in which it appears — and 
to follow him one must exercise more faith than religion 
calls for— he finds that scientists differ. Those who re- 
ject the idea of creation are divided into two schools, 
some believing that the first germ of life came from an- 
other planet and others holding that it was the result 
of spontaneous generation. Each school answers the 
arguments advanced by the other, and as they cannot 
agree with each other, I am not compelled to agree with 

" Go back as far as we may, we cannot escape from the 
creative act, and it is just as easy for me a to believe that 
God created man as he is, as to believe that, millions of 
years ago, he created a germ of life and endowed it with 
power to develop into all that we see today. I object 
to the Darwinian theory, until more conclusive proof is 
produced, because I fear we shall lose the consciousness 
of God's presence in our daily life, if we must accept the 
theory that through all the ages no spiritual force has 
touched the life of man or shaped the destiny of nations. 

"But there is another objection. The Darwinian theory 
represents man as reaching his present perfection by the 
operation of the law of hate — the merciless law by which 
the strong crowd out and kill off the weak. If this is the 
law of our development, then, if there is any logic that 
can bind the human mind, we shall turn backward to- 
ward the beast in proportion as we substitute the law 
of love. I prefer to believe that love rather than hatred 
is the law of development. How can hatred be the law 
of development when nations have advanced in propor- 
tion as they have departed from that law and adopted the 
law of love? " 

" vile mockery," or " supreme selfishness." But why 
all this wresting of the Word of God ? Is it the pur- 
pose to induce people to obey that form of doctrine 
once delivered unto the saints? Most assuredly not. 
Its purpose is to persuade men and women to turn 
down the thirteenth chapter of John, and pay no atten- 
tion to what Jesus says his faithful followers should 

The List of Churches. 

The late Brethren Almanac gives a list of 782 
churches and missions in the United States and Cana- 
da. This probably falls about 100 short of the actual 
number, caused by many churches and missions not 
reporting. To our people this is a new feature for 
the Almanac, and some of the churches failed to re- 
port, not knowing the great value of such a list. To 
procure the names of all the congregations and mis- 
sions, with their pasfors and elders in charge, we 
wrote every District Secretary in trie United States. 
Most of them reported, but a few of them did not. To 
fill out the list for some of the States, we had to refer 
to the minutes of the district meetings of some of the 
Districts. Then scores of letters were written in order 
to secure facts, and to straighten out the points about 
which reports differed. In several instances different 
elders were said to be in charge of the same congrega- 
tion. A few congregations could not be listed for the 
reason that they wanted the names of all their elders 
entered or none at all. Here and there prominent 
churches and missions have been omitted simply be- 
cause they were not on any of the lists sent us. But, 
considering that this is our first attempt at preparing 
a list of all the churches in the Brotherhood, the show- 
ing is decidedly creditable, and we suggest that our 
readers report to us any mistake or omission that may 
be found, so that the same can be entered on our cor- 
rection blanks for the Almanac of 1911. 

Preaching Against Feet- Washing. 

Not long since a minister preached a sermon in 
Bourbon, Ind., on feet-washing, taking the following 
for his text: "He riseth from supper and laid aside 
his garments ; and took a towel and girded himself." 
John 13 : 4. With this text one ought to be able to 
preach a very helpful discourse on the religious rite 
of feet-washing, but the minister referred to, not being 
properly instructed in the way of the Lord, did the 
very opposite. He endeavored to show that there was, 
about this time, a strife among the disciples as to who 
should he the greatest in the kingdom of heaven, and 
that Jesus, in order to teach them a very much needed 
lesson, washed and wiped their feet. Nothing is said 
in the chapter about this being the purpose of the feet- 
washing service. Jesus meant to teach his disciples 
that they should do to each other as he had done to 
them. Not only so, but he gave them to understand 
that this was the purpose of the example. Our Bour- 
bon preacher further said: " To wash the feet of one 
who will, in turn, wash yours, is vile mockery." Now, 
Jesus himself said to his disciples : " Ye also ought to 
wash one another's feet," This is what our preacher 
would call " vile mockery." It is accusing the Master 
of teaching something that should be looked upon as 

What the Messenger Did. 

One of our patrons tells how the Messenger made 
a decided change in his family. Before he was mar- 
ried, he subscribed for the Messenger for his intended 
wife, as she was a member at the time, but he was a 
member of another church, and, of course, read his 
own church paper. When they went to housekeeping, 
there were two church papers coming to his home, one 
for his wife and the other for himself, but he soon 
found that he was enjoying his wife's paper a good 
deal better than his own. By and by he came to the 
Church of the Brethren, and in due time was called 
to the ministry, and now says that he could not get 
along without the Messenger. He finds it a great 
help in the preparation of his sermons. We have 
never favored the idea of sisters marrying outside of 
the church, but when the young husband decides that 
his wife must have her church paper, there is some 
hope for that kind of a man, especially when he takes 
a liking to his wife's paper. The paper is almost sure 
to lead to his conversion; then the Lord has a man 
who can be trusted with the preaching of the Word. 

Preaching to the Spirits. 

"Will you kindly give an explanation of 1 Peter 3: 19 
through the Messenger? The point I wish to know is, 
To what spirits did Christ preach?" 

It is said, in the verse cited, and in the one following, 
that the spirits, to whom Jesus preached, " were dis- 
obedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in 
the days of Noah." By this we are to understand that 
the spirits of these disobedient people, who lived in the 
time of Noah, were in prison, or confined in the spirit 
world, and that Jesus, during the time between his 
death and resurrection, visited this place in spirit, and 
preached the Gospel to them. Some think that this, 
visit, to the abode of the disembodied spirits, was made 
by Christ during the forty days he was upon the earth, 
after his resurrection. In his address on the clay of 
Pentecost, Peter seems to have referred to this incident 
when he thus quoted Psa. 16: 10; " Because thou wilt 
not leave my soul in hell (hades), neither wilt thou 
suffer thine Holy One to see corruption." Acts 2: 17. 
The original term " hades," in this verse, means the 
abode of disembodied spirits. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 



Stand up for Temperance. 
(Tune, "Stand up, stand up for Jesus.") 

Stand up, stand up for Temp'rance, 

Ye soldiers of our cause; 
Lift high our royal banner, 

Nor let It suffer loss. 
Prom vict'ry unto viet'ry. 

Our army shall be led, 
Till ev'ry foe is vanquished, 

And all are free Indeed. 

Stand up, stand up for Temp'rance, 

Against unnumbered foes; 
Your courage rise with danger, ' 

And strength to strength oppose: 
Forth to this mighty conflict — 

Go in this glorious hour — 
"Where duty calls or danger, 

Be never wanting there. 

Strange, Isn't It? 

It may seem strange, but it is nevertheless true, that 
alcohol, regularly applied to the thrifty farmer's stomach, 
will remove the boards from the fence, let the cattle in- 
to his crops, kill his fruit trees, mortgage his farm and 
sow his field with wild oats and thistles. It will take the 
paint off his buildings, break the glass out of the win- 
dows and fill them with rags. It will take the gloss 
from his clothes and the polish from his manner, sub- 
due his reason, arouse his passions, bring sorrow ajid dis- 
grace upon his family and topple him into a drunkard's 

grave. ■ 

A Surgeon's Temperance. 

Dr. Lorenz is preeminent among the surgeons of Eu- 
rope. It is of interest, therefore, to note that on the oc- 
casion of his second visit to America, during the past 
year, where his remarkable operations attracted much 
attention, he emphatically declared the danger of al- 
coholic drinks. 

A banquet was given in bis honor in New York City, 
and wine was served. The eminent guest declined it. 
This caused him to be asked if he were a total abstainer 
from the use of wines and other liquors. 

His answer was as follows: 

" I cannot say that I am a temperance agitator, but 
I am a surgeon. My success depends upon my brain 
being clear, my muscles firm, and my nerves steady. No 
one can take alcoholic liquors without blunting these 
physical powers, which I must keep always on edge. As 
a surgeon, I must not drink." 

In sentencing a murderer to death, the judge made use 
of the following language: " Nor can the place be forgot- 
ten in which occurred the shedding of blood. It was one 
oi the thousand ante-chambers of perdition which mar, 
like plague-spots, the fair face of our State. You do not 
need to be told that I mean a tippling-shop — the meet- 
ing place of Satan's minions, and the foul cesspool which, 
by spontaneous generation, breeds and matures all that 
is loathsome and disgusting in profanity and babbling 
and vulgarity and Sabbath breaking. I would not be the 
owner of a groggery for the price of this globe converted 
into precious ore. For the pitiful sum of a dime the liq- 
uor seller made the deceased a fool and the trembling 
culprit a demon. How paltry a sum for two human lives! 
This traffic is tolerated by the law, and therefore the 
vender has committed an offense not recognized by 
earthly tribunals; but in the sight of him who is unerring 
in wisdom, he who deliberately furnishes the intoxicat- 
ing draught which inflames man into anger and violence 
and bloodshed is ' particeps criminis ' in the moral tur- 
pitude of the deed. Is it not high time that the sinks of 
vice and crime should be held rigidly accountable to the 
laws of the land, and placed under the ban of all en- 
lightened and virtuous public opinion?" 

What Ruins Girls. 

Mary E. Keegan, chief matron of the Chicago Police 
Department, says: "Of all the ten or twelve thousand 
unfortunate girls and wrecked women arrested every year 
in Chicago, among those who tell their woes to me, 
ninety-nine out of every hundred attribute their down- 
fall to the first glass of wine or champagne, taken gen- 
erally with a male companion, always for good fellow- 
ship's sake. That first glass is the beginning of the end— 
and here you see what the end is. When once a woman 
begins to drink in a social way, her future is threatened 
with either moral weakness or utter ruin. So many wom- 
en who come here tell me that the first sparkling glass 
of champagne was the beginning of all their misfor- 

Reader, think of the number, "ten or twelve thousand" 
and only one large city, and think that "ninety-nine out 
of every hundred attribute their downfall to the first 
glass of wine." And yet wine drinking is very common 
among all grades of society, especially among what may 
be termed the "upper crust." What danger, uid what 
an awful harvest! This nefarious American custom ought 
to be tabooed everywhere. The church of the living God 
should cry out against it. Down with the treating system! 
Down with wine drinking! Down with the American 

Many of our readers have requested that material for 
temperance programs might be given in the Messenger. 
The selections, herewith given, are from " Stories of 
Hell's Commerce," a volume replete with temperance facts, 
figures, songs and stories.* 

The Devil's Invitation to the Drunkard. 

Come unto me all ye who are clean and respectful and 
that have plenty of money and a nice home, and T will 
give you in exchange for it a blasted life, a red nose, 
bleared eyes, a wrecked body, a cursed soul. I will break 
the heart of your wife and send your children to the poor- 
house, or orphanage, or on the street to follow your 
steps. Take my yoke upon you and learn of me, for my 
yoke is galling, heavy, and hard to bear. You can pre- 
tend to drown all your trouble in my flowing river of 
liquors, but when you come to yourself, all of them will 
be on top as dead weights to drag you deeper. 

To those who have left the devil's ranks, he would say: 
Return unto me and I will return and enter your heart 
and I will make you harder in sin than you ever were in 

all your life. 

The Saloon. 

A few years ago a country boy, contrary to the wishes 
of his good mother, came to Danville, Va., and entered 
the saloon business. The memory of home and the 
prayers of his mother set his conscience on fire. He 
drank liquor to drown his conscience, and continued the 
wicked business. On he went, in rebellion against his 
mother and his God, drinking and selling liquor. Fear- 
ful spells of delirium would come at the end of his long 
sprees. When he was twenty-three years old, in an aw- 
ful spell of delirium tremens, he crawled behind his bed; 
his friends were unable to hold him in bed, and over 
there, next to the wall, behind his bed, mixing drinks in 
his delirium, he died— fulfilling the prophecy, "Woe un- 
to him that giveth his neighbor drink." 

King Alcohol. 
(23rd Psalm Contrasted.) 

King Alcohol is my shepherd, I shall always want. 

He maketh me to lie down in the gutters; he leadeth 
me beside troubled waters. 

He destroyeth my soul; he leadeth me into the paths of 
wickedness for his effect's sake. 

Yea, though I walk through the valley of poverty and 
have the delirium tremens, I will cling to evil; for thou 
art with me; thy bite and thy sting they torment me. 

Thou preparest an empty table before me in the pres- 
ence of my family. Tbon anointest my head with liell- 
isbness, my cup of wrath runneth over. 

Surely destruction and misery shall follow me all the 
days of my- life; and I will dwell in the house of the ad- 
versary forever, except I repent. 

A Tramp's Speech. 

A tramp asked for a drink in a saloon. The request 
was granted, and when in the act of drinking the prof' 
fered beverage, one of the young men present exclaimed: 

" Stop! make us a speech. It is poor liquor that doesn't 
loosen a man's tongue." The man hastily swallowed the, 
drink, and as the liquid fire coursed through his blood, 
he straightened himself and stood before them with a 
grace and dignity that all his rags and dirt could not ob- 

" Gentlemen," he said, " I look tonight at you and my- 
self, and it seems to me that I look upon the picture of 
my blighted manhood. This bloated face was once as 
handsome as yours. This shambling figure once walked 
as proudly as yours, for I was a man of the world of 
men. I, too, once had a home and friends and position. 
I had a wife as beautiful as an artist's dream, hut 1 
dropped the priceless pearl of her honor and respect in- 
to a cup of wine, and like Cleopatra, saw it dissolve, 
then quaffed it down in the brimming draught. I hail 
children, sweet and pure as the flowers of spring, and 
saw them fade away and die under the blighting curse of 
a drunken father. I had a home where love lit its flame 
upon the altar and ministered before it, but I put out the 
holy fire, and darkness and desolation reigned in its 
stead. I had aspiration and ambition that soared as 
high as the morning star, but I broke and bruised those 
beautiful forms and strangled them that I might hear 
their cries no more. Today I am a husband without a 
wife, a father without a child, a tramp without a home, 
and a man in whom every good impulse is dead. And 
all has been swallowed up in the maelstrom of drink." 

The tramp ceased speaking. The glass fell from his 
nervous fingers, and shattered into a thousand fragments 
on the floor. The doors were pushed open and shut 
again, and when the group looked up, the tramp waa 
gone. And this, gentle reader, is a true talc; the tramp 
at one time having been a prominent attorney at Tiffin, 

The Saloon Ear. 
It bars the doors of happiness, 

And bolts the doors of love; 
Plants thorns and thistles In the path 

That leads to heaven above. 

II har.s the sunlight from the home, 
Where peace and Joy have fled, 

Before the plague of misery, 
Of gloom and shadows dread. 

Ii bars the gate of self -respect, 
Behind the wayward youth, 

Ami fills his mouth with language foul. 
Willi lie* Insteml of truth. 

Ii bars the father from his home, 
And clothes his wife with shame. 

As hope and health are sacrificed 
To feed this hellish flame. 

It bars the door of rest to age. 

When life Is on the wane, 
And In Ihe couch of peacefulness 

tt plants the thorns of pain. 

It bars lis dupes from all that makes 

The life Of mortals dear, 
Ami In the lonely night of death 

Has not a word of cheer. 

II burs the drunkard out of heaven, 

And drops him Into hell, 
With all the damned of ages past, 

Forever there to dwell. 

It [Ills the grave with terror's gloom, 

For those who look ahead, 
And rears a slab of charity 

Above the unknown dead. 

Upon tiie drunkard's grave I see 
These words which plainly tell: 

" [Jfe was to me a mockery, 
Death Is an endless hell." 

•"Stories of Hell's Commerce" Is sold by this office at J1.60 
per copy, postpaid. 

Temperance Nuggets. 
— Chicago's drink bill for three years equals the amount 
of property destroyed by the great fire. 

— It isn't the drop in wages that hurts a man so much 
as the drop he takes after his wages. That's what drops 

— More schoolhouses and fewer saloons. That's a pret- 
ty good platform, but ours is better — More schoolhouses 
and no saloons. 

— Alcohol is poison. For a country to legalize the 
sale of a poison for beverage purposes is one way for 
it to commit suicide. 

— "What is whisky bringing?" inquired a dealer in 
the vile stuff". " Bringing men to the gallows and women 
and children to want," was the truthful reply. 

—The nation, the state, the town, the society, or the 
church which d<ies not adopt temperance as one of its 
cardinal virtues, stands upon uncertain ground. — H. H. 

— It does not pay to give one man, for $150 a quarter, 
a license to sell liquor, and then spend $5,000 on the trial 
of another man fur lliat liquor and committing murder 
under its influence. 

—The saloon is the only business that does not ad- 
vertise its results or point to its successes. No " finished 
goods" siyn is put up by the liquor dealer. Look for 
that in the potter's field. 

Every ninth day's wages of the laborers of this coun- 
try arc handed over to the liquor dealers, putting about 
$900,000,000 annually into their coffers— or about $13 for 
every man, woman and child. 

A boy passing by a saloon, and seeing a drunken 

man lying in the gutter in front of it, he opened the door 
and said: "Mister, your sign's fell down." The saloon- 
keeper chased him half around the square. 

What does it profit a man to send his children to 

school, accumulate property, build big barns, etc., for 
his children, if his son is to go to ruin through the grog- 
shop, and his daughter to preside over a drunkard's 
hovel? Let us save our children. 

Drunkenness is not only the cause of crime, it is a 

crime; and the encouragement of drunkenness, for the 
sake of profit on the sale of drink, is certainly one of the 
most criminal methods of assassination for money ever 
adopted by the rogues of any age or country. 

—A saloon in New York is in trouble because, accord- 
ing to the limit law, it is too close to a church. Which 
should move in such a case, the church or the saloon? 
But are not all the saloons in the city too close to the 
churches and too close to the homes of the people? 

—When some one tried to rebuke Mark Guy Pearse 
for preaching temperance sermons by reminding him that 
his duty as pastor consisted in taking care of his flock, 
he replied: "The sheep are all right just now; I am look- 
ing after the wolf." One way of caring for the sheep 
is to put an end to the wolf. 

—The men who would successfully solve the labor prob- 
lem, must not leave out the question how to extermin- 
ate the saloons of the land. If all the trouble connected 
with the struggle between capital and labor could be 
properly arranged tonight, it would get wrong tomor- 
row, if the present saloon system is allowed to still go 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 

: have never been ful- 
fil to paint the ] 
is eloquent enough 


on The horrors of the drink traffic 

ly portrayed. No pencil is black enough to paint the pic- 
ture, and do it full justice. No tongue , 
to tell the sad story of all its dreadful details. The use 
of alcoholic beverages is of all scourges the most wide 
and withering. , ^ q „ 

-The Bar-Room as a Bank.-You depos.t your money 
-and lose it. Your time-and lose it. Your character^ 
and lose it. Your health-and lose it. Your strength- 
arid lose it. Your manly independence— and lose it. 
Your home comfort-and lose it. Your wife's happmess- 
and lose it. Your children's happiness— and lose 
own soul— and lose it. 

_In Sweden the saloons are closed on pay day, and 
the banks are kept open from early morning until mid- 
night The government is protecting the laboring men 
against the greedy, ruinous saloon traffic, and encour- 
aging them to put their money in the bank. I would be 
a commendatory act if our government would take an 
equal interest in her citizens. 

-Saloon men often boast that they start things. 
Tiiey do,-bungs; also brawls, lawsuits, trouble, expense, 
debt corruption, misery, ruin, shame, and hell. They 
are strong on the start. They also "finish things, - 
happiness, home, reputation, self-respect, reason, love, po- 
sition, hope. Any man who "takes a little," to clear his 
vision, ought to " see his own finish." _ 

—Every luxury enjoyed by the rum-seller and his family 
comes out of those who patronize his bar; hence, while 
he takes his comfort, napping in his easy chair, or rid- 
ing in his top-buggy, drawn by a docked horse with a 
gold-mounted harness, his customers make music with 
their wood-saws or trudge along on foot, with bare toes 
sticking out of their worn-out boots or shoes.— H. H. 

—The late Dr. Guthrie of Scotland on one occasion 
expressed his opinion of whisky in these words: "Whis- 
ky is good in its place. There is nothing in this world 
like whisky for preserving a man when he is dead, but 
it is one of the worst things in the world for preserving 
a man when he is living. If you want to keep a dead 
man, put him in whisky, if you want to kill a living man, 
put whisky in him." 

—A Quaker was once advising a drunkard to leave off 
his habit of drinking intoxicating liquors, " Can you tell 
me how to do it?" said the slave of the appetite. "Yes!" 
answered the Quaker, "it is just as easy as to open thy 
hand, friend." " Convince me of that, and I will promise 
you to do as you tell me," replied ^the drunkard. "Well, 
my friend, when thou findest any" vessel of intoxicating 
liquor in thy hand, open the hand that contains it before 
reaching thy mouth, and thou wilt never be drunk again." 
We are told that the toper was so well pleased with this 
plain advice that he followed it and became a sober man. 


Notes From Our Correspondents 

"As cold water to a 

i is good news from a far country " 

St. Francis.— On Christmas Day we met In council at 2 
P. M. Our elder, Bro. H. J. Lily, being absent, Bro. Lee 
Woodiel presided. Very little business came before the meet- 
ing. We reorganized our Sunday school as follows: Bro. 
D L Burns, superintendent; Sister Minnie Brown, secretary. 
Bro. Slonlker Is our permanent prayer meeting leader. — D. 
L. Burns, Palestine, Ark., Jan. 5. 

Empire. — We. the members of the Empire church, Cal., have 
great reasons to rejoice for the refreshing showers from the 
presence of the Lord. Bro. D. L. Miller gave us a two weeks' 
series of meetings, which was enjoyed by both the members 
and outsiders. The attendance was large. An aged father 
was restored. Sister Gillstrop, the wife of Bro. Chas. Gill- 
strop, was baptized. On New Year's Day we met In council. 
Considerable business came before the meeting and was dis- 
posed of in a Christian spirit. It Is gratifying to see the 
Empire church grow. It was organized about nine months 
ago with about fifteen members. With Bro. J. W. Deardorf 
as our elder we now have a membership of seventy-five. We 
hope to have a membership of two hundred in a year from 
now. Prospects look bright for this church, and we expect 
to have a house for worship completed by next fall. We have 
preaching each Sunday, and a live Sunday school. May the 
Lord continue to bless the efforts put forth in this favored 
spot of the earth, the Eden of the San Joaquin Valley, and 
may he also bless the work throughout the world. — Levi 
Wlnklebleck, Modesto. Cal., Jan. 3. 

Fmitvale church met in council Dec. 25, with Bro. M. E. 
Andrews in charge. Church officers were elected as follows: 
Bro. M. E. Adams, elder; Bro. J. B. Webster, clerk; Sister 
Ella Webster, Messenger agent. Sunday-school officers were 
also elected, with Bro. J. E. Webster, superintendent. Sister 
Addie Brown was chosen president of Christian Workers, and 
Bro. J. B. Webster, secretary. Two have been received by 
letter. Bro. Jesse and Sister Ella Webster, of McPherson, 
Kans., have lately located here and are well pleased with 
their new home in the land of sunshine and flowers. Oranges 
hang on the trees all winter, and roses bloom every month 
In the year. Brethren seeking homes In the West are Invited 
to come and look at our country. Any information given by 
the writer. — Alice Myers, Bangor, Cat., Jan. 1. 

Imperial Valley church held Its first council since Its or- 
ganization, on New Tear's Day. Sunday-school officers were 
elected for the coming year. Five brethren were chosen as a 
board of trustees, who will at once assume control of the 
church site, recently purchased at this place. It was decided 
to hold a series of meetings in the spring. A committee was 
appointed to make the necessary arrangements and secure the 
services of an evangelist, and, If possible, to have a four 
weeks' series of meetings, two weeks at this place and two 
near Holtvllle. Sister Emma E. Piatt was elected delegate 
to district meeting, with the writer as alternate. Ten letters 
were read and these members were duly added to our number, 
Two deacons were elected. Bro. J. Huff, with his wife, wa3 
duly Installed In office the following day, but the other one 
elected could not be with us. We enter upon the new year 
with bright prospects.— W. M- Piatt, El Centro. Cal., Jan. 2. 

Sontb I.OB Angeles.— The members of this church held a 
watch meeting on New Tear's eve. engaging In special prayer 
for the success of the church and the saving of souls during 
the year. We met again on New Tear's Day forft«Ung and 
prayer, as recommended by our Annual Conference. Our 
pastor Bro. Wertenbaker, arranged for a special prog. 
Although the weather was very Inclement, a goodl. 
were present at both services.— Edith Trostle Kelm corner 
Sixth Avenue and West Twenty-flfth Street, Los Angeles, Cal., 


Sterling.— Bro. I. J. Rosenberger began a series of meetings 
nee 2G and closed Jan. 2, preaching in all ten sermons. Jan. 
2 a collection of S5 was taken for general missionary purpose^. 
There wer e no additions to the church, but the members were 
greatly strengthened.— Ada Spohr, 322 Walnut Street, Ster- 
ling, Colo., Jan. 4. 

Nezperce church met in council, recently, with Bro. B. J. 
Flke acting as moderator, assisted by Bro. L. H . Eby. The 
following officers were elected for one year: Bro. J. S. Gripe, 
elder; Bro. Iven Jorgan. clerk; the writer correspondent. 
Sunday-school officers are as follows: Bro. I. L. F Ike, super, 
interment- Sister Murl Johnson, secretary. Christian Work- 
ers officer*- Sister Nora Brallier, president; Sister Ivy 
Waiter secretary Bro. J. B. Lehman Is superintendent of 
JTayer meeting Amount of money collected during the year 
for missionary purposes is $212.65. Amount collected by_the 
ChrHtr a rWorkers, P S6 G. 9 2; amount collected by birthday of- 
ferings, $20; Sunday-school collections, $70.64.-^Wm. H. 
Lichty,' Nezperce, Idaho, Dec. 28. 

Allison Prairie.— On New Year's Day we held our first 
council for 1910. But little business came before the meet- 
ing On Sunday Dec. 26. we elected new Sunday-school officers 
and teachers, with Brethren Albert Obenchatn. superintendent 
and Bro. Ernest Fry. secretary.' In the evening we elected 
Christian Workers' officers for six months, after which our 
elder. Bro. S. W. Garber, gave a few Christmas thoughts — 
Flossie E. Moore, LawrencevUle, 111., Jan. 6. 

Decatur Mission.— In compliance with a decision passed at 
the last district meeting of Southern Illinois, the installation 
services of the officers and teachers of the Mission Sunday 
school were conducted by the pastor at the close of the ser- 
mon, yesterday morning. The officers and teachers feel the 
great responsibility of caring for, and instructing, those dl- 
rectlv under their care and teaching. May all of us do our 
duty'and regard it as a grand privilege to labor for the salva- 
tion of souls.— M. Flory, Decatur, 111., Jan. 3. 

Dixon church met in council Dec. 20. at 7 o'clock, with our 
elder Bro. John Heckman. presiding. Sunday-school officers 
for 1910 were elected as follows: Sister Taylor, superintendent; 
Bro Hicks, secretary; Sister Margaret Lehman, chorister. 
The writer was chosen correspondent, and Bro. Samuel Forney. 
Messenger agent. Bro. John Heckman was retained as elder 
for another year. Bro. Shaw recently conducted a three 
weeks' series of meetings. The attendance was good. Two 
were baptized and one brother reclaimed.— Lula Moats, R. D. 
7, Box 102, Dixon, HI-, Dec. 28. 

Pine Creek.— Eld. J. G. Royer was recently with us and held 
a Bibfe Institute, which was a great inspiration to our Sun- 
dav-school workers. We began on Christmas evening and 
closed Jan. 2. It was the first one we ever held at Pine 
Creek and. to say the least, was very helpful and much good 
was accomplished. Even though the snow was a hindrance and 
the roads badly drifted, at times, the attendance was good. 
In the forenoon we had lessons from 10 to 12:15 each day, 
and from 7 to 8: 30 each evenlne. Last Sunday mornlng_ Bro. 
Rover touched all the homes of the community by preaching a 
strong sermon to the parents. In the evening he ably ad- 
dressed the young people.— C. C. Price, Polo. 111.. Jan. 4. 

Southern Illinois.— The District Mission Board will meet at 
the home of Eld. D. J. Bllckenstaff, near Oakley, Jan. 17. 
Our workers should all report prior to that date. We also 
ask the churches of our District to respond at once with the 
apportionment money now due. The Committee lacks the 
funds with which to meet their present obligations. This 
will be a disappointment to some of our workers who can ill 
afford to wait.— W. H. Shull, Vlrden, 111., Jan. 6.- 

Sterling church has much cause for rejoicing as the new 
year Is opening up. Our former pastor, Bro. Ezra Flory. and 
family, have located with us again, and we feel, like Paul. 
to thank God and take courage. There are large opportunities 
open for us. and there Is plenty of work for willing workers. 
We would appreciate If brethren could locate with us. We 
have a nice churchhouse. and a good prosperous town ™ 
excellent school privileges. Come over and help us,! 
A. Frantz. 310'/ Ninth Avenue, Sterling, 111., Jan. 3. 

West Center. — Bro. A. H. Llnd, one of our home ministers, 
held a two weeks' series of meetings at the above-named 
schoolhouse, where a few isolated members are residing. In 
the bounds of the Astoria church. Two dear young girls 
were received into the church by baptism.— Fay A. Rohr- 
baugh, R. D. 2, Box 13. Browning, 111., Jan. 5. 
Bachelor Biu. — At our last council Bro. Fred Myers was 
reelected Sunday-school superintendent at the house in town. 
Jan 1 occurred the joint Sunday-school meeting of the 
Bachelor Run, Upper Deer Creek, Lower Deer Creek and 
Howard churches, held at the house In Flora. Our State Dis- 
trict Sunday-school Secretary. Bro. Otho Wenger, was pres- 
ent Many said it was one of the best meetings of the kind 
they ever attended. Bro. Wenger preached the following 
evening at the country house, and on Sunday morning and 
evening in town. On Sunday afternoon our teachers and of- 
ficers of the Sunday school and Christian Workers' meeting 
were Installed. Bro. Wenger conducted the service. We 
greatly appreciated his presence. — Mattle Welty, Flora, Ind., 
Jan. 3. 

Elkhart Valley church met in council Jan. 1, with our elder, 
Bro Frank Kreider. presiding. Bro. David Anglemeyer, of 
Union Center, assisted us in the meeting. Eight letters were 
received and seven granted. Brethren Frank Kr?tder, Joe 
Miller and Eli Garber were chosen as a committee to secure 
a minister to assist in a 'series of meetings next fall.— Wil- 
liam Brubaker, Elkhart. Ind., Jan. 1. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 1, our elder. Bro. 
David Dilllng, presiding. Two letters were granted. We re- 
organized our Sunday school for one quarter. Bro. Roy Brant 
was elected superintendent. We had preaching services in 
the evening: also on Sunday morning following, and in the 
evening, by the elder. One letter was read at the morning 
service, and accepted by the church. — Bessie Guinn. R. D. 21, 
Buck Creek, Ind.. Jan. 1. 

Howard. — Bro. Metzler began a series of meetings for us 
Dec 11. closing Dec. 26. The church was greatly strengthened. 
On the following evening. Dec. 27, Bro. Miller, of La Place, 
111., preached for us. — Goldle Henry, R. D. 2, Kappa, Ind.. 
Jan. 5. 

Indianapolis.— The church here met In council on Saturday 
evening, Jan. 1. On account of the inclement weather, and 
the absence of a number of our members from the city, the 
attendance was small. Bro. I. E. Branson, our elder, was 
present and opened the meeting. Two letters, including that 
of our pa --tor, Eld. J. C. Murray, were read. The church hav- 
ing expressed a desire to select an elder for the oversight 
of the church, a vote was taken, and Bro. Murray was 
unanimously chosen for the position. Little other business 
of importance, except the annual election of church and 
Sunday-school officers, was transacted, The following church 

officers were reelected: Clerk and treasurer, 

trustee and Messenger agent, F. P. Hoffert. 

elected correspondent. All the old Sunday-school officers were 

retained for another year, Bro. S. A. Hylton continuing as 

superintendent, and Sister Naomi Hahn as secretary.— W. A. 

Lawrence, Central Indiana Hospital for Insane, Indianapolis, 

Ind., Jan. 6. 

Daporte. — Bro. D. R. Beard, a student at Bethany Bible 
School, Chicago, held a successful singing class here, giving 
twelve lessons, beginning Dec. 33, and closing on Christmas 
evening. Bro. Beard also filled the appointments Dec. 19 and 
■>G Eld I D: Parker came Jan. 2 and preached an Installation 
sermon In the forenoon. His subject was, "Thoughts for 
Sunday-school Workers." At the close he conducted a special 
installation service for the Sunday-school_ officers and J;each- 
ers of the coming year, according to dis' 
Eld. Noah H. Shutt will begin 
Si — Rachel C. Merchant. R. D. 

_ ...strict minutes of 19i 

_jrles of meetings here Jan. 

Box 12G, Laporte, Ind., Jan. 

Maple Grove. — Bro. Jas. Peters was elected superintendent 
of the Sunday school, and Sister Bessie Neff president of 
Christian Workers' meeting for the coming year. The church 
official board appointed teachers and substitute teachers for 
each of the ten classes. These were all duly installed by the 
elder This complete organization, in addition to the twenty- 
six Strong practical sermons, delivered by Bro. Henry Wy- 
song, with two added to our number, gives us ample reason 
to feel encouraged In the work.-J. O. Culler, New Pans, 
Ind.. Jan. 2. 

IHezico.— Bro. S. F. Sanger, of South Bend, came to this 
church Dec 4, and remained until the evening of the 26th. 
During a part of the time the weather was unfavorable and 
the attendance was not as large as we should like to have 
seen It Bro. Sanger's sermons were largely along doctrinal 
lines and were listened to with the best of interest. Four 
were added to our number.— A. D. Lair, Mexico, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Middlefork church met In council Dec. 27. Eld. David Metz- 
ler of Nappanee. presided. Eld. J. H. Wright, of North Man- 
chester, will preach for us for a year. We reorganized Sun- 
day school and Christian Workers' meeting. Bro. Dennis 
HufTord was chosen superintendent of Sunday school, and 
Sister Nettie Kempher Is president of Christian Workers' 
meeting— Anna E. Goehenauer, R. D. 1, Box 26. Rossvllle. 
Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Mt. Pleasant church met in council Jan. 1, with our elder. 
Bro E N. Goshorn, presiding. Considerable business came 
before the church. Seven letter* were granted Sunday 
school and Christian Workers' officers were elected 
ren Daniel Miller and Isaac Huffman ■ 
school superintendents, and Lera Huffi 

Charts Ron* was elected president of Christian Workers 
society Bro Harley Ronk was chosen Messenger agent. A 
collection of $21.82 was taken up. Bro. David Stoner preached 
a very interesting sermon on Sunday morning.— Lera Huff- 
man, R. D. 1, New Boss, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Worth liberty.— Bro. J. M. Moore, of Chicago, came to this 
place Nov 27 to conduct a series of meetings, closing Dec. 21. 
Sister Winnie Crlpe led the song service, which added much 
to the interest of the meetings. Two await baptism. On 
Timnkszivine: Day a collection of $27.75 was taken foi 
Bethany Bmie School. Chicago, Ill.-Doretha Foot, North 
Liberty, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Pleasant Hill church met Jan. 1 to reorganize Sunday school, 
ere installed for six months. Bro. Chas. Mye— 

chosen Sunday- 
secretary. Bro. 



uperintendent; Bro. Gump, secretary, and Bro. Jerry 
treasurer The writer was appointed conespondrnt for 
-LM.iing year. Our aged elder. Bro. Jeremiah Gump, aided by 
Bro David Hart, preached an encouraging New Tears ser- 
mon on the following Sunday. « 
genera] cause of Christianity, 
elder with us, 

The sixtieth anniversary oi nis ra*iw U . B « lu ,f OL ",-"r o H 
occurs Jan 17. Our joint Sunday-school convention was held 
Dec 18 The attendance was small, owing to the severe cold 
weather. We enjoyed repeated talks on varlous^topics-Jrom 
Bro. Lafayette Steele, of Walkerton, 
Bro Steele delivered two excellent s 
stay with us. — Elsie E. Cobbs, R. D. 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

Pleasant Valley church met in council at the Valley house 
Jan 1 Bro. Blocher presided. Two letters were granted. 
Bro John Jones was chosen superintendent at the Jordan 
house and Bro. Walter Clark at the Valley house.-Orpha E. 
Rodeheffer, R. D. 41, Union City, Ind. : 

Bock Run church_met in council Dec. 
Berkey . 
partments, and officers 

to advancing age, 
en to younger elders. Bro. 

Prayers were offered for the 
We were pleased to have our 
"has 'been, in poor health for some time. 

Ind., also from others, 
srmons during his sho#t 
1, Box 24, Huntertown, 


D, with Eld. I. L. 

Reports were given from the different de- 

ere elected for the coming year. 

Aner^seVving' the church as elder for nearly a quarter of 

century, Bro. Berkey requested that, owin 

the oversight of the church be given to y. 

John B Weaver was elected for one year.. A vote of thanks 
was given Bro. Berkey for his faithful service^ Bro. Martin 
Cripe was elected trustee for three years: Bro. A. Ulery, 
clerk and correspondent; Bro. Clarence Cripe. Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Madge Ulery, secretary; Sister Edythe 
Swartz. president of Christian Workers' meeting; Sister 
Edythe P etcher, secretary. Bro. Samuel Burger commenced 
a series of meetings at this place yesterday.-A. Ulery, Gosh- 
en, Ind., Jan. 3. 

Second South Bend church met in council Dec. 31 with Eld. 
S F Sanger presiding. Several letters were read and ac- 
cepfed. A S 11 church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers 
officers were elected. Brethren S. F. Sanger and G. D. Zolle.s 
were again chosen to act jointly as elders for another year 
Bro Geo. Senseman was reelected trustee for a period I of 
three vears Bro. R. O. Roose was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent, also president of Christian Workers' meeting, 
with Sister Edith Mock. secretary.-James H. Thpmas, 617 
Cashing Street, South Bend, Ind.. Jan. 3. 

St. Joseph Valley.— Bro. Lafayette Steele condiiL-ted_ a short 
series of meetings for us during Holiday 
baptized and we feel that 
spiritually-— Addle OUnger, 

have been 

eek. Three were 
n ch strengthened 
South Bend, Ind.. 

; to 

?est church 
us many gospel 

We trust 

Sugar Creek^-Bro. Reuben Shroyer came 
Dec 8, and preached until the 29th. He gave 
truths to meditate upon, but no one seemed willing to unite 
with the church. Our Sunday school began the New Tear 
With Bro Harvey Kreider as superintendent—Mrs. Grace 
Kreider, South Whitley, Ind., Jan. 1. 

Union City.— Bro. Geo. Deardorff recently closed -■■■•■ 
weeks' series of meetlngs^for 
the interest was good. " 
There were no additions, yet ... 

close Two meeting were held In town, at the homes of 
members who were deprived of the privilege of meeting with 
™ Owing to he condition of our brother's health the meet- 
ing, chased sooner than we had expected. On Sunday morn- 

nl Jan 2. we reorganized the Sunday school after which 
Bro. Deardorft gave an instructive talk to the ch.ldren.-Effie 
K Netzley, K. D. 41. Union City, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Walnut— Bro P. B. Fitzwater delivered seven interesting 
lectures on the Book of Revelation and seven Instructive <>>=- 
nnsltorv sermons on First Corinthians, at this place, during 
tne Holidays Since our last report this Sunday school has 
ral ;ed S25.50 by collection and the picture scheme, and the 

Union lunday school, south of Argos (111 for th , Chicago 

Extension Fund.— Susan Puterbaugh, Argos, Ind., Jan. 6. 
aanlson.— The Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. J. E- 

Mill ™of Mt. Morris, 111,, closed last evening with a tern- 

_j labored earnestly and 

uch good has been done. 

umber were brought very 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


perance sermon. Sickness and cold weather kept some from 
coming: but those who could attend had a pleasant meeting. 
We are expecting- Bro. W. R, Miller at an early date, to give 
us a series of illustrated lectures. — Miss Estella Blough, 
Garrison, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Waterloo church met in council Dec. 14, with Eld. A. P. 
Blough presiding. Notwithstanding a driving snowstorm the 
attendance was good. A collection of $50 was taken during 
the meeting, to provide necessary comforts for missionaries 
in India. Bro. Emmert, of Mount Morris, 111., will conduct 
a Bible school in our city church from Jan. 16 to 23 Inclusive. 
Studies will be taken from Galatians and Life of Christ. One 
of our ministers, Bro. J. S. Zimmerman, is attending Bethany 
Bible School. He will begin work as district evangelist March 
1. Jan. 2 a Joint Christian Workers" meeting of our two 
churches was held in our city church. Among other things 
we enjoyed a talk by our former missionary worker, Sister 
Eva Lichty. She la now attending Bethany Bible School. 
Sister Elizabeth Arnold is our missionary worker here, since 
Sister Lichty has gone. — Lizzie A. Witter, 1002 Randolph 
Street, Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 6. 


Don-ance church recently held a three weeks' series of 
meetings. Bro. Leonard Root, of Colorado City, Colo., our 
District evangelist, came to us Dec. 12 and held meetings 
until Dec. 30, " when Bro. Otto Feiler continued until the 
evening of Jan. 2. The services were well attended. Nine 
were baptized. Thirteen inches of ice had to be cut in order 
to baptize some of them. Dec. 20 we met in council, In charge 
of the District Mission Board. Bro. Dan Crist, of Qulnter, 
was also with us. Two letters were received. Bro, Otto 
Feiler, with his wife, was installed into the second degree 
Of the ministry- Our Sunday school was reorganized the 
same day, with Bro. Feiler as superintendent. We ask the 
prayers of the brethren and sisters in behalf of the little 
church at Dorrance.^— Rebecca J. Rankin, Dorrance, Kans., 
Jan. 4. 

Garden. City church met in council Dec. 24, Bro. Crist pre- 
siding. Bro. J. E. Crist was chosen as our elder for the com- 
ing year. Church officers were elected as follows: Bro. D. 
C Wampler, secretary and treasurer; Sister Gump, solicitor; 
Sister Goff correspondent; Bro. D. C. Wampler, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Bro. A. W. Goff, president of Christian Work- 
ers' Band. Bro. Crist preached for us on Christmas Day; al- 
so the next Monday night.— May Golf, 404 E. Fulton Street, 
Garden City, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Grenola church met in council Jan. 1. Officers were elected 
as follows: Sunday-school superintendent, Sister Ida Logsdon; • 
secretary. Sister Eva Wise; Christian Workers' president. 
Sister Mary Dory; secretary, Sister Flora Wise. Bro. O. A. 
Scogin was elected Messenger agent. Bro. S. E. Lantz was 
chosen as our presiding elder for the coming year. Bro. N. 
E Baker, of Arkansas City, will be with us some time dur- 
ing this month in a two weeks' Bible Institute. The exact 
date will be given later. In order that any one wishing to 
be with us may make arrangements with some of the breth- 
ren to meet them. We would be glad to have a number of 
brethren and sisters with us at that time. — Grace Schul, Gre- 
nola, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Independence church met in council on New Year's Day. 
Eld E E Joyce presided. Considerable business came before 
the meeting One letter was granted. Eld. W. H. Miller was 
chosen elder for one year. Bro. Miller was elected superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school; Sister Page, secretary and 
treasurer; Bro. O. O. KIrkham, president of Christian Work- 
ers' meeting; Bro. Albert Corn, secretary and treasurer, and 
the writer, church clerk, Messenger agent and correspondent. 
Brethren Miller and Kirkham. and Sister Corn, were appointed 
as a missionary committee. Sister Cora Morris, who has been 
the city missionary, has gone home. The writer has been 
chosen to take her place. The work is moving along nicely. 
Pella Carson, R. D. 2, Box S, Independence, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Osage church postponed its council from Dec. 11 to Jan. 
1 on account of bad weather. Bro. A. Neher presided in the 
absence of Bro. W. H. Leaman, who was in Lyon County. 
Two letters were received and one granted. The writer was 
chosen Sunday-school superintendent, Messenger agent and 
correspondent' Bro. D. P. Neher, chorister. Brethren Samuel 
Ulery Samuel Nicholson and David Neher were retained as 
trustees of the cemetery. Report of the same was approved; 
also the report from the sisters' aid society. Sunday-school 
teachers were chosen Jan. 2 for the coming year.— D. \\. 
Shideler, McCune, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Ottawa. — Dec. 26 our Sunday school gave a program, fol- 
lowed by a short talk to the children by Bro. W. B. Devil- 
biss Last Sunday our Sunday-school officers and teachers 
for the new year were impressed with the responsibility of 
their duties by special prayer, and a short address by Eld. 
P E Whitmer. New officers have also been elected for our 
Christian Workers' meeting and sisters' aid societies. We 
regret that Bro. John Throne and family are leaving us. 
Bro Throne has been our superintendent for over four years. 
Sister Lois has been our primary teacher, while Sister Needles 
has filled the place which only a mother in Israel can. Little 
OILve and Mina, too, will be missed.— Grace M. Eshelman, 751 
Locust Street, Ottawa, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Bomona church met in council Jan. 1, and elected church 
and Sundav-school officers for this year. Bro. O. O, Button 
was retained as elder in charge, and Bro. Alvah Beckner was 
'chosen as Sunday-school superintendent. The church Is work- 
ing in love and harmony for the Master's cause.— J. H. Saylor, 
Ramona, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Scott VaUey church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. C. A. 
Miller presiding. Very little business came before the meet- 
ing Our church and Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the coming year. We feel encouraged by the report of our 
Sunday school for the past year. It shows an Increase of 
one-fifth In attendance. Bro. E. Stewart closed a two weeks 
series of meetings at this place Dec. 19. with one convert. 
One young sister came out Oct. 16 and was baptized. She 
is now an earnest worker In the church. — Purma Smith, 
Waverly, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Crystal church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Geo. E. 
Stone presiding. Officers were elected as follows: Bro. Geo. 
E. Stone, elder; Bro. R. B. Noll, clerk; Bro. J. Brlllhart, 
treasurer! Bro. A. C. Young, with his wife, was installed In 
the first degree of the ministry. Christian Workers' meet- 
ing was reorganized with Sister Alta Witter president, and 
Sister Olive Lechner, secretary.— Jennie Witter, R. D. 1, 
Vickeryvllle, Mich., Jan. 3. 

Worth Star. — By order of the Mission Board Bro. Wm. Mc- 
Kimmy, of Beaverton, Mich., came to this place Dec 17, and 
began a series of meetings on the 18th. continuing two weeks. 
He preached fifteen sermons. On account of cold weather the 
attendance was not so large, but the interest taken by out- 
siders was good.— J. F. Sherrick, R. D. 4, Ithaca, Mich., Jan. 5. 
Sugar Ridge. — Bro. Ira Wagoner, of Chicago, gave us three 
excellent sermons Dec. 26 and 26. The following week Bro. 
W. R. Miller gave six illustrated lectures on Bible Lands. 
The interest and attendance were good. Bro. Miller preached 
for us on Sunday morning, and gave an illustrated temper- 
ance lecture in the evening. A collection was then taken for 
the Chicago Sunday-school Extension. — Nellie Teeter, R. D. 
1, Scottvllle, Mich., Jan. 6. 


Morrill congregation met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. Isaac 

N. Wagoner in charge. Sunday-school officers were elected, 

with Bro. Martin Ogg as superintendent. — Isaac Petty, Ramey, 

Minn., Jan. 4. 

Worthington. — Sunday evening closed our series of meet- 
ings. Brother and Sister Bowser, of Hancock, Minn., were 
with us for two weeks. We had splendid meetings, although 
we had zero weather most of the time. — Minnie Sehechter, 
Worthington, Minn., Jan. 4. 


Log Creek congregation met In council Jan. 1, with our 
elder, Bro. J. E. Ellenberger, presiding. Bro. D. A. Moats 
was chosen church .clerk, and the writer, correspondent. Bro. 
D. A. Moats was elected Sunday-school superintendent, and 
Sister Bernlce Stair, secretary and treasurer. We decided to 
hold a series of meetings for two weeks or more during the 
early part of October. — Grace E. Moats, Polo, Mo., Jan. 4. 

Peace Valley.— Dec. 23 Bro. J. H. Argabrlght came to us, 
and preached until Jan. 2. On the following Thursday, our 
elder, Bro. J. B. Hylton came, and assisted In the meetings. 
Two of our Sunday-school scholars came out for Christ. — 
B. Register, B, D. 2, West Plains, Mo„ Jan. 5. 

Shelby County church met In council Jan. 1, with Eld. J. S. 
Kline presiding. Church officers were elected for the coming 
year. Bro. J. A. Lapp is our writing clerk. Two letters were 
granted. Sunday-school officers were elected for the next 
six months, with Bro. Stuart Smith superintendent, and Sister 
Floy Keller, secretary, Bro. Lewis Lapp was elected president 
of Christian Workers' meeting for the next six months. — Floy 
Keller, Cherry Box, Mo., Jan. 3. 

Arcadia. — On Sunday evening we closed a two weeks' series 
of meetings, conducted by Eld. Levi Snell. The extremely 
cold weather and snow hindered many from attending. The 
members were greatly strengthened and some deep impressions 
made on others which, we hope, may result In their con- 
version. After services, on Sunday morning, we made a 
call for more help in the ministry. Bro. Geo. E. Stern was 
elected, and with his wife, was installed. Bro. C. V. Stern 
was advanced to the second degree of the ministry. Since 
our last report one letter was granted. — J. J. Tawzer, Arcadia, 
Nebr., Jan. 4. 

Miami. — Thanksgiving evening we held services, includ- 
ing a short address by Bro. Frank Gibson, An offering of 
over $6 was taken for the Chicago Extension Building Fund. . 
On the evening of Christmas Day an appropriate program was 
rendered. We met in council Jan. 1. Five letters were re- 
ceived. With two more ministers, Brethren Frank Gibson 
and S. I. Driver, we now have three workers in our con- 
■ gregation, and are to have preaching 'every Sunday. Sun- 
day-school reorganization resulted in the election of Bro. 
Gibson as superintendent, — Cora Wampler, Miami, N. Mex., 
Jan. 3. 

Chestnut.— Eld. Leander Smith, of Englevale, N. Dak., came 
to this place and held a week's meeting, preaching fourteen 
sermons, three of which were funeral sermons. Seven were 
baptized. In the evening after baptism he was invited to de- 
liver a temperance lecture In the Methodist church, There 
were about 600 people present and they were not disappointed, 
for the lecture was- excellent, Bro. Smith is a strong tem- 
perance worker.— Iva Lee Moore, Chestnut, N. C, Jan. 3. 


Salem church met In council Dec. 30, with Eld. John Deal 
presiding. Eight letters were granted. Our Sunday school 
was reorganized, with Bro. John Wampler reelected as super- 
intendent, and Sister Anna Hollinger, secretary. — Miriam 
Rhoads, Newvitle, N, Dak., Jan. 1. 

Snider Lake church met in council on Christmas Day. Our 
Sunday school was reorganized, with Bro. Wlnfield Sink as 
superintendent. Bro. Julius Belt was elected church trustee. 
Two letters of membership were granted.— Mary Deal, Brum- 
baugh, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 


Belief ontalne church met In council Dec. 18, with Bro. 
Snyder presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. B. F. Snyder, elder; Sister Bessie Kaylor, secre- 
tary. Sister Bessie Kaylor and Bro. L. E. Kauifman were 
elected Sunday-school superintendents. The writer Is Mes- 
senger agent and correspondent. Three letters were granted. 
— Noah S. Neer, Bellefontaine, Ohio, Jan. 1. 

North Bend. — Services were held at this church on Thanks- 
giving Day by the home ministers. Eld. C. J. Workman 
preached the sermon, after which a collection or $24.66 was 
taken for missionary purposes. — J. E. Daugherty, Danville, 
Ohio, Jan. 4. 

Sugar Creek. — Bro. A. I. Heestand came to us Nov. 24, and 
delivered fifteen sermons. There were no accessions, but the 
attendance and interest were good, and the members were 
spiritually built up. — Nettie Fair, Baltic, Ohio, Jan. 1. 


Bright Star church (Set in council Dec. 26, Bro. P. S. U.irt- 
man presiding. Bro. W. R, Brubaker (a minister In second 
degree) and wife were received by letter. We decided to have 
a series of meetings previous to our feast, the latter part of 
February. All business passed off pleasantly. We reorganized 
our Sunday school. Bro. J. O. Hartman was reelected super- 
intendent. — Assa A. Hartman, Reed, Okla., Jan. 3. 

Bed Biver church met In council Dec. .10. Officers for the 
coming year are Bro. A. G. Fillmore, elder; Bro. F. E. March- 
and, clerk; Bro. Otho Pobst, treasurer; Sister Cora Marchand, 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Martha Nlll, secretary. 
We expect to hold a series of meetings this month. A com- 
mittee of Brethren F. E. Marchand, Joseph Nlll and A. B. 
Coover was appointed to secure the services of an evangelist 
for a revival in August. Any one expecting to labor in 
Oklahoma will please confer with the committee. — A. B. 
Coover, Davidson, Okla., Jan. 1. 


ABhland church met in council recently. Church and Sun- 
day-school officers were elected. Our collection for home 
expenses amounted to 518.15. Our Christmas offering, of 
$5.00. was given for World-wide Missions. — Cora D. Decker, 
Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 27. 

Marcoia. — I left my home on the evening of Nov. 25 to visit 
my children in Wallowa County, Oregon, where I also lived 
some years ago. While there I held a ten days' series of 
meetings. Five accepted Christ, but as there were no members 
closer than one hundred miles, I did not baptize them, but 
promised that I would look after them at the district meet- 
ing, next July, at Weiser, Idaho. Wallowa County would be 
a good place for mission work. Who is ready to go? — W, H. 
Pullen, Marcoia, Oregon, Dec. 27. 

Mohawk church met in council on New Year's Day. Bro. 
W. H. Pullen presided. We will hold a series of meetings, 
beginning Jan. 20, if the weather is favorable. Wo will have 
preaching every two weeks and singing school after Sunday 
school on alternate Sundays. Bro. W. H. Pullen was elected 
Sunday-school superintendent; also chorister. Letters were 
granted to Bro. J. H. Foree, a minister, and family. — Sarah 
Brlcker, Mabel. Oregon, Jan. 2. 


Chicraeg congregation closed a series of meetings last even- 
ing. Bro. Rufus Bucher came Dec. 12. Twenty-six con- 
fessed Christ. It was one of the best meetings we have had 
for a number of years, and we felt that a Christian spirit 
prevailed. — Henry S. Zug, R. D. 1, Mount Hope, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Georges Creek church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld: Jasper 
Barnthouse presiding. One letter was received and one held 

over. Bro. James P. Merryeman was elected Sunday-school 
superintendent: Sister Ella Durr, secretary: Bro F F Durr 
president of Christian Workers* meeting; Sister Mary Barn- 
thouse. correspondent for Uniontown, and Bro. Playford Hel- 
mlck, for this place; Bro. Alfred Johnson, secretary. By a 
unanimous vote Eld. Jasper Barnthouse was chosen pastor 
for another year. Our free-will offering amounted to J28.26. 
Bro. Barnthouse preached for us Saturday evening and Sun- 
day morning, giving us two strong New Year's sermons. — 
Playford Helmlck. R, D. 16, Box 22, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 4. 
Lost Creek church met In council Jan. 1, with Eld. C G 
Winey presiding. The following officers were elected for 
three years: Bro. C. G. Wlnoy, housekeeper (on account of 
poor health however, he refused to serve); Bro. John Shellen- 
barger. secretary. All other church officers were retained 
for three years longer. There being only two trustees at the 
Freesprlng house, Bro. Samuel Howe was elected as a third 
one. A committee of five was appointed to secure the help 
of a minister for another series of meetings the coming year 
at the following places: Goodwill, Bro. H. J. Shellenbarger; 
Richfield, Bro. Peter Shelly: Oriental, Bro. Jacob Misser; Cross 
Roads, Bro. C. T. Frymeyer; Freesprlng, Bro. I. B. Frey. 
Sunday-school officers for the Goodwill house were elected 
with Bro, John Carney, superintendent. One letter was granted 
and one received. Bro. Jacob Richard, of Lewistown, will 
commence a series of meetings at the Freesprlng house Jan 
15. — J. B, Frey, Box 80," R. D. 2. MllTilntown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Philadelphia (First Church of the Brethren. Dauphin Street, 
above Broad Street). Since my last report one young man was 
added to the fold by baptism. Jan. 10 we expect Bro. George 
Flory, from Virginia, to begin a series of meetings. May God 
bless those services, that many dear ones may be brought to 
the foot of our Blessed Master. — Salllo B. Schnell, 1906 N. 
Park Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Quemahonlng congregation entered upon the year 1309 with 
a membership of 315. Wo lost, during the year, four of our 
number by death and twelve by letter. We baptized twenty- 
four during the year, making our present number 323. We 
have eight ministers, four of whom are ordained elders, and 
fifteen deacons. We held four series of meetings, four love 
feasts, a local Sunday-school convention, quarterly and special 
councils and special missionary, Thanksgiving and Christmas 
services. Much self-sacrificing and fuithful work was done 
In all our Sunday schools, which, wo hope, will bring a rich 
harvest In time to come. May 1010 be a prosperous year for 
the entire Brotherhood.— Jerome E. Blough, R. D. 1, Hol- 
sopple, Pa., Jan. 3. 

(Continued on Pago 48.) 


" Write whnt tli... ii in fit, and send It unto the churches. " 

The Blue River congregation of Northern Indiana, is 
unquestionably an isolated field. The nearest church, — 
Pleasant Hill, — is ten miles away, and the next, — Spring- 
held, — hfteen. Few visiting ministers get to our meet- 
ings, yet we live, and hope to live more emphatically 
in the- future. 

The writer was given the onurous duty of overseer, 
three years ago. We have encountered hard work, but 
we think we have been making progress. At present we 
see no breakers ahead, and the "fervency of spirit" is 
still with us. Three years ago our church numbered 
about one hundred. We had a good Sunday school and 
a Bible study class. Working together, we have added 
new appliances, until today we feel we are reaping sub- 
stantial gains. We have built a veneered-cemcnt-block 
house, with auditorium, Sunday-school room, and primary 
room. In our basement we have two rooms. This gives 
us a good chance to assemble the different grades in con- 
venient quarters. 

Bro. Lauren Humbarger heads our Sunday school. He 
has been, to us, a very dependable man, and is learning, 
more and more, the wonderful possibilities of the work. 
His teaching force, at present, is supplied mostly by our 
younger members — but they are full of good and seem 
ready to throw their whole energy into the work. God 
only knows what success will attend this year's efforts. 
It is a positive delight to see the several grades filing 
into the main room after a studied consideration of the 

Sister* Laura Spitler supervises the home department. 
With several consecrated helpers she will surely add much 
to this very noble division of the Sunday school. The 
department has been enrolling about twenty, but we think 
she will be able to enlarge this part of the work ma- 
terially, for there is yet new and unworked territory. 
Let all breathe a prayer to God in behalf of the unfortu- 
nate and afflicted ones who are by this work made a part 
of us. 

Sister Gertie Hire has the superintendency of the pri- 
mary work in our township, — looking to the interest of 
six schools. As she has been, however, one of our best 
qualified teachers in that department, we feel that her use- 
fulness has been helpfully widened by the enlarged field 
of action. 

Sister Neva Hire is to superintend the cradle roll de- 
partment. She is one of our young sisters but is much in 
love with the work assigned her. 

Our teacher-training class is in its incipiency. We 
think, however, that there will be a dozen in the class. 
A dozen young people gravely undertaking the better 
preparation of themselves for intelligent service in God's 
great work is inspiring. 

Bro. William Spitler is president of the Christian Work- 
ers' meeting. He enters upon the duties of his position 
with a positiveness that makes one feel glad. We have 
had this work with us less than a year, but we feel that 
our young people have been greatly stimulated for serv- 

Speaking of results, — our church has added by bap- 
tism during the last year, 28; by letter, 4; restoration, 1. 
We have lost, by letter, 4; by dismissal, 1; by death, none. 
Our present membership is 128. Of the entire number 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 

only 2S are past the active period of life. The large 
number of members in their prime means much,— more 
than we are aware. Of the number thirty-five are sin- 
gle young people. 

Our Sunday school, a year ago, averaged about sixty. 
Our secretary told me today that our average for 1909 
will be about 104. 

Financially, we are also making a record. Our church 
gave last year to missions about $40. Our Sunday 
school gives $5 a year for the support of Sister Stover 
in India. It gave to the Chicago Extension Work $25.38, 
and raised for its own work $44.02. 

Bro. John Kitson begins a series of meetings with us 
next Saturday evening. 

I think the Sunday school started on the new years 
work with greater positiveness than ever before. The 
outlook is excellent. There is much more ahead than 
there has been in the past! I may be optimistic, but it 
might be well if others were also. Walter Swihart. 

Jan. 3. — . ~»— 


We have had " showers of blessings," here in our lit- 
tle church. On Thursday evening, Dec. 23, our Sunday- 
school children gave their exercises. We were much en- 
couraged to have many of the parents with us, who were 
much pleased to have their children take part in the serv- 

Christmas Eve we distributed gifts to the poorer homes, 
giving a toy or useful garment to about sixty children. 
Those who have sent in contributions would have re- ■ 
joiced to have seen the joy and happiness in these homes, 
and would have realized more fully that "it is more 
blessed to give than to receive." 

Some of our children here, too, had a share in the 
giving. Several of the teachers of the intermediate de- 
partment gave out small bags of mosquito netting. These 
were filled by the children and brought in, to give to 
the child who, they knew, had received but little. One 
class of girls had dressed a dozen dolls. Another had 
made scrap-books. These were given to the children of 
our Sunday school and to the children of "The Home for 
Crippled Children." 

On Christmas Day we enjoyed a sermon by Bro. Ernest 

Sunday evening, Dec. 26, the Junior and Senior* Chris- 
tian Workers gave a joint program. 

On Friday evening, Dec. 31, we assembled at 9 P. M., 
to spend the closing hours of the fading year in devo- 
tional exercises. The first hour was given to the Juniors, 
the second hour to the Senior Christian Workers, and 
the last hour to a sermon by Bro. Herbert Richards. The 
services closed at 12 o'clock with fervent prayers for the 
coming new year. 

According to our Sunday-school secretary's books, 
twenty-five of our scholars have a record of perfect at- 
tendance for the year and were given diplomas. For 
some this is the first year; for others it is four, five, sev- 
en and even eight years. One stands out paramount, — 
a record of eleven years of every Sunday in Sunday 
school. She is now a consecrated worker in the mission- 
ary work at this place. 

Pray for the little band of workers here at Hastings 
Street. Lydia Stauffer. 

3435 W. Van Buren St., Jan. 3. 


In company with Brother and Sister Cable, of Water- 
loo, Iowa, I left Chico for the district meeting art North- 
ern California, which was held in the Oak Grove church, 
near Laton, in connection with the ministerial and Sun- 
day-school meetings. All were spiritual meetings and 
very effective, so much so that at the close of an extra 
service an invitation was extended, and fourteen were 
willing to follow their dear Savior. 

From there we went to Reedley, where I met my wife, 
who had gone East last March and had spent the sum-. 
mer in Goshen, Ind. We began a series of meetings in 
the Reedley church, continuing three weeks. A number 
were made willing to follow their Master. Our short 
stay with the members so greatly aroused natural love 
and affection, that we long and hope we may meet again. 

From there we returned to Laton to hold a series of 
meetings. We labored for two weeks, but closed on 
account of the rainy season setting in. We greatly en- 
joyed our stay with the Oak Grove brethren and sisters. 
We also made a short call at the Raisin City church and 
preached a few sermons. We were glad to see the im- 
provements made in the Raisin City Colony during the 
past two summers, since our meeting there the first 

We next came to the city of Fresno where we had a 
very enjoyable and pleasant meeting with Brother and 
Sister Parrett, who so kindly showed us their beautiful 
city. We were also looking for a suitable location to 
start a mission. 

From Fresno we came to Modesto. We met with the 
little colony at Empire and preached for them on Sun- 
day. In the evening we were privileged to listen to Bro. 
D. L. Miller. This was much appreciated, as we seldom 
have the opportunity to listen to a sermon. From there 

we came to Sacramento and on to Chico. My favorable 
impression of the Chico country was only made the stron- 
ger. I found Bro. Stover and his kind companion ear- 
nestly at work in the Chico church. We also saw that 
the large room of the church, which is yet unfinished, ow- 
ing to a lack of the required means to purchase the ma- 
terial, is much needed. 

We commenced a series of meetings in the Sacramento 
Valley church last evening, and shall continue for sev- 
eral weeks. We feel very grateful to our kind heavenly 
Father for his protection and the blessings that we are 
enjoying. Our prayers are that he may continue the 
same. We expect to give all of our time to his service, 
as long as we can be of use to him. Hiram Forney. 

Dec. 29. ^^ 

Love Tokens.— A box of clothing and $4.00 cash from 
the sisters' aid society of Mt. Zion, Va., at Thanksgiving 
time, and a bundle of clothing from Maryland, $2.00 from 
the Maryland Collegiate Institute, Union Bridge, Md., 
$1.42 from the Sunday school at Lewistown, Pa., and sev- 
eral boxes of eatables, which we shared with some of 
the needy in our city, were all tokens of Teal love, sent 
to us from God's dear children. God bless you all, dear 
givers of these much appreciated articles of food, rai- 
ment, money and kind words of sympathy! Already 
little bodies have been warmed and hearts cheered among 
the needy through these gifts. More calls for help are 
coming in than we can supply. 

Holiday Bible Normal.— This will be conducted by 
Bro. S. N. McCann, of Virginia. Thursday afternoon, 
Dec. 23, our home was blessed by the coming of Eld. S. 
N. McCann, now a teacher in the Bridgewater College, 
Va. Bro. McCann came to consult a specialist as to his 
health, and not until Friday noon did he know whether it 
would be possible to engage in a Bible Normal with us. 
As soon as the physician gave consent for him to teach 
(though forbidding him to preach constantly) we began 
spreading the news of the Holiday Bible Normal. We 
rejoiced in the anticipation of the happiest Holiday sea- 
son of our life. But on Christmas morning the snow be- 
gan falling, and continued, increasing in volume, until be- 
tween eight and ten inches had fallen. A number who 
had been accustomed to attend services were not able 
to come and the attendance was smaller than we had 
hoped for. The cold weather continued during the'entire 
Veek. While the interest in attendance fell below normal, 
due to the extreme cold and the Holiday season, with its 
usual Christmas services, etc., we are glad to report that 
those who were permitted to attend received the richest 
experience of their lives in real, deep, earnest Bible 
study of Christ and his church, as portrayed by the 
apostle Paul in First Corinthians. 

With the Saints in Maugansville. — On a flying trip, as 
it were, we came to the home of our Brother and Sister 
Eliab Zuck, Saturday evening, Jan. 1, 1910. Hearing that 
Eld. J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa., was to begin a 
series of meetings in the Maugansville church. Sister 
Zuck, husband and their eldest daughter took me over, 
and we enjoyed the opening sermon in Bro. Mohler's 

Snowdrifts. — We were -vividly reminded of our happy 
boyhood days in this drive through roads and fields, 
amid deep snowdrifts that, at times, threatened to upset 
us in the cold white snow. 

With the Saints in the Hagerstown Church.— Our dis- 
trict having decided in her last meeting that each church 
should fill an appointment at our Old Folks' Home, once 
a year, it was Fulton Avenue's turn on Jan. 2. It fell to 
the writer's lot to fill this appointment. We met with 
the members in Hagerstown in the morning, and preached 
from Mai. 3: 16. 

San Mar.— This is the " Faiirney Memorial Home for 
the Aged." In company with Eld. A. B. Barnhart and 
wife, we arrived here at 2 P. M., and at 2: 30' enjoyed 
worship with the saints who reside here, and a number 
of members and friends who gathered from near by. 

With the Saints in Waynesboro, — From the San Mar 
Home we hurried over to Waynesboro, Pa., where we 
arrived in time to enjoy hearing Eld. J. B. RuthraufT 
preach a most earnest and excellent sermon. We pen 
these lines from the home of our mother, with whom 
we spend about twenty hours, and then hurry hack to 
our duties in Baltimore. J. S. Geiser. 

1607 Edmondson Avenue, Baltimore, Md., Jan. 3. 


" What therefore God has joined together, let not man put asunder." 



"Blessed are the dend which die in the Lord." 

MlHTlllL'O HOtU'OB fi 

o oocompanlod by GO conta. 

Agley-Iieer. — At the home of the bride's parents, Brother 
and Sister Ira Leer, near Goshen, Ind., by the writer, Dec. 
25, 1909. Bro. Melvin Agley and Sister Elva Leer. 

Samuel J. Burger. 

Brillhart-Gerber.— At the bride's residence. Kansas City, 
Kans., Dec. 29, 1909, by the writer, Bro. Emory Brillhart and 
Sister Amelia C. Gerber, both of the Kansas City church, 
Kans. I. IT. Crist. 

Stutam an -Simmons, — At the home of the bride's parents, 
Dec. 26, 1909, Bro. Huber L. Stutsman, of Kelthvilie, Sask., 
Canada, and Sister Myrta E. Simmons, of Brookville, Ohio. 

Chas. L. Flory. 

Bolllng-er, Sister Rachel, nee Fleming, died in Long Beach, 
CaL, Dec. 13, 1909, aged 69 years and 17 days. Deceased had 
been a member of the church for many years. Five daugh- 
ters survive. Her husband, who was a minister, preceded 
her fifteen years. Five children, also, are in the spirit world. 
Services by the writer. B. P. Masterson. 

Cox, Wilson, son of Brother John and Sister Henrietta Cox, 
died Dec. 20, 1909, from the effects of an accident while em- 
ployed with the West End Gas Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, aged 24 
years, 2 months and 28 days. He leaves fattier, mother, a 
twin brother, and several others. Services at Fairview church, 
in the bounds of the Constance, Ky„ Mission, by the writer. 
TJgxt, Heb. 9: 27. John T. Moll. 

Ciunmons, Sister Mary, nee Dickey, died of old age, in the 
Middle Creek congregation, Somerset County, Pa., Dec. 26, 
1909, aged 90 years, 1 month and 24 days. Her husband pre- 
ceded her some years ago. She was the oldest member in the 
congregation and one of the most zealous and earnest work- 
ers for Christ. Services by the writer, assisted by Eld. Josiah 
Berkley. Text, Heb. 11: 13. Interment in the Middle Creek 
cemetery- H - A - Stahl. 

De France, Hattie, daughter of M. J. and Mollle McCIure, 
died at her home at Wichita. Kans., Dec. 16, 1909, aged 40 
years, 1 month and 7 days. Her husband, two sons, parents. 
six brothers and two sisters survive. Services at the Church 
of the Brethren in Cerro Gordo, HI., by Eld. J. W. Lear. In- 
terment In Cerro Gordo cemetery. Emma Wheeler. 

Degler, Sister Elizabeth, nee Merkey, wife of Bro. W. F. 
Degler, died in Royersford, Pa,, Dec. 21, 1909, aged GO years, 
1 month, and 22 days. She was married in 1870, and soon 
after she and her husband united with the Church of the 
Brethren In the Little Swatara congregation, Pa. She was 
the mother of ten children, and is survived by her husband 
and four of her daughters. Services at her home in Royers- 
ford and at the Mingo Brethren church, conducted by "her 
pastor and Eld. Jesse Ziegler, of the Mingo congregation. 
Texts, Psa. 17: 15 and Heb. 4: 9. Interment in the Mingo 
cemetery. A. W. Dupler. 

Diehl, Sister Susannah, nee Erisman. daughter of John and 
Elizabeth Erisman, and wife of John Diehl. born In Pennsyl- 
vania July 5, 1831, died of heart failure, at her home near 
New Lebanon, Montgomery County, Ohio, Dec. 16, 1909, aged 
7S years, 5 months and 11 days. With her parents she moved 
to Montgomery County, Ohio, in 1836. She was united in 
marriage with John Diehl Oct. 2, 1851, and, with her husband, 
united with 'the Church of the Brethren In October 1868, re- 
maining faithful until her death. Her husband, three sons, 
one daughter, one brother and two sisters survive. Services 
at Ebersole house in the Wolf Creek church by Bro. D. M. 
Garver, of Trotwood, Ohio. Text, Psa. 112. Interment at 
Ebersole cemetery. U- A. Landis. 

Emrick, Sister Sarah, nee Hursh, daughter of Abraham and 
Elizabeth Hursh, born in Wabash County, Ind., Aug. 5, 1S50, 
died at her home near Latty, Ohio, Dec. 21, 1909, of inflam- 
matory rheumatism and bronchitis, aged 59 years, 4 months 
and 16 days. She was united in marriage to Noah Emrick 
in Wabash County, Ind., September, 1868. One son was born 
to them, who preceded her on March 13, 1908. Sister Emrick 
devoted her life to the cause of her Master. She was a faith- 
ful member of the Old Order Brethren. Her husband, two 
sisters and one brother survive. Services at the Blue Creek 
church. Interment at the same place. Catherine' A. Hursh. 

Falkenstine, Bro. Jesse, died at Dover, York County, Pa., 
Dec. 26, 1909, aged 69 years and 9 months. He was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren for many years, and held 
his membership at Pleasant Hill. A wife, four sons and one 
daughter survive. Services by Bro. S. K. Jacobs, assisted by 
Adam Stump, the Lutheran minister. Interment at Wolf 
cemetery. S. K. Jacobs. 

Fowler, Sister Rachel, nee Ogg. born March 12, 1842, in 
Alleghany County, Md., died at her home in Payette, Idaho, 
Dec. 26, 1909, aged u? years, 9 months and 14 days. She 
united with the Brethren church in 1S63. In 1859 she was 
united in marriage to Bro. Marcus H. Fowler, who was called 
to the ministry in 1868 and ordained to the eldership in 1883. 
To this union were born four daughters and five sons, of 
whom three daughters and two sons survive. Three sisters 
and one brother also survive. About three weeks previous to 
her death she was anointed. Services in the church by Bro. A. 
L. Gorham. Text, Rev. 21: 4. S. J. Kenepp. 

Frantz, Ira David, son of Elder A. M. and Sister L. A. 
Frantz, of Dawson, W. Va., died of the effects of diphtheria. 
Dec. 9, 1909, aged 12 years, 6 months and 17 days. Brother 
and Sister Frantz had been married twenty-nine years the day 
Ira died, this being the first death in their family. The de- 
ceased had intended to be baptized during a series of meet- 
ings held by Eld. C. M. Driver, but was taken sick the second 
day of the meeting, which lasted thirty-one days. His pa- 
tience and loving-kindness during his affliction were remark- 
able indeed, and bore testimony to his acceptance of Christ. 
His father, mother, four brothers and five sisters survive. 

Viola Dolln. 
Geib, Sister Catharine, died of paralysis, at the home of her 
daughter, in the White Oak congregation, Pa., Nov. 13. 1909, 
■aged 74 years and 12 days. She was a member of the Chiques 
congregation all her life until the last few years. Her hus- 
band preceded her. Two sons and one daughter survive. 
Services at the Chiques church Nov. 16, by Eld. S. R, Zug, 
Bro. Israel Graybill and the writer. Interment In the ad- 
joining cemetery. Henry S. Zug. 

', Sister Lucy May, nee Pressel, wife of Bro. W. C. 
Hanawalt (former president of Lordsburg College), died at 
the Pomona Valley Hospital on Wednesday evening, Dec. 15, 
1909, from the effects of a major operation aged 33 years, 
lacking 23 days. As she had not been in good health for a 
number of years, her weakened condition rendered her unable 
to withstand the shock of the surgeon's table. Deceased was 
born In Bedford County, Pa., Jan. 7, 1877. She was united in 
marriage to W. C. Hanawalt, June 19, 189S. To this union 
six children were born, — the three oldest of whom survive, 
also her husband, father, mother and one brother. She be- 
came a member of the Church of the Brethren soon after her 
marriage. In the fall of 1902 she came with her husband 
and family to Lordsburg, Cal.. to undertake the task of re- 
opening Lordsburg College. She did with her might what her 
hands found to do until her health failed, two years ago. 
Services from the college auditorium by Eld. Geo. Chemberlen, 
assisted by Eld. E. Forney, on Saturday morning. Interment 
in the Evergreen cemetery, near Lordsburg, Cal. 

■ Grace Hileman Miller. 
Holderman, Edmund, born at Eaton, Ohio, Dec. 17, 1832, 
died of kidney trouble, at his home in North Manchester, Ind.. 
Dec. 25, 1909, aged 77 years and S days. He was a member 
of the Christian church for twenty-two years. His wife, 
three sons and three daughters survive him. Services in the 
Church of the Brethren by Rev. O. HIdy, of the Christian 
church. Alice Mummert. 

Johnston, Alice Virginia, nee Garman, died at her home at 
Milnor, Pa., Dec. 19, 1909, aged 36 years, 7 months and 3 days. 
She leaves an aged father and mother, husband, six children, 
a sister and several brothers. Services by Brethren C. H. 
Steerman and John Wallick, in the Shank church. Interment 
in the adjoining cemetery. - Frances M. Lelter. 

Kurtz, Sister Susan, daughter of Brother George and Sis- 
ter Lydia Irvin, born in Golden Corners, Wayne County, Ohio, 
Feb. 3, 1849, died of pleuro-pneumonla, at Wooster, Ohio, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1910. 


Nov. 7, 1909, aged 60 years, 9 months and 4 days. She was 
a life-long- resident of the county of hor birth. In 1S76 she 
was married to Isaac Brumbaugh. To this union was born 
one daughter. After Bro. Brumbaugh's death she was mar- 
ried to Adam Kurtz, who preceded her thirteen years ago. 
Sister Kurtz was a woman of a beautiful Christian character 
and left the impress of her teaching and ways upon those 
about her. She is survived by her only daughter, four broth- 
ers and two sisters. Services by the Brethren at the home. 
Interment in Wooster cemetery. R. M. Moo maw. 

Leslie, Sister Martha, died at the home of her daughter, 
Mrs. Isaac Cripe, in Cerro Gordo, 111., Dec. 5. 1903, aged 83 
years, 11 months and 27 days. She was the mother of twelve 
children; of whom only one survives. Sister Leslie was a 
member of the. Church of the Brethren for nearly fifty years. 
Services by Elders J. W. Lear and A. L. Bingaman. Inter- 
ment In Frantz cemetery. Emma Wheeler. 

Lint, Sister Anne Elizabeth, beloved wife of Josiah N. Lint, 
died on Monday, Dec. 27, 1909, at three o'clock in the after- 
noon, at her home in Meyersdale, Pa. Sister Lint was the 
eldest child of Alexander E. and Lydia E. Shumaker. She was 
born in Meyersdale, Pa., Feb. 23. 1869. At the time of her 
death her age was 40 years, 10 months and 4 days. At the 
age of seventeen, during a protracted meeting held in the 
local congregation by the late Bro. John Flory, Sister Lint, 
with about sixty others, put on Christ, and since then has 
been an untiring and devoted worker in the Master's vineyard. 
Her work for the Master, however, dates from the time when 
she, was twelve years of age. From that time almost until 
her death she was identified with the Sunday school as an 
earnest and successful teacher. She was, also the chorister 
of the church, which position she filled with credit. She had 
been ailing for some time, but was compelled to take her bed 
only three weeks prior to her death. Besides her broken- 
hearted husband, Josiah N. Lint, the deceased is survived by 
three sons. She also leaves her parents, Alexander E. Shu- 
maker and Lydia Elizabeth (Lint) Shumaker. She leaves two 
brothers and two sisters, including Ida C Shumaker, who, 
at the recent Conference was chosen as a teacher in the 
India Mission field, and' whom the Sunday schools of Western 
Pennsylvania have pledged to support. The funeral services 
were conducted In the Meyersdale Church of the Brethren 
on Wednesday, Dec. 29. The services were conducted by Bro. 
Daniel K. Clapper, assisted by Bro. Samuel P. Maust. In- 
terment was made immediately after the services in Union 
cemetery. W. A. Shoemaker. 

Maloy, Sister Catherine, nee Hoover, died in the bounds of 
the Bethel church, Ind., Dec. 28, 1909, aged 79 years, G months 
and 5 days. She united with the church at the age of eighteen 
years and continued faithful until death. In 1853 she was 
united in marriage to John Maioy. To this union were born 
five children, two of whom, with her husband, preceded her. 
Services at Pleasant View Chapel, by Eld. W. B. Neff, assisted 
by the writer. W. E. Deeter. 

Oaks, Samuel F., born near Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Sept. 12, 
1859, died near the same city Dec. 25, 1909, aged 50 years, 
3 months and 13 days. He was married to Ella Paul at 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 13. 1S94, who preceded him In 1906. To 
this union were born two sons. Deceased was again married 
to Mrs. Calla B. Shldaker, Sept. 8, 1909, who, with the two 
sons, survives. Services at the home by the writer. Text, 
2 Cor. 1: 3, 4. Interment at Maple Hill cemetery. 

A. S. Neher. 
Boot, Sister Edna May, daughter of Brother and Sister 
John Root, died near New Lebanon. Ohio, in the bounds of the 
Wolf congregation, Dec. IS, 1909, a^ed 12 years, 4 months and 
29 days. She united with the Church of the Brethren Sept. 
8, 1907, and remained faithful until death. Her father, 
mother, two sisters and one brother survive. One brother has 
preceded 'her. Services at Ebersole house, by Bro. D. M. 
Garver, of Trotwood, Ohio. Text, Isa. 11: 6. Interment at 
Ebersole cemetery, D. A. Landls. 

Shilling, Edna Ann. nee Simpson, born near Danville, Pitt- 
sylvania County, Va., March 21, 1S49, died near Gratis, Preble 
County, Ohio, Dec. 15, 1909, aged 60 years, 8 months arid 24 
days. She united with the Missionary Baptist church early 
in life Later she changed her fellowship to the Methodist 
church and remained faithful until death. Aug. 4, 1S6S, she 
was married to Wm. Riley Shilling. To this union were born 
eleven children, three of whom preceded her. After their 
marriage she and her husband removed to Washington County, 
Va., and in 1898 came to Preble County, Ohio. In her last 
illness she suffered intensely since the first of October. Her 
husband and eight children survive. Services by the pastor 
of her own church. B. P. Petry. 

Snipe, Bro. John, died In the Woodstock congregation, near 
St. Luke. Va., Dec. 12, 1009, aged 66 years, 1 month and 12 
days. He is survived by his wife, three sons and two daugh- 
ters. Services at the home by Bro. J. H. Smith, and at Powels 
Fort by Eld. Wm. Peters. Interment at Powels Fort. 

M. H. C6pp. 
Bhively, Bro. David, died in the Mt. Zion church, Tuscarawas 
County, Ohio, Oct. 10, 1909, aged 66 years, 2 months and 12 
days. He served the church as deacon for a number of years 
and was greatly interested In Sunday school. His wife, two 
sons and a daughter survive. Services by the writer. 

Edward Loomis. 
Smawley, Susnn, nee Brown, was born in Huntingdon County, 
Pa., April 15. 1S27, died at her late home in South English, 
Iowa, Dec. 30; 1909, aged 82 years, 8 months and 1G days. 
She was married to John Smawley, Nov. 25, 1S47. One year 
after their marriage they moved to Johnson County, Iowa, 
wh'ere they resided until 1869. when they moved on a farm 
one mile south of South English, Iowa. Five years ago they 
retired from the farm, and moved to South English. Seven 
children blessed tftls union. In IS49 she was converted and 
joined the Church of God, and lived a faithful, devoted Chris- 
tian life to the end, being loved and respected by all with 
whom she came in touch. During her last years she suffered 
much, being almost wholly deprived of her natural sight, 
with many other afflictions, hut bore it all with Christian 
fortitude, She leaves four daughters, one son, an aged 
companion, with whom she had trod life's pathway for over 
sixty-two years, he being about eighty-eight years old. Funeral 
in South English, Jan. 1, 1910, by Eld. Peter Brower. Text, 
Rev. 14: 13. Peter Brower. 

Speck, Sister Llllie B.. nee Fox, died near Shady Grove, In 
the Falling Spring church, Franklin County, Pa., Dec. 26, 1909, 
aged 54 years, 9 months and S days. Her death was sudden. 
She was attacked by a severe cough, which caused her death 
in a few minutes. Sister Speck was a devoted Christian and 
loved by all who knew her. She leaves a husband, five sons 
and four daughters, two brothers and one sister, also two half- 
brothers and two balfsisters. One son being absent, the 
funeral was postponed until Saturday. Jan. 1. Services at 
the home by the home minister. Text, Matt. 24: 44. Inter- 
ment in cemetery at Price's church. Wm. C. Koontz. 

Thomas, Sister Bettie, died of nervous troubles, in Redoak 
Grove congregation, Floyd County, Va.. Dec. 6, 1909, aged 52 
years, 3 months and 2 6 days. She was received into the 
church about two months before her death, though she was 
not able to be baptized. Three sons, two daughters and an 
aged father survive. Interment in the Redoak Grove cemetery. 

Ella Bowman. 
Witmer, Bro. Daniel R., born in Lancaster County. Pa., 
July 3, 1833, died at Collins, Iowa, Dec. 17, 1909, aged 76 years, 
5 months and 14 days. In 1S56 he married Mary Diffendorfer. 
To this union were born seven children. After the death of 
"is first wife he came to Iowa, and in 1872 was married to 
Annlo Diffendorfer. To this union four children were born. 
He united with the Brethren church in 1879 and remained 
faithful to the end. Services at the Indian Creek church, by 
Eld. Samuel Goughnour. Interment in the cemetery near by. 

Walter L. Troup. 


By H. B. Brumbaugh. 

This work contains the declaration of 
faith, parliamentary rulings, burial services, 
| and treats on taking the oath, temperance, 
| nonconformity to the world, and other sub- 
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I . workers and lay members should have a 
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t Price, 15 cents 

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These little volumes are highly praised 
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If you are interested in the lives of great 
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A set of these little books should find their 
way into each and every well-planned library. 
Average number of pages per book is 175, Bound 
in cloth. Artistic cover design. 

Life and" 
Sermons of Elder 
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We have just completed the Second Edition 
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have printed a few hundred copies besides 
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devout men among us, and it will do the younger 
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The book contains 426 pages, large, clear print, 
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much to the appearance and value of the publi- 
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Brumbaugh. Besides the interesting sketch of 
Bro. Quintcr's life and labors there is a full ac- 
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Part Two contains some forty of Brother 
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there throughout the Brotherhood. 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 16, 1910. 

i Saturday, Jan. ren 

(Concluded from Page 46.) 

Pa., Jan. 1. _* 

spring BO church recently closed an mteresUhg sorles of 

good througho 
by baptism. — 1 


home missionary committee's 

Two letters were granted and 

some impressive talks, 
report was read and accepted. - 

two received. Our Sunday-school superintendents are Bretiv 
Wright and W. E. Driver. Bro. D. 


Ben Garber'are"the leaders of Christian Workers' meeting for 
?ix months One sister was baptized at Wayside in Member 
We are encouraged by the results of our efforts there.— Ruth 
E Williams, Mt Sidney, Va., Jan. 3. 

Topeco church met In council Jan. 1, with small attendance. 
Eld. Ananias Harmon presided. One letter was gr 

Creek churchhouse. 

The attendi 

tll o "meeting. One young raai 

M Miller, Mattawana, Pa., Jan. 4. 

.L.Ta...^ -<< m&m > lf .rship were granted. 


at Ea 

at the alummert hous 

will be 

i, May 21 and 22, at 1:30 P. M,- 

Bowser, East 

lin, Pa., Jan. 2. 

W»« oo^ra church closed a '^J^S^X 

rail Biver MUBioa.— We are glad to learn, through the 
M fs«„ger' s tha1 are given us. of .the tagatherlng^o^ souls at 
other places as 
C. Carmin, of 01 
the line of preparing 

here. We have in our field Bro. 
"of Ohio, who is teaching for the » Government m 
■ food and caring for the sick. Pie has 
■ song service, and has given 

Seventeen have been baptized. 


great help to 

to stop with us. The deacons and younger members are do- 
to stop wiui . u i . carmin with his class, attends the 

Newport. R. I., Jan. 3. TENNBSSEE . 

Tate soriMs.— The writer went to Meadow Branch church 
In Granger Lountv. Dec. 20 and oegan a series ot meetings, 
helX StS I by Bro. John Murray, elder of that congrega- 
tion* We continued the meetings two weeks. FWe applied 
for membership and will be baptized in the near future. Tl e 
£3?- "ont SS.^Out rtrl U t°ree?,t 00 wi„ T 'co e „vr f 
thai place next fall.-Jesse D. Clark, Jonesboro, Tenn., Jan. 5. 

Canadiaa.-We have been living at this place for over two 
veara There are no other members here and of course we feel 
dome and would be glad to welcome any who pass through 
to sto" and visit us. We live near the depot and anyone 
could direct you ' to our home, 
passing through on the train, 
except my father, 
fortune of being made a 

We often hear of breth] 
but no one has ever stopped 
Austin. My husband had the mis- 
_ jripple for life, yet God has blessed us 
s, and we start In the new year with new 
resection's to gain something for Christ The Merger is 
a welcome visitor each week.— Lottie E. Carver, Canadian, 

Beaver Creek.-On account of sickness Bro. s. N. McCann 
could not be with us during the Holidays to conduct a Bible 
rtass Bro W. B. Yount kindly consented to come in his 
olaM and we had a series of lessons from Matthew s Gospel 
and I the Book ot Judges. These lessons were interesting and 
were appreciated by all who attended. We have reorganized 
our Sunday school, with Bro. S. E. Garter, superintendent.- 
Nannie J. Miller, B. D. 2, Bridgewater, Va., Jan. 5. 

Botetonrt.— Jan. 1 the members in the Trinity locality met in 
council Eld. T. C. Denton presided. The certificates of Eld. 
s P Hvlton and wife were received. One brother was re- 
stored to membership. Three certificates were granted. A 
Sexton and ushers were appointed. The Trinity Sunday school 
was reorganized with Bro. S. P. Hylton. superintendent; 
-Vashi Reed, secretary and treasurer; Dulcie Spigle, librarian, 
and Bro. E. W. Layman, chorister. The birthday offerings 
of the school will be sent to the Bethany Bible School, Chi- 
cago. — Ada Hylton, Troutville, Va., Jan. 3. 

Bottom Creek.— We held a series of meetings at this place 
a short time ago, conducted by Bro. Crist Eller, of Roanoke. 
We feel greatly encouraged in the Sunday-school work. 
Twenty-nine were added to our „umber.-J. W. Palmer, Otey, 
Va„ Dec. 30. 

Elk Bon.— Bro. W. IC Conner, of Bridgewater, Va., came to 
us Dec 25, to conduct a Bible class. It opened on Monday, 
and continued until Saturday. He also preached five ex- 
cellent sermon3 while with us. The noon hour on New tears 
Day was spent in fasting and prayer, which was a spiritual 
feast to us all. Bro. Conner is an earnest worker, and we 
feel that the church is much strengthened by his efforts.— 
Sarah C. Zlgler, R. D. 1, Churchville, Va., Jan. 4. 

Germantown congregation met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. 
R L Peters presiding. Eld. Henry Ikenberry gave us an 
Inspiring talk after which the minutes of the previous meet- 
ing were read and approved. The meeting was well repre- 
sented. One certificate of membership was received and two 
granted Our Sunday school was reorganized, with the writer 
as superintendent. Bro. J. A. Fisher was appointed to solicit 
for mission funds in this congregation. Solicitors were also 
appointed to raise money to aid in the building of the Oakvale 
churchhouse, in West Virginia; also the Snow Creek house, 
in this county. It was unanimously decided to build a church- 
house In this congregation. We have bright prospects of 
building up the work here. Three brethren were appointed 
as solicitors to raise money for the building. Considerable 
other business was disposed of. — J. B. Peters, Wlrtz, Va., Jan. 

ted. We 
at Shelton 
We also collected $3.63 for the Snow 
t was decided to have council every 
t'wo months, and preaching every first and fourth Sunday On 
Sunday morning, at 11 o'clock, Bro. Lee Jennings preached 
an sermon. On Christmas Day Brethren AN. 
Hylton and Gilbert Hylton preached for us.-Llzzle Spansler, 
R. D. 2, Box 54, Floyd, Va., Jan. 4. 


Centralia The district Bible Institute, held in Centralia, 

opened Nov. 25. and closed Dec. 22, with Bro. B. F. Heckman, 
of the Bethany Bible School, of Chicago, as instructor. Al- 
though the attendance from the district was not. w 1 at we 
had expected, the local attendance was good, and the interest 
throughout excellent. The enrollment was fifty-three and the 
dally attendance good. One young sister was baptized Bio. 
Heckman was untiring in his efforts to teach the Word as it 
has been given. We believe that the continuance of Bible 
study will mean a more united Brotherhood and church.— 
Anna Myers, Centralia, Wash., Jan. 1. 

north Yakima Bro. J. C. Neher, of Nairn, Idaho, came to 

us and began a series of meetings Nov. 27, and continued three 
weeks with an Increased interest. The meetings closed Dec. 
10 with a love feast. Two were received by baptism and one 
reclaimed Our city will vote on local option Dec. 30 which 
we hope will result in a dry town.-J. Hollinger, North 
Yakima, Wash., Dec 27. 

Olympia.— Last Saturday evening a number met at our 
humble chapel for Christinas services. An appropriate pro- 
gram was rendered. Yesterday we met in council. Our Sun- 
Say school and Christian Workers' meeting were reorganized. 
We expect Bro. J. U. G. Stlverson to begin a series 01 meet- 
ings here on Jan. 9. Our elder, Bro. Secrist, cannot be with 
us during our meeting on account of previous arrangements 
to conduct a series of meetings at Wenatchee. Since our last 
report one of our Sunday-school girls was baptized.— Caddie 
Wagoner, Olympia, Wash., Dec. 31. 

Stiveraon congregation met in council Jan. 1, this being the 
nrsTcouncil held In January since 1902. We feel encouraged 
to know that Bro. I. B. Simmons takes so much interest in 
the work that he came twelve miles through the cold to be 
with us Two letters were granted to Brother and Sister 
Sutphln, Who have moved to Centralia. One letter was re- 
ceived There are fifteen enrolled at present. Eld. J. u. It. 
Stlverion, of Tacoma, Wash., will hold meetings for us In 
February. — Ann C. Castle, Fulda, Wash., Jan. 3. 

Sunny Slope.— Our last council was held on Christmas Day. 
A considerable amount of business was disposed of. Our pre- 
sidios elder, Bro. A. B. Peters, was reelected for the coming 
vear Bro Ralph Bowman was chosen Sunday-school super- 
intendent The Sunday following Christmas the children de- 
livered an Interesting program of recitations, readings and 
songs. Bro. Jacob Secrist, of Olympia, Wash., will be with 
us about the middle of January, to conduct a series of meet- 
ings.— Nettie E. Graybill, Wenatchee, Wash., Dec. 27. 
Pleasant View.— Our Bible and music term commenced Dec. 
and closed Dec. 31. Bro. D. N. Eller. of Dalevil e, Va, 
was with us and taught the Book of Matthew. Eld. J. S 
Zlgler (our home elder) taught the Book of Ephesians and 
mislc The lessons were very Interesting, this being the first 
Bible 'term ever taught here. We feel that we have a better 
Idea of the Bible, and that we will have a better Si ndaj 
school this coming year by having the Book of Mat he v 
explained to us. we met for council Jan. 1. Eld J. S Zlgler 
was reelected superintendent for our Sunday school foi an- 
other year. We have organized a teacher-training class Om 
District Sunday-school Meeting will be Aug. 14 Eld J. W. 
l-.ogers is to secure a minister to hold our series of meet- 
ings this fall. Our Sunday school and the Christian Work- 
ers' meetings are well attended, with a good interest. The 
average attendance of the Sunday school for last year was 
66. We will have a love feast at Chestnut Grove May 14.— 
Anna F. Sanger, Bays, W. Va- Jan. 3. 

Sandy creek.— Our council was held at the Salem house on 
New Year's Day. ' Quite an amount of business was disposed 
of pleasantly. Two letters of membership were granted and 
two received. More than $26 was raised to square up the 
financial business of last year.- Missionary solicitors were 
appointed for the different parts of the congregation. Bro. 
Noah Thomas was elected clerk, and the writer, correspondent. 
We decided to elect two deacons at our next council, on the 
first Saturday In April. The different departments were put 
in shape for work during the year. We had a very busy and 
harmonious council, with a good attendance. Both of our 
elders were present.— Chester A. Thomas, R. D. 1, Brandon- 
ville, W. Va„ Jan. i. 

Qarriaon church met in council Deo. 18, with Eld, Long 
presiding. Considerable business came before the meeting. 
Officers were elected for Christian Workers' meeting, with 
Bro J F. Edmlster as president. Sunday-school officers 
were also elected, with Bro. J. B. Bamhart as superintendent 
Sister Estella Blough was chosen Messenger correspondent 
for 1910 We are anxiously looking forward to our Bible 
school, that is to begin on Christmas evening.— J. B. Barnhart, 
Garrison, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Notice. — The churches of Northwestern Kansas and North- 
eastern Colorado are '" hereby notified' that the cbmmittee, 
appointed at last district meeting to lay plans for a Bible 
Normal to be held in January of 1910. failed in securing an 
instructor We have placed a call with the Bethany Bible 
School for an Instructor for next term.— I. S. Lerew, Secre- 
tary, Portis, Kans., Jan. 1. 

To the Aid societies of Mebraska. — Please do not 
more clothing to the Omaha Mission till w 
it. There are other places where It ir " 
here. Of course we could distribute it 

can be crowded into eight days. Inspiration will be gath- 
ered that will make the Sunday-school and church work 
move off more successfully. 

Prof. ]. E. Miller, President of Mt.. Morris College, will 
deliver the evening address, and will conduct two periods 
during the day. His subjects will be: " Jesus, the Master 
Teacher," a study of the Gospels, with the view of learn- 
ing how Jesus taught, and an effort to make his method 
practical in Sunday-school teaching. Also a series of Bible 
lessons on such subjects as, " Why Men Do Not Believe," 
" How We Are Saved," " How to Pray," " The Christian, 
and " Paul's Letter to Philemon." 

In addition to this we offer the following program: 

Miscellaneous Bible Studies, Prof. W. I. T. Hoover. 

Study of Missions, Bro. C. D. Bonsack. 

Sunday-School Normal, Prof. J. W. Englar. 

Colossians, Prof. S. P. Early.- 

Temperance, by Temperance Committee. 

Sacred Music, Prof. C. L. Rowland. 

Bro J B. Emmert, a returned missionary from India, 
will be with us Feb. 3 and 4, and will talk on the subject 
" The Missionary at Work." 

We will appreciate the presence and assistance of many 
of our friends, especially ministers and Sunday-school 
workers. As our boys' halls are completely filled with 
students this year, please write us soon, that we may be 
able to secure you good accommodations. 

Union Bridge, Md., 

S. P. Early. 


end any 
make a call for 
needed more than 
to an ad- 

Manassas church met In council on New Year's Day. Bro. 
Dennis Welmer, of Midland, was present, and addressed the 
meeting. Brethren S. C. Harley and H. S. Lam were elected 
Sunday-school superintendents for the coming year. Bro. 
G P Bucher was elected president of Christian Workers' 
meeting. Sister Alice C. Blough was reelected superintendent 
of the home department. — Alice C. Blough, Manassas, Va., 
Jan. 5. 

Mine Bun church met in council Dec. 24, with Bro. J. F. 
Graybill presiding. Two letters of membership were granted. 
Bro. Graybill began a series of meetings on the evening of 
Dec. 24. Ho preached on Christmas Day and each evening 
throughout the Holidays. He also gave us an interesting 
series of lessons on St. Matthew's Gospel. The last sermon 
was preached Jan. 2. A collection was taken for the District 
Mission. We feel greatly strengthened by these services. 
— Anna Brltton, Rhoadesvllle, Va., Jan. 4. 

pleasant Valley church met In council on New Year's Day. 
Eld. Peter Garber presided. The past year's business was 
disposed of as usual. Eld. H. G. Miller was with us and gave 

vantage at the Mission. We have only a few families in our 
neighborhood that need help, and their wants have been sup- 
plied — Alice Garber, 2528 Lake Street, Omaha, Nebr., Jan. 6. 
Toledo Mission. — The mission work at this place is mov- 
ing along nicely. The Sunday morning services are well at- 
tended, but the evening services not so well. We have about 
forty-six scholars enrolled In our Sunday school, arranged 
in four classes. The last few Sundays Brethren Charles 
Klntner G. W. Sellars, Aaron Smith, and George Garner 
came to us. Each gave a sermon which was listened to with 
much interest. Other members from the District came also. 
The first Thursday before Christmas we held our Christmas 
exercises. Each pupil took an active part in making the 
meeting Interesting.— Fay Kaser, 628 Leonard Street, Toledo, 
Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Our Special Bible Term will be held this year from Jan. 
30 to Feb. 6. The time is not long, yet many good things 





This new book is a compilation of thrilling stories, 
Kinking incidents and illustrations, pointed Para- 
graphs? poems and SOhgs, dealing with nil P l.ise* 
of the temperance question This matter is all ap- 
propriately arranged into departments and is the 
result of years of research. There is no book on 
the mark-l ,'mboding ih,-.' (.•Lis-iruMtions. L. 1111.-1 - 
anee books <I.....1juk wit!, II, e ,-co„..inio and tl.*nieiUM 
side, of the question have be&n published but they 
are read only by people especially interested in re- 
forai work The very nature of this book will make 
it appeal to all classes of people. 

The stories and other articles of the book are 
written bv such noted writers as John G Wo,,] . •> . 
John P. St. John. Eli Perkins, Charles M. Sheldon. 
riK.uncey Depew. R. A Torrey, Sam Jones .Henry 
Ward lecher, Theo. L. Cuyler, T De WlttTal- 
mage, L. A. Banks. Gen. Fred Grant, U' 
Ella Wheeler Wild 

of people waiting for just 

Wendell Phillips and many 

There are thous 


book. Every, lamily should have it for the 

benefit of the children. The temperanc 
its height. Agents ■ 

s at 
ill make big money selling tin 

book. In view of the fact that ; 

1 as a church have 

lak-n a decided stand agfitnst intemperan ce, we feci 
that tills book should have a large sale. We — 

live, active agent 

each community. 

and are willing to pay 

good commission. Write 

for terms and territory. 

The size of the book is SttxBtt Inches. It con- 
tains 544 pages besides the halftone Illustrations 
and is printed mi good paper. Price, postpaid, Cloth, 
31.50; Half Morocco, $2.00. 

Elgin, Illinois 
(Page 43 of this Issue will give a fair idea of 
' the book contains.) 

* * ■ ' M ' * ' ! ■ ** * * * * $ %&*#Wf**#Wr tt * % * * #W***** *"| , 

Arnold's Chart of Paul's "]\ 

A useful teacher's tool that you should have 
close at hand while teaching the life of Paul. 
Prepared by Bro. C. E. Arnold. Clear outline 
journey maps; and the principal events and places 
arranged in easily read columns; all on one 
sheet of paper, 12 inches by 19 inches. Folds 
within stiff covers small enough to slip into 
one's pocket. Twenty cents. 


■ t .. MMl"l"M"l"t"M"I '* 

Our General Catalog 


It will afford us a pleasure to mail you this 
12S page catalog if you will only ask for it. If 
your friends would like one, send in their names 
and addresses also. 

Elgin, 111. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 49. 

Elgin, ID., January 22, 1910. 

No. 4. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. habits of cleanliness, and, incidentally, good manners. 

Editorial,— - Still more important, however, than the physical nour- 

Among the churches Northwest of the Rocky Moun- ishment of the body should be, to us all, the sustenance 

tains (D. L. M.) 57 _ " 

The christian's Badge (H. b. b.), &7 of the immortal soul. Why not be more concerned 

Raising a church' & Mon":' lirfe ' ss about the food which will enable the spiritual man 

Mission Boards and Missions 58 t « j d j t , knowledge of the truth " ? 

Reports from Churches, 58 => => _ o 

Living Up to Promises, 58 

The Juvenile Protective Association, of Chica- 

The Higher Powers and the Highest Power. By g. e. go, has been doing some excellent work in behalf of 

TimeifDuty/knd^unimaVe'RewardV'BV'GVo. 'bVz'oil 50 the children, and indirectly has materially aided the 

lers ' „ ;,■-•*,',";;" u\lV 11 work in other States also. At present it is directing 

Dress Reform. By M. M. Eshelman, 50 , , # r , =• 

. Having Eyes to See. By j. h. Miner, 5i public attention to the Illinois statute which holds the 

Better Sunday Schools for 1910. By D. H. Zigler, 51 ... - ,, , 

Reading and Obeying the Bible. By Ezra Fiory 52 parent responsible for the proper support and nurture 

Sim *^nS ll> ^ -T"f?_ *?, ! L ! _^ ll ! l ! ,1 !**". .^V. . ^1 -TT". .T". .^?7b» of his children. If he fails, he must pay a fine, which 

German and Scotch-Irish. By Jas. a. sell, 52 ma y De as high as $200 or a year's imprisonment, or 

Comfortless. By S. C. Miller, 52 / * T . r ' 

Milk and Honey. By I. n. h. Beahm 53 both, for willful neglect or connivance at the offense. 

E?Ua? " 7 ' B ie - D ' HaU&hteHn ' " K parents knowingly allow their children to become 

^T^BesT-LilUan M. Bollinger. In Tune with the vicioUS and depraved, the COlirt will hold them re- 
Messenger.— S. s. Sanger. Every One's Opportunity.— sponsible for the consequences of such neglect. This 

D. E. Brower. "That Face and Bonnet." — Emra T. r .-.,., , 

Pike, where is My Brother? — Ida m. Helm. Result puts the responsibility where tt justly belongs, and 

of a Misfortune. — D. A. Naff. Better Than His Own , ,, tt., , , . , ■ , •,, ,, 

Paper H A stahl 54 where the Bible has always placed it,- — with the par- 
Home and Family,— ents. " Train up a child in the way he should go." 

" They that Tarry by the Stuff." — Elizabeth D. Rosen- 

bersBr " 55 The severe snowstorms that have, for the last few 

Miaaionary Department,- we . prevailed throughout the northern part of the 

Fighting Sleeping-sickness in Africa. The Missionary ' r ° ' 

spirit. The Awakening of India. Missionaries and United States, and, at times, almost paralyzed railroad 

Rum. From Bulsar, India. — Eli2a B. Miller 59 . n- i j ,i ,.• »• - ..i • i 

__ ^^^^^^__^^^^^_^_^^^^^_^^^^____^ traffic, have wrapped the entire section in a thick man- 

Dnr ,., n tie of snow, such as we have not had for years. This 

vv r^j^JzJlz^JIJl^ J^LZ^^^ has brou S ht about some unusual conditions. So diffi- 

,, r " ■ , , , . '. . . , cult has it become for birds, deer, etc., to secure need- 

While man has succeeded in a partial conquest of , , 

,.,.,, , , . , „ * . er food, that game wardens everywhere are urging 

the air, he has not yet succeeded in fully mastering , , & , , , . : . , 

.li. j-cc i,. vi ■ ' i m.1. t. -,. ■ \ .i the people to make needed provisions for them, lest 

the difficult problem — simple though it is to even the , m , - - \ 

ii"' *.- l- j e^. -j t JL . i Z , L i , c it they starve. The suggestion is a proper one, for a 

smallest bird, fitted for the task by the hand of the J ., , , ,, , , , „ , ~ „ 

r* L „ ' r~, . x1 , T t^, merciful man should tenderly care for all of God s 

Great Creator. The death of Leon Delagrange, a . «,,,«, , , . 

•c, , iT , , _ T . , . L . creation. On the other hand, however, why not be 

brench aviator, at Bordeaux, France, Jan. 4, the sixth „ , , , . , r • 

, ..-....;.'. equally concerned about the starving souls of sinners 

victim of recent attempts in aerial navigation, is a re- * J . ,. . r , „ - r r ., - ,,,.,. 

j -j £ t t. £ L xt. .. i-i. l 1. who are in dire need of the Bread of Life? Will we 

newed evidence of the fact, that much has yet to be , , ., • i_-^ • i 

. , , , . t . _ 'i ... . J , pass them by unconcerned, until in bitter anguish 

learned before the art of flying will become an abso- . - . ., L ., -J , c ,„■, 

, , , . ,. , , , ■ ^, they must finally cry out, No man cared for my soul r 
lutely safe and reliable means of transportation. Inat 

there will be great progress in this as well as other 

scientific achievements, is not to be doubted, but final 

success must be gained at the cost of many more 


Practically every railroad system in the United 
States and Canada forbids the use of intoxicants by 
its employes, making even the frequenting of saloons 
sufficient cause for dismissal. There is a reason for 
this restriction, however, and it is concisely stated by 
Thomas A. Edison, the great inventor, who ought 
to know the facts because of his exceptional oppor- 
tunities for observation. He says : " Drinking whisky 
is like throwing sand into the bearings of an engine. 
With us, as a nation, it will certainly prevent the de- 
velopment of a much higher civilization unless its use 
is checked." If any one doubts the truth of Mr. 
Edison's statement, he need but look at the finished 
product of the saloon, — the blighted manhood of the 
drunkard and the wretched poverty and want of his 
wife and children. 

School authorities of New York City have made the 
unpleasant discovery that nearly half of the chil- 
dren in the elementary schools of that place are un- 
derfed and ill-nourished, as shown by the medical ex- 
amination instituted. As, according to medical au- 
thority, " memory is dependent directly on the nutri- 
tion," it is readily seen that the best results from school 
work cannot be obtained under such conditions. In 
the schools of Germany this matter of insufficient nu- 
trition in school-children has already been met by 
furnishing substantial meals to those who are unable 
to secure them at home, and it is now proposed to in- 
troduce a similar system in the schools of New York, 
making it educational to the extent of impressing upon 
the pupils the value of good cooking, proper diet, 

While students of prophecy have vainly tried to 
foretell .the end of the world by compilations of figures 
supposed to be warranted by Holy Writ, scientists 
also try their hand, now and then, at a forecast of 
the future opportunities of the race from the stand- 
point of geology. Prof. H. T. Chamberlin, of Boston, 
declares that the theories advanced by some of these 
geologists, concerning the gradual cooling of the sun, 
and the consequent extinction of human life on the 
globe, are not at all warranted by the deductions of 
science. The professor claims that vast amounts of 
inherent energy daily replenish the depleted power of 
the great luminary, and that its power to warm the 
earth is, apparently, inexhaustible. Is it not reason- 
able to believe that the same Divine Hand that swung 
the heavenly bodies into space is able to keep them 
at their appointed task? 

Much valuable work in favor of better public 
morals may be done by those who are vested with the 
needed authority, if they only have the courage of 
their convictions to apply the letter and spirit of the 
law. Recently the mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio, notified 
the theaters of that city that the posters, advertising 
their plays, must hereafter be censored. Whatever 
is indecent or indelicate must not be placed on the 
billboards. The general adoption of a similar rule 
elsewhere would have a salutary effect upon the moral 
status of the community. Still better would it be if 
the various plays were censored. Knowing that the 
average theatrical performance is demoralizing to those 
who habitually attend such places, one cannot help 
but feel the most dire apprehensions for the thousands 
of young people who knowingly repress the most 
sacred emotions of the heart, in order to gratify 
an inordinate love of pleasure. 

Money, so far from being a blessing at all times, 
often becomes a veritable curse, sinking its possessor 
to the lowest depths of degradation. Recently the son 
of a millionaire railroad man of Chicago. — an idolized 
son, whose every want was amply supplied by an in- 
dulgent father, — was found dead in a resort of the red 
light district of that city. Here was a young man of 
fair intelligence, and richly endowed to make the most 
out of life, and yet his money was but the means of 
gratifying base and perverted tastes. When the end 
came, it found him in the haunts of sin. Amidst bac- 
chanalian revels he breathed his last. What a lesson 
on the importance of parental training is taught by 
such a life! How it should bring to mind the great 
danger of unconsecrated wealth, — money spent in 
sensual gratification and " riotous living " ! 

The annual mortality from accidents among adult 
wage-earners of the United States is said to be at 
least thirty-five thousand, and it is claimed that per- 
haps half of these fatalities could be prevented by 
rational and proper factory inspection, supplemented 
by the installation of necessary appliances to protect 
the workers. In addition to the large mortality, a 
further two million accidents, annually, incapacitate 
the workers for the time being, and curtail the normal 
length of life. These casualties, alarming as they are, 
do not compare in extent with the thousands of deaths 
and injuries that are brought upon the workers by 
their own neglect, and a failure to observe the laws 
of nature and of nature's God. " Godliness is profit- 
able in all things," and a closer observance of this im- 
portant precept would contribute materially lo human 
welfare and happiness. 

The recent death of D. O. Mills, of New York, 
brings to mind not merely the fact that in his success- 
ful business career he managed to accumulate his mil- 
lions, but the far more important fact that he wisely 
employed a large part of his wealth for the benefit of 
others. Realizing that thousands of worthy and de- 
serving men and women of our cities do not enjoy 
the blessings of a good home, and are unable, because 
of limited means, to secure accommodations in the 
more pretentious hotels, he became the founder of 
what are termed " Mills' Hotels." Some of these are 
for men, and others for women, hut the same principle 
governs all of them, wherever located, — comfortable 
lodging and decent food at a nominal price. These in- 
stitutions are not " charity relief," in any sense, but 
simply a successful demonstration of philanthropy on 
a business basis. A board of trustees is to continue the 
helpful effort of the testator in future years. 

The next World's Sunday-school Convention will 
convene in the national capital of the United States, 
Washington, D. C, May 19 to 24, 1910. The far- 
reaching importance of this gathering is perhaps best 
realized by those who are fully alive to the demands 
of the Sunday-school work, and labor to make it a 
power for good. The first of these great world-wide 
gatherings was held in London in 1889, followed by 
subsequent ones, — St. Louis in 1893, London in 1898, 
Jerusalem in 1904, Rome in 1907. The World's Con- 
vention differs from the International Convention in 
this, that while the former is confined to representa- 
tives from the United States, Canada, Mexico, Hawaii, 
and the West India Islands, the World's Convention 
includes representatives from all parts of the globe. 
At the coming meeting there is to be a most complete 
representation of delegates from every country where 
there are Sunday schools, and there is sure to be an 
exceedingly valuable interchange of thought and ex- 
perience. Arrangements, as now planned, will make the 
Convention, in every way, a decided help to Sunday- 
school workers everywhere. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


"study to show thyself approved ttttto Gotl. n workman that needefh not 
S " ' ,„",; Sluvmed. nsally dividtoS the Word of TruUt." 

Wondrous Grace. 

[Eph. 2: 8.] 
How sweet to know the wondrous grace 

That saves ungodly men 
And know the value of that blood 

That cleanses from all sin. 
No love like his could e'er be found. 

No grace so full and free, 
And yet the value of his blood 

Is that which cleanses me. 
His loving arms are open wide 

The sinner to receive, 
Then look by faith to him who died 

For thee upon the tree. 
And hear that loving, tender voice 

That's calling now to thee 
•' Come now, thou heavy laden one, 

And perfect rest receive." 
Lord Jesus, now we think of thee 

As on thy throne above, 
And thou in all thy faithfulness 

Hast proved redeeming love. 
The little while we tarry here 

Waiting for Christ's return. 
Oh, may it be our only joy 

To serve and follow him. 
When we have reached that home above, 

The mansion he's prepared, 
Redeeming love will be our song 

Through endless ages there. 
And seated round that throne above 

We'll gaze upon his face, 
Our only theme of praise will be, 

He saved us by his grace. 
Coldwater, Mich. 

The Higher Powers and the Highest 


In Rom. 13 : 1, 2, we are reminded of our duty to- 
ward magistrates, referred to as " higher powers." 
Paul, in the foregoing chapter, exhorts the followers 
of Christ to holiness, and mentions some of their 
Christian duties one toward the other. He also 
teaches the kind of a light the sons of God should be 
before their sinful persecutors. Now, lest we forget 
our duty, — if we know it, — toward magistrates, he 
calls our attention to the fact that we are to be " sub- 
ject unto the higher powers." 

Christ's followers are placed in a rather critical 
position. They are subjects of the kingdom of God, 
and being such, are under obligation to live out the 
laws governing the kingdom of God. Again they are 
to be subject unto the magistrates, because their pow- 
ers are ordained of God. We are not subject unto 
the laws of the United States alone, but unto all the 
higher powers, and dare not resist any of them. 
Therefore the people of God must be a non-resistant 
people ; for, to assist the United States in carnal war- 
fare with any other power under the sun, means to re- 
sist the ordinance of God. "And they that resist. shall 
receive unto themselves damnation." Verse 2. We are 
warned, with no uncertain sound, as to what the result 
will be if we resist the power that God has ordained. 
There is still another power ordained of God in this 
world, which is far superior to any of these higher 
powers. It is not one of these higher powers, but the 
highest power that was ever established in this world. 
That is none other than the kingdom of God, estab- 
lished here by God's only begotten Son, — the Church 
of Jesus Christ. To this power God has said, " What- 
soever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven : 
and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed 
in heaven." Matt. 18: 18. What a comforting thought, 
to realize that we may be born into, and become sub- 
jects of, the grandest, most glorious, and most power- 
ful kingdom ever established in the world! Brethren, 
we should fully realize what the church of Jesus 
Christ is, — if she is what the Lord intended her to be, 
— and what she means to us. 

God is not slack concerning his promises. If he 
pronounces such a severe and strenuous punishment 

upon us for not being subject unto the higher powers, 

when we should be in no way connected with them, 

what must be his displeasure towards us, then, if we 

are not subject unto this, his highest power, of which 
we are subjects,— if we are the Lord's people. If God 
will so rule with us when we resist the powers of mag- 
istrates,— whose hands are spotted with the sins of this 
world, — what must be his wrath when we resist the 
power of his glorious church, which is to be without 
spot or wrinkle, pure and holy and without blemish ? 

Using the Gospel as a constitution, let us hear the 
church when she speaks to us regarding principles 
taught in the Scriptures. It is her business to see that 
her character is unspotted from the world and its 
lusts. Elders, ministers, deacons, and laymembers 
should listen with obedient hearts when the church 
speaks, for unto which one of you hath God given 
power to set aside these decisions that the church has 
made binding upon us, in order more fully to carry 
out the principles of nonworldliness, — in all its 
phases,— as taught in the Word of God ? Who is he 
that would usurp authority to teach men to ie disloyal 
to the church, and thus disloyal to Jesus Christ! (For 
how are we going to be loyal to Christ without being 
loyal to the church he has founded?) 

If the Church of the Brethren has made any de- 
cisions that are not in accordance with Holy Writ, let 
us not, as individuals or congregations, take upon our- 
selves the liberty of setting aside these decisions, but 
let such individuals or congregations send their peti- 
tions, — with Gospel reasons for a change,— to Annual 
Conference. In the meanwhile have special prayer 
made, and, possibly, have gatherings at churches, and 
fast and pray over the matter, and rely upon God for 
the change, so that his will may prevail. Let all this 
be done through the church as a body. It is her duty 
to " loose " things that it has " bound." If so be that 
the church is weak in some of her decisions, may we 
feel it our duty, as individual members and congrega- 
tions, to aid the church to become strong, not by striv- 
ing against her in her weak points, but by lending a 
helping hand, — as subjects of this kingdom,— to raise 
her to the position she should hold, through the Holy 
Spirit, in the hearts of her inspired subjects. But, 
brethren, when she does speak in answer to our peti- 
tions, let us bow to her God-given authority, and obey 
the voice of the Master, as given through the church. 
While sailing over this tempestuous sea, let us be found 
guiltless of resisting the powers that God has • or- 
dained ! 

Springs, Pa. 

■ • ■ 

Timely Duty and Ultimate Reward. 

" Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear 
God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole 
duty of man. For God shall bring every work into judg- 
ment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or 
whether it be evil." Eccles. 12: 13, 14. 

The above is the solemn declaration of a renowned 
king near the end of his earthly life. He had expe- 
rienced the impulses of national aggrandizement, along 
the varied avenues of prosperity, but looking beyond 
his meridian glory, he urges the rising generation to 
acquire an early love for the Creator. He suggests an 
approved line of culture, that will lead up to moral 
worth, spiritual eminence, and ultimate happiness. 

His viewpoint in this solemn reverie would seem to 
indicate a retrospection near the sunset of his kingly 
career. He had learned by experience the brevity of 
human life, and the short-lived glory of all material 
things. He emphasizes the value of early piety and 
willing obedience to the commandments of God. 

Solomon, in all the glow of his youthful vigor, was 
moved by a filial trust in his Creator. He cherished 
his parental teaching, and admired the religion of his 
loyal aneestors. In reverential posture, in the pres- 
ence of his Maker, he presented his appropriate peti- 
tion for wisdom to rule the nation. He felt the thrills 
of rapture which submission to the "King of kings " 
imparts. When in the latter part of his life, he lost 
his bearings and drifted from the path of rectitude, he 
doubtless never experienced the solid joy that graced 
his youthful beginning. The brilliant morning of his 
royal manhood seems to suggest the sacred yearnings 

of his advanced and tested life. Ha». now sees that 
real success is attained only by the moulding of pious 
sentiment in youth. He follows with an anatomical 
outline of the human organism, and refers to the brief 
duration of life and the rapid flight of time. Soon 
the post-meridian side is reached and just beyond is 
the declivity leading towards the setting sun. The 
event of dissolution is next depicted, and the journey 
to the " long home " described. 

Thus the portion of time, assigned by our Maker to 
each human life, within the confines of our corporeal 
home, is forever ended in this mundane world. The 
character record will have been made, for weal or for 
woe, but the final verdict will be heard in the other 
world. The judgment will determine the rewards of 
each and all. It will " debit " and " credit " according 
to the just deserts of all. At that awful event, when 
all men are ranged before the tribunal bar, many who 
were here ignored and underrated, according to hu- 
man estimation, will be passed upon as genuine. 
Many, whose names had reached the climax of fame 
and high station in this world, will be sadly " want- 
ing " when weighed in the scales of the Almighty 

With this solemn warning of the " conclusion of the 
whole matter," we cannot afford to be indifferent con- 
cerning the character-forming stage. We have our 
apportioned time to " build our house upon the rock," _ 
by weaving into our lives the material of God's ap- 
pointment, " by hearing his sayings," and by " keeping 
his commandments." " This is the whole duty of 
man." But to utilize the God-given faculties simply 
to cater to worldly emoluments, and to forego God's 
order of culture and spiritual growth, means a repeti- 
tion of the dismal experience of individual and nation- 
al endings. God's selected type of character, alone, 
can endure his scrutiny in the day of judgment. 

South Bend, hid. 

Dress Reform. 


It would be a veritable task to enumerate all the 
good and great helps, coming weekly to the readers of 
the Gospel Messenger by the earnest contributors, 
wrought upon by the Spirit of God. The doctrinal 
number is rich with sanctified thought. The issue of 
Dec. 18th contains some observations, — pen pictures 
if you please,— which appeal to me as being worthy 
of extension. There is Bro. Woodard's " Thoughts 
on Love Feast Services," which ought to be read by 
every member until it sinks deep into the heart. When 
it has well set there, then operate it with all possible 
energy and zeal. Dorothy Dix's observations on " The 
Baneful Influences of Fashion " should be read and 
digested by every one who would realize the awfulness 
of her subject. While drunkenness by intoxicants is 
bad,— while the ravages of stong drink have been, 
and yet are, most appalling, who dare deny the equal 
ravages and destructiveness of drunkenness in dress 
displays? The insane rush for jewelry and bodily 
ornamentation among American women has brought 
about a condition, little realized by many very good 
people, because some of these good people live where 
their eyes do not see the evil in its worst form. One 
who is versed in the physiological results of all this 
insane display, easily understands that sure death will 
result to the nation unless checked by reformation. 
And to reform it means the need of power far stron- 
ger than human government. Reform can come only 
through the power from above, the Divine inter- 
position by his agencies. Are his people able for the 

I shall not enter into the prenatal beginnings in the 
love of dress and other display, but shall hope that 
some day all the mothers in the church, as well as 
many outside the membership, may know the great 
truths which lie hidden in the deeps of prenatalism, 
and observe the Divine laws of beginnings. 

Perhaps this love of bodily display in garments may 
some day be kept in check by the mothers, by means 
of correct thinking and meditating, and then the ways 
of their offspring may be better fortified against many 
of the present evils. Dorothy Dix's picture is not 
overdrawn. There lie, yet untold, many truths con- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


cerning this ungodly, death-dealing display of bodily 
ornamentation. Whatever our mother Eve was 
tempted with, gave her " amusement." 

So far our Brotherhood has maintained a marked 
degree of life-simplicity because, as a people, we have 
been impelled, through the Spirit, to maintain a well- 
defined line between Godly modesty and worldly fash- 
ion in dress ! If there is any other way to maintain 
this simplicity than by a gulf between the ungodly 
manifestation of unregenerated hearts and the holy 
simplicity of the church of Jesus Christ, it has not yet 
been made manifest. There must be some place where 
immodest apparel divides from modest dress. If there 
is any other body of people, better equipped to mark 
out this dividing line than the church of Christ, it has 
not yet risen to the dignity of the occasion. 

Since our people have held to the simplicity in dress, 
since they have been educated by the Word upon this 
great question, why should not our Brethren, as a peo- 
ple, undertake a dress reformation which ought to re- 
sult in untold blessings to the human family? I know 
it would be a stupendous undertaking, but why should 
we fear or hesitate? The Most High has favored us 
with spiritual intelligence, with wealth in abundance, 
with courage equal to the magnitude, and a little over, 
and with an array of promises, linked together from 
heaven to earth. Will we undertake it ? It means or- 
ganization in every town, village, hamlet and city. 
True, it should begin in a small way, — just a grain or 
two of wheat, well-sown and thoroughly cultivated, 
to grow into an American-wide harvesting. Who 
does know the life of simple dressing better than our 
people, who have had hundreds of years' experience 
and benefits? Instead of frittering away our time 
and energies in trying to get away from the simple 
life, let us turn upon the common enemy and give God 
our time, money and talents in helping him to save 
the American people from utter extinction by lux- 
uries, ungodly dressing, intoxication, and adultery. 

Will we rise to the occasion and the opportunity? 
We can get the Spirit-infillments, the wisdom, the 
means if we will. We were the first in the field against 
the rum demon; we were first against slavery; we 
were in the lead against ungodly divorces, why should 
we not now, having long led the way in dress simplic- 
ity, not take the field in dress reform? We should 
do this not as a matter of church principle but as a 
national reformation in morals. We could work in 
this with any others who might enlist in this worthy 

The Lord has led the Church of the Brethren to 
victory from every contest begun within her own 
house. She has overcome every attempt to entice her 
from her Divinely-chosen principles of dress simplic- 
ity, and with these triumphs she ought not to hesitate 
to lead the American fashion-worshipers out of the 
Egyptian bondage of dress slavery. If our people 
should ever be enticed to swerve from the straight and 
narrow paths of gospel simplicity, she can never be 
used by Jehovah to help him to maintain the principles 
of modesty and simplicity for all such as may be drawn 
to him because of this beautiful manifestation of one 
of the many great principles brought from heaven by 
his Son. Are we courageous enough to lead the world 
in dress reform ? Why should we withhold from others 
the usefulness, the advantages, the helpfulness we 
have gained from God through the past two hundred 
years ? If that length of time has not brought wisdom 
and education to us in this line, when are we to get 
them? If we have the education, why not use it for 
world betterment? Let us begin in a small way and 
thrust out a little. Let us have an organization that 
will meet the demand. As the call to' meet the awful 
works of saloonism has already resulted in an or- 
ganized effort, why should there not be an organized 
effort to help in dress reforms ? Tell us why not ? 
Tropico, Cal. 

■ » i 

Having Eyes to See. 


An eye is of much importance. Great care should 
he taken to keep this valuable organ in proper condi- 
tion. The eye is the most tender organ of the body, 
hence the need of great care to keep it in a healthy 
condition. It is a very useful organ and great care 

should be exercised that it may do its work properly. 
We have a number of blind people in the world. They 
have eyes but cannot see. The Savior told the Jews 
they had eyes to see but did not see. Some eyes are 
too small to see much of God's truth in his blessed 
Word. I remember of holding a meeting in a neigh- 
boring State, some years ago. I called at a brother's 
house the next day, when a neighbor stepped in. He 
soon became quite talkative, and found fault with the 
sisters in that section. They did not pray. I was a 
stranger, so could not say much, but remarked only 
this, that where I lived at least some of our sisters 
prayed in public assemblies. He said that in that sec- 
tion our sisters were ashamed to pray, and quoted 
what he claimed were the words of Jesus, " He that 
is ashamed of me, of him will I also be ashamed 
before my Father and the holy angels." I asked him 
to quote that again, and he did, but the same as be- 
fore. I told him that his eyes did not serve him right. 
He spoke so disrespectfully of the sisters that the sis- 
ter in whose home we were felt hurt by his talk. I 
told him that I would quote the text referred to, so 
that he could see that he did not quote correctly: 
" Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me and of 
my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of 
him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he 
cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy 
angels." I told him kindly .that Jesus says " ashamed 
of his words." I asked him if he washed his brother's 
feet. He did not. I then told him that was the com- 
mand of Jesus. He was the man that was ashamed to 
do all of God's bidding. The sisters, whom he was 
accusing, were not ashamed to wash feet but he was. 
The difficulty with this professor was that he had eyes 
to see but could not see. 

The eye is a peculiar organ. Sometimes the pupil 
is enlarged. Too much belladonna has a tendency to 
enlarge the pupil. Then a wild look is noticeable. 
Often a double object is seen. One of the qualifica- 
tions of a child of God is that he must be grave, — 
not double-tongued. A double-tongued person makes 
trouble in a neighborhood. A double-sighted person 
often has eyes, but does not see clearly. He may see 
" men as trees walking," but needs a second applica- 
tion of the healing power to see clearly. 

God wants his children to use the eyes to see clearly 
all that God has commanded. We should obey from 
the heart that form of doctrine delivered unto us, so 
we may see aright. 

Goshen, Ind. . . , 

Better Sunday Schools for 1910. 


The work of our Sunday schools is of such great 
importance, to us as a people, that it is difficult to think 
of anyone, deeply interested in the welfare of our 
beloved Fraternity, who could be indifferent to its 
success. There is nothing that means so much to the 
church of the present, and that of the future, as 
rightly directing the lives of the young. Hold them in 
the way they should go, and we have a most desirable 
condition, for the present as well as the future. 

Through the very nature of things, this great work 
largely devolves upon our Sunday schools. The min- 
ister, by sermonizing, cannot give the vital instruction 
so necessary to the child-life. Many parents, into 
whose hands God has committed the young lives, are 
lamentably negligent of the duty resting upon them. 
Maddened by greed for gain, or drunken by the 
pleasures of the world, or stricken with sheer indiffer- 
ence, their homes do not afford the life-giving instruc- 
tion. Their children go into the world without charac- 
ters to bear them through. They are lost to the church 
and to God, unless rescued by other hands. This de- 
ficiency the Sunday-school worker must supply. 

With these facts before us (and they must be 
apparent to all) we should labor and pray for a greater 
and more effective work in our Sunday school than 
ever before. A good motto for everyone to adopt is, 
" More Sunday schools, larger Sunday schools, and 
better Sunday schools for 1910!" It is to this end 
that these few suggestions are written. 

In the light of the present, there is certainly no min- 
ister among us who would oppose so noble an endeavor. 
And yet many fail to do their whole duty to help it 

along. The work may be surrendered to other hands, 
while the chosen leader of the church stands idly by. 
A careful and prayerful survey of the field will often 
overcome this indifference, and lead to the occupation 
of new points. Thereby more Sunday schools may 
be conducted in the community than ever before. 

A thorough organization is desirable in any under- 
taking of worth, and the Sunday school is no excep- 
tion to this rule. The right man at his place, and every 
one at his work, will make things move. There should 
be no such thing as favoritism shown, save that of 
special fitness. When practicable, the church should 
organize the school. This may be done by the church 
electing the officers and teachers, or it may be done by 
the church appointing a committee to select them. The 
latter way may be more desirable when a number of 
schools are conducted by any local church. In such 
cases this delegated body may be authorized to have 
a general supervision of the different schools during 
the entire year. In whatever way the organization may 
be effected, every member of the church should feel 
under obligation to co-operate with those put in charge 
of the work, and they should use all lawful means to 
secure the attendance of every one in the community. 
As a result of this united effort, our small schools 
would soon become large and influential. 

It would not be advisable to select a minister or 
elder for superintendent or teacher, except in cases 
where no one else can be found for the place. There 
are other duties for him, and it should be the aim of 
every church to use all available talent to the best ad- 
vantage. However, the minister should not fail to be 
present at every session of the school, so far as his oth- 
er labors will permit. He should be in lunch with ev- 
ery phase of the work, as it progresses. Timely sug- 
gestions, helpful counsel, and words of encouragement 
are fruitful opportunities that he should not fail to im- 
prove. In short, the entire working of the school should 
be known to him, if he would best know how to serve 
the church. 

In addition to this, no minister can spend his time 
to better advantage than to give a few hours each week 
to the Sunday-school workers. Call the meeting what 
you will, just so the workers come together. The 
greatar the number of the workers represented, the 
better it is. All the ministers of the congregation 
should be there, to help the Sunday-school workers 
prepare for their important duties. 

The time may be spent according to a set program, 
or it may be varied to suit the special needs of the 
workers. Let those best qualified instruct the rest. 
This method, faithfully followed for a time, every one 
will be surprised at the improvement wrought, in the 
teaching force, especially. Any minister, who prepares 
himself for such weekly instruction, will be well re- 
paid for his pains in his own improvement. 

While the instruction should, by all means, be 
adapted to the needs of those present, some lines of 
study are helpful almost everywhere. A few are here 
given : " How to Teach the Next Lesson " is always 
in place. " Organization and Government " will be 
helpful to nearly every one. The study of " The 
Teacher and the Pupil " is both interesting and in- 
structive. Many teachers do not know their Bible as 
they should. An opportunity should be given such for 
improvement. Then, too, it should be remembered 
that very few teachers are qualifietl to present the dis- 
tinctive doctrines of the church to their classes in an 
intelligent and impressive way. 

As a people, we have turned away from the cat- 
echism to the Word of the Lord. In this we have 
gone to the fountainhead of all truth, hut. in doing so, 
wc have encountered the great danger of neglecting to 
instruct the young mind in doctrine during the forma- 
tive period. Therefore let the Sunday-school teachers 
be fully prepared to present to the classes, throughout 
the different grades of the school, the doctrine we love 
so well. 

These weekly meetings afford an excellent oppor- 
tunity for such preparation, and these meetings can 
be held in any local church where there is a disposition 
to.sacrifice time and effort for the work. In this way 
training can be brought within the reach of every one. 
Better work will be done for the Master, souls in 
greater numbers will be brought to Christ, and the 



name ofthe Lord will be mightily magnified in the lives 
of his people during this year. 
R. D. 14, Broadway, Va. 

Reading and Obeying the Bible. 


No doubt there are, at this time of the year, those 
who are resolving to read the Bible more during the 
coming year. This is well, for there is all too little of 
the reading of the Book anyhow. Some, in order to 
satisfy their consciences, do read a little, if they are 
not entirely too busy, and often employ the sleepiest ten 
minutes of the day to do even that. Some, again, are 
valued in the community as unusual Bible students be-, 
cause they have read the Bible through a certain num- 
ber of times. 

A man once said, with an air of pride, " I have read 
the Bible through five times this year." His pastor 
looked at him awhile, then asked : " How often has the 
Book been through you ?" He reads his Bible best who 
seeks to realize it in his life. More knowledge of 
God's Word will be gained by a single effort to live 
out one of his commands than by a year's reading with 
no effort to keep his Word. Trusting a promise will 
enable one to know its sweetness far better than to 
commit it to memory. 

The Psalmist was right when he said, " I have re- 
frained my feet from every evil way, that I might 
observe thy word " (Psa. 119: 101). No one can ever 
learn to love the way of God, or appreciate his holy 
Word, who lives in sin. Jesus said, " Every one there- 
fore that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them, 
shall be likened to a wise man." Peter also felt the 
force of all this when he said, " For they stumble at the 
word, being disobedient" (1 Peter 2: 8b). Peter's 
point is the very reason for the scepticism of men. The 
Bible will lead us from sin, else sin will drive us from 
the Bible. WWch will you have? David said, " Thy 
commandments make me wiser than mine enemies," 
and " I have more understanding than all my teachers ; 
for thy testimonies are my meditation " (Psa. 119 : 98, 

Sterling, 111. 

■ » ■ 

Special Bible Term at Lordsburg, Cal. 


The two weeks of the Special Bible Term of the Dis- 
trict of Southern California and Arizona, held at 
Lordsburg College, closed Dec. 18. It was pronounced 
by many one of the most helpful and practical Bible 
terms they ever attended. There was not a monotonous 
minute during the whole time. The periods were all 
well attended, and if any one part of the work was 
more interesting than any other, it was the three forty- 
five-minute lectures on " Creation Week," by Bro. 
J. Z. Gilbert, of Los Angeles High School. 

As an immediate result of the Bible term, nine were 
added to the church, seven being baptized and two by 
renewal of their covenant. Of the number received 
into the church, four were students and one a member 
of the faculty, — Prof. J. C. McClanahan. We all re- 
joice in the victories won, and feel that our possibilities 
are enlarged and our responsibilities increased. The 
Lord has wonderfully blessed our school and District, 
and with the loyal support and hearty cooperation of 
our members we may expect greater things for the 

The opening session was well attended and the in- 
terest continued and grew until the close. 

Bro. Clarence H. Yoder, our regular Bible teacher, 
did excellent work. Never before have the Ten Com- 
mandments been so forcibly explained and their true 
import made to press down so hard on this community 
and district. Many of us need to know more of what 
God means, even to this generation, by the law written 
on the two tables of stone. Bro. Yoder's talks on the 
" Doctrine of the Holy Spirit " were received with an 
interest seldom seen in a Bible School. Each session 
was followed with questions that added to the interest 
of the work. 

Sunday-school Day, under the very efficient direction 
of our District Secretary, Bro. J. W. Cline, of Pomona, 
was a day of good things. Each Sunday school repre- 
sented will undoubtedly get a part of the inspiration 

which filled every heart. Each speaker came well 
filled and the more he poured out, the fuller he became, 
and the audience filled up to the very brim. Bro. Cline 
knows how to arrange a program and carry it out, 
holding the interest to the very close. 

Dec. 12 was Christian Workers' and Missionary 
Day. Bro. W. H. Wertenbaker had charge of the 
Christian Workers' program and W. E. Trostle of the 
Missionary program. Both of these programs were 
helpful, and the speakers handled their subjects in a 
practical way. Many new thoughts were given and 
those present were stimulated to greater and more 
efficient work. 

The attendance of our Special Bible term surpassed 
our expectations. Nearly two hundred were in attend- 
ance. One hundred and fifty-nine enrolled. 

No part of our Bible term was more interesting and 
instructive than the address given by Sister Etta Daw- 
son, of Los Angeles, on the " Slum Districts of Los 
Angeles." Sister Dawson said, " If I were a man, I 
would begin this afternoon, and I would never let up, 
if God would spare me, until the saloon business would 
be settled." 

A gloom was cast over the school and the community 
when the word came that Sister W. C. Hanawalt was 
dead. Sister Hanawalt died at the Pomona Hospital 
after having made a brave struggle for life for several 
weeks. When death comes to one, so much needed 
as our sister was needed, then do we realize 
he is an "enemy." This dreaded enemy has robbed 
our brother of a companion, his children of a 
mother, the church of a faithful member, and the 
community of a true neighbor and friend, who 
always looked on the bright side of life and scattered 
sunshine wherever she went. We realize that Lords- 
burg College has lost a friend who gave much of her 
life and strength towards its upbuilding. The College 
classes were dismissed, and the students and teachers 
attended the funeral. They also contributed flowers 
and assisted wherever they could, out of respect for 
the living and the dead. As we think about it now, and 
remember the beautiful, unassuming Christian life of 
Lucy Hanawalt, we also think of the life beyond, and 
are satisfied with God's way. 

Lordsburg, Cal. 

German and Scotch-Irish. 


The early settlers in some of the valleys of Penn- 
sylvania were German and Scotch-Irish. In taking up 
land for future homes, they became neighbors. Each 
had their own national peculiarities. In language and 
religion they stood apart. There was no affinity, and 
their intercourse was that of business and not that of 

Among the Germans were many of the Brethren. 
They had been persecuted in the Fatherland by those 
in authority. This had the effect of making them 
apprehensive and distrusting, and caused them to 
associate education and political matters with despotic 
power, and they avoided both. They sought seclusion 
rather than office and became domestic in their habits. 
Being industrious, home stayers and frugal, they be- 
came the best of farmers and prospered. What they 
secured was through honest toil. 

The emoluments of office they neither sought nor 
obtained. They lived the simple life without an effort. 
They were simple in their cooking, eating, dressing, in 
their daily life and in their religion. They were con- 
scientious, honest, truthful, the very soul of hospi- 
tality, and strongly attached to each other and to the 
church. Their customs and language were sacred to 
them, and became part of their religion. They made 
but little effort in mission work beyond their own 

An old grandmother once remarked, when language 
was under discussion, " Anyone knows that God is 
Dutch." With them the English and Irish lan- 
guages were synonymous with pride, worldliness, 
and remnants of this belief still linger in some localities. 

The early Germans were the best of citizens. Their 
taxes were paid promptly. They abhorred debt, and 
very seldom bought what they could not pay for. They 
were never found in the courts, — civil or criminal. 

They settled their own disputes among themselves, 
and avoided conflicts with others. They considered it 
disgraceful for any of their own poor to be recipients 
of public charity, and were also kind and benevolent 
to the poor outside their borders. 

The Scotch-Irish, in some respects, were the direct 
opposite of the Germans in their disposition and habits. 
They left their native country because of oppression, 
rather than religious persecution. They were renters 
in the mother country and the demands became so 
exorbitant that, rather than submit to demands that 
had kept them poor, they perferred to emigrate. They 
sought and found homes in the fertile valleys of Wm. 
Penn's domains. They are described as " hot-headed, 
excitable in temper, unrestrainable in passion and 
invincible in prejudice." 

The Scotch-Irish were often rude and lawless. 
They took possession of land without regard to the 
right of others, and provoked Indian massacres and 
prolonged litigation. They dealt with the Indians as 
though there was no sentiment of honor or magnanim- 
ity in their bosoms. Socially they were rude and 
impolite. Whiskey was among them a beverage par- 
taken of on all occasions, whether feast, wedding or 
funeral. Rough and tumble fist-fights mingled with 
their merry-making. They were liberal in expendi- 
tures, consumed the best of the products of their 
farms, and sold the worst. They took an active part 
in politics and were not at all conscientious as to the 
methods, provided they would bring the desired re- 
sults. They clamored for office and would hold as 
many offices as the law would permit. 

They were mostly of the Presbyterian faith. They 
were religious but not pious. Their creed was more 
to them than the Bible. The " Confession of Faith " 
and the catechism wera in every home and diligently 
taught to the children. They believed that being saved 
outside of their church was exceedingly doubtful. 
They looked upon others as being in peril of ever- 
lasting punishment. They believed in education, and 
as soon as possible would open up schools. .In be- 
queathing their estate, no share was left to the daugh- 
ters. They were supposed to marry men who could 
provide for them. 

Now, in mission work, the question arises, How is 
this conglomeration of ideas and customs to be recon- 
ciled, unified or neutralized, that they will blend into 
a peaceful, loving Brotherhood? The Gospel is in- 
tended for all, is adapted to all, and finds a place in the 
hearts of all. But it is quite evident that to accom- 
plish this no one people or nationality can enforce their 
peculiarities upon another, or get others to drop their 
customs, and adopt something entirely different. May 
it not be, after all, that the greatest barrier in the way 
of taking the world for Christ is in our clannishness? 

While there is, or was, very much in the Scotch- 
Irish that might be objectionable, the Germans, by 
exclusiveness and isolation, widened the chasm be- 
tween them and, really, in some respects, became ob- 

Over a century has passed away and we, as children 
of the fourth or fifth generation, look over the same 
valleys. Along the hillsides, in grass-grown and per- 
haps neglected graves, sleep, sweetly sleep, side by 
side, the ones we are writing about. The changing 
vicissitudes of time have mellowed our opinions of 
many things. The language that was so dear to our 
forefathers is an unknown tongue to us. We have 
left their seclusion and taken our place in the fields of 
science and literature. 

But we have much yet to do that our wealth and the 
wants of the world and the religion of Jesus Christ 
demand of us. We have abandoned some things as 
heritages of our fathers, and may have to abandon 
many more. May the Lord help us to see, and give 
us courage to abandon all non-essentials and uphold 
his truth in all its primitive purity and simplicity ! 

Hollidaysburg, Pa. 



I have been entertained in hundreds of homes while 
engaged in pastoral work. I have been thankful and 
happy for the blessed opportunity to give advice and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


consolation from the Word of God. Again and again 
I have seen the truth comfort a weary life, and bring 
peace to a grief-stricken soul. But I entered a home, 
the other day, visited by a sorrow, in the face of which 
I found myself utterly helpless to comfort or soothe 
the anguish of the heart. 

It was a home composed of two earnest, young 
Christian workers. 'They were very sincere and deeply 
religious. While I sat talking with them, there came a 
sharp ring from the telephone. The lady went quickly 
to answer the call. The news that came darkened the 
bright home as a heavy, lowering cloud throws gloom 
over a glittering world of sunshine. The death of her 
dear father- was told her for the first time. In her 
despair bitter tears rolled down her cheeks. I tried 
to comfort and console her with the beautiful hope of 
salvation offered to all, and the heavenly home await- 
ing the Christian when the trials of this life are ended, 
but she only cried the more bitterly, and rocked her- 
self to and fro. " My father was not a Christian," she 
said, " he is not saved." 

It was only too true. Her father had neglected all 
opportunities of accepting the kind and loving Jesus 
as his Savior. The only thought that could come to 
the burdened hearts of the young people, as they looked 
into the future and the world beyond, was, "Lost, lost.'* 
What a sad legacy to leave the loved ones ! How sadly 
different from what it might have been. 

Every reader can draw his own lesson from the sad 
experience in the lives of these young people. What 
an awful warning to the heedless sinner! There is a 
far better way to care for, and protect, those we love 
than simply looking after their material wants. It is 
by giving all to the loving Christ. When this life is 
ended, a legacy of hope and cheer, as well as the 
knowledge of a glorious life to come, will be left for 
those who remain behind. Such a legacy will comfort 
and give joy. 

3643 Grenshaiu Street, Chicago, III. 

Milk and Honey. 


The interpretation of the Palestine " milk and 
honey" flow was once problematical to me; but, hav- 
ing visited Palestine and " viewed the landscape o'er," 
I have come to an interpretation which is not only 
satisfactory to my mind, but exceedingly beautiful, 
hence I am prompted to pass it on. It may have been, 
given often by others. It may be in print in many 
places. " I wist not." 

Israel were a pastoral people ; not so much a peo- 
ple of agriculture and less yet a people of mechanical 
industry, and still farther from the idea of bondage, 
so that the agriculture of Egypt, the manufacture of 
brick in the land of Pharaoh, and the shackles of invol- 
untary servitude, encountered finally in the land of 
Goshen, proved to be both grievous and practically 
unbearable. The Lord told them it was enough, and 
he sympathized with them and sent them a deliverer. 

The ideal which the Lord held before his people, 
in this awful condition, was, " a land flowing with 
milk and honey." Let us see how this would appeal 
to them. Let us venture the interpretation thereof. 
They were constitutionally, habitually, and primarily, 
a liberty-loving people. 

The balmy, bracing atmosphere of the glorious 
hill country of Judea was ideal, compared with the 
flat lands of the Nile. 

A flow of milk means an abundance of milk. Abun- 
dance of milk means abundance of herds — goats and 
cattle. Abundance of herds means abundance of grass. 
Abundance of grass means a salubrious climate and 
fertile soil ; and sure enough, Palestine is a fertile coun- 
try. The soil is rich. The grass is abundant. Enough 
surplus grass grows during the wet season to pasture 
the stock through the dry season and the hay is, there- 
fore, practically self-making and self-preserving. Tt 
simply grows and lasts from year to year. 

For a country to be a good dairying country is per- 
haps one of the highest tests of its power to support 
a civilized people. Show me a good dairying country 
and I will show you a great country. 

Again, " flowing with honey " means an abundance 
°f honey, not necessarily an abundance of bees ; al- 

though, where there is much honey there should be 
many bees, I grant. Bees, however, do not make 
honey, strictly speaking. They simply gather it. 

"How doth the little busy bee. 
Improve each shining hour, 
And gather honey all the day, 
From every opening flower." 

They gather the nectar and deposit the honey. They 
are the harvesters, therefore, of the honey crop. 

Flowers are honey producing, so back of the honey 
flow there is an abundance of flowers. The abundance 
of flowers means a land of beauty ; a land of fragrance ; 
a wholesome clime. Indeed, Palestine is superb and is 
preeminent in its florescent character. 

The gathering, pressing, mounting, and booking of 
flowers in Palestine is an industry. Even in the latter 
part of the dry season, beautiful flowers peep up from 
between the cracks of the dry ground, in the absence. 
even, of green foliage. 

Palestine is a lovely land in point of climate, beauty, 
and resources; so that "a land flowing with milk and 
honey," the ideal which the Lord held before Israel 
when in bondage and when in the wilderness, is cer- 
tainly a very high test of climate and resourceful con- 
ditions; and, indeed, the religious and enlightened 
civilization, which Palestine has furnished the world, 
evidences the ideality of Palestine as a country favor- 
able to the highest civilization. 

What a wonderful and beautiful geographic test is 
the milk and honey flow of the Holy Land! Milk is 
normally at its best. So is honey. From this we go 
to the " sincere milk of the Word," and only the Word 
of God is " sweeter than honey and the honey comb." 
How marvelous and how beautiful and how ideal arc 
the milk and honey flow of the spiritual Canaan! 
Truly, it is ideal, and it " is a land of pure delight." 

Hebron Seminary, Nokcsvillc, Va. 



"That there may be equality." 2 Cor. 8: 14. 

One of the peculiar and fundamental principles of 
the Christian religion is equality, in a qualified sense. 
Man and wife in the home, brethren and sisters in the 
church, are equal in many things, but, in the natural 
make-up of the most perfect specimens, there is, of 
necessity, a difference, without, necessarily a superior- 
ity on either side. The superiority where it naturally 
exists, is often in favor of the weaker sex. While man 
is superior in stature and strength, woman is the su- 
perior in refinement, morality, faithfulness and many 
of the more noble endowments of humanity. It is re- 
corded as an historical fact, that during a dreadful 
siege of yellow fever in a southern city, many fathers 
abandoned their families and fled for their lives, hut 
not one of the mothers was known to leave her home 
as long as a single member of her family was alive. 

Of all the religious systems known to man, there is 
none that maintains the equality of its followers 
as does the religion taught and practiced by Jesus 

It was the intention of the Creator that his people. 
under the former dispensations, should have been 
more equal, but their carnal influences interfered. The 
Psalmist said, " He fashioneth their hearts alike." Psa. 
33: 15. The wise man said, "The rich and poor meet 
together: the Lord is the maker of them all." Prov. 

This perverted desire for emulation caused " the 
mother of Zebedee's children " to request special fa- 
vors for her sons. Both the request and the indigna- 
tion it caused, were beautifully answered by the reply 
of Jesus, "But it shall not be so among you." See 
Matt. 20 : 20-28. 

Centuries before the advent of our Savior into this 
sinful world, this peculiar feature of his teaching was 
foretold in prophecy in that impressive metaphor re- 
corded in Isa. 40:4, and alluded to by all four of the 
evangelists in the New Testament Consider the warn- 
ing and the promise contained in Jesus' words, " And 
whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased: and he 
that shall humble himself shall be exalted." Matt. 
23 : 12. 

With all the teaching we have along this line, it is 

pitiful to see the carnal desire for superiority so prev- 
alent among professed Christians. While this sad 
condition obtains so generally around us, it is pleasing 
to note the equality among the members of the Church 
of the Brethren. While there are among us, according 
to divine direction, bishops, elders, ministers, teachers, 
deacons, helpers, etc., every member has an equal voice 
in placing upon them this service. Every step that 
they are advanced makes them only the more the serv- 
ants of the church. The added power and responsi- 
bility only increase the divine obligation to " occupy 
till I come." Luke 19: 13. 

While official position, sex, natural and acquired 
ability, do make a real difference among the member'; 
of the body, the unity and equality are beautifully pre- 
sented by Peter, after he had received such an impres- 
sive lesson in the home of Cornelius, when he declared 
that God " hath made of one blood all nations of men " 
(Acts 17: 26), and in verse 29, " We are the offspring 
of God." Paul also testifies, " For ye are all the chil- 
dren of God by faith in Christ Jesus" (Gal. 3:26). 
In verse 28 we have, " For ye are all one in Christ 

The equality of the members of the church is well 
illustrated in a tangible manner by the fact that every 
member is, in fact, really an equal stockholder in our 
great publishing plant. Each hoy or girl who but re- 
cently came into the church, and never paid a dollar 
into the mission fund, is an equal stockholder with the 
wealthy brother who has paid thousands of dollars to- 
ward putting [his valuable property into the hands of 
the church. In this we are equal, absolutely equal. Ii 
is the duty of every member to encourage the publish- 
ing interest. The more business the House has, the 
more profit and ability to enable the church and every 
member in it, to obey the great commission, "(In 

Our Savior, in the parable of the talents, proves 
conclusively that the servant with two talents was 
made equal with the one that bad five, because be 
was equally faithful. 

Beloved brethren and sisters, let us all try hard to 
do our best, wherever our work is, and let us not envy 
those whom we imagine to be more favored than we 
are. It is much better to be a good Sunday-school 
worker than a poor preacher or elder. 

The great judgment day will reveal many a faith- 
ful Christian mother, who did her best in her little 
home circle, and whose name, perhaps, was never seen 
in print, to be equal, if not superior to many who were 
considered great in this life. 

Dear brethren and sisters, let us strive to be equal 
to our work and our opportunities, knowing that if 
faithful we shall bear the welcome plaudit, "Well 
done, thou good and faithful servant, . . . enter 
thou into the joy of thy Lord." Matt. 25:21. 
Panora, Iowa. 


Another Bible Institute, with its reunions, lessons and 
impressions is in the past. Beginning with Jan. 4, the 
work continued up to and including the 13th. 

The severe cold and the drifted condition of the streets 
and roads lessened the attendance somewhat from sur- 
rounding territory, but, all in all, the institute was a good 
average from beginning to end. 

This year the courses were principally along practical 
lines of church and Sunday-school work, with a mini- 
mum of theory Brethren D. J. Lichty, Olin F. Shaw, 
S. S. Blough, J. G. Roycr and M. W. Emmert did the bulk 
of the teaching. Brethren C. C. Price and V. C. Finncll 
each gave an address on the temperance movement. 

From the above list of talent it will be seen that the 
instruction was varied enough to meet the wants of all. 
When a missionary, two pastors, a live educator of long 
experience, and a Bible department head get together, 
the fire burns It was a good meeting, and the results 
will be far-reaching. 

Our enrollment has grown since the Holidays and we 
.are just on the point of beginning a new term, and the 
second semester of the year. 

Bro. Bonsack, of Union Bridge, Md., commences a 
series of meetings in the new chapel some time in Feb- 
ruary, and we hope for an uplift in spiritual life from 
these meetings, and a large ingathering of souls among 
our student body. M. M. Sherrick. 

Jan. 15. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


The Best. 


The best book is the Bible. 

The best study is nature. 

The best teacher is Christ. • 

The best place in which to be is home. 

The best gift is one's self, for " the gift without the 
giver is bare." 

The best weapon of defense is the sword of faith. 

The best dress is the Christian armor. 

The best thing by which to be led is love. 

The best path to tread is a narrow one. 

The best virtues are love for our fellow-men, and 
patience with their weaknesses. 

The best person to look to, for wholesome advice 
and counsel, is a good mother. 

The best thing to direct us in our dealings with our 
fellow-men is the Golden Rule, " Do to others as ye 
would that they should do to you." 

The best thing to keep us out of mischief is work 
for both mind and body. 

The best education is one that contains no non- 
essentials, and teaches us to help ourselves and others, 
mentally, morally and physically. 

The best inheritance parents can give to their chil- 
dren is a birth and training that will entitle them to 
the greater inheritance, " eternal life." 

The greatest earthly blessing one can have is health. 

The best things to follow after are joy, peace, con- 
tentment, happiness, purity, honesty, truthfulness, 
kindness, charity, and temperance. 

The best place to prepare to go to is heaven. 

The best thing to practice is obedience to God's 
Word. This leads us to all things good, and keeps us 
from being led astray by vice, temptation, riches, 
fame, fashion, worldly honor, applause of men, and 
sin of all kinds. We are led to help the poor and 
needy, raise the fallen, cheer the sick, and to follow 
in Christ's footsteps. He went not to the places of 
mirth and revelry, but to places of suffering, that he 
might help the suffering and sorrowing, and teach, by 
his life of sacrifice for us, that it is more blessed to 
give than to receive. 

Vestaburg, Mich. 

Flory's short sermon in the Gospel Messenger of 
Jan. 1. I was reminded of my first trip to California 
in 1887, when we were so kindly received in a far- 
away country by Bro. Flory. I heartily agree with 
him about our opportunities passing often more rap- 
idly than we imagine. I am very much pleased with the 
soul-cheering, solid, doctrinal sermons that come to 
my home weekly by the ever welcome Gospel Mes- 
senger, which should come to every home. Paul 
says, "Woe is unto me if I preach not the Gospel." 
My dear reader, let us remember, " Woe is unto me " 
if my love is not without dissimulation. My heart is 
made to rejoice when I note that the writers of the 
Messenger are strongly in favor of holding up the 
doctrine firmly. In 1 Tim. 4: 13-16, Paul urges us to 
"give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doc- 
trine. Neglect not the gift that is in thee. . . . 
Give thyself wholly to them. . . . Take heed unto 
thyself and unto the doctrine; continue in them, for 
in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them 
that hear thee." Let us take the advice and admoni- 
tion of 2 John 9, and " abide in the doctrine of Christ," 
and our love will he without dissimulation. When we 
become weak, let us take the example of Jesus in Matt. 
17: 12. God is no respecter of persons. There is an 
opportunity for each one to come into Christ's kingdom 
and be saved. 

R. D. 5, Carlisle, Pa. 

In Tune With the Messenger. 


I just want to express something of my opinion of 
the Gospel Messenger. I have been reading it as 
long as I can remember of reading any paper. I am 
more pleased with it than ever, and more appreciative 
of its merits. The more I read other church papers, 
and newspapers in geweral, the more I see what class 
of literature the reading public really hungers for. 
The Messenger certainly compares very favorably 
with any other church paper of which I have any 
knowledge, and the price of $1.50 per year is far less 
than that of any church paper I know of, anywhere 
near its class. 

As an advocate of peace and of temperance, your 
editorial stand is most logical and convincing. 

I used to think the Messenger was a little radical in 
political opinions and as to church customs and stand- 
ards, but I no longer think so. Whether my attitude 
to certain things has changed, with the years, or 
whether the editorial sentiment has changed, I do 
not know. Perhaps both have seen slight changes for 
better and broader attainments. 

At any rate, I feel glad that I am in tune with the 
Messenger, for its reading certainly does me great 
good. I feel that it is certainly, as it were, " The 
power of God unto salvation." We appreciate the 
editors and the contributors. We are glad that it ap- 
pears free from any union label. 

Brandon, Colo. 

"That Face and Bonnet." 


Train No. 8 does not stop at Oakland, but makes 
connection at Green Spring, but train No. 2, from 
St. Louis to New York, is the opposite. A young 
sister recently wished to go from Oakland and make 
connection at Green Spring, and, since she could do 
no better, took No. 2 and, after getting on at Oakland, 
said, "Will this train stop at Green Spring or will I 
have to lay over at Cumberland?" The conductor re- 
plied, "This train never stops at Green Spring, but do' 
you want to get off real bad at that point?" She said, 
" Yes, for if I do not, I will not get home till long 
after night." The conductor replied, " Well, this train 
will stop for you, but I'll tell you, it is that face and 
bonnet alone that stops this train." 

Brethren, sisters, do we always realize fully the 
power of our plain garb? If a pure face, radiant 
with light divine and surounded by a plain bonnet will 
stop one of the through trains on the main line of the 
B. & O. R. R-, will it not be helpful to us in evangeliz- 
ing the world? The outward is only a manifestation 
of the inward. A plain garb may not always produce 
humility, but humility will invariably manifest itself 
by plain garb. 

Oakland, Md. _«, . , 

Where Is My Brother? 


God inquired, " Where is Abel, thy brother?" This 
question, directed to Cain, is an indication of what 
God thinks of brotherly care and love. Cain ques- 
tioned, "Am I my brother's keeper?" "Cain, what 
hast thou done?" These awful, penetrating words, 
spoken by God, made Cain's ears tingle. Sin was 
crouching in his heart, and the agony of self-inflicted 
doom pierced his soul and made him cry, " My pun- 
ishment is greater than I can bear." 

" He that loveth not his brother abideth in death." 
Where is my brother? Do I really love him? If he 
has made a mistake, am I willing to forgive him? God 
knows. " Forgive us our debts as we forgive our 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Every One's Opportunity. 


Let love be without dissimulation, dear reader. My 
heart was made to rejoice when I read Eld. J. S. 

Result of a Misfortune. 


I had the misfortune to be bitten by a mad dog in 
my yard, on Thanksgiving morning. A doctor was 
called at once, who advised me to go to the Pasteur 
Institute in Richmond, Va. I went, and remained 
there for treatment eighteen days. During that time, 
and since at home, the Lord has blessed me with good 
health, for which I praise his name. I wish to say 
that I never before enjoyed the Messenger as I did 

while at the hospital, for I saw no brethren or sisters 
while in Richmond, and but very few who knew any- 
thing about the Church of the Brethren. This being 
my isolated condition in a city of nearly 150,000 in- 
habitants, I was made to feel more forcibly the need 
of mission work in the South. 
Naffs, Va. 

Better Than His Own Paper. 


I am highly pleased with the Gospel Messenger. 
It is put up in such a tasty way. A short time ago a 
man who belongs to the Albright church told me that 
it is far superior to their church paper; that he would 
rather read it than his own paper, for it is so clean of 
advertisements and stands for the true doctrine as 
taught by Christ Jesus. He said he has been a sub- 
scriber of it for many years. 

May the dear Lord bless our dear editors and spare 
them yet many years, that they may continue to give 
us the good and inspiring editorials which come to us 
each week. 

Glade, Pa. 


For Sunday Evening:, January 30, 1910. 

"Let the Rich Be . . . Sociable." 

1 Tim. 6: 17-19. 

1. "Be not highminded." V. 17; Prov. 28: 11; 18: 23; 
Ezek. 28: 5; Hosea 12: 8; James 2: 6. (See note.) 

II. " Nor trust in uncertain riches." Deut. 8: 17; Psa. 
49: 6, 7; 52: 7; 62: 10; Prov. 11: 4; Matt. 6: 19, 20. 
III. "But in the living God." Deut. 8: 18; 1 Sam. 2: 7; 
Prov. 10: 22; Eccles. 5: 19. 

IV. "Do good." V. 18; 1 Chron. 29: 3; Mark 12: 42-44; 
Luke 16: 9. 

V. Be sociably benevolent. V. 18; Matt. 19: 21; Rom. 
12: 13; 1 John 3: 17. (See note 2.) 

VI. Live for eternity. Psa. 39: 6; 2 Cor. 9: 6; Luke 19:9. 

VII. The true riches. Eph. 3: 8; 1 Cor. 1: 30; Col. 2: 3; 
1 Pet. 2: 7. 

Note. — 1. It is exceedingly difficult for a person to be 
rich and not think a little better of himself on that ac- 
count — highmindedness. 

2. The marginal reading in your Bible for " willing to 
communicate " is " sociable." The rich, therefore, 
are not only to be benevolent, but socially benevo- 
lent. (See write-up in Young People.) 


For "Week Beginning January 30, 1910. 

Overcoming All Things Brings Reward. 

1 Peter 1: 7; Rev. 21: 7. 

1. Reward of the Watchful Servant. — Christ's personal 
service, loving and tender, is promised to him whom "the 
Lord, when he cometh shall find watching" (Luke 12: 37). 

2. Reward of the Enduring Believer. — A crown of life 
is the glorious reward of all those that love the Lord, 
and have testified to their loyalty by enduring temptation 
and overcoming all things (James 1: 12). 

3. Reward of the Diligent Saint. — Making our " calling 
and election sure," " an entrance shall be ministered 
unto us abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ" (2 Peter 1: 10, 11). 

4. Reward of Faithful Stewardship. — The parable of 
the talents (Matt. 25: 31-40) is full of precious teaching. 
A servant " faithful in a few things " will be made " ruler 
over many." God is exceedingly liberal, — giving much 
for a very little. The "Well done, good and faithful serv- 
ant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord," comes to him 
of the two talents, as- well as to him of the five. Christ 
rewards according to effort, faithfully made, and not ac- 
cording to man's idea of achievement. 

5. Reward of Victorious Overcoming. — John's Book of 
Revelation is a glorious record of promises to victorious 
saints. Here we have life and immortality in the fullness 
of their perfection (2: 7); preservation from the terrors 
of the second death (2: 11); hidden manna for the soul's 
sustenance, and a white stone with the new name (2: 17); 
power and authority (2: 26, 27); to be clothed in white 
raiment and walk with the Lord in his glory (3: 5); 
special honor, — pillars in the everlasting temple (3: 12); 
blessed fellowship with Christ,— sitting at his table and 
sharing his throne (3: 20, 21); fellow-heirs with Jesus 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 


A Morning Hymn. 

My waking eyes behold the dawn, 

The morning light I see; 
The day made new, the darkness flown, 

God's faithfulness to me. 

Father in heaven, to thee above 

Will I direct my prayer; 
In thee I live, and be, and move, 

I am thy constant care. 

I thank thee for all things I have, 

Thy blessed providence; 
I know in danger thou wilt save, 

Thou art my sure defense. 

Be with me. Lord, throughout this day, 

Help me to follow thee; 
O guide me in " the narrow way," 

And I shall faithful be. 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

" They That Tarry by the Stuff." 


The clothes were washed clean and white, and 
hung systematically on the line, so there was no reason 
for Mrs. Bowden's prolonged stare on the score of " a 
poor washing." Yet she did stare and finally walked 
slowly into the yard where Hetty was busy rinsing out 
the tubs. 

Mrs. Bowden was a woman who went straight to 
the point, the only way she knew was the direct route 
to anything she might desire to know. Without even 
a " good morning," she said, " Now, Hetty, I'd like to 
know what this means ? You are not so poor that you 
must wash for a living?" 

Hetty smiled radiantly. " No, indeed, I am glad it 
is not absolutely necessary. But you know John is 
working hard to get us a home in New Mexico, and it 
may take longer than we had planned, and when Mrs. 
Smith said she wanted some one to do her washing, 
I said I gladly would if I could suit her." 

Mrs. Bowden sniffed disdainfully, "Suit her! She 
hasn't had such clean tablecloths for an age. But 
John wouldn't like it if he knew how hard you are 
working back here." 

" Now, Sister Bowden, you know I can't sit, idly 
waiting until John sends for us. I want to help." 

" Yes, you always have helped. I hope John knows 
what a treasure he has in you." 

" Never fear," laughed Hetty, " John is always plac- 
ing too high an estimate on my abilities." 

When, a few months later, Hetty and the children 
were met at the station in New Mexico, and taken to 
the little house which was to be their home, John said, 
" There were times when I thought we must wait a 
year longer before your coming, but your help has 
made it possible for us to begin our home in this new 

The old prophet Samuel said, " As his part is that 
goeth down to battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth 
by the stuff." Ah, but the one who enters the lists for 
the battle is doing a dangerous thing; he must dare 
and struggle on against great odds; he takes heavy 
risks. Sometimes he may have to lay down his life 
on the battlefield. But what of those who are too 
weak to march to the field of battle? They remain be- 
hind, weak and defenseless. They endure anxiety and 
suspense; as the days drag their slow length along, in 
the brooding night hours they wish for the quick 
rush of battle as an actual relief from the slow torture 
of uncertainty. 

Who tarries by the stuff today? All those who are 
too weak to march to the battlefield. Women like 
Hetty, whose husbands have gone into a new country 
to make a home for the family. Whether she goes 
along, or remains behind, the wife and mother has an 
equal share in the enterprise. She tarries by the stuff 
in a new country, where she misses the old home, old 
friends and the old church. She makes a new home, 
starts a new Sunday school and finds new associations 
for her family. Her husband is rendering a conspicuous 
service to his family in the purchase of more land, or 
m the extension of his business. She tarries by the 
stuff and is entitled to an equal share of profit, praise 
and consideration. 

It requires patience to tarry by the stuff, also hu- 
mility. We do not want to remain behind while one 
we love is pressing forward. We want to keep step 
with him. When God asks us to tarry by the stuff, by 
giving us some easy, simple thing to do, there is an 
instinct in us to thwart his purpose by proposing to 
do some great thing. Christ found men failing by try- 
ing too hard, quite as often as by trying too little; and 
one of the main objections to his yoke was that it was 
easy, and to his burden that it was not elaborate 
enough to suit men's pride. The new ritual of the 
heart, which he proposed, seemed tame and unworthy. 
Men still fail of doing the will of Christ because he 
asks of them so much less than their pride thinks 
enough. We need not be afraid that some mighty op- 
portunity will slip by us while we tarry by the stuff. 
We shall do more by scheming less. God is continu- 
ally blessing us by suffering us not to do certain tilings 
which we greatly desire to do. There are few people 
whom God calls to do great tilings for him ; but the 
best thing most of us can do is to tarry by the stuff 
and do, in our poor way, the simple service needed in 
our allotted place. 

A strong, merry-hearted, care-free girl was on her 
way from school when a branch from a tree pinned 
her fast to the earth. When her friends learned that 
she never would walk again, nor be free from pain, they 
said it would have been easier if she could have died. 
No one ever knew what Mary herself suffered; she 
had a motto hung where she could always see it, " Be 
strong and of good courage, for the Lord thy God is 
with thee." For twelve years Mary lingered by the 
stuff, and then the Lord took her home. But after 
she had gone, then the others spoke of what she had 
done for them. 

One of the girls spoke of a time when she thought 
she must give up being a teacher; she could not con- 
trol her pupils and she had gone to Mary with her dis- 
couragements. It was strange how many more had 
gone to her with their troubles. " Mary didn't pity 
me. She only said, ' Dear, there's always something 
left. One can always be brave and one doesn't have 
to be brave alone.' And she looked at the motto be- 
fore her." Other girls told of inspiration received 
from Mary, until we wondered if any one on the field 
of battle had ever won so great a victory as was hers 
while she tarried by the stuff. 

Sometimes it dawns upon a man — all at once — that 
he is not to accomplish the things he has been aiming 
at, that cherished projects are not for him to fulfill, 
that, instead of going forth into battle, he shall remain 
behind and tarry with the stuff. Then is a man 
really tried. Then he is tested, and it is made evident 
what manner of spirit is in htm. Can he stand dis- 
appointment? Can he stand it heroically? Can he en- 
dure, — not asking for pity, but quietly lining up for 
whatever work God has yet for him to do? The real 
test of courage is for those who must tarry by the 
stuff, not for those who march beneath flying colors. 
The limitations of life are not meant for our defeat, 
but for a wise discernment of our powers that our 
deeds, our loving ministries and high ideals may wit- 
ness to others that his grace is sufficient for us. 
"Did you tackle that trouble that came your way 
With a resolute heart and cheerful, 
Or hide your face from the light of day 

With a craven soul and fearful? 
Oh, a trouble's a ton or a trouble's an ounce. 

Or a trouble is what you make it, 
And it isn't the fact that you're hurt that counts, 
But only, How did you take it?" 

Covington, Ohio. 


The sisters' aid society of the Nezperce cnurch, Idaho, 
held their last meeting for the year 1909 Dec. 15. Since 
Aug. 1 we have held eleven meetings, with an average 
attendance of ten. We have made and tied four comfort- 
ers and tied six, and made thirty pieces of clothing. We 
have also aided three families who were in need. We 
now have $19 in our treasury. Sister Nora Brallier is 
president of the society. — Ivy Walter, Secretary, Nez- 
perce, Idaho, Dec. 27. 

Our aid society met Nov. 3 and reorganized for one 
year, with Sister Kate Swartz president, Sister Mary 
Claudin, vice-president, and Sister Luella Burton, secre- 
tary and treasurer. During the past year we have met 
fifteen times, with an average attendance of four. We 
sent one sack of clothing to Kansas City and one sack 
of bedding to Bethany Bible School, Our receipts have 
been $1176, and our expenses, $6.45, leaving $5.31 in the 
treasury. We will soon lose some of our earnest work- 
ers in the society. This we regret very much as we are, 
at best, but few in number. — Luella Burton, Mansfield, 
III., Dec. 29. 

Following is the report for the year beginning Oct. 
14, 1908, and ending Oct. 6, 1909; Six meetings were 
held with an average attendance of nine. The collections 
amounted to $6.40; expenditures, $5.55. One box of goods 
was sent to the Springfield Mission, valued at $11.25. 
Some of our work was in helping the poor of our own 
community. The new organization is as follows: Sister 
Sarah Wrightsman, president; Sister Clara Shull, vice- 
president; Sister Pearl Shutt, secretary and treasurer. 
Since the close of the year two boxes have been sent to 
.the Mission mentioned above, one for Thanksgiving, 
valued at $7.90, and the other for Christmas, valued at 
$10.00.— Pearl Shutt, Virden, 111., Dec. 27. 

The sisters' aid society of the Logan church held six 
meetings during the last six months, with an average at- 
tendance of fourteen. During this time we sewed only 
twice for the society. At other times the work was fur- 
nished by those in whose homes we met. The society, 
with a number of others, gave a donation for a brother 
and sister whose home was destroyed by fire. Comfort- 
ers, blankets, pillow cases, dresses, waists, aprons, canned 
fruit, jellies, and other articles, were given. One box 
nf clothing was sent to Giicago, III. Balance on hand, 
from the last six months, $18.03; received in six months, 
$16.12. Total, $34.45. Expenses, $2.77. Balance on 
hand, $31.38. We expect to get carpet for the church in 
the near future.— Bertha Yodcr, R. D. 5, Box 16, Bcllc- 
fontaine, Ohio, Jan. 5. 


The year 1909 was a busy one for the sisters' aid so- 
ciety in the Cerro Gordo church. Several quilts were 
quilted, besides other sewing done. We have had fifty 
meetings this year, with an average attendance of nine. 
When we take into consideration the number of sisters 
in this church, we realize that the attendance is smalt 
indeed, but we trust that God will bless us and give us 
more workers during the coming year. Our total re- 
ceipts for the year were $144.20; total expenditures, 
$143.70. Wc furnished a room in Bethany Bible School, 
bought carpet for our home church, sent clothing to 
the Chicago Mission, helped some poor at home and also 
support an orphan. At the last council we reorganized 
for 1910, with Sister Alice Huffaker, president; Sister 
Anna Root, vice-president, and Sister Belva Hcckman, 
secretary and treasurer. — Alice Huffaker, Cerro Gordo, 

111., Jan. 6. 


The sisters' aid society of the Murdock church met 
Dec. 22 and reorganized. The following officers were 
elected: Sister Bertha Delp, president; Sister Mary Be- 
shore, vice-president; Sister Anna Fitzgerald, secretary 
and treasurer. Our society has recently closed its two 
years' work. Wc have held twenty-four meetings dur- 
ing that time, with an average attendance of seven and 
eight. Considering the number and the fact that we are 
widely scattered, wc feel that wc are meeting with fair 
success. We collected $46.79 from fees and for work 
done. Most of our money has been used to furnish our 
own church, but since that is now done, we hope to give 
more aid to those in need. We sent two parcels of cloth- 
ing and $2.45 to the St. Joseph Mission in Missouri. Sev- 
eral families in our own neighborhood have received help, 
besides two donations from our society to two needy 
families. — Anna Fitzgerald, New Murdock, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Following is the report of the Appanoose sisters' aid 
society, in the Northeastern District of Kansas for the 
year ending 1909, The society met with Sister Martha 
Flora Dec. 15. The following officers were elected by 
ballot: president, Sister Sarah Flory; vice-president, Sis- 
ter Catherine Michael; secretary, treasurer and superin- 
tendent, Sister Anna Barnhart. Sixteen meetings were 
held during the year, with an average attendance of four- 
teen. There were 176 garments made, 15 comforters, 4 
quilts and 4 prayer coverings, making a total of 199 pieces. 
One donation was given to present needy, a year's sup- 
port to the India Orphanage, $20; to the Kansas City 
Mission Christmas dinner, $4.40; two donations to Kan- 
sas City Mission, consisting of 48 new garments, 120 do- 
nated, 9 comforters, 1 quilt and 1 Bible. To Denver Mis- 
sion we gave 36 new garments, 24 donated, and 3 com- 
forters. Total number of new garments, 85; donated gar- 
ments, 144; comforters, 12; 1 quilt and 1 Bible. Money 
collected, $26.27; collected for articles sold, $14.22; re- 
ceived for work, $5.50; amount forwarded from 1908, $3.58. 
Total, $49.57. Expenses, $48.47. Balance in treasury, 
$1.10.— Anna Barnhart, Overbrook, Kans., Jan. 7, 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


Offlcdal Org-an of the Charon of the Brethren 

A Religious Weekly 


Brethren Publishing House 

16 to 24 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois 



Editor, D. L. Miller. 

Office Editor, J. H. Moore. 

Assistant, L. A. Plate. 

Corresponding- Editors. 

H B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon. Fa. 

H. C. Early Penn Laird Va. 

Grant Mahan Omaja. Cuba. 

Business Manager, R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee, 

G. W. Lenta, Geo. S. Arnold, P. R. Keltner. 

ET-All business mid com mnnf cations intended for tbo paper ahonld he addressed 
to the BPETRKF.N rUMJSHING HOUSE, ELGIN, ILL., and not to any indi- 
vidual connected with It. 

Entered nt tho Postofflce at Elgin, 111. , as Second-class Matter. 

Bro. G. W. Landis, of Oklahoma, changes his ad- 
dress from Chandler to Reed, R. D. 1. 

Bro. A. F. Shriver, of Ohio, changes his address 
from Louisville to 843 S. Main Street, Akron. 

We are requested to say that Rufus Wyatt (not 
Rufus Wise) has been placed in charge of the mission 
at Joplin, Missouri. 

Bro. Chas. D. Bonsack is booked for a series of 
meetings at Mt. Morris, to be held sometime during the 
month of February. 

Bro. Lawrence Prowant, of Ohio, wishes us to 
announce that his address has been changed from 
Continental to Oakwood. 

It is due Bro. M. J. Bailey, of Mt. Ida, Kans., to 
say that his name got into the ministerial list by mis- 
take, and it was no fault of his. 

Bro. C S. Garber is engaged in a series of meetings 
at the West Side Mission, Wichita, Kans. Eight per- 
sons have applied for membership. 

Bro. Eli Roose held a few meetings at Buchanan, 
Mich., and seven put on Christ in baptism. One who 
had wandered from the fold returned. 

Bro. J. W. Lear, of Cerro Gordo, this State, is 
engaged in a revival at Huntington, Ind., and promises 
to stop at Elgin on his way home, after the meeting. 

The District Board of Michigan has opened a mis- 
sion in Grand Rapids and those interested in the work 
can address Sister Sarah Long, 406 Francis Street, 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

The officers of the last district meeting of Southern 
Illinois have decided that the district meeting for 1910 
will convene in the Cerro Gordo church. The date will 
be announced in due time. 

A number of Bethany students called at the Mes- 
senger sanctum last Monday. They came out to at- 
tend the meetings on Sunday and did not return to 
Chicago until the next day. 

Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, writes 
us that the church at that place is now engaged in a 
revival effort, with Bro. A. P. Snader, of New Wind- 
sor, Md., doing the preaching. 

Next week, or not later than the week following, 
we trust we shall be able to publish the queries intend- 
ed for the Annual Meeting. We have heard from all 
the Districts but nine, and should have word from 
them before the close of this week. Just as soon as the 
matter can be got together, the queries will appear in 
the Messenger. 

From the Mount Morris Index and other sources, 
we learn that the Bible Institute at the College was 
not only well attended, but it was more than ordinarily 
interesting. The program took in quite a variety of 
studies, and each one received due consideration. The 
inspiration growing out of the exercises was a very 
noticeable feature. 

The Linville church, of Virginia, is one of the lar- 
gest congregations in Rockingham County. It has a 
good working force, an active Sunday school, and 
starts out this year with a membership of 493. 

Bro. P. B. Newman, of Cabool, Mo., reached St. 
Joseph, Mo., in time to enjoy the Christmas work of 
the South St. Joseph Mission, and at this time is in 
charge of the Mission. He may be addressed at 502 
Kentucky Street. 

The minutes of the district meeting of Southern 
Indiana reached our desk a few days ago. We ob- 
serve that Bro. L. W. Teeter is to represent the Dis- 
trict on the Standing Committee, and that one paper 
goes to the Annual Meeting. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife have arranged to spend 
the remainder of the winter in Pasadena, Cal., and 
should now be addressed at 752 Herkimer Street, 
where they will be found until they get ready to re- 
turn to their home at Mount Morris. 

We cannot be expected to make special mention of 
each mistake that may be found in the Brethren Alma- 
nac regarding the pastors and elders of churches. We 
make note of all the corrections sent us, and in due 
time will either publish them as a whole, or hold them 
over for the next Almanac. 

On page 64 will be found a special notice to the 
sisters' aid societies of the Brotherhood. We are sure 
that the request made by the officers of the general or- 
ganization will receive immediate attention. Our 
sisters are doing a good work, and everything possible 
should be done to encourage them in their efforts. 

The temperance page, which appeared last week, is 
greatly appreciated by our patrons. With a view of 
helping the temperance cause, and encouraging the 
temperance workers, we are likely to repeat the ar- 
rangement occasionally, and for that reason solicit 
suitable matter, original or selected. Facts and inci- 
dents along the temperance line will be in order, but 
everything sent us should be short, clear and forcible. 

Bro. D. P. Welch, of Dresden, N. C, writes: " I 
trust you will not be worried if I offer a few thanks 
for the Messenger just read, — No. 50. It is by far 
the best paper that has yet come to my home, or else 
I am no judge of such matters. Away with the idea 
that we have no people as sound in faith as of yore ! 
These articles settle that question forever. May God 
bless every one of these dear brethren and sisters, 
who have helped to make the Messenger what it is." 

An unusual thing occurred in Rockford, 111., last 
week. The Trinity Lutheran church, with a member- 
ship of one thousand, voted its pastor an increase of 
$400 in his salary. The pastor said that was too much, 
and at his earnest suggestion the increase was cut down 
to $100. He does not propose to get rich preaching 
the Gospel. Still his salary, $2,400, is ample to meet 
all his expenses, and he will not need to suffer. But it 
is a rare thing, these days, for even a preacher to re- 
fuse money. 

We are in receipt of the minutes of the late district 
meeting of the First District of Arkansas. There 
seems to have been but little business before the meet- 
ing, aside from the missionary interest, hearing re- 
, ports and preparing for the work of another year. The 
treasurer reports a balance of $1,172.12 with which to 
begin the work. The district is composed of twelve 
congregations, has eight elders, twelve other ministers, 
and claims a membership of 360. The accessions by 
confession and baptism, for the year, number twelve. 

We find some interesting matter in the minutes of 
the district meeting of Southern Illinois. The meet- 
ing suggested that Sunday-school officers and teachers 
be regularly elected and then be installed at a service 
conducted by the elder, or some one selected by him. 
The committee on ministerial distribution is calling the 
attention of the elders to the importance of having 
more young brethren elected to the ministry. As 
stated in a former issue, Bro. J. W. Lear is to repre- 
sent the District on the Standing Committee. One 
query goes to the Annual Meeting. 

We sometimes wonder whether some people ever 
read any considerable part of the papers that come to 
their homes. To illustrate: Three weeks ago we told 
our readers not to stick one corner of an enclosed 
stamp fast to their letter, but to leave it loose, or wrap 
it in a small piece of print paper. Since then we have 
received a number of letters containing stamps for re- 
ply, and one corner of every stamp was made fast to 
the letter. It is often difficult to remove such stamps 
without mutilating them, and a late decision of the 
Postoffice Department makes it unlawful to use mu- 
tilated stamps. . 

From the reports coming to our desk we learn that 
a number of the congregations observed New Year's 
Day as a day. of prayer and fasting. Some made it a 
day of special prayer, while others made it a day of 
prayer and fasting. At any rate, enough churches 
complied with the recommendation of Conference to 
make it a matter of encouragement, and it is to be 
hoped that the day will be generally observed next 
yean, especially so since it falls on Sunday. It is none 
too soon for the churches to begin thinking about 
making the first day of 1911 a day of special prayer 
for the success of the church. 

Bro. Earl C. Neff, of Circleville, Ohio, makes a 
suggestion that he thinks deserves some consideration. 
Writing under date of Jan. 13 he says : " In the Mes- 
senger No 2, pages 28, 29 and 32, under, ' Notes from 
our Correspondents,' I notice that, in reporting re- 
vival meetings, twelve out of the twenty-seven notices 
imply that the success of the meetings was not what it 
should have been on account of the unfavorable weath- 
er. Now, realizing that ' Jehovah, he is God,' and 
' sendeth rain,' would it be unwise to call the atten- 
tion of the correspondents to this fact? Omitting all 
reference to the unfavorable condition of the weather 
would lend to the spiritual tone of the reports." 

Any minister desiring to locate where he would be 
needed, might do well to correspond with Bro. A. G. 
Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa. Bro. Messer informs 
us that the Grundy County church has but one min- 
ister, and he is too old for active work. Bro. C. M. 
Garner died about six weeks ago and Bro. Silas Gil- 
bert died less than two weeks since. Bro. J, H. Cake- 
rice has moved away on account of poor health. This 
church has two houses of worship, with exceptionally 
good interest in the services. The houses are located 
in one of the best farming sections of the State, and 
the right man here would not only be appreciated, but 
he ought to be able to do a splendid work. At present 
the membership is about 160. 

Last Sunday was a red letter day for the Elgin 
church. There were the usual services in the morning, 
attended by a number of visiting members. At 2:30 
P. M. there was a joint meeting of the Sunday-school 
workers of Chicago, Naperville, Batavia, and those of 
Elgin, with Bro. R. W. Miller, of Chicago, presiding. 
The leading feature of this meeting was an address by 
Mr. Hugh Cork, of Chicago, Assistant Secretary 
of the International Sunday-school Association. His ad- 
dress would make splendid reading in the Messenger. 
He emphasized the importance of beginning Sunday 
school promptly on time and then closing on time. He 
urged' reverence for the house of God, for the Bible 
and for parents, and dwelt upon the importance of 
having children commit scripture to memory. He 
would have children of Brethren families know more 
about what is being done here in the Publishing House, 
in our mission fields and in other fields. He would 
help boys and girls plan for some good times, but 
would have them taught that the theater is no place for 
Christian men and women. He would also have young 
people understand that dancing and card playing, 
though in the most refined homes, lead to the downfall 
of thousands of men and women. In the evening the 
Christian Workers of the four churches had an enjoy- 
able meeting, with Bro. L. A. Pollock, of Batavia, in the 
chair. There were some good talks, an interesting 
essay, and some very enjoyable music. Between the 
two sessions a lunch was served in the basement of 
the church. Everybody seemed to enjoy the exercises 
of both meetings immensely. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


The minutes of the late district meeting of South- 
western Kansas and Southern Colorado, of which we 
have a copy, fill twenty-four pages. This includes a 
condensed but an interesting report of what was said 
and done at the ministerial meeting. Hereafter the 
expense of the district meeting is to be met by char- 
ging 20 cents for each meal served. A committee, ap- 
pointed for the purpose, is to keep in touch with the 
conditions at Wichita, and if the outlook should prove 
favorable they are instructed to call for the Annual 
Meeting of 1911. This committee is composed of 
Brethren J. J. Yoder, J. R. Hendricks and J. Funk. 
Bro. J. J. Yoder is to represent the District on the 
Standing Committee next June. 

A short time ago it was stated in these columns 
that a number of our ministers do not take the Mes- 
senger. One of our correspondents says that some 
ministers, to his personal knowledge, have the paper 
come to their homes in the names of their wives, and 
that we may be mistaken about the number who fail 
to receive the paper. ,We hope we are mistaken, but 
it is not likely that all who do not have their names on 
our list are receiving the paper in the manner stated. 
However, we suggest that our patrons look around a 
little, and if they find a Brethren preacher who does 
not take the Gospel Messenger, we further suggest 
that a few of 'them get their heads together and raise 
enough mcmey to have the paper sent him as a dona- 
tion. Our church literature ought to make a minister 
a better preacher. Try the experiment. 

An evangelist went to one of our congregations to 
conduct revival services, and, after working hard for 
over a week, gave up the task and returned home. 
The members showed no interest whatever in the 
meetings, many of them not attending the services 
and, of course, under such circumstances, nothing 
could be done for the unconverted. Just what should 
be done with a church of this kind is a problem. It 
ought not to be permitted to die without an oppor- 
tunity to repent. The trouble is lukewarmness, a dis- 
ease that yields only to the most vigorous treatment. 
In a sense a minister is a physician, but not all min- 
isters are able successfully to treat a disease like this. 
When members become lukewarm they grow weak 
and sickly, with spiritual death staring them in the 
face. Repentance and a return to their first love is 
the -emedy, but who can tell our readers how to 
arouse such congregations and put life enough in them 
to lead them to repentance? 

Among the Churches Northwest of the 
Rocky Mountains. 

Draw a line on a map from Granger, Wyoming, 
northwest to Portland, Oregon, representing a thou- 
sand miles in length, thence south to San Francisco, 
about eight hundred miles away, thence eastward to 
the place of beginning, another thousand miles, and 
you will have a great triangle, embracing an empire, 
taking in the States of Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Ne- 
vada, Oregon and California. This territory is cir- 
cumscribed by the Oregon Short line, the Union and 
Southern Pacific railways. A net work of short lines, 
north and south, open up the vast territory to settle- 
ment. Here is found some of the finest fruit-growing 
land in the country. The Hood and Rogue River Val- 
leys vie with Wenatchee and Yakima for supremacy 
in raising the finest apples and pears in the world. 
Along the lines of these roads, and the other great 
northwestern lines, our Brethren are locating and or- 
ganizing churches. In many places they are prosper- 
ing and doing well, both financially and spiritually. 

A night's run from Payette brought us to Portland, 
Oregon, the Metropolis of the Northwest. Here Bro. 
George C. Carl, one of our active missionaries, is lo- 
cated. Several years ago arrangements were made 
with the General Mission Board, by which three 
churches were built in the Northwest. Portland, New- 
berg and Twin Falls were the places selected for the 
houses. It is a great satisfaction to visit these places 
now and see how well and wisely the District Mission 
Board of Oregon, Washington and Idaho has used the 
money, thus provided in the way of a loan. Bro. Carl 
is bishop in charge of the churches at Portland and 

Newberg, and at both places good work is being done 
and the churches are prospering. He is assisted in the 
ministry at Portland by Bro. Josiah Royer. The mem- 
bership numbers forty, — an earnest and active band 
of workers. The churchhouse is well arranged with 
Sunday-school rooms, and the basement is fitted up 
for special meetings and for love feasts. It occurs to 
us that the latter is a very practical idea. The tables 
for the feast can be fitted up without disarranging the 
seats in the main audience room. This plan of build- 
ing has been adopted in a few of our churches and it 
appears to work well. 

Twenty-five miles from Portland is the flourishing 
little city of Newberg, and here we have an organized 
church with a membership of sixty-three. Brethren 
S. P. Van Dyke and Lee Dadisman are the resident 
ministers and they are doing good work. The church 
is prospering and the members are encouraged to go 
on in the good work of faithful service. Sister Van 
Dyke, nee Cullen, was with us at Mount Morris, in the 
early and trying days of starting the school at that 
place. The very warm attachment, then formed, has 
been kept up all these passing years, and it seemed like 
meeting old and very dear friends in Brother and 
Sister Van Dyke. We are told that there is a splen- 
did country around and about Newberg, and the 
Brethren here seem well pleased with their homes. We 
only had a few days' stay at Newberg and we found 
ourselves wishing that the stay might have been 

Portland was the northern limit of our journey, 
and southward to Ashland, Oregon, on the border line 
of California, was the next stage of our journey. This 
was the home of Elder Peter Brower, one of our pio- 
neer preachers in Oregon. Here he finished his pil- 
grimage and was laid away to rest. Eld. S. E. Decker 
has charge of the Ashland church, assisted by Bro. M. 
C. Lininger, Six miles from Ashland is the Rogue 
River Valley church, in charge of Eld. G. W. Hoxie, 
with Bro. Lewis Overholser as his assistant in the 
work of the ministry. There is also a mission at Med- 
ford City, some twelve miles from Ashland, with Bro. 
Decker in charge. He is very anxious to have more 
help in the ministry and makes a special plea for 
brethren, passing through Ashland, to stop and visit 
the churches and assist him in the ministry. Where 
churches are overstocked with ministers, some of them 
would do well to consider the opportunities offered 
for work in the Rogue River Valley. As already 
noted, the valley is famous for its fine orchards and 
excellent fruit. The productiveness of apple and pear 
orchards in this locality is so great as to make one 
doubt some of the stories told about it. For Cornice 
pears and Newtown Pippins the Rogue River Valley 
holds first place, it is said. When we left Ashland, 
Sister Lininger kindly gave us a basket of- apples, and 
after eating some of them we no longer wondered 
at the unsupplied demand for the fruit of this favored 

Our next stopping place was with the Brethren in 
Butte Valley. Two years ago the church was organ- 
ized and is called the Macdoel church. It had, at last 
district meeting census, one hundred and twenty-one 
members. Since its organization forty have been bap- 
tized and four reclaimed. Bro. H. F. Maust is bishop 
in charge and he has for his helpers, in the eldership 
and ministry, Brethren J. K. Shively, W. F. Nine, 
Mark D. Early, J. D. Miller, and Garfield Nine. 
They have a large Sunday school and one of the most 
interesting Christian Workers' meetings I have ever 
attended. The churchhouse is large and well arranged 
for Sunday school and Christian Workers' meetings, 
The latter is divided into three sections, and each 
section has its room. In one are found the children 
from five to ten years old, another takes in those from 
eleven to sixteen, and the more elderly occupy the 
main audience room. It was a surprise to know how 
the little ones, from five to ten, had been taught to 
pray. It would put to shame many older ones to hear 
the children pour out their little hearts in earnest, 
simple prayer. The meetings of the little ones are in 
the hands of a good sister who loves children. The 
older ones were studying the life of Christ under a 
competent teacher and were doing good work. Where 
it can be done, the plan of work adopted in this 

church for its Christian Workers' meetings will be 
found to be helpful. 

The newly-organized churches in the country, 
passed through on this journey, have their problems 
to solve. Coming together from many parts of the 
Brotherhood, as they do, they have different methods 
as to local church work. Each has his opinion, as to 
what ought to be done locally. These various notions 
must be assimilated and the members brought closer 
together. This takes tact and careful work on the 
part of the leaders. For example, in some churches 
official councils are the rule, while in others such coun- 
cils to arrange business for the church meetings, are 
unknown. Those having had such councils at home 
will want them; those who did not have them, will 
not want them. And so with other matters, pertain- 
ing to local church work. Here is an offered oppor- 
tunity for unselfish forbearance, and for each one to 
esteem others better than himself. We have one ear- 
nest desire and prayer that our Brethren, in their 
efforts to build up new churches, may succeed both 
temporally and spiritually, and that their highest ex- 
pectations may be realized. We rejoice when our 
Brethren succeed, and sorrow with them when failure 
comes. May the Lord richly bless every lawful effort 
made to enlarge the borders of Zion ! d. l. m. 

The Christian's Badge. 

All societies, organizations and associations that 
make any claims to goodness and usefulness in the 
world, have some sign, pledge or badge by which they 
may be known by their fellows. This desire or pur- 
pose is based on the principle that whatever is useful 
and for the good of our fellow-men should be known, 
that others should see it, learn to love it and accept and 
enjoy the advantages that may be thus afforded. 

Good acts and good deeds of all kinds are represent- 
ed as a light which is not to be placed under a bed, 
but on a bushel, or stand, where it can be seen. Let 
your light so shine that others may see your good 
works and thus glorify your Father which is in 
heaven. This is a time of badges. Many men and 
women are seen wearing their buttons and ribbons, 
representing the different societies and orders to 
which they belong, — some good, some indifferent. 
These different badges show to what the wearers be- 
long, but are no guarantee as to their real goodness 
or merit. The sign, in itself, has no virtue. It is not 
active; it is not a living guarantee. The badge may 
symbolize the intention and purpose but it does not, 
necessarily, reveal the character of its members. They 
may be all that the society intends they shall be, or 
they may be, in life and practice, the very opposite, 
and in this way be not only a disgrace to the society to 
which they belong, but also grossly misrepresent its 
professed design and purpose, and thus rob it of its 
possibilities of doing good. The light that is to be 
represented by the badge is made darkness, and, if so, 
how great is that darkness? It would be much better 
not to wear the badge than to dishonor the cause it 
stands for, by misrepresenting it. It is not the badge 
that puts the light into the wearer, but the wearer 
must put the light and blessing into the badge. A 
badge may have inscribed on it justice, mercy and 
charity, while the wearer may be the personification 
of hypocrisy, and as repulsive and cold as an iceberg. 
So all material badges may be misrepresentative and 
disappointing and, therefore, could not be appropriate 
for the Christian to wear as a badge of his member- 
ship of the church of Christ. But we are glad that, to 
the church of Jesus Christ, there has been given one 
in which there can be no misrepresenting, no mistak- 
ing, no disgracing the blessed cause which it repre- 
sents. It is pure gold and cannot be adulterated by 
deceiving men and women. There may be many good 
things in this world, but the greatest of them is love. 
" By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, 
if ye have love one to another." This is a badge in 
which its elements are found,— not in its outward ap- 
pearance, but in its expression, in its action and re- 
sults. Therefore in it there can be no deception as 
there may be in material badges. 
True Christian love is so active that it cannot be 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 

hidden. It shines, it cheers, it warms and it attracts. 
Where these elements are lacking, there is no badge 
and there is no other possible badge by which true 
membership in the body, or church of Christ, can be 
designated. Only when the lives of men and women 
are permeated with the love of God, are they really 
members of the body or the church of Jesus Christ- 
no matter what kind of a badge they may wear. 
Names of denominations, orders, coats and gowns will 
not, and cannot, make Christians. They are not made 
of this kind of stuff, or in this way. They are born of 
God. Every child born in this way, by virtue of its 
birth, receives this badge of love, and in this w.ay may 
become a living epistle of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

Such children, such members, are always loyal to 
the church, and they show it by working in it and for 
it. They are found in the activities of the church, in 
the Sunday school, in the prayer meeting, in the 
preaching services, and wherever, work for the Mas- 
ter's kingdom is needed and can be done. The mere 
hanging out of a lifeless badge does not amount to 
much in building up the church of Jesus Christ. The 
Samaritan woman attracted her people to the Christ 
by inviting them to come and " see " the man that 
touched her heart by an outward expression of the 
love that filled his soul for the world. Is not this the 
Christ? Every soul- that has the love of God in the 
heart, exhibits to the world the badge of discipleship. 
In such souls alone is the magnetism that draws, that 
attracts. No wonder that the living Savior emphasizes 
the importance of this badge in telling his disciples : 
" By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, 
if ye have love one to another." It is the universal 
badge that is read and known of all men. It is the 
drawing card of the world. 

All other signs and badges may be misleading, but 
this one never does. In the home, in the community, 
on the streets, in travel, — anywhere, everywhere — 
wherever this badge is implanted in the hearts and 
lives of men and women, it is manifest. It lights, 
cheers and warms those that come within its magical 

How different are our feelings and experiences as 
we enter the different churches and desire to mingle 
with their members. In some the Christian atmos- 
phere is so warm, so loving and spiritual, that you are 
at once made to feel at home and in a worshipful 
spirit. Others are so cold and chilly that you feel as 
if you were " icc-olated," — not welcome, not needed. 
— and, of course, not attracted or edified. If the Christ 
is present, he is hidden away under the bushel of self- 
ishness so thoroughly that his presence is not seen, 
and the power of his love not felt. 

Then, too, we have, what may be called, mixed con- 
gregations. They may be made up largely of profess- 
ing Christians and may wear the same material badge. 
But as you meet them you are made to feel that they do 
not all belong to the same family, — some are lovingly 
lovely, warm and religiously attractive, while others 
repress themselves and are as cold as icebergs. Their 
badges are deceptive and you are disappointed. It is 
not the material badge, but it is the badge of love, after 
all, that determines who are the children of God and 
who are not. It is the badge that can be worn only 
"by those who have the loving spirit of Jesus in their 
hearts. This badge grows from within outward. If 
it does not grow enough to get on the outside, it has 
been dwarfed and needs spiritualizing culture. 

There is much being said about the needs of the 
church, and she has needs. But the church has no 
greater need than that of seeing that her members are 
born again; that they have taken on the life of Jesus 
Christ and that their hearts are filled with his love. 
Having this in its fullness, all other needs will dis- 
appear, because, when the soul is flooded with the love 
of God, there is no room for the works of darkness. 
Light and darkness cannot fill the same space at the 
same time. " By this shall all men know that ye are 
my disciples, if ye have love one to another." 

_^___^___ H. B. B. 

Some Dangerous Teaching. 

The Messenger frequently refers to irregularities, 
not with a view of reporting unfavorable news, but 
for the purpose of impressing necessary lessons on the 

minds of our readers. Our attention has been called 
to a circumstance that is not only making trouble, but 
it shows a grave piece of inconsistency. A few men, 
belonging to the Freemasons, desired to enter the 
church, but would not consent to give up the lodge. 
In a quiet, confidential way they were told that they 
could continue their connection with the lodge, and at 
the same time enter the church. They applied for 
membership, were baptized, and are now not only 
members of the church, but members of the lodge as 
well. Of course, according to the Gospel, they cannot 
be unequally yoked together in the lodge with unbe- 
lievers, and at the same time continue their member- 
ship in the Brethren church. 

The preacher who received them into the church is 
to blame for the unpleasant situation and should be 
called to account for receiving members into the 
church contrary to the Gospel. Paul told Timothy to 
commit the Word to faithful men, who are able to 
teach others also. 2 Tim. 2 : 2. The man who thus 
violates the Gospel is not faithful to the Word, and 
ought not to be endorsed as a preacher. 

We all know that Masonry, as an institution, is 
Christless, and that there are thousands belonging to 
the lodge who do not believe that Jesus is the Christ. 
Can one who says at his baptism that he believes that 
Jesus is the Christ, consistently belong to a body 
where many of the members are known to believe to 
the contrary? Most assuredly not. Then, how about 
the preacher who will encourage that kind of busi- 
ness? He ought not to be entrusted with the Word. 
If we propose to maintain the gospel principles that 
we have accepted and pledged ourselves to uphold, we 
must see to it that all of our ministers give no uncer- 
tain sound in their teaching. 

If, in a quiet way, we receive into the church men 
who belong to secret orders, it will not be long until 
efforts will be made to repeal all of our decisions 
against secrecy, and thus throw the door of the church 
wide open to lodgemen. A few preachers of the kind 
referred to can soon pave the way for setting aside 
our doctrine regarding secret societies. The remedy 
is faithful preachers, who will rightly divide the word 
of truth, preach the whole Gospel and give no uncer- 
tain sound in their teaching. 

manly with people, then they will be manly with the 
church. But, above all things, desist from this method 
of hiring men and women to give. And, in fact, it is 
not giving. It is simply buying and selling, and those 
who do such things, though it be in the name of relig- 
ion, get their reward in the transaction, and need not 
look for the reward of the generous giver in the world 
to come. It is the person who gives outright, not ask- 
ing anything in return, that is to be rewarded for his 
liberal or cheerful giving. 

Raising Church Money. 

Some of the churches are becoming aroused over 
the bazar business for the purpose of raising money 
to defray church expenses. They are not only seeing 
the undesirable results, but earnest men and women 
question the propriety of that way of raising money. 
It is said that bazars under the auspices of the Cath- 
olics in Aurora, 111., have been peremptorily tabooed. 
One priest s,aid his church was opposed to this form 
of gathering money for church expenses, while an- 
other has announced that he will never sanction a 
bazar for a church of which he is pastor. This is 
sensible, only there are not enough pastors and priests 
teaching that way. The churches should know that 
church bazars, festivals, suppers, and even dinners, 
for the purpose of raising money for church expenses, 
are no credit to the Christian religion. 

The way to give money for religious or charitable 
purposes is to give it., There is no blessing attending 
a gift even for the missionary cause, when the money 
has to be coaxed out of the donor by a supper, dinner 
or some article of merchandise. Under the Mosaic 
law the people were required to pay tithes, but there 
was no such a thing as giving a man a supper or a 
dinner to induce him to pay what was due the Lord. 
Such a polity would have practically destroyed the 
spirit of giving. And that is just the trouble with the 
people of today. Men and women must be hired to 
give, and, of course, are expected to pay more than 
the article purchased is worth, so that a good profit 
will remain for the Lord's work. 

The whole thing is wrong, unreasonable and, in 
the end, unsatisfactory. If one is to give forty cents 
to the church, teach him to give it without expecting 
a dish of cheap oysters, a supper or a dinner in return. 
If he needs a meal, sell it to him for what it is worth. 
then teach him to give liberally for the support of the 
Lord's cause, as the J^prd, has prospered him. Be 

Mission Boards and Missions. 

Some of the district mission boards are coming in 
closer touch with the city missions that have sprung 
up here and there over the Brotherhood. This is 
proper, as it enables the board to render the assistance 
that is so often needed, and to give the advice that is 
of the utmost importance. We should think that any 
city mission, depending on the public for support, 
should be under the direct charge of the district mis- 
sion board having charge of that territory, and that all 
missionaries employed should at least have the en- 
dorsement of the board. Furthermore, all money re- 
ceived should be accounted for, and the books ex- 
amined by the auditing committee of the District, or a 
committee appointed by the board. It would also be 
well for the board to have published in the Messen- 
ger a brief yearly statement of what is being done. 
If a certain mission is collecting $1,500 a year from 
the Brotherhood, or from its own State District, let 
the Brotherhood know it. Then, in a brief way, we 
might be told how this money is used. Not only so, 
but we should know the number of accessions to the 
church each year, and should, in a general way, know 
how the work is prospering. We believe that if each 
of the city missions, depending on the public for sup- 
port, would make an annual report as here suggested, 
the policy would create an improved sentiment in 
favor of city mission work. As it is, those who give 
must act without any knowledge of the situation, or of 
what is being accomplished. We suggest that the dis- 
trict boards take immediate steps to bring about this 
change of policy. —_^__«_^_ 

Reports from Churches. 

It is encouraging to receive reports from so many 
churches. It shows that our correspondents are inter- 
ested, and that they have something to say that is 
worth reporting. It would afford us pleasure if we 
could spare space for all the reports in full, or nearly 
so, but this we cannot do, and for that reason we must 
do a good deal of condensing. Some of our corres- 
pondents make their reports very brief, and this saves 
us the trouble of boiling their matter down. This we, 
of course, appreciate. But it is our policy to make 
room for these short reports first, and hold the longer 
ones back until room can be found for them. By this 
our correspondents who write at length, will under- 
stand why their communications do not appear as 
soon as they would like. The rule is to give the short 
reports the right of way. This explanation does not, 
of course, refer to the essay department, nor does it 
apply to the Round Table and Home and Family de- 
partments, but to the correspondents and church news. 

Living Up to Promises. 

One of our readers says that in a business trans- 
action he promised to pay a man a certain sum of 
money, but having since learned that the law does not 
require him to do as he promised, he has decided not 
to do it. He wishes to know whether he is doing 
right. We should suppose that if a Christian lives 
above the law, he would not need any law to tell him 
that it is his duty to do what he promises to do. The ^ 
law is intended for the transgressor and not for the 
righteous man. The man who lives up to his prom- 
ises does not need any law to make him do right. 
The law is important, but a man's promise ought to 
be worth something. But there may be some compli- 
cations about this or similar cases, that need to be 
considered in the light of fairness. Why not refer 
such matters to a few devout church members, who 
know how to judge, rightly between neighbors or be- 
tween brethren? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 




D. Ii. MUler, Chairman Mt. Morris. 111. 

H. C. Early, Vice-Chairman Perm Laird, Va. 

I.. W. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind. 

Chas. D. Bonsack, Washington, D. C. 

J. J. Toder, McPheraon. Kanaaa. 

General Mlngion Board, Elgin, 111. 


It is of peculiar importance to missionary endeavor 
that Prof. Schilling, of Germany, has presented to the 
Berlin Missionary Society the manuscript of a treatise 
concerning the fatal sleeping-sickness, — its origin, preven- 
tion and cure. This treatise, acknowledged to be an 
achievement of the highest value, coming, as it does, 
from a great medical authority, will doubtless prove of 
great benefit to 

lissionary workers of the Dark Con- 
tinent in their attempts at helping the unfortunate na- 
tives. The work is to be printed-in the missionary print- 
ing establishment, and copies are to be sent to every 
missionary in the African field. Such a wealth of re- 
search cannot help but mitigate the ravages of the ter- 
rible disease, and may eventually lead to a cure of the 
scourge that is so severely afflicting a great part of Af- 
rica. ■ 

Sometimes we are told of those whose generous im- 
pulse prompts them to go to far countries, carrying a 
message of spiritual enlightenment, that they would have 
done better to stay at home and minister to the need of 
the next-door neighbor. From a worldly-wise standpoint 
this is, perhaps, the correct view, but not so from the 
broad and comprehensive viewpoint of the Great Com- 
mission. The real missionary is an ambassador from the 
court of the Great King to a sin-cursed world. He is 
alive to the work, no matter whether in the jungles of 
India or in the tropical forests of Africa. He seeks only 
the opportunity to serve, and he is not at all concerned 
when or what the reward shall be. He does not look 
for immediate results, preferring to leave that matter 
with him who is always ready to bestow needed bless- 
ings. The greatest missionaries have been the most pa- 
tient men, in their willingness to wait, with no expecta- 
tion of spectacular, immediate results. 


Native leaders have strenuously attempted to deny 
the efficacy of Christian missions in India, but facts, 
nevertheless, speak for themselves. A short time ago 
a social conference was held in Madras. It was well 
attended by Indian women of the higher classes, and the 
subjects discussed were of a wide range. The nature of 
the gathering clearly brought out the fact that India today 
is wide-awake, and doing some serious thinking. There 
was, at the meeting, a clamor for abolition of caste, and 
the higher education of women. Remarrying of widows 
and reform of the system of marriage, now in vogue, 
were strongly agitated. When the people, and especially 
the women, rise up in their might, and in a .gathering 
like the one referred to plead for the highest and best 
interests of the nation, as supported by the claims of 
Christianity, there is hope for better days. India's out- 
look for the future,— as that of every nation,— depends up- 
on the most perfect assimilation of Christian principles, 
permitting them to become essential factors of true na- 
tional greatness. , 

When poor, old, worn-out David Livingstone died upon 
his knees in a lonely hut in Central Africa, praying, " Oh, 
let thy kingdom come!" we thought he had opened the 
great Dark Continent to the onward march of Christian 
civilization and the light of God's truth. Missionary so- 
cieties and conventions caught the inspiration, large con- 
tributions began to flow in, and scores of devoted mis- 
sionaries volunteered, and the procession began to move. 
Watch it; one missionary and 70,000 gallons of rum! 
Rum and missionaries! And thus we enter the Dark 
Continent. Watch again! One convert to Christ, a hun- 
dred drunkards. The missionary's heart grows sick and 
cries out, "For the love of Christ, stop the rum!" The 
climate does its exhaustive work, and one by one the 
brave workers sink beneath the burning sun or return 
home, broken down in health; hearts at home are dis- 
couraged, and the next ship goes only with rum, — with- 
out missionaries. Some years ago 200 Africans, mad- 
dened and crazed by liquor, sent from Boston, slaughtered 
one another in a single day. At another time fifty were 
killed in a fight caused by a single gallon of rum. Judas 
sold his Lord for $17.00, but Christian America sends 
fifty heathen souls to* perdition for 90 cents. 

love feast, which was on the evening of Dec. 3. A good 
feast it was, in that so many participated and entered 
so fully into the spirit of the meeting. Preparation had 
been made for two hundred and fifty, and about that num- 
ber were present. 

The busy days of the closing of the old school year 
and the beginning of the new extended into the prepara- 
tion days for Christmas and New Year's Day. Christ- 
mas is the one great holiday of the year for the Chris- 
tians. The Hindus, Mohammedans and Parsis have many, 
many holidays. In fact, we sometimes think they are 
always in holiday dress, — some class or other (at least 
those who dress at all). The Christian has Christmas, — 
the day set apart for the birthday of our dear Lord. We 
try to make it a glad, happy day, — not a day of feasting 
and revelry, not a day of vain display, but a day bring- 
ing as of old, " Peace on earth and good-will toward men." 
To this end are we in anticipation of the day now, and 
we trust it will be to us, and to those round and about us, 
just such a day as it ought to be. When these notes 
reach the Messenger readers, the Christmas Day of 1909 
will have gone, and we will be well along in the days of 

The result of the examinations in both the boys' and 
girls' schools, here at Bulsar, was good. Most of the 
children passed in their examination and have passed to 
the next grade. Nine out of the sixteen, in the senior 
class, in the boys' school, passed on to the seventh stand- 
ard Gujerati school. The two boys in the municipal 
school passed on to the Anglo-Vernacular school where 
they prepare for the high school. The three third-year 
high school boys failed, while the one in the second year 
passed. Five out of seven boys who took the examin- 
ation at the District headquarters passed. The two boys 
and three girls in the training colleges at Ahmedabad 
passed the first year's work, and have been admitted to 
the classes of the second year. This is a victory for these 
two boys worth mentioning because of the opposition 
with which they are beset in the boys' department of the 
College. In the girls' school five passed the senior class, 
four of whom prepare for college work the coming year. 
During vacation, following the examination, many of 
the boys and a few of the girls went visiting. Some went 
to their brothers, some to their sisters, some to their un- 
cles and some to their aunts. A few went back to the 
old village from which they were driven by the ravages 
of famine. A few went for the first time, never having 
been back since they came away, driven by want. What 
a change it was for them to go back after the years of 
absence! The old village, perhaps, had not changed 
much. The people, too, perhaps, had not changed much, 
but the boy or girl, as the case might be, was changed, 
—a change produced by the Gospel which is the power of 
God unto salvation to every one that believeth. Truly, they 
had come away "empty" and went back "full." They car- 
ried with them the message of the Lord Jesus to many 
of the villagers who had never heard it before. " God 
works in a mysterious way his wonders to perform," and 
who knows but that through the famine he has so ar- 
ranged that these children should know the Lord, so that 
they might go back to their fellow-countrymen to tell 
them what great things the Lord has done. The children 
are all back now again. It is a joy to have them content- 
ed and happy, and feeling that this, rather than the old 
heathen village, is their home. There was a time when 
the boys ran away, and the girls, too, sometimes longed 
for " Egypt," but we feel that such days are past. " I 
do not like it there, anymore," was heard from one after 
the other, upon their return. 

At the beginning of every school-year there is no lit- 
tle stir until every one gets his place for the year. Some 

of the young men, who are in active service, go 


u shed 

Beginning with the evening of Nov. 29 and continuing 
until Dec. 3, meetings were held daily in the Bulsar 
church. Bro. Blough conducted the services for a few 
evenings, when Brethren Long and Stover came to his 
assistance. Bro. Long being on his way to Vyara, stopped 
only a day, while Bro. Stover remained until after the 

they are sent, and do what they are told to do, and in 
going and in doing there is cheerfulness. Others there 
are who do not want to go. They want to stay right 
here in Bulsar. Here is the big church, and here is the 
big Sunday school, and the young people's meeting, and 
the regular preaching,— in other words, they do not want 
to fly away from the nest without a good deal of pushui; 
It so happens, too, that sometimes, after being 
out, instead of getting up and using their wings, they sit 
and sit, like the young bird, and never learn to fly, thus 
being at the mercy of the enemy. It goes without say- 
ing that they are not the ideal workers. 

Our hearts are often pained because of these who do 
not care to be doing more; but then we remember, too, 
that in our large churches in America there are those who 
want to stay where the good workers arc, and where the 
big congregation is, and where things keep agoing with- 
out helping much. The needy fields have no attraction 
for them, and they die, not because of overwork, but be- 
cause of rust. To the aggressive, earnest, spirit-filled sou 
there is no greater blessing than to go into that part of 
the Lord's vineyard where the harvest is plenteous, and 
the laborers few, there to spend time and strength and 
all for those who are being lost. That there might be a 
greater willingness on the part of every Christian, both 
here and there, to spend and be spent for the Masters 
service, is our prayer. 

Some weeks ago Bro. Pittenger, sick with violent fever, 
was carried from Ahwa to Vyara.-a distance of sixty 
miles.-where he could get the train to be taken to the 

Bombay Hospital. Two days were spent off the long, 
tiresome road, along with Sister Pittenger and Baby An- 
geline, making the trip as best they could. Brethren 
Stover and Blough went to Vyara, and Bro. Pittenger was 
anointed before going to the hospital. Sister Pittenger 
then came to Bulsar, and Bro. Blough went with Bro. 
Pittenger to the hospital. After a few weeks Bro. Pitten- 
ger was well enough to come to Bulsar. Here he re- 
mained until Monday of this week, when, leaving Sister 
Pittenger and baby here, he again started for his far-away 
jungle station, with his horse and boy. For two or three 
days they will go over hill and valley, over stones and 
ridges, finally to reach Ahwa. There he will remain in 
his work alone, — sixty miles from any of the other mis- 
sionaries, until Christmas, when he will again repeat his 
journey to this place, to take back with him the other 
members of his family. 

Few of the Messenger family can realize the really try- 
ing times these good, faithful servants of the Lord must 
undergo, as they travel in and out to the railway, and 
as they live and labor among the people in their jungle 
home. We do not write concerning these things to em- 
phasize the hardships of the missionary, but to show 
what love for the Lord and his cause will prompt people 
to do. Sister Pittenger, with her baby, often stays alone 
for weeks, when Bro. Pittenger is gone. She is a real 
heroine, in braving jungle life, where dangers are real, 
and where help, in times of peril, is far away. Their 
life of love and service is gladly given to the people of 
the Dang Forest, and already fruit of their labor is be- 
ginning to appear. That the people of that land may be 
freed from ignorance and superstition and sin, is the 
worthy cause prompting our brother and sister to give 
their lives there. The Lord bless them, and, brethren, 
will you not remember them and their work especially? 
This week Bro. Btotigh, with two of the young teachers, 
visited four of the fishermen villages along the coast, 
where the mission has schools. The Government Inspect- 
or had also come to sec the schools and give a report of 
them to the Government. These visits to the villages 
are always a joy and inspiration to the missionary who 
is tied up in institutional work and seldom gets out. More 
often would these visits be made, were it not for the many 
other pressing duties, right here at Bulsar. With Bro. 
Long gone to another station, and Bro, Emmert gone on 
furlough, Bro. Blough lias the work of three men. Does 
it not look, brethren, as though we need more help right 
here, to say nothing of other portions of our field, as 
much in need of more workers as this? We need con- 
secrated men of power, who are willing to give up po- 
sition or whatever else is dear, to come over and help 
us, so that the lives of those already on the field may not 
need to wear out before their allotted time. 

Who is ready to come over and help us? Reader,, 
what hinders your coming to help us? There is coun- 
try, and home, and friends, and position, to give up, but 
we assure you the recompense fully pays the outlay. 
While on furlough, last year, we tried to emphasize the 
joy of service here, — how we would rather be here than 
in America, People could not understand it, and you 
will not understand it until you "come and see." This 
fact others, who are this year on furlough, will be bring- 
ing to your minds, for they write us, "We would rather 
be in India than in America." Yes, brethren, after these 
nine years of service here, we can assuredly say, It 
is a joyful service, and we invite you to come and help 
us. Sickness and loneliness and isolation and disappoint- 
ment and discouragement, even though they come, do 
not destroy the deep heart joy, coming to him who knows 
the will of his Lord and docs it. If, perchance, some 
reader of these lines is considering this question, let him 
make haste in his decision and come over and help us. 
If preparation is needed, prepare— one year, two years, 
three years,— no matter. Keep in view the purpose and 
know you are preparing for warfare, and that added prep- 
aration will be required on this side. What should we 
consider five or six or seven or even ten years of prepa- 
ration to forty years of active service for our Lord? 
" Pray ye the Lord of the harvest that he may thrust 
laborers into his harvest field." 

On Sunday, Dec. 5, to Brother and Sister Stover was 
born a daughter. Now two boys and two girls, with fa- 
ther and mother, make up the Stover household. While 
Sister Stover is caring for the little one at Igatpuri and 
Bro. Stover is alone at Anklesvar, we have- Emmert, 
Miriam and James in our family, here at Bulsar. They, 
with Angeline Pittenger, make our house a merry place. 
We are glad for the boys and girls of the missionaries. 
The Lord bless them and raise them up to take the place 
of those who shall be falling from the ranks as the years 
shall go. , 

At Bulsar, Dec. 28, the Field Committee will hold its 
last session for this year. Bro. Berkebile and family, 
absent from us in far North India, for several months, 
expect to be with us. The Committee feel the absence 
of the members on furlough. Much important business 
awaits the meeting. The year's accounts will be audited 
by the Committee. Every department of work will 
be receiving due attention, and the plans for the new 
will be laid. In all this work we de- 
Eliza B. Miller. 

year's campaign 
sire your prayers. 

Bulsar, India, Dec. 10. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

» cold water to fl thirsty soul, so Is pood news from a far country." 


Fruitaale.— Wednesday. Dec S, Bro. D. F. Bowman, of East 
Tennessee, came to us, followed by Bro. P. M. Correll Dec. 10. 
The brethren labored with us about one week, closing the 
meetings Dec. 14. While their stay with us was short, much 
good work for the Lord's cause was done. Three came out on 
the Lord's side, two of whom were baptized on Christmas 
Day the other, living at a distance, was not baptized, not 
being able to get here on account of the inclemency of the 
weather but will receive the rite in the near future. Our 
church has been built up numerically. Nine members have 
made their home with us since Sept. 6, and three others are 
here to spend the winter. Our council, Saturday, Jan. 8. 
was a pleasant meeting. One tetter was granted. Bro. S. 
G Nickey of Cerro Gordo, 111., came to us Jan. S and began 
a series of meetings next day. Everything Is favorable for 
a good meeting and our prayers are for an ingathering of 
souls We ask for the prayers of the Brotherhood at large, 
in behalf of the work being done here by Bro. Nickey and the 
church, and that many souls may be won for Christ. Our 
meeting will continue indefinitely. From here Bro. Nickey 
expects to go to the Wayne Mission.— F. M. White, Fruit- 
dale, Ala.. Jan. 10. 


Glendole church met In council Dec. 31. Officers for the Sun- 
dav school and Christian Workers' meeting were elected, with 
Bro F. H. Sine, superintendent of the Sunday school, and 
Sister Eva Brallier, president of Christian Workers' meeting. 
The monthlv missionary collections of the Christian Workers' 
meeting, which amounted to $12.95, were set aside for our 
Phcenix Mission Fund, and 55.0,6, above the year's expenses, 
was given to a needy neighbor. Also $55, in the Sunday- 
school treasury, subject to disposal of the school, was given 
to the Phtenix Mission Fund. Bro. O. J- Beaver will repre- 
sent us at the district meeting. Bro. Andrew Hutchison held 
a three weeks' series of meetings for us, and closed on 
Christmas night with a communion, and a children's meeting 
on Sunday morning.— Nellie G. Beaver, Glendale, Ariz.. Jan. 1. 

Austin church met in council Dec. 21. with Bro. W. L. 
Woodlel presiding, in the absence of our elder, Bro, H. J. 
Lily, who could not be with us. Church officers were elected 
for the coming year as follows: Bro. C. H. Steerman, elder; 
Sister Alice Woodlel, clerk and treasurer; Brethren W. L. 
Woodiel, J. H. Whitcher and T. Valentine, church trustees: 
Sunday-school officers are as follows: J. H. Whitcher, super- 
intendent; Sister Emma Moss, secretary and treasurer. Our 
Thanksgiving collection of S4 was given for World-wide Mis- 
sions. — Alice Woodlel, Austin, Ark., Jan. 10. 


Batte Valley. — Eld. J. Harman Stover, of Chlco, Cal.. was 
with us a few days and gave us some good spiritual food. 
He also officiated at our love feast, Jan. 1. About ninety 
members communed. — Mrs. E. M. Wolfe, Macdoet, Cal., Jan. 3. 

Chlco church met in council Jan. G, at 7 P. M. This meet- 
ing should have been held Dec. 24, but our minister, Bro. 
J. Harman Stover, was called to Butte Valley, and thus the 
council was postponed. Five certificates of membership were 
received and one granted. Church, Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' officers were elected for the coming year. Bro, 
J. Harman Stover was elected as our elder for the coming 
year. Our Sunday school has Increased since the last council. 
Our Christian Workers' meeting is doing good work. We ex- 
pect to finish our churchhouse as soon as possible.— Marion 
Nine, Chico, Cal., Jan. 9. 

Empire church met in council Jan. 1. with Eld. J. W. Dear- 
dorff presiding. Much business was attended to. Nineteen 
letters of membership were read. One member was re- 
claimed and one baptized. A committee was appointed to 
draw up a plan for a churchhouse. We also organized Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting, with Sister Sarah Colyer, president. 
Bro, D. L. Miller was with us a week, from Dec. 19 to 27, 
preaching seven sermons. — Phil Detrick, R. D. 3, Box 161, 
Modesto. Cal., Jan. 3. 

Lordsburg church met in council Monday evening, Jan. 3, 
our elder, Bro. E. Forney, presiding. A number of letters 
were read and several granted. The following Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the Lordsburg school : Bro. J. M. 
Cox, superintendent; Sister Alberta Neher, secretary. For 
the San DImas Mission school the following: Bro. Ross 
Hanawalt, superintendent; Sister Luella Hanawalt, secre- 
tary- A number of committees reported and others were ap- 
pointed. As we did not get through with all the business 
on Monday evening, we met again last evening after prayer 
meeting. Bro. I. V. Funderburgh was elected president of 
Christian Workers' society, and Sister Hazel Eby, 'secretary. 
Bro. Andrew Hutchison preached for us last Sunday, both 
morning and evening. — Grace Hileman Miller, Lordsburg, Cal., 
Jan. 6. 

Beedley. — Jan. 1 we held our council, Bro. D. L. Forney 
presiding. The following church officers were elected: Bro. 
D. L. Forney, elder; Bro. Philip Smith, clerk; Sister Lizzie 
Mlnnix, Messenger agent. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for six months as follows: Bro. H. Johnson, -superintendent; 
Sister Belle Minnix, secretary and treasurer. Sister Lela 
Beckner was chosen president of Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. Eight letters were granted. Bro. C, H. Toder, of 
Lordsburg, conducted an interesting Bible session during the 
Holidays. Bro. D. L. Miller gave us good Bible Land talks 
each evening during the week. Bro. D. R. Holsinger gave us 
instruction in music. — Edith Troyer, Reedley, Cal., Jan. 5. 


pleasant Valley church met in council Dec. 11. Owing to 
the members being widely scattered, and a large number 
going back east, to spend the winter, it was decided to dis- 
continue our Sunday school until April 1, and to hold preach- 
ing services every two weeks. Up to this time our Sunday 
school and preaching services have been well attended and 
much interest has been manifested. We hope to open in the 
spring with renewed energy. We expect more to join our 
number. — Cora M. Brubaker, Medicine Hat, Alta.. Canada, Jan. 


Denver. — On Sunday morning, Jan. 9, the members of this 
church enjoyed a sermon delivered by Bro. I. J. Rosenberger. 
of Covington, Ohio. In the evening Br6. H. H. Wenger. of 
Palisade, Colo,, preached for us, — Emma Root. Denver, Colo., 
Jan. 10. 

McClave church met in council Jan. 8, with our assistant 
elder, Bro. W. D. Harris, presiding. But little business came 
before the meeting. Sister Grace Sllgar was elected as home 
solicitor, and Sister Minnie Oxley as district solicitor. The 
writer was appointed Messenger agent, which business was 
deferred from the last council. Since our organization of 
Oct. 31 we have taken two collections. The Thanksgiving 
collection amounted to $4.00, and was sent to Kansas City 
Mission. Our Christmas collection amounted to $5.00, and 
was sent to the St. Joseph Mission. On account of the cold 
weather our church will not be ready for dedication as soon 
as we had expected. —Sadie Harris, McClave, Colo., Jan. 10. 

Bockyford church met in council Jan. 1. Bro, David Hamm 
was retained as elder In charge, and Bro. G. Nevinger, as- 
sistant. Bro. .Asberry Henard was reelected superintendent 
of the Sunday school. Considerable business was disposed 

of. No doubt the Bible Institute, conducted by Bro. Frank 
'Heckman, of Bethany Bible School, had much to do in pre- 
paring the church for this meeting. The institute closed 
Jan. 2. The courses taken up. "The Holy Spirit," "Church 
Doctrine," and " The Preacher." were ably presented by Bro. 
Heckman. — Clara Walker Miller, Rockyford, Colo,, Jan. 3. 


Boise.— First Church of the Brethren met in council the last 
Tuesday In December and elected the regular church and 
Sunday-school officers for the ensuing year. Although few 
in number, we are struggling hard to raise money enough to 
purchase a lot and build a church.— Nettie L. Stover, Boise, 
Idaho, Jan. 6. 

Clearwater church met in council Jan. 1, with our elder, 
Bro. N. S. Gripe, in charge. Five were received by letter. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for six months as fol- 
lows: Bro. George Shade, superintendent; Bro. Earl Har- 
lacher. secretary; Sister Blanche Stookey was reelected presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' meeting; and Bro. Earl Har- 
lacher, secretary and treasurer. We held Thanksgiving serv- 
ices at 11 A. M.; also had a special Christian Workers' pro- 
gram in the evening. A collection of $11.80 was taken for 
the Boise Mission. Our church is growing in number as well 
as In Interest. We are taking new courage, this new year, and 
will try to make it better than the one just closed. — Mollle 
Harlaeher, R. D. 1, Lenore. Idaho. Jan. 3. 

Mampa church met in council Friday evening. Jan. 7. with 
Eld. J. C. Neher presiding. Church officers were elected as 
follows: Bro. J. C. Neher, elder: Bro. Ed, Neher. secretary 
and treasurer; Bro. Sim Gross, clerk; Bro. Owen Wliallon, 
church correspondent; Sister Rose Bradley, Messenger agent. 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were elected 
for six months as follows; Bro. C. V. Whallon, superin- 
tendent; Sister Mary Redman, secretary and treasurer. The 
writer Is president of Christian Workers' meeting, with Sis- 
ter Julia Lavender as secretary. — Ray Shively, Nampa, Idaho. 
Jan. 10. 


Blue B,idge church met in council Jan. 1, at 10 o'clock, our 
elder, Bro, S. G. Nickey. presiding. Sunday-school officers 
were elected as follows: Bro. J. C. Lightcap, superintendent; 
Sister Elsie Claudin, secretary; Bro. John F. Burton, chorister. 
Christian Workers' meeting was also organized, with Sister 
Mabel Myers, president, and Sister Pearl Claudin, secretary 
and treasurer. Sister Minnie Slgman was chosen Messenger 
agent and correspondent. — John Barnhart, Mansfield, 111., Jan. 

Coal Creek church met In regular council Jan. 8. Our 
elder. Bro. S. Bucklew, presided. Bro, Chas. Walters, of As- 
toria, was with us also. Bro. J. C. Cover was reelected super- 
intendent of the Sunday school for the coming year. We or- 
ganized a Christian Workers' meeting, with the writer as 
president. — S. Leslie Cover, Canton, III., Jan. 8. 

Glrard. — Today, at 3 P. M-, we met at the Home for serv- 
ices. Several met with us. Eld. D. B, Gibson addressed the 
audience, taking for his text, Psa. 15: 5, which was very ap- 
propriate, as well as impressive. Alt present seemed en- 
couraged and spiritually strengthened.— Kate Smeltzer, Gi- 
rard, III., Jan. 9. * 

Bock Biver. — We met in council at Franklin Grove Dec. 11. 
New Sunday-school officers were chosen for the coming year. 
Bro. Ira Buck is our superintendent. Bro. O. D. Buck was 
elected president of Christian Workers, and Bro. Emery Wolf, 
superintendent of home department. A committee was chosen 
to reseat the church. A thanksgiving service was held, in 
which different members took an active part. A Christmas 
program was rendered by the children on Sunday morning, 
and a Christmas sermon was preached on Sunday evening. — 
Lulu Trostle, Franklin Grove, 111., Jan. 8. 


Blue Biver congregation met in council Jan. 1. Teachers 
and Sunday-school officers were installed for the coming 
year. Bro. Johr, KItson will begin our series of meetings 
Jan. 11. — Gertie M. Hire, Churubusco, Ind., Jan. 12. 

Elkhart City- — At our regular services on Sunday an aged 
brother, who had once been active in the work of the church. 
was restored to fellowship. In the afternoon he was anointed 
at the home of our pastor, Bro. C. C. Kindy, and in the even- 
ing a private communion was held for his benefit. In the 
morning Bro. Schwalm, of the Baugo congregation, preached 
for us. Our series of meetings will begin Jan. 23. Bro. Olin 
Shaw, of Dixon, III., will preach for us. — Mrs. Gladle S, Miller, 
141 Garfield Avenue, Elkhart, Ind.. Jan. 11. 

Plrst Church of the Brethren of South Bend met in council 
Dec. 20, Eld. H W. Krieghbaum presiding. Bro, Chas. Steel 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Marie 
Parrett, secretary. Sister Cora Wise was elected president 
of Christian Workers' meeting, Dec. 12 we closed a two 
weeks' series of meetings, conducted by our pastor, Bro. M. 
Clyde Horst. The weather was stormy, yet the attendance 
and Interest were good. One young man was baptized. Sis- 
ter Marguerite Bixler Garrette conducted the song service; 
also gave us many helpful talks along the line of sacred 
music. Dec. 26 we held our Christmas exercises for the chil- 
dren. Twenty-one Bibles were given to pupils having at- 
tended fifty Sundays during the year. — Pearl Wenger Jack- 
son, 131S Miami Street, South Bend, Ind., Jan. 9. 

Goshen. — The series of meetings, conducted by Eld. Dorsey 
Hodgden, of Huntington, Ind., began Dec. 17, and closed Jan. 
5; Five accepted Christ. Bro, Hodgden labored earnestly. 
The joint Christian Workers' meeting of South Bend, Elkhart, 
Nappanee and Goshen churches was held at our church on the 
evening of Jan. 2. An excellent program was rendered to a very 
large and attentive audience.— Emma Garver, 720 South Main 
Street. Goshen, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Huntington City church met in council Jan. 3, with Bro, G, 
L. Studebaker presiding. The report shows the church to 
be in union and fellowship. Four letters were granted and 
one sister reclaimed. Sunday-school officers were elected as 
follows: Sister Cora Emley, superintendent; Sister Opal Helm, 
secretary; Sister Sarah Frantz, president of home department. 
Sister B. M. Minnear was chosen president of Christian Work- 
ers. Bro, D. B. Garber then presided over the council, an.d 
with Bro. Wm. Kline, of Markle, and Bro. Jacob Heaston, of the 
Sallmonia church, took the voice of the church for an elder. 
Bro. G. L. Studebaker was chosen elder and pastor for the 
year 1910. He consented to take charge for a while, though 
he lives in North i.ianch ester. Bro. J. W. Lear, of Cerro 
Gordo, lit., will be with us in a series of meetings, beginning 
Jan. 16. We have a city of 13,000 people and only 115 mem- 
bers of the Brethren faith. There are eighteen other 
churches in town. We have driven out the saloons and con- 
sider it a blessing to the community. — John B. Bailey, 700 
Guilford Street, Huntington, Ind., Jan. 5. 

North Liberty church met In council Jan. 1. Our elder, 
Bro. Daniel Whitmer, presided. Five letters were received. 
Officers for the coming year were chosen for both the Oak 
Grove and North Liberty houses. The writer was chosen 
secretary. Sisters Ella Cripe and Dove Helm are Sunday- 
school superintendents.. Sisters Lizzie Sousley and Anna 
Peterson are presidents of Christian Workers' meeting. — 
Dortha Foote, R. D. 1, North Liberty. Ind., Jan. 3. 

Biage— Bro. Jacob Heistand, of Pine Creek, 
has not been able to be with us for some time, on account of 
poor health. On Sunday, Jan. 9, he preached an instructive 
sermon to a large audience. If health permits, he will be 
with us again In four weeks. — Hattle Carbiener, R. D. 23, 
Bremen, Ind., Jan. 14. 

Cedar church met In council Jan. 8, with Eld. John Zuck 
presiding. Considerable business was brought before the meet- 

ing. Sister Annie Garner was appointed to solicit funds to 
assist In. supporting a native worker In India. The Sunday 
school was reorganized as follows: Bro. Chas. Q. Meyers, 
superintendent; Sister Minnie E. Long, secretary and treas- 
urer; Sister Precious Zuck, chorister. It was decided to hold 
a series of meetings In September and October, also to hold 
a love feast in May. The following church officers were 
elected: Bro. Ira G. Miller, treasurer; Bro. J. D. Myers, secre- 
tary. The writer was elected church correspondent. — Charles 
Q. Meyers, R. D. 2, Clarence, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

Dry Creek church met in council Jan. 8, our elder, Bro. D. 
W. Miller, presiding. Church officers for the year were 
elected, also Christian Workers' officers, with Sister Ruth 
Werner as president, and Sister Vera Heefner, secretary. Our 
Sunday-school officers were elected Jan. 2, with Sister Jennie 
Miller as superintendent. The birthday offerings during the 
year amounted to $20.87. The Christmas program, given 
Dec. 26, was well attended. — Minnie B. Mentzer, -Robins, 
Iowa, Jan. 11. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 1. Brethren S. M. 
Burger and John Price were elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendents. "Our school Is In good condition. Bro. John Price 
was elected president of our Christian Workers' meeting, 
which is doing good work. Our elder, Bro. Abraham Wolf, 
who Is now in his seventy-third year, la full of zeal. Our 
love feast will be in May, the date to be set later. Steps 
were taken to secure an evangelist to hold a series of meet- 
ings next fall. Six letters of membership were granted. The 
writer was chosen church correspondent. — Orlando Ogden, 
Unionvllle, Iowa, Jan. 12. 

Franklin Count; church met In council Jan. 1, our elder, 
Bro. Wm. H. Pyle, presiding. Bro. Ezra Burn was chosen 
superintendent and the writer, secretary of the Sunday school. 
Sister Anna Allen Is president of Christian Workers' meet- 
ing. Jan. 2 our school decided to send our Sunday-school 
missionary money to the Minneapolis Mission, the amount be- 
ing $5.41.— Elsie A. Pyle, R. D. 6, Hampton, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Iowa Biver.— Sunday school was reorganized Jan. 2, with 
Bro. Tommy Smith, superintendent; the writer, secretary and 
treasurer. On account of cold weather the attendance was 
not so large. There are fourteen people at the Old Folks' 
Home now, most of them being quite feeble. Grandma Mur- 
ray, who fell and broke her hip a little over a year ago, is 
at present about as well as any one, considering her age. 
These old people attend church quite regularly, when the 
weather is favorable. — Laura L. Hoffert, R. D. 5, Marshall- 
town, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Muscatine. — Our Christmas program was one of more than 
ordinary interest. The sweet child-voices, that spoke and 
sung of Christ's birth, well entertained all present. Brother 
and Sister Burton (our daughter), of Mansfield, 111., were with 
us over Sunday. Our program was rendered at 6:30 P. M., 
and Bro. Burton preached for us at 11 A. M., and in the even- 
ing. All present received a Christmas treat. We are think- 
ing of organizing a children's mission school for moral and 
religious training. — T. A. Robinson, Box 463, Muscatine, Iowa, 
Jan. 9. 

Frairie City.— Bro. Theodore Price, of Unionvllle, Iowa, was 
with us last Sunday and gave us two sermons. We enjoy 
these visits from the brethren passing through, and gladly 
welcome all who come. Bro. I. W. Brubaker is at present 
in the midst of an interesting meeting at Ankeny, Iowa. Sis- 
ters Kate Alexander and Grace Van Der Linden are our Sun- 
day-school superintendents; Sister Murl Young, president of 
Christian Workers' meeting; Sister I. W. Brubaker, president 
of the aid society. Sisters Lova and Flossie Brubaker and 
Brethren Ray Alexander and Irvin Buckingham are attend- 
ing Bethany Bible School. Bro. Benj. Buckingham is at home, 
at present, for a month's vacation from his school work. The 
work here Is moving along nicely. — Jennie Alexander, R. D. 
2, Monroe, Iowa, Jan. 11. 

Salem church met In council Jan. 8, Eld. J. M. Follis pre- 
siding. Considerable business came before the meeting. One 
letter was granted. A sisters' aid society was organized with 
Sister Mamie Sink president and Sister Minnie Wray. secre- 
tary. Bro. A. C. Brubaker, of Kansas City, Mo., is to begin 
a series of meetings for us Jan. 23. A committee was ap- 
pointed to arrange a program for our district meeting. Sis- 
ter Mamie Sink was reelected as Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, and Bro. Olaf Caskey. secretary. — Bessie M. Bailey, R. 
D. 1, Prescott, Iowa, Jan. 11. 

Altainont church met in council Jan. S, Bro. E. E. Joyce 

presiding. One letter was received. Church and Sunday- 
school officers were elected for one year as follows: Sister 
Katie Joyce, church Clerk; Bro. Wm. F. Baker, treasurer; Sis- 
ter Cora Morris; president of Christian Workers' meeting, 
also superintendent of the Sunday school. Bro. C. A, Miller, 
our district evangelist, will hold a series of meetings for us 
in November. The writer was chosen Messenger agent and 
church correspondent.- — Katie Joyce, Altamont, Kans., Jan. 8. 

maple Grove.— Bro. A. C. Brubaker, of Kansas City, Mo., 
came to us Dec. 4, and delivered ten excellent sermons. There 
was one accession. Owing to the severe cold and bad roads, 
also smallpox in the community, the attendence was not 
large. At our fall love feast Bro. A. J. Wertenberger was 
ordained to the eldership. Dec. 30 we held our council. Bro. 
Wertenberger presided. Our elder's time having expired he 
was chosen for one year. It was decided" to hold a series 
of meetings in the spring. — Minnie D. Deeter, R. D. 1, Box 
78, Norcatur, Kans., Jan. 6. 

Neosho church met in council Jan. 9, Bro. W. C. Watkins. 
our elder, presiding. The writer was elected clerk and church 
correspondent; Sister Susan Peters, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Sister Pfoutz, secretary and treasurer. Letters were 
granted to Brother and Sister Alfred Wellar and son, Omer, 
who are moving to Palisade, Colo., soon. We will have a 
series of meetings In the spring, conducted by Bro. C. T5. 
Miller, our district evangelist. The time will be set later. 
Our next council will be held at Galesburg Mission, which 
is an arm of the church. At the close of the meeting the 
writer was advanced to the second degree of the ministry. 
J. H. Hotloway, Chanute, Kans., Jan. 15. 


Broad Bun. — Eld. Chas. F. Ausherman, of Myersvllle, Md., 
began a series of meetings at this place, a branch of the 
Brownsville congregation, on the evening of Dec. 11, and 
continued until the evening of the 21st. Bro, Ausherman 
labored earnestly for the saving of souls. — Mrs. John S. Bow- 
lus, Burklttsville, Md., Jan. 11. 

Hagerstown. — We start the new year with bright prospects 
for our Sunday school. We have an enrollment of 150 regular 
attendants. We have an adult Bible class of about twenty- 
five members, and purpose organizing a ladles' Bible class, 
numbering twenty. We also have a Home Department which 
has been organized for several years. It has been doing good 
work. Recently we organized a cradle roll department. — - 
Gamma L. Krider, Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 7. 

Middletown. Valley congregation met in council Jan. 1, our 
elder, Geo. S. Harp, presiding. Considerable business was 
transacted. We decided to hold our love feast May 28, com- 
mencing at 2 P. M. The feast is to be preceded by a two 
weeks' series of meetings, to be conducted by Bro. A. P. 
Snader, of New Windsor, Md. — C. N. Frushour, Myersville, 
Md., Jan. 10. 


Berrien church met In council Saturday, Jan. 8. Bro. Ell 
Roose came on Friday and preached three sermons for us. 
Bro. Robert Devenport, a member of the Mission Board, came 
Saturday evening. Bro. Rooae presided at the council. Sun- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


day evening two came out on the Lord's side, a father and 
mother. The next morning four of the children and the 
teacher of the day school came. All were baptized and one 
was reclaimed. — R. J. Shreve, Buchanan, Mich., Jun. 12. 

Harlan. — Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, recently delivered 
six instructive Bible lectures for us. "We have an evergreen 
Sunday school and during the year 1909 we missed but one 
Sunday. During the year there were present, 200 officers. 
222 teachers. 2,532 scholars, making an average of 69. Total 
collection, $47.31; paid out for supplies, $36.67. At the be- 
ginning of the year 1909 we had $1.00 on hand; balance on 
hand at present, $11.64. Nine were received into the church 
from the school.— A. W. Taylor, R. D. 2, "Copemish, Mich., 
Jan. 9. 

Vestabiu-R - . — Our Sunday school was reorganized Dec. 26, 
Bro. B. F. Switzer was reelected superintendent. Inzie Gold- 
ener was chosen secretary. — B. F. Switzer, "Vestaburg. Mich., 
Jan. 10. 


Winona.— Jan. 2 was observed in this church as a day of 
prayer for the success of the church. The special prayer 
service was held in the evening. While the membership were 
engaged In the service at the church, those who could not be 
present implored God in the church's behalf at home. Each 
one remembered some particular phase of the work, such as 
the ministry and deacons, the home and foreign, missions, 
the Sunday school and Christian Workers, the Publishing 
House and its various lines of work, and many other depart- 
ments of church work. Our motto for the service was 
"Make 1910 a Successful Year for the Church." The service 
resulted in a fuller determination to do more active work. — 
D. H. Keller, 552 W. Seventh Street, Winona, Minn., Jan. 13. 


rail-view congregation met In council Jan. 8, our elder, Bro. 
.T. B. Hylton, presiding. Two letters were received and one 
granted. The following officers were elected for 1910: Bro. 
J. B. Hylton, elder; Bro. Frank Robertson, clerk; Sister Mag- 
gie Hylton, Messenger agent and church correspondent.— 
Maude Robertson, Mansfield, Mo., Jan. 10. 

Mt. Etna. — The writer is now engaged in a revival meeting 
at this church. The attendance and interest are good. One 
confessed Christ last evening. The members are in good 
working order and the prospects for the work are good. After 
we close here we go to Salem congregation, this State, for 
another revival Jan. 23. After that we will, be ready for 
other fields. We never tire of working for the Lord and the 
Gospel, and hereafter shall devote all our time to the Master's 
cause. — A. C. Brubaker, 1320 Tracy Avenue, Kansas City, Mo., 
Jan. 10. 

Oak Grove church met in council Jan. I. In response to a 
call from Collins for the Brethren to hold some meetings 
there, a committee was appointed to look after the matter, 
and if possible there will be a series of meetings held there 
in the near future. Our love feast will be held April 16.— 
P. H. Killingsworth, R. D. 2, Collins, Mo., Jan. 10. 

peace "Valley-. — -Prospects for our work are brightening. Bro. 
M. B. Register has been appointed corresponding secretary 
for the Messenger. — P. L. Flke, White Church, Mo., Jan. 12. 

Prairie View church met in council Jan. 1, Eld. W. W. Hoh- 
sopple presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were 
elected. We decided to have "Bro. D. L. Mohler hold a Bible 
session, treating principally on the Life of Christ, to begin 
on the evening of Feb. 19 and closing on the evening of the 
25th.— Alice N. Vogt, R. D. 3, Versailles, Mo., Jan. 12. 


Enterprise. — May 1 of this year it will be three years since 
I filed a claim on United States land, and I am well pleased. 
Some very desirable land will be open for homestead filing 
after March 31, and 320 acres can be taken by any person 
eligible. We have a membership of thirty, and yet there is 
room for others. Correspondents will please enclose stamp.— 
J. E. Keller, Enterprise, Mont., Jan. 9. 

Medicine Lake. — Dec. 12, we reorganized our Sunday school 
for the next six months. Bro. Chalmer Bailey was elected 
superintendent; Sister H. Cookson, secretary and treasurer. 
Brother and Sister McCune have gone to Bethany Bible 
School, Chicago, for the winter. — Katie E. Keller, Enter- 
prise, Mont., Jan. 9. 

Beatrice. — We held our members' meeting on New Year's 
Day. The attendance was good. The church was unanimous 
In retaining Bro. A. D. Sollenherger as our pastor for the 
coming year. He was also chosen elder. We decided to ob- 
serve the week of prayer by. holding cottage prayer meetings 
each evening. Bro. Ralph Chamberlin was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent; Sister Elsie Price, secretary; Bro. 
Forest Elsenbise, corresponding secretary and treasurer; Sis- 
ter Allie Elsenbise, superintendent of the home department; 
Sister Lana Sollenherger, Messenger correspondent. Bro. J. 
W, Lear Is booked for a series of meetings here some time 
in August. — Allie Elsenbise, Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 5. 

Sand Brook church recently closed an interesting series of 
meetings, conducted by Bro. Ira C. Holsopple, of Pottstown, 
Pa. The meetings commenced Dec. 6 and closed Dec. 19. 
Bro. Holsopple preached with power. The members were built 
up spiritually and many good impressions were made. — H. 
T. Home, Sand Brook, N. J., Jan. 6. 

Lake Arthur — We organized our Sunday school Dec. 26. 
with Bro. Joe Sutter, superintendent. We met in council Jan. 
1, at 2 o'clock, with Eld. C. H. Brown moderator. The time 
for our series of meetings and love feast was not decided on. 
since Bro. A. J. Smith is unable to be with us. On Sunday 
morning, Jan. 2, Eld. C. H. Brown preached for us. Since 
he moved to the country we have only one sermon each first 
and third Sunday. — Anna Bowers, Lake Arthur, N. Mex., Jan. 


Berthoia church met In council Jan. 8, our elder. Bro. H. 
C. Longanecker, presiding. Several letters were granted. We 
organized a Christian Workers' meeting, with Bro. Noah Petry. 
President. Our Sunday-school children rendered a program 
pec. 26, which was appreciated by all, and the children en- 
joyed the work. Our school is evergreen, well attended and 
with good interest.— Allie M. Petry, Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 13. 

Carringrtoa church met in council Jan. G, and in the ab- 
sence of our elder, Bro. D. H. NIccum, Bro. J. C. Forney, of 
Kenmare, took charge. Four were received by letter, one of 
them, Bro. J. R. Smith, being a minister. Three letters were 
granted. Sunday school was reorganized, with Bro. Carl 
Cruea, superintendent; Sister Annie Myers, secretary and 
treasurer. It was decided to have a series of meetings and 
love feast In June. — J. S. Sheaffer, Carrington, N. Dak., Jan. 

Surrey church met^in council Dec. 23, with Bro. D. M. 
Shorb officiating. Considerable business was disposed of. 
Ihree letters were granted. Bro. C. E. Dresher was reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister Betva Hewitt, sec- 
retary. Bro. Paul Dresher is Messenger agent, and the 
writer corresponding secretary. Our Sunday school continues 
with interest. Bro. D. T. Dlerdorff was chosen as our elder 
'°r the coming year, with Bro. D. M. Shorb, assistant.— 
Aianerva Lambert, Surrey, N. Dak., Jan, 8. 

Turtle Mountain. — On Christmas Day, in company with one 
r our deacons, Bro. G. A. Fisher, we went to Turtle Mountain, 

where there are about a dozen members, to conduct meet- 
ings. Bro. Fisher returned the following week, and on New 
Year's Day Bro. John Fisher came to assist in the s<uig serv- 
ice. We conducted eighteen services, preaching sixteen ser- 
mons. Three were restored to fellowship. There were many 
who had never known of our doctrine, and who are anxious 
to learn more about our teaching. By their request we will 
give them more meetings this spring. We distributed a num- 
ber of Missionary Visitors and Gospel Messengers, among 
which were a dozen copies of the doctrinal number. In thesn 
they seemed to be much Interested. There is a good opening 
here to establish a church and we hope work may be done 
along that line. — Wm. H. Eiler, Perth, N. Dak., Jan. 13. 


Akron — The children of our Mission rendered an acceptable 
Christmas program Dec. 26. We presented each child with a 
little Christmas treat. Each primary scholar was given a 
Testament, and each juvenile a Bible. Through the gener- 
osity of several of the churches in the District, and also 
by donations from Individual members, we were able to de- 
liver twenty-two baskets to needy families the day before 
Christmas. We hnve brought a few children Into the Sun- 
day school from the homes where we distributed the Thanks- 
giving baskets. We now have a good supply of clothing, sent 
by different churches, for which we are thankful. Brethren 
Claude Murray and Simon Smith were elected as Sunday- 
school superintendents; Sister Emma Rohres, Messenger 
agent, and Sister Daisy Marken, superintendent of the cradle 
roll and home department. — Jennie M. Shriver, Akron, Ohio, 
Jan. S. 

Foatoria. — The day before Christmas we had services at the 
Brethren's Home, conducted by Bro. L. H. Dickey, consisting 
of prayer and song service. After the services we gave the 
inmates little gifts of candy, nuts, aprons and handkerchiefs. 
As we were preparing to present our gifts, a basket of fruit, 
nuts and candy from the city was left for the old people. 
We also received a box from the Silver Creek aid society, 
which helped to make the day a joyful one. The Fostorla 
Sunday school remembered them with candy and nuts. Old 
people, as a rule, appreciate these tilings. The inmates of 
the Home are enjoying good health, considering their ages, 
which range from forty-three to ninety-one. There are four- 
teen in ail. — Frank NoiYsinger, Fostorlo, Ohio, Jan. S. 

lick Creek church met in council Jan. 1, Bro. Edward 
Kintner presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. G. W. 
Sellers was chosen elder for the coming year. Bro. B, F. 
Kintner was elected secretary; and Bro. A. B. Robinson, 
trustee. Sister Minerva Kintner "was chosen solicitor for 
home and foreign missions, and the writer, correspondent. 
May St. John. R. D. 3, Bryan, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

TjO ramie. — Dec 26 our Sunday school reorganized for an- 
other year, with Sister Clara Souders as superintendent. After 
the close of the Sunday school, each scholar was presented 
with a little gift, after which the school presentod Bro. U. 
R. McCorkle with a fine Bible, to show our love for him, and 
our appreciation of his work. — Allie Helman, R. D. 1, Dawson, 
Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Maumee church met in council Dec. 31, our Eld. G. W. Sel- 
lers, presiding. Much business was disposed of. Five let- 
ters were granted". Bro. J. T. Fleagle was chosen superin- 
tendent for six months. — John Sponseller, Sherwood, Ohio, 
Jan, 4. 

Rush Creek church met in council Jan. S, with our elder, 
Bro. Bagwell, presiding. One letter was granted. We decided 
upon a systematic plan of raising money for our church work. 
Bro. Levi Stoner was elected Sunday-school superintendent 
for the coming year. — Lizzie Bagwell, Bremen, Ohio, Jan. 9. 


North Star (Okla). — We held our love feast Dec. 11. Bro. 
Kauffman, of Iowa, officiated. He began a series of meet- ■ 
ings Dec. 9 and continued until the 14th when Bro. A. J. 
Smith and wife came to us, and conducted a three weeks' 
series of meetings. The attendance was not large on account 
of bad weather, but we were strengthened spiritually. — Jacob 
Troxel, Caldwell, Kans., Jan. 13. 

Washita church met in council Jan. 1. Our elder being ab- 
sent, the election of an elder was deferred for the present. 
Bro. Wm. Battey was elected Sunday-school superintendent, 
and Bro. Dawson, president of Christian Workers' meeting. 
— Mollie Yoder, R, D. 4, Cordell, Okla., Jan. 4. 


Coquille Valley church met In council Jan. 1. The church 
begins the new year with bright prospects. Bro. J. S. Root 
was reelected housekeeper for another year; Bro. E. J. Michael, 
clerk, and the writer correspondent and Messenger agent. It 
was decided to hold a series of meetings, beginning Feb. 
13, to be conducted by the home brethren. Our motto for 
the coming year is "1910 for Christ."— J. H. Stevens, Myrtle 
Point, Oregon, Jan. 8. 

Newbergf. — On account of Christmas falling on the last Sat- 
urday of the quarter, our regular council was deferred one 
week. We met Jan. 1, with our elder, Geo. C. Carl, presiding. 
Church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers were 
chosen as follows: Elder, Geo/ C. Carl, of Portland; foreman. 
Lee Dadlsman; clerk, Mattle L. Dunlap; correspondent, Bessie 
Marie King; Sunday-school superintendent, Sarah A. Van 
Dyke; secretary, Bessie Kaufman. Bessie Marie King was 
chosen president of Christian Workers. One letter was re- 
ceived and nine granted. We have a small band of earnest 
workers here, but greatly need a resident elder. — Bessie Marie 
King, Newberg, Oregon, Jan. 4. 


Claar church met In council Jan. 8, with Bro. J. A. Sell 
presiding. Church officers were elected for the coming year, 
with Bro. J. A. Sell retained as elder. Bro. E. H. Claar was 
elected treasurer; the writer reelected secretary; Bro. E. H. 
Claar, Sunday-school superintendent. Our love feast will be 
May 28, examination services at 3; 30 P. M., and the feast 
proper at 5 P^ M., to be preceded by a series of meetings, be- 
ginning May 14 and continuing until the feast. The lower 
house has recently been repaired, and was rededlcated op Sun- 
day, Jan. 9, Bro. J. A. Sell preaching the sermon. The pros- 
pects for good work are encouraging. — E. F. Claar, Klalir, Pa., 
Jan. 11. 

Elk Lick church met in council Jan. C. Bro. Daniel Clapper 
presided. Four letters were granted. It was decided to have 
a two weeks' series of meetings and love feast this sprlng. 
— Alice C. Beachy, Elk Lick, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Hanover church met In council on Wednesday evening, Jan. 
5. Our elder, Bro. E. S. Miller, not being present, Eld. D. H. 
Baker presided. Sunday-school officers were elected for the 
coming year. Bro. H. S. Baker was reelected superintended!, 
one letter was granted. The weather being unfavorable, not 
many were present. Eld. Miller not being present, some 
business was deferred until a future council. On Christmas 
Day services were held at 10 A. M., and Christmas exercises 
at 2: 30 P. M., by the Sunday school. Bro. James P. Leaman, 
of York, Pa., addressed the school. — W. B. Harlacher, Han- 
over, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Lower Canowag-o. — On the afternoon of Sunday, Nov. 14, we 
gathered at the home of Bro. Wm. Mummert, on the banks ot 
the Big Canowago Creek, for baptism. Six were baptized. In 
the presence of a very large concourse of people, the number 
estimated at 600. This was the result of an Interesting series 
of meetings held at the Bermudian house, by Bro. J. M. 
Mohler, of Lewlstown, Pa. Bro. Andrew Bowser, of East 
Berlin, led the singing. — G. W. Hull, Lower Canowago. Pa., 
Jan. 5. 

Uniontown. — Our Christmas exercises were conducted on 
the evening of Dec. 26. The school was given a treat after 
the services. Brethren H. H. Glover and C. S. Livengood were 
elected superintendents for the coming year; Bro. J. H. Fln- 
nell, secretary; and Bro. Qulnter Barnthouse. treasurer. Our 
church and Sunday-school work are moving along nicely — 
Mary C. Barnthouse, 8 W. Craig Street, Uniontown, Pa, 
Jan. 8. 

West Oreontree. — We began a series of meetings at Green- 
tree Dec. 18 and continued until Jan. 14 Inclusive. Bro. E. W. 
Edris labored for us In the German language. Four con- 
fessed Christ at these meetings and one at our regular serv- 
ices the following Sunday evening. None of these are above 
the age of twelve years. Wo will begin a series of meetings 
at Rheems Feb. 12. — S. R. Mt'D;innel, Ellzabethtown. Pa- 
Jan. 10. 

Willow Creek.— At the reorganization of our church work. 
Sister Ellen Harldson was chosen Sunday-school superin- 
tendent, and Bro. Frank Hoagley, secretary. Our school Is 
wide-awake to missionary endeavors. The young people's 
class has this year undertaken to support a native worker in 
India. Another Bible class is supporting an India orphan. 
Some work is being done for the Chicago Sundav-school Ex- 
tension by the children's classes and others. The Christian 
Workers are under the direction of Bro. Grant Tookor. Sister 
Mary Heagiey was appointed local Child Rescue Worker. — 
Eva Heagley-Hnrst, Wotonka. S. Dak., Jan. 8. 

Beaver Creek church met In council Jan. 1, Eld. John Henry 
Peterson presiding. Two letters were received. A sick man 
came to our church, recently, making fourteen members 
added to our number, Including those received by letter, since 
our district meeting. We reorganized our Sunday school Jan. 
2 for the coming year, with Bro. H. F. Bailey as superin- 
tendent. The church seems greatly encournged and In good 
working order.— Tennle Bowman. Fountain City, Tenn., Jan. 10. 


Manvel church met In council Dee. 18, Eld. M. H. Peters 
presiding. Bro. S. A. Honberger, of Wichita, Kans., very ably 
delivered a series of eleven sermons, beginning on Christmas 
evening, and closing on Sunday evening, Jan. 2. Our love 
feast was held Dec. 29. Bro. J. A. Miller assisted in the 
meetings. — A. J. Hicks, Manvel, Tex., Jan. 4. 


Pairfax church met In council Jon. 8, with Eld. I. M. Neff 
presiding. Considerable business came before the meeting 
and was pleasantly disposed of. Four letters were granted. 
Bro. Nelt was chosen as elder for Iwo years. Brethren C. E. 
Miller and G. J. Lonborgor wore elected Sunday-school super- 
intendents for tills year. Bro. W. H. Sanger will represent 
us at the Anti-Saloon League Convention, to be held In Rich- 
mond in the near future. The writer was chosen correspondent 
for another year. — Maggie Miller, Oakton, Va„ Jan. 10. 

Groen Mount church met In council Jan. 8, with Eld. J. A. 
Garber presiding. Some Important business was disposed of. 
Brethren J. W. Myers and D. R. Miller were reelected super- 
intendents of onr Sunday school. Christian Workers' officers 
are Bro. J. W. Wampler. president; Sister L. Katie Ritchie. 
secretary. Sisters L. Katie Ritchie and Katie Kline are 
church correspondents. Wo will hold two series of meetings 
In our congregation during the year. Jan. 2 our Sunday 
school was reorganized without any change In teachers.— 
L, Katie Ritchie, Box 25, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 10. 

Llnvlllo Creek church met In council as usual on New Year's 
Day, keeping the day with fasting and prayer for the wel- 
fare and advancement of the church. Considerable time was 
duvoted to the settling of accounts, and plans wore laid for 
future work. Superintendents were appointed for six of our 
Sunday schools. A committee was appointed to assist the 
superintendents In the organization. During the year 1909 we 
received ten by baptism, nine by letter and one restored to 
membership. Wo granted nineteen letters of membership, 
dismissed four, and lost five by death, leaving 493 members 
lo begin the work of 1910. Numerically the church does not 
show the usual Increase of members. On account of con- 
tagious diseases prevailing In the community, two series 
of meetings were deferred. The financial report shows a safe 
balance on the side of the church, aside from the amount 
necessary to carry on the work at home. During the year 
1909 $3,500 was contributed to various lines of work. — 
Catherine R. Kline, Broadway, Va., Jan. 10. 

Mt. Vernon church mot In council Jan. 8, Eld. J. R. KIndig 
presiding, One letter of membership was received and four 
granted. Bro. D. C. Flory, of Middle River, preached for us 
Jan. 9.— Lulu Loving. Flshersvllle, Va., Jan. 11. 

Pleasant Hill church met in council Jan. 8, Bro. Owen Barn- 
hart presiding. The following officers were elected for the 
present year: Bro. Ell Marshall, treasurer; Bro. E. E. Hylton, 
clerk; Sister Louisa Cox, Messenger agent, and the writer, 
correspondent. A collection of $3.25 was taken to help build 
Snow Creek churchhouse, Franklin County. On the following 
Sunday Bro. A. N. Hylton preached an Interesting sermon, 
taking his text from Matt. 6: 20. — Ruth A. Hylton, Willis. 
Va., Jan. 10. 

Eedoak Grove church met In council Jan. 8, with Eld. J. F. 
Keith presiding. Not much business came before the meeting, 
A collection of $6.00 was taken for the new Franklin County 
churchhouse. Bro. J. F. Keith preached In the evening at 
7; 30. On Sunday morning we had a Bible lesson at 10 o'clock, 
after which the funeral of Sister Bettle Thomas was con- 
ducted by our elder, Bro. W. H. Naff, assisted by Eld. M. I. 
Dlckeraon, at 11 o'clock. — Ella Bowman, R. D. 6, Box 44. 
Floyd,. Va., Jan. 11. 

(Concluded on Page G4.) 


" Write what thou soest, 

uend It unto the churches 

The eighth annual Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of 
the Church of the Brethren of Southern Ohio was held at 
Trotwood, near Dayton, Dec. 27 to 31. The instructors 
were Brethren I. B. Trout, A. C. Wieand and John S. 
Flory. None of them needed an introduction to our 
workers, as they had all assisted in institute work here- 
tofore. The writer was not permitted to be present the 
first half of the term, but if the enthusiasm and interest 
during the last half may be considered an index to the 
first, the merits of the institute throughout are as good 
as those of any previous one. Bro. Flory gave two ad- 
dresses on "Sunday-school Pedagogy," two on "The 
Sunday-school Teacher," and a sermon on " The Mission 
of the Church." Those in attendance received a feast of 
good things from his discourses. On account of having 
a place on the program of the Southern Educational As- 
sociation, at Charlotte, N. C, Dec. 30, Bro. Flory could 
only be with us two days. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 

Bro Trout gave nine addresses,— three on "Sunday- 
school Problems and Management," two on " Some of the 
Problems Confronting the Church," one on " Struggles ot 
the Apostolic Church," and three other sermons. 

The addresses on Sunday-school management, and the 
solutions given to many of the most common and per- 
plexing Sunday-school problems, were of much value to 
our workers, especially as they begin the work of a new 
year Bro Wieand had been assisting in Sunday-school 
work in Northeastern Ohio, and was delayed in reaching 
this place on account of his train being four hours late. 
He was, therefore, not permitted to give his Thursday 
evening address on " The Righteousness of the Sons of the 
Kingdom of Heaven, or the Beatitudes." Bro. Trout was 
yet with us and, being prevailed upon, he treated the sub- 
ject but stated that while he and Bro. Wieand worked 
together in institutes, and fit well together, yet they were 
far from being alike. He discussed the subject in a very 
successful manner, mostly from memory, as he had heard 
Bro. Wieand treat the subject in Northwestern Ohio, a 
few days previous. 

On Friday Bro. Wieand gave three addresses, one giv- 
ing an outline on the Book of Matthew and two on some 
of the more difficult Sunday-school lessons for the year. 
He urged our workers that,— since all of our Sunday- 
school lessons but two, for 1910, are taken from the Book 
of Matthew,— they study and master the entire Book of 
Matthew, instead of confining themselves only to the les- 
sons given in the quarterlies. His outline, if carried out, 
will prove very helpful, especially to advanced classes. 
Bro. Wieand has prepared a correspondence course on 
the Book of Matthew that is now ready for those who de- 
sire to take it. 

by. Regard it not only as a duty to give, but a precious 
privilege as well. Edward Loomis. 

New Philadelphia, Ohio, Jan. 8. 


This year's Institute and Bible Normal was held in the _ 
Warrensburg church, under direction of the District Sun- clarence" A. Eshelman 
day-school Board, with Eld. S. Z. Sharp as instructor. Our Cloud, Nebr. 
anticipations of interest and profit, to those who attended, 
were fully realized, although many more might have been 
present if the weather had been milder during the week of 
Dec. 27 to Jan. 1. 

Day services, from 10 A. M. to 3 P. M., with an hour's in- 
termission, were devoted to a study of the life of Christ 
and the relations between the Old Testament and the New. 
The four Gospels were the records studied in the forenoon, 
and the Epistle to the Hebrews in the afternoon. Short 
periods were given to principles of successful teaching. 

The evening sessions were given mainly to a study of 
church doctrines. On the whole we feel that the oppor- 
tunities for Sunday-school and church workers, to improve 
their work for the Master, were most excellent, and we 
have heard nothing but words of satisfaction with the 
work done. Jesse D. Mohler. 

Warrensburg, Mo., Jan. 3. 

Christian P. Breidenbaugh and Slater Lillie M. Nafzinger, 
both of Longgreen, Baltimore County, Md. S. E. Engler. 

Cnristner-Mohler. — By the undersigned, at his home In 
Cerro Gordo, III., Dec. 21, 1909, Bro. Almon M. Chrlatner and 
Sister Florence M. Mohler, both of Cerro Gordo, 111. 

. J. W. Lear. 

Dana-CarL — At the home of the bride's parents by the un- 
dersigned, Jan. 1, 1910, Mr. Marshall Dana and Sister Nora 
Carl, both of Portland, Oregon. J. A. Royer. 

. Esnelman-Ooble. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, in Red Cloud, Nebr., Dec. 29, 1909, Bro. 


i been placed in the Temperance 

The following amounts ha 
treasury during 1909: 

Southern California and Arizona. 
According to the register, 410 enrolled their names. Covlna Sunday school, per Q. E. Bashore $ 7 22 

Total from District $ 7 22 

Of these, 36 are superintendents, 53 advanced teachers, 
40 intermediate teachers, 18 primary teachers and 263 
Sunday-school pupils. As usual, at these institutes, there 
was a large representation of ministers and elders present. 
Among these were John Smith, the oldest elder in South- 
ern Ohio, J. C. Bright, Jesse Stutsman, D. S. Filbrun, L. 

Garvey-Wagner. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's parents, Dec. 21, 1909, Bro. S. Arthur Garvey. of 
Leeton, Mo., and Sister Maude E. Wagner, of Adrian, Mo. 

Ira Witmore. 

Goodman- Adams. — By the writer, at the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Edd Aten, near Garden Grove, Iowa, Jan. 1, 1910, Mr. 
Ernest A. Goodman and Miss Mabel B. Adams, both of Leon, 
Iowa. L - M - KoD - 

Leedy-Iieedy. — At the home of the bride, near New Paris, 
Ind., Dec. 30, 1909, by the undersigned, Ira G. Leedy, of Cerro 
Gordo 111., and Mary E. Leedy, of New Paris, Ind. 

Geo. W. Miller. 

Martin-Barman. — At the home of Mr. James Devault, Jan. 1, 
1910, Mr. Fred Martin and Miss Clara E. Harman, both of 
Denlow, Mo. Nannie A. Harman. 

Beber-Hoss.— Jan. 6, 1910, by the undersigned, at the home 
of Brother and Sister Henry Hess, at Elizabethtown, Pa., 
Bro Frank L. Reber, of Myerstown, Pa., and Sister Mary B. 
Hess, of Elizabethtown, Pa. Sam'l H. Hertzler. 

Rapport-Crip e. — At the home of the undersigned, near 
Heath, Tippecanoe Co., Ind., Jan. 1, 1910, Bro. Irvin L. Rep- 
pert and Minnie M. Cripe, both of Pyrmont, Carroll Co., 
Ind- John W. Root 

Bexroad-Bliokenstaff. — By the undersigned, in the Church 
of the Brethren at Cerro Gordo, Hi., Dec. 23, 1909, Bro. Earle 
N. Rexroad, of Anaheim, Cal., and Minnie M. Bllckenstart, 
of Cerro Gordo, 111. J - w - Lear. 

Vore-Byerly. — By the undersigned, at the home of the 
bride's mother, near Lima, Ohio, Dec. 30, 1909, Bro. Claude 
G Vore and Sister Edna Pearl Byerly, both of Allen County. 

David Byerly. 

Yonng-K Unz mfta. — By the writer, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Kearney, Nebr., Dec. 29, 
and Sister Ella L. Klinzman. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin. 

Cherry Grove Sunday school, per Chas. Shideler $ 4 20 

First Chicago Sunday school, per I. C. Eisenhour 3 43 

Chippewa Valley Sunday school, per F. E. Peden 1 40 

Ash Ridge Sunday school, per M. D. Looker 2 00 

Elgin Sunday school, per H. R. Olwin, B I 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

A Bookwalter, and many others, who are well known Hickory Grove Sunday school, per John L. Tenley, « *o 

lL " . . t L„ -n^th^rhnnH Lanark Sunday school, per Amy Trout, 421 

throughout the Brotherhood. le Qrove Sunday schooli per s. B. Stong, 1 56 

It is only through the mutual efforts of our ministers, Mt Morrls Sunday school, per J. P. Holslr^ger 8 65 

our Sunday-school teachers, officers and workers by their Ojjn "^n BunJ^ school, pachas, w. Elsenblse, . , 95 
presence, prayers and financial support, that these meet- 
ings are made a success. Even the time for holding the 
series of meetings throughout the local congregations 
is usually arranged so as not to conflict. On account of 
illness, Eld. Jacob Coppock, chairman of our committee, 
could not be present. Eld. David Hollinger directed the 
institute in a very efficient manner. 

The people of Trotwood are to be commended for 
their hospitality in taking care of this gathering, and for 
giving free lodging to so many guests. Their com- 
modious church building was well filled the greater part 
of the time. It will be remembered that they opened 
their doors for our first Sunday-school Teachers' Insti- 
tute seven years ago. Elder D. M. Garver, moderator 
of our last Annual Conference, now has charge of this 
congregation. Besides encouraging the Sunday-school 
work in other ways, he also attends the regular teachers' 
meeting. Among those present from other State Dis- 
tricts were Bro. A. P. Snader, of New Windsor, Md., and 
Sister Emma Miller, District Sunday-school Secretary of 
Southern Indiana. Sister Miller assisted in conducting 
the song service. Invitations for our Institute from Dec. 
26 to 30, 1910, are now in order. Levi Minnich, Sec. 
Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Please allow the writer a little space to make a plea 
for the Akron Mission, now in its infancy. The work is 
receiving careful attention at the hands of Brother and 
Sister Shriver, who are to be commended for the zeal, 
sacrifice and devotion bestowed upon this charge. Our 
Brother having been taught the more perfect way, like 
the writer, changed his church relationship and gave up 
his professional work as teacher in the public schools in 
which he commanded good wages and ready employment. 
This city is noted for its large manufacturing industries, 
one of which, we have been told, employs over 5,000 peo- 
ple. This city, therefore, is a good place for wage-earn- 
ers and bread-winners. Our Home Mission Board of 
Northeastern Ohio decided largely to concentrate the 
means and efforts available on this mission, which seems 
to meet with general app'roval. Our Board has succeed- 
ed in finding a house and lot, favorably located for mis- 
sion work, — much more so than our past and present loca- 
tion. The house on this lot, or a part of it at least, can 
be used for public mission services until a new church- 
house is built. To promote this much desired object, our 
Home Mission Board recommended that each church in 
our District raise $1.00 for each member. Said recom- 
mendation passed at our last district meeting (first Thurs- 
day in October). The writer has had the privilege of meet- 
ing several times with the members who compose this 
Mission and was much encouraged by the interest and 
devotion manifested. Please allow us to say that, as a 
District, we come to the help of our Brethren in Christ 
who so much need our genuine sympathy and substan- 
tial help at this time. Let us do as we would be done 

Rockford Sunday school, per P. R. Keltner 75 

Shannon Sunday school, per J. W. Fox 2 62 

Sterling Sunday school, per C. W. Cosey 5 43 

West Branch Sunday school, per Lester W. Sollenberger, 3- 54 

Yellow Creek Sunday school, per H. H. Keltner 2 56 

Total from District $52 66 

Southern Illinois. 
Cerro Gordo Sunday school, per J. J. Reppert, $13 57 

Total from District * 13 B7 

Southern Indiana. 

Locust Grove Sunday school. Nettle Creek congregation, 

per Frank Dillon S 2 13 

Total from District, $ 2 13 

Woodland Sunday school, per Ruth L. Wagamon $ 6 60 

Total from District, S 6 60 

Southern Ohio. 

Brookville Sunday school, per Edna B. Maphis $ 5 00 

Wolf Creek Sunday school, per Erven Olwen 115 

Total from District 5 6 15 

Middle Pennsylvania. 
New Enterprise church temperance meeting, per C. L. 

Mock , * 6 0G 

Total from District, 5 6 oc 

Southern Pennsylvania. 
Green Spring church temperance meeting, per John A. 

Total from District 

Western Pennsylvania. 

Elk Lick Sunday school, per Elizabeth Reltz, . 

Elk Lick congregation, per S. A. Beachy, 5 

Berkey Sunday school, Shade Creek congregation, per 

Jacob Faust, 4 00 

Maple Glen Sunday school, per L. H. Peck 2 13 

Meyersdale Sunday school, per M. C. Horner, 4 72 

Uniontown Sunday school, per Jasper Barnthouse 5 00 

Total from District $ 22 06 

Pirat Distriot of Virginia, 
Oak Grove Sunday school, per J. H Garst ? 1 20 

Trinity Sunday school, Troutville, per C. D. Hylton 2 95 

Troutvllle Sunday school, Botetourt congregation, per 
D. P. Hylton, 

Total from District $ 9 B8 

Grand total $ 129 28 

P. J. Blough, Treasurer. 

Hooversville, "Pa., Jan. 1, 1910. 

.$ 3 25 
.$ 3 25 

.$0 77 

5 43 


" What therefore God has joined together, let not n 



a alionld bo ficcoiurmniod by BO conts. 

Alexander-Henrioks. — Dec. 22, 1909, at the home of the 
bride, by the undersigned, Arthur Alexander, of St. Elmo, 111., 
and Myrtle E. Henrlcks, of La Place, 111. Geo. W. Miller. 

Billman-Yoder. — By the undersigned, at his home, Jan. 1, 
1910, Mr. Clayton S. Blllman and Sister Delia M. Yoder. both 
of Spencer, Ohio. S- M. Friend. 

Breidenbaug'h-Nafzing'eT. — By the undersigned, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Longgreen, Md., Jan. 5, 1910, Bro. 

Bliokenstaff, Bro. Jacob, born In Clinton County, Ind., Nov. 
20, 1842, died in Carroll County, Ind., Dec. 7, 1909, aged G7 
years and 17 days. In 1864 he was married to Susan Wagon- 
er who died in 1877. In 1878 he was married to Catharine 
Michael, who died May 20, 1908. He Is survived by two 
daughters by his first wife, three stepsons, three brothers 
and one sister. Bro. Bliokenstaff was a life-long member of 
the church. Services in the Pyrmont church by the writer. 
Text, Job 5: 26. Interment In Pyrmont cemetery. 

J. G. Stlnebaugh. 

Bowers, Bro. John Henry, born in Delaware County, Ind., 
Jan. 25, 1855, died at his home in Lake Arthur, N. Mex., 
Nov 16 1909, aged 54 years, 9 months and 21 days. He was 
married to Fannie V. Silvuse April 6, 1876. To this union 
were born eleven children. Two yars after marriage he. with 
his companion, united with the Church of the Brethren. Bro. 
Bowers served the church as a deacon a little less than a 
year. He was anointed before his death. His wife, eleven 
children, one brother and one sister survive. Services at his 
home at Lake Arthur, N. Mex., by Eld. Jacob Wyne, of Dexter, 
N. Mex. Interment In the new Lake Arthur cemetery. 

Anna Bowers. 
Brown, Bro. John, born May 12, 1836, died of pneumonia, 
at his home near Taneytown. Md., Jan. 1, 1910, aged 73 
years, 7 months and 19 days. He leaves a wife and seven 
children. Services at PIney Creek, by Eld. J. H. Utss. In- 
terment in the adjoining cemetery. M. E. Ecker. 

Clark, Bro. Joseph, born Nov. 28, 1854, died at Johnson 
City, Tenn., Nov. 25, 1909, aged 54 years, 11 months and 27 
days His death was caused by paralysis. Bro. Clark was 
a member and deacon in the church for several years. Three 
brothers and two sisters survive. Father, mother and four 
sisters preceded him. Services at the Knob Creek church, 
by Brethren A. M. Laughrun and S. J. Bowman. Interment in 
the cemetery near by. J- J - Clark. 

Crumrine, Bro. M., born in Darke County, Ohio, Dec. 26, 
1832, died in Dallas, Tex., Dec, 21, 1909, aged 76 years. 11 
months and 22 days. He united with the Church of the 
Brethren early in life and remained faithful. His second 
wife, one brother, one sister, four sons and three daughters 
survive. Two sons and two daughters preceded him. Serv- 
ices by T. A. Johnson, a Baptist minister. Interment in the 
Kleburg cemetery. A. E. Crumrine. 

Crunkleton, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Crunkleton, 
died at her home in Greencastle, Pa., Jan. 6, 1910. aged 73 
years, 3 months and 21 days. Her health had been failing 
for several years. Sister Crunkleton had been a member of 
the church for a number of years and was known for her 
kind hospitality. She leaves a husband, one daughter and 
six sons Services at the Shank church, by Eld. John Lehner, 
assisted by Bro. C. H. Steerman and the home brethren. Text, 
2 Cor 5: 1. Frances M. Lelter. 

Cora, Sister Elizabeth, wife of Nathan Cora, died at her 
home in the bounds of the Walnutlevel congregation, Wells 
County, Ind., Jan. 2, 1910, aged 77 years, 7 -months and 2 
days She leaves six children, her husband and three chil- 
dren having preceded her. Sister Cora was a faithful mem- 
ber of the Brethren church for many years. Services by 
Bro J F Spitzer, of Summitville, Ind. Interment in Stahl 
cemetery. Mallnda S. Studebaker. 

Daffffy, Sister Rachel, born Sept. 1, 1832, died in the bounds 
of the Elk Run congregation, Augusta Co., Va., Dec. 14 1909. 
aged 77 years, 2 months and 13 days. Sarah C. Zigler. 

Detwiler, Bro. Samuel M., died in the Woodbury church, Pa.. 
of consumption, Dec. 29, 1909, aged 72 years. 6 months and 
20 days. He was married to Nancy Dilling, daughter of C. 
and B. Dilling, deceased. His wife, with four sons and three 
daughters, survives. Two sons preceded him. Bro. Det- 
wUer, with his companion, united with the church in 1861. 
Services by Eld. J. K. Brown, assisted by the writer. Text, 
John 16: 22. J - c - staver - 

Domer, Laura S., wife of Henry Domer, bom near Mount 
Morris, 111., Dec. 19. 1849, died in Mishawaka^ Ind., Jan 4, 
1910, aged GO years and 16 days. Services by the writer. 

S. F. Sanger. 
Etambrode, Bro. Daniel, died In the bounds of the Mono- 
ca?y church, near Thurmont, Md., Dec. 12, 1909, ased «3 years 
? months and 11 days. He was a consistent member ot the 
church for over forty years. His wife, six sons and three 
daughters survive. Services at Thurmont. by Elders Leonard 

salh'ace/ * ^ "* * * W ^'^m?.i*3M£ M 
■pt+BP Daniel born Dec. 30, 1827, near Dayton, Ohio, died 
at So 'home of nis brother, Joseph Etter, in the bounds 

ds of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 


the Lower Stillwater congregation, Ohio, Dec. 27, 1909, aged 
si years, 11 months and 27 days. Services at Ft. McKinley 
by the Brethren. A. L. Kleplnger. 

plant, Bro. John, son of Martin and Luclnda Fiant, born near 
Ponnersville, Ind., April 1, 1835, died at the Brethren Home 
near Middletown, Ind.,. Jan. 4, 1910, aged 74 years and 9 
months. His illness was brief. He had been a faithful mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren about nine years. One 
. ro ther survives, his father, mother and two sisters having 
preceded him. Services by Bro. S. W. Payton. J. E. Fiant. 

Fisher Bro. Cornelius, son of Isaac and Sarah Fisher, born 
hi Miami County, Ind., Dec. 17, 1853, died at Mexico, Ind., 
npc 3 1909. aged 55 years, 11 months and 16 days. He was 
united' in marriage to Mary E. Miller April 23, 1876. To this 
mlon were born four children, all of whom survive. He re- 
sided at Mexico the greater part of his life. Sept. IS, 1877, 
lie united with the church and lived a consistent life. A 
widow and children remain. Services at Mexico, by Bro. 
I F Appelman, assisted by Eld. Frank Fisher. 

A. Laura Appelman. 

Fiantz, Bro. Leo M., son of Brother Daniel and Sister 
T vdia Frantz, born Jan. 15, 1887. died at his home in the 
hounds of the South Beatrice church, Nebr., Dec. 23, 1909, 
•iced 22 years, 11 months and 8 days. His death resulted from 
neritonitis. He underwent an operation, but survived only a 
few hours afterwards. A few days before he called for the 
elders and was anointed. His father, mother, two sisters 
nnd two brothers survive. He was always a regular attendant 
nt church. Services by Eld. James Gish, assisted by the 
Brethren. Text, Fsa. 119: 9. - Lydia Dell. 

Goens Chas. H„ son of Sister H. K. Garner, died in Kansas 
ritv Kans., Dec. 29, 1909, aged 36 years and 5 months. He 
leaves a wife, two children, mother. Ave brothers and two 
sisters He was a loving husband and father, and esteemed 
dv all who knew him. Services near Maywood. Kans. Text, 
i Pnr 15" 21, 22. Interment in cemetery near the church, 
1 c I. H. Crist. 

Hilbert, Sister Loretta. nee Swlnney, born Dec. 17, 1864, died 
I,, the bounds of the Pleasant View congregation. Tenn., July 
<n 1909 aged 44 years, 7 months and 14 days. She was mar- 
ried to John A. Hilbert Dec. 11, 1890. To this union were born 
nine children, two of whom preceded her. Sister Hilbert 
nrofessed Christ early in life and was a faithful member of 
the Brethren church until death. She was a mother and 
companion in every respect. Services by Brethren A. M. 
Laughrun and Robert Hilbert. N. T. Larimer. 

Hoover, Bro. Jacob, died Jan. 9, 1910, in the Green Mount 
congregation, Va., aged nearly eighty years. He leaves a 
wife and two sons. Services at Green Mount church by 
Eld J A Garber, assisted by Bro. I. C. Myers. Text, Psa. 
„:-l 6 : interment in Green Mount a"**™^ RncMe 

Keen?, Bro. George, born In York County, Pa., March 12, 
IS'S- died at his home in the bounds of the Codorus church, 
pa" Dec 1 1909, aged 87 years, 8 months and 19 days. His 
death was due to old age. He was married to Elizabeth 
Harble To this union were born one daughter and five sons, 
one of whom preceded him. Bro. Keeny was a faithful mem- 
ber of the church for a number of years. Services at the 
Codorus church, by Elders Jacob M. Myers and Albert Hol- 
lineer Text, Rev. 14: 13. Interment in the adjoining ceme- 
tery Samuel C. Godfrey. 

Keeny, Bro. Henry D., born Nov. 23, 1860. died in the bounds 
of the New Freedom church, Pa., Dec. 30, 1909, aged 49 years, 

1 month and 7 days. He was married to Susanna Price Feb. 
13 1887 To this union were born two sons and Ave daugh- 
ters One son preceded him sixteen years ago. He suffered 
from sarcoma for Ave months, and during that time under- 
went two operations in the Maryland General J Hospital ot 
Baltimore. He bore his Intense suffering patiently. Bro. 
Keenv united with the Brethren church twenty-two years ago 
and was much concerned about the service of his Master 
He was secretary and treasurer of the New Freedom Sunday 
school for a number of years. Services In the New Freedom 
church, Jan. 2, by Brethren Daniel Bowser, of York Pa, and 
D Y. Brillhart and J. M. Myers, of near Loganville Pa. Text, 

2 Tim. 4: 7, 8. - J - H - KeUer - 
Hi-eider, Bro. Herbert, son of Lawrence and Mlna Kreider, 

born near Painter Creek, Ohio, May 19. 1891, died near the 
same place, Nov. 26, 1909. aged 18 years, 6 months and 7 
davs. He was the eldest son of a family of six children. One 
brother preceded him. He had just completed Ills high school 
work and seemingly a bright future was before him. H s 
father, mother, brother and three sisters remain Se. vices 
by Elders Jesse Stutsman and Geo. Mohler. Interment in 
the Newcomer cemetery. Levi Minnich. 

Lilly Bro Chas, born March 1, 1834, died at his home In 
the bounds of the Pleasant View congregation Washington 
County, Tenn., after an illness of seven weeks, Dec. 29 1909 
aged 75 years, 9 months and 23 days. He was a member of 
the Brethren church for about fifty years and lived faithful 
until death. His widow survives. Services by Bro Edwards. 

Lula Lyon. 

Orr, Sister Mary Emma, of Plattsburg, Ho., youngest daugh- 
ter of Isaiah and Margaret Henrlcks. of Kidder, Mo born 
April 1, 1S7S. near Hamilton, Caldwell County. Mo., died Nov. 
24, 1909, aged 31 years. 7 months and 27 days. She was mar- 
ried to Willard Orr, of Plattsburg, Jan. 20, 1900. To this 
union were born two sons and one daughter. Sister On- 
united with the Brethren church at the age of fifteen years, 
and lived a faithful Christian life until death. She leaves 
an aged father, mother, brothers and sisters. Services at 
the Brethren church at Plattsburg. by Bro. J. E. EUenbergeV, 
of Polo. Mo. Text, Philpp. 1: 21. Laura B. Davis. 

Richards, Bro. Elmer J., born Jan. 12, 1877, died of con- 
sumption in the Little Brushy congregation. Mo., Oct. 5, 
1909, aged 32 years, 7 months and 24 days. He was anointed 
in September, after which his health improved somewhat. 
His wife, one child, an aged mother and two brothers sur- 
vive. Services by Eld. W. T, Price, near Poplar Bluff. In- 
terment in the Black Creek cemetery. Eve G. Price. 

Shepard, Sister Mary A., born in the State of New York, 
April 26. 1819. died at the home of her daughter, at Nehawka. 
Cass County, Nebr., Jan. 2. 1910, aged 90 years, S months 
and 6 days. Services by Eld. Burdlc of the United Brethren 
church. Jesse Y. Heckler. 

Snowden, Sister Eliza, widow of John Snowden, died at her 
home in Manchester, Kans., Dec. 28. 1909, aged 74 years, 3 
months and 3 days. She was a faithful member of the Church 
of the Brethren for more than fifty years. Three sons and 
four daughters survive. Services by Bro. E. N. Bradshaw, of 
Manchester. Interment at Talmage, Kans. 

Maggie Blonderfleld. 

Studebaker, Isaac, born in Bedford County, Pa., March 28, 
1829, died at the home of his only son, in Kansas City, Kans., 
Dec. 23, 1909, aged 80 years, 8 months and 25 days. Services at 
Olathe, Kans.. by the writer. Text, Job 19: 25, 26, which was 
his own choice. James Hardy. 

Summers, Sister Catherine, nee Bostetter, died Jan. 4, 1910. 
at the home of her nephew. Mr. Norman Holsinger, Broadford- 
ing, Md., of pneumonia, aged 67 years. Services by Brethren 
D. R. Retry and S. D. Hartranff. Text, Eecl. 9: 10. Inter- 
ment in Broadfording cemetery. Nannie A. Martin. 

Taylor, Martin, born Sept. 10, 1876, in Spencer County. Ind.. 
died at the Bellville Hospital, Muscatine, Iowa, Dec. 15, 1909. 
aged 33 years. 3 months and 3 days. During his youth he 
went with his parents to Missouri, and from there he came 
to Muscatine with his family in 1906. He was taken with 
typhoid pneumonia Dec. 4, and on the 11th was removed to 
the hospital. He leaves a wife and four children. Services 
at the home, by the writer. Text, Heb. 13: 14. 

T. A. Robinson. 

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This calendar Is endorsed by the lead- 
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proved very helpful wherever used. As 
a Christmas gift from teacher to pupil 
It is extensively used. Many schools 
distribute them at the Christmas season 
to every scholar. They are especially 
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In addition to the International Dally 
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Elgin. ZLUnol* 


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Elgin, Illinois 

The 1910 



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Elgin, Illinois 

His Life 

A complete story of the life of 
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complete- harmony of the Gospels In a 
single narrative, giving what each of 
the four gospel writers has recorded In 
I'hronologlcal order. 

Price, paper, 90.13 

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The accompanying cut shows a 
reduced fae-slmlle of one page of 
our 1910 Sunday School Lcsbou 
Btble Chart. Size, 13x20 inches. 
60 pages. When hung on the wall 
the larger print can bo read ;it a 
distance of 10 to 16 feet. The 
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sonle of the headings are printed 
In red— the rest in blue, it contains 
all of the Sunday-School Lesson* 
for 1910, Each page contains the 
full text of one 01 the lessons 

The Golden Text, the Home K I- 

Ings, Three Teaching Polnl . Sub 

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Books or the Bible are arranged 
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are 4 pages of songs, Pour songs 
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Bead what some of the leading 
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Marion Lawrance, Gene 

relary of the In 


of all : 

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1. It keeps the lesson before you the entire week. 2. The Teaching 
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is to teach" Rffi ana others. 3. It Is attractive to old ud rout* , and gives 
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It will awaken a relish for further study. 
PRICE, Postpaid, .... 
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Elgin, Illinois 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1910. 

(Continued from Page 61.) 
3a»genriHo church organized her Sunday school for the 
year, with Brethren A. J. Miller and J. L. Driver as superin- 
tendents, and Bro. Edgar Caricofe, secretary for the quarter. 
Christian Workers' meeting was reorganized, with Bro. A. J. 
Miller, president, and Sister Fannie Caricofe, secretary. We 
had preaching services at Sangerville on Christmas Day. con- 
ducted by Bro. Adam IT. Miller, of Bolar, Va. — Annie R. Mil- 
ler, Sangerville, Va., Jan. 12. 

Centrolift church met in council, with Eld. Stiverson pre- 
siding. Considerable business came before the meeting. Sun- 
day school was reorganized for the next six month?, with Bro. 
Ezra Whtsler, superintendent, and Sister Bertha Deeter, secre- 
tary. Christian Workers' meeting was also reorganized with 
Bro. Joe Myers, president, and Sister Ada Hylton, secretary. 
Bro M. P. Woods was chosen presiding elder for the coming 
year.— Anna Myers, Centralia, Wash., Jan. 1. 

East Wenatchee church met In council Jan. 8. Much busi- 
ness came before the meeting. Eld. A. B. Peters was chosen 
our elder for another year. Bro. O. V. Sellers was elected 
trustee; Bro. J. C. Sperllne, treasurer; Sister Geo. Buntain, 
Messenger agent. Sunday-school officers were elected for 
six months, with Bro. W. E. Buntain, superintendent. The 
writer was called to the deacon's office and, with his wife, was 
installed. It was decided to put a basement under the 
church Four were received by letter and letters were granted 
to a minister and his wife. Eld. J. S. Secrist, of Olympia, 
was present, and assisted in the work. Jan. 9 Bro. Chas. N. 
Stutsman, of Seattle, gave us two sermons. — J. C. Sperllne, 
Wenatchee, Wash., Jan. 10. 

Tacoma. — On the evening of Dec. 29 the Tacoma church met 
In council. The Sunday school was reorganized by electing 
Bro. A. E. Musser, superintendent, and Sister Eva Shockley, 
secretary. Yesterday afternoon we went to Lake Spanaway, 
where a young man was burled In holy baptism. He had not 
known of the church till he met the members here In the 
city. The writer expects to commence a revival meeting in 
the Olympia church next Sunday evening, and one in the 
Stiverson church about the first of February. Following 
these we want to hold a revival meeting, here In the city, 
on East Sixty-fourth Street. Bro. Miller and wife, of North 
Dakota, are here, visiting their daughter, Sister Mabel Thomas. 
We want to build our Mission house in the early spring. The 
Lord is blessing the work here.— J. U. G. Stiverson, 712 South 
Fifty-second Street, Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 3. 

% German Settlement. — The Bible term at the Maple Spring 
house, beginning on Christmas Day and closing Jan. 2, was 
• interesting and full of spirituality. Though disappointed 
in not having Eld. J. K. Baker with us, Bro. J. W. Beeghley 
very ably filled his place during one period each day. Eld D. 
B. Arnold being present, also filled his place and preached for 
us each evening, so far as the weather permitted. We had 
to miss three days on account of drifted roads. According 
to the recommendation of Annual Meeting we observed New 
Year's Day as a day of special prayer. It was decided to 
hold another Bible term during the year. The committee 
Is composed of Brethren Lorenzo H. Fike, John S. Fike, Sey- 
mour Hamstead, Albert S. Arnold and Washington Fike. — 
Maggie E. Arnold, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 8. 

Spruce Bon church met in council Jan. 8, with Bro. Hutch- 
ison presiding. Sunday school was reorganized for the coming 
year, with Bro. W. H. H. Fleshman and wife, superintendents, 
and Sister Mary Bradley, secretary. Our school will be ever- 
green. Bro. D. C. Naff visited us Jan. 8 and gave us two able 
discourses. Eld. Hutchison's wife, who has been serious- 
ly ill, has slightly improved. Our prayers are in her be- 
half. — Lena B. Fleshman, Linside, W. Va., Jan. 10. 

Wiles Hill church met in council Nov. 17, with our elder, 
Bro. Jasper Barnthouse, presiding. Sunday school was re- 
organized, with Sister Alice Maust as superintendent. The 
Mt. Unfon school was reorganized with Bro. Wm. Hamilton as 
superintendent. A considerable amount of business came be- 
fore the meeting. The secretary was authorized to secure the 
services of an evangelist for the next series of meetings. 
Brethren Arthur Bailey and Ezra Wolfe, with their wives, 
were Installed in the office of deacon. The building of our 
new churchhouse has been delayed on account of bad weather, 
but the work will be resumed as soon as possible. — James F. 
Hamilton, Morgantown, W. Va., Jan. 10. 
Barron -church met In council Dec. 28, Eld. Byer presiding, 
assisted by Bro. Samuel Baker. Bro. Byer was retained as 
elder for the coming year. The Sunday school was re- 
organized with Sister Rosy Wolf as superintendent. A Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting was organized, with Sister Lena 
Wagoner as president. Bro. David Wolf was advanced to the 
second degree of the ministry. Our two weeks' series of 
meetings began Sunday morning. Bro. D. Wolf delivered two 
excellent sermons on Sunday, followed by Bro. S. Baker Mon- 
day and Tuesday evenings. Bro. Byer then ■ continued the 
meetings until Sunday, Jan. 9. The meetings closed with a 
full house. Stormy weather and drifted roads hindered con- 
siderably. Needed repairs were made on our meetinghouse. 
The sisters' aid society has been reorganized and is well pre- 
pared to continue their work. So far as we know, the Brethren 
church here has more communicants than any other country 
church near us. We would gladly welcome resident mem- 
bers, especially ministers. If there is any one passing near 
us who could give us a series of meetings, we would be glad 
to correspond with him. — C. L. Salsbury, Barron, Wis., Jan. 12. 
Lower Cumberland. — Bro. S. K. Fike, of Cordova, Md., be- 
gan a series of meetings at the Baker house Dec. 18, continu- 
ing until Jan. 2. He preached nineteen sermons. A number 
applied for membership, two of whom were baptized on the 
9th. Others will receive the rite In the near future. Jan. 2 
the Christian Workers in Mechanicsburg, Pa, reorganized for 
the ensuing year as follows: Bro. Adam Hollinger, president; 
Sister Grace A. Byers, secretary. — Clarence E. Long, Me- 
chanicsburg, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Faint Creek church met In council on Saturday, Jan. S, the 
meeting having been postponed two weeks because the regular 
time would have fallen on Christmas Day. Our elder, Bro. 
Ruff, presided. Two letters were received and two granted. 
Sister Annie Richards was chosen solicitor for the Home Mis- 
sion Fund. — Pauline Moberley, R. D. 1, Redfield, Kans., Jan. 

Grundy County.— The church at Ivester is In the midst of 
an Interesting Bible school, conducted by Bro. J. G. Royer. 
Last Sunday occurred the funeral of our minister, Bro. Silas 
Gilbert. Bro. A. P. Blough, of Waterloo, conducted the serv- 
ices. On account of his health, our elder, Bro. J. H. Cakerlce, 
moved to Abilene, Kans. The loss of our ministers is felt 
very much. — Hannah Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa, Jan. 15. 

Notice to the Churches of Southern Illinois. — The officers of 
the last district meeting have decided that the district meet- 
ing of 1310 is to be held in the Cerro Gordo church. — Geo W 
Miller, Secretary, La Place, 111., Jan. 15. 

Germantown church met in quarterly council Jan. 4. One 
letter was granted. Sunday-school officers were elected for 
the year. The Sunday school gave a Christmas exercise Dec. 
29, rendered by the small children to a crowded house. We 
are made to see, quite frequently, that our churchhouse is 
becoming too small to accommodate our people. We expect 
Bro. W. R. Miller, of Chicago, with us one week in February 
—Annie Swigart, 6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa 
Jan. 15. 

Troplco. — Jan. 9, at 11 A. M-, Bro. D. W. Crist, of Los 
Angeles, delivered an Inspiring sermon for U3 on "Some of 
the Needs of the Church Today." After this service two 
young men, who had come out the previous Sunday, were bap- 
tized. In the evening, after our Christian Workers' meeting. 
Bro. M. M. Eshelman taught us on the subject of "The 
Doctrines of the Church of the Brethren." Several families 
of members are moving in our midst, and we are much en- 
couraged with their help. Our desire is to do good work 
for the Master. — Lucinda Stutsman, Glendale, Cal., Jan. 13. 

Joplln The writer Is In the midst of an Interesting re- 
vival in the Joplln Mission. There is one applicant, and pros- 
pects are good for more. — R. Wyatt, Joplln, Mo., Jan. 13. 

Wichita, — Bro. C. S. Garber is here In the West Side Mis- 
sion, holding a revival. Eight dear souls have expressed their 
willingness to unite with us. The little Free Methodist 
church, where the meetings are held, Is often full to over- 
flowing. In spite of inclement weather. — Susie Jacques, 1109 
Wfibnsh Avenue, Wichita, Kans., Jan. 14. 


Thanksgiving Day we remembered the general mission 
with a collection of $5.00, and the Des Moines Valley 
church remembered us with a Thanksgiving offering to 
be used to help the poor. The day before Christmas a 
good brother from the Illinois side drove up with some 
of the things we need, and said he did not know whether 
we would be remembered for the occasion. As he wanted 
to help the Mission, he gave me a ten-dollar bill. Another 
good-hearted brother, from Cameron, Mo., who visited us, 
desired to help a little in the mission work, and gave me 
a five-dollar bill. A poor man was taken sick and in a 
few days his spirit departed, leaving an almost destitute 
wife and four children. By the kindness of friends we 
made up $50.05, to keep the county from having to bury 
him. Today we received a supply of clothing from the 
Panther Creek sisters' aid society, which will gladden 
some poor souls that are in need, these cold winter days. 
Our aim is to do the most possible good with what is re- 
ceived. T. A. Robinson. 

1311 Cedar St.,'Box 463, Muscatine, Iowa, Jan. 9. 


There are nine ministers in the Peters Creek congre- 
gation. These, with their companions, except two, met 
Dec. 28 in a ministers' meeting. 

The first topic was discussed by Bro. N. H. Garst. In 
accepting the call to the ministry one should know (a) 
The source of the call; (b) the field of labor; (c) himself. 
Among other good things he said that the call is from 
God through the church. The field is the world. We 
should be willing to go wherever he directs. We are 
very weak without him. It is all failure. He is our 
strength. " My grace is sufficient for thee, for my 
strength is made perfect in weakness" (2 Cor. 12; 7). 

The second topic was, "The Minister's Power: (a) In- 
dividual Preparation; (b) Inspiration." Bro. J. H. Wim- 
mer spoke on this and showed the importance of Bible 
study and inspiration by the Holy Ghost. 

The next was an essay, read by Sister Margie Garst, 
on "How Can the Minister's Wife Be Helpful to Him, 
Encourage Him, Prepare for Him to Go and Be will- 
ing to Sacrifice? " 

The importance of the pastoral visit was emphasized 
by Bro. C. F. Webster. Bro. D. W. Roberts told us 
some means by which we can increase the attendance 
at our regular services. Others took part in the general 
discussion, and, after being together for two hours, we 
adjourned to meet July 4, 1910. We felt that it was good 
to be there. Sina L. Garst. 

Salem, Va., Jan. 10. 


Doubtless, most of you will remember that at last An- 
nual Conference, held at Harrisonburg; Va., the ques- 
tion of effecting an organization of the " Sisters' Aid 
Societies" of the Brotherhood was considered. The offi- 
cers elected constitute a committee to formulate plans 
for a permanent organization and to arrange a program 
for a meeting at the next Annual Conference. 

The secretary met with the president at the home of 
the latter, at Washington, D. C, where the committee's 
work was considered. Vice-president, Sister Elizabeth 
Howe-Brubaker, could not meet with us, but was con- 
sulted by letter, and gave some helpful suggestions. ■ 

We are desirous of knowing the number of societies 
in the Brotherhood, and something of the work done by 
them. As we have no means of coming in touch with 
the various local organizations, except through the Mes- 
senger, and as no funds have been provided to carry on 
correspondence, we have prepared a list of questions for 
publication, which we kindly ask each society to answer. 

Allow us to insist that you give the following ques- 
tions prompt attention. We shall appreciate it, and be- 
lieve it will result in good for others: 

1. Give name of District and" congregation. 

2. Give names of president and secretary of your society. 

3. Give number enrolled in your society. 

4. Does your society meet weekly or monthly? 

5. Is your work local or general, or both? 

Send answers to above questions and any other help- 
ful information, to the secretary, Sister T. S. Moherman, 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Mrs. W. D. Keller, President. 

Mrs. T. S. Moherman, Secretary. 







A carefully pre- 
pared list of topics 
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Splendid outlines 1 
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Satan and the Saint 


The Present Darkness 
and the Coming Light 


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Elgin, IU. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 49. 

Elgin, 111., January 29, 1910. 

No. 5. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. ervation of this royal tomb until the twentieth cen- 

nditortai, — tury after Christ is a most remarkable occurrence. 

Churches in the San Joaquin Valley (D. L. M.) 73 . - . 

The Temptation ot Jesus (H. o. E.) 73 The glimpse, thus given, of the royal burial customs 

SSrMliU n to P m„e?'MVv^ti;":".:;:::U::::""":?J oi twenty-three hundred years ago, is interesting in- 

What Women can Do 74 deed. Once more the archaeologist has been richly re- 

Sending Flowers 74 

Essays,— warded for his arduous research. 

Tliey Desire a Better Country. By Jesse D. Mohler, ..66 

Gather the Children In. By S. Z. Sharp 66 , . ' . 

The Primitive Fathers on Dress. By Daniel Hays, ..67 WITH their final commitment to prison, t\VO noted 

sSrY?aTf7 e r f e S;; r ° y y °f m L M Q„Cr'.:::::e7 operators in "high finance," Chas. W. Morse, of New 

The Baptism of Fire. By Noah Longanecker 68 York, and John R. Walsh, of Chicago, have learned 

Intercessions. By Ezra Flory 68 ■• " 

Revivals in the Church. By F. H. Crumpacker, 68 that the way 01 the transgressor IS hard. though, 

ihfSltn n w.rdVt,rrB» 1. ■*: owing to ample means, they were able to fight off the 

The Bonna Table,— final verdict to the last minute, in the end they had to 

Just a Little Cloud.— M. M. Eshelman. Ministerial Meet- , , . " 

iI)&s .__j ame3 a. Sell, a Treasure.— i. n. h. Beahm. yield to the inevitable, and submit to the penalty pro- 
Downward or Upward — Which? — M. G. Gibble. Fear v idfH hv liw fnr rirh -inH nnnr alikp TIip nlrl crrin 
the Lord.— Ida M. Helm. Going to Law.— Fred A. V3Gea D y law tor ncn ana P oor allKe - ine olu ^np- 

Fiora .70 tural precept still holds good, " Be sure your sin will 

Home an am y,— ^ n ^ out." While we may, in this life, delay pun- 

Success Maxims of a Millionaire. What I Saw at the ■> ■> ' > ■> i 

Depot. — d. h. Baker 71 ishment by the use of ample means, nothing will avail 

™" H°oT' N ^vf?St7a„s Give. The outlook .„ the i" that great day when the Judge of all the earth 

Kongo. New Forces in Ola china. The strangers justly and definitely determines the destiny of every 

"Within the Gates. In Earnest About Missions. Chris- , , 

tianity's Prospects in Turkey. Kentucky — A Needy human SOUl. 

c leld. — Virgil C. Finnell. Convention at Agra, India. — , .,_,,_, 

w. b. stover 75 At the recent convention of the Student Volunteer 

Temperance selections,— Movement, at Rochester, N. Y.,— already referred to 

A Policeman s Testimony. Those Who Drink Are Dead. ' ' J 

Liquid Bread. Saved His Hand 76 j n a previous issue, — it was stated that the total iium- 

ber of volunteers wdio have sailed to foreign fields as 

A R O UN D THE WORLD missionaries since the beginning of the movement in 

mjtmjM — ^~u — i — o~w~~~<~~~~~~™. ~~a~~ 1S86, is 4,346. The last annual contribution was 

A practical demonstration of the real value of 5127,000, of which $10,000 was given by students of 
local option is afforded by the experience of Justice of Ya]e College, and $3,400 by the young women of 
the Peace Frisbie, of Hillsdale, Mich. He recently V assar. The British Ambassador, James Bryce, in 
tendered his resignation, assigning as the reason that a st ; rring address reminded his audience that nine- 
since the closing of saloons he finds himself without te nths of the habitable earth is now under control of 
any business that would make the office either profit- « . ca u e d Christian powers, and that this very fact lays 
able or in any way desirable. There being no cases responsible duties upon each Christian. He deplored 
of drunkenness, vagrancy, or disorderliness, so com- the g row j n g tendency to worldliness among professed 
mon under saloon influences, his business is practically Christians, and urged his hearers to offer greater re- 
gone. What little there is left, he says, can readily be s j stance a g a inst the commercialism and mammon vvor- 
attended to by the other official still remaining. Such sm - p s0 painfully prevalent today. 

incidents teach their own lessons, and teach them elo- 

quently. The 350,000 Sunday-school teachers, connected 

New Zealand, in many respects, has made far with the Methodist Episcopal church throughout the 
greater advancement in measures pertaining to the United States, are to be instructed in better and more 
common good of the people, than many of the coun- uniform methods of teaching, by means of a thorough 
tries laying claim to a higher degree of enlightenment, correspondence course, according to the plans recently 
Labor troubles are so readily adjusted that strikes are formulated by a committee. While this is, perhaps, 
practically unknown. Now begging and vagrancy are the first attempt to apply the correspondence method 
receiving needed attention. Hereafter no citizen of »> the individual training of teachers, it is thought to 
New Zealand is to beg. If really needing help, and be practical and effective. The high degree of excel- 
able to work, employment will be provided. If unable lence that the Methodist people are endeavoring to 
to work, a pension of $130 per year will supply his reach, by the proposed effort, is just as necessary for 
absolute necessities. New Zealand's interest in the the Church of the Brethren. If the Sunday school is 
welfare of its citizens is in accordance with the spirit to do the best and most effectual work for our church, 
of New Testament precepts, and highly commendable, we must have trained teachers, and a uniform and 
systematic course within the reach of every teacher 

Flavius Arrian, the biographer of Alexander the st:re ly ought to prove highly advantageous. The mat- 
Great, refers in his writings to the tomb of Cyrus, t er is well deserving our most careful thought. 

describing it as having been restored by Alexander. 

Cyrus, as will be remembered, was the founder of The recent renunciation of theater life by Frail 

the Persian Empire and in the Bible is mentioned in Hedwig Wangel, described as " an eminent German 
connection with Daniel and the contemporaneous his- actress," is causing considerable stir among her many 
tory of that time. The recent discovery of a tomb, friends and admirers. Some weeks ago she happened 
south of the citadel mound at Susa, the old-time capi- to drop into a Salvation Army meeting, where the 
tal, seems to present characteristics that correspond gospel message so powerfully affected her that then and 
closely to the description given by Arrian, and authori- there she resolved to follow in the footsteps of the 
ties agree that likely this is the last resting place of Master, and to leave the stage forever. Declaring that 
the great conqueror. The fine bronze coffin contains her " further connection with the shameful vocation " 
a skeleton, evidently of some one in high station, as was now ended, she entreated her former associates to 
attested by the bracelets of solid gold and other jewel- follow her example. Heeding neither the remon- 
ry of great value and magnificence. Arrian testifies strances of friends and husband, she gladly sacrificed 
that Alexander closed the tomb of Cyrus and securely fame and fortune, in order to follow the leadings of 
sealed it. As this tomb has only recently been brought the Spirit. Her utter condemnation of the theater, in 

to light, it is evident that special pains were taken by every shape and form, ought to be accepted as conclu- 
Alexander effectually to conceal it, or it could not sive testimony against the corrupting influence of the 

have escaped the spoilers who, for centuries, have stage. Mrs. Wangel's intimate knowledge of theat- 

ravaged the tombs and palaces of the East. The pres- rical affairs enables her to speak with authority. 

The floods in France, — the most extensive for a 
number of years, — are proving disastrous to a great 
part of the country. Paris and vicinity, however, 
seems to be affected more severely than other sections 
of the country. Under date of Jan. 24 most threaten- 
ing conditions are reported, as the Seine is still rising, 
and it is now feared that most of the city will be 
Hooded, to the great destruction of life and property. 
Thousands of families in Paris and elsewhere are 
homeless, and already the Government has voted 
$400,000 for the relief of the sufferers. The Red 
Cross Society is also taking active measures to aid the 
needy ones. 

Notwithstanding the rapid advance of explora- 
tion in various parts of the globe, it is estimated that 
about 20,000,000 square miles of the earth's surface 
remain as yet untouched. The largest unexplored 
area is in Africa, 6,500,000 miles, but even North 
America contains 1,500,000 square miles of virgin ter- 
ritory. While the facts referred to are, perhaps, some- 
what surprising, it is stranger still that but few of u: 
really know the full extent of our own individual 
iclves. We are not fully aware of all our weaknesses 
and frailties, so as more readily to overcome them, nor 
do we appreciate our capabilities and possibilities for 
loftier ideals. Happy is he who becomes a Columbus 
to his own better self, in the discovery of powers for 
hitherto unattained, noble achievements ! 

Investigating committees and relief workers who 
have studied the situation of the bereft widows and 
children at the ill-fated mining town, Cherry, 111., re- 
port that the conditions in the little town are much 
better than expected. The religion and morals of the 
people have helped them to recover from the serious 
shock of the calamity, and that, too, without endeavor- 
ing, as was feared, to drown their sorrows in drink. 
Since the fatal Nov. 13 there has not been a suicide, 
murder or robbery. Of the sixteen saloons in the 
town, three closed their doors at once, and six others 
will close Feb. 1. The two churches, Roman Catholic 
and Congregational, report increased attendance. 
Many, who had never before been regular attendants, 
now find much comfort in religious services. The re- 
lief of immediate needs at Cherry has been, upon the 
whole, most excellent. The people are well fed, prop- 
erly clothed and well housed. Arrangements are now 
being made by which the future needs of dependent 
v/idows and children may be permanently and judi- 
ciously met, out of the relief funds still on hand. 

More than a hundred years ago President Jefferson 
in his first inaugural message, expressed the hope that 
the postage on newspapers might be removed " to 
facilitate the progress of information." He probably 
placed a fairly just valuation on the educative power 
of the press, undeveloped at it was in that early day. 
Most surprising it is, therefore, that in these latter 
days the recently-reported deficit, alleged to be caused 
by the carrying of newspapers and magazines at the 
rate of one cent per pound, as now prevailing, should 
cause so serious a disturbance in administrative circles. 
It is even urged that the rate be increased, in order 
to make that branch of the service self-sustaining. 
Such an increase would, undoubtedly, be almost pro- 
hibitive to many publishers, and manifestly unfair, 
since a large part of the receipts for letter postage is 
directly attributable to the stimulus of newspapers and 
magazines. On the other hand, why should anyone 
insist that the Postoffice Department, with all its direct 
benefits to the people, be entirely self-sustaining, while 
the War Department which annually consumes mul- 
tiplied millions, — over one-third of the entire Govern- 
ment income,— does not yield an iota of revenue ? 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1910. 


imto God, ft workman that needcth not 
dividiiis the Word of Truth. 1 ' 

I Thank Thee, God, for Weal and Woe. 

I tliank thee, God! for all I've known 

Of kindly fortune, health and joy; 
And quite as gratefully I own 

The bitter drops of life's alloy. 
Oh! there was wisdom in the blow 

That wrung the sad and scalding tear; 
That laid my dearest idol low, 

And left my bosom lone and drear. 

I thank thee, God, for all of smart 

That thou hast sent me; for not in vain 
Has been the heavy, aching heart, 

The sigh of grief, the throb of pain. 
What, if my cheek had ever kept 

Its healthful color, glad and bright? 
What, if my eyes had never wept 

Throughout a long and sleepless night? 

Then, then, perchance my soul had not 
Remembered there were paths less fair; 

And, selfish in my own blest lot, 

Ne'er sought to soothe another's care. 

But when the weight of sorrow found 

My spirit prostrate and resigned. 
The anguish of the bleeding wound 

Taught me to feel for all mankind. 
Even as from the sore-wounded tree, 

The goodly, precious balm will pour; 
So in the riven heart there'll be 

Mercy that never flowed before. 
'Tis well td learn that sunny hours 

May quickly change to mournful shade; 
'Tis well to prize life's scattered flowers. 

Yet be prepared to see them fade. 
I thank thee, God, for weal and woe, 

And whatsoe'er the trial be; 
'Twill serve to wean me from below. 

And bring my spirit nigher thee. 
Moines, Iowa. 


They Desire a Better Country. 


At this writing the mails are again bringing glowing 
descriptions of new countries that are ready for the 
tide of emigration that will soon begin. Year after 
year the season of restlessness is made more so by the 
glowing inducements offered by those whose business 
it is to exploit new countries. The Dakotas, the north- 
western States, Canada, California, Texas, and even 
Old Mexico, have been found fruitful fields for emi- 
grant agents to exploit, and we do not question the 
thousands who have found profitable investments 
among them. 

However, we notice special appeals are made to our 
ministers, and some have become so interested in gov- 
ernment lands, good investments, and new homes, that 
they have forgotten much of what has been told them 
of a better country. Let us think, for a time, of the 
inducements that are offered so freely to the Lord's 

Just where the heavenly country is located, we can- 
not tell. It is too large to locate, as we would a 
county or State. We know that the Lord told Abra- 
ham to look " toward heaven and tell the stars " (Gen. 
15:5). We understand, then, that heaven is beyond 
the stars. Paul in 2 Cor. 12 : 2 had the same idea when 
he said he was caught up into the third heaven. 

Again, when Stephen was being stoned, he looked 
up into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus 
standing on the right hand of God (Acts 7: 55). The 
brightness of the stars, then, and the immensity of 
their swing, is but small, compared with the glory and 
vastness of the land where we have our citizenship 
and where our homes are waiting for us. 

Certain things have characterized every new land 
exploited. So, too, does our heavenly country offer 
inducements known to none other. Above all things 
it is a kingdom of love, ruled over by a loving Savior 
(Eph. 5: 5), and is God's throne (Matt. 5:34). There 
is no other place like that to which we can look. 

Neither is it beyond our reach, for we learn, in Matt. 
18: 10, that our angels are there, beholding the face of 
our Father which is in heaven. In Rev. 8:3, 4 we 

learn that an angel offers our prayers with incense to 
God. Those angels, too, are ministering spirits to 
those who are heirs of salvation (Heb. 1: 14). Oh! 
wonderful arrangement of God, in providing that 
which man could not do, nor conceive of doing 1 

Many new countries require residence for a time and 
the presence of the claimant, to secure a home in their 
borders, but not so with our land of promise. Luke 
10:20 tells us that our names are written there, and 
we know that only by our misconduct can they be 
erased. In Matt. 5:12 we find that our reward is 

Earthly claimants sometimes find that they have not 
fully complied with the law of the land. They lose 
their rights, even after paying much money to their at- 
torney. Our spiritual privileges are more secure. 
If we come short of our duties, we have an Advocate 
with the Father, Jesus Christ the. Righteous (1 John 
2 : 1 ), for he is even now at the right hand of God, 
making intercession for us (Heb. 7:25). 

An immigration agent is often asked if his country 
is a place of good health. In that respect there is no 
country like ours, for nothing can even enter it that 
defileth. That portion of ourselves, upon which dis- 
ease preys,— the flesh,— will be left behind when we 
enter that country. We almost hesitated to mention 
this fact, because so many people will be disappointed 
when they realize that the works of the flesh and the 
pleasures of this life must remain behind, to be con- 
sumed with the world. 

But we must represent all things fairly, and the only 
way to avoid disappointment is to set our affections on 
things above and not on things below. We often won- 
der how the church member will feel who cannot en- 
joy the service of God's house on earth, but enjoy 
Sunday better by walking through the fields, to see 
how the crops are doing, and looking at the stock, and 
giving them a little extra attention. Think of it! An 
eternity of praise service, and no stock, no farms, no 
money, no Sunday newspapers or enlivening enter- 
tainments ! Just like going to church all the time. Oh, 
how the real saints will enjoy that ! 

Turning, again, to the good things awaiting us, we 
see that God is the temple of heaven (Rev. 21:22). 
How precious that will be to the heart that thrills with 
joy, when God meets with his children in their earthly" 
service of praise! To such people darkness will, in- 
deed, be passed away, for the Lamb will be to them 
a bright and shining light, more so, even, than in this 
life, for they shall see him as he is. 

Some church members rarely attend God's services 
when they think the attendance will be small. Such 
may not get to appreciate the multitudes of redeemed 
in heaven, but those who are more careful to fill their 
place in bad weather, Sundays, and when there " will 
not'be many out " will specially enjoy the " nations of 
saved " (Rev. 21 : 22). Likewise those, who think less 
of the honor among men of the church than of its 
power to save souls, may enjoy more the " glory of the 
kings of the earth " that shall be brought into that 
city (Rev. 21:24). 

This world would probably have been good enough 
for us were it not for Satan's power, but God has pro- 
vided that Satan cannot enter that beautiful world be- 
yond, for we read in Rev. 21 : 27 that " there shall in 
no wise enter into it anything that defileth, neither 
whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie ; but 
they which are written in the Lamb's book of life." 
That being true, the tempter will no more try those 
who have overcome the world. There will then be no 
more sin, no remorse, no sorrows, but God shall wipe 
away all tears. The guardian angel of the gate of 
Eden will no longer prevent man from partaking of 
the fruit of the tree of life, but that tree will be in the 
midst of the street of the city of the New Jerusalem, 
and its leaves will be for the healing of the nations 
that death may nevermore claim its victims among 
the redeemed. 

This tree of life, on either bank of the river of life, 
which floweth from the throne of the Lamb, will never 
fade nor wither, neither will its partakers grow old or 
infirm ; but may continue uninterruptedly, as the river 
itself, to be fountains of joy and life throughout all 
eternity, growing richer in heavenly experiences with 

each repetition of service before God's throne, even as 
do the saints on earth. 
Warrensburg, Mo. 


Gather the Children 


In my travels among the churches I am strongly 
impressed with the idea that we should make a special 
effort to gather in all the children from ten to fifteen 
years of age whose parents are members and as many 
of our neighbor's children as we can, in a legitimate 
way. About three-fourths of our recruits to the church 
come from the children in the Sunday schools, and 
there we must turn our attention for the future growth 
of the church. 

Children must be taught and prepared for the king- 
dom. Whether they will enter our church or not, de- 
pends principally upon their early training, I know 
families of ministers, and even elders, with three to 
seven children grown up and none in the church, while 
other ministers, with ten or more children, rejoice in 
having them all in the church. The difference lies in 
the teaching and in the effort put forth to get them 
into the church when young. 

No one dare say that the children are not under bet- 
ter influence in the church than in the world. Then, 
why not try to get them in? Why should we let the 
world train them to walk on the broad way, in the hope 
that they will be better prepared for the narrow way? 
The idea is radically wrong. 

The church must work through the parents and Sun- 
day-school teachers, as well as by her ministers to gain 
this desired object. Every parent should regard the 
child as a candidate for the kingdom as soon as it 
enters the family, and the religious training should be 
with that end in view. " Bring up your children in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord " is a direct com- 
mand to every parent. 

The next step in preparing the children for the 
church is for each Sunday-school teacher to make thai 
the special object of teaching. It is admitted that the 
Sunday school is the nursery of the church, and that 
from its number 'must be filled the ranks of the church, 
depleted by death or defection. 

This fact places a great responsibility upon the offi- 
cers and teachers of the Sunday school. First, to get 
the children regularly into the Sunday school ; secondly, 
to teach them " the first principles of the doctrine of 
Christ — repentance from dead works, faith toward 
God, of the doctrine of baptisms, and laying on of 
hands," etc. 

The faithful teacher makes every lesson an opportu- 
nity to instill some gospel principles into the minds of 
his scholars. Slowly but surely the children will 
" grow in grace and in the knowledge of the truth." 
Then, when properly instructed, in our opinion, it will 
not be wrong to speak to them of a decision day. Why 
should not every child decide for Christ, before the 
world gets it entangled in its meshes? Every child is 
safer in the church than in the world. 

Never intimate that children might not hold out 
faithfully. Teach them to place themselves fully into 
the hands of Christ. Read to them John 10:28: 
" I give unto them eternal life ; and they shall never 
perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my 
hands." Teach them implicit confidence in the prom- 
ises of God. Such teaching is strictly in harmony with 
Christ's great commission (Matt 28: 19). 

After such careful teaching, then, at proper inter- 
vals, there should be revival meetings. These meetings 
should, primarily, revive the members themselves. All 
differences between members being removed, all should 
engage heartily in the song, prayer and preaching serv- 
ices. Such interest will be contagious, and affect 
those not members. Then, if no evangelist, sound in 
the faith, has been secured, let the home ministers do 
the preaching, all the members lending their heartiest 
support. Do not stop the meetings too soon. Organ- 
ized, persistent effort will tell in the end. 

Let not the parents say that their children are too 
young when they have reached the age of ten years. 
We could tell some most distressing stories of parents 
who committed this folly. " Suffer the children to 
come unto me and forbid them not," is the Savior's 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1910. 


strong rebuke to those who stand between their own 
children and the Savior. Once in a while a lamb may 
go astray, but it is infinitely better to have the lambs 
with the sheep than among the wolves. Gather the 
children in 1 
Fruita, Colo. 

— ■ ■ ■♦■ « 

The Primitive Fathers on Dress. 


The Primitive Fathers, in their writings and coun- 
cils, put the same construction upon the Scriptures re- 
ferring to dress as the Brethren have done during the 
last two centuries. 

1. The Head Uncovered for Men. — Chrysostom's 
comment on 1 Cor. 11:4, 5 shows clearly that Chris- 
tian men should pray with their head uncovered, and 
that this was the practice of his own time, as well as 
of the Apostolic age (Homily on 1 Corinthians.) Ter- 
tullian (Apol., C. 30) says that Christian men prayed 
with bare head, as having no need to conceal a blush, 
insinuating that the heathen might well blush for some 
of the prayers which they uttered ; and Cyprian says 
(De Lapsis, C. 2) that the head of a Christian was un- 
contaminated by the head-covering of the heathen 

2. The Head Veil for Women. — On the other hand, 
as the Apostolic precept (1 Cor. 11:5-16) as well as 
the custom of the east, made it indecent for women to 
be seen with uncovered head, the women of the Ori- 
ental and African churches covered their heads not 
only in the congregation, but generally when they ap- 
peared in public. Chrysostom, in his homily on 1 Cor. 
11, refers to the head veil for women as a law which 
the "whole world had both received and kept." Ter- 
tnllian, in his treatise, " Virginibus Vclandis," contends 
that not only matrons but maidens should cover their 
heads effectually. He is especially severe on those 
who wore a simple band or fillet, which did not cover 
the top of the head, or laid a mere slip of linen on the 
top of the head, which did not reach even to the ears. 
He insists that the veil or head-covering should at any 
rate come down to meet the top of the dress (Ch. 17). 

3. Jewelry and Worldly Fashions. — Clement of 
Alexandria condemns all kinds of dye for that which is 
but the covering of man's shame, all gold and jewelry, 
all over-nice plaiting of the hair, or decoration of the 
face. He will none of cloth of gold, or Indian silk, 
the product of a poor worm turned to purposes of 
pride; still less of those fine materials which display 
what they seem to cover. The long train which sweeps 
the ground and impedes the step, is an abomination to 
him, as also the short, immodest tunic of the Laconian 
damsel. In a word, he urges simplicity and modesty 
in all points (C. A., Vol. I, p. 580.) 

Tertullian, in his treatise on women's dress, charges 
on the " sons of God," who lusted after the daughters 
of men, the invention of the adventitious aids of fem- 
inine beauty, — the gold and jewels, the brilliant dyes, 
the black powder with which the eyelids were tinged, 
the unguent which gave color to the cheek, the wash 
which changed the hair to the fashionable yellow, the 
tozvers of false tresses piled upon the head and neck 
(De Cultu Feminarum). "Why," he asks, "should 
Christian women clothe themselves in gold and jewels, 
and gorgeous dyes, when they never displayed their 
charms in processions as the heathen did, and needed 
not to pass through the streets except when they went 
to church, or to visit a sick brother, — no occasion for 
gorgeous apparel? Why should they imitate the 
Apocalyptic woman that was 'arrayed in purple and 
scarlet color, and decked with gold and precious stones 
and pearls'?" Neither does he spare the men. He 
speaks with contempt of their " foolish efforts to please 
the other sex by artistic clipping of the beard, by dress- 
ing the hair, by dyeing white locks, by singeing the 
down from the skin, even by using the feminine aids 
of paint and powder, on the face " {Ibid., 11, 8). 

The Council of Gangra in Armenia was held A. D. 
370. Eustathius, accused of instability, taught his fe- 
male disciples to cut off their hair and to assume the 
habit of men. The Council of Gangra condemned both 
these practices as follows: "If any woman, under 
pretense of leading an ascetic life, change her apparel, 
an d, instead of the accustomed habit of women, take 

that of men, let her be anathema " (Canon 13). And 
if any woman, on account of an ascetic life, cut off her 
hair which God has given her as a memorial of sub- 
jection, let her be anathema." These decrees are re- 
ferred to: Deut. 22 : 5 and 1 Cor. 11:6 (Mosheim, 
Vol. 1, p. 271 ; C. A., Vol. 1, p. 581). 

4. The Hair and Beard. — Eusebius (270-325) gives 
an account of the martyrdom of James, the Lord's 
brother, and quotes Negesippus as saying in his fifth 
book of commentaries that " James was surnamed the 
just by all from the days of our Lord. He drank 
neither wine nor fermented liquors and abstained from 
animal food. A razor never came upon his head " 
(Eusebius, Book 2, Ch. 23.) 

Jerome (331-420) says that die clergy should 
neither have their heads closely shaven, like the priests 
of Isis and Serapis, nor let their hair grow to an ex- 
travagant length, like barbarians and soldiers, but that 
the hair should be worn just so long as to cover the 
head (Comm. in Ezek., C. 44). 

In the Apostolic Constitutions (1, 3) the followers 
of Christ are ordered " not to promote the growth of 
their hair, or to wear ringlets, or in any way to imitate 
the adornments in use among women. They are also 
forbidden to shave the beard as if thereby obliterating 
the peculiar distinction of manhood." 

Clement (150-220) reprehends the folly of which 
some men are guilty in eradicating the hair of their 
beards with pitch plasters. The beard is to be allowed 
to grow, since an ample beard becomes the male sex. 
Women are to wear the hair, modestly arranged, upon 
the neck, and fastened with a hair pin (Pedagog. 11, 

An Order of Dress. — " The theory of the church 
was more conservative than the practice. The order 
of the laity still held its place, side by side with the 
' orders ' of the presbyters, readers, and widows. The 
breaking in upon this common order led to the adop- 
tion of a peculiar dress, and of a peculiar mode of 
wearing the hair. At the beginning of the fifth century 
this was seen in a tendency to wear garments of a 
more sober hue than was customary. This was suc- 
ceeded by a tendency to preserve the older forms of 
dress instead of follozving the changes of fashion." 
(Christian Antiquities, p. 1491). 

Chrysostom's own simple life and mean dress was 
one of the reasons for his expulsion from Constan- 
tinople (Idem, p. 581). "His life was too austere, 
his preaching too pungent, and his discipline too strict 
for that corrupt metropolis" (See Mosheim, E. N., 
Vol. 1, p. 242). 

These extracts from the Primitive Fathers, save a 
few strong terms, read much the same as the proceed- 
ings of our own Conference for the last century, — based 
alike upon the Scriptures, and alike opposed to out- 
ward adornment, and the fashions of the world. Then, 
in view of the fact that we, as a people, stand for prim- 
itive Christianity and obedience to all the teaching, 
as well as the spirit of Holy Writ, while we have the 
simple life in a practical and scriptural nonconformity 
to the world in dress, both reason and common sense 
would dictate that we unitedly live up to it and main- 
tain it. 

Broadwav, Va. 

ing, Christian Workers' meeting, prayer meeting, or 
public preaching, you are walking out over the farm, 
entertaining company for purely social reasons, loung- 
ing around in a grocery, sitting around the fireside, or 
are in any other unassigned place (especially a place 
of questionable character or one of doubtful pro- 
priety), you may be sure that God is demanding an 
answer to the question, " What doest thou here?" You 
should also remember that when God asks this ques- 
tion, he is not as easily put off as is the poor elder or 
pastor, upon asking why you were absent during some 
regular religious meeting. 

"What doest thou here?" Elijah had no duty to 
perform at Horeb. Fie was in an empty cave. There 
was no person there to whom he could administer. 
If the Lord would have asked him this question, when 
he was hiding by the brook Cherith, he could have 
answered that he was there in obedience to a divine 
command. But he could not thus reply in the cave 
at Horeb. Wherever we may be, during the time ap- 
pointed for religious service, we should ask ourselves 
whether we are there in obedience to God's command. 
In fact, at no time should we be found at a place 
where we would not welcome the question from our 
heavenly Father: "What doest thou here?" 

Horeb, however, was a sacred place. It was the 
mountain of God (Ex. 3:1). But at that particular 
time it was not a sacred place to the prophet Elijah, 
because he had no duty or errand there. It was in 
him merely a place of retirement or seclusion. A place 
may be holy, though it may not he, at the time, the 
place for you or me, because duty calls us elsewhere. 
Wherever we arc, we should he there in accordance 
with God's will. 

This being true, how about four or five preachers 
in one pulpit, behind the same stand, while the doors 
of several of the other churches in the same congrega- 
tion remain closed for the want of a preacher to con- 
duct a meeting? In other words, how about the con- 
gregation that owns four or five church edifices, in 
each of which they hold a service every two or three 
weeks only, notwithstanding that same congregation 
lias five or six resident ministers? 

How about six or eight preachers leaving the rural 
districts and moving into a town, in which there is only 
one church because God has blessed them, financially, 
to such an extent that they need no longer work for 
their daily bread? Do you not suppose that God is say- 
ing to some of them, " What doest thou here, Elijah?" 
The church is God's house and is holy. But it is read- 
ily seen that a minister might, under certain condi- 
tions, be sadly out of place in a certain church, even 
at a holy service. 

Let us heed the call of the Master as he calls us to 
duty ! Let us go where he wants lis to go ! Let us be 
where he wants us to be! May we always he found at 
such a place where we can, with joy and pleasure, 
answer the question of our heavenly Father, " What 
doest thou here?" 
Scalp Level, Pa. 

"What Doest Thou Here?" 


Elijah, at one time, was found where he should 
not have been. He had fled to Mount Horeb, a place 
where he had no business at the time. Here God met 
him with that pertinent and searching question, "What 
doest thou here, Elijah?" 

Every word in the question is emphatic. Consider 
who Elijah was, — a great prophet. Certainly, it is 
reasonably expected that such a person should always 
be found in his proper place. God naturally looks for 
those, who have espoused his cause, always to be 
found at their post of duty. We may be sure that he 
will follow us into our place of flight or disloyalty, 
and demand of us a reason why we are there. 

As Christian people, we are called upon to occupy 
our place of duty in all departments of church work. 
Tf, during the time appointed for religious service, be 
it Sunday school, missionary meeting, teachers' meet- 

Sixty Years Ago. 

(Here Is a letter, written by Bro. James Qulnler to Bro. 
Robert Calvert, of Adams County. Ohio, In 18'19, — more than 
sixty years ago, The Annual Meeting, to which Bro. Quinter 
refers, was held In Somerset County, Pa., beginning on Mon- 
day, May 28, and closing about noon on Wednesday. There 
were forty-six papers acted upon, and among them was one 
(No. 33), asking whether It would not be more In keeping 
with the Gospel to practice the single mode of feet-washing. 
It Is In reference to this query that Bro. Quinter writes Bro. 
Calvert. This was at a period In our history when the single 
mode of feet-washing was malting considerable stir, and a 
division w^is feared by a few on thl3 account. Bro. Quinter 
was at this time thirty-three years old, had been In the 
ministry eleven years, and while a preacher of considerable 
ability, was not yet known as a writer, for this was two years 
before the Gospel Visitor was started. The spirit of his let- 
ter is fine, and shows what a deep concern he had for the 
peace, union and prosperity of the church. For the letter we 
are Indebted to Bro. John Calvin Bright, of Dayton, Ohio. 

Masontown, Pa., July 31, 1S49. 
Beloved Brother Calvert: — 

I have had a number of letters to write since my re- 
turn home from the Annual Meeting, hence my delay 
in writing to you. Your communications, sent to Bro. 
Kelso and myself, were not received till after our re- 
turn home from the Annual Meeting. Of course they 
could have no influence upon us in the council meeting. 

I regretted very much that the subject you felt so 
much interested in was -not disposed of in a manner 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1910. 

more likely to gain satisfaction, than was done. Un- 
fortunately, the question concerning the change in feet- 
washing was not readied till near the close of the 
meeting. Owing to engagements in different places, 
there was a general desire felt among the Brethren to 
have the council meeting close on Wednesday about 
noon. Consequently, when the question came up, the 
meeting was not prepared to give it that attention that 
it was deserving of. Bro. Joseph Kelso spoke in de- 
fense of the change that the petitions from your con- 
gregations desired. After him some of the old breth- 
ren spoke and showed no disposition to favor any 

Knowing tlie interest that many felt upon the sub- 
ject, and remembering the request you made of me, 
when I saw you last fall, I felt it my duty to say some- 
thing in favor of the change, which I consequently did. 
To the arguments advanced by us, who sustained your 
views of the subject, there was no answer made, but 
some unpleasant insinuations were thrown out by one 
of the bishops, from which it appeared plain that but 
little was to be expected in favor of your request. Had 
there been more time, I should have pressed the mat- 
ter further ; and I learned that there were several more 
ready to stand up .for the change. And I am inclined 
to think that liberty would have been granted to do as 
you desired. Having seen, at one of your love feasts, 
last fall, the feeling of many of your brethren upon this 
subject, I felt much interested in your case. I felt very 
sorry that you could not be present at the council. 
Your presence, no doubt, would have done good. 

And now, what will you do in relation to this sub- 
ject? Next spring the council meeting is to be near 
Dayton, not far from your congregation, but I am 
afraid the western brethren, of whom the meeting in 
general will be composed, will not be likely to encour- 
age the desired change. Of this, however, you know 
more than I. 

I want to say to you that I think it will be well if you 
can still continue to observe the order you have been 
doing, and by still presenting the subject to the consid- 
eration of the brethren assembled in general council, 
I hope that in time your request will be granted. I feel 
very anxious that nothing should occur to disturb the 
general harmony of the church. 

There are changes which I would like to see made 
and which, I believe, might be made to advantage, 
among which is the one above alluded to, but if those 
changes cannot be made without making divisions, then 
I prefer to leave things as they are at present. I think 
we need to have no fears of our acceptance with our 
Heavenly Father, when our work is done, if we do our 
work as explained by the Brethren in general. These 
changes should be talked about in love and reason, 
with supreme regard to the teachings of the Gospel of 
Christ. And I trust that light and truth will prevail 
against long-cherished opinions and early attachments. 
There have been some fears entertained by some, 
heretofore, that because we differ in opinion upon 
some things, there might he a division among us. 1. 
however, have but little fear of that, at present. I 
hope we have more of that " wisdom that is from 
above " than to endanger the church's usefulness, or to 
injure the cause of true piety, by permitting divisions 
to take place for which there is no more cause among 
us at present than there is. 

Our late Annual Meeting impressed my mind with 
the pleasing conviction that there is much love among 
the Brethren. It is true, some things took place not 
of the most pleasant character, but what else could be 
expected from such a number of fallible creatures as 
we all were! Our separation from each other was 
marked with a deep and tender feeling. Never have 
I felt the cause of spiritual truth dearer to my heart, or 
more anxious to live and die in its defense, than I have 
of late. The cause of religion, we hope, is rather on 
the advance among us. 

There have been a number added to the church here 
this summer. About a week ago I returned from a 
two days' meeting held at one of our meeting places, 
at the conclusion of which there were nine baptized. 
Let us all take encouragement from what the Lord and 
his Word have done, and look for greater things yet 
to come. His promises are great and precious. To 
ease my mind, by discharging what I felt to be a duty, 

and to show a regard which I assure you I feel for you, 
I have written these lines. I hope they will find you 
in health, peace and prosperity. Although we hear of 
much sickness throughout the country in different 
places, we enjoy good health here. Please remem- 
ber me to your family, and to the church. Grace be 
with you all. Farewell. 

Yours in Christian love, 

J. Quintek. 
■ • ■ 

The Baptism of Fire. 


Matt. 3: 11 speaks of three baptisms: (1) That of 
water; (2) that of the Holy Ghost; (3) that of fire. 
Christ received these three baptisms. All Christ's fol- 
lowers will receive these three baptisms. 

There are some six, or more, different views as to 
what the baptism of fire is. Four of said views are 
somewhat popular. The " fire of purgatory " is very 
popular with Catholics. That the " baptism with fire" 
consists of a special measure of the Holy Ghost, is very 
popular with most of the Protestant churches. That 
the punishment of the wicked in the " fire of hell " is 
the "baptism with fire," referred to by John, is also 
quite popular with many students of the Bible. 

The writer favors the view that the " baptism with 
fire " consists of the fiery trials, persecutions, afflictions, 
tribulations, etc., that Christ's followers will have to 
pass through in this life. Indeed, this life is a life of 
probation. It is a life of trial. Water is not the only 
element used for purification. Num. 31 : 23 reads, 
" Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make 
it go through the fire, and it shall be clean." In 
Mai. 3: 1-3 reference is made (1) to John Baptist as 
the forerunner of Christ ; (2) to Christ as the Refiner 
of God's people. 

The figure used by Malachi is very significant. " He 
shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; and he shall 
purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and 
silver, that they may offer unto the Lord an offering 
in righteousness." A refiner is one who cleanses or 
purifies. The refiner sits by the crucible and carefully 
watches the gold in the fire of the furnace until he sees 
his own image in the gold. He then quickly removes 
it from the crucible. 

In Isa. 48: 10, we have the same figure: " I have 
refined thee, but not with silver ; I have chosen thee in 
the furnace of affliction." In Zech. 13 : 9 reference is 
made to the same figure: " I will bring the third part 
through the fire,, and will refine them as silver is re- 
fined, and will try them as gold is tried." 

When Job was being tried in the fire of affliction, he 
said, " When he hath tried me, I shall come forth as 
gold." Christ, the Refiner, says, " I am come to send 
fire on earth ; and what will I, if it be already kindled ? 
But I have a baptism to be baptized with ; and how am 
I straitened till it be accomplished !" We all know that 
Christ here refers to his baptism of suffering in the 
fiery furnace of affliction, that he had to pass through. 
Christ informed his disciples that they also would have 
to pass through the fiery furnace of affliction. " Ye 
shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the 
baptism that I am baptized with." 

In Psalm 66: 10 David says, " Thou hast tried us as 
silver is tried." In 1 Cor. 3 : 13 Paul says, " Every 
man's work shall be made manifest ; for the day shall 
declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire ; and the 
fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is." 
How timely the admonition in 1 Peter 4: 12: " Be- 
loved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial 
which is to try you, as though some strange thing hap- 
pened unto you." 

Christ, foreknowing all this, said, " In the world 
ye shall have tribulation : but be of good cheer ; I have 
overcome the world." Well could Paul say, " We 
must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom 
of God." Paul, knowing the refining, or purifying, na- 
ture of these fiery trials, could well say, " I am exceed- 
ing joyful in all our tribulation." Of the innumerable 
number of all the redeemed in heaven it is said, 
" These are they which came out of great tribulation, 
and have washed their robes, and made them white in 
the blood of the Lamb." 

That we may not ascribe that to God which is but 

from Satan, we must observe the following: God is 
often said to be doing that which he but permits Satan 
to do. To illustrate : " So went Satan forth from the 
presence of the Lord, and smote Job with sore boils 
from the sole of his foot unto his crown " (Job 2:7). 
In Job 42: 11 we read, " And they bemoaned him, and 
comforted him over all the evil that the Lord had 
brought upon him." Chapters 1 and 2 make it ever so 
plain that the Lord merely permitted Satan to try Job. 
Satan had falsely accused Job before God. To show 
all the world that all such accusations against God's 
people are false, God permitted the fiery trials. For 
the same reason God permitted those " miserable com- 
forters " to heap those false and fiery accusations on 
poor Job. Thank God for the " Book of Job "! 

Christ received water baptism; not because he had 
any sins of his own, but he was our sin-bearer, and 
hence must become an example to us. He needed no 
purification because he had sinned, but he needed to 
receive the baptism of fire because he bore our sins. 
The more we study Gethsemane, the more we will 
know what the "baptism with fire" meant to him. 
The more we read of the early " Christian martyrs," 
the more we will know what John meant when he said, 
"He shall baptize you with fire." 

Some think John spoke Matt. 3 : 1 1 to a mixed mul- 
titude, and that those he baptized with water would be 
baptized with the. Holy Ghost, and the wicked with 
the fire of hell. John evidently spoke to those whom 
he baptized with water. The language is plain. But 
read Mark 1 : 8, "I indeed have baptized you with 
water : but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost." 
We quote this to show the tense of the verb. 

Hartville, Ohio. 


"And it came to pass when Moses held up his 
hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his 
hand, Amalek prevailed." Ex. 17: 11. 

Amalek is a type of the flesh. With all the effort, 
apart from the Intercessor, there was failure to be vic- 
torious. With Israel's efforts, plus the work of the In- 
tercessor, the flesh (Amalek) was vanquished. This 
is the reason why mere good resolutions cannot stop 
drinking, nor the use of tobacco, nor hundreds of other 
sins of the flesh. One may not succeed of himself. 

" I exhort therefore, first of all, that supplications, 
prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for 
all men " ( 1 Tim. 2:1). Here we are the intercessor. 
" Wherefore also he is able to save to the uttermost 
them that draw near unto God through him, seeing he 
ever liveth to make intercession for them" (Heb. 

In Rom. 8 : 26, 34 there are two who make interces- 
sion. Christ is for us at the right hand of God, and the 
Holy Spirit is for us and in us. Verse 26 gives us 
two points about which we know we are weak. We 
know not (1) what to pray for; (2) as we ought 
(how). But right here the Spirit comes into our lives 
to uphold, strengthen, and enable us, in prayer. He 
imparts power and desire to pray, even when we can- 
not express it in words. He understands all our brok- 
en fragments of broken words. What a comfort that 
our groanings, too deep for words, do not go unan- 
swered ! How precious this intercession ! We and the 
Holy Spirit here ; Christ at the right hand of God over 
there 1 What a privilege ! 

There is little said in the Bible about this work of 
the Holy Spirit. I once, knew a sister who,, in her 
public prayer, could say only, " O God ! O God !" That 
was an excellent prayer at that time. When one says, 
" I can't pray," he often means that he can't dress up 
his prayer in the fashionable clothes some prayers 
wear, or that he can't make the long and meaningless 
preamble to his prayer like the minister whom he has 
so often heard. 
' Sterling, III. 

Revivals in the Church. 


For several years I have thought that the one thing 
of greatest need to the home field was, that a lot of 
good, successful evangelists might he raised up who 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1910. 


would be in a position to devote much, or all, of their 
time to the calls that would reach them. I know that 
I was not alone in this, for there has been a bit of 
agitation in various ways, and reference has often been 
made to the thought in the Messenger. I hope, and 
have reason to believe, that there has been much pray- 
ing on this subject. 

For a few years, now, we can see reports of meet- 
ings that have been held in most parts of the Brother- 
hood with glorious results. Converts are coming from 
all classes of the people and by the score at that. My 
heart rejoices at such reports. It seems as though the 
Spirit was at work in the right line. Prayers are being 
answered, and" the church is learning how to prepare 
for a series of meetings. I know of many places where 
the special efforts have been prefaced by a week or 
more of definite and special prayer. Now I am sure 
that this pays. 

I know one minister that asked the church to make 
a preparation, for the meetings by having a week of 
prayer. Those who invited him said that it was im- 
possible. The minister reluctantly went to that church 
for the meetings. Are we surprised that he did not 
get converts ? I am not. He was for two weeks pre- 
paring them for the revival that they should have had. 
My idea is, that if a church is not ready to make the 
preparation that the invited evangelist suggests, he has 
a just reason to turn to other fields of labor. 

Now, that several of our brethren are giving much 
or all of their time to this line of work, it would natur- 
ally appear that they would become better skilled in 
the outward preparation than those who have never 
held a series of meetings. And let me say here that 
the outward preparation that I refer to is not, in any 
way, to hinder the workings of the Spirit, but I hold 
that it is only getting the conditions in such a shape 
that the Spirit can work. This is a day of specialists 
in all lines, and seeing this, let us all pray that the 
Church of the Brethren may have brethren who can be 
great evangelists for the Lord. 

I think the churches are feeling the great revival that 
I hope is in store for all, and if some church has been 
so unfortunate as not to have accessions for years, I 
pray that this church may lay the matter before the 
Lord at the Throne of Grace. Tell it to the Lord. Let 
the church have a season of fasting and prayer. The 
latter could continue for a month or more, if a revival 
was really desired. Then there could be a revival with 
or without the aid of an invited evangelist. 

As I speak of the specialist, I would not say that 
others could not hold meetings as the Spirit led, but 
let all become leaders in this great cause of winning 
the unsaved. 

Here, again, I am reminded of echoes that I have 
seen in print for the last few months. I personally 
feel bad that any one would think we are getting con- 
verts too fast. Some are afraid. of those big revivals. 
Too many will not be cared for. Well, now, I assure you 
that such is not the fault of the Holy Spirit convicting 
men and women, neither is it the fault of the evangel- 
ist who, no doubt, has prayed very earnestly that souls 
might be gathered into the church. In short, I am sure 
that the revivals need not be curbed, but the churches, 
who have workers, where the goodly numbers have 
been gathered in, ought to use their might and main 
to be led of the Spirit in order to lead the " babes " 
into a fuller knowledge of Christ. 

If they need to have the doctrinal teachings, let the 
preachers and teachers in that church do the teaching 
needed. The busy evangelist cannot stay for all time 
and lead those whom he has helped to a start. 

No, I plead we are not having too big revivals, but 
we are getting ourselves in tune with the leading of the 
great Spirit, I trust, so that he is working through the 
church for greater things. Let us have a revival now, 
in the home preachers who are to be the pastors for 
these new members of the fold. 

I think an illustration will be in place here, — a true 
incident of the writer's acquaintance. Two ministers 
were talking together as to what they could do toward 
helping their members to an active growth. (By the 
way this is not a bad thing for preachers to do.) One 
was more hopeful than the other, who was a bit dis- 
couraged but not ready, by any means, to give up. This 
latter minister said, " I fear I am not able for the task. 

There are so many of our members who are getting 
ahead of me in ability to think, I fear I cannot be an 
inspiring leader to them." The more hopeful minister 
said, " Well, I know your position is right, concerning 
both of us, to a great extent, but (listen to his plan) 
let us make preparation." 

They came to their flock with a proposition. The*' 
stated it briefly as follows:. " We find that we are be- 
ing outstripped by some of our flock, and since we are 
both farmers and have to make a living, the same as you 
other members, we feel that we must have help further 
to prepare, or we, as a church, will make a failure." 

The membership was not the kind to object to a 
means to progress, for I have already stated that they 
were doing a bit of thinking about the young members, 
and older ones too. Will they go forward or back- 
ward? The membership asked the ministers what they 
had further to propose. They said, " We must have 
at least a day out of each week for the preparation of 
sermons, and keeping up on reading matter. We want 
the church to do the work which must, necessarily, be 
done on that preparation day, or send Us money to hire 
men who will do it." 

Again the church was ready for progress. The obli- 
gation was assumed, and the work continued to grow. 
Young men were called to the ministry in that congre- 
gation and now the churchhouse has been replaced 
by a bigger and better-equipped one. I don't think 
they have any members who would say that the re- 
vivals are too big for the good of the church. No, let 
us thank God for the good revivals and the consecrated 
evangelists, and do all we can to help both to become 
still more effective in the Savior's name. 
Tai Yuan Fit, Shansi, China. 

A Great Opportunity. 


A short time ago a member of the Grange made a 
speech, in which he mentioned the work of that body 
toward improving social conditions in the rural dis- 
tricts. The Y. M. C. A. has also announced that it is 
going to extend its work into the country. 

We do not want to say that the Y. M. C. A. and the 
Grange have not already done some good, or that they 
will not do more good ; but we do say that their meth- 
ods of- work will limit their activities to only a part of 
the population. The Grange is a secret order and 
those who are opposed to secret societies cannot work 
with them. The Y. M. G A., like the popular 
churches, does not object to dances, theater-going and 
card playing. It will very likely introduce dances, 
card parties and amateur theatricals as entertainment 
for the country people. A large number of country 
people are opposed to these things, so they will be un- 
able to work with the Y. M. C. A. 

Now, since many of the country people cannot sup- 
port these other organizations, it is necessary to have 
an organization that all can support and work with. 
To do this we must start a new organization, and in- 
clude in its work only such things as no one considers 
harmful. Then everyone in the community can take 
part in the work. If some are determined to have 
dances or card parties, and we cannot persuade them 
to engage in something better, we will have to let them 
have their dance or card party, but it will not he given 
by the organization. But. if wc do our work as wc 
should, others will not care for these dances and card 
parties, unless they are firmly riveted to the bad habit. 

This is a very important problem. We dare not 
neglect it any longer. We have neglected it too long 
already. What are the Brethren going to do about 
this problem? Our membership is largely in the coun- 
try. If our boys and girls go to the city, how many 
of them will remain true to the church? If we have 
dances, card parties and amateur theatricals in our 
neighborhood, and no other kind of entertainment for 
the young, how many of our young people will be 
drawn away from the church? Brethren and sisters, 
it is time we begin to do something. 

Formerly we had spelling matches and singing 
schools in the country. Now these are dispensed with, 
in most places. Then it was not so easy to get into 
mischief, as the city could not be reached very easily. 

Now it is no trouble to go to a city, and there is a great 
deal of vicious literature that is cheap and easy to get. 
Some may think that the young need work rather 
than entertainment. They need both, but the former 
should never be subordinated to the latter. That is 
why older people should help them in their pleasure 
getting. Otherwise they are liable to get the idea that 
pleasure is the chief aim of life. Everyone needs 
some kind of diversion. Continual work is fatiguing. 
A little pleasure takes the mind from the work, so 
that the brain and body can be built up. Then one 
goes back to work with renewed energy. Many people 
get old before their time because they never take time 
to renew their youth. But too much time must not be 
given to pleasure, else it will become fatiguing and is 
as bad as too much work. A grown person may re- 
fuse to give himself any recreation, but a child cannot. 
He must have recreation, and if he does not get the 
right kind, he will take something else. 

This is not a religious work, but it will have so 
much to do in determining the susceptibility of the 
young to religious teaching, that the church people 
should take a prominent part in guiding the work. It 
is primarily for the young, but the young need the ad- 
vice and guidance of the older people. Besides, the 
older people need the pleasure they will get out of it. 
Now is the time to begin. If we do not. others will 
have their forms of entertainment started, and we will 
be compelled to work almost exclusively among our 
own people. But now there is an opportunity to help 
others. Begin with the young people of the church 
and a few friends. Make a rule that no kind of enter- 
tainment shall be given that anyone would have 
scruples against attending. Do not attempt too much 
at first. 

Two things might be suggested that would do in 
any place. Other things could be added to lit the needs 
of the community. The two things are a literary soci- 
ety and a library. In most communities there arc peo- 
ple who have magazines that they do not care for after 
they have read them. These could be collected and 
placed in the library, so that others could read them. 
A few hooks could be purchased from time to time. 
In some places it is also possible to get traveling libra- 
ries for a time, by paying the freight on the books. 
The literary society would give programs composed 
of recitations and songs and, if possible', speeches, 
essays and debates. Then it might he possible to get 
speakers from a distance occasionally. 

Now is the time to begin. Organize a literary soci- 
ety, start a library and, as you see opportunity to en- 
large the scope of the work, do it. The older people 
should take an interest in the programs. They should 
show the young that they are interested in them. Then 
the young people will come to them for advice. It will 
bring the young into closer relationship with each 
other. The young people will find that the country is, 
after all, the best place to live, and they will not go 
away to the city to he lost, as so many have in days 
gone by, and even today. 
Columbia, Mo. 


Ministry. — A Word of Warning. 


The ministry of the Gospel is truly a responsible 
and holy calling. Its import is the saving and shep- 
herding of souls. To make it most efficient and suc- 
cessful, it must be consecrated and specific in pur- ■ 
pose. This is not only true of the ministry but of 
everything else as well. The business men as well as 
the professional men fully understand the logic of this 
statement. They know that to make life a success, 
along any one line, is to have a purpose in view and to 
make that purpose the aim of life. 

No one can become a great preacher, a great farmer, 
a great mechanic, a great business man, or a great man 
in anything else at the same time. There are, it is 
true, exceptional cases. John Wanamaker is such an 
exception. So was the great editor, Geo. W. Childs. 
But these men were born great and could make a suc- 
cess of ever so .many things at the same time. Not so 
it is with the most of us poor mortals. 

To many of us the words of Paul must necessarily 

(Concluded on Page 76.) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1910. 


Just a Little Cloud. 


In a recent article I observed that some members, 
not being satisfied with their baptism, were again 
immersed. That put me to thinking. Several times 
young members have told me that they were baptized 
when children, and that, since arriving at maturity, 
and learning more about repentance and reformation, 
they were troubled over their baptism. Some said 
they were baptized too young, that they did not under- 
stand, as they now feel they should have understood, 
the first principles of the doctrine of Christ. 

Now, may we not, at times, be just a little too eager 
to get children into the water? They are easily im- 
pressed. They look at things seen. They do not un- 
derstand, but feel to be with the church. I like this 
spirit. But may there not be great danger? There 
always is the element of danger, of course. Either 
many may come in years hence and ask for rebaptism, 
or they may drift away, feeling they were not just right 
at the time of their baptism. It is just a little cloud 
now, but it may gather into a fearful storm. That 
there ought to be deep convictions, prior to immersion, 
goes without saying. That the youth should be 
thoroughly taught before taken into the fold, is cer- 
tain. In fact, the church's highest condition and attain- 
ment depend upon a consecrated ministry, properly 
maintained, thorough instruction in doctrine, prin- 
ciples, and holy methods, and excellent feeding of the. 
flock. Sheep need food daily, — not once in seven days. 
Lambs need milk oftentimes each day, not just during 
the Sunday-school hour. Preachers need constant 
sanctification, not just in the pulpit. 

These little clouds of neglect are portending a hard 
storm. More Bible study, with more holiness of life, 
more carefulness and less desire for getting a great 
name from men, and the church will take on new 
energies, more humility, and a deeper feeling for the 
lost. Be sure that all applicants well understand the 
way into Christ. Be certain that the flock is well fed. 
Be convinced that the church's methods are quite well 
understood, lest the recipients rise up later and say 
they were deceived, — that they did not understand. 
Los Angeles, Cat. 

man, in his particular sphere, as the two leading 
thoughts of philosophy and scriptural interpretation. 

In geometry two points determine a straight line. 
In philosophy it may also be enunciated that the two 
doctrines, " Divine Sovereignty " and " Free Moral 
Agency," properly understood and applied, determine 
the straight line of conduct. 

The Book of Romans, as outlined by Bro. McCann, 
develops and emphasizes salvation by grace in the 
divine will and human will. 

This outline of the Christian doctrine of leading New 
Testament teaching should be in every home in the 
land. The writer recently sent for fifty copies, and 
thirty-five were disposed of in a few hours' time dur- 
ing the same day. They are only fifteen cents a piece, 
and may be ordered from Brethren Publishing House. 

Every topic and every statement in the booklet has 
been tested by long and repeated teaching under varied 
and searching criticism. Think of it, if every congre- 
gation in the Brotherhood should use fifty copies, then, 
granting that there are one thousand congregations in 
the Brotherhoad, there would be at once a sale of 
50,000 copies. But there should be still other thousands 
sold. This booklet is not only a happy and beautiful 
solution of this great problematic New Testament 
Book, but it is fortunate in its clear and beautiful pres- 
entation of applied Christianity. 

Nokesville, Va. 

Ministerial Meetings. 


Ministerial meetings have been very helpful to' 
our ministers, in many ways, and should receive the 
hearty support of all, so far as possible. Each succeed- 
ing meeting should be an improvement on the preced- 
ing one. That this is not the case, and that the interest, 
in places at least, is waning, is very apparent. 

Among the different causes that will produce a 
decline in interest, a leading one is, " too much same- 
ness in the routine of the exercises." " Threshing over 
the same straw " yields but little returns and naturally 
tires the operator. Can we not have some one to sug- 
gest a program that will be practical and up-to-date, 
as well as scriptural and apostolical? We must meet 
the live issues and problems of our day, and the min- 
isterial meeting is a good place to discuss them. 

Not claiming that the following will fully supply the 
want, the list of subjects is given to enlist attention, 
and lead others to give us something better: 

1. The Minister and His Bible. 

2. The Evangelist and His Field. 

3. The Elder and His Flock. 

4. The Deacon and His Work. 

5. The Missionary and His Qualifications. 

6. The Layman and His Duties to the Church. 

7. The Sisters and Their Field. 

8. The Fathers in Israel. 

9. The Mothers in Israel. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

Downward or Upward — Which ? 


Growing in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord 
and Savior Jesus Christ, we should seek first the 
kingdom of God and his righteousness. If we be 
risen with Christ, we set our affections on things above, 
having our conversation in heaven. Is a person, 
practically exercising in all these things, growing 
downward or upward? 

Some one recently said, " The world says, In the 
intellectual realm there is still room at the top." I 
say, There is room at the bottom, too. The Christian 
learns and grows downward into the valley of humility, 
because in the valleys are found the green and rich 
pastures, and not on the barren hills or mountains. 
The Savior says, " He that humbleth himself (German, 
erniedrigt, meaning made low) shall be exalted." 

But was there ever anything of a healthy nature, in 
the animal, vegetable, or any other kingdom, grow- 
ing downward? Is the humble, consecrated Christian 
really groveling at the bottom, or is he soaring still 
higher and higher in the pure atmosphere of the real 
element of the Christ-life? Is he rising above the 
beggarly elements of the world? 

What do we infer from the poem of the venerable 
elder, Peter Becker, "Thou, poor pilgrim, who art 
wandering here, in this valley of grief"? In the 
eleventh stanza he says, " Into this mirror look, and 
behold thy image. Think how little thou still art, that 
the pilgrim's progress to the valley of humility is 
moving and learning and growing downward." 

Is the road to the valley of humility leading down- 
ward or upward, — which ? 

Mastersonville, Pa. 

A Treasure. 


A treasure in the way of a small book is the " Out- 
line of the Book of Romans," by Eld. S. N. McCann. 
This booklet is the ripest of the author's thought and 
life. For many years he has chosen the sovereignty 
of God, in his universal sphere, and the sovereignty of 

Fear the Lord. 

"The fear of God is the beginning of knowledge." 
Prov. 1: 7. 

Is there anything in God to make us afraid? God is 
pure and holy and he hates sin, " Thou art weighed 
in the balances and art found wanting," was the writ- 
ing on the wall that terrified the drunken king, 
Belshazzar. God was against the drunken king, and 
his kingdom was given to another. God will not put 
up with disobedience to his mandates. Though he is 
merciful, and bears long with the sinner, that does not 
say he does not take notice or does not care that we 
sin. Moral anarchy arises from the doctrine that there 
is nothing in God that we should fear, and that we 
will not offend the Deity if we sin. To fear God mean 
more than to be afraid of his wrath. We should fear 
to do evil because we love God and he hates evil. 
Vengeance is in store for the worker of iniquity. 

Ashland, Ohio. 

Going to Law. 


In conversing, recently